|Publication number||US5748087 A|
|Application number||US 08/701,499|
|Publication date||May 5, 1998|
|Filing date||Aug 1, 1996|
|Priority date||Aug 1, 1996|
|Publication number||08701499, 701499, US 5748087 A, US 5748087A, US-A-5748087, US5748087 A, US5748087A|
|Inventors||Thomas R. Ingargiola, William Milidantri|
|Original Assignee||Ingargiola; Thomas R., Milidantri; William|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (12), Referenced by (75), Classifications (17), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to a remote personal security system. More specifically, the invention is a system for monitoring the whereabouts of a person incapable of identifying their location within a limited proximity; and alarming both the person and a overseer via a remote alarm device.
2. Description of the Prior Art
The prior art purports numerous devices for alerting a parent or guardian when a child exceeds boundary limits. For example, U.S. Pat. No. 5,289,163, issued Feb. 22, 1994 to Perez et al., discloses an alarm system that provides a continuous signal emitted from a transmitter carried by a child, and a remoter receiver carried by the parent. The receiver, via a triangulation process, alarms the parent when the child has left a predetermined proximity range, and provides a general indication of the direction the child has gone. U.S. Pat. No. 5,086,290, issued Feb. 4, 1992 to Murray et al, discloses a transmitter carried by the monitored person, and a receiver carried by the monitoring person; the transmitter emits a coded range signal, the receiver has IN/OUT range determination and tracking modes. U.S. Pat. No. 5, 115,223, issued May 19, 1992 to Moody, discloses a self contained residential monitoring and tracking system for monitoring whether an individual (e.g., an Alzheimer's patient) has exceeded a predetermined boundary limit and for indicating the direction the individual strayed. U.S. Pat. No. 5,264,828, issued Nov. 23, 1993 to Meiksin et al. and U.S. Pat. No. 5,365,217, issued Nov. 15, 1994 to Toner, each discloses a carrier actuated emergency signal transmitter for alerting authorities during medical or physical emergencies. U.S. Pat. No. 5,343,190, issued Aug. 30, 1994 to Rodgers, discloses novelty type footwear having lights and/or sounds. U.S. Pat. No. 5,500,635, issued Mar. 19, 1996 to Mott, discloses a piezoelectric sensor for actuating light elements in various articles. E.P.O. Patent Document No. 335,467, published Oct. 4, 1989 to Heister et al., discloses lighted footwear. United Kingdom Patent Document No. 2,121,219, published Dec. 14, 1983 to Wu, discloses footwear having cadence pacing and distance counting features.
None of the above inventions and patents, taken either singly or in combination, is seen to describe the instant invention as claimed.
The prior art provides many efforts to monitoring the whereabouts, within a predetermined range, of an individual. More often the primary purpose of these devices are for monitoring children while with their parents or guardians. Other types of devices are also often used, such as leash like tethers, matching apparel, etc. Applicant has found that though the prior art devices offer some security, it is more important to have a complete sense of security. Specifically, applicant has found that the present invention will serve as a greater deterrent to child abduction and as a remedy for lost children. Additionally, the present will stop child abduction in the first few moments a child is seized.
Accordingly, it is a principal object of the invention to provide a system for monitoring the location of an individual within a predetermined boundary range.
It is another object of the invention to provide a system for monitoring the location of an individual within a predetermined boundary range having visual and audio alarms.
It is a further object of the invention to provide a system for monitoring the location of an individual within a predetermined boundary range having visual and audio alarms at both the monitoring individual and the monitored individual.
Still another object of the invention is to provide a system for monitoring the location of an individual within a predetermined boundary range having visual and audio alarms at both the monitoring individual and the monitored individual; where the monitored individual has a pair of the visual and audio alarms.
It is a further object of the invention to provide a system for monitoring the location of an individual within a predetermined boundary range having visual and audio alarms at both the monitoring individual and the monitored individual; where the monitored individual has a pair of the visual and audio alarms strategically located integral with the footwear.
It is an object of the invention to provide improved elements and arrangements thereof in an apparatus for the purposes described which is inexpensive, dependable and fully effective in accomplishing its intended purposes.
These and other objects of the present invention will become readily apparent upon further review of the following specification and drawings.
FIG. 1 is an environmental view of the present invention in use, e.g., by a parent and a child.
FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective view of one shoe of a pair of shoes utilizing the system of the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the handheld unit portion of the present invention.
FIG. 4 is a block diagram of the present invention.
Similar reference characters denote corresponding features consistently throughout the attached drawings.
The present invention provides security for parents or care-givers to those who are less likely to understand the immediate environment may be hostile. Referring to FIG. 1, a parent 10 of child 12 can monitor the whereabouts of the child 12 in a crowded environment, such as playground, park, mall, airport, etc. The parent 10 has a radio frequency link 14 with the child 12. This RF link 14 sounds audible and visual alarms at the parent 10 having a first housing unit 20 and simultaneously actuates audible and visual alarms at the child 12 having footwear 30 equipped with such. In this, the preferred embodiment, the visual alarms are brightly flashing red Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs). Also, the audible alarms of the preferred embodiment are electronically produced warbling, modulating, or beeping tones.
Referring to FIG. 4 the operation of the system of the present invention is set forth. Handheld unit 20 is generally a compact portable device. The handheld unit 20 internally houses a power source 56 for supplying the necessary electrical power to the components discussed herein. The unit also include an RF transmitter 62 that emits a "find" signal, preferably in the FM band, on demand via the pushbutton switch 24, to the second unit 30. The second unit 30 includes two identical sections, each section carried as an integral part of the footwear. For illustrative purposes only one section of second unit 30 is shown. The handheld unit 20 also includes a receiver 60 that receives a "location" signal from either one or both sections of the second unit 30. Upon receipt of a "location" signal, the receiver 60 actuates an alarm device 58, which produces an audible sound signal via speakers 26 and a visual signal via LED 26A.
It is also noted, that the receiver 60 of the handheld unit 20 is particularly responsive to a simultaneously received signal from both footwear sections for generating the alarm indications. Specifically, each section of the second unit is provide with a pushbutton type switch 54A. These switches 54A, when pushed, actuate the transmitters to send a predetermined specified "location" signal to receiver 60. Upon receipt of the specified "location" signal, the handheld unit 20 produces a higher frequency alarm alerting the parent 10 that the child 12 is in trouble. This feature provides the child 12 with the ability to call the parent 10 on demand if the child 12 finds himself lost or abducted.
Each section of the second unit 30 has a receiver 52 that is responsive to the transmitted "find" signal. Upon receipt of the "find" signal, an auditory alarm 44 via speakers (note FIG. 2) is generated. Likewise, a visual alarm 46 via LEDs (note FIG. 2) is illuminated. Also, each section of unit 30 has a respective RF transmitter 54 that generates the "location" signal, preferably in the FM band. It is conventional in the art to use different frequencies and frequency modulations within the allowed FM band so that each individual system operates independently without any interference from any other system of the present invention. All the components of each section of second unit 30 are energized by a power source 42.
As seen in FIG. 3, the handheld unit 20 is as a compact rectangular box housing. On the top of the unit 20 is a key chain and ring 18. It is understood that the key chain and ring 18 is an optional feature, any other feature (including none) is solely at the discretion of the artisan. The front of unit 20 has a pushbutton switch 24 for on demand actuation of the transmitter 62. In addition, the front of unit 20 supports a pair of controls 22, a first control establishes the range boundary limit in predetermined increments. For example, the incremental change is ten feet, then by pressing the control upwards increases the boundary range by ten feet (i.e., if the default range is 20 feet, then pressing the control upwards three times increases the range to 50 feet). Likewise, pressing the control downwardly decreases the range by the specified increment. The range adjustment control operates the transmission power of the transmitter 62 and the sensitivity of receiver 60. The other control adjusts the volume of the auditory alarm 58 outputted through the speaker 26. Illustratively shown on the side of unit 20 is an access cover for replacing the battery for power supply 56.
Referring to FIG. 2, the second unit 30 of the system is shown, although only a single section (i.e., one shoe of a pair) is set forth. It is understood that the second section (i e., the other shoe will have the same components and configuration as illustrated and described with reference to this figure. The second unit 30 generally is a shoe, typically an athletic type shoe however, any type of footwear is suitable for the present invention. The shoe has an upper portion 32 and a lower or sole portion 34. The lower or sole portion 34, is generally formed of rubber or other synthetic resilient material through a conventional molding process. During such molding process, the majority of the components are arranged and disposed in the lower or sole portion 34. A circuit board 40 is secured in a circuit board chamber 48. Also, a battery for the power supply 42 is deposited in a battery chamber 50. Additionally, in an easily accessible location on each shoe, preferably shown in the heel region of the upper, pushbutton type switch 54A is disposed. The switch 54A provides the transmission of the specified "location" signal. Optionally, another switch (not shown) is provided in each section of the second unit for turning the power on or off for battery conservation.
The visual alarm, in the preferred arrangement, consists of six LEDs 46 (preferably red flashing type) that are disposed in transparent or near transparent ports 38. The ports 38 are positioned about the lower or sole portion 34 so as to afford the highest possible visibility when illuminated. Thus the ports 38 are preferably set as two in the bottom, and two on each side of the shoe. The two in the bottom allow the parent (or passerby) 10 to see the illuminated LEDs 46 as the child 12 moves away. The side LEDs 46 aid in the visual location of the child 12 by alerting passersby that the child 12 is being sought by the parent (or guardian) 10 holding the handheld unit 20.
The upper portion 32, conventionally formed of any suitable material (e.g., canvas, leather, rubber, or synthetic), according to conventional formation processes. During the formation process of the second unit 30, a pair of speakers 44 are mounted therein, at a position illustratively shown as speaker ports 36. The speakers 44 emit an audible signal that can be heard several tens of feet away. Additionally, the receiver 60 of the handheld unit 20 provides a demand signal to the transmitter 62 for actuating the transmitter 62. Thus, sending a signal to the second unit 30 whenever a signal is received from the second unit 30 indicating the boundary limit has been crossed.
It is to be understood that the present invention is not limited to the sole embodiment described above, but encompasses any and all embodiments within the scope of the following claims.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4593273 *||Mar 16, 1984||Jun 3, 1986||Narcisse Bernadine O||Out-of-range personnel monitor and alarm|
|US4598272 *||Aug 6, 1984||Jul 1, 1986||Cox Randall P||Electronic monitoring apparatus|
|US5086290 *||Mar 8, 1990||Feb 4, 1992||Murray Shawn G||Mobile perimeter monitoring system|
|US5115223 *||Sep 20, 1990||May 19, 1992||Moody Thomas O||Personnel location monitoring system and method|
|US5264828 *||Oct 23, 1992||Nov 23, 1993||Parksafe, Inc.||Personal security alarm system|
|US5289163 *||Sep 16, 1992||Feb 22, 1994||Perez Carla D||Child position monitoring and locating device|
|US5343190 *||Sep 15, 1992||Aug 30, 1994||Rodgers Nicholas A||Signalling footwear|
|US5365217 *||Feb 20, 1992||Nov 15, 1994||Frank J. Toner||Personal security system apparatus and method|
|US5500635 *||Nov 10, 1994||Mar 19, 1996||Mott; Jonathan C.||Products incorporating piezoelectric material|
|US5557259 *||Apr 10, 1995||Sep 17, 1996||Musa; John S.||Proximity alert and direction indicator|
|EP0335467A1 *||Mar 28, 1989||Oct 4, 1989||Intermedium B.V.||Footwear|
|GB2121219A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5963131 *||Aug 4, 1998||Oct 5, 1999||Lexent Technologies, Inc.||Anti-theft device with alarm screening|
|US6114963 *||Oct 19, 1999||Sep 5, 2000||Blake; Whitney||Portal monitoring and alarm system|
|US6118376 *||Feb 1, 1999||Sep 12, 2000||Regester; Mark Christian||Golf club tracking device and method|
|US6208269||Dec 29, 1999||Mar 27, 2001||The Boeing Company||Automatically activated rescue radio and associated method|
|US6265974 *||Jul 30, 1999||Jul 24, 2001||Lexent Technologies, Inc.||Systems and methods for monitoring spatial relationship between mobile objects|
|US6570504 *||Sep 17, 2001||May 27, 2003||Michael C. Rabanne||System for tracking possessions|
|US6788200 *||Oct 21, 2002||Sep 7, 2004||Mitchell W Jamel||Footwear with GPS|
|US6989748 *||Jun 17, 2002||Jan 24, 2006||Mrsi International, Inc.||Battery with integrated tracking device|
|US7002473||Dec 17, 2003||Feb 21, 2006||Glick Larry D||Loss prevention system|
|US7046141||Apr 30, 2004||May 16, 2006||Basix Holding, Llc||Radio frequency object locator system|
|US7064663||Apr 30, 2003||Jun 20, 2006||Basix Holdings, Llc||Radio frequency object locator system|
|US7098786 *||Jul 2, 2004||Aug 29, 2006||Motorola, Inc.||Mechanism for providing automatic item coupling with the coupling range determined by context information|
|US7114822||Nov 12, 2004||Oct 3, 2006||Bbc International, Ltd.||Article of footwear with remote sound activating unit|
|US7178929||Nov 12, 2004||Feb 20, 2007||Bbc International, Ltd.||Light and sound producing system|
|US7265666||Nov 1, 2004||Sep 4, 2007||Sayo Isaac Daniel||Footwear covert alarm and locator apparatus|
|US7579946 *||Apr 20, 2006||Aug 25, 2009||Nike, Inc.||Footwear products including data transmission capabilities|
|US7596891||Mar 30, 2006||Oct 6, 2009||Adidas International Marketing B.V.||Shoe housing|
|US7714709 *||Jun 4, 2007||May 11, 2010||Sayo Isaac Daniel||Modular plug and wear covert alarm locator apparatus|
|US7920059||Jan 6, 2009||Apr 5, 2011||Global Trek Xploration Corp.||Footwear with embedded tracking device and method of manufacture|
|US7924152 *||Feb 1, 2007||Apr 12, 2011||Sayo Isaac Daniel||Interactive video gaming footwear including means for transmitting location information to a remote party|
|US7980009||Aug 27, 2009||Jul 19, 2011||Adidas International Marketing B.V.||Shoe housing|
|US8035560||Nov 20, 2008||Oct 11, 2011||Adrian Glodz||System and apparatus for tracking a person or an animal|
|US8077030||Aug 8, 2008||Dec 13, 2011||Global Trek Xploration Corp.||Tracking system with separated tracking device|
|US8130116 *||Aug 26, 2008||Mar 6, 2012||Daigle Harold S||Mobile telephone tracking system|
|US8231487||May 11, 2010||Jul 31, 2012||Adidas International Marketing B.V.||Bladder|
|US8258941||Jul 21, 2009||Sep 4, 2012||Nike, Inc.||Footwear products including data transmission capabilities|
|US8458929||Jun 14, 2011||Jun 11, 2013||Adidas International Marketing B.V.||Shoe housing|
|US8461979||Aug 1, 2012||Jun 11, 2013||Nike, Inc.||Footwear products including data transmission capabilities|
|US8696520||Mar 8, 2013||Apr 15, 2014||Adidas Ag||Data transfer systems|
|US8862053 *||Sep 24, 2011||Oct 14, 2014||Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd.||Semiconductor device, communication system, and method of charging the semiconductor device|
|US8902060 *||Oct 16, 2012||Dec 2, 2014||Global Trek Xploration Corp.||Footwear with embedded tracking device and method of manufacture|
|US9032647||May 13, 2013||May 19, 2015||Adidas Ag||Shoe housing|
|US9301573 *||Jun 28, 2012||Apr 5, 2016||Elijah Clementy Jasmine||Modular footwear display apparatus|
|US9694247||Feb 12, 2014||Jul 4, 2017||Adidas Ag||Ball for a ball sport|
|US20030011478 *||Jun 17, 2002||Jan 16, 2003||Rabanne Michael C.||Battery with integrated tracking device|
|US20040130451 *||Oct 27, 2003||Jul 8, 2004||Edwina Cowell||Locator system for a child|
|US20040178906 *||Mar 12, 2003||Sep 16, 2004||Vaughan Billy S.||Distance monitoring system using dual timers|
|US20040217859 *||Apr 30, 2003||Nov 4, 2004||Donald Pucci||Radio frequency object locator system|
|US20040246129 *||Jun 3, 2003||Dec 9, 2004||Goggin Christopher M.||Master signal generator with allied servant units to detect range between the master signal transmitter and the allied servant units|
|US20050088302 *||Apr 30, 2004||Apr 28, 2005||Basix Holdings Llc||Radio frequency object locator system|
|US20050134459 *||Dec 17, 2003||Jun 23, 2005||Glick Larry D.||Loss prevention system|
|US20050174243 *||Feb 10, 2004||Aug 11, 2005||Katherine Musil||Emergency alarm for shoes|
|US20050200487 *||Mar 4, 2005||Sep 15, 2005||O'donnell Ryan||Methods and devices for monitoring the distance between members of a group|
|US20060001527 *||Jul 2, 2004||Jan 5, 2006||Motorola, Inc.||Mechanism for providing automatic item coupling with the coupling range determined by context information|
|US20060104046 *||Nov 12, 2004||May 18, 2006||Bbc International, Ltd.||Article of footwear with remote sound activating unit|
|US20060104047 *||Nov 12, 2004||May 18, 2006||Bbc International, Ltd.||Light and sound producing system|
|US20060132314 *||Dec 6, 2004||Jun 22, 2006||Sokrethya Sok||Safety alarm for use with footwear|
|US20060283050 *||Mar 30, 2006||Dec 21, 2006||Adidas International Marketing B.V.||Shoe housing|
|US20070001803 *||Aug 23, 2004||Jan 4, 2007||Plamoottil Thomas J||Personal proximity network|
|US20070205886 *||Mar 1, 2006||Sep 6, 2007||Huseth Steve D||RF/acoustic person locator system|
|US20070241887 *||Apr 11, 2006||Oct 18, 2007||Bertagna Patrick E||Buoyant tracking device and method of manufacture|
|US20070247306 *||Apr 20, 2006||Oct 25, 2007||Nike, Inc.||Footwear products including data transmission capabilities|
|US20090115601 *||Jan 6, 2009||May 7, 2009||Bertagna Patrick E||Footwear with embedded tracking device and method of manufacture|
|US20090167536 *||Sep 7, 2006||Jul 2, 2009||Cecil Clark||Personal Safety System|
|US20090284368 *||Jul 21, 2009||Nov 19, 2009||Nike, Inc.||Footwear Products Including Data Transmission Capabilities|
|US20090313857 *||Aug 27, 2009||Dec 24, 2009||Adidas International Marketing B.V.||Shoe Housing|
|US20100033321 *||Aug 8, 2008||Feb 11, 2010||Kaminski Joseph W||Tracking system with separated tracking device|
|US20110047828 *||Sep 2, 2010||Mar 3, 2011||Gary Stephen Shuster||Remotely controlled footwear disruptor|
|US20120019192 *||Sep 24, 2011||Jan 26, 2012||Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd.||Semiconductor device, communication system, and method of charging the semiconductor device|
|US20130008058 *||Jun 28, 2012||Jan 10, 2013||Elijah Clementy Jasmine||Modular footwear display apparatus|
|US20130043994 *||Oct 16, 2012||Feb 21, 2013||Gtx Corp||Footwear with embedded tracking device and method of manufacture|
|US20140355255 *||May 27, 2014||Dec 4, 2014||Cheng-Chung Hsu||Light emitting shoe|
|US20150029005 *||Jul 27, 2013||Jan 29, 2015||Jill Kim||Remotely Activated Illuminated Shoe|
|USRE40879 *||Jul 27, 2006||Aug 25, 2009||Gtx Corp||Footwear with GPS|
|USRE41087 *||Sep 6, 2006||Jan 26, 2010||Gtx Corp||Footwear with GPS|
|USRE41102 *||Sep 7, 2006||Feb 9, 2010||Gtx Corp||Footwear with GPS|
|USRE41122 *||Aug 17, 2006||Feb 16, 2010||Gtx Corp||Footwear with GPS|
|WO2003069365A1 *||Feb 11, 2003||Aug 21, 2003||Mark Luccketti||Method and apparatus for locating missing persons|
|WO2006055065A1 *||Aug 18, 2005||May 26, 2006||Bbc International, Ltd.||Article of footwear with remote sound activating unit|
|WO2006055066A1 *||Aug 18, 2005||May 26, 2006||Bbc International, Ltd.||Light and sound producing system|
|WO2006060100A2 *||Nov 1, 2005||Jun 8, 2006||Sayo Isaac Daniel||Footwear covert alarm and locator apparatus|
|WO2006060100A3 *||Nov 1, 2005||Nov 16, 2006||Sayo Isaac Daniel||Footwear covert alarm and locator apparatus|
|WO2007028997A2 *||Sep 7, 2006||Mar 15, 2007||Royal National Lifeboat Institution||Personal safety system|
|WO2007028997A3 *||Sep 7, 2006||May 31, 2007||Cecil Clark||Personal safety system|
|WO2015141198A1 *||Mar 12, 2015||Sep 24, 2015||株式会社デンソー||Walking control device and shoe for driving automobile|
|U.S. Classification||340/573.7, 340/539.1, 340/539.21, 340/686.6, 340/539.23|
|International Classification||A43B3/00, G08B21/02|
|Cooperative Classification||A43B3/0005, G08B21/023, A43B3/0021, G08B21/0288, A43B3/001|
|European Classification||A43B3/00E, A43B3/00E30, A43B3/00E10, G08B21/02A7, G08B21/02A27|
|Oct 3, 2001||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Oct 31, 2005||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: EDWINA COWELL, ILLINOIS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:INGARGIOLA, THOMAS R.;MILIDANTRI, WILLIAM;REEL/FRAME:017145/0876
Effective date: 20051011
|Nov 2, 2005||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Nov 10, 2009||SULP||Surcharge for late payment|
Year of fee payment: 11
|Nov 10, 2009||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12