Improvement in tube-sheet cutters
US 58924 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
UNITED STATES PATENT OEEIcE.
THEODORE L. WEBSTER, OF BROOKLYN, NEW' YORK.
IMPROVEMENT IN TUBE-SHEET CUTTERS.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 68,924, dated October 1G, 1866.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, TnEoDoRE L. WEB- STER, of Brooklyn, in the county of Kings and State of New York, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Tube-Sheet Gutters for Steam-Boilers; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, making a part of this speeitication, and to the letters of reference marked thereon.
By the ordinary method of preparing the tube-sheets of steam-boilers for the reception of the tubes, after the sheets are laid out with lines that intersect at the points corresponding with the intended centers of the tubes, the centers are first marked with a punch, small holes are then drilled through the plate, and the plate is finally bored to the sive required with a pin or teat drill. The first small holes are required for the stcadiment of the teatdrill, making the larger holes for the tubes.
The object ot" my invention is to dispense with that portion of the labor hitherto required for the drilling of the preliminary small holes; and it is accomplished by means of a tool that lnay be centered in the center-punch or prick-punch markings, where it is held steadily while the holes for the reception of the tubes are being bored through the plate by the advance of the critters.
To attain this end my invention consists ot' a new arrangement of a circular cutter and spring-center, by which the circular head forming the cutter is titted to the tool-stock with a lantern -jcint, and the spring center works within the stock, and is retained by a key working in a slot.
When the center is placed in a center-punch marking, the drill may be fed down to the plate and passed through it, while the center Aremains in the marking and holds the cutter securely, the spring yielding gradually as the boring and the feeding progresses.
To enable others skilled inthe arts to which it appertains to make and use myinvention, I will proceed to describe its construction and operation with reference to the drawings.
Figure l is an outside view of the said improved tool, and Fig. 2 is a longitudinal sec tion, and Fig. 3 an end view ofthe same.
The socket a may be fitted to a machine in the usual manner. It carries a circular cutter, b, which is secured by the. lantern lock-pin e. rlhis lock corresponds with the direction of the cutting'edges ot' the cutter, so that it remains fastened when the drill is being used or being withdrawn, and may be readily untastcned by simply turning it back when it is required to remove the cutter.
rlhe center d is retained in the socket by the key c, that works in a suitable slot, and it is pressed outward bythe spring f, which should have suth'eient force to resist any tendency to lateral displacement. When the tool is pressed toward a sheet to be drilled the spring yields, and the center rl remains in the center-punch marking, while the cutter advances and passes through the sheet.
By means, therefore, ofthe yielding center, in combination with the circular cutter, a circular disk may be cut at once from the sheet, instead of first drilling a small hole, and then cutting away all the rest ofthe metal with an ordinary pin-drill. A single socket may bc fitted with several sizes of cutters made with offsets as may be required.
I claim- As an article of manufacture, a tool for drillA ing metals, composed ot' a circular cutter and a yielding center, constructed and arranged in the manner described.
THEODORE L. WEBSTER.
Witnesses THOMAS. DAY, WM. KEMBLE HALL.