|Publication number||US5821663 A|
|Application number||US 08/727,522|
|Publication date||Oct 13, 1998|
|Filing date||Apr 11, 1995|
|Priority date||Apr 11, 1994|
|Also published as||DE4412319A1, EP0755584A1, EP0755584B1, WO1995028029A1|
|Publication number||08727522, 727522, PCT/1995/1328, PCT/EP/1995/001328, PCT/EP/1995/01328, PCT/EP/95/001328, PCT/EP/95/01328, PCT/EP1995/001328, PCT/EP1995/01328, PCT/EP1995001328, PCT/EP199501328, PCT/EP95/001328, PCT/EP95/01328, PCT/EP95001328, PCT/EP9501328, US 5821663 A, US 5821663A, US-A-5821663, US5821663 A, US5821663A|
|Inventors||Gunther Kiehnle, Bernd Walther|
|Original Assignee||Itt Automotive Europe Gmbh|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (10), Referenced by (21), Classifications (12), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The invention relates to a power supply configuration for an electric motor with four brushes.
Frequently, mainly in the case of direct-current motors that operate at high current strengths, the collector is wired with four carbons, of which in each case two are connected in parallel. Only such a configuration ensures good operating reliability.
To be able to contact the four brushes, EP 0 291 765 B1 proposes providing two conductor rails that have been punched out of sheet metal and contacting two brushes at a time with a conductor rail.
In addition, it is proposed that, in each case, a conductor rail and the corresponding brushes be arranged on, in each case, one support plate and then that the two partial support plates be plugged together, in such a way that the brushes and the corresponding conductor rails are arranged in two different planes. It is readily evident that this leads to a greater axial overall length of the electric motor.
DE-OS 39 36 672 specifically proposes arranging all four brushes on a support plate in one plane but does not call for allowing the power to be supplied via punched-out conductor rails, but rather via flexible lines that are laid on the support plate. Here, the obvious disadvantage exists that the installation of the power supply is expensive since at least four lines must first be cut to length and their insulation stripped and then they have to be placed on the support plate in corresponding holding loops.
The invention is therefore based on the object of developing a system that consists of four brushes and especially the corresponding power supply. The system is supposed to extend quickly in the axial direction and be easy to install.
In order to accomplish the above object, it is proposed that a power supply configuration be designed in such a way that two conductor rails are provided, whereby each conductor rail is contacted by two brushes each. The conductor rails are arranged in one plane, whereby a contact lug is molded over a bend in at least one conductor rail, in such a way that the lug can be bent up from the plane of the conductor rail. In addition, the lug (bridge lug) is shaped in such a way that after being bent up, one arm of the lug extends away over the other conductor rail.
The stranded conductor of the corresponding brush can now be fastened to this arm in a conducting manner, without the danger existing that the stranded conductor will contact the other conductor rail.
In addition, it is proposed that additional lugs that can also be bent out from the conductor rail plane be molded onto the conductor rails.
This has the advantage that the stranded conductors of the brushes are run out from the conductor rail plane in such a way that no additional insulation of the stranded conductors is needed to avoid short circuits.
In each case, the conductor rails form semicircles that are connected to one another via contact bridges and thus form closed circles. After the rails are fastened to the brush holder plate, the contact bridges are penetrated, in such a way that the two rails are electrically insulated from one another.
The rails are punched out from sheet metal together with the contact lugs, whereby in the punched-out mold, the bridge lug points outward, while the three other lugs point inward. This ensures economical use of materials.
After the conductor rails and the brush holder are installed on a support plate, the brush holders are all located within the circle that is formed by the two conductor rails.
The invention is to be explained in more detail below based on an embodiment, depicted in two figures where:
FIG. 1 shows the conductor rail system that is punched-out from sheet metal; and
FIG. 2 shows the top view of a support plate with the power supply system and the brush holders that are depicted in FIG. 1.
The power supply system consists of a first rail 1 and a second rail 2. Both rails form approximately a semicircle and together form a full circle.
At two points, contact bridges 7 and 8 are provided between the rails, which are interrupted after the rails are mounted on the support plate. Two lugs 3, 4 or 5, 6 are arranged on each rail.
The lugs are described based on bridge lug 3, but this description also applies in a corresponding way to additional lugs 4, 5, 6.
Each lug is L-shaped, whereby one leg forms contact arm 3' and the other leg forms upright arm 3". The end of upright arm 3", which does not merge into contact arm 3', is molded onto first rail 1 via a bend 12.
At bend 12, lug 3 can be bent out from the rail plane, in such a way that upright arm 3" is perpendicular to the rail plane and contact arm 3' extends parallel to the rail plane but above it.
In bridge lug 3 that is explained here, contact arm 3' extends over second rail 2. In this way, a brush that is inside the rail system can be connected in a conducting manner to contact arm 3' and thus to the first rail, without a conductive connection to the second rail being produced.
As already mentioned, additional lugs 4, 5, 6 are designed in a corresponding way, with the difference that after the lugs are bent up, the contact arms do not reach away over a rail.
To ensure advantageous use of the punching material, upright arm 3" of bridge lug 3 points outward in the punching plane, while additional arms 4, 5, 6 point inward.
In addition, each conductor rail has a power supply strap 9 or 10 that points outward and, viewed in the image plane, can be bent downward.
To fasten the rails, several fastening straps 11, 11' are provided, which are first bent downward and can be inserted into corresponding holes in the support plate. There, they are bent again by 90°, in such a way that the rails are held more securely on the support plate.
As already mentioned, the rails, the contact brushes, the lugs, as well as the power supply straps and the fastening straps are punched out of sheet metal; the punching mold of the parts that can be bent is indicated by broken lines.
A support plate 20 is shown in FIG. 2. The latter is interrupted in the middle. The central break is used to accommodate the collector.
Four brush holders 21, which each house a brush 22, are arranged around the collector. Rails 1, 2 according to FIG. 1 are arranged around brush holder 21. Contact bridges 7 and 8 are interrupted. Contact arms 3', 4', 5' and 6' of bent lugs 3, 4, 5, 6 are located above the brushes that correspond to them in each case. Stated more precisely, the contact arms are located above the radial outer ends of the brush holder, in such a way that the brush stranded conductors that project outward there need to be run upward only from the support plate plane to be able to be connected in a conducting manner to the contact arms. The connection can be made by welding or soldering. It is shown that in each case two diametrically opposite brushes contact one rail apiece.
It will be understood that the embodiment described herein is merely exemplary and that a person skilled in the art may make many variations and modifications to the described embodiment utilizing functionally equivalent elements to those described. Any variations or modifications to the invention described hereinabove are intended to be included within the scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5973433 *||Aug 31, 1995||Oct 26, 1999||Itt Manufacturing Enterprises Inc.||Brush support plate|
|US6198192 *||Feb 10, 1998||Mar 6, 2001||Itt Manufacturing Enterprises, Inc.||Brush-holding device|
|US6445097 *||Dec 1, 1999||Sep 3, 2002||Milwaukee Electric Tool Corporation||Method for assembling and electrical connector assembly for a power tool|
|US6701604 *||May 21, 2002||Mar 9, 2004||Milwaukee Electric Tool Corporation||Method for assembling a power tool|
|US6873072||Apr 25, 2002||Mar 29, 2005||Minebea Co., Ltd.||Relay support device for an electric motor, in particular for an electrically commutated DC motor|
|US6894410||Oct 28, 2002||May 17, 2005||Sumitomo Wiring Systems, Ltd.||Thin brushless motor having ring-configured centralized power distribution unit|
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|US6930418 *||Oct 28, 2002||Aug 16, 2005||Sumitomo Wiring Systems, Ltd.||Centralized power distribution unit having bus bars accommodated in holding grooves of insulating holders|
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|US8148869 *||Feb 6, 2009||Apr 3, 2012||Aisin Seiki Kabushiki Kaisha||Brush holder|
|US20030090166 *||Oct 28, 2002||May 15, 2003||Makoto Kobayashi||Centralized power distribution unit for a vehicular thin brushless motor|
|US20040145261 *||Apr 25, 2002||Jul 29, 2004||Helmut Ganter||Relay support device for an electric motor, in particular for an electrically commutated dc motor|
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|US20040219844 *||Nov 24, 2001||Nov 4, 2004||Inigo Felgueroso||Stamped grid comprising a fastening element|
|US20070050481 *||Oct 26, 2006||Mar 1, 2007||Rod Rigole||Systems and methods for online selection of service providers and management of service accounts|
|US20090206694 *||Feb 6, 2009||Aug 20, 2009||Aisin Seiki Kabushiki Kaisha||Brush holder|
|CN102474060A *||May 25, 2010||May 23, 2012||罗伯特·博世有限公司||Brushholder for an electrical machine|
|CN102474060B||May 25, 2010||Oct 22, 2014||罗伯特·博世有限公司||用于电机的刷架|
|WO2001063728A1 *||Feb 20, 2001||Aug 30, 2001||Robert Bosch Gmbh||End shield for a commutator machine and a method for producing such an end shield|
|WO2002045471A1 *||Nov 24, 2001||Jun 6, 2002||Robert Bosch Gmbh||Stamped grid comprising a fastening element|
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|U.S. Classification||310/249, 310/242, 310/68.00R, 310/50, 310/240, 310/71, 310/239, 310/241|
|International Classification||H02K13/00, H02K5/14|
|Feb 24, 1997||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ITT AUTOMOTIVE EUROPE GMBH, GERMANY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:KIEHNLE, BUNTHER;WALTHER, BERND;REEL/FRAME:008539/0853
Effective date: 19961101
|Mar 28, 2002||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|May 3, 2006||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Oct 13, 2006||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Dec 12, 2006||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20061013