|Publication number||US5913633 A|
|Application number||US 08/776,319|
|Publication date||Jun 22, 1999|
|Filing date||Jan 16, 1996|
|Priority date||May 31, 1995|
|Also published as||DE19680507T0, DE19680507T1, WO1996038680A1|
|Publication number||08776319, 776319, PCT/1996/103, PCT/JP/1996/000103, PCT/JP/1996/00103, PCT/JP/96/000103, PCT/JP/96/00103, PCT/JP1996/000103, PCT/JP1996/00103, PCT/JP1996000103, PCT/JP199600103, PCT/JP96/000103, PCT/JP96/00103, PCT/JP96000103, PCT/JP9600103, US 5913633 A, US 5913633A, US-A-5913633, US5913633 A, US5913633A|
|Inventors||Osamu Shimizu, Hiroshi Nakahashi, Nobuo Suzuki|
|Original Assignee||Ntn Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (17), Referenced by (9), Classifications (19), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This invention relates to an arrangement for joining an outer ring of a homokinetic joint to its shaft.
Shell type outer ring, which can be formed by pressing, have been gaining attention because they are lightweight and can be manufactured inexsensively.
But since a shell-type outer ring is formed from a thin steel plate, it is difficult to rigidly join with a shaft. A weak joint between the outer ring and the shaft could markedly lower the performance of the homokinetic joint.
Unexamined Japanese Patent Publication 58-8831 proposes to join a shell-type outer ring to a shaft by means of bolts or by welding.
But bolting or welding reqiures a step in addition to forming an outer ring by pressing. Since such a completely different manufacturing step must to be carried out in a single manufacturing line, workability tends to be low.
Moreover, in the welding method, the strength of the outer ring tends to drop at its joint due to the influence of welding heat. Also, in situations where welding is not uniform; a high loading torque may break the joint portion between the outer ring and the shaft.
An object of this invention is to provide an arrangement for joining the outer ring of a homokinetic joint to its shaft with high reliability, not by welding, but by a simple mechanical means.
According to this invention, there is provided an arrangement for joining an outer ring to a shaft of a homokinetic joint. The arrangement is comprised of a hole formed in the outer ring to receive the shaft, the hole being formed by pressing. The hole, in turn, has a plurality of flat surfaces or grooves. One end of the shaft is then press-fitted into the hole to join the outer ring to the shaft.
Preferably, the inner surface of the hole is harder than the engaging portion at one end of the shaft.
Since the outer ring and the shaft are prevented from turning relative to each other by the flat surfaces or serrated grooves formed on the inner periphery of the hole of the outer ring in which the shaft is press-fitted, the outer ring and the shaft can be coupled together with high reliability.
Since the surface of the hole formed in the outer ring is harder than the portion of the shaft inserted into the hole, the shaft can be held stably in position once it is press-fitted in the hole, with the portion of the shaft fitted in the hole deformed so as to conform to the shape of the hole.
FIG. 1A is a sectional view of a first embodiment of the invention showing an outer ring being joined to a shaft;
FIG. 1B is a sectional view of the outer ring and shaft of FIG. 1A after joining;
FIG. 2A is a front view of the outer ring of the first embodiment;
FIG. 2B is a front view of the end of the shaft;
FIG. 3A is a front view of an outer ring of a second embodiment;
FIG. 3B is a front view of the end of the shaft of FIG. 3A;
FIG. 4A is a sectional view of a third embodiment of the invention showing an outer ring being joined to a shaft; and
FIG. 4B is a sectional view of the outer ring and shaft of FIG. 4A after joining.
The embodiments of this invention will now be described with reference to the drawings.
As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, an outer ring 1 is a cup-shaped member formed by pressing a thin-walled steel pipe or a cylindrical material having a closed bottom. A plurality of track grooves 2 are formed in the inner periphery of the outer ring 1 so that the outer ring has a petal-shaped cross-section. A homokinetic joint is assembled by mounting a torque transmission member 3 comprising balls, a cage and an inner ring in the outer ring 1. The outer ring 1 has a hole 4 formed in the center of its end wall la by punching.
The hole 4 has a polygonal surface 8 as shown in FIG. 2A or a serrated surface 10 as shown in FIG. 3A. The surface 8 or 10 is hardened by carburizing or induction hardening.
A shaft 5 has a large-diameter portion 11 at one end and a protrusion 7 formed at the end of the large-diameter portion 11 and with the protression 7 being inserted into the hole 4 of the outer ring 1. Threads 6 are formed on the outer periphery of the shaft 5 at the other end thereof.
The surface of the protrusion 7 is not hardened. Its diameter is slightly larger than that of the hole 4. A seal 12 is fitted in a groove 13 formed in a shoulder between the protrusion 7 and the large-diameter portion 11.
The shaft 5 is joined to the outer ring 1 by press-fitting the protrusion 7 of the shaft 5 into the hole 4 of the outer ring 1 as shown in FIG. 1A, and striking the end of the protrusion 7 protruding into the outer ring 1 in the axial direction with a caulking tool 9 to form a caulked portion 14 at the end of the shaft 5, as shown in FIG. 1B.
By press-fitting and caulking, the polygonal shape of the surface 8 and the serration of the surface 10 are transferred to the projection 7, so that the outer ring 1 is prevented from rotating. By caulking, the shaft 5 is joined to the outer ring 1 without any axial play therebetween. The outer ring 1 will rotate together with the shaft 5. Caulking the end of the projection 7 has an additional effect of correcting any deformation of the end wall la of the outer ring 1 that may occur upon press-fitting the shaft 5 into the hole 4.
FIGS. 4A and 4B show the second embodiment, in which a shaft 5, including a threaded portion 6 at one end thereof, is slightly smaller in diameter than the hole 4 of the outer ring 1, except that an engaging portion 15 at the other end of the shaft 5, is slightly larger in diameter than the hole 4. The engaging portion 15 is provided with a flange 16 at its extreme end that prevents separation of the shaft and the outer ring. The hole 4 of the outer ring 1 has a polygonal surface 8 or serrated surface 10 similar to those shown in FIGS. 2 and 3 and is subjected to hardening.
The shaft 5 is inserted into the hole 4 from inside the outer ring 1 as shown by the arrow in FIG. 4A, until the engaging portion 15 abuts a die 17. In this state, the shaft 5 is struck with a caulking tool 9 as shown in FIG. 4B to form a caulked portion 18 thereby constituting a flange member. The portion of the engaging portion 15 fitted in the hole 4 is deformed into the polygonal or serrated shape conforming to the shape of the polygonal surface 8 or serrated surface 10.
According to this invention, as fully described above, the outer ring and the shaft are mechanically joined together by pressing. Thus, the manufacturing steps of press-forming the outer ring and joining the outer ring to the shaft can be carried out continuously, so that homokinetic joints can be manufactured with high efficiency.
Since the outer ring and the shaft are prevented from rotating relative to each other by the flat surfaces or serrated grooves formed on the inner periphery of the hole of the outer ring in which the shaft is press-fitted, the outer ring and the shaft can be coupled together with high reliability. The homokinetic joint thus formed will operate stably.
Since the surface of the hole formed in the outer ring is harder than the portion of the shaft inserted into the hole, the shaft can be held stably in position once it is press-fitted and deformed into the shape of the hole. The outer ring and the shaft can thus be strongly joined.
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US6406374 *||May 25, 2000||Jun 18, 2002||Aida Engineering Co., Ltd.||Outer ring of a constant velocity universal joint and manufacturing method for the same|
|US6637095||Mar 9, 2001||Oct 28, 2003||Böllhoff GmbH||Joining assembly for mounting a fastening element to an external surface of a structural member|
|US7025685 *||Aug 5, 2003||Apr 11, 2006||Ntn Corporation||Constant velocity universal joint and wheel bearing device using the same|
|US8382595||Jun 14, 2010||Feb 26, 2013||Neapco Llc||Torque limiting driveline|
|US20040058737 *||Aug 5, 2003||Mar 25, 2004||Kazuhiko Yoshida||Constant velocity universal joint and wheel bearing device using the same|
|US20110024253 *||Feb 3, 2011||Neapco Llc||Torque Limiting Driveline|
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|U.S. Classification||403/282, 464/905, 403/279, 403/383|
|International Classification||F16D3/227, F16D3/226, F16D1/072|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10T403/7098, Y10T403/4966, Y10T403/4941, Y10S464/905, F16D2003/22326, F16D2300/12, F16D1/072, F16D3/227, F16D3/226|
|European Classification||F16D3/227, F16D3/226, F16D1/072|
|Jan 30, 1997||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: NTN CORPORATION, JAPAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:SHIMIZU, OSAMU;NAKAHASHI, HIROSHI;SUZUKI, NOBUO;REEL/FRAME:008418/0905
Effective date: 19961212
|Nov 29, 2002||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Nov 27, 2006||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Nov 24, 2010||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12