US 573759 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
S. P. BROWN.
No. 573,759. Patented Dec. 22, 1896.
Iig, l. Page e.
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UNITED STATES PATENT OEEICE.
SILAS P. BROW'N, OF OANOTA, SOUTH DAKOTA.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 573,759, dated December 22, 1896.
Application filed May 16, 1896. Serial No. 591,774. (No model.)
To @ZZ 1071/0111, it may concern:
Be it known that I, SILAs P. BROWN, of Canova, in the county of Miner and State of South Dakota, have invented a new and lmproved Molasses-Pitcher, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.
This invention relates to a class of tableware used to hold syrup or molasses for use as a confection at meals, and has for its object to provide a novel simple molasses-pitcher that is especially well adapt-ed for its service, the features of improvement adapting the novel device to freely deliver its contents in the act of pouring the molasses therefrom and preventany exterior escape of slight drippings that may occur, returning the latter to the body of the pitcher.
A further obj ect is to provide improved means for excluding insects from any part of the interior of the covered pitcher.
The invention consists in the construction and combination of parts, as is hereinafter described, and pointed out in the claims.
Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, in which similar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the figures.
Figure 1 is a side view of the improved pitcher. Fig. 2 is a sectional side view substantially on the line2 2 in Fig. 3. .Fig 3 is a plan view of the device. Fig. 4 is a sectional pla-n view substantially7 on the line a 4. in Fig. 2. Fig. 5 is a partly-sectional side view of details taken, essentially, on the line 5 5 in Fig. 3. Fig. G-is a rear View of the upper portion of the pitcher seen in direction of arrow G in Fig. 1, showing the relative arrangement of the tripping-handles for the lids of the pitcher. Fig. 7 is a detached perspective view of the rear edge portion on the outer cover of the pitcher, showing' the construction of a thumb-piece thereon; and Fig. Sis a like view of the lid proper for the pitcher and of two spaced limbs thereon that afford means for its manipulation.
In the drawings showing an embodiment of the invention the receiving vessel 10, that is, the body of the pitcher, is shown as having a cylindrical form, but this is not imperative, as the improvements may be readily applied to a pitcher-body having a different conformation. Any available material may be used in the manufacture of the body 10 and integral parts of the same, such as glass, porcelain, or sheet metal, the device represented having the body shown as made of vitreous material.
The upper open end of the pitcher-body 10 is furnished with a lip o, that projects forwardly a suiiicient degree to render it effective for the free discharge of the liquid content-s of the pitcher, the upper edge of the vessel curving rearward and slightly downward from the center of the lip, so as to raise the side walls adjacent to the lip and thus prevent a lateral discharge of the molasses in the act of pouring it over the lip. At a correct distance from the lip o there is a dripcatching trough 11, formed on or secured 11o the outer surface of the body 10, and said trough has a guard-flange 1 1LL projecting inward and slightly downward from the upper edge of the trough, as is clearly shown in Fig. 2.
The trough 11 may extend around from the front to the rear of the body 10, but preferably it is terminated at a point somewhat behind the longitudinal axis of the body 10 at each side of the latter, and at the rear ends of the chann el or trough the wall of the pitcher is perforated, as shown at b in Figs. 2 and 4. Preferably the bottom surface of the trough 11 is downwardly inclined from the front rearward on each side, as indicated by a dotted line in Fig. 2, so as to facilitate the return of any drippings of molasses or the like that may fall from the lip a int-o the body of the pitcher through the perfor-ations Z) therein.
There is a pitcher-lid 12 provided which lits closely over the upper edge of said vessel, and preferably a depending border-flange c is formed on the edge of this lid, which iiange has a shearing engagement with the sloped edge of the lid a, and is thus adapted to cleanly cut off thc flow of the viscid liquid when the act of pouring it over the lip ceases. The lid 12 has ahinged engagement with a hingesection d, that is secured on the body 10 above the handle 10, that projects from said body at its rear.
Another cover 13 is furnished for the pitcher, which is so ohambered on its lower side as to allow it to receive within its cavity the portion of the pitcher that projects above the IOO The lid 12 has two limbs c e projectedv from its rear edge at the point where the joint ears f thereon embrace the joint barrel of the hinge-section d, and the cover 13 is furnished with a single thumb-piece g, that is apertured correctly to adapt it to receive the upper limb e and loosely embrace the joint portion of both limbs e e', the pivot h, that isthe fulcrum of the lid 12, also affording a pivot for the cover 13 by its projection through the joint ears i on the latter. peculiar construction and arrangement provided for the pivotal connection of the lid 12 and cover 13 with vthe body 10 the lid and cover may be rocked on the same pivot i' and for a short distance move independently. In use, however, the thumb piece g is iirst pressed down, which will elevate the cover 13 independently until the lower limb e on the lid 12 is impin ged by the thumb-piece. A continuation ot' pressure on the latter will rock both the lid and cover sufficiently in an upward direction to permit molasses or the like to be poured from the vessel.
In filling the pitcher it is best to avoid an introduction of the molasses above the line x in Fig. 2, and thus avoid the lateral escape of the liquid through the perforations b into the trough 11, and it will be seen that there will be-no outflow at said points when the liquid is poured from the pitcher, as the inclination of the vessel will induce the liquid to assume by gravity the diagonal line y 'y on its top surface and thus be removed from the holes b, as clearly shown in Fig. 2. Vhen the operation of pouring is suspended, the cutting off of the viscid liquid may beenforced by pressure on the upper limb e of the lid 12, the thumb-piece g being then partly depressed to permit the free manipulation of said limb. The guard ange 11a, that overhangsA the By reason of theV trough 1 1, serves to prevent any escape of drip? pageV from thetop of the'trou'ghdu'ringthe act of pouring liquid from the pitcher, so that if there should be a slight escape of the molasses at the lip d when the lid 12 is closed it'will be effectually prevented from leaving the upper edge of the trough 1l and by gravity will eventually enter the pitcher again, as before explained.
Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent- 1. The combination with a pitcher, of a hinged lid having a depending iange, adapted to cut off the flow of liquid from the pitcher, and also provided with spaced limbs at its rear edge, the upper limb affording means for enforcing the closure ofthe lid, substantially as described.
2. The combination with a pitcher, of a lid" and a cover for the pitcher, said cover receivet. The combination with a'bodyportion, of
two indepen dently-movable members pivoted thereto and on the same axis, one member having two limbs projecting from a point adjacent to the axis, andthe second member having a thumb-piece independently movable in the space between the two limbs, substantially as described.
SILAS P. BROW'N. lVitnesses:
EDMUND G'. JAMIsoN, GEO. H. J AMISON.