Improvement in woven fabrics
US 57659 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
rif-I UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
SETH W. BAKER, OF PROVIDENCE, RHODE ISLAND.
IMPROVEMENT IN WOVEN FABRICS.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 57,659, dated September A4, 1866.
To all whom it 'may concern Be it known that I, SETE YV. BAKER, of the city and county of Providence and State of Rhode Island, have invented a new and Improved Woven Fabric, which is applicable to a variety of useful purposes; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full and exact description of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, making part of this specification.
The object of my invention is to combine in a thick Woven fabric the strength, durability, and cheapness of cotton or other inferior material with the external appearance of woolen, so that goods of equal warmth and appearance or finish as those of all wool may be produced ata very much less cost.
My invention consists of a fabric composed of a number of sets of warps interwoven in plain cloth with a number of overlying shoots of filling-threads, those only of the outer surface of which are of woolen, and the whole so disposed in the fabric as to form a surface or facing on one or both sides of wool, while the interior or body of the fabric is entirely of cotton or like inferior material in appearance, yet of superior strength and durability, the combination of the woolen facing with the mode of weaving described serving to produce a thick fabric of such a texture that it may be printed in elaborate and inelywrought designs in the richness and durability of coloring of finer and more expensive woolen fabrics.4
To enable others skilled in the art to make and use my invention, I will proceed to describe the same.
In the said drawings, Figure 1 represents a piece of my improved fabric, and Fig. 2 is a diagram, illustrating by different-colored lines the disposition of t-he different material to form the fabric.
The fabric is composed of six sets of warps operated by as many sets of harness and eight shoots of filling-threads, each of which interlock with two adjoining sets of warps, so as to unite the whole together in plain cloth of fine wale and even, smooth surface.
The filling is of two kinds of material, the interior shoots (shown in black lines) being of cotton or linen, and the two external shoots (shown in red lines) being of woolen, and of coarser numbers than the interior fillingthreads, or of the warps, which are also of cotton or linen. rIhe face of the fabric, therefore, is made up of the two materials; but as the woolen threads are coarser than the cotton or linen, the latter are concealed by the former, so that to all appearance the fabric Vis entirely of woolen.
By this mode of weavin g with a multiplicity of warps and filling-threads of two kinds of materials a finer and smoother surface of woolen for printing can be obtained on a thick fabric than by any other mode hitherto known, the texture of the surface closely resembling that of plain flannel, and it is capable of being printed with the same facility, and with all the tineness of design and richness of coloring of which flannel is susceptible.
The fabric, as described, is designed for counterpanes and blankets for beds, for horseblankets, and carriage-robes, and for printed carpetings, mats, rugs, and other similar purposes.
Having thus described my invention, I wish it understood that the mode of weaving herein described has been previously patented by John Gujer, May 18, A. D. 1858, and that Ido not claim said weaving irrespective of the combination herein described to adapt it to other useful purposes.
Also, that I am aware that fabrics have been previously woven with a body of inferior material and a face or surface of woolenas, for instance, the better grades of carpeting-andthat there is, consequently, no novelty in so disposing the materials of the fabric, and this is therefore disclaimed, broadly, and except in combination with the mode of weaving herein described and shown, or its equivalent, that will produce the same texture and thickness of fabric.
What I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
The fabric above described, produced by combining, by means of the mode of weaving described, the body of the fabric formed wholly of cotton or linen, with a face or surface the weft of which is woolen, and which is interwoven with said body or central portion on one or both sides of the same, in the manner and for the purpose set forth.
SETH W. BAKER.
Witnesses IsAAc A. BRoNNnLL, WM. Hicks.