|Publication number||US5818696 A|
|Application number||US 08/714,064|
|Publication date||Oct 6, 1998|
|Filing date||Mar 2, 1995|
|Priority date||Mar 14, 1994|
|Also published as||EP0752199A1, EP0752199B1, WO1995025421A1|
|Publication number||08714064, 714064, PCT/1995/279, PCT/DE/1995/000279, PCT/DE/1995/00279, PCT/DE/95/000279, PCT/DE/95/00279, PCT/DE1995/000279, PCT/DE1995/00279, PCT/DE1995000279, PCT/DE199500279, PCT/DE95/000279, PCT/DE95/00279, PCT/DE95000279, PCT/DE9500279, US 5818696 A, US 5818696A, US-A-5818696, US5818696 A, US5818696A|
|Original Assignee||Siemens Nixdorf Informationssysteme Aktiengesellschaft|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (13), Referenced by (37), Classifications (9), Legal Events (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention is directed toward an apparatus and method for mounting electronic assemblies or electronic modules onto a common rear wall.
Rear walls using printed circuit technology are normal for the connection of plug-in assemblies. These rear walls are preferably used for electronic printed circuit board assemblies, a relatively large number of which are plugged in parallel to one another.
In contrast, flat cable connectors are normal for peripheral units such as magnetic disk memories, the units being mounted on their longitudinal sides and contact being made with them, at their rear, via the flat cable connectors.
It is necessary to fit and wire up a large number of small disk drives, in particular with the cost-effective availability of physically small magnetic disk drives using 31/2" or 21/2" technology, in conjunction with disk bus systems such as SCSI and RAID technology.
The object of the invention is to specify a mounting rack in which modules of various heights can be arranged such that they can be plugged in any desired sequence, which can be determined in advance, without having to adapt the mounting rack itself. At the same time, good sealing with respect to interference radiation is desirable.
The above object is achieved in that a mounting panel which is similar to a full-height, very narrow module is used for assemblies, which are called modules in the following text, and which are less than full height, but in particular are only half, a third or a quarter of the full height (partial-height modules), which mounting panel uses the guide rails in the mounting rack for full-height modules and, for its part, has on its surface guide rails for the modules to be supported. The modules are arranged one above the other on the mounting panel and are thus generally designed with a front panel of the same width.
It is thus possible to determine in advance, as required the sequence of spaces for partial-height modules and full-height modules. This is of particular importance in the case of high-performance multi-user computers having large bulk storage volumes which are expediently and cost-efficiently constructed from hard-disk drives using 31/2" or 21/2" format, which are produced in large quantities for personal computers. The mounting rack can, in this case, on the one hand accommodate the central processor and the main memory as full-height printed circuit board assemblies. The controllers for the hard disks are likewise designed as generally full-height, printed circuit board assemblies. Two, three, four, six or eight spaces for hard-disk drives are arranged as partial-height modules immediately along-side said controllers on one or two mounting panels, and are connected to the respective control unit via the rear wall, without cables. It should be noted in this case that the SCSI bus, which is frequently used in this context, allows a maximum of seven disk drives and a plurality of control units are therefore unavoidable for large disk capacities; however these control units should be arranged as close as possible to the drives. The guide rails make it easy to fit the drives subsequently, or, particularly in the case of RAID systems, replaceably while operation is continuing. A further advantage of this arrangement is the compact construction and the absence of the connection via cables, which has been necessary until now and is susceptible to faults, when using magnetic disk drives.
Good interference radiation screening with simple means is likewise achievable, since the metallic mounting panel is used as a screen and, as a result of the compact construction, there are only a few gaps, which can be closed well by slit springs.
If the mounting panel is broadened slightly by a front panel, then it is at the same time used as a ventilation channel, which is expedient if the modules themselves permit hardly any vertical air movement. To this end, the mounting panel is provided with an interrupted bead which, at the same time, is a vertical air channel and allows air exchange through the apertures.
A mounting panel can also he used in order to connect control units which are too small for an entire printed circuit board assembly but are nevertheless intended to be capable of being configured easily, for example for data transmission for local networks and long-distance networks, which require different modules in each case.
The form with vertically arranged modules which is illustrated in the exemplary embodiment is frequently preferred because it is easier to cool the modules by convection. However, a horizontal arrangement which is rotated through 90 degrees does not preclude this, it being possible to use this arrangement when either a very large number of modules have to be accommodated and the physical width has to be kept small at the cost of the physical height, or some of the modules are not approved for vertical operation.
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a mounting rack made in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an end view of the guide rail disposed on the mounting panel;
FIG. 3 is an end view of an alternative embodiment for the guide rail disposed on the mounting panel;
FIG. 4 is an end view of the lower edge of the mounting panel as accommodated in the lower guide member;
FIG. 5 is an end view illustrating a strip connector between the mounting panel and a module; and
FIG. 6 is a perspective view of an alternative embodiment of the mounting panel of the present invention.
A rear wall 10, which is part of a mounting rack, is illustrated in FIG. 1. Plug connectors 12a . . . f are arranged in a rectangular grid, in this case with three per column as an example, on this rear wall. The mounting rack has a space at the top, which is not illustrated, for the modules which are to be accommodated, and a bottom 15. Guide rails, which are illustrated as grooves 14a . . . c, 16a . . . b in this case, are provided in the top and bottom. A full-height module of a known type, which is not illustrated for the sake of clarity, is fitted with three connectors which mate with the plug connectors 12d . . . f, and is pushed into the mounting rack, sliding in the grooves 14b and 16b, until the plug connectors are latched in.
Modules 22a . . . c, whose height is essentially a third of the full height, are illustrated as an example of partial-height modules. They are guided by guide rails 21a . . . d on the mounting panel 20 and likewise latch on the rear wall, but in this case by means of in each case one plug connector. The topmost module 22a and the bottom-most module 22c are shown in the inserted position, so that the plug connectors 12a and 12c cannot be seen. The mounting panel 20, for its part, is held by grooves 14a on the bottom 15 and a corresponding groove in the top. It is mechanically connected to the rear wall 10, for example being screwed to it, and thus additionally contributes to the structural integrity of the rear wall.
The partial-height modules 22a . . . c which are illustrated as an example are constructed on a base plate whose edges slide in the guide rails on the mounting panel. Rectangular boxes are placed onto this plate, whose front is used as a panel. The mating element for the plug connector on the rear wall is fitted to the rear. Magnetic disk drives with an SCSI bus, for example, are installed in the rectangular boxes.
One possible configuration of the guide rail 21b on the mounting panel 20 is illustrated in FIG. 2. The guide rail 21b is designed as a T-rail, so that the base plates 23a and 23b of the modules 22a and 22b slide in the groove between the T-rail 21b and the mounting panel 20. The modules 22a and 22b have a bottom 25a and a top 25b. Another possible form with H-shaped rails is shown in FIG. 3. FIG. 4 shows one possible configuration of the guide rail 21d, which corresponds to FIG. 2, at the lower end, with the guide rail 14a in the mounting rack for the mounting panel 20.
The female strip connectors 30 are used for sealing against interference radiation. The sealing of another module with respect to the mounting panel 20 is illustrated in FIG. 2. In this case, the female strip connectors are generally designed to be longer than illustrated, so that they close virtually the entire slit. In the case of the configuration according to FIG. 3, additional female strip connectors 30 are provided which seal the gap between the base plate 23a and the mounting panel 20. FIG. 5 shows a view from above of one possible embodiment of a female strip connector.
FIG. 6 shows a mounting panel 20 which is broadened by a front panel in comparison with the width predetermined by the plate thickness and the guide rails (which are not shown in FIG. 6). An interrupted bead is produced on the surface of the mounting panel 20. Only one of a plurality of vertical webs 63 and two horizontal webs 62 are shown, for the sake of clarity, these being produced by stamping out rectangular holes. The webs are displaced by deformation, from the surface, in the opposite direction to the side on which the guide rails are arranged. This results in a vertical air channel 61, which is used for cooling the modules which are fitted on the mounting panel.
A pulling and interlocking mechanism, which is not illustrated, of a known type can be used in the modules 22a . . . c, and opposing bearings are provided for this mechanism in the mounting panel 20. As a result of the high level of structural integrity of the mounting panel, said bearings can be designed for strength and rigidity, so that it is possible to provide withdrawing and insertion forces even for plug connectors having a large number of contacts.
The modules can be equipped with panels on the front, the side edges of the panels being enlarged by surfaces which are at right angles to the panels, and these surfaces being electrically connected by contact springs to the respectively adjacent mounting panels and/or modules.
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|U.S. Classification||361/730, 361/732, 361/725, 361/735, 439/928.1, 361/727|
|Sep 12, 1996||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: SIEMENS AG, GERMANY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:KNOOP, FRANZ JOSEF;REEL/FRAME:008377/0570
Effective date: 19950113
|Oct 25, 2000||AS||Assignment|
|Apr 5, 2002||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Apr 23, 2002||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Apr 26, 2006||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Oct 6, 2006||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Dec 5, 2006||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20061006