US 568735 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
1. 2 sheets-sheet 1. (Mode J. T. BRIGHT.
SPARK ARRBSTER. No. 568.735. Patented 001;. 6, 1896.
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(No Mbdel.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 2. J. T. BRIGHT.
SPARK ARRESTBR No. 568,735. Patented 001;. 6,- 1896.
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JOSEPH T. BRIGHT, OF MIDlVAY, KENTUCKY.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 568,735, dated October 6, 1896.
Application filed July 16, 1896. Serial No. 599,452. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, JOSEPH T. BRIGHT, of Midway, in the county of Woodford and State of Kentucky, have invented a new and useful Improvementin Spark-Arres ters, of which the following is a description.
My invention is an improvement in sparkarresters; and it consists in certain novel constructions and combinations and arrangements of parts as will be first fully described, and then pointed out in the claims.
In the drawings, Figure 1 is a sectional view of my spark-arrester. tion of one of the w'oven-wire sheets or wings with the hinge-plate attached and shows a notch in its lower edge. Fig. 3 is a representation of one of the woven-wire wings or sheets with hinge-plate attached and being straight on its lower edge. Fig. 4 is a sectional view of one of the woven-wire wings with hinge-plate attached. Fig. 5 is a representation of one of the lever-bars which are loosely riveted to the hinge-plates of the woven-wire wings. Fig. 6 is a representation of the perpendicular hinge-plate to which the woven-wire wings are hinged, having 3' ournalplates firmly fastened to one side of its face, also having slots cut through it to correspond with the slots in the journal-plates to admit the hinging ends of the hinge-plates on the woven-wire wings. Fig. 7 is a perspective View of the lever attachment by which the lever-bars that are attached to the hinge plates of the woven-wire wings are raised and lowered. Fig. 8 is a View of two bands with cross-plate, one of which is placed in each end of the cylinder and affords a fastening for the ends of the perpendicular hinge-plate.
The spark-arrester, Fig. 1, is composed of a cylinder A, made of sheet-iron, in each end of which is fixed a band 0, having a crossplate w, Fig. 8, to which the ends of the perpendicular hinge-plate 0, Figs. 1 and 6, are bolted through the holes 6 e. The perpendicular hinge-plate 0, Figs. 1 and 2, has slots cut through it to admit the passage of the hinge ends of the hinge-plates of the woven wire wings D D DD and D D D D, Fig. 1. On one side of the perpendicular hinge-plate 0, Figs. 1 and 6, are securely fastened journal-plates B B B 13, Figs. 1 and 6, having slots in them to correspond with the slots cut in Fig. 2 is a representathe perpendicular hinge-plate O to allow the hinging ends of the hinge-plates E to pass in.
order that the hinge-plates of the woven-wire wings D D D D and D D D D may be hinged together on the perpendicular hinge-plate 0, Figs. 1 and 6, by passing a wire through them in the journal-plates B B B B, Figs. 1 and 6. The perpendicular lever-bars J, Figs. 1 and 5, have eyeplates V V V V, placed at right angles to the face of the bar J, Fig. 5, and are loosely riveted through the eyeplates V V V V to the hingeplates E E E E E E E E, Fig. 1, of the woven-wire wings D D D D and D D D D, of which the woven-wire wings formed like D, Fig. 2, are 011 one side of the perpendicularhinge-plate G,and those formed like D, Fig. 3, are on the opposite side of the hinge-plate C, Fig. 1.
The woven-wire wings D and D, Figs. 2 and 3, have fastened to their surface hingeplates II and E by rivets, which pass through them and through the woven wire wings, thence through a plate I, Fig. 4, on the opposite side of the hinge-plate EH, Fig. 4.
The woven-wire wings I), Fig. 2, have a notch or square opening a: on their straight edges to admit of the parts 3 and a to pass by the edges of the perpendicular hinge-plate C when the woven-wire wings are spread, thereby closing any undesirable space that might exist between the edges of the woven-wire wings formed like D, Fig. 3, and the face of the perpendicular hinge-plate O.
In Fig. 1 m is a short section of sheet-iron cylinder which fits in or over the cylinder A, in which is constructed the lever-,which raises or lowers the lever-bars J, thereby raising or lowering the woven-wire wings.
The plate P, Figs. 1 and 7, is bent at right angles at each end, forming the uprights a and I), through which holes 7t" and Zare made in order that the lever-plate P can be firmly attached to the band 0, Figs. 1 and 8. Upon the surface of the lever-plate P, at one end, is fastened a journal-plate Said. journalplate has a slot 71 cut through its center to receive the end of thelever-arm M, which is hinged to the journal-platej by passing a wire or bolt y through a hole in the lower end of the lever-arm M. The lever-plate P also has a journal-plate Q, attached near the opposite end of it.
The journalplate Q is so constructed that the bolt 9, which passes under the surface of the journal-plate Q, through the lower end of the lever-arm H, is allowed to slip backward and forward as the lever-rod O, which passes through the hole .2, is loosely bolted to the lever-arm N by the bolt t, is pulled backward or pushed forward by the hand-lever p as operated by the engineer. The perpendicular leverarm L is loosely attached between the upper ends 01' the lever-arms M and N by a bolt 2, passing through all three of them. A bolt K is passed through one end of the le- Yer-bars J and the upper end of the lever-arm L, thence through the end of the other leverbar J. The lever-rod O has a slit in the end that is loosely bolted to the lever-arm N at t, and from thence passes through the upright a at Z, Fig. 7, and is loosely attached to the handlevcrp at r, Fig. 1. The hand-leverp, Fig. 1, is jointed or hinged to a hinge-clip S at a by a bolt. Said hinge-clip may be fastened to the most desirable portion of the engine in order to allow the hand-leverp to be in easy reach of the engineer. The ratchetbar (1 has a brace 6, which may be put at any desirable point that will allow the lever-arm p to be kept in any desired position firmly.
In Fig. 1 the flange 5 is made to fit inside the cylinder A and to project over the top of the smoke-stack and fixed firmly to it by bolts passed through the holes '7 7, thereby holding the spark-arrester firmly in position.
Vhen the hand-lever p is moved toward the smoke-stack in which the spark-arrester, Fig. 1, is fixed, the lever-rod O pushes the lower end of the lever-arm N toward the center of the lever-plate P and raises the upper ends of the lever-arms l\.[ and N, thereby raising the lever-arm L, which is loosely bolted to the ends of the upright lever-plates J, thereby raising them, and as they are loosely riveted to the hinge-plates II E, Fig. 4:, of the woven-wire wings D D D D and D D D D,
so the woven-wire wings can move freely upon the upright lever-bars, and the hingeplates of the woven-wire wings are hinged 011 each side of the perpendicular hinge-plate C, the woven-wire wings are closed, and when the hand-leveris pulled away from the smokestack the woven-wire wings are opened; but when the complete section of the woven-wire wings is reversed in the cylinder A and the bolt \V passed through the lever-arm L then the movement of the woven-wire wings will be reversed as the hand-lever p is operated by the engineer. \Vhen the woven wire wings are spread, no sparks can pass out of the smoke-stack.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new is- 1. In a spark-arrester consisting of a cylinder in which are several wovenwire wings, hinged to a perpendicular hinge-plate,which is fixed through the center of the cylinder by the aid of cross-plates which are fastened to bands, which are fastened to a cylinder on its inside, and upright lever-bars which are attached to l1inge-plates, which are attached to woven-wire wings and lever-arms operated by a hand-lever through which the wovenwire wings are opened or closed at the will of the engineer, substantially as set forth.
2. The combination of the hand-lever with the lever-rod,the lever-arms,the lever-plates, the lever-bars, the hinge-plates, the wovenwire win gs,the ratchet,the cylindcr,thc bands with cross-plates, the flange that laps over the top edge of the smoke-stack, to keep the cylinder in position, the reversibility of the woven-wire wings in the cylin der, all of which is under the control of the engineer, to spread or close the woven-wire wings by the operation of a hand-lever, substai'itially as set forth.
JOSEPH T. BRIGHT.
M. D. OFFUTT, W. I). OFFUTT.