Cooking-stand for preserving-cans
US 578375 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented Mar. 9,1897.
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fl #o-uw' J THE NORRIS FETERS O0, PHOTOLITHO" WASHINGYQN. D. C
L. E. TYGERT.
000mm STAND FOR PRBSERVING ems.
to the operator.
, UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
LA URA E. TYGERT, OF ALBANY, NEW YORK.
COOKING-STAND FOR PR ESERVING- CANS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 578,375, dated March 9, 1897.
Application filed July 22 .1 89 6.
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, LAURA E. TYGERT, a citizen of the United States, residing at Albany, in the county of Albany and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Cooking-Stands for Preserving-Cans, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to improvements in cooking-stands for use for holding preserving-cans for cooking their contents when preserving or canning fruits, vegetables, &c.; and it consists in the devices and elements and combinations of devices and elements set forth and described in this specification; and the objects of my improvements are, first, to provide a simple means for securely holding one or more canning-jars or other vessels in place in a cooking-kettle while cooking the contents of the jars and for facilitating the removal of the same from the cooking-kettle without least liability of the operator being scalded or burned; also, providing means by which cans of difierent sizes may at will be retained in place and be removed at the same time, and, further, to provide means by which two or more cans or jars may be simultaneously seated in holding devices and held in place therein in the cooking-stand and be under the control of the operator and by her be simultaneously removed from the cookingkettle and carried to a place of deposit without least danger of scalding or giving discomfort I attain these objects by the means illustrated in the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, in which- Figure 1 is a plan view of a cooking-stand embodying the improvements in my invention. Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the same. Fig. 3 is a section view of the lower-end holder, and Fig t is a section view of the upper-end holder.
The'same letters of reference refer to similar parts throughout the several views.
In the drawings, A represents the lowerend-holding device for receiving and holding in place a can or jar when its contents are to be cooked by the action of heat from boiling water contained within a cooking-kettle or other vessel.
Serial No. 600,114. (No model.)
B is the handle, and O is the upper-end-retaining piece or device.
The loWer-end-holding piece A comprises one or more bottom-receiving portions, as a and b, suitably connected with a ring-form web 0. The bottom-receiving portion 17 may be comprised by two or moredownwardlyprojected and inwardly-turned holding-lips b 1), formed, preferably, integral with the Web 0, as shown by full lines in Fig. 3, or upwardly-projected posts a (1, preferably integral with said web 0, as shown in said Fig. 3. The downwardly-projected holding-lips b b are connected with the web 0 with their upper ends set at a line corresponding with the circumferential line of the jar or can seating therewith, and they may be made with bearing-surfaces of angular form when the side walls of the can or jar, at the bottom thereof, are at right angles with the bottom of the same, yet when the bottom corner of the can or jar is curved in form I would form the said holding-lips b b with concave curves on their inner sides, as shown in Fig. 3, so as to correspond with the rounded bottom'corners of the can or jar. The upwardly-projected posts a a are also preferably integral with web 0,
and are employed in number of two or more set on a circular line corresponding with the circumferential line of a can or jar of larger diameter than one to be seated and supported from the downwardly-projected bottom-receiving portions a above described. When the bottom corners of the can or jar are rounded, the inner sides of said posts are made with concave surfaces, as shown, so that these posts a a may present to the bottom portion of the can or jara form or shape of holding-surface which will readily receive said bottom portion and retain the same from shifting in either direction in relation to the holding device. 7
If preferred, in some cases there may be employed in lieu of the two or more downwardlyprojected holding-lips b b a circular or ringform holding device, as 1), (shown and indicated by' full and by dotted lines in Fig. 3,) which ring-form holding device may be substantially continuous and integral with the web 0 and be annular to a central opening a 'Fi g. 3; and have its inner side concave and so shaped as to receive and retain the bottom portion of the can or jar; and, if preferred, the upwardly-projected can-retaining pieces, comprising two or more upwardly-projected posts a a, may be formed so as to consist of a continuous ring-form device, as a, (shown by full lines and dotted lines in Fig. 3,) which ringform portion is made, preferably,integral with the Web 0 and with a form of inner surface corresponding with the bottom corner portion of the can or jar, so as to retain the same in place from shifting in any direction. hen this lower-end-retaining device is provided with the bottom-retaining devices a a or a and b b or b, integral with the web 0, the said device A will be adapted to receive and retain in place cans of different diameters at their bottoms, so that with a single cookingstand jars or cans of capacity of quarts or pints may be properly held in place while their contents are being cooked.
Although the stand may comprise but one lower-end-holding device A, yet I prefer to employ two or more of said devices A,as shown in Figs. 1 and 2, in which case I would arrange the handle B relatively central and would make the web 0 of each device integral with the web or webs of the others in the group of holding devices A preferred to be joined together in a single stand, as illustrated in Fig. 1.
The handle B, I prefer to make in the form of a vertical rod, as (Z, secured by any suitable means, and preferably by a screw-nut d, with the web portion 0, and for convenience of carrying this stand I provide the crosspiece 01 suitably secured tothe upper end of the vertical rod 61, as shown.
The upper-end-retaining device 0 consists of a suitable metal piece carrying two or more downwardly-projected holding-lips e 6, set relatively on a circular line corresponding with the circumferential line of the outer side (or inner side) of the neck or mouth of the can or jar. For convenience and use with cans or jars having their upper ends or necks or months of different diameters I provide a second series of two or more projections,as downwardly-projected lips ce, set relatively on a circular line corresponding with one of larger diameter than on which lips ee are set. These holding-lips e e and e e are preferably integral with the crescent-shaped web 6 although the web employed may be of circular form and continuous, if preferred, yet made in the form of a section of a circular piece or crescent-shaped it answers all the purposes and saves metal. This upper-end-retainin g piece 0 is provided with ear 6 made integral with web 8 and having perforation c for. receiving a supporting or retaining rod D, which is secured in place with the web 0 of the lowerend-retaining device A, with which this upper-end-retaining device 0 is to be employed. This retaining-rod D is vertical and parallel with the vertical rod 11 of the handle B and is so arranged in relation to the center of the webs c and e that when the web 6 of this upper-end-retaining piece is in place holding with the upper end portion of a can or jar its center will be coincident with the center of web 0 of the lower-end-retaining device A. This upper-end-retaining piece 0 is by its perforation a free to be moved vertically at will in either direction, so as to be readily adjusted to the height of the can or jar the piece 0 is to hold with by its holding devices e e or c e. The said retainingpiece 0 may be swung to one side and rela tively off from the lower-end-retainin g device A or be raised off from its retaining-shaft D,
as may be preferred, to be replaced thereon when a can is to be seated in the holding device A and retained therein. hen the stand is to comprise two or more lower-end-retaining devices, as A A, I provide with each said device a retaining-rod D and upper end-retaining device (J, as described, so that each can in the stand may be provided with suitable holding devices, as e c or c e, for engaging with cans of varying sizes, as may be required. Although these upper-end-retainin g devices, when used two or more in a stand, may each be separate and independent pieces, yet, if preferred, they may be made to be integral with each other and be made to work on the handle-rod d as a retaining-rod by bein g perforated at a point midway between the centers of the two or more of said upper-endretaining devices in the group, and as indicated by dotted lines in Fig. 2, in which case the rods D will be dispensed with, the vertical rod (:2 of the handle 13 serving the purpose of a retaining-rod.
WVhen this stand is to be used, the operator will place the can or jar (if but one device A comprises the stand) or cans and jars, containing the substances to be cooked, will be seated in their respective places with their bottom portions on the devices a or b or a or b, accordingly as may be provided and as may be in correspondence with the diameters of the bottoms of the respective cans or jars, when the upper-end-retainin g pieces will be moved to position to bring the respective holding devices c or e e, as may be required, into engagement wit-h the upper end portions of the respective cans. When the can or jar or cans or jars are so placed and secured, the operator will place this stand with its contents on the bottom of a suitable cooking kettle or vessel F, containing an inch or more of water, or enough to submerge the lower ends of the cans to a suitable distance, and will submit the cans and theircontents to the action of the boiling water in the cooking vessel for such a length of time as may be preferred or be necessary to properly cook the contents of the can or jar. The operator will then by the handle B remove the stand and the jars or cans thereon from the cooking vessel and remove the heated cans or jars from the stand steam and also without the least discomfort from heat.
This stand may be employed for holding vessels containing eggs required to be cooked by poaching process and for boiling or cooking gravies or farinaceous substances, as oatmeal or flour or meal of wheat or other grains.
This stand may be constructed of any suitable metal, cast or struck, and its parts may be made with any suitable forms as may be :0 suitable to adapt them for use with cans, jars,
or other vessels of sizes and forms as may be found to be advantageous for use.
When downwardly-projected holding-lips b b are employed for engaging with the lower or bottom end of the jar or can or other vesselfor holding such vessel from shifting, the water within the cooking vessel will readily have contact with the bottom and side walls of the can or jar to the distance it is submerged, as the water may freely flow through the openings between said lips, while when the circular concave form of holding device, as b, Fig. 3, is employed the notches or ports 19 provided in such devices (indicated by 3 5 dotted lines in Fig. 3) will allow the water in the cooking vessel to readily flow to a contact with the bottom or lower portion of the side walls of the jar or vessel.
Having described my invention, what I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, 1s
1. In a cooking-stand the combination with device A, described, adapted to retain the lower end of a can, jar or other vessel in place from shifting, of a handle adapted to serve as a means for transferring the stand to or from a cooking vessel, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
2. In a cooking-stand the combination with '50 an encircling web provided with devices described for retaining the lower ends, or bottom portions of two cans, jars, or other vessels, each of different diameter in place when respectively seated in their retaining devices,
and a handle adapted to serve as a means for transferring the stand to or from a cooking vessel substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
.wardly-projected retaining-posts a a set on a 80 V 3. In a cooking-stand,the combinatiomwith device A described, adapted to hold inplace cans, jars or other vessels, of two different sizes, one at a time, by their respective lower end portions, an upper-end-retaining device and a retaining-rod between device A, and said upper-end-retaining device, of a handle adapted to serve as a means for transferring the stand to or from a cooking vessel, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
4. In a cooking-stand, the combination with a lower-end-retaining device A comprising web 0 and downwardly-proj ected holding-lips b b and a handle, of an upper-end-retaining device substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
5. In a cooking-stand for holding cans, jars or other vessels, the combination of a lowerend-holding device comprising web 0, downwardly-projected holding-lips b b set on a cir cular line of one given diameter, and upcircular line of a different diameter, of a handle for transfer of said stand with can, jar or other vessel therein, to or from a cooking vessel, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
6. In a cooking-stand, the combination with device A described adapted to hold a can, jar or other vessel in place by its lower end portion, of an upper-end-retaining device 0 provided with two or more downwardly-pro- 0' jected holding-lips adapted to engage with the upper end portions of the supported vessels, of like or different diameters, a retaining-rod fixed with device A, and holding with device 0 and adapted to allow the latter to 5 be placed or displaced at will, and a handle adapted to serve as a means for transferring the stand to or.from a cooking vessel, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
7. Inacooking stand,forholdingcans, jars, :00 or other vessels the combination of two or more l'ower-end-holding devices A, described,
a corresponding number of upper-end-retaining devices 0, described, one or more retaining-rods secured to devices A and adapted to be placed at will into engagement with the upper ends of the vessels, and a handle adapted to serve as a means for transferring the cooking-stand to or from a cooking vessel, substantially as and for the purposes set no forth.
LAURA E. 'IYGERT.
Witnesses ALEX. SELKIRK, CHARLES SELKIRK.