US 586846 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
(No Model.) 3 Sheets-Sheet 1.
J. H. HAMMER. BGG CRATE.
No. 586,846. Patented July 20, 1897.
(No Model.) 3 sheetssheet 2. J. H. HAMMER. BGG CRATE.
No. 586,846. Patented July 20, 1897.
(No Model.) 3 Sheets-Sheet 3.
J. H. HAMMER.
No. 586,846. Patented July 20,1897.
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SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 586,846, dated July 20, 1897.
Application filed March l5, 1897. Serial No. 627,635. (Nogmodeli) To all whom t may concer/"2,:
Be it known that I, JOHN HENRY HAMMER, a citizen of the United States of America, residing at Allegheny, in the county of Allegheny and State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Egg-Crates, of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawings.
This invention relates to certain new and useful improvements in metallic egg-crates, and has for its object to provide a shippingcrate made entirely of metal and formed in two sections.
The object of my improvement is to construct an egg-crate which will be strong and light, and being formed in two sections, the sections hinged together saves much time in packing, and further aims to provide a crate which will occupy but a very small space when nested for shipment.
A still further object is to provide a crate which will accommodate a limited number of eggs andinsure safety during transportation.
With the above andlother objects in view my invention finally consists in the novel construct-ion, combination, and arrangement of parts to be hereinafter more specifically described, and particularly pointed out in the claim.
In describing the drawings in detail reference is had to the accompanying drawings, formingapart of this specification and wherein like figures of reference indicate similar parts throughout the several views,in which- Figure l is a top plan view of one section. Fig. 2 is a modification showing one section in dotted lines. Fi 3 is a sectional view of a modified form with the cups removed. Figs. 4c, 5, and G are still further modiiications showing elastic packing. Fig. 7 is a sectional view showing manner of joining the cells. Fig. S is a modification. Fig. 9 is a modiiication showing packing material and means for ventilation. Fig. lO is a still further modification showing the sections hinged together and locking means. Fig. ll is a still further modicat-ion showing means for ventilation.
Referring to the drawings, l designates a metal plate having openings 3, (shown in Fig. 3,) in whichare secured cup-shaped cells to receive one-half of an egg. l are holes in which advertisements of any description may be placed.
Each crate is formed of two sections. The openings or cells of both sections are made to register, each to accommodate onehalf of the egg.
The crates shown in Figs. l and 2 are made to accommodate one dozen, but they can be made to accommodate any number.
The cups 2 are provided with a iiange 5, adapted to rest upon the plate l. The cups may have a continuous lining (i, of elastic material, to protect the eggs.'
7 are depressions to receive a cushion 8 of any desired design.
In Fig. 7 the cells are secured to each other and provided with a downwardly-projecting flange 9 to serve as a support.
Referring to Fig. 9, the sections are separated a distance by means of a projection or lug 9n to admit air or light.
Fig. l shows an individual egg-cell which can be used for various purposes.
In constructing the crate the operation is as follows: The plate lis stamped or cut into any desired shape and provided with openings 3, also having a downwardly-projecting flange forming a support. The cup-shaped cells are formed to accommodate one-half an egg, having a [lange 5, when the cell is placed in the opening, the flange resting on the plate, forming a support for the cell, having a space on the plate not covered by the flange. To complete the crate, a duplicate section is placed on top of the first section, the openings in the two sections registering.
By placing the plastic material on the plate between the flanges the two sections are securely fastened together, excluding moisture, air, or light, thus preserving the eggs for an indefinite period. I do not limit myself to this particular means for securing the sections together. I can hinge them together at one side or by means of bolts passing through the plates.
It will be noted that various changes may be made in the details of construction without departing from the general spirit of my invention.
Having fully described my invention, what IOO I Claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters ing the plates together, 'substantially as shown Patent, is-n and described. 1o In an egg-crate a plate forming one section In testimony whereof I affix my signature provided With openings, and a downwardlyin presence of two Witnesses.
5 projecting iiange forming a support, eup- .I OI-IN HENRY HAMMER.
shaped Cell removably secured in said open- Vtnesses: ings, elastic lining for said eells,ventilating W. II. TIMMERMANN, space between the plates and means for look- THOS. M. BOYD, Jr.