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Publication numberUS583878 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 1, 1897
Publication numberUS 583878 A, US 583878A, US-A-583878, US583878 A, US583878A
InventorsJulius G. Hocke
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Printing apparatus
US 583878 A
Images(4)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(No Model.) 4 SheetsSheet 1. J. G. HOCKE.

PRINTING APPARATUS. No. 588,878. Patented June 1,1897.

ATTORNEYS (No Model.) 4 Sheets-Sheet 2.

J. G. HOOKE.

PRINTING APPARATUS.

.w M w A \x m '(IIIIIIIIIIIAL Patented June 1',

WITNESSES:

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4 Sheets-Sheet 3.

(No Model.)

J. G.-,HOOKE. PRINTING APPARATUS.

Patented June 1,1897.

ATTORNEYS 4 Sheets-Sheet 4.

Patented June 1, 1897.

J. G. HOOKE.

I PRINTING APPARATUS.

' "L I a ATTORNEYS .140: nnnms men: co, wow-umo" whsnmommn. c.

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(No Model.)

WITNESSES" UNITED STATES PATENT FFICE.

JULIUS G. HOCKE, OF BAYONNE, NEV JERSEY.

PRINTING APPARATUS.

SPECIFICATION formingpart of Letters Patent No. 583,878, dated June 1, 1897.

Application filed August 1,1896. Serial No. 601,294. (No model.)

such apparatus being designed for use in- Means for securing railways and shippers against loss of freight, for which Letters Patent of the United States No. 493,595 were granted to Joseph B. Mockridge on March 14, 1893.

The object of the invention is to provide certain new and useful improvements in printing apparatus whereby a set of characters are printed on a shipping-receipt or like document and at the same time a separate check or ticket is printed with duplicate characters of those printed on the shipping-receipt.

The invention consists of certain parts and details and combinations of the same, as will be fully described hereinafter, and then pointed out in the claims.

Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, in which similar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the figures.

Figure 1 is a plan View of the improvement. Fig. 2 is a front elevation of the same with parts in section. Fig. 3 is an enlarged transverse section of the ticket-delivering device, thesection being taken on the line 3 3 of Fig. 1. Fig. 4 is an enlarged cross-section of one of the crank-arms for setting the type-wheels previous to making the impression, the section being taken on the line 4 4 of Fig. 1. Fig. 5 is a side elevation of the improvement at the shipping-receipt-printing end of the apparatus. Fig. 6 is an enlarged sectional side elevation of the printing device for printing characters on the shipping-receipt, the sect-ion being taken on the line 6 6 of Fig. 2. Fig.7 is a rear side elevation of the same. Fig. 8

is a sectional side elevation of the same with parts in a different position. Fig. 9 is a side elevation of the improvement at the ticketprinting end of the apparatus. Fig. 10 is an enlarged cross-section of the improvement on the line 10 10 of Fig. 2. Fig.1l is a front elevation of the same. Fig. 12 is a face view of the shipping-receipt after it is printed on by the apparatus, and Fig. 13 is a face view of the ticket printed by the apparatus.

The improved printing apparatus is provided with a table A, on the rear end of which is pivoted at B an up and down swinging frame B, carrying at its right-hand side a ticket-printing device 0 and at its left-hand side a printing device C, both approximately similar in construction and arranged to print like characters on a ticket and on a shippingreceipt, as indicated in Figs. 13 and 12. An up and down swinging motion is given to the swinging frame B by the operator givinga full turn to a crank-arm D, arranged on one side of the table A and secured on a longitudinally-extending shaft D, journaled in suitable bearings onthe top of the table A.

The inner end of the shaft D carries a crank arm or disk D pivotallyconnected by an adjustable link D with the free end of the frame B, so that a full turn of the shaft D causes a downward or upward swinging motion of the frame B. Normally the crankarm D stands in a downward position, as illustrated in Figs. 1, 2, and 9, said arm then being held in position by a spring D secured to the side of the table A, said spring permitting a turning of the crank-arm and at the same time holding it in place when a revolution is completed.

The ticket-printing device 0 is provided with a type-wheel E, formed on its periphery with type characters indicating numerals from 1[0 10in consecutive order, to permit ofprinting the number, of pieces belonging to a single shipment on the ticket, each numeral having the Word on above it, so that if the numeral 3, for instance, is printed it reads 5 pieces belong to the single shipment. A similar type-wheel E is on the shipping-receiptprinting device 0, and the two wheels are set in unison, so that corresponding numerals are printed at the same time, as hereinafter more fully explained.

Next to the type-wheel E is arranged a which means that threeunits-type wheel F, and next to this wheel is arranged a tens-type wheel F, of which the type-wheel F is provided on its periphery wit-h consecutive numerals from 0 to 9, and the wheel F is provided with consecutive numerals from 1 to 9, and said wheels are used for printing the temporarynumber of a railroad car or other place, as hereinafter more fullydescribed. A similar set of type wheels F F is arranged alongside the typewheel E for the shipping-receipt-printing device, and these two wheels F F are operated in unison with the wheels F F, so that the same type-characters are printed at one time on both the ticket and the shipping-receipt.

At the right-hand side of the type-wheel E is arranged a set of consecutive-numbering wheels G, which serve to print consecutive numerals on the ticket to indicate the 11mm ber of tickets issued during, say, one day. A similar set of consecutive-numbering wheels G is arranged at the left of the type-wheel Efor the shipping-receipt-printing device, so that the shipping-receipts are provided with consecutive numerals during a days work, it being understood that by this arrangement ordinarily a ticket is printed for each shipping-receipt and bears the same characters; but it frequently occurs that a number of tickets are required for a large shipment for which only a single shipping-receipt is made out. Now in this case the single shippingreceipt is printed with as many sets of characters as tickets are issued to dispose of the whole shipment.

The type-wheels E, F, F, and G for the Ticket-printing devices are mounted to turn loosely on a longitudinallyextending but short shaft II, held in the frame l3, and the type-wheels E, F F and G are mounted to turn 011 a similar shaft II, likewise held in the frame B by the shipping-receipt-printing device 0'.

Now in order to rotate or set the wheels E E in unison I provide a crank-arm I, arranged on the top of the free end of the frame B and within convenient reach of the operator, said crank-arm I being secured on the upper end of a vertically-disposed shaft I, mounted to turn in suitable hearings in the frame B. On the lower end of this shaft 1 is secured a beveled gear-wheel I in mesh with a beveled gear-wheel I fastened on a longitudinally-extending shaft I, journaled in suitable bearings on the free end of the frame B and carrying at both its outer ends the gear-wheels I I in mesh with gear-wheels E secured or formed on the faces of the type-wheels E E, respectively, Now it will be seen that when the crank-arm I is turned a rotary motion is given to the shaft I, and this motion is transmitted by the gear-wheels I l to the shaft I which by the sets of gearwheels I E and I E causes a simultaneous turning of the two type-wheels E E to set the same with the character to be printed lowermost.

In order to indicate which of the characters is at the time in a lowermost or printing position, I provide a graduation I on the top surface of the frame B, the graduation indicating the numerals 1 to 10, as plainly shown in Fig. 1, and said numerals correspond with the numerals on the wheels E E. The graduation I is arranged in the segment of a circle close to the free end of the crank-arm I, which latter is provided in its free end with a springpressed pin 1 adapted to be seated in one of a series of recesses 1 formed in the top of the frame B and in radial alinement with the numerals of the graduation 1 When the operator desires to bring the numerals 8 on the wheels E E into a lowermost position, he moves the crank-arm I to bring the pin 1 into the recess 1 in radial alinement with the numeral 8 011 the graduation 1 I11 order to simultaneously set the unitstype wheels F F I provide a crank-arm J, arranged on the top of the frame B at the free end thereof and at the left of the crankarm I, said crank-arm J being secured on the upper end of a vertically-disposed shaft J, journaled in suitable bearings in the frame B.

On the lower end of the shaft J is secured a beveled gear-wheel A in mesh with a beveled gear-wheel J fastened on a longitudinally-extending shaft J, journaled in suitable bearings in the free end of the frame B, as plainly indicated in the drawings. The outer ends of the shaft J carry the gearwheels J and J 6 in mesh with gear-wheels F F respectively, secured or fastened on the faces of the units-type wheels F and F respectively.

The crank-arm J is similar in construction to the crank-arm I and is adapted to be set on a graduation J indicating consecutive numerals from O to 9, which numerals correspond to the consecutive numerals on the peripheries of the units-type wheels F I, as previously mentioned. Thus when the operator desires to set both units-wheels F F with the numeral 6 in a lowermost position ready for printing, then the operator moves the crank-arm J to the numeral 6 on the graduation 1'. In doing so the crank-arm J turns the shaft J, which by the gear-wheels J and J causes a turning of the shaft J and the motion of the latter is transmitted by the gear-wheels J J to the gear-wheels E E respectively, so that the units-type wheels F F are turned until the numeral 6 is in a lowermost position.

The tens-type wheels F and F are operated simultaneously and similarly to the unitswheels, and for this purpose I provide a crankarm K, arranged on the top of the frame B at the left of the crank-arm J. (See Figs. 1

and 2.) This crank-arm K is secured on the upper end of a vertical shaft K, journaled in the frame B and carrying at its lower end a beveled gear-wheel K in mesh with a beveled gear-wheel I, attached to a longitudinally-extending shaft K, journaled in the free end of the frame B, and carrying at its outer ends spur-wheels K K in mesh with spur-wheels F F, respectively secured on the faces of the tens-type wheels F F respectively.

The crank-arm K indicates on agraduation K representing numerals from 1 to 9, so that when it is desired to bring the numeral, say 5, on both tens-wheels FF simultaneously into a lowermost or printing position, then the operator turns the crank-arm K to the numeral 5 on the graduation K In moving said crank-arm to this position the shaft K is turned and its motion is transmitted by the gear-wheels K K to the shaft K, which by the gear-wheels K K and K rotates the two tens-whee1s F and F simultaneously to bring the numeral 5 into a lowermost or printing position.

The sets of consecutive-numbering wheels G G are automatically actuated on swinging the frame 13 up and down, and as both sets of consecutive-numbering wheels are actuated in the same manner and by the same means it suffices to describe the actuating means for one device onlyna1nely, for the set of consecutive-numbering wheels G, as indicated in Figs. 5 6, 7, and S.

In the frame B is jonrnaled a longitudinally-extending rock-shaft L, carrying at its right-hand end a crank-arm L, pivotally connected with a link L fulcrumed on the top of the table A, so that when an up and down swinging motion is given to the frame B said link acts on the crank-arm L to impart a rocking motion to the shaft L. On the latter are secured rearwardly projecting crankarms L one for each set of consecutivenumbering wheels G or G, each arm being pivotally connected by a link N with a T- shaped lever N", fulcrumed loosely on a shaft 0, carrying loose gear-wheels O in mesh with the several numbering-wheels of the set of numbering-wheels G or G.

The gear-wheel O for turning the unitsnumbering wheel of the set of numberingwheels is adapted to be turned by a pawl P, fulcrumed on an arm P, forming part of the said lever N, so that when the latter receives a swinging motion a like motion is given to the arm P, and consequently the pawl P turns the gear-wheel O for turning the unitsnumbering wheel to the next numeral on every full up and down motion of the frame B. Pawls P respectively restrain the gearwheels 0 from retrograde movement. I

It is understood that when the frame B swings downward the pawl P passes over the teeth of the gear-wheel 0, (see Fig. 8,) but when the frame B swings upward then the gear-wheel O is turned to change the unitsnumbering wheel to the next numeral, so that on a following stroke a consecutive number is printed by each set of numbering-wheels G G. lVhen the units-numbering wheel completes a revolution, then the tenth units-wheel is turned to the next numeral, in the manner usually employed, by consecutive numbering-wheels contained in this class, so that further description of the same is not deemed necessary.

In order to ink all the type-wheels of the ticket-printing device 0 and those of the shipping-receipt-printing device C, I provide an inking-roller Q for each set of wheels, said inking-roller being made in the form of a pad saturated with the ink. The inking-roller Q is hung on springs Q andis journaled loosely in a frame Q which carries said springs, said frame being also provided with an arm Q pivoted at Q on one side of the free end of the frame B. The arm Q is pivotally connected by a link N with the three-armed 1ever N, so that when the latter receives a swinging motion then a like motion is given to the frame Q and consequently the inkingroller Q is moved over the type on the several type-wheels for both types 0 C, and consequently the lowermost types are inked previous to making the impression.

' The platen Rfor the shipping-receipt-printing device is arranged in a recess in the table A directly below the type-wheels of said device. The platen'R is mounted yieldingly to permit a proper impression to be made on the shipping-receipt, said platen being supported for this purpose on springs R, set in recesses in the table A, as plainly indicated in Figs. 2 and 8. The upward motion of the platen R is limited by fixed plates R secured to the table A, and the shipping-receipt is prevented from adhering to the type-wheels on the upward or return movement of the frame B by means of a suitable guide R extending lonreadily understood by reference to the draw ings.

The platen S for the ticket-printing device 0 is likewise mounted yieldingly in the table A, as illustrated in Figs. 2 and 3, said platen being for this purpose mounted. on springs S, set in a recess in said table. The blank tickets for delivery to the platen S are stacked in a stack T, set on the rear part of the table A and having one of its sides made in the form of a slide for conveniently filling the stack with the blank tickets. The bottom ticket in the stack is adapted to be pushed out from under the next following one and shifted forwardly by a pusher U, fitted to slide laterally in suitable guideways held on the table A. The pusher U ispivotally connectedby links U with arms U secured on longitudinallyextending shaft U journaled in suitable hearings on the front of the stack T, as plainly shown in Figs. 1 and 9, said shaft U carrying an arm U pivotally connected by a link U with the swinging frame B near the free end thereof, so that the up and down swinging motion of said frame B causes a reciprocating movement of the pusher U, said pusher moving rearward on the downward I to swinging of the frame B and forward on the return or upward swinging of said frame. Thus 011 every return movement of the frame the lowermost ticket in the stack is pushed out and forward in the guideways U", held on the table A. The several tickets thus pushed out are shifted forward until a ticket. passes onto the platen S to be in position to be printed on by the next downward movement of the frame B. The ticket is held in place during the printing operation by springs U secured to the guideways U. The ticket after it is printed is pushed OK the platen by the next following blank ticket, and the printed ticket falls through an opening A into a chute V, which delivers the printed ticket to one side of the machine.

The operation is as follows: WVhen the several parts of the machine are in the position illustrated in Figs. 1, 2, 5, and 9 and it is desired to print type-characters on adocument such as a shipping-receipt or way-bill, at the same time printing a check or ticket having like type-characters on it, then the operator first turns the crank-arms I, J, and K to the numerals on the graduations 1 J and K corresponding to the type characters to be printed on said way-bill or shipping-receipt and the blank ticket V on the platen S. When the ticket-printing device 0 and the shipping-receipt-printin-g device 0 are thus adjusted, the operator gives one turn to the crank-arm D to cause a downward swinging of the frame B, whereby an impression is made by the lowermost type of the typewheels of said printing devices 0 O on both the shipping-receipt W and the blank ticket \V. The same characters are printed on both shipping-receiptand ticket, as indicated in Figs. 12 and 13, it being understood that the number 314 is the consecutive number ofthe ticket printed and issued and the shipping-receipt printed that day, while the next n character indicates that the shippingreceipt calls for three packages addressed to the same party in the same place. The numeral 12 on the shipping-receipt and ticket indicates that the merchandise which the shipping-receipt calls for is to be delivered by the workman taking the ticket V to the car, No. 12, destined, in this particular instance, for Chicago, Illinois, as will be seen by ref erence to the address on the shipping-recei pt in Fig. 12.

Now it will be seen that by the arrangement described the printing and inking takes place during the first half-revolution of the crank-arm D, and then during the next halfrevolution the frame B swings back to its normal uppermost position at the same time the printed ticket is pushedby'the next succeeding blank over the platen F, and the printed ticket drops into the chute V, which delivers it to one side of the machine. The

ticket is then taken by the workman having charge of the merchandise indicated by the shipping-receipt, said workman delivering the goods and ticket to the stevedore at car No. 12. During the upward movement of the frame B the next blank ticket is pushed upon the platen S, the printed shipping-receipt is removed and filed away, and the consecutive-numbering wheels G G are shifted to the next numeral to be ready for the next impression. The operator in charge of the machine on receiving the next shipping-receipt again shifts the crank-arms I, J, and K, if necessary, and the above-described operation is repeated.

Having thus fully described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent- 1. Aprinting device of the class described, provided with a main frame mounted to swing, two printing devices held on said frame and placed suitable distances apart, one of the said devices being for printing a blank ticket and the other being for simultaneously printingduplicate characters on a shipping-recei pt or like document, each printing device comprising a set of type-wheels, means, for setting the corresponding type-wheels of the two printing devices simultaneously, to bring the same type-characters into printing position, and a set of consecutive-numbering wheels for each printing device, said wheels being automatically actuated by the swinging of said frame, substantially as shown and described.

2. A printing apparatus of the class described, provided with a main frame mounted to swing, two printing devices held on said frame and placed suitable distances apart, one of the said devices being for printing a blank ticket and the other being for simultaneously printing duplicate characters on a shipping-receipt orlike document, each printing device comprisinga set of type-wheels, a crank-arm for the corresponding sets of typewheels in the two printing devices, and intermediate mechanism between the crankarm and the corresponding sets of typewheels, to set the latter simultaneously, to bring the same type-characters into printing position, substantially as shown and described.

3. A printing apparatus of the class described, provided with a main frame mounted to swing, two printing devices held on said frame and placed suitable distances apart, one of the said devices being for printing a blank ticket and the other being for simultaneously printing duplicate characters 011a shipping-receipt or like document,each printing device comprising a set of type-wheels, a crank-arm for the corresponding sets of typewheels in the two printing devices, intermediate mechanism between the crank-arm and the corresponding sets of type-wheels, to set the latter simultaneously and bring the same type-characters into printing position, and an inking-roller for each printing device and mounted to roll over the faces of the typecharacters in printing position, said inking roller being journaled in a frame mounted to swing and actuated from the swinging main frame,-substantially as shown and described.

at. A printing apparatus of the class described, provided with a main frame mounted to swing, two printing devices held on said frame and placed suitable distances apart, one of the said devices being for printing a blank ticket and the other being for simultaneously printing duplicate characters on a shipping-receipt or like document,each printing device comprising a set of type-wheels, a

crank-arm for the corresponding sets of typewheels in the two printing devices, intermediate mechanism between the crank-arm and the corresponding sets of type-wheels, to set the latter simultaneously, and bring the same type-characters into printing position, and a spring-pressed pin in the free end of each crank-arm and adapted to engage one of a series of numbered recesses in said main frame, substantially as shown and described.

5. A printing apparatus of the class described, provided with two printing devices held suitable distances apart, said printing devices being provided with corresponding type-wheels mounted to turn loosely, and each provided with a gear-wheel, a shaft carrying gear-wheels in mesh with the gear-wheels of the two corresponding type-wheels in the two printing devices, a second shaft geared with the first-named shaft, and a crank-arm for turning said second shaft, substantially as shown and described.

6. A printing apparatus of the class described, provided with two printing devices held suitable distances apart, said printing devices being provided with corresponding type-wheels mounted to turn loosely, and each provided with a gear-wheel, a shaft carrying gear-wheels in mesh with the gear-wheels of the two corresponding type-wheels in the two printing devices, a second shaft geared with the first-named shaft, and a crank-arm for turning said second shaft, the crank-arm being provided with a spring-pressed pin adapted to engage one of a series of numbered recesses in a fixed part to hold the crank-arm temporarily in place, substantially as shown and described.

7. A printing apparatus of the class described, provided with a main frame mounted to swing, a rock-shaft journaled in the free end of said frame, a connection between said shaft and a fixed part for imparting a rocking motion to the shaft on swinging the said frame, a set of consecutive-numbering wheels journaled in the said frame, gear-wheels for shifting said consecutive -numbering wheels, a pawl for the gear-wheel in mesh with the unitswheel of the said consecutive -numbering wheels, and a connection intermediate said pawl and the said shaft, to actuate the latter for turning said gear-wheel, substantially as shown and described.

8. A printing apparatus having two sets of printing-wheels, a plurality of rotary shafts respectively geared with the printing-wheels, a gear fixed to each rotary shaft, an additional shaft for each first-named rotary shaft, a gear fixed to each additional shaft and meshed with the gears on the'first-named rotary shafts, and a crank-arm for each of said additional shafts, substantially as described.

9. A printing apparatus having a table, a frame pivoted to the table, means for moving the frame toward and from the table, two typewheels carried by the frame, a rotary shaft carried by the frame and geared with the typewheels, a second rotary shaft carried by the frame and geared with the first rotary shaft, and a crank-arm fixed to said second rotary shaft, substantially as described.

10. A printing-machine having a table, a frame pivoted to the table, a numbering apparatus carried by the frame, a rock-shaft on the frame, a crank on the rock-shaft, a link connected to the crank and to the table whereby to rock the shaft as the frame swings, a lever in connection with the rock-shaft, a pawl pivoted to the lever, and a gear-wheel with which the pawl engages whereby the gearwheel is turned, the gear-wheel transmitting movement to the numbering-machine, substantially as described.

11. A printing-machine having a table, a frame pivoted to the table, a numbering-inachine carried by the frame, a rock-shaft on the frame, a connection between the rockshaft and the table whereby the rock-shaft is moved as the table swings, a lever in connection with the rock-shaft, a pawl carried by the lever, and a gear-wheel driven by the pawl and transmitting movement to the numbering-machine, substantially as described.

12. A printing-machine having a table, a frame pivoted to the table, a numbering-machine carried by the frame, a rock-shaft on the frame, the rock-shaft being moved by the swinging of the frame, a lever in connection with the rock-shaft, a pawl carried by the lever, and a gear-wheel driven by the pawl and transmitting movement to the numberingmachine, substantially as described.

13. A printing-machine having a table, a frame pivoted to the table, two sets of printing devices each comprisinga series of Wheels, the wheels of one printing device being duplicated in the wheels of the second device, and a number of independent means for adjusting simultaneously and in unison each pair of duplicated wheels, substantially as de- Witnesses:

JNo. M BITTER, F. W. HANAFORD.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2528740 *Dec 7, 1945Nov 7, 1950Nat Marking Mach CoTagging and listing machine
US3179046 *Nov 16, 1961Apr 20, 1965Addressograph MultigraphPlaten roller mounting means in manually operable printing machines
US3195454 *Apr 29, 1963Jul 20, 1965Paul Druehl LouisAmount control and date and place stamping machine for u. s. printpunched money orders
US4459910 *Sep 30, 1982Jul 17, 1984Metal Box Can, Inc.Embossing machine with indexing mechanism
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationB41K3/00