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Publication numberUS5922726 A
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 08/893,117
Publication dateJul 13, 1999
Filing dateJul 15, 1997
Priority dateJul 15, 1996
Fee statusLapsed
Publication number08893117, 893117, US 5922726 A, US 5922726A, US-A-5922726, US5922726 A, US5922726A
InventorsStefan Scheiblich, Thomas Maier, Helmut Siegfried Baltruschat, Joseph Luke Pont
Original AssigneeAmerican Cyanamid Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Herbicidal 6-thienyl pyridines and 4-thienyl pyrimidines
US 5922726 A
Abstract
The novel 6-thienyl pyridines and 4-thienyl pyrimidines of formula I: ##STR1## (A, R1 to R5 and Z are defined in the specification) show selective herbicidal activity.
The new compounds can be prepared according to known methods and can be used as herbicides in agriculture and related fields.
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Claims(11)
What is claimed is:
1. A compound of formula I: ##STR18## wherein A represents optionally substituted aryl group or an optionally substituted 5- or 6-membered heteroaromatic group with 1 to 3 nitrogen atoms, or a difluorobenzodioxolyl group;
R1 and R2 independently represent a hydrogen atom, an optionally substituted alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, alkoxy, alkoxyalkyl, dialkoxyalkyl, alkoxyalkoxy, alkylthio, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, alkoxyamino or formamidino group; provided that R1 and R2 are not chlorine atoms;
R3, R4 and R5 independently represent a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, an optionally substituted alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, alkoxy, alkoxyalkoxy, alkylthio, haloalkylthio group or a nitro, cyano, SF5 or a alkylsulphonyl or alkylsulfinyl group;
Z represents a nitrogen atom; and the agronomically acceptable salts thereof.
2. A compound of formula I as claimed in claim 1 wherein
A represents optionally substituted aryl group or an optionally substituted 5- or 6-membered heteroaromatic group with 1 to 3 nitrogen atoms, or a difluorobenzodioxolyl group;
R1 and R2 independently represent a hydrogen atom, an optionally substituted alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, alkoxy, alkoxyalkyl, dialkoxyalkyl, alkoxyalkoxy, alkylthio, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, alkoxyamino or formamidino group;
R3, R4 and R5 independently represent a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, an optionally substituted alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, alkoxy, alkoxyalkoxy, alkylthio, haloalkylthio group or a nitro, cyano, SF5 or a alkylsulphonyl or alkylsulfinyl group;
Z represents a nitrogen atom; and the agronomically acceptable salts thereof.
3. A process for the preparation of compounds as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that a compound of formula II: ##STR19## wherein L represents a leaving group selected from halogen atoms, and alkyl- and arylsulfonyl, alkyl- and arylsulfonyloxy and nitro groups, and R1 to R5 and Z are as defined in claim 1, or a tautomer or a metal salt of III:
A--OH                                                      (III)
wherein A is as defined in claim 1, or a tautomer or a metal salt of III.
4. A process for the preparation of compounds as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that a compound of formula IV: ##STR20## wherein R1 to R5 and Z are as defined in claim 1 or a tautomer thereof is coupled with a compound of formula V:
A--L                                                       (V)
wherein A is defined in claim 1 and L represents a leaving group selected from halogen atoms, and alkyl- and arylsulfonyl, alkyl- and arylsulfonyloxy and nitro groups.
5. A process for the preparation of compounds as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that a compound of formula VIII: ##STR21## wherein R1 and R2 and A are defined as in claim 1 and L' represents a leaving group selected from halogen atoms, and alkyl- and arylsulfonyl, alkyl- and arylsulfonyloxy and nitro groups, or a hydrogen atom is coupled with a derivative VI: ##STR22## wherein R3 to R5 and A are defined as in claim 1 and M represents Li, MgCl, MgBr, ZnCl, ZnBr, or B(OH)2 or trialkyl tin, optionally in the presence of transition metal catalyst.
6. A selective herbicidal composition comprising a carrier and/or auxiliaries and/or adjuvants and an effective amount of one or more compounds of formula I as active ingredient: ##STR23## wherein A represents optionally substituted aryl group or an optionally substituted 5- or 6-membered heteroaromatic group with 1 to 3 nitrogen atoms, or a difluorobenzodioxolyl group;
R1 and R2 independently represent a hydrogen atom, an optionally substituted alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, alkoxy, alkoxyalkyl, dialkoxyalkyl, alkoxyalkoxy, alkylthio, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, alkoxyamino or formamidino group;
R3, R4 and R5 independently represent a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, an optionally substituted alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, alkoxy, alkoxyalkoxy, alkylthio, haloalkylthio group or a nitro, cyano, SF5 or a alkylsulphonyl or alkylsulfinyl group;
Z represents a nitrogen atom; and the agronomically acceptable salts thereof.
7. The composition as claimed in claim 6, wherein A is selected from the group consisting of formula a, b and c: ##STR24## wherein R7 is C1-3 alkyl and R8 is C1-4 alkyl, C1-3 haloalkyl, a halogen atom, C1-3 haloalkoxy, or C1-3 haloalkylthio, R1 is methyl, ethyl, methoxy, chlorine, methoxymethyl, R2 is hydrogen, R3 is C1-4 alkyl, hydrogen, chlorine or trifluoromethyl and R4 and R5 are hydrogen and Z is nitrogen.
8. A composition as claimed in claim 6 comprising a pyrimidine of formula 1a: ##STR25## wherein R1 is 5-methyl, 6-methyl, 6-ethyl, 6-methoxy, 6-chloro, 6-methoxymethyl,
R3 is 5-chloro or 5-trifluoromethyl,
A is selected from the group consisting of: ##STR26## wherein R8 ' is a chlorine atom, trifluoromethyl or difluoromethoxy.
9. A composition as claimed in claim 8 selected from the group consisting of:
2-(5-chloro-2-thienyl)-6-methoxy-4-(1-methyl-3-trifluoromethyl-5-pyrazolyloxy)pyrimidine,
2-(5-chloro-2-thienyl)-6-methoxy-4-(2-trifluoromethyl-4-pyridyloxy)pyrimidine,
2-(5-chloro-2-thienyl)-4-chloro-6-(2-chloro-4-pyridyloxy)pyrimidine,
2-(2-thienyl)-6-methyl-4-(1-methyl-3-trifluoromethyl-5-pyrazolyloxy)pyrimidine,
2-(5-chloro-3-thienyl)-6-methyl-4-(1-methyl-3-trifluoromethyl-5-pyrazolyloxy)-pyrimidine,
2-(5-trifluoromethyl-2-thienyl)-6-methyl-4-(1-methyl-3-trifluoromethyl-5-pyrazolyloxy)pyrimidine,
2-(5-trifluoromethyl-2-thienyl)-6-methoxy-4-(1-methyl-3-trifluoromethyl-5-pyrazolyloxy)pyrimidine,
2-(5-trifluoromethyl-2-thienyl)-5-methyl-4-(1-methyl-3-trifluoromethyl-5-pyrazolyloxy)pyrimidine,
2-(5-trifluoromethyl-2-thienyl)-6-methyl-4-(3-trifluoromethylphenoxy)-pyrimidine,
2-(5-trifluoromethyl-2-thienyl)-5-methyl-4-(2-trifluoromethyl-4-pyridyloxy)-pyrimidine,
2-(5-trifluoromethyl-2-thienyl)-5-methyl-4-(2-difluoromethoxy-4-pyridyloxy)-pyrimidine and
2-(5-trifluoromethyl-2-thienyl)-6-methoxy-4-(2-difluoromethoxy-4-pyridyloxy)-pyrimidine.
10. A method for combating undesired plants, which method comprises treating a locus in need of such treatment with an effective amount of a compound of formula I: ##STR27## A represents optionally substituted aryl group or an optionally substituted 5- or 6-membered heteroaromatic group with 1 to 3 nitrogen atoms, or a difluorobenzodioxolyl group;
R1 and R2 independently represent a hydrogen atom, an optionally substituted alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, alkoxy, alkoxyalkyl, dialkoxyalkyl, alkoxyalkoxy, alkylthio, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, alkoxyamino or formamidino group;
R3, R4 and R5 independently represent a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, an optionally substituted alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, alkoxy, alkoxyalkoxy, alkylthio, haloalkylthio group or a nitro, cyano, SF5 or a alkylsulphonyl or alkylsulfinyl group;
Z represents a nitrogen atom; and the agronomically acceptable salts thereof.
11. A method as claimed in claim 10 for combating selectively undesired plants in maize or rice which comprises contacting said undesired plants with an effective amount of a compound of Formula I.
Description

This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application No. 60/021,789 filed on Jul. 15, 1996.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Pyridines, pyrimidines and their derivatives have many uses in the pharmaceutical area as well as in agriculture (herbicides, fungicides, acaricides, anthelmintics, bird repellents), as reagents, intermediates and chemicals for the polymer and textile industry.

2-Arylpyrimidines and 2-pyrimidinyl-6-arylpyridines for example have been described as fungicides (DE 40 29 654 and JO 2131-480, respectively). EP 263,958 is concerned with herbicidal 2,6-diphenylpyridines, and structurally related 2,4-diphenylpyrimidines have been disclosed in EP 354,766 and EP 425,247, respectively, which are also said to be herbicides. Another example are 2,6-diphenoxypyridines, which have been published in EP 572,093 as herbicides. 4-Phenoxy-2-pyrazol-1-yl-pyrimidines are disclosed in DE 29 35 578 to have fungicidal activity. 2-thienylpyridines are known from EP 451585 and EP 693490. Huelsen (Diplomarbeit, Konstanz 1993) describes four distinct 2-(1-methyl-3-trifluoromethyl-pyrazol-5-ylyoxy)-6-phenyl pyridines, however, no biological activity is disclosed.

Although many of the known compounds show considerable activity against various weeds, they are not completely satisfying with regard to their selectivity or because of their persistence.

The compounds according to the present invention combine high herbicidal activity with the necessary selectivity and enhanced soil degradation.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention provides novel 6-thienyl pyridines and 4-thienyl pyrimidines of formula I: ##STR2## wherein A represents optionally substituted aryl group or an optionally substituted 5- or 6-membered nitrogen-containing heteroaromatic group or a difluorobenzodioxolyl group;

R1 and R2 independently represent a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, an optionally substituted alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, alkoxy, alkoxyalkyl, dialkoxyalkyl, alkoxyalkoxy, alkylthio, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, alkoxyamino or formamidino group;

R3, R4 and R5 independently represent a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, an optionally substituted alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, alkoxy, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, alkoxyalkoxy, alkylthio, haloalkylthio group or a nitro, cyano, SF5 or a alkylsulphonyl or alkylsulfinyl group;

Z represents a nitrogen atom or a CR6 group; and

R6 represents a hydrogen or halogen atom, an optionally substituted alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, alkoxy, alkoxyalkoxy, alkylthio, cyano, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, alkoxyamino or formamidino group.

The new compounds show excellent selective herbicidal activity in certain crops, such as maize and rice, and exhibit enhanced soil degradation.

The invention also provides methods for controlling undesired plant growth by contacting said plants with a herbicidally effective amount of the new compounds.

It is another object of the invention to provide selective herbicidal compositions containing the new compounds as active ingredients.

Another object of the invention is to provide new processes for the preparation of the new compounds.

These and other objects and features of the invention will become more apparent from the detailed description set forth hereinbelow.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

Surprisingly, it has now been found that good herbicidal activity is present in novel 6-thienyl pyridines and 4-thienyl pyrimidines of formula I: ##STR3## wherein A represents optionally substituted aryl group or an optionally substituted 5- or 6-membered nitrogen-containing heteroaromatic group or a difluorobenzodioxolyl group;

R1 and R2 independently represent a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, an optionally substituted alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, alkoxy, alkoxyalkyl, dialkoxyalkyl, alkoxyalkoxy, alkylthio, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, alkoxyamino or formamidino group;

R3, R4 and R5 independently represent a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, an optionally substituted alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, alkoxy, alkoxyalkoxy, alkylthio, haloalkylthio group or a nitro, cyano, SF5 or a alkylsulphonyl or alkylsulfinyl group;

Z represents a nitrogen atom or a CR6 group and

R6 represents a hydrogen or halogen atom, an optionally substituted alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, alkoxy, alkoxyalkoxy, alkylthio, cyano, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, alkoxyamino or formamidino group.

These compounds unexpectedly show considerable activity and high selectivity in certain crops, such as maize and rice, in pre- and post-emergence applications on both broadleaf and grassy weed species, and also show enhanced soil degradation.

An aryl group as substituent or part of other substituents or in the definition of A is suitably an optionally substituted phenyl group. Within the definition of A the 5- or 6-membered heteroaryl group comprises optionally substituted 5- or 6-membered heterocycles containing one or more nitrogen and/or oxygen and/or sulfur atoms, 1 to 3 nitrogen atoms being preferred. Examples of such groups are pyrazolyl, imidazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl, pyridyl, pyrazinyl, pyrimidyl, pyridazinyl, isoxazolyl, isothiazolyl and triazinyl groups. As far as A is concerned the definition "aryl" does also include bicyclic systems which consist of a benzene ring fused with a 5- or 6-membered heterocyclic ring as defined above and in turn the 5- or 6-membered heterocycles may be fused with a benzene ring. Another preferred embodiment of A is a difluorobenzodioxolyl group of formula ##STR4##

Generally, if any of the above mentioned moieties comprises an alkyl, alkenyl or alkynyl group, such groups, unless otherwise specified, may be linear or branched and may contain 1 to 6, preferably 1 to 4, carbon atoms. Examples of such groups are methyl, ethyl, propyl, vinyl, allyl, propargyl, isopropyl, butyl, isobutyl and tertiary-butyl groups. The alkyl portion of a haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, haloalkylthio, alkylthio or alkoxy group suitably has from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, preferably 1 or 2 carbon atoms. The number of carbon atoms in the alkoxyalkyl, alkoxyalkoxy or dialkoxyalkyl groups is up to 6, preferably up to 4, e.g. methoxymethyl, methoxymethoxy, methoxyethyl, ethoxymethyl, ethoxyethoxy, dimethoxymethyl.

"Halogen" means a fluorine, chlorine, bromine or iodine atom, preferably fluorine, chlorine or bromine. Haloalkyl moieties of any groups within the definitions used herein and as such can contain one or more halogen atoms. Haloalkyl, haloalkoxy and haloalkylthio are preferably mono-, di- or trifluoroalkyl, -alkoxy and -alkylthio, especially trifluoromethyl, trifluoromethoxy, difluoromethoxy, difluoromethylthio, trifluoromethylthio or 2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy groups.

When any groups are designated as being optionally substituted, the substituent groups which are optionally present may be any of those customarily employed in the modification and/or development of pesticidal compounds and are especially substituents that maintain or enhance the herbicidal activity associated with the compounds of the present invention, or influence persistence of action, soil or plant penetration, or any other desirable property of such herbicidal compounds.

There may be one or more of the same or different substituents present in each part of the molecules. In relation to moieties defined above as comprising an optionally substituted alkyl group, including alkyl parts of haloalkyl, alkoxy, alkylthio, haloalkoxy, alkylamino and dialkylamino groups, specific examples of such substituents include phenyl, halogen atoms, nitro, cyano, hydroxyl, C1-4 -alkoxy, C1-4 -haloalkoxy and C1-4 -alkoxycarbonyl groups.

In relation to moieties defined above as comprising an optionally substituted aryl or heteroaryl group, optional substituents include halogen, especially fluorine, chlorine and bromine atoms, and nitro, cyano, amino, hydroxyl, C1-4 -alkyl, C1-4 -alkoxy, C1-4 -haloalkyl, C1-4 -haloalkenyl, C1-4 -haloalkoxy, C1-4 -haloalkylthio and halosulfanyl groups such as SF5. 1 to 5 substituents may suitably be employed, 1 to 2 substituents being preferred. Typically haloalkyl, haloalkoxy and haloalkylthio groups are trifluoromethyl, trifluoromethoxy, difluoromethoxy, trifluoroethoxy and trifluoromethylthio groups.

In formula 1, A preferably represents a group of formula a, b or c: ##STR5## wherein R7 is C1-3 alkyl and R8 is C1-4 alkyl, C1-3 haloalkyl, a halogen atom, C1-3 haloalkoxy or C1-3 haloalkylthio; while

R1 is methyl, ethyl, methoxy, fluorine, chlorine, methoxymethyl, R2 is hydrogen, R3 is C1-4 alkyl, hydrogen, chlorine or trifluoromethyl and R4 and R5 are hydrogen and Z is nitrogen.

Particularly preferred are the compounds of formula Ia: ##STR6## wherein R1 is 5-methyl, 6-methyl, 6-ethyl, 6-methoxy, 6-chloro, 6-methoxymethyl,

R3 is 5-fluoro, 5-chloro or 5-trifluoromethyl,

A is selected from the groups: ##STR7## (R8 ' is a chlorine atom, trifluoromethyl or difluoromethoxy).

The compounds according to general formula I possess a high herbicidal activity within a wide concentration range and may be used in agriculture or related fields for the selective control of undesired plants such as Alopecurus myosuroides, Echinochloa crus-galli, Setaria viridis, Galium aparine, Stellaria media, Veronica persica, Lamium purpureum, Viola arvensis, Abutilon theophrasti, lpomoea purpurea and Amaranthus retroflexus by pre- and post-emergence application, particularly in certain crops, such as maize and rice.

The compounds according to the invention can be prepared by conventional methods, particularly as follows:

(A) A suitable process for the preparation of the compounds of general formula I comprises the reaction of a compound of formula II: ##STR8## wherein L represents a suitable leaving group and R1 to R5 and Z are as defined above,

with a compound of formula III:

A--OH                                                      (III)

(wherein A is as defined hereinbefore), or a tautomer or a metal salt of III.

(B) Alternatively a compound of formula IV: ##STR9## (wherein R1 to R5 and Z are as defined hereinbefore) or a tautomer thereof is coupled with a compound of formula V:

A--L                                                       (V)

(wherein A and L are as defined herein before, A preferably being a pyridine ring).

The reactions according to (A) and (B) may be carried out in the absence or presence of a solvent which promotes the reaction or at least does not interfere with it. Preferred are polar, aprotic or protic solvents, suitably being N,N-dimethylformamide, dimethylsulfoxide, sulfolane, acetonitrile, methyl ethyl ketone, or an ether, such as tetrahydrofurane or dioxane, or alcoholes, or water, or mixtures thereof. The reaction is carried out at a temperature between ambient temperature and the reflux temperature of the reaction mixture, preferably at elevated temperature, especially at reflux temperature.

The reactions may be carried out in the presence of a basic compound such as an alkali hydroxide or carbonate, e.g. sodium or potassium hydroxide or carbonate, an alkali alkoxide, e.g. sodium ethoxide, or an organic base such as triethylamine.

A hydroxy compound used in the above reactions may be present in form of a salt, preferably as a salt of an alkali metal, particularly of sodium or potassium. Copper salt is most preferred.

Suitable leaving groups L are e.g. alkyl- and arylsulfonyl, alkyl- and arylsulfonyloxy, nitro and halogen, particularly fluorine, chlorine and bromine groups.

(C) Alternatively, a compound of formula VIII: ##STR10## may be reacted with a derivative VI: ##STR11##

In formulae VIII and VI the substituents R1 to R5 and A are as defined above.

M stands for Li, MgCl, MgBr, ZnCl, ZnBr, or B(OH)2 or trialkyl tin. L' has independently the same meanings as L in formula II. If the reaction of VI and VII is followed by an oxidation step, L' can also be hydrogen, as for example described in J. Org. Chem. 53 (1988) 4137. The reaction of VI and VII may be catalyzed by a transition metal catalyst known in the art, the transition metal preferably being Pd or Ni, as for example described in Tetrahedron 48 (1992) 8117, and Chem. Scr. 26 (1986) 305.

The compounds used as starting material are known or can be prepared according to known methods.

Intermediates of formula II can be prepared from compounds IV by conventional methods known in pyrimidine and, pyridine chemistry, as described in: G. R. Newkome, "Pyridine and its Derivatives", in The Chemistry of Heterocyclic Compounds, Vol. 14, Part 5, (1984); and D. J. Brown "The Pyrimidines", in The Chemistry of Heterocyclic Compounds, Vol. 52, (1994). If L represents a halogen atom, II can for example be prepared from IV by reaction with a halogenating agent like POCl3, POBr3, PCl5, COCl2, SO2 Cl2, SOCl2. Compounds II may also be prepared by reaction of a derivative VI with a pyridine or pyrimidine of formula VII: ##STR12## In formulae VI and VII the substituents R1 to R5 and M are as defined above. L' has independently the same meanings as L. If the reaction of VI and VII is followed by an oxidation step, L' can also be hydrogen, as for example described in J. Org. Chem. 53 (1988) 4137. The reaction of VI and VlI may be catalyzed by a transition metal catalyst known in the art, the transition metal preferably being Pd or Ni, as for example described in Tetrahedron 48 (1992) 8117, and Chem. Scr. 26 (1986) 305.

For compounds of formula II, certain substituents R1 like alkoxy, alkylthio, alkylamino, or fluorine, can be introduced onto the pyridine or pyrimidine ring by displacement of a chlorine or bromine atom by a compound R1 --H in the presence of a base, particularly if R1 is at position 4 of the pyridine or 6 of the pyrimidine ring. Fluorine may also be introduced by diazotization.

The pyridones and pyrimidones of formula IV can be prepared by conventional methods commonly used for the formation of pyridinones and pyrimidones, as described in: G. R. Newkome, "Pyridine and its Derivatives", in The Chemistry of Heterocyclic Compounds, Vol. 14, Part 5, (1984); and: D. J. Brown "The Pyrimidines", in The Chemistry of Heterocyclic Compounds, Vol. 52, (1994). Preferably, a thiophene carboxylic acid derivative is condensed with a β-ketocarboxylic acid derivative, like the well know reaction of an amidine with a β-ketoester in the presence of a base.

Intermediates of formula VIII can be prepared from intermediates of formula VlI and compounds A--OH (III) analogously to the reaction between compounds II and III, described above.

The present invention also provides the use of the compounds of formula I as herbicides. Further, in accordance with the invention there is provided a method of combating undesired plant growth at a locus by treating the locus with a composition according to the invention or an effective amount of a compound of formula I. Foliar spray application, is most useful in such situations. Typical crops are cereals, maize, soya bean, sunflower or cotton. However, application may also be to the soil for those compounds having pre-emergence herbicidal action, or to the water of paddy rice fields. The dosage of active ingredient used may, for example be in the range of from 0.005 to 3 kg/ha, preferably 0.01 to 1 kg/ha.

The present invention also extends to a method of making a herbicidal composition of the invention which comprises blending a compound of formula I with at least one carrier.

Preferably there are at least two carriers in a composition of the present invention, at least one of which is a surface-active agent.

A carrier in a composition according to the invention is any material with which the active ingredient is formulated to facilitate application to the locus to be treated, which may be, as appropriate, a plant, seed or soil, or to facilitate storage, transport or handling. A carrier may be a solid or a liquid, including a material which is normally gaseous but which has been compressed to form a liquid, and any of the carriers normally used in formulating herbicidal compositions may be used. Preferably compositions according to the invention contain 0.5 to 95% by weight of active ingredient.

Suitable solid carriers include natural and synthetic clays and silicates, for example natural silicates such as diatomaceous earths; magnesium silicates, for example talcs; magnesium aluminium silicates, for example aftapulgites and vermiculites; aluminium silicates, for example kaolinites, montmorillonites and micas; calcium carbonate; calcium sulphate; ammonium sulphate; synthetic hydrated silicon oxides and synthetic calcium or aluminium silicates; elements, for example carbon and sulphur; natural and synthetic resins, for example coumaron resins, polyvinyl chloride, and styrene polymers and copolymers; solid polychlorophenols; bitumen; waxes; solid fertilisers, for example superphosphates.

Suitable liquid carriers include water; alcohols, for example isopropanol and glycols; ketones, for example acetone, methyl ethyl ketone, methyl isobutyl ketone and cyclohexanone; ethers; amides, for example DMF, aromatic or araliphatic hydrocarbons, for example benzene, toluene and xylene; petroleum fractions, for example kerosene and light mineral oils; chlorinated hydrocarbons, for example carbon tetrachloride, perchloroethylene and trichloroethane. Mixtures of different liquids are often suitable.

Agricultural compositions are often formulated and transported in a concentrated form which is subsequently diluted by the user before application. The presence of small amounts of a carrier which is a surface-active agent facilitates this process of dilution. Thus preferably at least one carrier in a composition according to the invention is a surface active agent. For example, the composition may contain at least two carriers, at least one of which is a surface-active agent.

A surface-active agent may be an emulsifying agent, a dispersing agent or a wetting agent; it may be non-ionic or ionic. Examples of suitable surface-active agents include the sodium or calcium salts of polyacrylic acids and lignin sulphonic acids, the condensation products of fatty acids or aliphatic amines or amides containing at least 12 carbon atoms in the molecule with ethylene oxide and/or propylene oxide, fatty acid esters of glycerol, sorbitol, sucrose or pentaerythrol, condensates of these with ethylene oxide and/or propylene oxide, condensation products of fatty alcohol or alkyl phenols, for example p-octylphenol or p-octylcresol, with ethylene oxide and/or propylene oxide, sulphates or sulphonates of these condensation products, alkali or earth alkali metal salts, preferably sodium salts, or sulphuric or sulphonic acid esters containing at least 10 carbon atoms in the molecule, for example sodium lauryl sulphate, sodium secondary alkyl sulphates, sodium salts of sulphonated castor oil, and sodium alkylaryl sulphonates such as dodecylbenzene sulphonate, and polymers of ethylene oxide and copolymers of ethylene oxide and propylene oxide.

The herbicidal composition of the invention may also contain other active ingredients, for example, compounds possessing insecticidal or fungicidal properties, or other herbicides.

A formulation containing a compound according to the invention can consist of 100 g of active ingredient (compound of formula 1), 30 g of disperging agent, 3 g of antifoaming agent, 2 g of structure agent, 50 g of anti-freezing agent, 0.5 g of a biocidal agent and water ad 1000 mL. Prior to use it is diluted with water to give the desired concentration of active ingredient.

For a more clear understanding of the invention, specific examples are set forth below. These examples are merely illustrations and are not to be understood as limiting the scope and underlying principles of the invention in any way. Various modifications of the invention in addition to those shown and described herein will become apparent to those skilled in the art from the following examples and foregoing description. Such modifications are also intended to fall within the scope of the appended claims.

The structures of the compounds prepared in the following examples were additionally confirmed by NMR and mass spectrometry.

Preparation of Intermediates

(a) 2-(5-Chloro-2-thienyl)-5-methyl-4-pyrimidone

2.0 g 5-Chlorothiophene-2-carboxamidine hydrochloride and 1.7 g methyl 2-formylpropionate are added to a 25% solution of potassium methoxide in methanol containing 6.2 g of KOMe. The mixture is stirred for 6 days, then the methanol is evaporated and the residue dissolved in water. Upon addition of hydrochloric acid the product precipitates as a white solid (m.p.>250 C.).

(b) 2-(5-Chloro-2-thienyl)-4-chloro 5-methylpyrimidine

The product of example 1 (1.6 g ) is dispersed in 15 mL POCl3 and the mixture heated to 100 C. for 3 hours, and further stirred at room temperature over night. Careful hydrolysis with water yields a precipitate which is filtered, dissolved in ethyl acetate and washed with water. Drying and evaporation gives 1.65 g product (m.p. 137 C.).

(c) 4-Chloro-6-methoxy-2-(5-trifluoromethyl-2-thienyl)pyrimidine

2.05 g 2-Trifluoromethylthiophene in 20 mL diethylether are treated with 8.2 mL of a 1.6 M solution of n-butyllithium in hexane at -70 C. After 30 minutes the mixture is warmed to -40 C. and added dropwise to a solution of 2,4-dichloro-6-methoxypyrimidine in 20 mL of ether, which is kept at 0 C. The mixture is allowed to reach room temperature, is washed with water and 0.24 g of the product are isolated as an oil after flash chromatography.

(d) 2-Chloro-6-methyl-4-(1-methyl-3-trifluoromethyl-5-pyrazolyloxy)pyrimidine

5 g 2,4-Dichloro-6-methylpyrimidine, 5.3 g 1-methyl-3-trifluoromethyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one, and 6.2 g potassium carbonate in 100 mL dry acetonitrile are refluxed for 2 hours. The mixture is poured into water, extracted with ethyl acetate and chromatographed to give 6.1 g of the title compound (m.p. 65 C.)

The compounds listed in Tables A1 and C1 can be prepared in a similar manner.

The compound in Table B1 can be prepared in a manner similar to the preparation of compounds of formula 1, example 2.

              TABLE A1______________________________________Starting material of formula IIa:1 #STR13##Compound          thiophene bondNo.      R1  at position R3                               m.p.   C.!______________________________________1        6-methoxy             2           5-chloro                               74-752        6-chloro 2           5-chloro                               105-1083        6-methyl 2           5-chloro                               66-684        6-methyl 3           5-chloro                               92-975        5-methyl 2           5-chloro                               1376        6-methoxy             2           5-CF3                               oil______________________________________

              TABLE B1______________________________________Starting material of Formula IIb:2 #STR14##Compound          thiophene bondNo.      R1  at position R3                               m.p.   C.!______________________________________1        4-methyl 2           5-chloro                               52-55______________________________________

              TABLE C1______________________________________Starting material of formula IVa:3 #STR15##Compound          thiophene bondNo.      R1  at position R3                               m.p.   C.!______________________________________1        6-methyl 2           5-chloro                               266-2692        6-hydroxy             2           5-chloro                               >2503        6-methyl 3           5-chloro                               >200______________________________________

Preparation of Compounds of Formula I

EXAMPLE 1 2-(5-Chloro-2-thienyl)-4-chloro-6-(2-chloro-4-pyridyloxy)pyrimidine

0.4 g 2-(5-Chloro-2-thienyl)-4,6-dichloropyrimidine, 0.2 g 2-Chloro-4-hydroxypyridine, and 0.3 g potassium carbonate are refluxed in 30 mL dry acetonitrile for 16 hours. The mixture is poured into water, and the product is extracted with toluene and purified by flash chromatography (0.38 g, m.p. 154-156 C.).

EXAMPLE 2 2-(3-thienyl)-6-methyl-4-(1-methyl-3-trifluoromethyl-5-pyrazolyloxy)-pyrimidine

0.145 g of 1,4-bis(diphenylphosphino)butane and 0.115 g bis(benzonitrile)palladium(II)chloride are refluxed in 10 m toluene under nitrogen for 2 hours. At room temperature 1 g 2-chloro-6-methyl-4-(1-methyl-3-trifluoromethyl-5-pyrazolyloxy)pyrimidine, 0.55 g thiophene-3-boronic acid, 0.8 g sodium hydrogen carbonate, 15 mL water and 20 mL dioxane are added, and the mixture is heated to reflux. After 2 hours another 0.2 g thiophene-3-boronic acid are added, and reflux continued for 1 hour. The organic phase is washed with with water and chromatographed to give 1 g of the title compound (m.p. 122 C.).

The compounds listed in the following tables can be prepared analogously to the examples and the methods described hereinbefore.

                                  TABLE 1__________________________________________________________________________Compounds of formula Ia:4 #STR16##                  thiopheneCompound               bond atNo.   R1      A           position                        R3                            m.p.   C.!__________________________________________________________________________1     6-methoxy      3-CF3 -phenyl                  2     5-chloro                            55-582     6-methoxy      1-CH3 -3-CF3 -pyrazol-5-yl                  2     5-chloro                            133-1363     6-methoxy      2-chloropyrid-4-yl                  2     5-chloro                            158-1614     6-methoxy      1-CH3 -3-CF3 -pyrazol-5-yl                  2     5-CF3                            102-1065     5-methyl      3-CF3 -phenyl                  2     5-chloro                             836     5-methyl      1-CH3 -3-CF3 -pyrazol-5-yl                  2     5-chloro                            1157     5-methyl      2-chloropyrid-4-yl                  2     5-chloro                            1208     6-methyl      3-CF3 -phenyl                  2     5-chloro                            66-689     6-methyl      1-CH3 -3-CF3 -pyrazol-5-yl                  2     5-chloro                            92-9410    6-methyl      2-chloropyrid-4-yl                  2     5-chloro                            132-13511    6-chloro      3-CF3 -phenyl                  2     5-chloro                            oil12    6-chloro      1-CH3 -3-CF3 -pyrazol-5-yl                  2     5-chloro                            114-11713    6-chloro      2-chloropyrid-4-yl                  2     5-chloro                            154-15614    6-chloro      1-CH3 -3-CF3 -pyrazol-5-yl                  2     5-CF315    6-methyl      1-CH3 -3-CF3 -pyrazol-5-yl                  2     5-CF3                            102-10616    6-methyl      1-CH3 -3-CF3 -pyrazol-5-yl                  3     5-chloro                            92-9517    5-methyl      1-CH3 -3-CF3 -pyrazol-5-y                  3     5-chloro18    5-methyl      2-CF3 -pyridylA-yl                  2     5-CF319    6-methyl      2-CF3 -pyridyl-4-yl                  2     5-CF320    6-methoxy      2-CF3 -pyridyl-4-yl                  2     5-CF321    6-methoxy      2-CF3 -pyridyl-4-yl                  2     5-chloro22    5-methyl      2-CHF2 O-pyddylA-yl                  2     5-CF323    6-methyl      2-CHF2 O-pyridyl4-yl                  2     5-CF324    6-methoxy      2-CHF2 O-pyridyl4-yl                  2     5-CF325    6-methoxy      2-CHF2 O-pyridyl4-yl                  2     5-chloro26    6-methoxy      1-CH3 -3-CF3 -pyrazol-5-yl                  3     5-chloro__________________________________________________________________________

                                  TABLE 2__________________________________________________________________________Compounds of formula Ib:5 #STR17##                  thiopheneCompound               bond atNo.   R1      A           position                        R3                            m.p.   C.!__________________________________________________________________________1     4-methyl      3-CF3 -phenyl                  2     5-chloro2     4-methyl      1-CH3 -3-CF3 -pyrazol-5-yl                  2     5-CF33     4-methyl      3-CF3 -phenyl                  2     5-CF34     4-methoxy      1-CH3 -3-CF3 -pyrazol-5-yl                  2     5-CF35     4-methoxy      3-CF3 -phenyl                  2     5-chloro6     4-methoxy      3-CF3 -phenyl                  2     5-CF37     4-methyl      1-CH3 -3-CF3 -pyrazol-5-yl                  2     5-chloro                            96-98__________________________________________________________________________

Pre-emergence Herbicidal Evaluation of Test Compounds

The pre-emergence herbicidal activity of the compounds of the present invention is exemplified by the following test in which the seeds of a variety of monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous plants are separately mixed with potting soil and planted on top of approximately one inch of soil in separate pots. After planting the pots are sprayed with the selected aqueous acetone solution containing test compound in sufficient quantity to provide the equivalent of about 0.025 to 0.4 kg per hectare of test compound per pot. The treated pots are then placed on greenhouse benches, watered and cared for in accordance with conventional greenhouse procedures. At 2 to 4 weeks after treatment, the tests are terminated and each pot is examinated and rated according to the system set forth above.

The herbicidal proficiency of the active ingredients of the present invention is evident from the test results which are recorded in Tables A2, C2 and E below. The compounds of the invention displayed good herbicidal activity against dicotyledonous weed species. They were more selective in maize, soybeans, cereals, rice and other crops. Furthermore, they exhibited excellent activity on Setaria viridis, which in turn is one of the most important monocotyledonous species in maize.

______________________________________Rating System   % Difference in Growth from the check______________________________________0 - No effect    01 - Trace effect           1-52 - Slight effect            6-153 - Moderate effect           16-294 - Injury      30-445 - Definite injury           45-646 - Herbicidal effect           65-797 - Good herbicidal effect           80-908 - Aproaching complete kill           91-999 - Complete kill           100______________________________________

______________________________________TRZAW      Triticum aestivum                      winter wheatHORVW      Hordeum vulgare winter barleyZEAMX      Zea mays        maizeORYSA      Oryza sativum   riceGLYMA      Glycine max     soyabeansGOSHI      Gossypium hirsutum                      cottonBEAVA      Beta vulgaris   sugar beetsBRSNW      Brassica napus  oil seed rapeALOMY      Alopecurus myosuroides                      blackgrassAGRRE      Elytrigia repens                      quackgrassAVEFA      Avena fatua     wild oatsBROTE      Bromus tectorum downy bromeCYPES      Cyperus eslulentus                      yellow nutsedgeECHCG      Echinichloa crus-galli                      barnyardgrassLOLMU      Lolium multiflorum                      ryegrassSETVI      Setaria viridis green foxtailSORHA      Sorghum halapense                      johnsongrassABUTH      Abutilon theophrasti                      velvetlaefAMBEL      Ambrosia artemisiifolia                      ragweedBIDPI      Bidens pilosa   beggarticksGALAP      Galium aparine  cleaverIPOHE      Ipomoea hederacea                      morning gloryLAMPU      Lamium purpureum                      purple deadnettleMATIN      Matricaria inodora                      mayweedPAPRH      Papaver rhoeas  poppyVERPE      Veronica persica                      speedwellSTEME      Stellaria media chickweedCASOB      Senna obtusifolia                      sicklepodEPHHL      Euphorbia heterophylla                      poinsettiaSEBEX      Sesbania exaltata                      hemb sesbania______________________________________

Post-emergence Herbicidal Evaluation of Test Compounds

The post-emergence herbicidal activity of the compounds of the present invention is demonstrated by the following test, wherein a variety of monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous plants are treated with formulations prepared from solutions of the test compounds in acetone containing 0.4% by weight of an alkylphenol/ethylene oxide condensate available under the trade mark TRITON X-155. These acetone solutions were diluted with water and the resulting formulations applied at dosage levels equivalent of about 0.025 to 0.4 kg per hectare of test compound per pot. After spraying the plants are placed on greenhouse benches and are cared for in the usual manner, commensurate with conventional greenhouse practices. At 2 to 4 weeks after treatment, the seedling plants are examinated and rated according to the rating system provided below. A rating 0 indicates growth as untreated check, a rating 9 indicates death. The results of the tests are set out in Tables B2, D and F below. The compounds of the invention showed good performance on monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous weeds and good tolerance in maize and cereals.

The compounds of the invention showed good selectivity in different crops such as wheat, barley, maize, rice, soybeans and cotton. This is shown in Table A2.

                                  TABLE A2__________________________________________________________________________Phytotoxicity-tolerance in various crops - pre-emergence applicationCompound  Dose/ka/ha        TRZAW             HORVW                  ZEAMX                       ORYSA                           GLXMA                                GOSHI                                    BEAVA                                         BRSNW__________________________________________________________________________Tab. 1/no. 1  0.4   0    2    0    0   0    X   X    X  0.1   0    0    0    0   0    0   0    2  0.025 0    0    0    0   0    X   X    XTab. 1/no. 2  0.4   2    4    3    3   3    x   x    x  0.1   2    3    3    2   1    2   2    6  0.025 0    2    1    1   0    X   X    XTab. 1/no. 6  0.4   2    4    4    2   3    x   x    x  0.1   1    2    2    1   2    0   7    7  0.025 0    1    x    0   1    x   x    xTab. 1/no. 5  0.4   2    4    4    1   2    x   x    x  0.1   1    3    1    1   1    0   7    8  0.025 0    1    1    0   0    x   x    xTab. 1/no. 9  0.4   0    2    2    0   2    x   x    x  0.1   0    1    1    0   1    0   5    6  0.025 0    0    0    0   1    x   x    xTab. 1/no. 8  0.4   0    1    1    0   0    x   x    x  0.1   0    0    0    0   0    0   2    3  0.025 0    0    0    0   0    x   x    xTab. 1/no. 12  0.4   0    0    1    1   0    x   x    x  0.1   0    0    0    0   0    0   3    4  0.025 0    0    0    0   0    x   x    xTab. 1/no. 11  0.4   0    0    1    0   0    x   x    x  0.1.  0    0    0    0   0    0   1    2  0.025 0    0    0    0   0    x   x    x__________________________________________________________________________

The compounds of the invention, in particular Tab.1/no.2, Tab.1/no.9, Tab.1/no.8, Tab.1/no.12 and Tab.1/no.11 displayed good selectivity in cereals. At low doses in particular Tab.1/no.1, Tab.1/no.2, Tab.1/no.8 and Tab.1/no.11 showed good tolerance in maize. Excellent rice tolerance was recorded for Tab.1/no.1, Tab.11no.2, Tab.1/no.8, Tab.1/no.12 and Tab.1/no.11.

                                  TABLE B2__________________________________________________________________________Phytotoxicity-tolerance in various crops - post-emergence applicationCompound  Dose/kg/ha         TRZAW              HORVW ZEAMX                         ORYSA                              GOSHI__________________________________________________________________________Tab. 1/no. 1  0.4    2    3     4    2    x  0.1    2    3     2    2    3  00.25  1    2     2    1    xTab. 1/no. 2  0.4    2    3     4    2    x  0.1    0    3     3    2    4  0.025  0    2     2    0    xTab. 1/no. 4  0.4    4    5     4    4    x  0.1    3    5     4    3    4  0.025  1    4     3    1    xTab. 1/no. 6  0.4    2    4     4    3    x  0.1    1    3     4    2    0  0.025  1    2     3    1    xTab. 1/no. 9  0.4    3    4     4    4    x  0.1    2    3     3    2    0  0.025  1    2     3    1    xTab. 1/no. 8  0.4    2    3     3    2    x  0.1    1    2     2    1    0  0.025  1    1     1    0    xTab. 1/no. 12  0.4    2    2     4    1    x  0.1    1    2     3    1    3  0.025  1    1     2    1    xTab. 1/no. 11  0.4    1    2     3    1    x  0.1    1    2     2    1    4  0.025  0    1     2    0    x__________________________________________________________________________

Table C2: The compounds of the invention showed good activity on grasses, particularly on Setaria. Tab.1/no.2 and Tab.1/no.4 were also quite active on Alopecurus.

                                  TABLE C2__________________________________________________________________________Activity on grasses - pre-emergence applicationCompound Dose/ka/ha       ALOMY            AGRRE                AVEFA                    BROTE                        ECHCG                            LOLMU                                 SETVI                                     SORHA__________________________________________________________________________Tab. 1/no. 1 0.4   5    x   x   x   x   x    8   x 0.1   4    0   0   0   x   0    5   1 0.025 2    x   x   x   x   x    4   xTab. 1/no. 2 0.4   9    x   x   x   x   x    9   x 0.1   8    5   4   5   x   5    9   5 0.025 5    x   x   x   x   x    7   xTab. 1/no. 4 0.4   9    x   x   x   x   x    9   x 0.1   8    8   5   8   x   8    9   8 0.025 7    x   x   x   x   x    9   xTab. 1/no. 6 0.4   4    x   x   x   x   x    8   x 0.1   3    5   2   0   1   x    7   7 0.025 2    x   x   x   x   x    3   xTab. 1/no. 5 0.4   8    x   x   x   x   x    9   x 0.1   4    8   4   1   2   x    8   7 0.025 2    x   x   x   x   x    4   xTab. 1/no. 9 0.4   6    x   x   x   x   x    9   x 0.1   2    5   1   0   1   x    8   3 0.025 0    x   x   x   x   x    1   x__________________________________________________________________________

Table D: Performance of Tab.1/no.4, Tab.1/no.6, Tab.1/no.5 and Tab.1/no.9 performance on Setaria and at a dose of 400 g/ha also against Alopecurus.

              TABLE D______________________________________Performance on grasses - post-emergence application   Dose/Compound   kg/ha   ALOMY    AGRRE AVEFA BROTE SETVI______________________________________Tab. 1/no. 4   0.4     8        x     x     x     8   0.1     7        8     9     8     8   0.025   4        x     x     x     5Tab. 1/no. 6   0.4     8        x     x     x     8   0.1     5        5     4     5     8   0.025   3        x     x     x     5Tab. 1/no. 5   0.4     9        x     x     x     9   0.1     7        8     4     6     9   0.025   3        x     x     x     6Tab. 1/no. 9   0.4     8        x     x     x     8   0.1     4        4     3     4     8   0.025   2        x     x     x     5______________________________________

                                  TABLE E__________________________________________________________________________Performance on broad-leaf weeds - pre-emergence application  DoseCompound  kg/ha     ABUTH          AMBEL               GALAP                   IPOHE                       LAMPU                            MATIN                                PAPRH                                    VERPE                                        STEME                                            CASOB__________________________________________________________________________Tab. 1/no. 1  0.4     0    x    0   2   x    5   x   5   x   X  0.1     0    x    0   1   x    4   x   4   x   0  0.025     0    x    0   0   x    1   x   1   x   XTab. 1/no. 2  0.4     3    x    1   7   x    8   x   9   x   X  0.1     2    x    0   5   x    8   x   8   x   8  0.025     1    x    0   3   x    5   x   7   x   XTab. 1/no. 4  0.4     9    x    9   6   9    9   9   9   x   X  0.1     7    x    4   x   8    9   9   9   x   8  0.025     4    x    2   2   6    7   8   8   x   XTab. 1/no. 6  0.4     4    9    3   3   9    9   X   9   9   X  0.1     1    8    2   2   8    8   X   9   9   2  0.025     1    3    0   1   8    X   X   5   4   XTab. 1/no. 5  0.4     6    8    4   5   8    9   X   9   9   X  0.1     2    8    1   2   7    8   X   8   9   1  0.025     1    5    0   1   5    4   X   4   4   XTab. 1/no. 9  0.4     2    9    2   3   9    9   X   9   9   X  0.1     1    4    0   2   7    9   X   9   6   2  0.025     0    2    0   1   2    4   X   1   3   XTab. 1/no. 8  0.4     1    3    0   2   5    7   X   9   5   X  0.1     0    2    0   1   2    4   X   3   2   0  0.025     0    1    0   0   1    2   X   0   2   XTab. 1/no. 12  0.4     0    8    1   2   6    9   6   7   2   X  0.1     0    7    0   1   2    7   0   4   0   0  0.025     0    2    0   0   0    0   0   0   0   X__________________________________________________________________________

The post-emergence activity of various compounds of the invention on broad-leaf weeds is shown in the next Table.

                                  TABLE F__________________________________________________________________________Performance on broad-leaf weeds - post-emergence application DoseCompound kg/ha AMBEL            GALAP                IPOHE                    LAMPU                         MATIN                             PAPRH                                 VERPE                                     STEME                                         CASOB                                             EPHHL__________________________________________________________________________Tab. 1/no. 2 0.4   x    4   4   x    5   x   7   x   x   x 0.1   x    3   3   x    3   x   6   x   5   5 0.025 x    2   3   x    2   x   4   x   x   xTab. 1/no. 4 0.4   x    8   9   8    8   9   9   x   x   x 0.1   x    8   9   8    8   9   9   x   8   9 0.025 x    6   9   8    7   9   8   x   x   xTab. 1/no. 6 0.4   6    x   9   7    6   8   9   7   x   x 0.1   5    4   9   6    4   7   9   5   6   9 0.025 4    x   9   4    3   5   9   3   x   xTab. 1/no. 5 0.4   6    x   9   8    7   8   9   6   x   x 0.1   4    4   8   6    4   8   9   6   5   9 0.025 4    x   5   4    3   6   8   3   x   xTab. 1/no. 9 0.4   5    x   9   6    5   8   9   7   x   x 0.1   4    3   9   4    4   8   9   5   4   9 0.025 3    x   7   2    3   5   7   4   x   xTab. 1/no. 8 0.4   4    x   6   3    4   7   8   3   x   x 0.1   4    2   4   4    2   4   1   x   3   1 0.025 4    x   x   3    x   x   x   2   x   x__________________________________________________________________________
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6310006May 13, 1998Oct 30, 2001American Cyanamid CompanyHerbicidal 3,5-difluoropyridines
US6673745Jan 12, 2001Jan 6, 2004Basf AktiengesellschaftHerbicidal 3,5-difluoropyridines
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Classifications
U.S. Classification514/269, 544/327, 544/328
International ClassificationA01N43/54, A01N43/56, C07D409/04, A01N43/40
Cooperative ClassificationA01N43/40, A01N43/54, C07D409/04, A01N43/56
European ClassificationA01N43/40, A01N43/54, A01N43/56, C07D409/04
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