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Publication numberUS586718 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 20, 1897
Filing dateDec 22, 1896
Publication numberUS 586718 A, US 586718A, US-A-586718, US586718 A, US586718A
InventorsWilliam Wharton
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Amusement apparatus
US 586718 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(No Model.)

W. WHARTON, Jr.

AMUSEMENT APPARATUS.

Witnesses.

Patented July 20, 1897.

I! lventor.

UnTTEn STATES PATENT OFFICE.

TVII JJAM \VHARTON, JR., OF PHILADELPHIA, PET .NSYLVANIA.

AMUSEMENT APPARATUS.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 586,718, dated July 20, 1897.

Application filed December 22, 1896- Serial No. 616,632. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern.-

Be it known that LWILLIAM \VHARTON, J r., of the city and county of Philadelphia, State of Pennsylvania, have invented an Improvement in Amusement Apparatus, of which the following is a specification.

My invention has reference to amusement apparatus designed to produce artificial waves or breakers upon a sloping beach; and it consists of a tank or pond of considerable dim ensions having a sloping beach and adapted to contain water, and certain hydraulic waveproducing apparatus used in connection therewith, as hereinafter set forth.

My invention will be better understood by reference to the accompanying drawing, which represents an elevation view of my im proved wave-producing apparatus, partly in section.

P represents a tank or pond of any suitable construction for containing water. At one side I arrange a sloping beach B, toward which the artificial waves made by the waveproducing apparatus are impelled.

T represents a large storagetank into which water is raised through the pipe D by means of the force-pump E, which may be operated by a steam-engine F or by an electric motor or any other convenient motor. The storagetank '1 is elevated at some height above the level of the water in the pond P, so that when the valve G is opened a body of water is allowed to descend out of the storage -tank through the outgoing pipe H with considerable velocity and momentum. At I there is a bend in the out-goin g pipe, so that the motion of the descending body of water is changed to a horizontal direction, or nearly so, as may be desired. A body of water is thus projected horizontally with great impetus and eifeet against the water in the pond P, by which means a wave is produced and is impelled toward the opposite side of the pond. hen this wave reaches the sloping beach B, it will rush upward thereon and the effect of an ocean-wave will be artificially produced.

By a suitable device I arrange the valve G so that it shall be opened and shut off at such intervals as maybe desired. One method of operating the valve G is shown on the draw ing, in which the lover I), actuated by the piston-rod of the engine and pivoted ate, moves the rod (1, connecting with the valve G. Upon the piston-rod is a ring on, ad justabl y secured thereto, and when the piston-rod has moved forward nearly to the end of its stroke the projecting edge of the ring will push against the short arm of the lever Z), so that the long arm of the lever will then pull the rod (1 and thus open the valve G, allowing the water to descend out of the tank T. The spring 8, pulling on the leverb, keeps the valve G closed at all times excepting the very short time in which the ring 171 presses against the short arm of the lever. It is desirable to have the valve G remain open but a very short time and to have it opened quickly and closed quickly. These objects are accomplished by adjusting the ring at so nearly at the end of the stroke of the piston-rod that the time of its pressure against the short arm of the lever 1) will be of very small duration, while the great length of the long arm of the lever 12 compared with its short arm causes the Valve G to be operated quickly and fully by a very small movement of the ring at against the short arm of the lever. The ring m can be adj ustably secured to the piston-rod by means of a set-screw or by its being in the form of a threaded nut working upon a screw-thread cut upon the piston-rod. In this way the length of time for keeping the valve G open can be varied by changing the position of the ring m. It is evident that various other means for actuating the valve G may be employed besides those shown in the drawing.

By placing the tank T at some height above the level of the water in the pond a more sudden descent of the water is caused than by placing the tank near the level of the water in the pond and the sudden impact of the volume of water thus released is more effective.

hat I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is

1. In apparatus for producing artificial Waves and breakers, the combination of a tank or pond having an inclined side or beach extending from above to below the Water-level, a storage-reservoir supported at a higher elevation than the waterin the pond, a dischargepipe extending downward and directed toward the water in the pond, and an intermit tently-actnated valve to control the flow of the water through said pipe whereby excessive and intermittent rushes of water are delivered against the water in the pond to cause it to form into long waves which are converted into breakers by the return water flowing down the inclined beach or side.

2. In apparatus for producing artificial waves and breakers, the combination of a tank or pond having an inclined side or beach extending from above to below the water-level, astorage-reservoir supported at a higher elevation than the waterin the pond, a dischargepipe extending downward and directed horizontally toward the water in an inclined or distant side or beach of the pond, and an intermittently-actuated valve to control the flow of the water from the storage tank through said pipe whereby excessive and intermittent rushes of water are delivered horizontally against the water in the pond to cause it to form into long waves which are converted into breakers by the return water flowing down the inclined beach or side.

3. In apparatus for producing artificial waves and breakers,the combination of a tank or pond having an inclined side or beach extending from above to below the water-level, a storage-reservoir supported at a higher elevation than the water in the pond, continuously-operating water-elevating power devices for supplying water to the storage-tank, a discharge-pipe extending downward and directed toward the water in the pond, and intermittently-operatin g means to control the flow of the water through said pipe whereby excessive and intermittent rushes of water are delivered against the water in the pond to cause it to form into long waves which are converted into breakers by the return water flowing down the inclined beach or side.

4. In apparatus for producing artificial waves and breakers, the combination of a tank or pond having an inclined side or beach,with an elevated reservoir adjacent to the pond, apparatus for pumping water into the reservoir,and intermittently-controlled devices for permitting a large body of water to pass from the reservoir into the tank at a distance from the inclined side or beach to produce traveling waves of great length which are converted into breakers when they reach the beach by the reverse action of the water down the inclined beach.

5. A tank or pond having an inclined side or beach in combination with an elvated storage-tank T having an outgoing-pipe H adapted to discharge horizontally into the pond, a power-driven apparatus for pumping water into the storage-tank, and an intermittentlyoperated valve G under the control of the pumping machinery or driving apparatus for intermittently discharging the water from the storage-tank through the pipe into the pond.

6. The method of producing breakers artificially, which consist-s in introducing into a relatively large body of water contained in a receptacle having a gradually-sloping side at a point opposite said side, intermittent jets of water in relatively small volume in a substantially horizontal direction against said large body, substantially as described.

In testimony of which invention I have hereunto set my hand.

\VM. IVIIARTON, JR.

\Vitnesses:

J. XV. KENWORTHY, ERNEST HOWARD HUNTER.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2439866 *Mar 6, 1945Apr 20, 1948Otto SaladinOpen-air swimming pool
US3473334 *Jun 24, 1968Oct 21, 1969Dexter PhillipApparatus and method for producing waves
US3523307 *Nov 24, 1967Aug 11, 1970Buswell Richard BobartApparatus for producing a moving fluid surface
US5738590 *Sep 18, 1996Apr 14, 1998Lochtefeld; Thomas J.Method and apparatus for a sheet flow water ride in a single container
US5899634 *Oct 22, 1996May 4, 1999Light Wave, Ltd.Simulated wave water sculpture
US6019547 *Oct 6, 1997Feb 1, 2000Hill; Kenneth D.Wave-forming apparatus
US6336771Jan 3, 2000Jan 8, 2002Kenneth D. HillRotatable wave-forming apparatus
US7666104Mar 8, 2004Feb 23, 2010Light Wave, Ltd.Water ride attraction
US7950875May 21, 2008May 31, 2011Benham Roger AWater feature device
US8708768May 16, 2011Apr 29, 2014Richard Alan FahnlineWhirlpool toy
USRE39171 *May 4, 2001Jul 11, 2006Light Wave, LtdSimulated wave water sculpture
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationE04H4/0006