US 583121 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 1.
H H. PATTEE. AMUSEMENT WHEEL.
No. 583,121. Patented May 25,1897.
" ju eiztbr Nb Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.
H. H. PATTEE.
No. 583,121. Patented May 25, 1897.
- UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
HERBERT H. PATTEE, OF IVASHINGTON,DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA,
ASSIGNOR OF ONE-FOURTIITO CARL H. FAST, 0F PHILADEL- PHIA, PENNSYLVANIA.
SPECIFICATION formingpart of Letters Patent No. 583,121, dated May 25, 1897. Application filed May 7, 1896. Serial No. 590.601. (No model.)
bination therewith a chute-shooting arrangement.
The object of the invention is to provide a simple, novel, and effective combination of mechanical parts which will permit a coasting'or shooting car to be suddenly precipitated along the arc of the circumference of a large rotary wheel in like manner as if it were being thrust down a chute or inclined way. The passengers upon an amusement-roundabout of this kind, which is propelled obviously with great celerity, will enjoy all the exhilaration of motion incident to the rapid shooting of a car down a chute, and combined therewith many other novel and enjoyable sensations incident to the peculiar movement of the car upon the Wheels periphery, the rotation of the wheel, the splashing of a watercourse arranged in conjunction with the wheel and adapted to be struck by the moving car, and other characteristics too numerous to mention.
The invention therefore consists, essentially, in the construction, arrangement, and combination of parts, substantially as will be hereinafter described and claimed.
In the accompanying drawings, illustrating my invention, Figure 1 is a side elevation of my improved observation-wheel and shooting oar. Fig. 2 is an enlarged detail sectional view of a portion of the same, showing the water-tank within which the lowest portion of the wheels periphery moves. Fig. 3 is likewise a partial sectional side elevation of the wheel, showing a body of water carried by the rim thereof and showing likewise a car which is in position to slide down the incline of the Fig. 7 isa bottom plan view of the same.
peripheral arc. Fig. 4 is a diagrammatic side elevational view of my improved wheel, show ing the car at the lowest portion of the periphery of the wheelat the point where it passes through the Water, which is arranged to be carried Within said peripheryin like manner as is suggested in Fig. 3. Fig. 5 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of the wheels periphery, showing the car in partial end elevation. Fig. 6 is a side elevational View of the car or boat. Fig. 8 is a sectional elevational view of a modified form of my improved combined wheel and shooting boat.
Similar letters of reference designate corresponding parts throughout the different figures of the drawings.
In carrying my invention into practical effeet I provide a large rotary wheel. It is only necessary that the wheel should be stoutly braced and constructed on correct principles in order that it may have sufficient strength for the purpose for which it is intended.
A designates the wheel. In the example shown in the drawings this Wheel has the shaft (1, which is journaled in bearings in the side frames D D. Wheel A has the rim B and the spokes A A. It must be clearly understood, however, that the wheel illustrated is simply presented by way of example, and that in actual practice I reserve the liberty of building it in any way that will afford a rotary structure of the necessary strength, the spokes, cross -beams, the rim, the shafting, and the side supporting frames, together with the other necessary mechanical parts, being all related and arranged in such a way as to combine cheapness, strength, and efficiency, and make the wheel what is needed for the purpose specified.
The rim B is trough-shaped, as shown in Fig. 5, the trough being of any suitable form or curvature and of any desired size. In the form of Wheel shown in Figs. 3, 4, and 5 the lowermost portion ,of the trough-shaped rim 5 and that different portions of the rim will I00 therefore successively contain the body of water referred to. In the form of the invention shown in Fig. 2 the receptacle J, stationary and independent of the wheel A, is provided for containing a body of water, and through this receptacle rotates the rim of the wheel, so that the same result is attained as in Figs. 3, -t, and 5namely, that of providin g one portion of the whecls periphery with a comparatively stationary body of fluid or liquid. Furthermore, it is to be particularly observed that the periphery of the wheel is provided at certain points with tunnels O O, which tunnels permit the passage through them of a body moving along the troughshaped rim of the wheel. The tunnels are simply elongated and closed compartments on the inner face of the rim B of the wheel, and they may obviously be of greater or less length. The greater the length the darker will be the interior of said tunnels. I find it convenient to place at least two of these tunnels upon the periphery of the wheel, and three or four or even more may be employed to advantage. \Vhen the wheel in its rotation brings a tunnel to the lowermost position, it is manifest that the water will enter and pass through the said tunnel.
E designates a boat, ear, or other suitable vehicle which is adapted to move by gravity within the trough-shaped rim. One way of permitting and encouraging such movement is to provide tracks, as l) 1), within said rim which are engaged by lateral wheels or rollers e 6, arranged on the side of the boat or car. I do not, however, wish to be restricted to this particular means of permitting and guiding the movement of the car or boat within the rim, but reserve the liberty of modifying such means and providing others, if desired, to accomplish the same result. The ear E is equipped with a front dasher F and with a series of seats E E E, the seats being arranged therein in any suitable manner; also, the car is provided with means for looking it to any point on the wheels rim 1 One example of such locking means is illustrated in Figs. 5 and 7, where it is shown as consisting of devices arranged on the under side of the car, comprising the central medial rod G, to which are pivoted the levers g g g, which are fulerumed on the under side of the car by means of pivot-pins g g". The outer ends of these levers g on either side of the car are connected by the side rails II II. In the ear E is a lever I, having the catch 2', that engages a notched segment I, said lever I engaging at its lower end one end of the medial rod G, so that the conductor of the car may by a proper manipulation of the lever I actuate the leverage just described and thereby thrust the lateral rails II II outward from the car into contact with the tracks Z) Z), as shown in Fig. 5, or into contact with the sides of the trough or some other part of the rim 1 in such a manner as to securely and effectually lock the car E at any desired point and hold the same in this locked position as long as may be desired. Of course it is to be distinctly understood that I am not restricted to any specific form of locking mechanism, but may provide any locking, clamping, or securing devices which will achieve the object in viewto wit that of temporarily connecting the car to a point on the wheels rim, where it may be held until the time arrives to release it.
The wheel A is designed to be rotated by means of some suitable engine orpower mechanism which will apply its power either to the shaft a or to the rim 1) or to some other part of the wheel for the purpose of rotating it slowly or fast, as may be desired. In the practical carrying out of my invention I purpose to provide a motor for the wheel which can be readily controlled by the conductor in such a way that the wheel will be given intermittent partial rotations, said partial r0- tations being of the length sufficient to lift the car E from the position shown in Fig. 4 to the position shown in Fig. 3, or perhaps higher. Suppose, for instance, that the wheel has been partially rotated, as just described, and the ear E lifted to the position shown in Fig. 8, it being clamped to the rim of the wheel during this partial rotation. If new the wheel is stopped with the car E in the position of Fig. 3 and the conductor releases the clamping device, the ear E will be caused to sheet by gravity down the rim of the wheel in the direction shown by the arrow until it strikes the water with great force and with a terrific splashing, thereby causing much excitement and consternation among the occupants of the car, as well as amusement to them and to the onlookers when it is understood and perceived that such apparent violence of movement and splashing about of the water is attended with absolutely no danger. I11 this movement the car IE will pass through the water and its momentum will be sufficient to carry it a short distance up the opposite incline of the wheel-rim, and when it reaches the limit of its movement the conductor will cause the clamping device to operate to hold the car fast to the rim at this extreme point. The conductor can then signal to the engineer and cause the wheel to be given another partial rotation, which will carry the car again to the high point where it is indicated in Fig. 3, and by a second release of the clamping device the car may be shot downward a second time under the action of gravity. Thus by successive partial rotations of the wheel the car may be allowed to shoot several successive times down the incline of the wheel-rim. At certain of such times the car will shoot through one or the other of the tunnels C, thus adding to the excitement and amusement of the operation of the mechanism.
Thus far I have described the wheel as having but one trough or track in the rim. It in u stbe understood, however, that, if desired,
said rim may have duplicate or triplicate troughs, or there may be any other number arranged parallel to each other or otherwise, if desired. Furthermore, I can, if desired, have more than one rim or have a continuous rim, a portion of which is eccentric to the axis of the wheel. In Fig. 8 I have shown one modification of my invention, consisting of a continuous track passing two or three times around the axis of the wheel and being eccentric to said axis for a certain distance. The operation of this form of the invention is substantially the same as that of the other form, excepting that the car may travel over a longer distance, and several cars may be used, if desired.
Having thus described myinvention, What I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. An amusement-Wheel, consisting of a tunnel-provided track-shaped rim, a gravity shooting car therein, and a clam ping device for locking the car to the rim.
2. An amusement-wheel, consisting of a track-shaped rim, in combination with a gravity-movable car or boat in said rim, and an artificial pond or lake submerging the lowest part of the rim.
3. An amusement-wheel, consisting of a combined concentric and eccentric rim, which provides a continuous track passing two or more times around the axis of the wheel, in combination with a gravity shooting car movable on said track.
4. The combination of a rotary Wheel having its rim provided with a track or Way, a shooting car on said rim, locking means for securing the car to the rim, and an artificial body of water submerging the lowest part of the rim.
5. The combination of a rotary wheel having its rim provided with a tunnel and adapted to provide a track, a gravity shooting car on said track, and means for temporarily securing the car to any desired point of the rim.
6. The combination of a rotary wheel having a track-shaped rim provided with one or more tunnels, a gravity shooting car in said rim, means for clamping the car to the rim at any desired point, and a body of water which submerges the lowest part of the track and through which the car splashes when it shoots.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
HERBERT H. PATTEE. W'itnesses:
SAMUEL L. TAYLOR, CARL H. FAST.