Fastening device for shoes or other articles
US 581904 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
' W. DIGKTEN. FASTENING DEVICE FOR SHOES OR OTHER ARTICLES.
No. 581,904. Patented May 4, 1897.
Ilnrrnn STATES FFICE.
PATENT WILLIAM DIOKTEN, OF CINCINNATI, OHIO.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 581 ,904, dated May 4, 1897. Application filed November 5, 1894. Serial No. 527,897. (No model.)
T0 to whom, it may concern:
Be it known that 1, WILLIAM DIOKTEN, a subject of the Emperor of Germany,and a resident of the city of Cincinnati, in the county of Hamilton and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvementsin Fas' toning Devices for Shoes or other Articles, of which the following is a specification.
The several features of my invention and the various advantages resulting from their use conjointly or otherwise will be apparent from the following description and claims.
In the accompanying drawings, making a part of this application, in which similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts, Figure l is a View in perspective of a shoe with which my invention has been combined and to which it has been applied. Fig. 2 is an elevation of either side of the sliding fastener embodying certain features of my invention. Fig. 3 is a top View of the device shown in Fig. 2. Fig. 4 is a top or plan View of my invention applied to hold together adj acent parts and showing, among other things, the mode of loosening the hold of the fastener upon said coupled parts. This view also illustrates a mode of constructing the terminals for use as tie-strings. Fig. 5 is an elevation of the edge of the devices shown in Fig. at, that edge of the figure being shown which faces toward the lower side of the drawings. Fig. 6 is a cross horizontal section of an ankle and also showing an approved mode of tying the strings hereinafter described.
A indicates the sliding fastener, of which A is the main or central portion.
A A indicate the wings or extensions, one on each side of the main portion.
In the longitudinal center of the bottom of the main portion is a slot A Above this slot and connected therewith is the central opening A For the purpose of forming the portions of this openinginto two general divisions a tongue or extension A from the roof of the opening A extends down partly through the opening A thereby forming the two channels A A The materials to be coupled are of any desired kind and so also is the shape of those materials.
The articles to be coupled are various. Thus carriage curtains may be coupled.
Shoes may be lacedi. e., the edges of the parts to be coupled to hold the shoe on the footmay be united by my fastening. Many other-articles can be thus coupled, and these will naturally suggest themselves to any one acquainted with the nature of my invention.
15 B represent opposite parts or pieces to be coupled. The adjacent edges of these parts B B are respectively provided with the guidingbeadings or cordings B In certain classes of materials the beading can be formed on and out of the article or part B. In cases where the beading is attached to the part B the mode of attachment is to be varied as circumstances admit and the occasion demands.
In the present illustrative instance the material B being thin at its edge is rolled around a core, as O, substantially as shown in Fig. 5, and then fastened in place. The neck 13 uniting the beading to the material should be thinner than the thickness of the beading. In practice the sliding fastener is lipped onto the headings, substantially as shown. Then these bead in gs will lie in the channel A substantially as shown, and where the headings are circular in cross-section the division extension A will retain them and the sliding fastener the better in posit-i011. The fastener A slides upon the beadings and is moved to that place where the coupling is to be continned.
Usually a number of these fasteners will be used to unite parts B, whose edges to be coupled are of any length.
As it is not very easy to readily adjust the sliding fasteners onto the headings, it is desirable to arrange the construction so that the fastener after being slid away from the parts 13 when they are to be left uncoupled can be quickly and easily returned to the coupling position. I have invented a novel and exceedingly useful mode of accomplishing these objectsviz., I make the guiding-beading of greater extent than the parts of the article to be coupled and separate therefrom, substantially as shown. Then the article is to be uncoupled, I run the sliding fastener or fasteners A onto these extensions B of the beading or cording B These beadings or cordings B are preferably flexible and can then be folded in a convenient manner. In the case of a shoe this cording may be suitably fastened at the sides or made long enough to tie. I prefer, however, to use in this connection other features of my invention, to wit: To the free end of each beading B I attach a light flexible cord D, whereby the same may be tied. One mode of such tying is shown in Fig. 1. For the purposes of the more quickly and conveniently fastening the beading I provide the same with loops C and render these elastic.
When the loose beading is to be fastened, the two parallel portions are separated and wound around the ankle, substantially as shown. Each loop is then carried over the adjacent sliding fastener and looped under the wing or extension A on the opposite side of the fastener from the direction in which the loop comes, substantially as shown in Fig. 6. The tie is quickly unfastened by removing the loop from engagement with the fastener and then removing it from around the ankle. Before taking the shoe off from the foot the sliding fasteners A are also run up onto-the loose beading B substantially as illustrated in Fig. 4.
Usually that one of the fasteners which is lowest down on the foot is allowed to remain in place and the rest are slid off.
One purpose of the extensions A viz., to engage a loop, as (I -has been specified. Another and important function of the extension A is to enable the sliding fastener to be more readily handled. These extensions afford a hold for the fingers of the operator in adjusting the sliding fasteners in place for use or in removing them from coupling.
In the case of a shoe and analogous articles a portion, either immediately adjacent to the beading or subject to be drawn upon by said portion, is preferably made elastic in order to enable the shoe to conform to the various shapes of foot of the same general size for which the shoe is adapted, also to accommodate the shoe to socks or stockings of various thicknesses. Thus the shoe can be worn under the same varying circumstances under which an ordinary laced shoe can be worn.
The sliding fastener is very quickly applied, and when in use cannot be untied, has no lacing-strings to let go and allow the shoe to become loose on the foot, and cannot be uncoupled, unless intentionally by human agency. The shoe can be coupled quicker than in the case of a laced shoe.
In its application to a shoe the bottom of the fastener should be convexly curved to adapt it to the shape of the foot in crosssection.
My invention, economical of manufacture and being readily handled in coupling and uncoupling, is a desideratum in the art of couplers and fastening devices.
That I claim as new and of my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. The combination of a sliding fastener having opening A and slot A and parts B, B, and the beadings respectively connected thereto, and the extension B of the beading separate from parts B, B, substantially as and for the purposes specified.
2. The combination of a sliding fastener having opening A and slot A and parts B, B, and the beadings connected thereto, and the flexible extensions of the beading separate from parts B, B, and strings connected to said extensions, substantially as and for the purposes specified.
3. The combination of the beading attached directly to the upper, and beading separate from the upper, but an extension of the firstnamed beading, and elastic strings connected to the last-named beading, and a fastener embracing the beading, substantially as and for the purposes specified.
4. The combination of beading, and parts B, and flexible extension B of the beading, and strings attached to the free end of the beading and a fastener embracing the beadin g and sliding thereon, substantially as and for the purposes specified.
5. The combination of the separable beading B for connection to pieces B, substantially as described, and the flexible extensions B of said beadings, and the elastic looping pieces 0 at the terminals of the beadings, and a fastener embracing and sliding on the beading and having the extension A substantially as and for the purposes specified.
6. The combination of a shoe having the upper pieces B, B, made elastic, and the beadings connected thereto, and a fastener sliding on the beadings, substantially as and for the purposes specified.
7. As a new article of manufacture, a sliding fastener, consisting of the central portion A, having the axial opening A and the slotted opening A through its bottom connected to the opening A and the side extensions A adapted to receive the necks B of the shoeleathers, and the beading respectively attached to the said necks, substantially as and for the purposes specified.
8. The combination of a shoe and beadings and sliding fastener having opening A for receiving the beadings, and slot A for allowing the neck connecting the headings to the shoe to pass, and extensions A from each side of the central part of the fastener, the base of the fastener curved concavely, substantially as and for the purposes specified.
WM. E. J ONES, K. SMITH.