|Publication number||US5807283 A|
|Application number||US 08/789,525|
|Publication date||Sep 15, 1998|
|Filing date||Jan 27, 1997|
|Priority date||Jan 27, 1997|
|Also published as||EP1003415A1, WO1999065385A1|
|Publication number||08789525, 789525, US 5807283 A, US 5807283A, US-A-5807283, US5807283 A, US5807283A|
|Inventors||Kim Kwee Ng|
|Original Assignee||Ng; Kim Kwee|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (47), Classifications (9), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This invention is related to the measurement of an activity of a person using an electronic means employing a magnetic-sensitive control circuit or a Hall effect sensor.
U.S. Pat. No. 5,485,402, "Gait activity monitor" describes the use of an electronic accelerometer for producing signals for transmission through an optical transmitter in conjunction with a computer for monitoring gait activity of a wearer. A monitor of that invention determines and records the number of steps taken by a wearer during selected time intervals. U.S. Pat. No. 4,651,446, "Electronic pedometer", describes the use of a step sensor and an electric counter associated with a footwear. The step sensor senses a flexing motion of the footwear each time the footwear contacts the ground. An electronic counter including a computing circuit receives output from the sensor and computes the number of steps and the distance traversed. The resulting measurement is shown on a visual display device.
In a first embodiment of my invention, an electronic device comprises a magnet strapped to a leg of a person or a shoe of a pair and a Hall effect sensor with an associated electronic processing and display unit mounted on the other leg of the person or the other shoe of the same pair. As the magnet moves past the sensor, the analog Hall voltage output produced by the Hall effect sensor changes with the motion because the strength of the magnetic field differs as a function of the separation between the magnet and the sensor. The analog voltage signals from the Hall effect sensor are converted to digital data and a stored program device means is used to analyse the data to yield digital values for the distance traversed and the speed of relative motion between the magnet and the sensor. Remote means receives analog radio signals encoding the digital values permitting distant monitoring of the gait activity of the wearer of the gait activity monitor of this invention.
In a second embodiment of my invention, a simplified electronic circuit activates a plurality of display elements whenever there is a relative movement between the magnet and the sensor. In another embodiment of my invention, when a magnetic-sensitive sensor carried by a runner moves past a magnetized strip mounted on an athletic field track, a timer circuit is triggered. When the runner passes the magnetized strip again, the timer circuit is similarly triggered. The time elapsed between the triggerings and the average running speed can be calculated and displayed.
It is an object of this invention to provide a measurement of the distance traversed by a carrier carrying an electronic device of this invention comprising a Hall effect sensor, a magnet and appropriate electronic processing and display accessories. Utilizing the well known Hall effect, (i.e. the output voltage generated by the sensor varies with the strength of the magnetic field detected by the Hall sensor), it is possible to compute the distance separating the magnet and the sensor. The result is displayed by an information display unit. Speed of movement as well as the activity of the wearer can be monitored remotely by this invention.
FIG. 1 is a simplified block diagram of a preferred embodiment of the invention using Hall-effect sensors with associated electronic circuits.
FIG. 2 is a simplified block diagram of a partial embodiment of the invention using electronic circuits to process radiowave signals emitted from the output device of FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 is a simplified block diagram of a preferred embodiment of the invention using a monostable multivibrator to control a plurality of display elements.
FIG. 4 is a simplified block diagram of a preferred embodiment of the invention using a timer circuit for counting.
In a first preferred embodiment of my invention for use with a power source means, 10, shown in FIG. 1, an array of Hall-effect sensors 20 strapped to a leg of a person or a shoe of a pair, generates an analog Hall effect voltage signal in the presence of a magnetic field produced by a magnetic field-generating source, e.g. a magnet, 30, mounted on another leg of the person or the other shoe of the same pair and positioned with its magnetic axis parallel to an axis orthogonal to the planar surfaces of sensor array 20 as shown in FIG. 1. When the Hall effect sensor array 20 moves past the magnet 30, the Hall voltage changes in response to the change in the strength of the magnetic field the Hall effect sensor array 20 senses. The change in the voltages is amplified by an Amplifying Circuit 60. The amplified output voltage produced by the Amplifying Circuit 60 is sent to an Analog to Digital Conversion Unit 70 for conversion, so that the amplitude of this output voltage is encoded in a binary data form. A series of these binary data accumulated over time during which the sensor array 20 moves past the magnet 30 is processed by a stored program device means 80, comprising a processor and its associated computing unit, which in turn produces useful information about the distance separating the magnet 30 and the sensor array 20, as well as its relative moving speed. This is obvious because the strength of the magnetic field at a given point depends on its distance from the magnet 30, so the output voltage produced by a Hall effect sensor array 20 varies according to its distance from the magnet 30. The rate of change in the amplitude of the output voltage determines the relative speed of the motion of the Hall effect sensor array 20 with respect to the magnet 30.
When the Hall effect sensor array 20 and the magnet 30 move past each other several times, the voltage produced by the sensor array 20 resembles a crude sinusoidal waveform. The difference between the crest and the lowest point of this waveform in a selected time interval tells us about the distance it has traversed during that period of time interval, the tangency of the curve at different point of this waveform indicates the speed of the movement of the sensor array 20 with respect to the magnet 30. The output from the stored program device means 80 is stored in a Memory Storage Unit 90. The result stored in the Memory Storage Unit 90 is either displayed by various types of display elements, such as LEDs, light-emitting diodes, or processed by a Digital to analog conversion unit 100 to yield an announcement through a speaker 110 in an Output Unit 120, using, for example, a sound synthesizer or a programmable music producing unit, or a radiowave transmitting device with a radiowave-emitting antenna 130, as is well known in the art, encoding the gait activity data in a radiowave carrier. The digital results are shown in the traditional numeric data form as well as in the form of blinking LEDs mounted on the shoe at a frequency proportional to the relative speed of the movement of the sensor array 20 with respect to the magnet 30.
Referring now to FIG. 2 which shows a partial embodiment of my invention for use with the electronic device of FIG. 1, wherein the Output Unit 120 of FIG. 1 comprises a radiowave-emitting device, which emits radiowave signals providing the electronic information about the gait activity of a wearer of the device comprising a magnet 30 and a Hall effect sensor array 20 of FIG. 1. Radiowave signals received by an antenna 150 of a receiver 160 are amplified and processed by a signal-decoding Analog to digital conversion unit 170. A stored program device means 180 is used to process the data produced from the Analog to digital conversion unit 170. The output is sent to a Monitoring Unit 190. The Monitoring Unit 190 comprises information display elements as is well known in the art, as well as a sound-emitting device alerting a monitor of abnormal incidences. For example, when the wearer of the electronic device of FIG. 1 is about to go out of a pre-determined monitoring range as the radiowave signals emitted from the Output Unit 120 of FIG. 1 becomes weaker and drops below a preset threshold value, or the wearer is inactive for a prolonged period of time, an alarm will sound. The stored program device means 80 of FIG. 1 is programmed to encode the radiowave signals produced by the Output Unit 120 with an identifier uniquely identifiable to the wearer. The stored program device means 180 is programmed to monitor activities of one or more carriers carrying electronic devices of FIG. 1.
Referring now to FIG. 3 which shows a second preferred embodiment of my invention adapted for use with a monostable multivibrator 210, wherein like symbols of FIG. 1 and FIG. 3 refer to like elements. The Hall voltage changes when a Hall effect sensor array 20 moves past a magnet 30. The change in the Hall voltages is amplified by an Amplifying Circuit 60. The amplified output voltage from the Amplifying Circuit 60 triggers a process controller or a control circuit, e.g. a monostable multivibrator, 210, which produces a pulse with a proper time interval during which an Oscillator Circuit 220 generates a series of square-wave pulses. Each of these square-wave pulses accumulates a count in a Binary Counter 230. The result in the counter 230 is decoded by a Decoder Circuit 240 which allows a one of an array of display elements in a Display Unit 250 to light up. If the count in the Binary Counter 230 is increasing monotonically, each of the display elements, e.g. an LED, is lit according to its position in the Display Unit 250. So a simple rotating lighting pattern occurs if the LEDs are arranged in sequence in a loop according to the binary data in the Binary Counter 230. A different lighting pattern occurs regularly if the LEDs are not arranged in sequence in the loop.
Referring now to FIG. 4 of the drawings, a third preferred embodiment of my invention showing an electronic circuit for monitoring the activity of a runner, wherein like symbols of FIG. 4, FIG. 1 and FIG. 3 refer to like elements. When a person carrying a magnetic-sensitive sensor, e.g. a Hall effect sensor array 20, moves past a magnetized strip 400 mounted or embedded in an athletic field track or a runway, the Hall voltage produced by the sensor array 20 changes. The change in the Hall voltages is amplified by an Amplifying Circuit 60. The amplified output from the Amplifying Circuit 60 triggers a monostable multivibrator 210 which produces a pulse notifying a stored program device means 180. The stored program device means 180 activates a Timer Circuit 410 which starts a process of counting. When the runner wearing the sensor array 20 passes the magnetized strip 400 again, the stored program device means 180 is similarly triggered again. The stored program device means 180 retrieves the digital values of the time elapsed between triggerings from the Timer Circuit 410. The average running speed, based on a pre-determined running distance, is computed and stored in a Storage Unit 420. The Storage Unit 420 comprises an array of non-volatile memory, as well as re-writable diskettes or the like. The results, including the number of excessive triggerings indicating the number of turns the runner has circled the athletic field, are displayed by a plurality of display elements in a Display Unit 250. It is clear that a plurality of magnetized strips 400 can be mounted on a runway, the times elapsed between successive triggerings can be computed and displayed. It is also obvious that a magnet could be strapped to a leg of a person or a shoe, a plurality of sensor arrays 20 with electronic processing circuits can be mounted at different locations along a field track. A stored program device means 180 is preprogrammed to process data produced from the sensor arrays 20 with associated electronic circuits. The results are displayed by Display unit 250.
Having described the invention and its preferred modes of operation in sufficient detail for those of normal skill in the art to practice the same, it will be obvious to such practitioners to make certain changes and variation in the specific elements of the disclosed embodiment without departing from the scope of the invention. For example, an electronic circuit generating a magnetic field can be used for sensing by the Hall effect sensors. Upon sensing the change in the magnetic field as the sensor moves past the magnet, the sensor with its control circuit activates a plurality of switching elements, mechanical or otherwise, to control the display elements. It is also obvious that a magnetic-sensitive control switch, e.g. a magnetic relay switch, can be used to turn on or off the power supply to the display elements when a magnet moves close to or away from the magnetic relay switch. For these reasons, the scope of the invention should not be limited by that which has been illustrated herein but should be limited only by the scope of the appended claims:
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4416293 *||Mar 19, 1981||Nov 22, 1983||Anderson Blair V||Method and apparatus for recording gait analysis in podiatric diagnosis and treatment|
|US4651446 *||Dec 24, 1984||Mar 24, 1987||Matsushita Electric Works, Ltd.||Electronic pedometer|
|US4737774 *||Aug 15, 1986||Apr 12, 1988||Compucap, Inc.||Magnet based activity sensor|
|US4813436 *||Jul 30, 1987||Mar 21, 1989||Human Performance Technologies, Inc.||Motion analysis system employing various operating modes|
|US5484362 *||Jun 3, 1994||Jan 16, 1996||Life Fitness||Exercise treadmill|
|US5485402 *||Mar 21, 1994||Jan 16, 1996||Prosthetics Research Study||Gait activity monitor|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US6135951 *||Jun 25, 1999||Oct 24, 2000||Living Systems, Inc.||Portable aerobic fitness monitor for walking and running|
|US6604419 *||Sep 17, 2001||Aug 12, 2003||Bbc International, Ltd.||Apparatus and method for measuring the maximum speed of a runner over a prescribed distance|
|US6805006||Sep 3, 2002||Oct 19, 2004||Bbc International, Ltd.||Method and apparatus for measuring the maximum speed of a runner over a prescribed distance including a transmitter and receiver|
|US7111489 *||May 28, 2004||Sep 26, 2006||Daimlerchrysler Corporation||Tone wheel sensor tester|
|US7325453 *||Nov 21, 2003||Feb 5, 2008||Koninklijke Philips Electronics, N.V.||Activity monitoring|
|US7373820||Nov 23, 2004||May 20, 2008||James Terry L||Accelerometer for data collection and communication|
|US7676332||Mar 9, 2010||Kersh Risk Management, Inc.||System and method for processing raw activity energy expenditure data|
|US7712365||Apr 7, 2008||May 11, 2010||Terry L. James||Accelerometer for data collection and communication|
|US7717866||May 6, 2002||May 18, 2010||Move2Health Holding B.V.||Portable device comprising an acceleration sensor and method of generating instructions or advice|
|US7725186 *||Nov 30, 2006||May 25, 2010||Pace Setter, Inc.||Complimentary activity sensor network for disease monitoring and therapy modulation in an implantable device|
|US7857771||Mar 26, 2004||Dec 28, 2010||University Of Virginia Patent Foundation||Method and system for the derivation of human gait characteristics and detecting falls passively from floor vibrations|
|US7857772||Oct 7, 2004||Dec 28, 2010||Commissariat A L'energie Atomique||Stride-monitoring device|
|US7921320 *||Oct 17, 2006||Apr 5, 2011||Advanced Analogic Technologies, Inc.||Single wire serial interface|
|US7981057||Oct 8, 2003||Jul 19, 2011||Northrop Grumman Guidance And Electronics Company, Inc.||Joint motion sensing to make a determination of a positional change of an individual|
|US7988647||Mar 16, 2009||Aug 2, 2011||Bunn Frank E||Assessment of medical conditions by determining mobility|
|US8068960 *||Sep 22, 2006||Nov 29, 2011||Brose Fahrzeugteile Gmbh & Co Kg, Coburg||Control device of an adjustment apparatus of a motor vehicle|
|US8224618||Feb 19, 2008||Jul 17, 2012||Commissariat A L'energie Atomique||Device and method for detecting the path of an object moving in two dimensions|
|US8539275||Feb 15, 2011||Sep 17, 2013||Skyworks Solutions, Inc.||Single wire serial interface|
|US8686862 *||Jan 9, 2012||Apr 1, 2014||Midfoot Performance Llc||System for monitoring running steps|
|US8990045 *||Nov 18, 2009||Mar 24, 2015||Silicon Valley Micro E Corp.||Pedometer with shoe mounted sensor and transmitter|
|US9015515||Oct 15, 2014||Apr 21, 2015||Skyworks Solutions, Inc.||Single wire serial interface|
|US9247607||Oct 15, 2014||Jan 26, 2016||Skyworks Solutions, Inc.||Single wire serial interface utilizing count of encoded clock pulses with reset|
|US9265113||Oct 15, 2014||Feb 16, 2016||Skyworks Solutions, Inc.||Single wire serial interface|
|US9295128||Sep 16, 2013||Mar 22, 2016||Skyworks Solutions, Inc.||Single wire serial interface|
|US20040083528 *||Oct 8, 2003||May 6, 2004||Stewart Robert E.||Employment of one or more signals based on one or more joint motions of an individual to make a determination of a positional change of the individual|
|US20050119533 *||May 14, 2004||Jun 2, 2005||Senscio Limited||Radiofrequency adapter for medical monitoring equipment|
|US20050262921 *||May 28, 2004||Dec 1, 2005||Arntz Robert T||Tone wheel sensor tester|
|US20060123905 *||Nov 21, 2003||Jun 15, 2006||Bremer Joannes G||Activity monitoring|
|US20060150734 *||Nov 21, 2003||Jul 13, 2006||Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.||Activity monitoring|
|US20070038879 *||Oct 17, 2006||Feb 15, 2007||D Angelo Kevin P||Single wire serial interface|
|US20070123806 *||Oct 7, 2004||May 31, 2007||Commissariat A L'energie Atomique||Stride-monitoring device|
|US20090138161 *||Sep 22, 2006||May 28, 2009||Burkhard Wagner||Control Device of an Adjustment Apparatus of a Motor Vehicle|
|US20090216629 *||Feb 21, 2008||Aug 27, 2009||James Terry L||System and Method for Incentivizing a Healthcare Individual Through Music Distribution|
|US20100049095 *||Feb 25, 2010||Stresscam Operations & Systems, Ltd. (c/o PHD Associates)||Assessment of medical conditions by determining mobility|
|US20100082288 *||Feb 19, 2008||Apr 1, 2010||Commissariat A L'energie Atomique||Device and method for detecting the path of an object moving in two dimensions|
|US20110119027 *||Nov 18, 2009||May 19, 2011||Silicon Valley Micro E Corporation||Pedometer with shoe mounted sensor and transmitter|
|US20110202787 *||Aug 18, 2011||D Angelo Kevin P||Single Wire Serial Interface|
|US20110230904 *||Sep 22, 2011||Smith & Nephew, Inc.||Reciprocating rotary arthroscopic surgical instrument|
|US20130176126 *||Jan 9, 2012||Jul 11, 2013||Midfoot Performance Llc||System for monitoring running steps|
|US20140371943 *||Aug 28, 2014||Dec 18, 2014||Fluke Corporation||Power State Coordination for Portable Test Tools|
|US20150073717 *||Sep 10, 2013||Mar 12, 2015||PNI Sensor Corporation||Monitoring biometric characteristics of a user of a user monitoring apparatus|
|CN103142235A *||Mar 8, 2013||Jun 12, 2013||南京医科大学||Magnetic positioning gait analysis system|
|CN103142235B *||Mar 8, 2013||Nov 5, 2014||南京医科大学||Magnetic positioning gait analysis system|
|EP1612518A2 *||Jun 30, 2004||Jan 4, 2006||Motorola, Inc.||A wireless communication device|
|WO2005034751A2 *||Oct 7, 2004||Apr 21, 2005||Commissariat A L'energie Atomique||Stride-monitoring device|
|WO2005034751A3 *||Oct 7, 2004||Jul 21, 2005||Roland Blanpain||Stride-monitoring device|
|WO2005045462A1 *||Jan 20, 2004||May 19, 2005||Northrop Grumman Corporation||Employment of one or more signals based on one or more joint motions of an individual to make a determination of a positional change of the individual|
|International Classification||A61B5/00, A61B5/11|
|Cooperative Classification||A61B5/6828, A61B5/6831, A61B5/11, G01C22/006|
|European Classification||G01C22/00P, A61B5/11|
|Mar 14, 2002||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Apr 5, 2006||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Sep 15, 2006||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Nov 14, 2006||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20060915