Friedrich max lehnig
US 569213 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
CORSET FASTENING. I No. 569,213. Patented Oct. 13, 1896.
minus mus ca. wotaurna, wummmm a. c,
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
FRIEDRICH MAX LEHNIG, OF BARMEN, GERMANY.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 569,213, dated October 13, 1896. Application filed December 12, 1894. Serial No. 531,583. (No model.) Patented in England December 8,1894, No. 23,922.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, FRIEDRICH MAX LEHNIG, a subject of the German Emperor, residing at Barmen, in the German Empire, have invented new and useful Improvements in Busks for Corsets, Leggings, and other Garments, (for which I have obtained Letters Patent in Great Britain, No. 23,922, dated December S, 1894,) of which the following is a specification.
This invention consists in busks for corsets, leggings, and other garments, such busks being provided or formed with means for fastenin g them together, whereby the advantages are obtained that the busks, when fastened together, cannot accidentally become undone, but may nevertheless at the will of the wearer be unfastened bya simple and easy manipulation without the use of movable parts applied to the fasteners, and as easily be closed or fastened. For this purpose I fit or form the busks with two kinds of fasteners, one or more of each, at suitable distances apart on the opposite edges of the busks. These fasteners are made of sheet-brass or other suitable elastic sheet material in number according to requirement. The one kind of fastener has its two opposite parts constructed to interlock in such manner that they may be engaged by springing one against the other and are disengaged by an angular orlateral move ment, while a vertical or longitudinal movement is impossible. The other kind of fastener has its two opposite parts constructed to interlock in such manner that they are made to engage by springing one against the other hookwise and so that they are disengaged by pulling one out of the other lengthwise, the busks thus becoming detached.
Figure 1 of the accompanying drawings is a front view of a pair of corset-busks fastened together according to my invention. Fig. 2 is a plan view of the bush and top fastener, and Fig. 3 a horizontal section through the same. Fig. 4 is a horizontal section through the busk and one of the other fasteners,which latter in this example are all alike. Fig. 5 is a horizontal section of a modification of Fig. A. Fig. 6 is a front view of the upper part of a pair of busks fitted with the two kinds of fasteners, the uppermost one being slightly different from the corresponding one in Fig.
1, while the lower one is different from the corresponding lower ones in Fig. 1. Fig. 7 is a horizontal section through the upper fastener of Fig. 6, and Fig. 8 a horizontal section through the lower fastener of vFig. 6.
Referring now, first, to Figs. 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5, the part A of the top fastener is bent in the hook shape shown'in Fig. 3, the hook having a curled-up end A. It has besides an upper and a lower bent-over flap'part A (See Fig. 2.) These flaps take over and inclose the hook with curled-up end B of the fitting B onthe other busk, the hook parts A and B engaging with each other, as shown in Fig. 3. It will be understood that the parts A and B may be sprung against each other, so as to engage, and that either when placed angularly to each other or not; but the flaps A prevent any movement up and down when the parts are engaged. The lower sets of fasteners G D have no such end flaps and interlock in the manner shown in Fig. 4. The hooked parts 0 and D cannot be disengaged by pulling apart sidewise, but they are easily disengaged by pulling apart endwise. Fig. 5 shows a modification of Fig. 4, the end parts 0' and D being of a decided barb-hook form, the part D slipping past the part 0 in the act of closing.
It will thus be understood that if the two busks (or any other garments to which the fasteners are applied) are to be undone the fastening A B, generally the uppermost one, is first disengaged by moving the fittings A and B angularly to each other and then pulling them apart. Then the other fastening or fastenings O D are undone simultaneously by sliding them endwise out of each other. To fasten the busks together, the fasteners A B are first connected by lateral or angular motion and then the fastener, or fasteners O D are pushed together, there being sufficient spring and space in them to admit of this, or the fittings O and D may first be slid end- Wise into each other and the fastener A B then locked by pushing the fittings A and B against each other.
Referring next to Figs. 6, 7, and 8, it will be noticed that the shape of the end part B as shown in Fig. 7 is slightly difierent from the end part B shown in Fig. 3, also that the 7, and 8.
end parts 0' and D as shown in Fig. 8 are similar to the parts A and B shown in Fig. 3; but the fitting Ahas in this case an upper and -lower flap like A Fig. 2, and for the same purpose-viz., to prevent displacement end Wise of the fittings A and B. The form of the parts D and O is such that these fittings may be pulled apart by applying a little force, and they may also, and that with ease, be detached by sliding endwise in the manner described with reference to Fig. 1 after that the top fittings AB have been detached from each other by angular movement and a slight pull.
Fig. 9 shows a section which may be substituted for any of the sections Figs. 3, 4, 5,
If this form is applied to the fittings O D, these may be detached from each other by forcibly pulling them apart, but it is more convenient to detach them from each other by endwise movement, as described, after that the top fastening A B has first been undone. The busks may each be formed with the fittings out of one piece of sheet material, but I prefer, for the sake of cheapness of manufacture, to make the fittings separately and fix them on the busks.
What I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
The combination with two meeting edges adapted to move reciprocally in different planes, and a fastener composed of two complementary parts having their shanks turned in the same direction and provided with barbs OD and constructed to be brought one over the other in looking and to unlock by reciprocal motion in the direction of the meeting edges, of afastener composed of two complementary interlocking parts constructed to unlock by reciprocal motion at an angle to said meeting edges, one of said parts provided with an upturned flap A on each side holding the parts against motion in a direction parallel with such meeting edges, for the purpose set forth.
FRIEDRICH MAX LEIINIG.
V. JENSEN, T. F. BARNES.