|Publication number||US5893091 A|
|Application number||US 08/827,829|
|Publication date||Apr 6, 1999|
|Filing date||Apr 11, 1997|
|Priority date||Apr 11, 1997|
|Publication number||08827829, 827829, US 5893091 A, US 5893091A, US-A-5893091, US5893091 A, US5893091A|
|Inventors||Douglas Hunt, Mauro Calvi, Carlen Brett Bennett, Robert L. Hines, Jr., James Peterson|
|Original Assignee||Immediata Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Non-Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (577), Classifications (23), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates generally to a system for managing and distributing information, and more particularly to a system for managing and distributing information via the global computer network and providing a unified system for organizing information.
The Global Computer Network, more commonly referred to as the Internet, is comprised of many individual networks, such as NSFNet and the Defense Data Network, along with gateways to others, such as Bitnet. The Internet is a Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) based network linking millions of computers around the world. The use of TCP/IP allows a wide variety of computers to communicate with one another including Unix workstations, personal computers running MS DOS, Windows, Linux, OS2, MacOS, BeOS, IBM mainframes, DEC mini-computers, and even Cray supercomputers.
The Word Wide Web (WWW) is a network of servers on the Internet, each of which has one or more home pages, and which provides information and hypertext links to other documents on that and other servers. The Word Wide Web was developed in 1989 by Tim Berners-Lee at the European Laboratory for Particle Physics (CERN). World Wide Web servers communicate with clients by using the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP). The resources on the Worldwide Web are provided with Uniform Resource Locators (URLs) which provide an address for the servers that are part of the World Wide Web portion of the Internet. The documents which make up the substance of the World Wide Web are typically viewed using specialized software packages referred to as browsers. When a browser is directed to a URL and the hypertext document associated with URL is displayed by the browser or an associated helper application.
Uniform Resource Locators are a naming scheme for specifying how and where to find any Internet server resource, such as Gopher, FTP, WAIS or Web servers. World Wide Web hypertext documents use URLs to reference other hypertext resources.
The hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP) is an Internet protocol designed expressly for the rapid distribution of hypertext documents. Like other Internet tools, such as FTP, WAIS, or Gopher, HTTP is a client-server protocol. In the client-server model, a client program running on the user's machine sends a message requesting service to a server program running on another machine on the Internet. The server responds to the request by sending a message back to the client. In exchanging these messages the client and the server use a well understood protocol. FTP, WAIS, and Gopher are other examples of Internet client-server protocols, all of which are accessible to a World Wide Web browser.
The HTTP protocol is designed expressly for the delivery of hypertext documents. At the simplest level, HTTP servers act much like anonymous FTP servers, delivering files when clients request them. However, HTTP servers support additional important features including the ability to return to the client not just files, but also information generated by programs running on the server and the ability to take data sent from the client and pass this information on to other programs on the server for further processing. These special server site programs are called gateway programs, because they usually act as a gateway between the HTTP server and other local resources, such as databases. Just as an FTP server can access many files, an HTTP server can access many gateway programs; in both cases, you can specify which resources, files, or programs you want through a URL. The interaction between the server and these gateway programs is governed by the Common Gateway Interface (CGI) specifications. Using the CGI specifications, a programmer can easily write simple programs or scripts to process user queries, interrogate data bases, make images that respond to mouse clicks, download a program to the client machine or any number of other functions.
The Hypertext Markup Language, or HTML, is the language used to prepare hypertext documents. HTML contains commands, called tags, to mark text as headings, paragraphs, lists, quotations, emphasize and so on. It also has tags for including images within the documents, for including fill-in forms that accept user input, and most importantly, for including hypertext links connecting the document being read to other documents or Internet resources such as WAIS databases and anonymous FTP sites. Hypertext links allow a person to click on a string of highlighted text and access a new document, an image, or a movie file from a computer thousands of miles away. The document is specified by URL, which is included in the HTML markup instruction and which is used by the browser to find the designated resource. URLs can point to other HTML documents, pictures, sound files, movie files, or even database search engines. They can be on a local computer or anywhere on the Internet. They can be accessed from HTTP servers or from FTP, Gopher, WAIS, or other servers.
Internet Protocol Multicast (IP Multicast) is a client-server protocol which provides one-to-many and many-to-one communications capability across the Internet. This is substantially different from the traditional one-to-one or point-to-point connections that most current LAN and WAN applications support. Multicasting allows for video conferencing, electronic whiteboards and other multimedia uses for networks as well as non-multimedia applications such as updating mail server databases.
IP Multicast allows the same message to be sent to many locations at once instead of sending the same message to single locations over and over again. IP Multicasting allows routers to efficiently locate routes to many networks and endusers at once. The protocol also allows a single copy of each packet to be sent on a shared link and ensures that packets are only sent to links that have at least one recipient, thereby addressing both networking load and security concerns.
IP Multicast requires destination hosts wanting to receive a multicast to subscribe (register), using the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP). IGMP also supports other related functions, such as leaving a multicast group or specifying an alternate route. Subscribing is done by specifying the Class D IP address used for the particular multicast (similar to tuning to a particular radio station). Routers track such IGMP requests and build a connectivity tree for each possible sender to each registered receiver. When multicast traffic is received from a particular sender, the router uses its tree for that sender to determine on which ports traffic needs to be forwarded. IP Multicast, IGMP, and PIM are further described and defined in RFC 1112 and MBONE Multicasting Tomorrow's Internet, Savetz, Randall and Lepage, IDG Books, Foster City, Calif. 1996.
There are three potential router to router protocols to support routers dynamically learning which multicast group's data need to be sent out which ports. This process is commonly referred to as building trees and the protocols are: Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM) (supported by the ITF and Cisco) which works with more protocols than just TCP/IP; Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol (DVMRP, used by MBONE and supported by Bay Networks); and Multicast Open Shortest Path First (MOSPF, supported by Proteon). Apple Simple Multicast Routing Protocol (SMRP) provides similar capabilities but currently only for Appletalk traffic from applications such as Quicktime Conference.
The most common of the router protocols is Protocol Independent Multicast. PIM's big advantage is that it supports multicast traffic over existing unicast routing protocols, such as IGRP, IS--IS, OSPF, and RIP. Protocol Independent Multicast is further defined as having two distinct modes, dense-mode PIM and sparse-mode PIM.
Dense-mode PIM is intended for networks in which most LANs need to receive the multicast (such as LAN TV, corporate information broadcasts, and other broadcast events). It uses reverse path forwarding, in which the traffic is initially sent to (flooded) all router interfaces (except the one on which it arrived). Downstream routers that do not need a traffic feed (either because they have no receivers on their interface or because they are already receiving the feed from another port) reply with a prune message, asking to be removed from the forwarding list (the tree).
Sparse-mode PIM is generally intended for networks in which several different multicasts (each going to a small number of receivers) are typically in progress simultaneously (such as desk top video conferencing, collaborative computing, and whiteboard applications). Senders and receivers first register with a single router, which is designated the rendezvous point. Traffic is sent by the server to the rendezvous point, which then forwards it to the registered receivers. As intermediate routers see the source and destination of the multicast traffic (it is unlikely that the best path from the source to destination goes through the rendezvous point), they optimize the paths so that the traffic takes a more direct route (likely bypassing the rendezvous point). Traffic is still sent to the rendezvous point, in anticipation of new receivers registering.
One of the most prominent developments to arise out of multicasting has been a shift in the way in which information is gathered and distributed on the Internet. Traditionally, information distribution has occurred through the client-pull model. The new paradigm for information retrieval and distribution is the server-push model.
An example of the client-pull model is a user directing a browser to a particular URL (this is a request for information), the server responds by transferring the HTML associated with the specified URL via HTTP, the user's browser decodes the HTML and displays the hypertext document it defines. This is how the user's client application, the browser, "pulls" information off the server. Often the retrieved hypertext document will have tags referring to other URLs which the user can access by selecting the tag and thereby "pulling" even more information off the server.
In the server-push model, a server multicasts ("pushes") information over a communication channel were it can be accessed by multiple clients by tuning into the appropriate channel much in the same way a television is tuned. The new push technology category of software solves three major problems. First, it reduces the bandwidth used by users who are continuously accessing news services via their browsers. Second, because the channels are organized by topic, it frees the user from having to search through information they are not interested in viewing. Third, it allows for greater control over what the users can access, a distinct advantage in an educational or corporate environment.
The server-push model also enhances the options for information distribution across an enterprise. Users can be provided with custom data from news services and other Websites. Users can send out personalized messages with requests for responses, they can send multimedia files, and even request information from remote databases. These messages can be sent in a variety of means, including pop-up boxes, ticker tapes, screen savers, and wallpaper.
The server-push model and the wide variety of "push" technologies derived from it have provided the user with new sources of information and may reduce the amount of time spent actively searching the Internet for information. However, there is as of yet no coherent method for the user to identify what information he wants to receive. In most prior art implementations the user has only limited options for filtering the information being "pushed" at him/her. Furthermore, most prior art implementations of push technology limit the response available to user. In many instances the user gets a URL pushed at him so that he/she ends up reverting to the traditional client-pull model. There is a need for a push based information distribution method which provides a users with a coherent means for filtering what information is received and intelligently responding to the information. There is a further need for a push based information system that is not based upon a store-and-forward model. There is yet a further need for an information server which does not retain any third party information and is therefore able to minimize the need for scale dependent server hardware and the operational complexity associated with a large datacenter.
The present invention, referred to as a Timely Information Server, is a real-time notification system available to Internet, intranet, LAN, and WAN users. The Timely Information Server is comprised of a method and device for managing and distributing information (in the form of alerts divided into a keyword-part and an argument-part) over a data network. The invention is based upon the server-push model and delivers user notifications of new information posted by participating content providers (referred to as Timely Information Providers) via IP Multicast. In the preferred embodiment, the device on which the client portion of the present invention is implemented is a personal computer connected to a computer network. However, the client may also be implemented as part of a television based information retrieval system or some other device designed to receive the alert signals. While the preferred embodiment uses Internet Protocol Multicast (IP Multicast), alternative broadcasting protocols may be used.
Users can monitor any number of Timely Information Server channels with client software that runs outside of a web browser. Different channels broadcast alerts concerning different types of information (e.g. news, weather, traffic, sports, advertisements, stocks). When an alert is received that meets a predefined set of notification criteria (satisfies a Boolean equation) the client software will execute a program associated with the alert. In the preferred embodiment, when an alert is received that satisfies the notification criteria, a message box containing the alert headline is displayed to the user. Clicking on the message box causes the user's browser to link to a URL associated with the alert (the URL is contained in the argument-part of the alert) and view the details of the story. Alternatively, satisfying the notification criteria may also cause the computer to execute a program that does not require any user intervention.
In the preferred embodiment, the Timely Information Server receives computer readable records (alerts) containing information (in the form of keyword and argument subrecords) from numerous Timely Information Providers, organizes and indexes the information, and broadcasts the information to a plurality of client computers using IP Multicast. The information is organized and indexed by storing the information contained in the record in one or more subrecords referred to as arguments and associating one or more descriptive keywords with the arguments. Both the keywords and the arguments may be elements of the Boolean function used to determine whether or not the notification criteria have been satisfied. In one embodiment a Boolean operation is preformed on the keywords as a first filter and a second Boolean operation examines the contents of the arguments to determine if the alert should be presented to the user or cause the execution of a predefined program. In general, keywords identify the subject matter of the information while the arguments provide content. All of the possible keywords are predefined by the Timely Information Server and are stored in a keyword dictionary on the server.
The notification criteria are based upon a combination of keywords or keywords and arguments arranged as a boolean function. It is the keywords which determine whether or not a incoming record will be evaluated to see if it meets the notification criteria. The keywords used to define the notification criteria are the same as those assigned to an information record by the server and are also taken from the keyword dictionary. The notification criteria are stored in the keyword profile database on the client's computer. If the notification criteria are satisfied, then the user is provided with an alert.
The user sets up his/her keyword profile by either directly or indirectly selecting keywords. Directly selecting keywords refers to the user choosing keywords from the server's keyword dictionary and forming them into the Boolean expressions that are used as notification criteria. Indirect selection may also be used where users would prefer to answer a series of natural language questions and have the software set up the notification criteria. The default action to be taken by the system when notification criteria are satisfied is to display a headline which is one of the arguments and to present the user with the option of viewing an associated webpage through a linked browser.
Alerts may be either visual or auditory and may or may not require some form of user interaction. As discussed, the preferred embodiment of the present invention provides the user with a pop-up window with the headline of the alert (information record) that has satisfied the notification criteria. Clicking on the window takes the user to a web page associated with the alert. As discussed, some alerts may require user interaction such as clicking on a window to follow a URL. Other alerts may automatically take the user to a particular web page and then cause a Java applet or ActiveX control to be executed.
Another feature of the present invention is that it relays tracking information to the Timely Information Server or a separate Tracking Server. This tracking information may include which alerts the user has viewed as well as which alerts he/she has responded to. This tracking information is used to develop and refine personal profiles of the users. It may also be used by the system to suggest other keywords or multicast channels that might be of interest to the user.
The system of the present invention can be programmed to carry out other functions beyond displaying a headline and linking a browser to an associated URL. The system can be instructed to run one or more programs with or without user interaction in response to the satisfaction of notification criteria. These programs can be used to perform any function that a computer can be programmed to perform.
In one embodiment, the system could be used to monitor or buy and sell commodities in response to a preprogrammed set of market conditions that are relayed to the system via alerts. In operation, the user would select a multicast channel that broadcasts commodity information about the market he/she is interested in. The channels may be organized along the same lines as the traditional markets (NASDAQ, NYSE, AOC, etc.) or there may be channels which focus on a single industry, state, or other organizational hierarchy that contains stocks from one or more markets. The keyword-part of the alert would contain the company name, while the argument-part of the alert would contain information about how the commodity is trading. If the alert notification criteria are met, the present invention could display a headline containing a URL linking to more information about the commodity or run a commodity purchasing program which would then by or sell a preprogrammed amount of the commodity. The commodity purchasing program could base its decisions on a single alert or a combination of one ore more alerts along with other information.
In another embodiment, the system could be used to identify merchandise for sale (e.g. computer equipment, clothing, iguanas, real estate) when a particular item becomes available at a particular price or satisfies other criteria. The system could alert the user that the product is available and provide a URL for the user to link to in order to find out more about or purchase the product. Alternatively, the system could also execute a purchase merchandise program when the preprogrammed criteria are satisfied. The user would have the option of tuning into multicast channels organized by product description (laser printers, blue jeans, used cars, homes for sale in Seattle, etc.), by manufacture (NEC, IBM, Eddie Bauer, Victoria Secret, etc.) or by retailer (Nordstrom's, Sears, Wallmart, etc.).
A similar method could also be used for the purchase of airline tickets. The user would set the notification criteria to find an airline flight that matches his/her needs. The keyword-part of the alert describes the price, destination, date and time of travel, airline, and other necessary information and the argument-part of the alert contains supplemental information about the flight. The alert would also contain a URL that would take the user to a website where he/she could purchase airline tickets. Alternatively, matching the notification criteria could cause the execution of a program which actually purchased the tickets for the user without any further intervention beyond defining the purchasing criteria (flight description, any additional requirements, and how much to spend).
Yet another embodiment would use the present invention to advertise rental properties. A Timely Information Provider could send out alerts describing available properties and provide a URL to find out more information about the property or arrange to see the property in person. The keyword-part of the alert could be used to categorize the property. Rental property keywords would include location (e.g. Mercer Island, Seattle, Bellevue), cost per month (e.g. $875.00/month), type of property (e.g. house, apartment, condo), number of bedrooms (e.g. 1, 2, 3, 4), and other keywords necessary for determining whether it is worth the bother for a renter to even look at an advertisement. The argument-part of the alert could contain supplemental information about the available property.
In part of an entertainment system (integrated with a television based web browser), the satisfaction of the notification criteria would cause the client software to run a channel changing program which pauses any video devices currently in use and tunes in to a preferred news channel. This way the user can be kept abreast of information he/she wants to be notified about but does not have to constantly monitor a news channel or even go to the effort of checking it periodically. In this example, the news channel could be a radio, television, or Internet based news service.
As discussed above, the multicast signal used in the present invention may be broadcast via the Internet, an intranet, a satellite, or a ground based radio transmission. With the further development of wireless communications it is likely that the multicast receiver could be embedded in devices other than computers such as radios, televisions and other communication devices.
These and other features of the present invention will be more fully appreciated when considered in light of the following detailed description and drawings.
FIG. 1 is a functional diagram of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a functional diagram of the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a functional diagram of the present invention.
FIG. 4 is a functional diagram of the present invention.
FIG. 5 is a functional diagram of the present invention.
FIG. 6 is a functional diagram of the present invention.
FIG. 7 is a functional diagram of the present invention.
FIG. 8 is a functional diagram of the keyword and argument data structure of the present invention.
FIG. 9 is a functional diagram of the overall architecture of the software of the present invention.
FIG. 10 is a functional diagram of the Timely Information Client Software of the present invention.
FIG. 11 is a functional diagram of the Timely Information Timely Information Provider Client software of the present invention.
FIG. 12 is a functional diagram of the Timely Information Server software of the present invention.
FIG. 1 illustrates the preferred embodiment of the present invention and shows the Timely Information Providers 2a, 2b, and 2c sending information to the Timely Informatiorr Server 4. The Timely Information Server analyzes the incoming information and compares it with its Keyword Dictionary 6 to create an alert composed one or more keywords and one or more arguments. Typically there will be multiple keywords that describe the subject of the alert and multiple arguments including information source identification, a headline, a unique alert identification, and a URL. The Timely Information Server sends the alert over a computer network using IP Multicast. The alert is received by the subscriber clients 8a, 8b, and 8c. The clients 8a, 8b, and 8c compare the keywords in the alert to their local keyword profiles 10a, 10b, and 10c using a predetermined logical (Boolean) expression also referred to as the notification criteria. The client computers then display the alerts that satisfy the notification criteria. If the user selects the displayed alert, then a linked browser will connect to an associated URL (contained in an argument in the alert).
In FIG. 2, one or more Timely Information Providers 2d post new content on their Internet Servers (HTML, FTP, WAIS, GOPHER, Etc.). The Timely Information Providers 2d send information to the Timely Information Server 4. Alternatively, the Timely Information Server 4 could go out and collect information from the Timely Information Providers 2d. The Timely Information Server analyzes the incoming information and compares it with its Keyword Dictionary 6 to create an alert. The Timely Information Server 4 sends the alert over the network. The alert is received by the client computer 8d. The client 8d compares the keywords in the alert to their local keyword profile 10d using a predetermined logical (Boolean) expression. If the notification criteria is satisfied, the client machine notifies the user to the presence of an alert 12. The user then chooses to request the information 14 which uses a separate application such as a WWW Browser 16 which displays one of the Timely Information Providers' information based on one or more arguments contained in the alert. In the alternative, other devices such as a telephone, radio, or television could be used instead of the WWW browser 14 to retrieve the information associated with alert.
At the same time the client 8d retrieves information from the Timely Information Providers 2d, a tracking information packet is sent 15 to the Timely Information Server 4 specifying that the user/client has acted upon the received alert. The client machine 8d may just indicate that an alert was acted upon or it may specify which alert was acted upon by transmitting the unique alert ID. The Server 4 also maintains a current copy of the user's notification criteria, and the client 8d transmits a start time and a stop time that identifies when the client 8d was receiving alerts. By specifying the start and stop times and knowing the notification criteria, the Timely Information Server 4 can identify which alerts have been viewed by the client 8d. Tracking information packets are stored by the Timely Information Server 4 in the tracking information database 18.
In FIG. 3, Branded Information Providers 2e post new content on their Internet Servers. Branded Information Providers 2e send information to the Branded Information Server 20. The Branded Information Server 20 analyzes the incoming information and compares it with its Branded Information Server Keyword Dictionary 6b to create an alert. In the preferred embodiment, the Branded Information Server Keyword Dictionary 6b has the same set of keywords as the Timely Information Server Keyword Dictionary 6a. The Branded Information Server 20 sends the alert over the network via IP Multicast to client 8a who has subscribed (registered) to receive alerts from the Branded Information Server 18. Client 8a compares the keywords to their local keyword profile 10a and notifies user to the presence of an alert 12a that satisfies the notification criteria. The user then chooses to request the information 14a which uses a separate application such as a WWW Browser 16a to display a webpage from the Branded Information Provider 2e. Tracking information about which alerts the client 8a has responded to is sent 15a to the Branded Information Server 20 where it is stored in the branded information tracking database 18b.
The Timely Information Server 4 also receives alerts from the Branded Information Server 20 and forwards them as Timely Information Server 4 alerts where they are received by client 8b. If client 8b responds to any of the alerts, tracking information is sent 15b to the Timely Information Server 4 and stored in the tracking information database 18a. The alerts provided by the Branded Information Server 20 to the Timely Information Server 4 can be the same as those provided to client 8a or they may be modified. Alternatively, clients responding to an alert that originated with from a Branded Information Server 20 could be provided less access to the Branded Information Provider's webpages or may have to view advertisements along with the content.
In FIG. 4, the alert is received by the client 8d. The client 8d compares the keywords to the local keyword profile 10d using a predetermined logical (Boolean) expression. If the notification criteria is satisfied, the client machine either notifies the user that there is an alert that satisfies the notification criteria or responds automatically to the alert by executing a preprogrammed set of instructions. After determining that the alert meets the notification criteria, any necessary user input is retrieved or any decisions which require further computation are made 22 and a response program 24a, 24b, 24c, 24d, 24e, and 24f is executed.
The present invention will have the common response programs available by default. One of the most common programs will be the display headline program 24a wherein an alert headline is displayed and the user is given the option of linking to an associated URL via a browser or dismissing the alert. In the preferred embodiment, the user can have the client automatically dismiss alerts if they have not been selected within a prescribed time limit.
If the client 8d is connected to an appliance, an adjust settings program 24b could be executed to reprogram or change an appliance's settings in response to an alert. An example of this would be a VCR that can be instructed to record a particular type of program. The client 8d would receive alerts providing information about upcoming television programs. If any of the alerts satisfied the alert notification criteria stored in the Keyword profile, then a change settings program 24b would be run and the program would be recorded.
Numerous other programs could also be executed. The user can choose to, or the client can automatically, conduct a transaction such as place a trade, place a bet, or purchase merchandise in response to an alert by executing a conduct transaction program 24c. The user can choose to, or the client can automatically, communicate via email, phone call, or pager, in response to an alert by executing a communication program 24d. The user can choose to, or the client can automatically, change the channel on a television, multicast receiver, or radio by having a change channel program 24e execute in response to an alert. A data gathering and response program 24f could be executed in response to an alert. An example of this might be a program that checks for traffic on the user's route home in response to a weather report and then notifies the user that he/she will have to leave work before a certain time to arrive home by a certain time.
FIG. 5 shows client 8d retrieving a portion of the keyword dictionary from the Timely Information Server 4 and creating a local copy of the keywords in the keyword profile 10d. The client 8d then defines the notification criteria and stores the criteria in the keyword profile 10d. In the preferred embodiment, the client 8d connects to a webpage on the Timely Information Server 4. In one embodiment, the user builds the notification criteria he/she wishes to use by answering a series of questions presented by a setup webpage and then downloads his/her notification criteria to keyword profile 10b. Alternatively the keyword profile 10d may contain all of the words in the keyword dictionary and the software on the client machine may enable the user to change his notification criteria at any time without having to reconnect to the setup webpage on the Timely Information Server 4.
FIG. 6 illustrates the use of a Tracking Server 30 with a Timely Information Server 4 and Branded Information Server 20. The Tracking Server 30 records the tracking packets sent 15a and 15b out by client computers 8a and 8b when the user clicks through to a URL in response to an alert. The Tracking Server 30 allows the Timely Information Server 4 and Branded Information Server 20 to identify who is viewing their information and from where they are receiving their alerts.
FIG. 7 illustrates how the Timely Information Server 4 identifies which alerts a client 8d has received. As discussed earlier, when a client clicks on a headline to link to an associated URL, a tracking packet is sent 15a to the Timely Information Server 4. The Timely Information Server 4 also keeps a record of when the client is receiving alerts and has a copy of the client keyword profile in the client profile mirror 40. The Timely Information Server keeps a record of streamed alerts in the stream track database 42. Since the client 8a provides a start and stop time as to when they were receiving keywords, the Timely Information Server 4 can compare the time the user starts and stops receiving alerts with the stream tracking database 42 and the client profile mirror 40 to determine what alerts the user received. Combined with information from the Tracking information database 18a, reports showing which alerts where responded to out of a group of alerts viewed can be generated.
FIG. 8 shows two types of alerts comprised of keywords and arguments, a multiple keyword/multiple argument (MKMA) alert 50 and a single keyword/multiple argument (SKMA) alert 56. Keywords 52a, 52b, 52c, 52d, and 52e are records which describe the alert and are used to execute the notification criteria which are in the form of a Boolean expression. Arguments 54a, 54b, 54c, 54d, 54e, and 54f are records which contain the content of the alert and are used by the client application to execute an action once the Boolean expression is satisfied.
MKMA alert 50 is comprised of 4 keywords 52a, 52b, 52c, and 52d which describe the alert. The 3 arguments that make up MKMA alert 50 provide the headline 54a that is to be displayed to the user, a URL 54b to be linked to by the browser if the user selects the displayed headline, and time stamp 54c that indicates when the alert was sent out.
SKMA alert 56 is an example of an alert that is used as part of a stock ticker application. It has only 1 keyword 52e which provides a stock market symbol for a commodity and three arguments that provide the price 54d, volume 54e, and time stamp 54f for the commodity.
FIG. 9 illustrates the overall architecture of the software of the present invention. The enduser computer 60 is connected to the Timely Information Server computer 62 which in turn is connected to the Timely Information Provider computer 64. The preferred method of the present invention is comprised of three applications; an Enduser Client (EU Client) 66 running on the enduser computer 60, the Timely Information Server (TIS) 68 running on the Timely Information Provider computer 62, and a Timely Information Provider Client (also referred to as a Content Provider Client or CP Client) 70 running on the Timely Information Provider Computer 64. The applications communicate with each other via application level protocols, generally referred to as transport protocols, running on top of the Internet Protocol (IP). The transport protocols can be further divided into the Enduser Transport and the Timely Information Provider Transport.
The Enduser Transport is used for communication between the Enduser Client 66 and the Timely Information Serve 68. The present invention uses a combination of UDP/IP and TCP/IP as transport-level protocols. As UDP is the only IP protocol that is supported when multicasting, it is used to stream alerts to end users. TCP is used for managing data loss recovery and for tracking purposes.
The Timely Information Provider Transport is used by the Content Providers (Timely Information Providers) for communication between the CP Client 70 and the Timely Information Server 68. The Timely Information Provider Transport uses TCP/IP in unicast mode for a transport-level protocol and provides for alert submission, alert indexing, dictionary updating, and site monitoring.
The Enduser Client 66 is used to monitor the multicast channels and notify users of relevant alerts. It interfaces with the user's browser, which is used both to access the real time content as well as define an interest profile. The Enduser Client application 66 provides for channel monitoring, alert notification, user click-through tracking and enduser options.
To provide channel monitoring, each channel relates to a specific subject matter (e.g. US Company News, European Soccer Scores, current prices for varanids) and broadcasts alerts to all subscribers to that channel. Channels can be selected by a specific function in the Enduser Client 66 or by clicking on an HREF on a content page 72 of a Timely Information Provider Webpage 74 which also includes profiling pages 76. Channels can be encrypted to prevent unauthorized monitoring (e.g. subscription-based real-time quotes services).
Alert notification begins with a user initially defining a profile of interest (i.e. a set of keywords and optionally a search expression) through a Profile Definition Web Page upon registering with the Timely Information Server 68 for the first time and a keyword profile file is created on the user's machine. The profile can be updated by accessing the Timely Information Server's or a Timely Information Provider's profile definition webpage 76 at any point in time. When an alert's keywords meets the filtering criteria defined in the user's keyword profile, the client application alerts the user (by sound signal, maximizing itself if minimized, etc.). The alert's headline is displayed, along with a "Click Here for more info" button.
The Enduser client also tracks user click-through. Clicking on the "Click Here for more info" button will cause a web browser 78 to (launch if not running and) link to the URL contained in the alert, allowing the user to view the details of the alert. The Enduser Client 66 also sends a brief click-through notification to the Timely Information Server 68 or a Tracking Server for tracking purposes.
The Enduser Client 66 also manages enduser options such as notification methods, channels to listen to, headline display format, and any other user definable options.
The present invention accepts information from three types of Timely Information Providers (content providers): active providers, independent providers, and passive providers. Active content providers submit pre-formatted, pre-tagged and pre-indexed alerts to the Timely Information Server. This guarantees the speediest delivery of the notification and the most accurate tagging and indexing of the information. Independent providers perform all the functions of an active provider and opt to stream a "private" Timely Information Server channel or set up an independent Branded Information Server which combines the functions of providing content and serving information. Passive providers do not require the timeliest delivery of the alert, or do not wish to manage the process of tagging and indexing the alerts. In this case, the Timely Information Server 68 regularly monitors (automatically and/or manually) the participating content provider's website 74 and then formats, indexes and transmits the alerts. The monitoring frequency depends on the nature of the information.
While passive providers do not need to run any Timely Information Server 68 specific applications, active and independent content providers need to run the Timely Information Provider Client 70. The Timely Information Provider Client 70 may be utilized in conjunction with a Timely Information Provider Custom Application 80 (designed to generate alerts by interfacing directly with the content production process), and/or by manual submission of alerts. The CP Client 70 also functions as an interface between the Timely Information Provider Profile Definition Page 76 on the Timely Information Provider Web Site 74 and the Timely Information Server 68. The Timely Information Provider Client 70 provides for indexing, alert submission, dictionary management, and manual submission of alerts.
In the preferred embodiment, indexing is performed by accessing the Timely Information Server Keyword dictionary remotely through a high-speed (T1) TCP-IP connection and a Timely Information Server Content Provider DLL.
Alert submission is handled by transmitting the alerts directly to a Queue Manager through the Timely Information Provider Client 70. Alternatively, the Timely Information Provider may generate a pre-formatted, pre-tagged but un-indexed alert which is sent to the Timely Information Server 68, which in turns does the indexing.
Dictionary management allows the Timely Information Providers to create and manage a set of Timely Information Provider specific keywords within the Timely Information Server Keyword Dictionary. The Timely Information Provider Client allows remote and secure access to the Timely Information Server Keyword Dictionary.
The Timely Information Provider Client 70 allows the Timely Information Provider to send alerts manually in addition to or in lieu of using an automated process.
The Timely Information Server 68 communicates with both the enduser computer 60 and the content provider computer 64. It hosts a proprietary keyword dictionary used to index alert notifications and manages the distribution of incoming alerts through a number of alert channels. The Timely Information Server also provides for channel Streaming, alert prioritization, dictionary management, user profile mirroring, tracking, stream tracking, alert indexing, and site monitoring.
Together, the Enduser Client 66, the Timely Information Provider Client 70, and the Timely Information Server 68 applications govern all aspects of the present invention.
Referring to FIG. 10, the Enduser Client 66 is comprised of a Transport Engine 82, which includes a Control Channel Client 84 and a Multicast Channel Receiver 86, a Parsing and Filtering Engine 88, and a User Interface 90. In the preferred embodiment the Enduser Client 66 will also be associated with a web browser 78.
The Enduser Client 66 communicates with the Timely Information Server 68 via the Control Channel Client 84 and the Multicast Channel Receiver 86. The Enduser Client 66 application may be launched by running the executable or may be activated by clicking on a Timely Information Server HREF on a Timely Information Provider's Webpage 74. This will cause the Timely Information Provider's multicast channel to be added to a list of active channels in the Enduser Client 66. The Timely Information Server HREF is identified by a specified file type and protocol.
The User Interface 90 provides notification to the Transport Engine 82 when a click through notification needs to be sent to the Timely Information Server 68. This occurs whenever the browser 78 is activated.
The Parsing and Filtering Engine 88 analyzes each incoming alert and detects whether the alert notification criteria are satisfied. The parsing portion of the engine 88 is responsible for extracting all the individual information items (keywords and arguments) from the incoming alert and storing them in memory variables. The filtering portion of the engine 88 is responsible for detecting whether the alert is a hit using the information in the keyword profile. The Parsing and Filtering Engine 88 also passes hit notification to the User Interface 90 for click-through notification.
A Keyword Profile file is created on the user's machine when the user initially defines a profile by connecting to the Timely Information Server Profile Definition Website and is modified every time the user updates the profile through the Timely Information Server Profile Definition Website. Profiles may defined one of two ways. Simple keyword profiles use a set of keywords and OR logic is used in all cases. Therefor if any of the keywords in the profile occur in the alert then the alert is a hit. Advanced keyword profiles are defined in terms of a Boolean expression using AND, OR, NOT, and all other standard Boolean operators.
The Transport Engine 82 is comprised of the Multicast Channel Receiver 86 and the Control Channel Client 84. The Multicast Channel Receiver 86 is responsible for managing the multicast UDP sockets and monitoring the multicast groups. It detects whether the client is multicast enabled and updates connection status. The Multicast Receiver 86 also opens and closes the UDP sockets and passes individual alert strings to the Parsing Engine 88. It monitors the multicast groups in order to detect missing packets, apply error correction and decrypt encrypted channels. The Control Channel Client 84 manages the unicast TCP/IP socket, requests packet resends in case of missing packets, flags unrecoverable errors to the User Interface 90, and sends the click-through notification to the Timely Information Server 68.
Communication between the Server and the Enduser Client 66 consists of a number of UDP based multicast groups, called Alert Channels, which are responsible for streaming alerts to all the clients, and a unicast TCP/IP session between the individual client 66 and the Server 68 named Control Channel which is used for tracking and error-correction purposes. The former uses a proprietary data structure for the alerts while the latter relies on a proprietary application-level protocol.
The Alert Channel is an IP multicast group used to stream a succession of alerts from the Timely Information Server 68 to all clients 66 subscribed to that multicast group. Each client can listen to an unlimited number of channels simultaneously. Each alert is sent only once and transport protocols are standard IP/UDP and IGMP. An Alert is a variable-length UNICODE record composed of three parts: a Source-ID-part, a key-part and an argument-part. These parts are delimited by a NL (new-line) character. The source-ID-part is an alphanumeric code, that uniquely identifies a Timely Information Provider (assigned by the Timely Information Server). The key-part and argument-part each may have one or more sub-parts which are delimited by a TAB character. In the preferred embodiment the key-part of an alert has one or more sub-parts, one for each key of variable length; the argument-part of an alert has three sub-parts: a Headline, a URL, and a time stamp. Headlines are up to 128 characters and contain the title of the alert. The URL may be up to 128 characters long and recurring sequences (e.g. http://www) are abbreviated). Since UDP is an unreliable transport protocol, and since alerts are sent only once (i.e. the client does not have the opportunity to wait for the next alert re-send in case of data loss), the system includes provisions to deal with the inevitable UDP packet loss, including UDP resend and Forward Error Correction.
With UDP resend, the client will check for missing packets and request individual re-sends from the server using the Control Channel. Packets will be re-sent to individual clients using the Control Channel. The server will also attach an FEC packet to each alert. The client will check for integrity and reconstruct lost packets where possible. Since this increases the bandwidth used, it is a user-defined option.
The Control Channel is a TCP/IP session, constantly active during the Enduser client session that allows a private, dedicated conversation between the client and the Timely Information Server 68. This channel will be used primarily for tracking and error-correction purposes, and therefor will not be critical (i.e. its failure will not determine the end of the enduser session and it will require only minimal bandwidth).
Upon detecting a sequence of missing packets within an alert, the Enduser Client Transport Engine 82 will send a request to the server specifying the IDs of the missing packets and will await fulfillment within a timeout period of time. The request will be repeated a predetermined number of times and, failing to receive the packets, the Enduser Client Transport Engine 82 will discard the alert and instruct the User Interface 90 to display an error message.
Referring to FIG. 11, the Timely Information Provider Client 70 is comprised of Timely Information Provider Transport Engine 92, a User Interface Engine 94, an Indexing Engine 96, and an Alert Submission Engine 98. The Timely Information Provider Client 70 connects to the Timely Information Server 68 via the Timely Information Provider Transport Engine 92. The Timely Information Provider Client 70 also connects to the Timely Information Provider's Website 74 and any Timely Information Provider Custom Applications 80. The Timely Information Provider's Website 74 consists of Profiling Controls 100, a Profiling Definition Page 76, and Content Pages 72. The website 74 is in turn connected to the Timely Information Server 68 and the enduser's browser 78.
Alerts are submitted to the Timely Information Server 68 by means of a TCP/IP unicast connection using a dedicated Timely Information Server application level protocol or HTTP. The protocol, among other things, allows the Timely Information Provider Client 70 to know the status of the outgoing queue, etc. Access to the Timely Information Server Keyword Dictionary is performed by means of a TCP/IP unicast connection using a dedicated application level protocol or HTTP. The protocol includes provisions for validating keywords, getting the relevant Keyword Code (KC) for an existing keyword and updating the Timely Information Provider's keywords in the dictionary.
The Transport 92, Indexing 96 and Alert Submission 98 engines are available as DLLs or ActiveX controls. The Profiling Control 100 is an ActiveX control and/or plugin that Timely Information Providers can easily incorporate in their website 74, while the User Interface 94 is an executable program.
The User Interface 94 is a simple form that allows the Timely Information Provider to submit alerts manually and submit/modify/delete keywords. It also provides access to user options and statistical information about the connection.
The Timely Information Provider Transport Engine 92 manages the transport-level protocol (sockets). It accepts high-level commands from the indexing and alert submission engines and converts them to the Timely Information Server 68 application level protocol or HTTP.
The Indexing Engine 96 provides indexing functions for the Timely Information Provider Client 70. It allows submission of keywords in free text format and returns the Timely Information Server Code or a keyword not-found code. The Indexing Engine 96 provides thesaurus functions which allows the request of all or a subset of terms related to specific keywords. The Indexing Engine 96 also provides user profile functions that allow the Timely Information Provider to submit a user keyword profile to the server 68 and request a user keyword profile based on a user ID. The Indexing Engine 96 also allows Timely Information Providers to submit new keywords and delete old keywords.
The Alert Submission Engine 98 manages alert submission and the status queue. In operation, the engine accepts an alert, validates mandatory fields, passes the alert to the Timely Information Provider Transport Engine 92, and returns an acknowledgment that the alert has been submitted to the queue. The Alert Submission Engine 98 can also retrieve the status of the queue including number of messages in the queue and other statistics.
Referring to FIG. 12, the Timely Information Server 68 application is comprised of an Enduser Transport Engine 102, a Timely Information Provider Transport Engine 104, a Queuing Engine 106, a Dictionary Engine 108, a Hit Counter 110, an Indexing Engine 112 and a Site Monitor 114. The Timely Information Server 68 communicates with the Enduser Client 66 via the Enduser Transport Engine 102 and communicates with the Timely Information Provider Client70 via the Timely Information Provider Transport Engine 104. The Site Monitor 114 application communicates directly with the Timely Information Provider Website 74.
The Enduser Transport Engine 102 is further comprised of an Alert Channel Streamer and a Control Channel Server. The Alert Channel Streamer manages UDP multicast sockets and the transport level protocol (sockets). The Alert Channel Streamer also receives alerts from the Queuing Engine 106, formats the alerts, and passes them to the appropriate UDP socket. The Streamer also encrypts private channels and applies error correction where required. The Control Channel Server is responsible for receiving click-through notifications and passing them to the Hit Counter 110 and resending individual packets as a result of resend requests.
The Queuing Engine 106 handles incoming alerts during peaks based on priority criteria specified in the Keyword Dictionary. The Queuing Engine 106 also stores sent alerts in time-limited buffer for the fulfillment of resend requests and compiling statistics on queue usage.
The Dictionary Engine 108 maintains references between keywords and providers as well as maintaining a thesaurus of related terms. The Dictionary Engine 108 stores and updates user profiles in the User Profile Database. The Dictionary Engine 108 also assigns proprietary index codes to keywords and returns keyword codes or error messages in response to requests from the Timely Information Provider Client 70.
The Site Monitor 114 application uses HTTP to monitor URLs for updates and composes, tags, and indexes the alerts by detecting page updates and communicating with the Dictionary Engine 108.
From the foregoing teachings, it can be appreciated by one skilled in the art that a new, novel, and nonobvious method for delivering information via a data network has been disclosed. It is to be understood that numerous alternatives and equivalents will be apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art, given the teachings herein, such that the present invention is not to be limited by the foregoing description but only by the appended claims.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5557798 *||Dec 21, 1990||Sep 17, 1996||Tibco, Inc.||Apparatus and method for providing decoupling of data exchange details for providing high performance communication between software processes|
|US5634048 *||Mar 13, 1995||May 27, 1997||Fujitsu Limited||Distributed database system having a center system with a link file and a method for retrieving data from same|
|US5694594 *||Nov 14, 1994||Dec 2, 1997||Chang; Daniel||System for linking hypermedia data objects in accordance with associations of source and destination data objects and similarity threshold without using keywords or link-difining terms|
|US5727129 *||Jun 4, 1996||Mar 10, 1998||International Business Machines Corporation||Network system for profiling and actively facilitating user activities|
|US5754938 *||Oct 31, 1995||May 19, 1998||Herz; Frederick S. M.||Pseudonymous server for system for customized electronic identification of desirable objects|
|US5754939 *||Oct 31, 1995||May 19, 1998||Herz; Frederick S. M.||System for generation of user profiles for a system for customized electronic identification of desirable objects|
|US5761662 *||May 8, 1997||Jun 2, 1998||Sun Microsystems, Inc.||Personalized information retrieval using user-defined profile|
|US5796952 *||Mar 21, 1997||Aug 18, 1998||Dot Com Development, Inc.||Method and apparatus for tracking client interaction with a network resource and creating client profiles and resource database|
|1||Mostafa et al. "A Multi-Level Approach to Intelligent Information Filtering: Model, System and Evaluation" ACM Transactions on Information Systems, vol. 15, No. 4, pp. 368-399, Oct. 1997.|
|2||*||Mostafa et al. A Multi Level Approach to Intelligent Information Filtering: Model, System and Evaluation ACM Transactions on Information Systems, vol. 15, No. 4, pp. 368 399, Oct. 1997.|
|3||Rus et al. "Customizing Information Capture and Access" ACM Transactions on Information Systems, vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 67-101, Jan. 1997.|
|4||*||Rus et al. Customizing Information Capture and Access ACM Transactions on Information Systems, vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 67 101, Jan. 1997.|
|5||*||TIBnet; date of Pub. Apr. 22, 1997; Publisher: TIBCO on the Internet.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US6044403 *||Dec 31, 1997||Mar 28, 2000||At&T Corp||Network server platform for internet, JAVA server and video application server|
|US6055566 *||Jan 12, 1998||Apr 25, 2000||Lextron Systems, Inc.||Customizable media player with online/offline capabilities|
|US6101180 *||Nov 12, 1997||Aug 8, 2000||Starguide Digital Networks, Inc.||High bandwidth broadcast system having localized multicast access to broadcast content|
|US6163804 *||Jul 2, 1998||Dec 19, 2000||Canon Kabushiki Kaisha||Network information searching apparatus and network information searching method|
|US6167451 *||Jan 20, 1998||Dec 26, 2000||Netscape Communications Corporation||Multiple push protocol unifying system|
|US6182084||May 26, 1998||Jan 30, 2001||Williams Communications, Inc.||Method and apparatus of data comparison for statistical information content creation|
|US6212552 *||Jan 15, 1998||Apr 3, 2001||At&T Corp.||Declarative message addressing|
|US6219664 *||Aug 27, 1999||Apr 17, 2001||International Business Machines Corp.||Search method and system using syntactic information|
|US6226645 *||Oct 22, 1999||May 1, 2001||Soft Camp., Ltd.||Construction of conceptional drawings utilizing hyper link information of web document and internet searching method through it|
|US6236365||Sep 8, 1997||May 22, 2001||Tracbeam, Llc||Location of a mobile station using a plurality of commercial wireless infrastructures|
|US6240415||Dec 20, 1999||May 29, 2001||J. Seth Blumberg||Corporate and entertainment management interactive system using a computer network|
|US6249252||Apr 23, 1999||Jun 19, 2001||Tracbeam Llc||Wireless location using multiple location estimators|
|US6262982 *||Jan 20, 2000||Jul 17, 2001||Starguide Digital Networks, Inc.||High bandwidth broadcast system having localized multicast access to broadcast content|
|US6266339 *||May 13, 1999||Jul 24, 2001||Starguide Digital Networks, Inc.||High bandwidth broadcast system having localized multicast access to broadcast content|
|US6272540 *||Dec 31, 1998||Aug 7, 2001||Intel Corporation||Arrangement and method for providing flexible management of a network|
|US6292825 *||Nov 12, 1998||Sep 18, 2001||International Business Machines Corporation||Service application with pull notification|
|US6317783||Oct 27, 1999||Nov 13, 2001||Verticalone Corporation||Apparatus and methods for automated aggregation and delivery of and transactions involving electronic personal information or data|
|US6321272 *||Sep 10, 1997||Nov 20, 2001||Schneider Automation, Inc.||Apparatus for controlling internetwork communications|
|US6330610 *||Dec 4, 1997||Dec 11, 2001||Eric E. Docter||Multi-stage data filtering system employing multiple filtering criteria|
|US6334107 *||Feb 4, 1999||Dec 25, 2001||Rental Tracker||Method of managing a real estate unit|
|US6351467 *||Mar 27, 1998||Feb 26, 2002||Hughes Electronics Corporation||System and method for multicasting multimedia content|
|US6351747 *||Apr 12, 1999||Feb 26, 2002||Multex.Com, Inc.||Method and system for providing data to a user based on a user's query|
|US6360275 *||Oct 29, 1998||Mar 19, 2002||Shanghai Wonders Information Co., Ltd.||System and method for transmitting and receiving data in a network|
|US6389471 *||Jul 7, 1998||May 14, 2002||At&T Corp.||Network broadcasting system for broadcasting audiovisual information to an identified audience|
|US6389475 *||Apr 13, 1999||May 14, 2002||Cisco Technology, Inc.||Content - based filtering of multicast information|
|US6405245||Oct 27, 1999||Jun 11, 2002||Verticalone Corporation||System and method for automated access to personal information|
|US6405259 *||Dec 8, 1998||Jun 11, 2002||International Business Machines Corporation||Data processing system and method for transmission of a network packet specifying a group identifier identifying a selected plurality of clients|
|US6411616 *||Apr 19, 2000||Jun 25, 2002||Starguide Digital Networks, Inc.||High bandwidth broadcast system having localized multicast access to broadcast content|
|US6421706||Feb 25, 1998||Jul 16, 2002||Worldcom, Inc.||Multicast and unicast internet protocol content distribution having a feedback mechanism for real-time and store and forward information transfer|
|US6421781 *||Aug 10, 1998||Jul 16, 2002||Openwave Systems Inc.||Method and apparatus for maintaining security in a push server|
|US6430553||Mar 22, 2000||Aug 6, 2002||Exactone.Com, Inc.||Method and apparatus for parsing data|
|US6434549||Dec 13, 1999||Aug 13, 2002||Ultris, Inc.||Network-based, human-mediated exchange of information|
|US6438608||Feb 21, 2001||Aug 20, 2002||At&T Corp.||Declarative message addressing|
|US6442598 *||Oct 27, 1997||Aug 27, 2002||Microsoft Corporation||System and method for delivering web content over a broadcast medium|
|US6453338 *||Jun 15, 1998||Sep 17, 2002||Fujitsu Limited||Electronic mail apparatus and computer readable record medium having electronic mail program recorded thereon|
|US6480883 *||Jun 29, 1999||Nov 12, 2002||Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba||Real-time information transmission system|
|US6486892 *||Apr 7, 1999||Nov 26, 2002||Joseph L. Stern||System and method for accessing, manipulating and viewing internet and non-internet related information and for controlling networked devices|
|US6490584 *||Nov 26, 1997||Dec 3, 2002||International Business Machines Corporation||User-centered push methods and system|
|US6498987 *||Apr 12, 2000||Dec 24, 2002||Weather Central, Inc.||System and method for providing personalized weather reports and the like|
|US6507371 *||Apr 15, 1997||Jan 14, 2003||Canon Kabushiki Kaisha||Communication apparatus and method that link a network address with designated image information|
|US6526042||Mar 23, 1999||Feb 25, 2003||Mitel Corporation||System for initiating a call utilizing java-embedded email|
|US6546016||Dec 31, 1998||Apr 8, 2003||At&T Corp.||Coaxial cable/twisted pair cable telecommunications network architecture|
|US6549935 *||May 23, 2000||Apr 15, 2003||Silverbrook Research Pty Ltd||Method of distributing documents having common components to a plurality of destinations|
|US6567850||Oct 27, 1999||May 20, 2003||Yodlee, Inc.||System and method for determining revenue from an intermediary derived from servicing data requests|
|US6567854 *||Oct 21, 1999||May 20, 2003||Genuity Inc.||Internet service delivery via server pushed personalized advertising dashboard|
|US6581103 *||Oct 22, 1999||Jun 17, 2003||Dedicated Radio, Llc||Method for internet radio broadcasting including listener requests of audio and/or video files with input dedications|
|US6591263 *||Apr 27, 1998||Jul 8, 2003||Lockheed Martin Corporation||Multi-modal traveler information system|
|US6628625 *||Jul 19, 2000||Sep 30, 2003||Microsoft Corporation||Transmission announcement system and method for announcing upcoming data transmissions over a broadcast network|
|US6629135||Sep 17, 1999||Sep 30, 2003||Ddr Holdings, Llc||Affiliate commerce system and method|
|US6636237||Jul 31, 2000||Oct 21, 2003||James H. Murray||Method for creating and synchronizing links to objects in a video|
|US6654689||Nov 6, 2000||Nov 25, 2003||Weather Central, Inc.||System and method for providing personalized storm warnings|
|US6654735 *||Jan 8, 1999||Nov 25, 2003||International Business Machines Corporation||Outbound information analysis for generating user interest profiles and improving user productivity|
|US6654786||Aug 30, 2000||Nov 25, 2003||Openwave Systems Inc.||Method and apparatus for informing wireless clients about updated information|
|US6654931||Jan 25, 1999||Nov 25, 2003||At&T Corp.||Systems and methods for playing, browsing and interacting with MPEG-4 coded audio-visual objects|
|US6674994||Dec 1, 1999||Jan 6, 2004||Panamsat Corporation||Pickup and delivery of data files|
|US6678684||Jul 5, 2000||Jan 13, 2004||Makio Koga||Worldwide early warning network and method of use|
|US6681246||Apr 21, 2000||Jan 20, 2004||International Business Machines Corporation||Method, system, and program for automatically processing pushed information without subscriber involvement|
|US6697824 *||Aug 31, 1999||Feb 24, 2004||Accenture Llp||Relationship management in an E-commerce application framework|
|US6700958||Jul 3, 2001||Mar 2, 2004||Starguide Digital Networks, Inc.||Method and apparatus for transmitting coded audio signals through a transmission channel with limited bandwidth|
|US6701352 *||Jul 11, 1997||Mar 2, 2004||Pitney Bowes Inc.||Method and apparatus for importing information from a network resource|
|US6708211 *||Oct 21, 1999||Mar 16, 2004||Evolutionary Vision Technology, Inc.||Windows frame, dialog box, keyboard, device access and user environment real time ASC file signal tracking and control system based upon user activity|
|US6725268 *||Aug 11, 2000||Apr 20, 2004||At&T Corp.||System and method for providing status information from multiple information sources in a single display|
|US6742127||Jan 28, 2002||May 25, 2004||Openwave Systems Inc.||Method and apparatus for maintaining security in a push server|
|US6745237 *||Jan 15, 1998||Jun 1, 2004||Mci Communications Corporation||Method and apparatus for managing delivery of multimedia content in a communications system|
|US6760782||Aug 4, 2000||Jul 6, 2004||Schneider Automation Inc.||Apparatus for controlling internetwork communications|
|US6778649||Sep 17, 2002||Aug 17, 2004||Starguide Digital Networks, Inc.||Method and apparatus for transmitting coded audio signals through a transmission channel with limited bandwidth|
|US6785015||Nov 12, 1999||Aug 31, 2004||Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.||System and method for monitoring a computer system process or peripheral|
|US6801936 *||Apr 7, 2000||Oct 5, 2004||Arif Diwan||Systems and methods for generating customized bundles of information|
|US6810414||Apr 20, 2000||Oct 26, 2004||Dennis A. Brittain||System and methods for easy-to-use periodic network data capture engine with automatic target data location, extraction and storage|
|US6823263||Oct 11, 2000||Nov 23, 2004||Weather Central, Inc.||System and method for providing personalized weather reports and the like|
|US6842774 *||Jun 9, 2000||Jan 11, 2005||Robert L. Piccioni||Method and system for situation tracking and notification|
|US6853628 *||Dec 30, 2002||Feb 8, 2005||Interdigital Technology Corporation||System for facilitating personal communications with multiple wireless transmit/receive units|
|US6871220||Oct 27, 1999||Mar 22, 2005||Yodlee, Inc.||System and method for distributed storage and retrieval of personal information|
|US6898631 *||Oct 12, 2000||May 24, 2005||International Business Machines Corporation||Platform for internet based real-time communication content selection|
|US6912564||May 4, 2001||Jun 28, 2005||America Online, Inc.||System for instant messaging the sender and recipients of an e-mail message|
|US6915212 *||May 8, 2003||Jul 5, 2005||Moac, Llc||Systems and methods for processing complex data sets|
|US6920433 *||Aug 9, 1999||Jul 19, 2005||Harry Seretti||Vehicular data exchange system and method therefor|
|US6920606||Feb 22, 2000||Jul 19, 2005||Extended Digital, Llc||Custom computer wallpaper and marketing system and method|
|US6941373||Mar 6, 2002||Sep 6, 2005||At&T Corp.||Network communications system and method for worldwide web broadcasting|
|US6957213||May 17, 2000||Oct 18, 2005||Inquira, Inc.||Method of utilizing implicit references to answer a query|
|US6965593||Mar 4, 2002||Nov 15, 2005||Ds Systems, Inc.||High bandwidth broadcast system having localized multicast access to broadcast content|
|US6973050||Apr 21, 2003||Dec 6, 2005||Microsoft Corporation||Transmission announcement system and method for announcing upcoming data transmissions over a broadcast network|
|US6978281 *||Nov 21, 2000||Dec 20, 2005||Microsoft Corporation||Versioned project data|
|US6993572||Jun 11, 2003||Jan 31, 2006||Ddr Holdings, Llc||System and method for facilitating internet commerce with outsourced websites|
|US7010492||Sep 30, 1999||Mar 7, 2006||International Business Machines Corporation||Method and apparatus for dynamic distribution of controlled and additional selective overlays in a streaming media|
|US7076504||Nov 19, 1998||Jul 11, 2006||Accenture Llp||Sharing a centralized profile|
|US7124087||Nov 3, 2000||Oct 17, 2006||International Business Machines Corporation||System and method for updating user home automation systems|
|US7127493||May 14, 1999||Oct 24, 2006||Gautier Taylor S||Optimizing server delivery of content by selective inclusion of optional data based on optimization criteria|
|US7149696 *||Oct 2, 2001||Dec 12, 2006||Omron Corporation||System and method for accepting information from information providers, mediating the received information, and providing mediated information to information beneficiaries|
|US7152098||Apr 9, 2003||Dec 19, 2006||Ses Astra S.A.||Internet broadcast system|
|US7159029||Mar 25, 2002||Jan 2, 2007||Koninklijke Kpn. N.V.||System for personalized information distribution|
|US7162696 *||Jun 8, 2001||Jan 9, 2007||Franz Wakefield||Method and system for creating, using and modifying multifunctional website hot spots|
|US7167830||Mar 8, 2001||Jan 23, 2007||Entrieva, Inc.||Multimodal information services|
|US7177859||Jun 26, 2002||Feb 13, 2007||Microsoft Corporation||Programming model for subscription services|
|US7197534 *||Nov 30, 2001||Mar 27, 2007||Big Fix, Inc.||Method and apparatus for inspecting the properties of a computer|
|US7197713||Oct 22, 2002||Mar 27, 2007||Stern Joseph L||System and method for controlling networked devices and accessing, manipulating and viewing internet and non-internet related information through multiple sessions|
|US7209916||Feb 27, 2003||Apr 24, 2007||Microsoft Corporation||Expression and flexibility framework for providing notification(s)|
|US7246150 *||Mar 9, 2000||Jul 17, 2007||Bigfix, Inc.||Advice provided for offering highly targeted advice without compromising individual privacy|
|US7278093||May 17, 2005||Oct 2, 2007||Modya, Inc.||Custom computer wallpaper and marketing system and method|
|US7281200||Sep 15, 2003||Oct 9, 2007||At&T Corp.||Systems and methods for playing, browsing and interacting with MPEG-4 coded audio-visual objects|
|US7296091||Jun 19, 2000||Nov 13, 2007||The Trustees Of Columbia University In The City Of New York||System and method for receiving over a network a broadcast from a broadcast source|
|US7296285||Sep 21, 2000||Nov 13, 2007||Lg Electronics, Inc.||Multiple item user preference information data structure and method for providing multi-media information|
|US7313594 *||Feb 6, 2002||Dec 25, 2007||Fujitsu Limited||Chat system, terminal device therefor, display method of chat system, and recording medium|
|US7315863 *||Sep 20, 2001||Jan 1, 2008||Oracle International Corp||Method and apparatus for automatic notification of database events|
|US7346651 *||Dec 17, 2001||Mar 18, 2008||Yamaha Corporation||Method of searching information site by item keyword and action keyword|
|US7356569||Apr 26, 2000||Apr 8, 2008||Mainstream Scientific, Llc||Apparatus and method for tracing the distribution of diversely sourced internet content|
|US7360202||Feb 27, 2003||Apr 15, 2008||Microsoft Corporation||User interface system and methods for providing notification(s)|
|US7386477 *||Oct 10, 2001||Jun 10, 2008||Accenture Llp||Location-based filtering for a shopping agent in the physical world|
|US7392306||Jul 24, 2000||Jun 24, 2008||Aol Llc||Instant messaging client having an embedded browser|
|US7395514 *||Oct 22, 2002||Jul 1, 2008||Stern Joseph L||System and method for accessing, manipulating and viewing internet and non-internet related information and for controlling networked devices|
|US7406507 *||Dec 15, 2004||Jul 29, 2008||Piccioni Robert L||Method and system for situation tracking and notification|
|US7412484 *||Jan 16, 2002||Aug 12, 2008||Lextron Systems, Inc.||Customizable media player with online/offline capabilities|
|US7421425 *||Apr 8, 2004||Sep 2, 2008||Sony Corporation||Information providing method and information providing system|
|US7430554||Apr 7, 2000||Sep 30, 2008||Heisinger Jr Charles Gilbert||Method and system for telephonically selecting, addressing, and distributing messages|
|US7493372||Nov 16, 2001||Feb 17, 2009||British Telecommunications Public Limited Company||Method of updating interests|
|US7509304||Feb 24, 2003||Mar 24, 2009||Microsoft Corporation||Message distribution system and method for providing notification(s)|
|US7512652||Jun 28, 2002||Mar 31, 2009||Aol Llc, A Delaware Limited Liability Company||Passive personalization of buddy lists|
|US7512678||Nov 16, 2001||Mar 31, 2009||British Telecommunications Public Limited Company||Information provider|
|US7523191 *||Jun 2, 2000||Apr 21, 2009||Yahoo! Inc.||System and method for monitoring user interaction with web pages|
|US7525951||Mar 7, 2001||Apr 28, 2009||Netscape Communications Corporation||Integration of e-mail with instant messaging services|
|US7552190||Oct 27, 1999||Jun 23, 2009||Verticalone Corporation||System and method for automated electronic notification and transaction execution|
|US7562287 *||Aug 17, 2005||Jul 14, 2009||Clipmarks Llc||System, method and apparatus for selecting, displaying, managing, tracking and transferring access to content of web pages and other sources|
|US7565671||Feb 1, 2000||Jul 21, 2009||Swisscom Mobile Ag||System and method for diffusing image objects|
|US7596571 *||Jun 20, 2005||Sep 29, 2009||Technorati, Inc.||Ecosystem method of aggregation and search and related techniques|
|US7596591||Nov 16, 2001||Sep 29, 2009||British Telecommunications Public Limited Company||Method of managing resources|
|US7606580||Sep 29, 2005||Oct 20, 2009||Aol Llc||Personalized location information for mobile devices|
|US7624172 *||Jul 24, 2000||Nov 24, 2009||Aol Llc||State change alerts mechanism|
|US7627646||Sep 19, 2006||Dec 1, 2009||Gautier Taylor S||Optimizing server delivery of content by selective inclusion of optional data based on optimization criteria|
|US7650620||Mar 15, 2007||Jan 19, 2010||Laurence A Fish||Method and apparatus for push and pull distribution of multimedia|
|US7653748 *||Aug 3, 2001||Jan 26, 2010||Simplexity, Llc||Systems, methods and computer program products for integrating advertising within web content|
|US7657644 *||May 10, 2002||Feb 2, 2010||Netapp, Inc.||Methods and apparatus for streaming media multicast|
|US7660868||Apr 26, 2000||Feb 9, 2010||John Albert Kembel||Apparatus and method for interacting with internet content via one or more applications that do not include native web browsing navigation control features|
|US7668850||Jun 7, 2006||Feb 23, 2010||Inquira, Inc.||Rule based navigation|
|US7668854 *||May 12, 2004||Feb 23, 2010||International Business Machines Corporation||System and method of building proven search paths|
|US7669177||Oct 24, 2003||Feb 23, 2010||Microsoft Corporation||System and method for preference application installation and execution|
|US7672879||Oct 27, 2000||Mar 2, 2010||Yodlee.Com, Inc.||Interactive activity interface for managing personal data and performing transactions over a data packet network|
|US7672951||May 12, 2006||Mar 2, 2010||Inquira, Inc.||Guided navigation system|
|US7680787 *||Apr 4, 2007||Mar 16, 2010||International Business Machines Corporation||Database query generation method and system|
|US7685036||Oct 13, 2000||Mar 23, 2010||Ubs Financial Services, Inc.||System and method for delivering a financial message|
|US7689684||Feb 12, 2001||Mar 30, 2010||Bigfix, Inc.||Method and apparatus for inspecting the properties of a computer|
|US7698276 *||Feb 26, 2003||Apr 13, 2010||Microsoft Corporation||Framework for providing a subscription based notification system|
|US7699701 *||Jul 5, 2001||Apr 20, 2010||Dbs Limited Partnership||Method and system for providing real time sports betting information|
|US7714778||Jun 4, 2001||May 11, 2010||Tracbeam Llc||Wireless location gateway and applications therefor|
|US7743070||Oct 24, 2000||Jun 22, 2010||Blumberg J Seth||Entertainment management interactive system using a computer network|
|US7747601||Aug 14, 2006||Jun 29, 2010||Inquira, Inc.||Method and apparatus for identifying and classifying query intent|
|US7752259 *||Feb 14, 2005||Jul 6, 2010||Envisionit Llc||Public service message broadcasting system and method|
|US7752535||Dec 1, 2005||Jul 6, 2010||Yodlec.com, Inc.||Categorization of summarized information|
|US7756967||Apr 26, 2000||Jul 13, 2010||Mainstream Scientific, Llc||Apparatus and method of hosting internet content|
|US7764231||Sep 8, 1997||Jul 27, 2010||Tracbeam Llc||Wireless location using multiple mobile station location techniques|
|US7765265||Sep 29, 2005||Jul 27, 2010||Aol Inc.||Identifying users sharing common characteristics|
|US7765279||Oct 27, 1999||Jul 27, 2010||Verticalone Corporation||System and method for scheduling harvesting of personal information|
|US7765484||Apr 30, 2002||Jul 27, 2010||Aol Inc.||Passive personalization of lists|
|US7769611||Nov 3, 2000||Aug 3, 2010||International Business Machines Corporation||System and method for automating travel agent operations|
|US7774711||Sep 29, 2005||Aug 10, 2010||Aol Inc.||Automatic categorization of entries in a contact list|
|US7792068||Mar 31, 2003||Sep 7, 2010||Robert Iii Roswell||Satellite receiver/router, system, and method of use|
|US7792947 *||Apr 26, 2000||Sep 7, 2010||Mainstream Scientific, Llc||Apparatus and method for dynamically coordinating the delivery of computer readable media|
|US7792986||Mar 12, 2007||Sep 7, 2010||Bigfix, Inc.||Relevance clause for computed relevance messaging|
|US7797306||Feb 26, 2003||Sep 14, 2010||Microsoft Corporation||System and method for providing notification(s) in accordance with middleware technologies|
|US7797312||Apr 3, 2007||Sep 14, 2010||International Business Machines Corporation||Database query processing method and system|
|US7801760||Sep 30, 2005||Sep 21, 2010||Rearden Commerce, Inc.||Method and system for capturing and calculating complex consumer ratings of goods and services|
|US7812766||Mar 1, 2005||Oct 12, 2010||Tracbeam Llc||Locating a mobile station and applications therefor|
|US7818399||Jan 30, 2006||Oct 19, 2010||Ddr Holdings, Llc||Methods of expanding commercial opportunities for internet websites through coordinated offsite marketing|
|US7840981 *||Apr 24, 2001||Nov 23, 2010||Nokia Siemens Networks Gmbh & Co. Kg||Method and apparatus for receiving full-motion digital video multi-casts, interactive data and interactive voice via a DSL circuit|
|US7856386||Sep 17, 2009||Dec 21, 2010||Yodlee, Inc.||Host exchange in bill paying services|
|US7865546 *||Jan 26, 1998||Jan 4, 2011||New York University||Method and appartus for monitor and notification in a network|
|US7890123||Oct 19, 2009||Feb 15, 2011||Aol Inc.||Personalized location information for mobile devices|
|US7903029||Aug 16, 2006||Mar 8, 2011||Tracbeam Llc||Wireless location routing applications and architecture therefor|
|US7921099||May 10, 2006||Apr 5, 2011||Inquira, Inc.||Guided navigation system|
|US7921369||Dec 30, 2005||Apr 5, 2011||Aol Inc.||Mood-based organization and display of instant messenger buddy lists|
|US7934254 *||Sep 27, 2006||Apr 26, 2011||International Business Machines Corporation||Method and apparatus for providing network and computer system security|
|US7945674||Dec 29, 2003||May 17, 2011||Aol Inc.||Degrees of separation for handling communications|
|US7945927||Apr 6, 2006||May 17, 2011||Lg Electronics, Inc.||Multiple item user preference information data structure and method for providing multi-media information|
|US7949759||Dec 29, 2003||May 24, 2011||AOL, Inc.||Degrees of separation for handling communications|
|US7958234||Mar 4, 2009||Jun 7, 2011||Yahoo! Inc.||System and method for monitoring user interaction with web pages|
|US7971218||Oct 4, 2002||Jun 28, 2011||Tribune Media Services, Inc.||Distribution of real-time entertainment scheduling data|
|US7979506||Aug 12, 2009||Jul 12, 2011||Robert James Cole||System and method for restrictively exchange product data between communication devices of a limited-user network|
|US7979802||May 17, 2002||Jul 12, 2011||Aol Inc.||Providing supplemental contact information corresponding to a referenced individual|
|US7984098||Jul 25, 2001||Jul 19, 2011||AOL, Inc.||Video messaging|
|US7984174 *||Nov 12, 2003||Jul 19, 2011||Supracomm, Tm Inc.||Multicast videoconferencing|
|US8001190||Jun 25, 2001||Aug 16, 2011||Aol Inc.||Email integrated instant messaging|
|US8001476||Nov 16, 2005||Aug 16, 2011||Open Text Inc.||Cellular user interface|
|US8005875||Nov 3, 2008||Aug 23, 2011||Collegenet, Inc.||Automatic data transmission in response to content of electronic forms satisfying criteria|
|US8010442||Jul 15, 2010||Aug 30, 2011||Ften, Inc.||Financial data processing system|
|US8020083||Oct 31, 2007||Sep 13, 2011||Mainstream Scientific, Llc||System and methods for creating and authoring internet content using application media packages|
|US8032153||Jan 14, 2008||Oct 4, 2011||Tracbeam Llc||Multiple location estimators for wireless location|
|US8037150||May 18, 2004||Oct 11, 2011||Aol Inc.||System and methods for providing multiple personas in a communications environment|
|US8041768||Mar 19, 2001||Oct 18, 2011||Aol Inc.||Voice instant messaging|
|US8046697||Oct 22, 2002||Oct 25, 2011||Flatrock Technology, Llc||System and method for customizing an interface related to accessing, manipulating and viewing internet and non-internet related information|
|US8057300||Jan 12, 2010||Nov 15, 2011||Dbs Limited Partnership||Method and system for providing real time sports betting information|
|US8060566||Nov 30, 2005||Nov 15, 2011||Aol Inc.||Automatically enabling the forwarding of instant messages|
|US8065388||Mar 12, 2009||Nov 22, 2011||Gautier Taylor S||Methods and systems of delivering directions to a mobile device|
|US8065615||Oct 17, 2003||Nov 22, 2011||Murray James H||Method of retrieving information associated with an object present in a media stream|
|US8069407||Sep 7, 2000||Nov 29, 2011||Yodlee.Com, Inc.||Method and apparatus for detecting changes in websites and reporting results to web developers for navigation template repair purposes|
|US8078678||May 27, 2011||Dec 13, 2011||Aol Inc.||Video messaging|
|US8082096||Jan 28, 2008||Dec 20, 2011||Tracbeam Llc||Wireless location routing applications and architecture therefor|
|US8082264||Dec 18, 2007||Dec 20, 2011||Inquira, Inc.||Automated scheme for identifying user intent in real-time|
|US8095476||Nov 26, 2007||Jan 10, 2012||Inquira, Inc.||Automated support scheme for electronic forms|
|US8099046||Oct 6, 2004||Jan 17, 2012||Wireless Science, Llc||Method for integrating audio and visual messaging|
|US8099748||Apr 1, 2009||Jan 17, 2012||Swisscom||System and method for distribution of picture objects|
|US8103739||Mar 28, 2008||Jan 24, 2012||Gautier Taylor S||Optimizing server delivery of content by selective inclusion of optional data based on optimization criteria|
|US8107601||Nov 13, 2006||Jan 31, 2012||Wireless Science, Llc||Wireless messaging system|
|US8116741||Jul 3, 2008||Feb 14, 2012||Wireless Science, Llc||System and method for delivering information to a transmitting and receiving device|
|US8116743||Nov 14, 2006||Feb 14, 2012||Wireless Science, Llc||Systems and methods for downloading information to a mobile device|
|US8121891||Nov 19, 1998||Feb 21, 2012||Accenture Global Services Gmbh||Personalized product report|
|US8122363||May 4, 2001||Feb 21, 2012||Aol Inc.||Presence status indicator|
|US8130758||Apr 24, 2006||Mar 6, 2012||Bank Of America Corporation||System and method for low latency market data|
|US8132110||Aug 5, 2003||Mar 6, 2012||Aol Inc.||Intelligently enabled menu choices based on online presence state in address book|
|US8134450||Feb 6, 2009||Mar 13, 2012||Wireless Science, Llc||Content provision to subscribers via wireless transmission|
|US8135413||Aug 13, 2007||Mar 13, 2012||Tracbeam Llc||Platform and applications for wireless location and other complex services|
|US8185638||Apr 25, 2011||May 22, 2012||Aol Inc.||Degrees of separation for handling communications|
|US8189503||Feb 3, 2010||May 29, 2012||Stragent, Llc||Systems and methods for packaging and distributing information|
|US8190629||Jul 13, 2006||May 29, 2012||Yodlee.Com, Inc.||Network-based bookmark management and web-summary system|
|US8219677 *||Jun 24, 2010||Jul 10, 2012||International Business Machines Corporation||Method and apparatus for inspecting the properties of a computer|
|US8224294||Oct 15, 2009||Jul 17, 2012||Wireless Science, Llc||System and method for delivering information to a transmitting and receiving device|
|US8250144||Dec 22, 2009||Aug 21, 2012||Blattner Patrick D||Multiple avatar personalities|
|US8261334||Apr 25, 2008||Sep 4, 2012||Yodlee Inc.||System for performing web authentication of a user by proxy|
|US8271660||May 19, 2009||Sep 18, 2012||The Trustees Of Columbia University In The City Of New York||Network telephony appliance and system for inter/intranet telephony|
|US8275863 *||Apr 16, 2003||Sep 25, 2012||Mymail, Ltd.||Method of modifying a toolbar|
|US8276056||Sep 4, 2007||Sep 25, 2012||At&T Intellectual Property Ii, L.P.||Systems and methods for playing, browsing and interacting with MPEG-4 coded audio-visual objects|
|US8284774||Jan 18, 2007||Oct 9, 2012||Megawave Audio Llc||Ethernet digital storage (EDS) card and satellite transmission system|
|US8295450||Nov 7, 2008||Oct 23, 2012||Wireless Science, Llc||Wireless messaging system|
|US8296284||Jan 12, 2011||Oct 23, 2012||Oracle International Corp.||Guided navigation system|
|US8327397 *||Nov 10, 2005||Dec 4, 2012||Lg Electronics Inc.||Method for providing information during a channel change in a digital broadcast receiver|
|US8341019 *||Oct 15, 2010||Dec 25, 2012||Open Text, S.A.||Method for click-stream analysis using web directory reverse categorization|
|US8341662||Sep 30, 1999||Dec 25, 2012||International Business Machine Corporation||User-controlled selective overlay in a streaming media|
|US8346887||Oct 31, 2007||Jan 1, 2013||Mainstream Scientific, Llc||Tracking and tracing user activity with application media packages|
|US8355702||May 17, 2011||Jan 15, 2013||Wireless Science, Llc||System and method for delivering information to a transmitting and receiving device|
|US8374585||May 17, 2011||Feb 12, 2013||Wireless Science, Llc||System and method for delivering information to a transmitting and receiving device|
|US8386371||Jan 31, 2011||Feb 26, 2013||Ften, Inc.||Method and system for canceling orders for financial articles of trades|
|US8392534||Jul 7, 2011||Mar 5, 2013||Thales||Device for access to data aboard an aircraft|
|US8402067||Aug 22, 2011||Mar 19, 2013||Collegenet, Inc.||Automatic data transmission in response to content of electronic forms satisfying criteria|
|US8402378||Nov 7, 2008||Mar 19, 2013||Microsoft Corporation||Reactive avatars|
|US8429231||Sep 8, 2011||Apr 23, 2013||Facebook, Inc.||Voice instant messaging|
|US8429244||Mar 26, 2009||Apr 23, 2013||Interval Licensing Llc||Alerting users to items of current interest|
|US8433641||Apr 22, 2011||Apr 30, 2013||Ften, Inc.||Financial data processing system and method|
|US8443290||Mar 31, 2011||May 14, 2013||Aol Inc.||Mood-based organization and display of instant messenger buddy lists|
|US8463824||Aug 19, 2009||Jun 11, 2013||Technorati, Inc.||Ecosystem method of aggregation and search and related techniques|
|US8473572||Nov 9, 2009||Jun 25, 2013||Facebook, Inc.||State change alerts mechanism|
|US8474628||Jun 13, 2005||Jul 2, 2013||Facebook, Inc.||Presenting a recipient of an e-mail with an option to instant message a sender or another recipient based on the sender's or the other recipient's address and online status|
|US8478780||Apr 23, 2010||Jul 2, 2013||Oracle Otc Subsidiary Llc||Method and apparatus for identifying and classifying query intent|
|US8484088 *||Oct 6, 2004||Jul 9, 2013||Rearden Commerce Inc.||Customer satisfaction in booking process|
|US8484308 *||Jun 30, 2005||Jul 9, 2013||MatrixStream Technologies, Inc.||System and method for transferring content via a network|
|US8484315||Dec 20, 2011||Jul 9, 2013||Taylor S. Gautier|
|US8489496||Feb 1, 2012||Jul 16, 2013||Ften, Inc.||Financial data processing system|
|US8498387||Aug 15, 2011||Jul 30, 2013||Wireless Science, Llc||Wireless messaging systems and methods|
|US8510406||Oct 31, 2007||Aug 13, 2013||Mainstream Scientific, Llc||Component for accessing and displaying internet content|
|US8510407||Oct 31, 2007||Aug 13, 2013||Mainstream Scientific, Llc||Displaying time-varying internet based data using application media packages|
|US8515825||Oct 18, 2010||Aug 20, 2013||Ddr Holdings, Llc||Methods of expanding commercial opportunities for internet websites through coordinated offsite marketing|
|US8516132||Apr 16, 2003||Aug 20, 2013||Mymail, Ltd.||Method of accessing a selected network|
|US8521833||Oct 31, 2007||Aug 27, 2013||Mainstream Scientific, Llc||System and method for accessing and displaying internet content via an integrated application media package|
|US8548503||Aug 28, 2008||Oct 1, 2013||Aol Inc.||Methods and system for providing location-based communication services|
|US8555359||Feb 26, 2009||Oct 8, 2013||Yodlee, Inc.||System and methods for automatically accessing a web site on behalf of a client|
|US8560006||Feb 11, 2013||Oct 15, 2013||Wireless Science, Llc||System and method for delivering information to a transmitting and receiving device|
|US8560640||Feb 3, 2010||Oct 15, 2013||Stragent, Llc||Systems and methods for packaging and distributing information|
|US8560706||May 16, 2012||Oct 15, 2013||Facebook, Inc.||Degrees of separation for handling communications|
|US8572079 *||May 10, 2010||Oct 29, 2013||Placelinks, Inc.||Collaborative linking system with bi-directed variable granularity search engine|
|US8595146||Mar 15, 2005||Nov 26, 2013||Aol Inc.||Social networking permissions|
|US8595635||Jan 25, 2008||Nov 26, 2013||Salesforce.Com, Inc.||System, method and apparatus for selecting content from web sources and posting content to web logs|
|US8612208||Apr 7, 2004||Dec 17, 2013||Oracle Otc Subsidiary Llc||Ontology for use with a system, method, and computer readable medium for retrieving information and response to a query|
|US8621034||Oct 31, 2007||Dec 31, 2013||John Albert Kembel||Indexing, sorting, and categorizing application media packages|
|US8627215||Feb 25, 2011||Jan 7, 2014||Microsoft Corporation||Applying access controls to communications with avatars|
|US8635130 *||Apr 3, 2000||Jan 21, 2014||Td Ameritrade Ip Company, Inc.||Method and system for analyzing and screening investment information|
|US8675832||Jul 11, 2007||Mar 18, 2014||The Trustees Of Columbia University In The City Of New York||System and method for unified messaging in inter/intranet telephony|
|US8694025||Jul 30, 2012||Apr 8, 2014||Dennis Dupray||Geographically constrained network services|
|US8712431||Jan 6, 2011||Apr 29, 2014||Facebook, Inc.||Personalized location information for mobile devices|
|US8719354||Jun 15, 2010||May 6, 2014||Facebook, Inc.||Identifying users sharing common characteristics|
|US8719403||Dec 13, 2010||May 6, 2014||New York University||Method and apparatus for monitor and notification in a network|
|US8726195||Sep 5, 2007||May 13, 2014||Aol Inc.||Enabling an IM user to navigate a virtual world|
|US8732318||Apr 16, 2003||May 20, 2014||Mymail, Ltd.||Method of connecting a user to a network|
|US8745160||Jan 25, 2012||Jun 3, 2014||Taylor S. Gautier|
|US8764556||Oct 21, 2011||Jul 1, 2014||Don Best Sports Corporation||Method and system for providing real time sports betting information|
|US8769440||Jan 22, 2010||Jul 1, 2014||B.E. Technology, L.L.C.||Method of reactive targeted advertising|
|US8774082||Sep 11, 2012||Jul 8, 2014||Megawave Audio Llc||Ethernet digital storage (EDS) card and satellite transmission system|
|US8775950||Sep 15, 2012||Jul 8, 2014||Facebook, Inc.||Automatic categorization of entries in a contact list|
|US8781813||Aug 14, 2006||Jul 15, 2014||Oracle Otc Subsidiary Llc||Intent management tool for identifying concepts associated with a plurality of users' queries|
|US8787932||Sep 13, 2012||Jul 22, 2014||Facebook, Inc.||Personalized location information for mobile devices|
|US8787940||Feb 15, 2013||Jul 22, 2014||Facebook, Inc.||Personalized location information for mobile devices|
|US8788396||Aug 31, 2010||Jul 22, 2014||Ften, Inc.||Intraday risk management data cloud computing system capable of controlling execution of orders|
|US8793604||Mar 6, 2013||Jul 29, 2014||Open Text S.A.||Spatially driven content presentation in a cellular environment|
|US8799801 *||Jan 16, 2008||Aug 5, 2014||Qualcomm Incorporated||Interactive ticker|
|US8805408||Sep 13, 2012||Aug 12, 2014||Facebook, Inc.||Personalized location information for mobile devices|
|US8818407||Sep 13, 2012||Aug 26, 2014||Facebook, Inc.||Personalized location information for mobile devices|
|US8838495 *||Jun 2, 2008||Sep 16, 2014||Ften, Inc.||Method and system for monitoring market data to identify user defined market conditions|
|US8843471 *||Aug 14, 2007||Sep 23, 2014||At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P.||Method and apparatus for providing traffic-based content acquisition and indexing|
|US8868112||Mar 11, 2013||Oct 21, 2014||Facebook, Inc.||Personalized location information for mobile devices|
|US8898140||Jun 27, 2013||Nov 25, 2014||Oracle Otc Subsidiary Llc||Identifying and classifying query intent|
|US8904042 *||Dec 30, 2003||Dec 2, 2014||Aol Inc.||System and method for subject matter notifications|
|US8910056||Aug 9, 2010||Dec 9, 2014||Facebook, Inc.||Automatic categorization of entries in a contact list|
|US8914507||Jul 12, 2007||Dec 16, 2014||International Business Machines Corporation||Advice provided for offering highly targeted advice without compromising individual privacy|
|US8918460||Apr 22, 2010||Dec 23, 2014||Facebook, Inc.||Organizing entries in participant lists based on communications strengths|
|US8918727||Dec 9, 2011||Dec 23, 2014||Facebook, Inc.||Video messaging|
|US8924410||Nov 18, 2011||Dec 30, 2014||Oracle International Corporation||Automated scheme for identifying user intent in real-time|
|US8930480||Oct 8, 2013||Jan 6, 2015||Facebook, Inc.||Degrees of separation for filtering communications|
|US8959164||Feb 15, 2012||Feb 17, 2015||Facebook, Inc.||Tri-state presence indicator|
|US8994591||Aug 23, 2010||Mar 31, 2015||Tracbeam Llc||Locating a mobile station and applications therefor|
|US8997003||Sep 20, 2011||Mar 31, 2015||Flatrock Technology, Llc||System and method for customizing an interface related to accessing, manipulating and viewing internet and non-internet related information|
|US9002949||Dec 21, 2004||Apr 7, 2015||Google Inc.||Automatically enabling the forwarding of instant messages|
|US9015757||Mar 25, 2010||Apr 21, 2015||Eloy Technology, Llc||Merged program guide|
|US9021070||Jun 20, 2013||Apr 28, 2015||Mymail, Ltd.||Dynamically modifying a toolbar|
|US9043228||Aug 19, 2013||May 26, 2015||Ddr Holdings, Llc||Specially programmed computer server serving pages offering commercial opportunities for merchants through coordinated offsite marketing|
|US9043418||Sep 14, 2012||May 26, 2015||Facebook, Inc.||Systems and methods for instant messaging persons referenced in an electronic message|
|US9049159||Sep 14, 2012||Jun 2, 2015||Facebook, Inc.||Establishing audio communication sessions|
|US9049160||Sep 13, 2012||Jun 2, 2015||Facebook, Inc.||Identifying users sharing common characteristics|
|US9049569||May 11, 2010||Jun 2, 2015||Google Inc.||Prohibiting mobile forwarding|
|US9060341||May 24, 2010||Jun 16, 2015||Tracbeam, Llc||System and method for hybriding wireless location techniques|
|US9071725||Sep 13, 2012||Jun 30, 2015||Facebook, Inc.||Methods and user interfaces for video messaging|
|US9071953||Dec 20, 2010||Jun 30, 2015||Wireless Science, Llc||Systems and methods providing advertisements to a cell phone based on location and external temperature|
|US9076113 *||Feb 28, 2013||Jul 7, 2015||Collegenet, Inc.||Automatic data transmission in response to content of electronic forms satisfying criteria|
|US9078101||Mar 28, 2014||Jul 7, 2015||Dennis Dupray||Geographically constrained network services|
|US9083661||Dec 17, 2008||Jul 14, 2015||Facebook, Inc.||Passive personalization of buddy lists|
|US9083932||Mar 25, 2010||Jul 14, 2015||Eloy Technology, Llc||Method and system for providing information from a program guide|
|US9087350||Dec 7, 2012||Jul 21, 2015||Open Text S.A.||Method for click-stream analysis using web directory reverse categorization|
|US9088757||Mar 25, 2010||Jul 21, 2015||Eloy Technology, Llc||Method and system for socially ranking programs|
|US9088879||Feb 19, 2013||Jul 21, 2015||Google Inc.||Automatically enabling the forwarding of instant messages|
|US9100221||Sep 14, 2012||Aug 4, 2015||Facebook, Inc.||Systems for messaging senders and recipients of an electronic message|
|US9100538||Sep 13, 2012||Aug 4, 2015||Facebook, Inc.||Limited length video messaging|
|US9113206||Jun 23, 2014||Aug 18, 2015||Swisscom Ag||System and method for distribution of picture objects|
|US9124665||Oct 31, 2007||Sep 1, 2015||Mainstream Scientific, Llc||Server including components for accessing and displaying internet content and for providing same to a client|
|US9134398||Dec 12, 2011||Sep 15, 2015||Tracbeam Llc||Wireless location using network centric location estimators|
|US9137240||Apr 26, 2013||Sep 15, 2015||Mymail, Ltd.||System and method of accessing a network by way of different service providers|
|US9141263||Sep 10, 2012||Sep 22, 2015||Thomas Drennan Selgas||Method of modifying a toolbar|
|US9154561||Sep 13, 2013||Oct 6, 2015||Aol Inc.||Methods and system for providing location-based communication services|
|US9160773||May 10, 2013||Oct 13, 2015||Aol Inc.||Mood-based organization and display of co-user lists|
|US9167401||Mar 26, 2014||Oct 20, 2015||Wireless Science, Llc||Wireless messaging and content provision systems and methods|
|US9185067||Nov 4, 2008||Nov 10, 2015||Facebook, Inc.||System and method for analyzing communications|
|US9197999||Oct 7, 2014||Nov 24, 2015||Facebook, Inc.||Providing a location identifier for a location with multiple co-users|
|US9203787||Mar 4, 2013||Dec 1, 2015||Facebook, Inc.||Identifying users sharing common characteristics|
|US9203794||Sep 14, 2012||Dec 1, 2015||Facebook, Inc.||Systems and methods for reconfiguring electronic messages|
|US9203879||Sep 14, 2012||Dec 1, 2015||Facebook, Inc.||Offline alerts mechanism|
|US9204255||Oct 9, 2014||Dec 1, 2015||Facebook, Inc.||Providing a log of location information for a mobile device|
|US9210546||Oct 7, 2014||Dec 8, 2015||Facebook, Inc.||Commenting on location information for mobile devices|
|US9215095||Oct 7, 2011||Dec 15, 2015||Microsoft Technology Licensing, Llc||Multiple personalities|
|US9237543||Apr 24, 2007||Jan 12, 2016||Tracbeam, Llc||Wireless location using signal fingerprinting and other location estimators|
|US9246975||Sep 14, 2012||Jan 26, 2016||Facebook, Inc.||State change alerts mechanism|
|US9253136||Sep 14, 2012||Feb 2, 2016||Facebook, Inc.||Electronic message delivery based on presence information|
|US9256861||Feb 25, 2011||Feb 9, 2016||Microsoft Technology Licensing, Llc||Modifying avatar behavior based on user action or mood|
|US9262528||Jul 10, 2014||Feb 16, 2016||Oracle International Corporation||Intent management tool for identifying concepts associated with a plurality of users' queries|
|US9277525||Mar 15, 2013||Mar 1, 2016||Tracbeam, Llc||Wireless location using location estimators|
|US9288540||Mar 25, 2010||Mar 15, 2016||Eloy Technology, Llc||System and method for aggregating devices for intuitive browsing|
|US9304837||Jun 30, 2011||Apr 5, 2016||Open Text S.A.||Cellular user interface|
|US9317560||Apr 22, 2013||Apr 19, 2016||Interval Licensing Llc||Alerting users to items of current interest|
|US9356891||Sep 14, 2012||May 31, 2016||Facebook, Inc.||Voice messaging interface|
|US9356894||Sep 14, 2012||May 31, 2016||Facebook, Inc.||Enabled and disabled menu choices based on presence state|
|US9360996||Feb 14, 2012||Jun 7, 2016||Facebook, Inc.||Intelligently enabled menu choices based on online presence state in address book|
|US9363213||Sep 15, 2012||Jun 7, 2016||Facebook, Inc.||E-mail integrated instant messaging|
|US9369411||Sep 13, 2012||Jun 14, 2016||Facebook, Inc.||Identifying users sharing common characteristics|
|US9369545||Aug 23, 2013||Jun 14, 2016||Mainstream Scientific, Llc||Accessing and displaying network content|
|US9374266||Dec 30, 2003||Jun 21, 2016||Aol Inc.||Tailoring notifications through resource specific notification controls|
|US9391942||Oct 17, 2013||Jul 12, 2016||International Business Machines Corporation||Symbolic variables within email addresses|
|US9405843||Jul 3, 2014||Aug 2, 2016||Facebook, Inc.||System and method for analyzing communications|
|US9413585||Aug 17, 2012||Aug 9, 2016||The Trustees Of Columbia University In The City Of New York||Network telephony appliance and system for inter/intranet telephony|
|US9426255||Jun 22, 2010||Aug 23, 2016||John Albert Kembel||Apparatus and method for dynamically coordinating the delivery of computer readable media|
|US9438467||Oct 31, 2007||Sep 6, 2016||John Albert Kembel||Methods of obtaining application media packages|
|US9445158||Oct 28, 2010||Sep 13, 2016||Eloy Technology, Llc||Distributed aggregated content guide for collaborative playback session|
|US9462046||Nov 26, 2014||Oct 4, 2016||Facebook, Inc.||Degrees of separation for handling communications|
|US9467529||Jul 28, 2008||Oct 11, 2016||Ol Security Limited Liability Company||Customizable media player with online/offline capabilities|
|US9483859||Mar 18, 2013||Nov 1, 2016||Microsoft Technology Licensing, Llc||Reactive avatars|
|US9495456 *||Mar 11, 2013||Nov 15, 2016||Google Inc.||Selecting, ranking, and/or presenting microsite content|
|US9508101 *||Sep 21, 2001||Nov 29, 2016||Google Inc.||Systems and methods for providing stock ticker information|
|US9510168||Apr 29, 2015||Nov 29, 2016||Google Inc.||Prohibiting mobile forwarding|
|US9514233||Jul 9, 2014||Dec 6, 2016||Facebook, Inc.||System and method for analyzing communications|
|US9515977||Sep 14, 2012||Dec 6, 2016||Facebook, Inc.||Time based electronic message delivery|
|US9516125||Sep 13, 2012||Dec 6, 2016||Facebook, Inc.||Identifying and using identities deemed to be known to a user|
|US9531654||Sep 14, 2012||Dec 27, 2016||Facebook, Inc.||Adding contacts from a hovering interface|
|US9531826||Sep 13, 2012||Dec 27, 2016||Facebook, Inc.||Managing electronic messages based on inference scores|
|US9538493||Mar 15, 2013||Jan 3, 2017||Finetrak, Llc||Locating a mobile station and applications therefor|
|US9560000||Jul 25, 2011||Jan 31, 2017||Facebook, Inc.||Reconfiguring an electronic message to effect an enhanced notification|
|US9560113||Jun 7, 2013||Jan 31, 2017||Idl Concepts, Llc|
|US9560495||Jun 22, 2015||Jan 31, 2017||Google Inc.||Automatically enabling the forwarding of instant messages|
|US9560502||Jun 3, 2014||Jan 31, 2017||Wireless Science, Llc||Methods of performing actions in a cell phone based on message parameters|
|US9571439||Feb 14, 2013||Feb 14, 2017||Facebook, Inc.||Systems and methods for notification delivery|
|US9571440||Feb 14, 2013||Feb 14, 2017||Facebook, Inc.||Notification archive|
|US9571975||Oct 30, 2015||Feb 14, 2017||Facebook, Inc.||Identifying users of a communications system at commonn geographic locations|
|US9615225||Mar 20, 2015||Apr 4, 2017||Google Inc.||Automatically enabling the forwarding of instant messages|
|US9619575||Jul 9, 2014||Apr 11, 2017||Facebook, Inc.||System and method for analyzing communications|
|US9621493||Sep 14, 2012||Apr 11, 2017||Facebook, Inc.||Providing supplemental information corresponding to a referenced individual|
|US9628431||Jul 1, 2011||Apr 18, 2017||Facebook, Inc.||E-mail integrated instant messaging|
|US9639876||May 21, 2015||May 2, 2017||Ddr Holdings, Llc||Method and computer system for serving commerce information of an outsource provider in connection with host web pages offering commercial opportunities|
|US9641897||Sep 14, 2012||May 2, 2017||At&T Intellectual Property Ii, L.P.||Systems and methods for playing, browsing and interacting with MPEG-4 coded audio-visual objects|
|US20010000457 *||Dec 4, 2000||Apr 26, 2001||Hinderks Larry W.||Method and apparatus for dynamic allocation of transmission bandwidth resources and for transmission of multiple audio signals with a video signal|
|US20010025377 *||Dec 29, 2000||Sep 27, 2001||Hinderks Larry W.||High bandwidth transmission system and method having local insertion, delay play and demand play|
|US20010038686 *||Jul 3, 2001||Nov 8, 2001||Larry Hinderks||Method and apparatus for transmitting coded audio signals through a transmission channel with limited bandwidth|
|US20010042104 *||Feb 12, 2001||Nov 15, 2001||Donoho David Leigh||Inspector for computed relevance messaging|
|US20010049603 *||Mar 8, 2001||Dec 6, 2001||Sravanapudi Ajay P.||Multimodal information services|
|US20010051987 *||Feb 13, 2001||Dec 13, 2001||Koji Fukumoto||E-mail system and E-mail transmission method of broadcasting|
|US20020023131 *||Mar 19, 2001||Feb 21, 2002||Shuwu Wu||Voice Instant Messaging|
|US20020048275 *||Apr 24, 2001||Apr 25, 2002||Antonio Atwater||Method and apparatus for receiving full-motion digital video multi-casts, interactive data and interactive voice via a DSL circuit|
|US20020062393 *||Aug 3, 2001||May 23, 2002||Dana Borger||Systems, methods and computer program products for integrating advertising within web content|
|US20020065884 *||Nov 30, 2001||May 30, 2002||Donoho David Leigh||Relevance clause for computed relevance messaging|
|US20020065977 *||Nov 21, 2001||May 30, 2002||Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.||Information distribution system and method|
|US20020073154 *||Feb 6, 2002||Jun 13, 2002||Fujitsu Limited||Chat system, terminal device therefor, display method of chat system, and recording medium|
|US20020078180 *||Dec 7, 2001||Jun 20, 2002||Kizna Corporation||Information collection server, information collection method, and recording medium|
|US20020080165 *||Jun 8, 2001||Jun 27, 2002||Franz Wakefield||Method and system for creating, using and modifying multifunctional website hot spots|
|US20020083089 *||Oct 27, 2001||Jun 27, 2002||Piccionelli Gregory A.||Method and apparatus for generating linking means and updating text files on a wide area network|
|US20020091683 *||Dec 17, 2001||Jul 11, 2002||Yamaha Corporation||Method of searching information site by item keyword and action keyword|
|US20020091771 *||Mar 6, 2002||Jul 11, 2002||At&T Corp.||Network communications system and method for worldwide web broadcasting|
|US20020105955 *||Nov 13, 2001||Aug 8, 2002||Roberts Roswell R.||Ethernet digital storage (EDS) card and satellite transmission system including faxing capability|
|US20020111822 *||Oct 2, 2001||Aug 15, 2002||Atsushi Shimizu||Information mediating system and method for mediating information|
|US20020136227 *||Mar 25, 2002||Sep 26, 2002||Koninklijke Kpn N.V.||System for personalized information distribution|
|US20020177914 *||Feb 26, 2002||Nov 28, 2002||Tim Chase||Audio distribution and production system|
|US20020191087 *||Aug 15, 2002||Dec 19, 2002||Canon Kabushiki Kaisha||Communication apparatus and method that link a network address with designated image information|
|US20020194295 *||Jun 15, 2001||Dec 19, 2002||Groupe 2Mb Inc.||Scalable data-sharing architecture|
|US20020194364 *||Aug 12, 2002||Dec 19, 2002||Timothy Chase||Aggregate information production and display system|
|US20030008711 *||Jul 5, 2001||Jan 9, 2003||Dana Corbo||Method and system for providing real time sports betting information|
|US20030016393 *||Jul 20, 2001||Jan 23, 2003||Johnson Steven C.||Electronic service transaction and method|
|US20030016796 *||Sep 17, 2002||Jan 23, 2003||Larry Hinderks|
|US20030040937 *||Apr 2, 2001||Feb 27, 2003||Gregersen Carsten Rhod||Method and system for pushing information|
|US20030048299 *||Oct 22, 2002||Mar 13, 2003||Stern Joseph L.||System and method for accessing, manipulating and viewing internet and non-internet related information and for controlling networked devices|
|US20030050979 *||Feb 26, 2001||Mar 13, 2003||Kazunori Takahashi||Information distributing system|
|US20030052916 *||Oct 22, 2002||Mar 20, 2003||Stern Joseph L.||System and method for controlling networked devices and accessing, manipulating and viewing internet and non-internet related information through multiple sessions|
|US20030055829 *||Sep 20, 2001||Mar 20, 2003||Rajit Kambo||Method and apparatus for automatic notification of database events|
|US20030088482 *||Dec 17, 2002||May 8, 2003||Blumberg J. Seth||Grouping and pooling of economic and design resources relating to products and services|
|US20030110025 *||Dec 2, 2002||Jun 12, 2003||Detlev Wiese||Error concealment in digital transmissions|
|US20030115043 *||Feb 5, 2003||Jun 19, 2003||Detlev Wiese||Error concealment in digital transmissions|
|US20030115122 *||Jan 27, 2003||Jun 19, 2003||Slater Michael Sol||System and method for alert processing and delivery|
|US20030131361 *||Dec 31, 2002||Jul 10, 2003||Masayuki Yamamoto||Broadcast receiving apparatus with address providing function and information access system using the same|
|US20030142797 *||Dec 16, 2002||Jul 31, 2003||Troy Terrence E.||Information notification system|
|US20030195967 *||Apr 16, 2003||Oct 16, 2003||Selgas Thomas Drennan||Method of cost reduction/billing|
|US20030195968 *||Apr 16, 2003||Oct 16, 2003||Selgas Thomas Drennan||Incorporation of a web page program to modify a database|
|US20030206554 *||Jul 20, 2001||Nov 6, 2003||Hughes Electronics Corporation||System and method for multicasting multimedia content|
|US20030236908 *||Apr 9, 2003||Dec 25, 2003||Khang Vu Tien||Internet broadcast system|
|US20040002958 *||Jun 26, 2002||Jan 1, 2004||Praveen Seshadri||System and method for providing notification(s)|
|US20040027996 *||Apr 21, 2003||Feb 12, 2004||Birdwell Kenneth J.||Transmission announcement system and method for announcing upcoming data transmissions over a broadcast network|
|US20040039814 *||Nov 16, 2001||Feb 26, 2004||Crabtree Ian B||Method of updating interests|
|US20040044658 *||Nov 16, 2001||Mar 4, 2004||Crabtree Ian B||Information provider|
|US20040049537 *||Nov 16, 2001||Mar 11, 2004||Titmuss Richard J||Method of managing resources|
|US20040068481 *||Feb 26, 2003||Apr 8, 2004||Praveen Seshadri||Network framework and applications for providing notification(s)|
|US20040068552 *||Dec 26, 2001||Apr 8, 2004||David Kotz||Methods and apparatus for personalized content presentation|
|US20040068742 *||Oct 4, 2002||Apr 8, 2004||Cushing Michael P.||Distribution of real-time entertainment scheduling data|
|US20040092251 *||Oct 24, 2003||May 13, 2004||Fell Gail Hegarty||Pickup and delivery of data files|
|US20040104926 *||Oct 17, 2003||Jun 3, 2004||Murray James H.||Method of retieving information associated with an object present in a media stream|
|US20040128356 *||Jun 25, 2001||Jul 1, 2004||Keith Bernstein||Email integrated instant messaging|
|US20040148366 *||Jun 11, 2003||Jul 29, 2004||Ross D. Delano||Affiliate commerce system and method|
|US20040193443 *||Apr 8, 2004||Sep 30, 2004||Sony Corporation||Information providing method and information providing system|
|US20040198373 *||Dec 3, 2002||Oct 7, 2004||Ford Daniel Alexander||System and method to anonymously test for proximity of mobile users without revealing individual phase space coordinates|
|US20040210555 *||Mar 12, 2004||Oct 21, 2004||Interval Research Corporation||Alerting users to items of current interest|
|US20040225443 *||May 8, 2003||Nov 11, 2004||Moac Llc||Systems and methods for processing complex data sets|
|US20050025135 *||Aug 27, 2004||Feb 3, 2005||Interdigital Technology Corporation||System for facilitating personal communications with multiple wireless transmit/receive units|
|US20050030937 *||Mar 7, 2001||Feb 10, 2005||Andy Wick||Integration of e-mail with instant messaging services|
|US20050076240 *||Dec 29, 2003||Apr 7, 2005||Barry Appleman||Degrees of separation for handling communications|
|US20050076241 *||Dec 29, 2003||Apr 7, 2005||Barry Appelman||Degrees of separation for handling communications|
|US20050091118 *||Oct 10, 2001||Apr 28, 2005||Accenture Properties (2) B.V.||Location-Based filtering for a shopping agent in the physical world|
|US20050099969 *||Mar 31, 2003||May 12, 2005||Roberts Roswell Iii||Satellite receiver/router, system, and method of use|
|US20050108329 *||May 18, 2004||May 19, 2005||Andrew Weaver||Multiple personalities|
|US20050114884 *||Aug 27, 2004||May 26, 2005||Arif Diwan||Systems and methods for packaging and distributing information|
|US20050143099 *||Dec 15, 2004||Jun 30, 2005||Piccioni Robert L.||Method and system for situation tracking and notification|
|US20050209923 *||May 17, 2005||Sep 22, 2005||Jablonski Tomas E||Custom computer wallpaper and marketing system and method|
|US20050223040 *||May 16, 2005||Oct 6, 2005||Upadrasta Prasad V||Facilitating searching on multicast receivers|
|US20050256847 *||May 12, 2004||Nov 17, 2005||Karstens Christopher K||System and method of building proven search paths|
|US20050261012 *||Feb 14, 2005||Nov 24, 2005||Douglas Weiser||Public service message broadcasting system and method|
|US20060004691 *||Jun 20, 2005||Jan 5, 2006||Technorati Inc.||Ecosystem method of aggregation and search and related techniques|
|US20060015637 *||Jun 30, 2005||Jan 19, 2006||Matrixstream Technologies Inc.||System and method for transferring content via a network|
|US20060031772 *||Sep 29, 2005||Feb 9, 2006||Judson Valeski||Automatic categorization of entries in a contact list|
|US20060101488 *||Nov 10, 2005||May 11, 2006||Lg Electronics Inc.||Method for providing information during a channel change in a digital broadcast receiver|
|US20060135259 *||Dec 17, 2004||Jun 22, 2006||Nokia Corporation||System, game server, terminal, and method for game event notification in a multiplayer game|
|US20060135261 *||Feb 14, 2005||Jun 22, 2006||Nokia Corporation||System, game server, terminal, and method for clan presence in a multiplayer game|
|US20060161863 *||Nov 16, 2005||Jul 20, 2006||Gallo Anthony C||Cellular user interface|
|US20060170945 *||Dec 30, 2005||Aug 3, 2006||Bill David S||Mood-based organization and display of instant messenger buddy lists|
|US20060179455 *||Apr 6, 2006||Aug 10, 2006||Lg Electronics, Inc.||Multiple item user preference information data structure and method for providing multi-media information|
|US20060190961 *||Sep 30, 2005||Aug 24, 2006||Sean Handel||Method and system for capturing and calculating complex consumer ratings of goods and services|
|US20060258368 *||Sep 29, 2005||Nov 16, 2006||Jennifer Granito||Personalized location information for mobile devices|
|US20060263618 *||Apr 28, 2006||Nov 23, 2006||University Of Maine,||Multifunctional reinforcement system for wood composite panels|
|US20070005804 *||Nov 12, 2003||Jan 4, 2007||Neil Rideout||Multicast videoconferencing|
|US20070016909 *||Sep 19, 2006||Jan 18, 2007||Innovation Management Sciences|
|US20070022090 *||Sep 27, 2006||Jan 25, 2007||Network Ice Corporation, Inc.||Method and Apparatus for Providing Network and Computer System Security|
|US20070025351 *||Apr 24, 2006||Feb 1, 2007||Merrill Lynch & Co., Inc., A Delaware Corporation||System and method for low latency market data|
|US20070130052 *||Jan 19, 2007||Jun 7, 2007||Vns Corporation||Vehicular Data Exchange System And Method Therefor|
|US20070134641 *||Dec 8, 2005||Jun 14, 2007||Mobicom Corporation||Personalized content delivery|
|US20070174453 *||Mar 12, 2007||Jul 26, 2007||Donoho David L||Relevance clause for computed relevance messaging|
|US20070178887 *||Nov 14, 2006||Aug 2, 2007||Richard Helferich||Systems and methods for downloading information to a mobile device|
|US20070180380 *||Apr 3, 2007||Aug 2, 2007||Yodlee.Com, Inc.||Method and Apparatus for Providing Automation to an Internet Navigation Application|
|US20070202800 *||Jan 18, 2007||Aug 30, 2007||Roswell Roberts||Ethernet digital storage (eds) card and satellite transmission system|
|US20070239609 *||Mar 15, 2007||Oct 11, 2007||Starguide Digital Networks, Inc.||Method and apparatus for push and pull distribution of multimedia|
|US20070239667 *||Apr 4, 2007||Oct 11, 2007||Domenico Di Giulio||Database query generation method and system|
|US20070244852 *||Apr 3, 2007||Oct 18, 2007||Giulio Domenico D||Database query processing method and system|
|US20070282769 *||May 10, 2006||Dec 6, 2007||Inquira, Inc.||Guided navigation system|
|US20080010352 *||Jul 12, 2007||Jan 10, 2008||Donoho David L||Advice provided for offering highly targeted advice without compromising individual privacy|
|US20080059570 *||Sep 5, 2007||Mar 6, 2008||Aol Llc||Enabling an im user to navigate a virtual world|
|US20080104037 *||Dec 18, 2007||May 1, 2008||Inquira, Inc.||Automated scheme for identifying user intent in real-time|
|US20080147487 *||Oct 5, 2007||Jun 19, 2008||Technorati Inc.||Methods and apparatus for conversational advertising|
|US20080163202 *||Oct 31, 2007||Jul 3, 2008||Mainstream Scientific, Llc||Server Including Components for Accessing and Displaying Internet Content and for Providing Same to a Client|
|US20080184138 *||Jan 25, 2008||Jul 31, 2008||Derek Krzanowski||System, method and apparatus for selecting content from web sources and posting content to web logs|
|US20080189163 *||Feb 1, 2008||Aug 7, 2008||Inquira, Inc.||Information management system|
|US20080201488 *||Apr 28, 2008||Aug 21, 2008||Brian Kenner||System and method for server-side optimization of data delivery on a distributed computer network|
|US20080228695 *||Jul 21, 2006||Sep 18, 2008||Technorati, Inc.||Techniques for analyzing and presenting information in an event-based data aggregation system|
|US20080229217 *||Oct 31, 2007||Sep 18, 2008||Mainstream Scientific, Llc||Component for Accessing and Displaying Internet Content|
|US20080288347 *||Jul 6, 2007||Nov 20, 2008||Technorati, Inc.||Advertising keyword selection based on real-time data|
|US20080293385 *||Jul 3, 2008||Nov 27, 2008||Helferich Richard J||System and method for delivering information to a transmitting and receiving device|
|US20080301061 *||Jun 2, 2008||Dec 4, 2008||Kittelsen Douglas G||Method and System for Monitoring Market Data to Identify User Defined Market Conditions|
|US20080307074 *||Jul 28, 2008||Dec 11, 2008||Lextron Systems, Inc.||Customizable Media Player with Online/Offline Capabilities|
|US20090049043 *||Aug 14, 2007||Feb 19, 2009||Weinman Jr Joseph B||Method and apparatus for providing traffic-based content acquisition and indexing|
|US20090077047 *||Aug 14, 2006||Mar 19, 2009||Inquira, Inc.||Method and apparatus for identifying and classifying query intent|
|US20090089044 *||Aug 14, 2006||Apr 2, 2009||Inquira, Inc.||Intent management tool|
|US20090183103 *||Jan 16, 2008||Jul 16, 2009||Qualcomm Incorporated||Interactive ticker|
|US20090187933 *||Apr 1, 2009||Jul 23, 2009||Swisscom Mobile Ag||System and method for distribution of picture objects|
|US20090191848 *||Nov 7, 2008||Jul 30, 2009||Helferich Richard J||Wireless messaging system|
|US20090198774 *||Mar 26, 2009||Aug 6, 2009||Michael Naimark||Alerting users to items of current interest|
|US20090234922 *||Nov 30, 2005||Sep 17, 2009||Aol Llc||Automatically Enabling the Forwarding of Instant Messages|
|US20090248816 *||Dec 17, 2008||Oct 1, 2009||Aol Llc, A Delaware Limited Liability Company (Formerly Known As America Online, Inc.)||Passive Personalization of Buddy Lists|
|US20090271514 *||Mar 4, 2009||Oct 29, 2009||Yahoo! Inc.||System and method for monitoring user interaction with web pages|
|US20090290695 *||May 19, 2009||Nov 26, 2009||Henning Schulzrinne||Network Telephony Appliance and System for Inter/Intranet Telephony|
|US20090313265 *||Aug 19, 2009||Dec 17, 2009||Technorati Inc.||Ecosystem method of aggregation and search and related techniques|
|US20100002690 *||Sep 16, 2009||Jan 7, 2010||Henning Schulzrinne||Network telephony appliance and system for inter/intranet telephony|
|US20100042701 *||Aug 12, 2009||Feb 18, 2010||Robert James Cole||System and method for restrictively exchange product data between communication devices of a limited-user network|
|US20100113114 *||Jan 12, 2010||May 6, 2010||Corcom, Inc.||Method and System for Providing Real Time Sports Betting Information|
|US20100114705 *||Jan 22, 2010||May 6, 2010||B.E. Technologies, Llc||Method of reactive targeted advertising|
|US20100149348 *||Feb 19, 2010||Jun 17, 2010||Canon Kabushiki Kaisha||Displaying selected image information and a map in an associated manner|
|US20100150050 *||Feb 3, 2010||Jun 17, 2010||Stragent, Llc||Systems And Methods For Packaging And Distributing Information|
|US20100150156 *||Feb 3, 2010||Jun 17, 2010||Stragent, Llc||Systems And Methods For Packaging And Distributing Information|
|US20100169801 *||Dec 22, 2009||Jul 1, 2010||Aol Llc||Multiple avatar personalities|
|US20100205180 *||Apr 23, 2010||Aug 12, 2010||Inquira, Inc.||Method and apparatus for identifying and classifying query intent|
|US20100215270 *||Feb 26, 2009||Aug 26, 2010||Pradheesh Manohar||System and Methods for Automatically Accessing a Web Site on Behalf of a Client|
|US20100257442 *||Jun 22, 2010||Oct 7, 2010||Mainstream Scientific, Llc||Apparatus and method for dynamically coordinating the delivery of computer readable media|
|US20100280939 *||Jul 15, 2010||Nov 4, 2010||Ften, Inc.||Financial data processing system|
|US20100332992 *||Jun 24, 2010||Dec 30, 2010||David Leigh Donoho||Method and apparatus for inspecting the properties of a computer|
|US20110029389 *||Oct 15, 2010||Feb 3, 2011||Mccullough Sean M||Method for click-stream analysis using web directory reverse categorization|
|US20110082930 *||Dec 13, 2010||Apr 7, 2011||New York University||Method and apparatus for monitor and notification in a network|
|US20110131210 *||Jan 12, 2011||Jun 2, 2011||Inquira, Inc.||Guided navigation system|
|US20110148916 *||Feb 25, 2011||Jun 23, 2011||Aol Inc.||Modifying avatar behavior based on user action or mood|
|US20110161418 *||May 10, 2010||Jun 30, 2011||Bachman Jonathan A||Collaborative Linking System with Bi-Directed Variable Granularity Search Engine|
|US20110166982 *||Aug 31, 2010||Jul 7, 2011||Ften, Inc.||Intraday risk management data cloud computing system capable of controlling execution of orders|
|US20110185411 *||Apr 4, 2011||Jul 28, 2011||Thomas Drennan Selgas||Method of obtaining a network address|
|US20110196939 *||Apr 25, 2011||Aug 11, 2011||Aol Inc.||Degrees of separation for handling communications|
|US20110202447 *||Apr 22, 2011||Aug 18, 2011||Ften, Inc.||Financial data processing system|
|US20110208582 *||May 13, 2011||Aug 25, 2011||B.E. Technology, L.L.C.||Targeted advertising services method|
|US20110221860 *||May 26, 2011||Sep 15, 2011||Neil Rideout||Multicast videoconferencing|
|US20110225081 *||Jan 31, 2011||Sep 15, 2011||Ften, Inc.||Method and system for canceling orders for financial articles of trades|
|US20110231507 *||May 31, 2011||Sep 22, 2011||Aol Inc.||Providing supplemental contact information corresponding to a referenced individual|
|US20130144938 *||Sep 14, 2012||Jun 6, 2013||Facebook, Inc.||State change alerts mechanism|
|US20130311390 *||Feb 28, 2013||Nov 21, 2013||Collegenet, Inc.||Automatic data transmission in response to content of electronic forms satisfying criteria|
|US20130346545 *||Mar 11, 2013||Dec 26, 2013||Google Inc.||Selecting, ranking, and/or presenting microsite content|
|US20140280618 *||Mar 14, 2013||Sep 18, 2014||International Business Machines Corporation||Dynamic alert recognition system|
|USRE43843||Nov 15, 2007||Dec 4, 2012||Megawave Audio Llc||High bandwidth broadcast system having localized multicast access to broadcast content|
|USRE44782||Nov 12, 2003||Feb 25, 2014||Supracomm, Inc.||Multicast videoconferencing|
|USRE45254||May 31, 2013||Nov 18, 2014||Facebook, Inc.||Implicit population of access control lists|
|CN100417072C||Jan 21, 2004||Sep 3, 2008||微软公司||Network framework and applications for providing notification(s)|
|EP1074920A1 *||Mar 17, 2000||Feb 7, 2001||INTERSHOP Software Entwicklungs GmbH||Transmission of information by means of an address data field|
|EP1081606A2 *||Aug 11, 2000||Mar 7, 2001||comMouse AG||Method and mouse with display for navigation in a computer network|
|EP1081606A3 *||Aug 11, 2000||May 2, 2001||comMouse AG||Method and mouse with display for navigation in a computer network|
|EP1091585A2||Sep 21, 2000||Apr 11, 2001||Lg Electronics Inc.|
|EP1091585A3 *||Sep 21, 2000||Dec 29, 2004||Lg Electronics Inc.|
|EP1111518A1 *||Dec 15, 2000||Jun 27, 2001||Xerox Corporation||System and method for document notification and delivery across heterogeneous document repositories|
|EP1130845A2 *||Feb 15, 2001||Sep 5, 2001||Agilent Technologies Inc. a Delaware Corporation||Publish/subscribe system|
|EP1130845A3 *||Feb 15, 2001||Sep 12, 2001||Agilent Technologies Inc. a Delaware Corporation||Publish/subscribe system|
|EP1215596A2 *||Dec 12, 2001||Jun 19, 2002||Kizna Corporation||Information collection server with content conversion and synchronization for mobile clients|
|EP1215596A3 *||Dec 12, 2001||Aug 28, 2002||Kizna Corporation||Information collection server with content conversion and synchronization for mobile clients|
|EP1225521A2 *||Jan 14, 2002||Jul 24, 2002||Openwave Systems Inc.||Method and apparatus for providing application integration on a web browser|
|EP1225521A3 *||Jan 14, 2002||Dec 28, 2005||Openwave Systems Inc.||Method and apparatus for providing application integration on a web browser|
|EP1246394A1 *||Mar 26, 2001||Oct 2, 2002||Koninklijke PTT Nederland N.V.||System for personalised information distribution|
|EP1252769B2 †||Feb 1, 2000||Dec 20, 2006||Swisscom Mobile AG||System and method for diffusing image objects|
|EP1411447A3 *||Oct 2, 2003||Jul 5, 2006||Tribune Media Services Inc.||Distribution of real-time entertainment scheduling data|
|EP1416698A1 *||Aug 20, 2003||May 6, 2004||Openwave Systems Inc.||Method and apparatus for recognising the access of data previously notified via a push message|
|EP1438689A2 *||Sep 30, 2002||Jul 21, 2004||Accenture Global Services GmbH||Collaborative portal system for business launch centers and other environments|
|WO1999044149A1 *||Feb 25, 1999||Sep 2, 1999||Mcneill Brian L||Multicast and unicast internet protocol content distribution having a feedback mechanism for real-time|
|WO2000026762A1 *||Oct 29, 1999||May 11, 2000||Searchgenie.Com, Inc.||Internet searching system|
|WO2000065763A2 *||Apr 26, 2000||Nov 2, 2000||Dodots, Inc.||Apparatus and method for delivering internet content|
|WO2000065763A3 *||Apr 26, 2000||Jan 25, 2001||Dodots Inc||Apparatus and method for delivering internet content|
|WO2000077657A1 *||Jun 9, 2000||Dec 21, 2000||Remote Communications Inc.||Connectionless remote control system|
|WO2000079734A1 *||Jun 19, 2000||Dec 28, 2000||The Trustees Of Columbia University In The City Of New York||System and method for receiving over a network a broadcast from a broadcast source|
|WO2001009762A1 *||Jul 31, 2000||Feb 8, 2001||Intershop Software Entwicklungs Gmbh||Information transmission via address data field|
|WO2001026270A2 *||Oct 6, 2000||Apr 12, 2001||World Multicast.Com, Inc.||Automated subscriber ip multicast programming|
|WO2001026270A3 *||Oct 6, 2000||Jan 10, 2002||World Multicast Com Inc||Automated subscriber ip multicast programming|
|WO2001053972A2 *||Jan 12, 2001||Jul 26, 2001||Digital:Convergence Corporation||Method and apparatus for utilizing coded signals to conduct commerce over the internet|
|WO2001053972A3 *||Jan 12, 2001||Mar 28, 2002||Digital Convergence Corp||Method and apparatus for utilizing coded signals to conduct commerce over the internet|
|WO2001077903A1 *||Apr 9, 2001||Oct 18, 2001||Gte Internetworking Incorporated||Systems and methods for packaging and distributing information|
|WO2001078315A2 *||Apr 9, 2001||Oct 18, 2001||America Online, Inc.||System for state change alerts|
|WO2001078315A3 *||Apr 9, 2001||Aug 15, 2002||America Online Inc||System for state change alerts|
|WO2001084365A1 *||Sep 25, 2000||Nov 8, 2001||Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba||Service providing method using information network|
|WO2001088662A2 *||May 16, 2001||Nov 22, 2001||Answerfriend.Com||Answering natural language queries|
|WO2001088662A3 *||May 16, 2001||Mar 28, 2002||Answerfriend Com||Answering natural language queries|
|WO2002032025A1 *||Oct 9, 2000||Apr 18, 2002||Ses Astra S.A.||Internet broadcast system|
|WO2002041177A1 *||Nov 16, 2001||May 23, 2002||British Telecommunications Plc||Method of managing resources|
|WO2003053006A1 *||Dec 17, 2002||Jun 26, 2003||Citizenobserver.Com, Inc.||An information notification system|
|WO2004044710A2 *||Nov 12, 2003||May 27, 2004||Supracomm, Inc.||Multicast videoconferencing|
|WO2004044710A3 *||Nov 12, 2003||Dec 16, 2004||Supracomm Inc||Multicast videoconferencing|
|WO2007002839A2 *||Jun 27, 2006||Jan 4, 2007||Merrill Lynch & Co., Inc.||System and method for low latency data|
|WO2007002839A3 *||Jun 27, 2006||Apr 23, 2009||Merrill Lynch & Co Inc||System and method for low latency data|
|U.S. Classification||1/1, 709/206, 707/E17.109, 709/218, 707/999.003, 707/999.104, 707/999.01, 707/999.004|
|International Classification||G06F17/30, H04L29/06, H04L12/18, H04L29/08|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S707/99934, Y10S707/99933, Y10S707/99945, H04L29/06, H04L12/1895, G06F17/30867, H04L69/329, H04L67/00|
|European Classification||H04L12/18Y, G06F17/30W1F, H04L29/06|
|Apr 11, 1997||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: IMMEDIATA CORPORATION, WASHINGTON
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:CALVI, MAURO;HUNT, DOUGLAS;BENNETT, CARLEN BRETT;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:008658/0313
Effective date: 19970409
|Oct 4, 2002||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Oct 25, 2006||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Apr 6, 2007||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Jun 5, 2007||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20070406