Half to geo
US 572160 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
(No Model.) I
D. F. GRAHAM.
No. 572,160. Patented Dec: 1, 1896.
(I Z a m mwroz Z W 8 W I WITNESSES UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE;
DAVID F. GRAHAM, OF SPRINGFIELD, MASSACHUSETTS, ASSIGN OR OF ONE- I'IALF TO GEO. D. CHAMBERLAIN, OF SAME PLACE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 572,160, dated December 1, 1896. Application filed February 13, 1896. Serial N: 579,155. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, DAVID F. GRAHAM,a citizen of the United States, residing at Springfield, in the county of Hampden and State of Hassachusettshave invented certain new and useful Improvements in Stopper- Locks, of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawings.
The objects of my invention are to provide a fastening or combination lock for the stopper of bottles to prevent the bottles from being opened by unauthorized persons having no knowledge of the combination without destroying the bail or hasp of the lock, and also to reduce the cost of the class of bottle-fastenings by simplifying its construction. I attain these objects by the construction illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which- I Figure 1 is a vertical central section of the upper portion of a bottle provided witha fastening-lock constructed in accordance with my invention, the section being through the bail or hasp of the lock. Fig. 2 is a vertical central section of the same, taken through the bail at right angles with that shown in Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the upper portion of the bottle and its combination-lock. Fig. 4 is a side view of the inner sleeve of the lock. Fig. 5 is a side View of the bail or hasp of the lock. Fig. 6 is a horizontal section, on line x of Fig. 2, through the inner sleeve and one of the stationary rings of the lock. .Fig. 7 is a top view of one of the mov able rings. Fig. 8 is a top view of one of the stationary rings.
The stopper-lock consists of a sleeve B, having a circumferentially-projecting head b, preferably beveled on its top and having letters or numerals on said beveled top. In
' the present instance the numerals or numbers are successively from 1 to .13, and corresponding with each number there is a small vertical notch or indentation b on the periphery of said head. Encircling the sleeve B under its head is placed movably thereon a ring O, having a single vertical notch c on its periphery. Under the ring O there is placed upon the sleeve B a ring F, that is nonmovable thereon, as it has a feather f, that enters into engagement with a groove b made vertically in the side of said sleeve, but said ring F has thirteen notches in its periphery corresponding with the notches in the periph- 5 5 ery of the head of the sleeve. Under the ring F there is a revoluble ring D, having on its periphery a notch cl. Under the ring D there is a non-revoluble ring G, having thirteen notches on its periphery and an internal 6o feather f. Under the ring G there is a revoluble ring E, having on its peripherya notch 6. Under the ring E there is a non-revolublering H, that may have a feather, as shown at f in the rings F and G, or may be internally screw-threaded to engage with the screw-threaded lower end of the sleeve B to retain all the rings connected to said sleeve before said parts of the lock are placed in a suitable recess in the neck of the mold used to produce the bottle A.
To complete the lock, the bail or hasp K is used, which consists of two parallel cylindrical or wire-like branches is, having on the outer side of each one a series of notches k to receive and enter into engagement with the rings O D E when the bottle is locked; but to permit the insertion of the branches is of the hasp within the lock each one of the revoluble rings 0 DE isinternally provided with vertical grooves m of preferably semi- I cylindrical form and diametrically opposite each other. Each one of the. non-revoluble rings F G H is also internally provided with vertical grooves n, similarly formed and located as the grooves m. The periphery of the sleeve B is also provided lengthwise thereof with two grooves 1.) 'to receive the inner sides of the branches 7a of the bail. The upper ends of said branches are united together by v a preferably fiat bar 10 integral therewith to complete the bail and -rest upon the cork stopper S, and said upper ends are made thin or notched at k to facilitate the breaking of the bail at either one of these points when a person has to break the bail or hasp of the look if he is not acquainted with the-combination thereof.
As one of the objects of this invention is to prevent the refilling and relocking of the mo bottle by other persons than those who first filled it with a liquid of their manufacture, it
is not intended, in that case, that the user should know the combination, but can readily open bottle by breaking hasp. A great many combinations can be made with the three rings and the thirteen numbers, in this case, and each lock having a certain combination can be stamped with a certain letter or symbol, the meaning of which can be kept in the books of the manufacturer of the liquid, so that if the empty bottles are returned to the establishment the proper combination can be made with the rings of the lock and the stumps 7a of the broken hasp removed, leaving the bottle in proper condition to be refilled and locked with a new hasp.
The body of the lock cannot be removed from the neck of the bottle without breaking the latter into small fragments, as the bottom of its sleeve B rests upon a, shoulder a? of said neck and the head of said sleeve is in engagement under a shoulder (5, formed on said neck.
Having now fully described my invention, I claim- 1. In combination with a bottle having top and bottom shoulders projecting from its neck, a lock between said shoulders, said lock consisting of a, sleeve havingavertical groove in its side and a head projecting laterally from said sleeve, a series of rings revoluble upon said sleeve and having internal grooves, intermediate rings, each having a feather, and a hasp having notches in the outer face of its branches substantiallyas described.
2. In combination with abottle having top and bottom shoulders projecting from its neck, a lock between said shoulders, said lock consisting of a sleeve having ahead projecting laterally therefrom, a series of rings revoluble upon said sleeve each having inter-