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Publication numberUS590685 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 28, 1897
Filing dateOct 21, 1895
Publication numberUS 590685 A, US 590685A, US-A-590685, US590685 A, US590685A
InventorsMarmaduke Matthews
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Half to agnes jardine
US 590685 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(No Model.)


COMBINED SPRING PEDAL AND TOE CLIP. 1 I0.59O,685.- Patented Sept. 28, 1897.

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SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent N 0. 590,685, dated September 28, 1897. Application filed October 21,1895. Serial No. 566,408. (No model.) Patented in England October 28, 1895, No. 20,289.

To all whom it may concern.-

Beit known that LMARMADUKE MATTHEWS, artist, of the village of Bracond-ale, in the county of York and Province of Ontario, Canada, have invented a certain new and Improved Combined Spring-Pedal and Toe-Clip, (for which I have obtained an English patent, No. 20,289, dated October 2S,-1S95,) of which the following is a specification.

The object of my invention is to devise a combined spring-pedal and toe-clip; and it consists, essentially, of a curved plate having a toe-clip formed at its front end and a flange at its rear end, on whichthe sole of the foot I5 may rest. The plate is connected to a sleeve or other part revolving on the pedal-spindle and the whole is constructed in detail substantially as hereinafter specified and then definitely claimed.

Figure 1 is a perspective view of my improved pedal. Fig. 2 is a sectional view of a modified form. Fig. 3 is an elevation of another modification.

In the drawings like letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in the different figures.

In Fig. 1,A is the crank of a bicycle, to which is connected in the usual manner the spindle B, on which is journaled a sleeve 0.

The sleeve usually runs on ball-bearings.

D D are two metal plates, each comprising a rearward extension having a flange E formed thereon, a middle portion F, fitted on the sleeve 0, and a toe-clip G. These plates D 3 5 are located, one on each side of the sleeve, in

such a'position that no matter which is uppermost its toe-clip will be in front of the sleeve.

H H are blocks of rubber, cork, or other 40 suitable material placed between the plates,

which are clamped on the sleeve 0 by means of rivets or bolts 1, passing through the plates and the rubber blocks H. The central portion F of the plate B might of course be fitted 5 to the spindle in various ways; but I consider the form shown in Fig. l to be preferable, with the rear end of the toe-clip G substantially on a level with the upper side of the sleeve 0. In this figure the flange E is shown serrated, but it might also be made smooth.

' As my improved pedal is particularly adapted for use with the shouldered shoe-plate described in my application Serial No. 563,042,

it is advisable to make my improved pedal in such shape that it may be applied to the ordinary rubber pedal. This modification is shown in Fig. 2.

J are the cross-bars connecting the ends K of the pedal, which are suitably journaled on the spindle B. The rubber is removed from these cross-bars and the plates D clamped thereon bymeans of the bolts or rivets I, passing through the rubber blocks II, as previously described. The centersFof the plates 6 5 D in this form are shaped so as not to come in contact with the spindle B. In this figure will be seen how the flange E engages with the shouldered plate L, secured to the sole of the boot, while the toe engages with the toe- 7o clip G.

Instead of making the plate with the front gripping-piece in the form of a toe-clip, as in Figs. 1 and 2, I may make the front grippingpiece similar to the flange in the rear, so as to be substantially alike, back and front, as shown in the modificationillustrated in Fig.3, and where in the following claims I refer to the term gripping-piece I intend said term to cover the gripping-piece made in the form of a toe-clip shown in Figs. 1 and 2 or the grippingpiece made in the form shown in Fig. 3. In this figure it will be seen that when the foot is placed on the pedal the sole is not in contact with the center of the plate and will not come in contact therewith unless considerable force is exerted on the pedal, as seen in Fig. 2. There is thus a spring-pressure in the pedal, tending always to keep it in contact with the riders foot, so that the probability of the foot 0 being disengaged from the pedal is rendered a remote possibility.

Another great advantage of my improved pedal is that whichever side of the pedal is uppermost a toe-clip and flange are sure to 93 be in a position to engage with the foot.

A pedal especially as constructed in Figs. 1 and 3 will be considerably lighter than any now in use and much easier on the foot.

What I claim as my invention is 1. In a pedal and in combination with the spindle thereof, two plates, each having a flange on one end and a gripping-piece on its side of said spindle with the toe-clip of one 10 forward end comprising an upturned portion plate opposite the flange of the other, subbent to face the said flange, the said plates stantially as described. being secured one on each side of the said Toronto, October 7, 1895.

5 spindle, substantially as described.

2. In a pedal and in combination with the MARMADUKE MATTHEWS spindle thereof, two plates, each having a In presence offlange on one end and a toe-clip on the other 4 \V. G. MOMILLAN,

end, the said plates being secured one on each \V. E. CLENDANIEL.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4762019 *May 5, 1987Aug 9, 1988Beyl Jean JDevice for fixing a shoe on a pedal, a shoe and a pedal thus fitted out
US4815333 *Feb 19, 1987Mar 28, 1989Sampson Sports, Inc.Integrated bicycle pedal with self centering and lateral release capabilities
US4827633 *Oct 3, 1986May 9, 1989Feldstein Frank IRetractable bicycle shoe cleat
US5325738 *Sep 18, 1992Jul 5, 1994Bryne Richard MLocking mechanism for a clipless bicycle pedal
US6341540Apr 6, 1999Jan 29, 2002John Douglas SteinbergClipless pedal
US6425304Dec 1, 2000Jul 30, 2002Speedplay, Inc.Clipless pedal and method for assembling it
US6640663Nov 9, 2002Nov 4, 2003John Douglas SteinbergClipless pedal
US9003921Oct 10, 2007Apr 14, 2015The Hive GlobalRemovable pedal platform
US20090095122 *Oct 10, 2007Apr 16, 2009David WeagleRemovable pedal platform
US20100139125 *Jan 8, 2010Jun 10, 2010Ariat International, Inc.Footwear with rest support
WO1987007119A1 *May 27, 1986Dec 3, 1987Feldstein Frank IRetractable bicycle shoe cleat
WO1987007120A1 *Oct 3, 1986Dec 3, 1987Feldstein Frank IRetractable bicycle shoe cleat
Cooperative ClassificationB62M3/086