Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS592533 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 26, 1897
Filing dateApr 7, 1896
Publication numberUS 592533 A, US 592533A, US-A-592533, US592533 A, US592533A
InventorsJohn B. Rogers
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Machine for indelibly marking values on checks
US 592533 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet l.

J. B. ROGERS 8: W. H. HALL. MACHINE FOR INDELIBLY MARKING VALUES 0N CHECKS.

No. 592,533. Patented 001;. 26,1897.

QSMITH @Rds. @ANKERs Illll lllllll TNE uonms warns co. vnoTo-uwa. WASHINGTON. o c

(No Model.) 2 SheetsSheet 2'.

J. B. ROGERS 8n W. H. HALL. MACHINE FOR INDBLIBLY MARKING VALUES 0N CHECKS.

No. 592,533. Patented Oct. 26,1897.

m: uoams vzrzas w. wno oumq. wnsnmcwu. n c.

NITED STATES JOHN B. ROGERS AND WILLIAM I-IAM. HALL, OF SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA.

MACHINE FOR INDELIBLY MARKING VALUES ON CHECKS.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 592,533, dated October 26, 1897.

Application filed April '7, 1896. Serial No. 586,612. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that we, JOHN B. ROGERS and WILLIAM HAM. HALL, citizens of the United States, residing in the city and county of San Francisco, State of California, have invented certain new and Improved Means for Marking Checks, Drafts, and Similar Papers to Protect the Same from Fraudulent Alteration, of which the following is a specification.

The following is a description of our invention, reference being made to the accompanying drawings, forming part of this specification, in which- Figure 1 is an illustration of a check marked by means of our invention. Fig. 2 shows in plan our device, the top case or cover, hammer, and printing mechanism removed. Fig. 3 shows the lower portion of our device in section and the upper portion, with hammer and printing mechanism, in side elevation. Fig. at shows a front elevation of our device, with a portion of the lower case broken out to better show the means for moving the paper forward while being stamped.

Like letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in the different figures.

The object of our invention is to provide a new and simple means for impressing upon the paper of checks, drafts, or similar documents in non-erasable characters the values of said documents.

By means of our invention the fiber of the paper is raised and broken similarly to the results obtained by a high embossing,and while not necessarily puncturing or perforating the paper the process or operation destroys the sizing, and the fiber is so stretched and raised as to present a ragged surface which would rub up or tear if an attempt at erasure were made over it. In addition to this, as a further safeguard and to make the characters stand out boldly, the raised or broken surface is printed or inked. The sizing being destroyed, the ink or color is readily absorbed by the broken fiber virtually penetrating the paper, making erasure or alteration impossible.

Our device, as shown, consists of the circular plate a, carrying the raised characters b, mounted and made fast to a spindle c. which indentures a.

has its lower bearing in the center column of the lower case cl. Directly above the plate a. and made fast thereto through the disk or filler e is a thin spring-metal disk having flexible arms f, in shapesubstantially as shown and provided with perforations through the thickness of the arms f, forming the characters corresponding with the raised characters I) on the plate CL, and so arranged that when the arms f are depressed the perforations therein will close over and closely engage the corresponding raised portions of the characters I).

The disk h, having stamped upon its upper face characters corresponding to and in position bearing fixed relation to those upon plate a and disk f, is made fast to the upper end of the spindle 0, providing a means for rotating the same, together with plate a and disks 6 and f, to bring any desired character into position for use.

On the periphery of the plate at opposite each character or in fixed relation thereto are A spring-lug 2' in the lower case d is so placed as to engage the indentures a as the plate a is rotated and holds the plate in any desired position.

The upper case or cover j, with a column j bored to receive the upper portion of the spindle c, which extends upward through it, carries the hammer-arm j, provided with an indexj for the disk h. The hammer device, consisting of the hammer 7s, rod and cap 70 slides vertically in the hammer-arm j and can be depressed sufficiently to force a perforated character 9 on an arm of the disk f into engagement with its corresponding raised character I) of the plate a. The hammer is returned to and held in normal posi tion by the spiral spring Z. The projection d within the lower case cl provides a solid bearing beneath the hammer for the plate a.

On either side of the hammer k and made fast thereto are drums m. An inked ribbon at wound from'one drum to the other and passing beneath the hammer 7c furnishes an inking-surface for the hammer. Means for automatically moving the ribbon may be provided, but are not shown or specified.

The device for moving the paper forward upon the table-plate 0 consists of the milled rollers p'and cog-Wheels 10, geared together and mounted upon spindles on either side within the front of the lower cased. A

ratchet-wheel p is mounted upon the spindle of one of the cog-wheels pand is rigidly connected with said cog-wheel. The leverq, with the spring-pawl q for engaging the teeth of the ratchet'pais mounted on the same spindle with it and is held in normal or raised position by the spring The .arm 1", fastened to the hammer It, serves to depress the lever g at each downward stroke of the hammer. The pawl q, engaging the teethofthe ratchet p on the return stroke of the ieverq, actuates the wheels 19,19, and p and this motion is transmitted to the corresponding set of wheels 19 and p on the other side of the case by the cog-gear 19 which is constantly in engagement with the cog-wheels p. The length of the'stroke' of the lever q is limited to the length of the slot 01 The carriage s, fastened to the upper case or cover 3' by the spring-arms s, carries the milled rollers 3 which are in engagement with the milled rollers 19, which extend through the table-plate 0, except when the carriage s is raised to allow the insertion of the paper.

Theoperationfor stamping a check or draft is as follows: The carriage sis raised sufficiently to allow the-paper to be inserted between the two sets of milled rollers 19 and s \Vhen the paper is in the proper position upon the table-plate 0, the carriage s'is re-- leased and the paper is held firmlybetween the milled rollers 19 and s Then by t urn-;

ing the disk h until the desired character thereon is opposite the index j the 'corresponding character of the plate a and disk f is broughtinto position beneath the hammer. 7c and held in place by the spring lug Then by a sharp blow of the hand'upon the cap 10 the hammer is driven downward against an arm of the disk f, forcing the perforated character gfthereon into engagement with its corresponding raised characters bon the plate a, thus forcing the paper through to the upper surface of the disk f, which destroys the sizing and stretches and breaks The p'aperthus forced up through the perforations of thejdi'sk'f is brought into contact with the inked ribbon'nthe fiber of the paper.

and is' thereby simultaneously colored or inked. mer, bymeans of the arm r, depresses the lever q When the hammeris released, it is returned to its normal position by the spring.

Z. Thespri'ng g forces the lever q upward to itsfnormal position as the hammer is released, and the spring-pawl g engaging the teeth of the ratchet-wheel p rotates the for another stamping.

The downward stroke of the hamtion beneath the hammer 7c and the operation of stamping is repeated, and so on in like manner until all the desired characters are stamped upon the paper, when it may be removed by raising the carriage 5. Adjustable guide-blocks may be fastened upon the table-plate 0 to insure the proper alinement of impressed characters.

A cam-lever might be used to better advanrage for actuating the hammer. WVe do not limit'ourselves to any special device for this purpose; also, as regards plate a and disk f they may be arranged in several ways, so that the characters of each will stand in proper relation to the, other.

If in handling documents it is found to be a disadvantage to have the characters thereon raised or embossed, as provided for in the device shown and described, thesame object of preventing fraudulent alterations of values would still be accomplished if the embossed characters were ironed down by pressing the papers between rollers or by other equivalent ;means,as the characters would still remain indelibly mfarkedin the mutilated and broken sizing'and fiber of the paper. Means for this resmoothing of the paper might be added to four device, but they would be common and their combinations would add nothing to the value of our invention.

V In addition to impressing upon the paper of checks, drafts, or similar documents char- ?acters to denote the value of said documents, as herein described, the paper of any portion jof the check, draft, -&c., might be so treated by our device as to prevent alteration of the subject matter thereon or addition to or change of the characters indicating value originallyimpressed.

What we claim as our invention isr I 1. Inadevice'for markingchecks,drafts and other papers, the combination of a male die, fa female die corresponding thereto provided with perforations extending through said female die, means for forcing said dies together so that the sizing and fiber of an interposed ipaper will be mutilated or broken and means for inking or coloring the broken fiber of said paper through the perforations of said female die. r

, :2. In a device for marking checks,drafts and other papers, the combination of a series of jmale dies, a series of female dies correspondjing thereto provided with perforations eX- ftending through said female dies, means for 'forcing's'aid dies together so that the sizing p-and fiber of an interposed paper will be mutilated "or broken, and means for inking or coloring the broken fiber of said paper through the perforations of saidfemale dies.

, 3. In a device for marking checks,drafts and other'papers, the combination of a male die, a female die corresponding thereto one of said dies being provided with perforations extending through said die, means for forcing said dies together so that the sizing and fiber IIG broken, and means for inking or coloring the broken fiber of the paper through the perfo rations of the die.

4. In a device for marking checks, drafts, and other papers, the combination of a series of male dies, a series of female dies corresponding thereto one of said series being pro vided with perforations extending through the dies of said series, means for forcing said dies together so that the sizing and fiber of an interposed paper Will be mutilated or broken, and means for inking or coloring the broken fiber of said paper through the perforations of said dies.

5. In a device for marking checks,drafts and other papers, the combination of a male die, a female die corresponding thereto provided with perforations extending through said female die, means for forcing said dies together so that the sizing and fiber of an interposed paper will be mutilated or broken, and means for simultaneously inking or coloring the broken fiber of said paper through the perforations of said female die.

6. In a device for marking checks, drafts, and other papers, the combination of a series of male dies, a series of female dies corresponding thereto provided With perforations extending through said female dies, means for forcing said dies together so that the sizing and fiber of an interposed paper will be mutilated or broken, and means for simultaneously inking or coloring the broken fiber of said paper through the perforations of said female dies.

7. In a device for marking checks, drafts, and other papers, the combination of a male die, a female die corresponding thereto one of said dies being provided with perforations extending through said die, means for forcing said dies together so that the sizing and fiber of an interposed paper will be mutilated or broken, and means for simultaneously inking or coloring the broken fiber of said paper through the perforations of said die.

8. In a device for marking checks, drafts, and other papers, the combination of a series of male dies, a series of female dies corresponding thereto one of said series being provided with perforations extending through the dies of said series means for forcing said dies together so that the sizing and fiber of an interposed paper will be mutilated or broken, and means for simultaneously inking or 001- oring the broken fiber of said paper through the perforations of said dies.

JOHN B. ROGERS. \VM. HAM. HALL. Witnesses to signature of John B. Rogers:

N. E. W. SMITH, WM. M. FITZHUGH. \Vitnesses to signature of YVm. Ham. I-Iall:

RoBT. MoDoWELL, O. J. SMITH.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3129660 *Mar 22, 1961Apr 21, 1964Miller John JPortable imprinting device
US4749213 *Nov 4, 1985Jun 7, 1988The Standard Register Co.Secure financial instrument
US5291243 *Feb 5, 1993Mar 1, 1994Xerox CorporationSystem for electronically printing plural-color tamper-resistant documents
US7104709Jun 23, 2004Sep 12, 2006Rosetta Technologies CorporationDocument printing process
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationB41K3/08