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Publication numberUS571869 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 24, 1896
Publication numberUS 571869 A, US 571869A, US-A-571869, US571869 A, US571869A
InventorsNelson Stow
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Flexible shaft
US 571869 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(No Model.)


No. 571,869. Patented Nov. 24, 1896.

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SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 571,869, dated November 24, 1896.

Application filed Decemher 27,1895. Serial No. 573,536. (No model.)

To 0; whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, NELSON STOW, a citi-.

zen of the United States, residing at Binghamton, in the county of Broome and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Flexible Shafts; and I do declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanyin g drawings, and to the letters and figures of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.

It is the object of my invention to provide a flexible shafting having a conical end ready for attachm out to a rotary socket or like driving means without requiring the grinding away or otherwise preparing the end of the shaft after it has been cut up into the proper length.

In the drawings, Figure l is a side Vii-3W showing a shaft in difierent stages of its construction and before it is cut up into lengths, the line a: as indicating where the long length is out to form the shafts of the desired lengths for use. Fig. 2 is a View of the shaft-section having the conical end ready for attachment to the socket or driving part. Fig. 3 is an end view of the improved conical end, and Fig. at is an end view of the old form of conical end. Fig. 5 is a View showing the outer layer not reduced.

In carrying out my invention I take a core 1, as shown in Fig. l, and wind wire about the same, and at certain points along this layer, that is, at the pointrg where the long length of shaft is "to to divided up into the proper lengths for use, I grind the wire down to about'one-fourth of its diameter, the grin ding being done in such a manner that a taper is formed from the full diameter in opposite directions down to the minimum diameter of this layer at the central point of the grinding. Over this layer a second layer of wire is wound in the opposite direction, and this layer is ground or filed down directly over the point of the former grinding or reduction, this producing also a reduced part tapering towardacen tral point. Any 11 umber of layers may be thus applied, each being wound in a direction opposite to that of the preceding and each being reduced 011 the taper and over the point at which the previous layer is reduced. After these layers have been wound I may, as shown in Fig. 5, wind an outside layer of square round rectangular cross-sectional wire, and this is not reduced in itself, but fits into the reduced part of the other layers. It will thus be seen that each of the internal layers is partly reduced at certain points and the total reduction does not have to be borne by any one layer, as it is distributed throughout the internal layers. After the long length is thus manufactured it is out up into the proper lengths as desired for use by cutting the shaft at the reduced part. This leaves a conical end on each of the sections, and both sections are thus adapted for attachment to the conical socket of the driver without further grinding.

It has been customary heretofore to form the shaft by layers cylindrical throughout and then to grind down the outer layer, as shown in Fig. 4, in order to fit the conical driving-socket. By my invention this grinding of the outside layer is entirely avoided, as it is only necessary to sever the shaft in the center of the reduced part, which will give a tapered end on each of the severed sections adapted to the tapered socket of the driving spindle or arbor without fitting or further grinding or reducing.

By my invention each grinding of the shaft forms two shaft ends or rather fits the shaft for final formation of the shaft ends by cut ting the long length up into sections. The shaft end may be fitted in the socket by brazing or in any other suitable way.

The shaft is rendered elastic, and I am enabled to make a straight braze. The square wire on the outside makes a better bearing in the socket.

I claim- 1. A flexible shaft composed of layers of wire, the internal layers being reduced to form a tapered portion.

2. A flexible shaft composed of layers and having a reduced or tapered portion, the layeris of the same diameterthroughout,sub reduction or grinding being distributed stantially as described. to throughout the layers, substantially as de- In testimony whereof I affix my signature scribed. V in presence of two Witnesses.

3. A flexible shafting having a tapered or NELSON STOYV, reduced part and formed of layers the internal layers being tapered or reduced at the reduced part of the shaft While the outer *itnesses:


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2875597 *Nov 18, 1954Mar 3, 1959Teleflex IncFlexible cable
US3485079 *Jan 26, 1968Dec 23, 1969Pennsalt Chemicals CorpMethod for forming parallel square and taper-ended flexible shafting
US4344462 *May 23, 1980Aug 17, 1982CoflexipFlexible tubular conduit
US6464588Aug 30, 2000Oct 15, 2002S. S. White Technologies Inc.Flexible shaft with helical square end
US6881150Nov 5, 2002Apr 19, 2005S. S. White Technologies Inc.Wire wound flexible shaft having extended fatigue life and method for manufacturing the same
US6990720Feb 14, 2005Jan 31, 2006S.S. White Technologies Inc.Wire wound flexible shaft having extended fatigue life and method for manufacturing the same
US7089724Feb 7, 2005Aug 15, 2006S.S. White Technologies Inc.Flexible push/pull/rotary cable
US20050170896 *Feb 14, 2005Aug 4, 2005Schwartz Richard J.Wire wound flexible shaft having extended fatigue life and method for manufacturing the same
US20100318130 *Dec 2, 2008Dec 16, 2010Parlato Brian DFlexible rod assembly for spinal fixation