US 58957 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JOSIAII STUBES, OF DEOATUILVASSIGNOR TO HIMSELF AND H. E. FOSTER, OF MACON COUNTY, ILLINOIS.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 58,957, dated October 16, 1866.
To all whom it may concern..-
Be it known that 1, JosrAH SrUBs, of Decatur, Macon county, Illinois, have invented a new and useful lVashing-llIaehine; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawing or vertical section of a machine embodying my invention.
My invention relates to the class of washing-machines which consist, essentially, of a closed tub or box mounted on rockers, and consists in combining, in the manner hereinafter described, a corrugated rubber with a gravitating beater or pounder, which operates automatically by the oscillations of themachine.
A is a long trunk, box, or tub, which may be rectangular in its transverse section. The tub A is supported on rockers, of which one, B, is secu in the drawing, and is vibrated to and fro by means ot' a handle, O. An open` ing, D, in the top of the tub is closed byalid, E, hinged to the tub at e, the lid E being fastened by means of a button, G, or otherwise. An india-rubber gasket, F, between the lid and the edges of the opening serves to hermetically close the tub. The lid E is furnished with a knob or handle, II.
I is a heavy block of Woo'd, weighing from fifteen to eighteen pounds, and restricted to a longitudinal path in the tub by. means of ribs, slides, or ledges J, which project from the tub on each side thereof and enter corresponding grooves in the beater I. The door of the tub is provided with a series of transverse corrugations or ribs, K.
The box may be of any preferred size; but I have found one three and a quarter feet long to Work Well.
Operation: The tub being about half-filled with suds andthe clothes being inserted at each end of the tub, the lid is closed tightly down and the machine oscillated to and fro by means of the handle C. The violent surging and overturning of the suds and clothes and the projection of the beater I from end to end of the tub act to force the suds very rapidly and etfectually through the meshes of the clothes, and at the same time rub and squeeze the latter upon the corrugated door K, and thus remove the dirt. The detergent action is greatly heightened by the confinement of the heat and steam within the tub by the hermetically-closed lid. 'lhe work is mainly effected through the agency ofthe violent pounding and swashing action ofthe vibrating beater acting to drive the water through the clothes and the dirt with it. The beater also, by driving the clothes up against one end, causes them to fall bodily over, and thus change their position on the reverse oscillation of the the machine.
I have selected to illustrate my invention the form adopted by me, and which actual test has proved successful, but do not restrict myself to the precise construction represented so long as the same results are obtained by means substantially the same. For example, grooves in the sides of the tub to receive tongues or projections from the beater may take the place of the projecting slides J, or the beater may be supported upon cast wheels or rollers attached to its own sides or to those of the box. wringer may be attached to the side of the opening lnost distant from the handle C.
I claim herein as new and of my invention- The combination of the corrugated door K, gravitating beater F, and closed rocking box A B E, all constructed and arranged to operate in the manner and for the purposes set forth.
In testimony of which invention I hereunto set my hand.
A. J. GALLAGHER, I. A. BUCKINGHAM.
The lid E being thrown open, a;