|Publication number||US570911 A|
|Publication date||Nov 10, 1896|
|Filing date||Sep 14, 1895|
|Publication number||US 570911 A, US 570911A, US-A-570911, US570911 A, US570911A|
|Inventors||George Iiowlett Davis|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (8), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
@No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 1.
G. H. DAVIS. ELECTRICAL SELF PLAYING PIANO.
No. 570,911. Patented Nov. 10, 1896.
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(No Model) I 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.
G. H. DAVIS.
ELECTRICAL SELF PLAYING PIANO. No. 570,911. Patented Nov. 1o, 1896.
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UNITED STATES PATENT OEEIcE.
GEORGE HOW-LE'V DAVIS, OF NFY YORK, N. Y.
ELECTRICAL SELF-PLAYING PIANO.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 570,911, dated November 10, 1896.
Application filed September 14, 1895. Serial No. 562,477. (No model.)
To all whom t may concern:
13e it known that 1, GEORGE HowLErr DAvIs, a citizen of the United States, residing at New York, in the county of New York and State of New York, have invented a certain new, useful, and valuable Improvement in Electrical Self-Playing Pianos, of which the following is a full,clear,and exact description.
This invention relates to improvements in electrical self playing pianos such as described in an application for patent liled by G. H. Davis, dated .lune 1'7, 1895, Serial No. 553,162.
It is the purpose of Iny invention to provide an instrument of this character which will be extremely simple in construction, durable in operation, and inexpensive in its manufacture.
My invention relates more particularly to the Inusic-sheet holder, which is, in this instance, arranged and attached to the under side of the piano-keyboard in such a manner as to be easy of access and at the same time out of the way.
It is a further purpose of my invention to arrange the music-sheet holder in such manner that when the end of a piece has been reached the holder will be automatically released or unlatched, thereby allowing the same to drop downward in position for the music-sheet to be rewound; and the invention also relates to means for automaticallythrowing into gear the rewinding Inechanism as soon as the music-holder drops into its downward position.
To these and other ends the invention relates to the novel features of construction and combinations of parts hereinafter described, and finally pointed out in the claims.
1n order to enable others skilled in the art to make, use, and construct Iny inventioml will now describe the same in detail, reference being had for this purpose to the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure 1 is a plan view of the music-sheet holder complete. Fig. 2 is a side view of the music-sheet holder, showing its connection to the under side of the piano-keyboard, also showing the means for operating the pianolieys. Fig. 3 is a plan view of the bottom or base plate io which the music-sheet holderis hinged and latched, and Fig. l is a side view of the same.
Referring now to the drawings, the reference-numeral 1 indicates the base or bottom plate of the music-sheet holder, which is connected in any suitable manner to the under side of the piano-keyboard, as represented in Fig. 2, said plate being preferably of cast metal. The forward portion of this base-plate is provided at each side with projecting lugs 2, to which is hinged the music-sheet holder, which consists of the frame 3, carrying a loosely journaled receiving -roller 4c at its rear or free end and upon which the musicsheet is to be wound,as will presently appear. Said receiving-roller is provided at one end with a gear-wheel 1Gb, for a purpose presently to be explained. About midway of the frame is j ournaled a second roller 5, preferably of copper or brass and adapted to act as a ground for the electrical fingers hereinafter described. The front or hinged end of the music-holder frame is provided with sockets 7 to receive the music-roll, vwhich consists of a sheet of thin perforated paper wound upon a spool or core, which is readily attached to and detached from the sockets in an instant, so that when one piece has been played a second music-roll can be quickly applied.
rlhe socket G is loosely j ourn aled in the frame 3 and has attached to its outer end a pulley S, over which a belt 9 passes, said belt i) receiving its motion through the belt 10,which passes over double pulley 12, and the belt 10 receiving its motion from pulley 13, mounted upon shaft la, said shaft being actuated in any suitable manner. Upon the shaft 14 is mounted a small cone-pulley 15, and upon the shaft 1G of the base-plate is Inounted a large cone-pulley 17, and over these pulleys a belt 1S passes, said belt being adapted to impart motion to the cone-pulley 17, thus revolving the gear 1G on end of shaft 16, and as this gear is in mesh with the gear-wheel 161 on the roller at the noteshcet is drawn from its core or spool and wound upon said roller.
In order that the speed of the receivingroller i may be varied, l have made the pulleys 15 and 17 of cone shape and the one larger than the other, so that by shifting the belt 18 upon said pulleys, as will be readily IOO understood, the receiving-roller may be made to travel fast or slow, as desired, and in this manner the piece of music being played will be under the absolute control of the person having charge of the instrument.
ln order that the belt 1S may be easily shifted upon the cone-pulleys, 1 have provided a belt-shifter 1f), which is pivoted at 2O to the base-plate 1 or to the under side of the pianokeyboard, or otherwise, as desired, and its outer end terminates in a handle 21, whereby the shifter may be moved from right` to left, and vice versa, with the consequent shifting of t-he belt 18 upon the cone-pulleys 15 and 17.
lVhcn a piece of music has been played, it is necessary that the note-sheet be rewound upon its core or spool, and this rewinding operation takes place as follows: The musicholder is unlatched at its rear, as will be presently explained, and automatically swung down linto the position shown by dotted lines, Fig. 2, and the belt 9 placed over pulleys S and 1Q. Motion now being applied to shaft 14C will be communicated to pulley 12 through belt 10 and from pulley 12 to pulley S through springbelt 9, thereby rewinding the note-sheet. In order that this latter-named operation will not take place when the hinged frame is in its latched or operati ve position, I have provided a clutch upon the shaft 1i, said clutch being adapted to be moved laterally and engaged with and disengaged from the pulley 13 by means of a rocking rod 23, said rod being actuated by means oi' an arm 2i, carried by the hinged frame, so that when said frame is swung upward into operative position the arm 21 will engage with the end or bent portion 25 of the rocking rod and rock the saine, whereby the clutch 2; will be disengaged from the pulley 123, allowing the latter to run free, but as soon as the hinged fram e is brought down ward to the position shown in dotted lines, Fig. 2, the rocking rod will spring back to its normal position, throwing the clutch 22 into engagement with pulley 125, and the operation oi' rewinding the note-sheet will immediately and automatically take place.
The manner of operating the pian okeys according to thisinventien is as follows: l place one, two, or :more rows or tiers ot angle-irons 2G within the piano-frame, as seen in liig. 2, and to these angleirons are invertedly secured a series of electromagnets 27, having' their arm at ure-levers 2S pivoted tothe angleirons, and to the 'free ends of which are secured reciprocating rods 2%), which lie directly beneath the rear ends of the piano-keys 30, so that when the electromagnets are energized their arm attire-levers will be attracted, there by imparting a quick upward motion to the rods 2t), which motion is communicated tothe rear ends of the piano-keys, as will be readily understood, thereby actuating the same, and accordingly the strikers or hammers.
Upon the base-plate 1 is mounted an insulated block $51, carrying a series of electric lingers or contact-points 32, corresponding to the number of keys on the piano, and one additional finger to actuate the hinged frame presently to be described. These iingers or contact-points normally lie directly over and in contact with the brass roller 5, and each preferably made of two strands of thin or fine wire, so as to insure theA perfect working ol' the instrument.
An important feature of this invention is the arrangement `made :for automatically unlocking or unlatehing the hinged frame or music-sheet holder when the end ol a piece of music has been reached, and this mechanism is as follows: To each side of the base-plate 1 is pivoted a latch 33, which are connected to each other by means of a transverse rod E54-, so that both will lie actuated together, and upon the hinged frame are formed or mounted a pair of keepers 35, which automatically engage with the latches when the hinged frame is swung upward to its operativeposition and are retained thereby until the latches are operated, which is as follows: 'lo the transverse latch-rod 34C is secured a reciprocating rod 3G, to the rear end of which is secured an arma` ture 37, which is normally drawn backward by means of a spring S. This armature is attracted by the magnets 39, when the latter are energized, and the latch-rod 3lis automatically moved forward, thereby disengaging the latches from their keepers 35 and allowing the hinged frame to drop downward. In order that the magnets 59 shall be automatically energized and the latches accordingly actuated, it is only necessary to cut a small aperture in the note-sheet at the endol' the piece of music and in line with the extra contact-finger, heretofore referred to, so that when the piece has been played this .Ii nger will register with the aperture in the notesheet, make an electricalconnection with the roller 5, and energize magnet 3),with the consequent attraction of armature 217 and operation of latches 33, thereby allowing the hinged frame to automatically drop downward into the position shown by dotted lines, Fig. 2, and immediately upon dropping the clutch Q2 is actuated and the rewinding of the note-sheet automatically begun. The reciprocating latch-rod 3G is also provided with a forward extension and hooked .end 4:0, so that the latches may be operated by hand, if desired.
rlhe operation of my self-playing piano will be obvious from the foregoing description and the following brief statement: The perforated note-sheet il, which is furnished. ready-wound upon a core or spool, is fitted within the sockets G and 7 and its end is provided with an eye or loop that engages a hoek l2 upon rollert after the sheet has been placed over the roller 5 and beneath the contact-lingers It is to be noted that the ground roller is loosely journaled within the frame il, so as to readily turn therein as the note-sheet is drawn over the same, thereby always presenting a clean. surface tothe contact-iin gers. The roller et is new set in motion ICO IIO
as previously explained, the note-sheet drawn over the brass or copper roller 5, and the contact-iingers 32, finding their way through the perforations in said note-sheet, make electrical connections through the roller 5,battery 3,and electromagnets 2'7, attracting the armatures 2S and operating the piano-keys th rough the medium of the rods 29.
Various details and modiiications of my device may be readily made without departing from the spirit of my invention, and l therefore do not wish to be understood as limiting myself to the precise construction herein shown and described.
It will be obvious that my music-holder may be located at a distance from the piano as well as attached directly to the piano itself, and can be operated equally as well in this manner, it being only necessary in this event to make the wires longer and extend them to the point where the music-holder is located.
lVhat I claim, and desire to secure by lietters Patent, is
l. ln a self-playing musical instrument or the like, a music-sheet holder normally acting to move out of operative position, suitable latches for retaining` said music-sheet holder in operative position, and electromagnets arranged to operate the latches to release them. from engagement with the music-sheet holder, whereby the latter is allowed to move out of operative position, substantially as described.
2. In an electrical self-playing musical instrument or the like, the combination with a music-sheet holder retained in operative position by means of suitable latches, of a rotary contact-roller journaled upon the musicsheet holder, and an electromagnet arranged to operate the latches to release them from their engagement with the music-sheet holder whereby the latter is free to move automatically out of operative position, substantially as described. Y
In an electrical self-playing piano, the combination with the hinged note sheet holder normally acting to move out of operative position and means for advancing the note-sheet, of latches for retaining said holder in operative position, and means thrown into operation by the movement of the note-sheet holder for automatically rewinding the notesheet, substantially as described.
4, In an electrical self-playing piano, the combination with a hinged note-sheet holder adapted to be swung downward out of operative position, of a music-sheet spool and a receiving-roller carried by the note-sheet holder, a driving shaft and pulley, gearing intermediate the pulley and music-sheet spool for rewinding the note-sheet, a clutch on the driving-shaft, and means actuated by the movement of the note-sheet holder to throw the clutch into and out of engagement with the driving-pulley, as and for the purpose described.
5. In a self-playing musical instrument, the combination with a hinged note-sheet holder adapted to be swung downward out of operative position, ol' a music-sheetspool an d receiving -roller carried by the note-sheet holder, a driving shaft and pulley, gearing intermediate the pulley and music-sheet spool for rewindin g the note-sheet, a sliding clutch on the drive-shaft, a rocking rod engaging the sliding clutch, and an arm or projection carried by the note-sheet holder, said arm engaging with the rocking rod when the notesheet holder is moved, as and for the purpose described.
(i. ln a music-sheet holder for electrical self-playing pianos, the combination with a base-plate having a latch or latches pivoted thereto, of a note-sheet holder hinged to the base-plate and acting normally to drop downward out of operative position, keepers carried by the note-sheet holder and adapted to be engaged by the latches, an electromagnet carried by the base-plate, and an armature having a connection with the latches and adapted when attracted to release the musicsheet holder and allow the same to drop downward out of operative position, substantially as described.
7. ln a note-sheet holder for self-playing musical instruments, the combination with a base-plate, of a note-sheet holder hinged to the base-plate and carrying a delivering and a receiving roller, a gear-wheel mounted on the receiving-roller, and a pinion mounted upon a shaft carried by the base-plate, said gear-wheel being thrown into and out of mesh with the pinion by the upward and downward movement of the music-sheet holder, substantially as described.
S. ln a note-sheet holder for self-playing musical instruments, the combination with a base-plate, of a note-sheet holder hinged to the base-plate and carrying a delivery and a receiving roller, a gear-wheel mounted upon the receiving-roller, a pinion mounted upon a shaft carried by the base-plate and meshing` with the gear-wheel, a large cone-pulley also mounted upon said shaft, a drive-shaft, a small cone-pulley mounted upon the drivesha-ft, a belt passing over said cone-pulleys, and a belt-shifter adapted to move said belt upon the pulleys to regulate the speed of the receiving-roller, substantially as described.
9. ln a music-sheet holder, for electrical self-playing pianos, the combination with a base-plate secured to the piano and provided at each side with a pivoted latch, of a notesheet holder hinged at one end to said baseplate and adapted to be swung downward out of operative position, keepers mounted upon the hinged holder and adapted to be engaged by said latches, an eleetromagnet carried by the base-plate in rear of the latches, and an armature having a connection with the latches and adapted, when attracted by its electromagnet, to release said music-sheet holder and allow the same to drop downward out of operative position, substantially as described.
l0. In an electrical self-playing piano, the
combination with a suitable music sheet holder, of keepers carried by said holder, latches adapted to engage with the keepers to retain the holder in operative position, and an electromagnet connected in circuit and controlled by the music-sheet and adapted to automatically operate the latches to release the same 'from the keepers whereby the music-sheet holder is allowed to move out of operative position, substantially as described.
ll. ln an electrical self-playingl piano, the combination with a suitable music sheet holder normally actin g to move out of operative position, means for retaining said holder in operative position, and mechanism thrown into operation by the movement of the notesheet holder for automaticallyrewinding the note-sheet, substantially as described.
l2. In a note-sheet holder for self-playing` musical instruments, the combination with a suitable base-plate carrying a plurality ot' electrical contact-lingers, ol a note-sheet holder hinged to the base-plate and cariyingdelivery and receiving .rollers and a contactroller which bears against the contact-lingers when the said holder is in operative position, a gear-wheel mounted on the receiving-roller, a pinion mounted upon a shaft carried bythe base-plate, said gear-wheel bein g thrown .into and out ol' mesh with the pinion by the upward and downuf'ard movement of the musicsheet holder, substantially as described.
In testimonyv whereof l. aliix my siginiture in presence ol' two witnesses.
GEORGE ll(')\\"LE'l"l` DAYIS. Yitnesses:
J. F. Miiceiinoiix, W. ll. \VEI(K.
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