|Publication number||US5951598 A|
|Application number||US 08/782,990|
|Publication date||Sep 14, 1999|
|Filing date||Jan 14, 1997|
|Priority date||Jan 14, 1997|
|Publication number||08782990, 782990, US 5951598 A, US 5951598A, US-A-5951598, US5951598 A, US5951598A|
|Inventors||Jon M. Bishay, Kent W. Leyde, John F. Harris|
|Original Assignee||Heartstream, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (17), Non-Patent Citations (33), Referenced by (86), Classifications (10), Legal Events (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. Field of the Invention
This invention relates generally to medical electrode systems and, in particular, to a defibrillator electrode system for use with an automatic or semi-automatic external defibrillator (AED).
2. Description of the Prior Art
One frequent consequence of heart attacks is the development of cardiac arrest associated with heart arrhythmias, such as ventricular fibrillation. This abnormal heart rhythm is caused by an abnormal and very fast electrical activity in the heart. During ventricular fibrillation the heart cannot pump blood effectively. Ventricular fibrillation may be treated by applying an electric shock to the patient's heart through the use of a defibrillator. Defibrillation clears the heart of the abnormal electrical activity and allow the heart's natural pacemaker areas to restore normal function. Because blood is no longer pumping effectively during ventricular fibrillation, the chances of surviving a heart attack decreases with time after the attack. Quick response to a heart attack by administering a defibrillating shock as soon as possible after the onset of ventricular fibrillation is therefore often critically important.
Increasing the number of potential defibrillator operators who are trained on the proper use of an external defibrillator increases the likelihood that a trained defibrillator operator will be available during an emergency and thus could ultimately reduce the defibrillator deployment time. As the number of potential operators increases, however, the frequency with which each operator uses the skills developed during training decreases. Depending upon the amount of time since the defibrillator operator last used a defibrillator, review of electrode placement instructions will likely be required to determine correct placement of the electrode pads since failure to apply the electrode pads correctly can reduce the amount of energy that is applied to the heart and may result in a failure of the defibrillation shock. Such a review, while necessary, delays the speed with which defibrillation can be performed on the patient. With every second that passes, the likelihood of successfully restoring the patient's heart to a normal sinus rhythm decreases. Therefore, every step in the deployment and use of a defibrillator that can be streamlined is critical.
One time saving gain has been the development of electrode pads which eliminate the step of attaching the electrode pads to the cable, and, for the most part, eliminate the need to untangle the cable. An example of such an electrode system is described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,466,244 for "Defibrillator Electrode System" by Morgan. Other electrode pads have also been developed that attempt to decrease the amount of time a defibrillator operator spends deploying the electrode pads.
R2 Medical Systems has developed a multi-function electrode system, R2® PADS™, that features two circular electrode pads. Each electrode pad has its own release liner. One electrode pad, approximately 12.5 cm in diameter, is attached to a blue lead line that is integral with the defibrillator connector. A blue label with white writing on this electrode pad reads: ##EQU1## The second electrode pad, that is noticeably larger at approximately 17 cm in diameter, is attached to a white lead line which is also integral with the same connector. A white label with blue writing on the electrode pad reads: ##EQU2## A more detailed description of the electrode pad system can be found in U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,483,103, 4,852,858, 4,895,169, 4,419,998 and 4,653,503 (Heath). The size differences, lead line coloration, and markings would not assist a defibrillator operator with the correct placement of the electrode pads in an emergency situation, particularly if the operator had not been recently trained or recently used an AED. It is likely that a defibrillator operator would need to return to the packaging to determine how to properly place the electrode pads, taking up precious additional time.
Physio-Control Corporation has developed yet another approach, the QUIK-COMBO™ electrode system also featuring two electrode pads. Both electrode pads are the same size and attached to black lead lines that are integral with a defibrillator connector. Each electrode pad also has its own separate release liner. The first electrode pad has a first label identifying the electrode pad as a QUIK-COMBO™ electrode with a second label imprinted with a red heart attached to the electrode pad where the lead wire from the connector attaches to the electrode pad. The second electrode pad has a first label with a picture depicting the placement of the electrode pads, showing an image of human torso with one electrode pad with a red heart on the lower left side of a torso, and an image of a second electrode pad with no such marking on the upper right. The second electrode pad also has a second label with no markings covering the area where the lead wire from the connector attaches to the electrode pad. The packaging for the electrode pads shows two alternate placement strategies, but warns that the second placement strategy should not be used with AEDs. Failure to either be familiar with the electrode pad system, or to closely read the packaging could result in an incorrect placement of the electrode pads.
Zoll Medical Corporation has developed the STAT PADZ™ multi-function electrode system again featuring two electrode pads. The Zoll electrode pads are each attached to lead wires that are integral with the defibrillator connector. Each electrode pad is attached to a sheet of plastic that is adhered to the interior surface of the product's packaging such that when the packaging is correctly opened along its three seams, the pads will lie exposed on what had been the interior surface of the packaging. When the packaging is sealed after manufacturing for shipping, the upper surfaces of each electrode pad are in contact until the packaging is finally opened. The lower (adhesive) surface of the electrode pads, are, as described above, attached to the plastic liner, which in turn is securely adhered to the interior surface of the product's packaging. The electrode pads are oriented on the interior surface of the packaging so that one lead line is oriented toward the top opening of the packaging while the other lead line is oriented toward the sealed bottom of the packaging. This orientation of the electrode pads results in top-to-bottom orientation of the electrodes and the labeling (described below) once the packaging is opened.
The Zoll first electrode pad is round with two labels. The first label identifies the electrode pad as a "Zoll STAT PADZ". The second label on the first electrode pad depicts the front of a human torso with a round electrode on the lower left side of the ribs. Additionally, the wording on the label indicates "FRONT (Apex) PACE/DEFIB". The second electrode pad is square and also features two labels. Again, the first label on the second electrode pad identifies the electrode pad as a "Zoll STAT PADZ". The second label on the second electrode pad depicts of the back of a human torso with a square electrode on the left side of the spine covering a portion of the shoulder. Additionally the label includes the wording "BACK PACE/DEFIB". The packaging pictures a front torso and a rear torso with the electrode pads positioned thereon.
Cardiotronics has taken another approach with their MULTI-PADS™ electrode pad product. The Cardiotronics electrode pads are the same size, and each is attached to a lead wire that is integral with a defibrillator connector. One electrode pad is labeled "RA" and the second electrode is labeled "APEX". A picture on the packaging shows the correct placement of the "RA" and "APEX" electrode pads. A more detailed explanation of the Cardiotronics electrode pads is found in U.S. Pat. No. 5,080,099 (Way et al.).
U.S. Pat. No. 5,330,526 (Fincke et al.) describes a combined defibrillation and pacing electrode that features a round electrode pad for placement on the chest area of a patient's thorax, and a second rectangular electrode pad for alignment with the spine on the back are of the patient's thorax. According to Fincke et al., the shapes allow for easy placement of the electrode pads in their respective sites on the patient's thorax.
What is needed is a quick and easy to use electrode system which clearly shows the defibrillator operator how to correctly place the electrode pads on a patient without requiring a review of the packaging. What is also needed is a way of marking the electrode pads so that the correct placement of each electrode pad is clear without requiring review of the second electrode pad or requiring extensive familiarity with the particular electrode brand. Ideally, what is needed is an electrode system that will enable an AED operator to deploy and the electrode pads correctly in a minimum amount of time, regardless of how often the operator is called upon to use his or her AED training.
This invention provides a medical electrode system comprising two electrode pads. Each electrode pad has a flexible substrate with an adhesive surface; a conductor disposed on the substrate; and an electrode disposed on the substrate and electrically connected to the conductor. The electrode pads are each imprinted to show the proper placement of the electrode pads. Additionally, the medical electrode system may have the electrode pads adhered to a single removable releasing surface. The removable releasing surface may have a fold-line along a center axis between the two electrode pads, or alternatively may have perforations along the center axis allowing the releasing surface to be folded. Ideally, the imprinting on each electrode pad can be interpreted by an AED operator without reviewing the imprinting of the companion electrode pad.
Alternatively, this invention provides a medical electrode system comprising first and second electrode pads, each of the first and second electrode pads further comprise a first surface adapted to be placed on a patient and a second surface adapted to be visible when the first surface is placed on a patient. The second surface of the first electrode pad comprises an image of at least a portion of a human body and an image of the first electrode pad on the image of at least a portion of a human body, the second surface of the second electrode pad comprises an image of at least a portion of a human body and an image of the second electrode pad on the image of at least a portion of a human body. Alternatively, the second surface of the first electrode pad may comprise an image of the second electrode pad on the image of at least a portion of the human body. In another alternative, the second surface of the first electrode pad may further comprise an image of an arrow adjacent the image of the first electrode pad. Additionally, the second surface of the second electrode pad may further comprise an image of an arrow adjacent the image of the second electrode.
FIG. 1 is a top elevational view of the electrode system according to a preferred embodiment of this invention.
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional side view of an electrode.
FIG. 1. shows an electrode system according to a preferred embodiment of this invention. As shown in FIG. 1, the electrode system 10 has a pair of electrode pads 12, 12' attached to a releasing surface 14 on opposing sides of a fold or perforated line 20. In this embodiment, the releasing surface 14 is typically manufactured from a non-stick liner. Suitable liners include, for example, a silicone coated polypropylene impregnated release liner. In the embodiment depicted in FIG. 1, the electrodes pads 12, 12' are oriented on the releasing surface 14 so that the lead lines 16, 16' pass from the releasing surface 14 on the same side (in this case the bottom).
FIG. 2 shows a cross-sectional side view of one of the electrode pads. In this embodiment, the electrode pads 12, 12', are formed of a flexible foam backing 102, each have an electrode disk 104, such as a piece of metal foil, attached to the lower surface of the flexible foam backing 102 with medical grade adhesive. Suitable metal foil would be, for example, 2 mil Tin. The electrode disks 104 are electrically connected to a lead wire 16 between the foam backing layer 102 and the electrode disk 104 on the upper surface of the electrode disk 104. The lower surface of the electrode disk 104 is covered with a layer of conductive gel 106. A suitable conductive gel 106 would be, for example, an RG 63T hydrogel. Additionally, the lead wire 16 may be attached to a ring terminal 108 prior to attaching to the electrode disk 104. Further a washer 110 may be provided between the ring terminal 108 and the electrode disk 104 to improve the electrical connection. Finally an insulating disk 112 may be provided between the electrode disk 104 and the washer 110.
An additional piece of flexible foam 18, 18' may be further provided at the location where the electrical connection 16, 16' attaches to electrode pad.
The conductive gel layer 106 of the electrode pad 12 attached to the silicone coated side of the releasing surface 14. Additionally, a piece of separating tape 114 may be provided to ensure the easy removal of the electrode pad 12 from the releasing surface 14 without damaging the lead wire assembly.
Referring back to FIG. 1, each electrode further comprises an image of at least a portion of a human body 22, 22', typically the human torso. This image may also include, for example, a depiction of the head and face. The image of the human body 22, 22' including the head and face may, for example, be viewed as an anatomical diagram (or 2 dimensional depiction) as shown in FIG. 1. Alternatively, the image of the human body 22, 22' may be a rendered view (or 3 dimensional depiction) of the human torso.
By printing the imaging directly on the electrode pad 12, 12' the maximum conformability of the flexible foam backing 102 is maintained. Maximizing the conformability of the foam backing 102 is desirable because it results in the electrode pad 12, 12' forming a better connection with the patient's skin.
The image of the human body 22, 22' may include a depiction of the rib line 24, 24', the clavicle bone (or collar bone) 26, 26', or the definition of the pectoral muscles 28, 28'. In the preferred embodiment shown in FIG. 1, the depictions of each of the rib line 24, 24', the clavicle bone 26, 26' and the pectoral muscle 28, 28' are provided to aid the operator in quickly understanding that he or she should position the electrode pads on the front of the torso of the patient. Additionally, the image of the human body 22, 22' appears as the mirror image of the defibrillator operator, which corresponds to the positioning of the patient when the electrode pads are applied by the operator during treatment.
Where a rendered image of the human body 22, 22' is used, the human torso may provide more anatomical detail. The rendered depiction may also be viewed so that the left axial line of the patient is evident in order to better depict the correct electrode pad placement on the lower left base of the ribs toward the axial line.
A further image on the electrode pads 12, 12' may be provided that shows the lead line image 30, 30' (which corresponds to 16, 16' of the actual electrode pads) from the defibrillator connector attached two electrode pad images 32, 32' 34, 34' (which correspond to 12, 12' of the actual electrode pads). The first electrode pad image 32, 32' may, for example, be depicted as being attached to the right aspect of the clavicle; the second electrode pad image 34, 34' would then be shown attached to the lower left base of the ribs below the breast.
To assist an operator in determining how to properly attach the electrode pads 12, 12', the image may also provide, for example, a circle 36, 36' around the electrode pad image which corresponds to the correct anatomical placement of the electrode pad. the circle 26, 26' may be formed from a solid line or a dashed line. Alternatively, an arrow 38, 38' may be provided that points to correct anatomical placement for that electrode pad. In a preferred embodiment, the image uses a combination of a dashed circle 36, 36' and the arrow 38, 38' as shown in FIG. 1. Additionally, portions of the image may appear in an alternate color, such as red, or may be bolded, to enhance the operator's ability to quickly asses the correct location for the electrode pad. It is contemplated that a combination of color usage and bolding may be employed to enhance the readability of the images.
In an alternative embodiment, the images of the human body 22, 22', rib line 24, 24', clavicle bone 26, 26', pectoral muscles 28, 28', lead line 30, 30', electrode pads 32, 32', 34, 34', circle 36, 36', or arrow 38, 38' described above may applied to a suitable substrate which is then applied to the non-adhesive surface of the electrode pad 12, 12'. Such a suitable substrate would be, for example, a label with a single adhesive side. Other suitable substrates for transferring the images to the electrode pad surfaces would also be appropriate.
As shown in FIG. 1, electrode pad 12 includes the image of a portion of the human body 22, which includes a depiction of the rib line 24, the clavicle bone 26 and definition of the pectoral muscles 28. The electrode lead lines 30 are depicted attached to an electrode pad 32 at the right aspect of the clavicle and another electrode pad 34 at the lower left base of the ribs. A dashed circle 36 appears around the electrode pad 34 located at the lower left base of the ribs. Additionally, a large arrow 38 points to the same electrode pad 34, clearly indicating that electrode pad 12 corresponds to the electrode pad that should be positioned at the lower left base of the ribs.
Also shown in FIG. 1 is electrode pad 12', which includes the image depicting a portion of the human body 22', showing a depiction of the rib line 24', the clavicle bone 26' and definition of the pectoral muscles 28'. The electrode lead lines 30' are depicted attached to an electrode pad 32' at the right aspect of the clavicle and another electrode pad 34' at the lower left base of the ribs. A dashed circle 36' appears around the electrode pad 32' located at the right aspect of the clavicle. Additionally, a large arrow 38' points to the same electrode pad 32', clearly indicating that electrode pad 12' corresponds to the electrode pad that should be positioned at the right aspect of the clavicle.
In the preferred embodiment, the images on the electrode pads 12, 12' are oriented left-to-left and right-to-right. Therefore, when the operator removes the electrode pads from the packaging, the electrode pad 12 on the right side of the releasing liner 14 corresponds to the right side of the patient as the operator faces the patient (which is the patient's left side); the electrode pad 12' on the left side of the releasing liner 14 has an image corresponding to the left side of the patient as the operator faces the patient (which is the patient's right side). It would therefore be possible for an operator to lie the release liner flat on the patient's stomach and quickly see the orientation of the patient to the electrode pads 12, 12'. Additionally, the operator could apply the electrode pads 12, 12' to the patient's chest without, for example, having to apply electrode pad 12 to the upper right aspect of the clavicle (thus taking it from the right hand side of the releasing liner 14, crossing over the patient's torso and applying it to the upper right aspect of the clavicle) or having to apply electrode pad 12' to the lower left base of the ribs.
When the electrode pads 12, 12' are deployed and the operator removes the electrode pads 12, 12' from the packaging, the surface markings on the electrode pads 12, 12' will be visible to the operator once he or she unfolds the release liner 14. The operator can then remove either electrode pad 12, 12' and correctly apply it to the torso of the patient without having to review the second electrode pad, review the packaging, or review other materials that might be located with the defibrillator.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4419998 *||Aug 8, 1980||Dec 13, 1983||R2 Corporation||Physiological electrode systems|
|US4483103 *||Mar 4, 1980||Nov 20, 1984||Maag Gear-Wheel & Machine Company Limited||Dressing apparatus for a dished grinding wheel at a tooth flank-grinding machine|
|US4610254 *||Mar 8, 1984||Sep 9, 1986||Physio-Control Corporation||Interactive portable defibrillator|
|US4653503 *||Nov 23, 1983||Mar 31, 1987||R2 Corporation||Physiological electrodes for use with magnetic connector|
|US4681112 *||Oct 1, 1986||Jul 21, 1987||Physio-Control Corporation||Medical instrument including electrodes adapted for right and left-handed use|
|US4852585 *||Feb 9, 1988||Aug 1, 1989||Darox Corporation||Tin-stannous chloride electrode element|
|US4895169 *||Feb 9, 1988||Jan 23, 1990||Darox Corporation||Disposable non-invasive stimulating electrode set|
|US4955381 *||Aug 26, 1988||Sep 11, 1990||Cardiotronics, Inc.||Multi-pad, multi-function electrode|
|US4979517 *||Mar 19, 1990||Dec 25, 1990||Physio-Control Corporation||Disposable stimulation electrode with long shelf life and improved current density profile|
|US5080099 *||Aug 29, 1990||Jan 14, 1992||Cardiotronics, Inc.||Multi-pad, multi-function electrode|
|US5137458 *||Jan 11, 1991||Aug 11, 1992||Physio-Control Corporation||Electrode placement training system|
|US5330526 *||May 1, 1992||Jul 19, 1994||Zmd Corporation||Combined defibrillation and pacing electrode|
|US5352315 *||Nov 5, 1993||Oct 4, 1994||Ludlow Corporation||Biomedical electrode|
|US5456710 *||Jun 30, 1994||Oct 10, 1995||Physio-Control Corporation||Vented electrode|
|US5466244 *||May 18, 1993||Nov 14, 1995||Heartstream, Inc.||Defibrillator electrode system|
|US5571165 *||Dec 8, 1995||Nov 5, 1996||Ferrari; R. Keith||X-ray transmissive transcutaneous stimulating electrode|
|US5785043 *||May 16, 1996||Jul 28, 1998||Heartstream, Inc.||Method of creating a report showing the time correlation between recorded medical events|
|1||"Public Access Defibrillator II--Top abstract shows that public can use AED" Currents in Emergency Cardiac Care, American Heart Assn. (Summer 1997).|
|2||*||Cardiotronics Multi Pads .|
|4||Cummins et al. "Automatic External Defibrillators Used by Emergency Medical Technicians" JAMA 257(12): 1605-1610 (1987).|
|5||Cummins et al. "Training Lay Persons to Use Automatic External Defibrillators: Success of Initial Training and One-Year Retention of Skills" Am. J. Emerg. Med. 7(2):143-149 (1989).|
|6||*||Cummins et al. Automatic External Defibrillators Used by Emergency Medical Technicians JAMA 257(12): 1605 1610 (1987).|
|7||*||Cummins et al. Training Lay Persons to Use Automatic External Defibrillators: Success of Initial Training and One Year Retention of Skills Am. J. Emerg. Med. 7(2):143 149 (1989).|
|8||*||Fast Patch , Physio Control Disposable Defibrillation/ECG Electrodes.|
|9||Fast-Patch®, Physio-Control Disposable Defibrillation/ECG Electrodes.|
|10||*||Laerdal Medical Heartstart electrodes.|
|11||Laerdal Medical Heartstart® electrodes.|
|12||*||MediTrace 1110L, Graphic Controls Corp. Combination Defibrillation and ECG Electrode (packaging).|
|13||*||MediTrace 1210H, Graphic Controls Corp. Combination Defibrillation, Pacing and ECG Electrode (packaging).|
|14||MediTrace® 1110L, Graphic Controls Corp. Combination Defibrillation and ECG Electrode (packaging).|
|15||MediTrace® 1210H, Graphic Controls Corp. Combination Defibrillation, Pacing and ECG Electrode (packaging).|
|16||*||Physio Control Quik Combo electrode pads.|
|17||Physio Control Quik-Combo™ electrode pads.|
|18||Poole et al. "Low-Energy Impedance-Compensating Biphasic Waveforms Terminate Ventricular Fibrillation at High Rates in Victims of Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest" J. Cardiovascular Electrophys. 8(12):1373-1385 (1997).|
|19||*||Poole et al. Low Energy Impedance Compensating Biphasic Waveforms Terminate Ventricular Fibrillation at High Rates in Victims of Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrest J. Cardiovascular Electrophys. 8(12):1373 1385 (1997).|
|20||Printed internet page www.contourmedical.com/new.html disclosing "Quantum Edge" defibrillators, Dec. 1996.|
|21||*||Printed internet page www.contourmedical.com/new.html disclosing Quantum Edge defibrillators, Dec. 1996.|
|22||*||Public Access Defibrillator II Top abstract shows that public can use AED Currents in Emergency Cardiac Care, American Heart Assn. (Summer 1997).|
|23||*||Quantum Edge System electrode pads.|
|24||Quantum™ Edge System electrode pads.|
|25||*||Quik Combo , Physio Control Disposable Pacing/Defibrillation/ECG Electrodes with Redi Pak .|
|26||Quik-Combo™, Physio-Control Disposable Pacing/Defibrillation/ECG Electrodes with Redi-Pak™.|
|27||*||R2 Medical System electrode pads.|
|28||Specification page for Zoll Medical Corporation product "Stat Padz", Mar. 1995.|
|29||*||Specification page for Zoll Medical Corporation product Stat Padz , Mar. 1995.|
|30||Weaver et al. "Influence of External Defibrillator Electrode Polarity on Cardiac Resuscitation" PACE 16:285-290 (1993).|
|31||*||Weaver et al. Influence of External Defibrillator Electrode Polarity on Cardiac Resuscitation PACE 16:285 290 (1993).|
|32||*||Zoll Medical Corporation stat padz .|
|33||Zoll Medical Corporation stat•padz™.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US6178357 *||Aug 28, 1998||Jan 23, 2001||Agilent Technologies, Inc.||Electrode pad system and defibrillator electrode pad that reduces the risk of peripheral shock|
|US6346014||May 1, 2000||Feb 12, 2002||Hans Patrick Griesser||Medical connector system and method of use|
|US6350160||Sep 20, 2000||Feb 26, 2002||Robert Feuersanger||Medical connector system and method of use|
|US6351671 *||Dec 13, 1999||Feb 26, 2002||Laerdal Medical As||System for measuring and analyzing cardio-pulmonary-resuscitation (CPR) parameters for use with and by an external defibrillator (AED) or a training defibrillator|
|US6360119 *||Dec 18, 2000||Mar 19, 2002||Lauri E. Roberts||Electrode placement device for taking electrocardiograms and method of use|
|US6453186||Apr 13, 2001||Sep 17, 2002||Ge Medical Systems Information Technologies, Inc.||Electrocardiogram electrode patch|
|US6556864||Nov 13, 2000||Apr 29, 2003||Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.||Object activated defibrillator|
|US6560485 *||Mar 27, 2001||May 6, 2003||Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.||Four contact identification defibrillator electrode system|
|US6575914||May 18, 2001||Jun 10, 2003||Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.||Integrated cardiac resuscitation system with ability to detect perfusion|
|US6675051 *||Dec 22, 2000||Jan 6, 2004||Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.||See-through electrode-pad package and method for using a storage system that includes the package|
|US6748256 *||Feb 12, 2002||Jun 8, 2004||Ge Medical Systems Information Technologies, Inc.||Physiological-signal-analysis device having a plurality of electrode leads|
|US6772026||Oct 5, 2001||Aug 3, 2004||Therics, Inc.||System and method for rapidly customizing design, manufacture and/or selection of biomedical devices|
|US6912425 *||Apr 26, 2002||Jun 28, 2005||Medtronic Physio-Control Manufacturing Corp.||Therapy and monitoring electrodes with patient accommodating features and electrode sensing|
|US7027864 *||Apr 17, 2002||Apr 11, 2006||Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.||Defibrillation system and method designed for rapid attachment|
|US7069074||Nov 7, 2001||Jun 27, 2006||Medtronic Emergency Response Systems, Inc.||Easy-to-use electrode and package|
|US7668604||Jun 16, 2004||Feb 23, 2010||Conmed Corporation||Packaging for medical pads and electrodes|
|US7689278||Sep 7, 2004||Mar 30, 2010||Koninklijke Philips Electronics, N.V.||Identification system for defibrillator electrode package|
|US7797044||May 5, 2006||Sep 14, 2010||Physio-Control, Inc.||Easy-to-use electrode and package|
|US7822488||Mar 16, 2005||Oct 26, 2010||Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.||Self-storing medical electrodes|
|US8209022||Nov 16, 2006||Jun 26, 2012||Bioness Neuromodulation Ltd.||Gait modulation system and method|
|US8209036||Jun 26, 2012||Bioness Neuromodulation Ltd.||Orthosis for a gait modulation system|
|US8260438||Apr 27, 2007||Sep 4, 2012||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Electrode pad packaging systems and methods|
|US8277223 *||Jan 31, 2005||Oct 2, 2012||Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.||External defibrillator training apparatus and method|
|US8594812||Jul 27, 2012||Nov 26, 2013||Covidien Lp||Electrode pad packaging systems and methods|
|US8597217||Dec 30, 2010||Dec 3, 2013||Coolsystems, Inc.||Reinforced therapeutic wrap and method|
|US8613708||Jul 26, 2011||Dec 24, 2013||Cardiac Science Corporation||Ambulatory electrocardiographic monitor with jumpered sensing electrode|
|US8613709||Jul 26, 2011||Dec 24, 2013||Cardiac Science Corporation||Ambulatory electrocardiographic monitor for providing ease of use in women|
|US8626277||Aug 6, 2012||Jan 7, 2014||Cardiac Science Corporation||Computer-implemented electrocardiographic data processor with time stamp correlation|
|US8694110||Jun 25, 2012||Apr 8, 2014||Bioness Neuromodulation Ltd.||Orthosis for gait modulation|
|US8715330||Oct 22, 2010||May 6, 2014||Coolsystems, Inc.||Temperature and flow control methods in a thermal therapy device|
|US8784336||Aug 23, 2006||Jul 22, 2014||C. R. Bard, Inc.||Stylet apparatuses and methods of manufacture|
|US8788049||May 1, 2007||Jul 22, 2014||Bioness Neuromodulation Ltd.||Functional electrical stimulation systems|
|US8849382 *||Sep 10, 2009||Sep 30, 2014||C. R. Bard, Inc.||Apparatus and display methods relating to intravascular placement of a catheter|
|US8858455||Aug 16, 2013||Oct 14, 2014||Bard Access Systems, Inc.||Method of locating the tip of a central venous catheter|
|US8868217||Jun 27, 2011||Oct 21, 2014||Bioness Neuromodulation Ltd.||Electrode for muscle stimulation|
|US8938287||Jan 7, 2014||Jan 20, 2015||Cardiac Science Corporation||Computer-implemented electrocardiograhic data processor with time stamp correlation|
|US8942800||Nov 7, 2012||Jan 27, 2015||Cardiac Science Corporation||Corrective prompting system for appropriate chest compressions|
|US8948885||Nov 3, 2008||Feb 3, 2015||Koninklijke Philips N.V.||Repositionable electrode and systems and methods for identifying electrode position for cardiotherapy|
|US8972017||Jun 25, 2012||Mar 3, 2015||Bioness Neuromodulation Ltd.||Gait modulation system and method|
|US9026230||Nov 25, 2013||May 5, 2015||Covidien Lp||Electrode pad packaging systems and methods|
|US9037477||Oct 8, 2010||May 19, 2015||Cardiac Science Corporation||Computer-implemented system and method for evaluating ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring of cardiac rhythm disorders|
|US9095417||Feb 7, 2011||Aug 4, 2015||Bioness Neuromodulation Ltd.||Adjustable orthosis for electrical stimulation of a limb|
|US9125578||Feb 2, 2011||Sep 8, 2015||Bard Access Systems, Inc.||Apparatus and method for catheter navigation and tip location|
|US9138573 *||Mar 8, 2007||Sep 22, 2015||Zoll Medical Corporation||External defibrillators,transcutaneous electrodes for same, and methods of use|
|US9265443||May 5, 2014||Feb 23, 2016||Bard Access Systems, Inc.||Method of locating the tip of a central venous catheter|
|US9314610||Jun 28, 2010||Apr 19, 2016||Zoll Medical Corporation||Defibrillation electrodes|
|US9339206||Jun 14, 2010||May 17, 2016||Bard Access Systems, Inc.||Adaptor for endovascular electrocardiography|
|US9345414||Jan 15, 2016||May 24, 2016||Bardy Diagnostics, Inc.||Method for providing dynamic gain over electrocardiographic data with the aid of a digital computer|
|US9345422||Oct 3, 2014||May 24, 2016||Bard Acess Systems, Inc.||Method of locating the tip of a central venous catheter|
|US9364155||Nov 15, 2013||Jun 14, 2016||Bardy Diagnostics, Inc.||Self-contained personal air flow sensing monitor|
|US20030153840 *||Feb 12, 2002||Aug 14, 2003||Brodnick Donald E.||Physiological-signal-analysis device having a plurality of electrode leads|
|US20030171798 *||Apr 26, 2002||Sep 11, 2003||Medtronic Physio-Control Manufacturing Corp.||Therapy and monitoring electrodes with patient accommodating features and electrode sensing|
|US20030199929 *||Apr 17, 2002||Oct 23, 2003||Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.||Defibrillation system and method designed for rapid attachment|
|US20040162586 *||Apr 25, 2003||Aug 19, 2004||Covey Kevin K.||Defibrillator electrodes with identification tags|
|US20040243481 *||Jul 1, 2004||Dec 2, 2004||Therics, Inc.||System and method for rapidly customizing design, manufacture and/or selection of biomedical devices|
|US20050283219 *||Jun 16, 2004||Dec 22, 2005||O'connor Rose M||Packaging for medical pads and electrodes|
|US20060206152 *||May 5, 2006||Sep 14, 2006||Medtronic Emergency Response Systems, Inc.||Easy-to-use electrode and package|
|US20070112389 *||Sep 7, 2004||May 17, 2007||Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.||Identification system for defibrillator electrode package|
|US20070255380 *||Apr 27, 2007||Nov 1, 2007||Peter Meyer||Electrode pad packaging systems and methods|
|US20070255381 *||Apr 27, 2007||Nov 1, 2007||Peter Meyer||Electrode pad packaging systems and methods|
|US20070255382 *||Apr 27, 2007||Nov 1, 2007||Peter Meyer||Electrode pad packaging systems and methods|
|US20080068773 *||Sep 10, 2007||Mar 20, 2008||Earth Fx, Inc.||Personal body grounding systems to reduce and prevent inflammation|
|US20080154113 *||Jun 12, 2007||Jun 26, 2008||Yitzhak Zilberman||Apparatus and method for positioning electrodes on the body|
|US20080221631 *||Mar 8, 2007||Sep 11, 2008||Conduct Prosecution||External Defibrillators,Transcutaneous Electrodes for Same, and Methods of Use|
|US20090029332 *||Jan 31, 2005||Jan 29, 2009||Koninklijke Philips Electronics, N.V.||External defibrillator training apparatus and method|
|US20090069865 *||May 1, 2007||Mar 12, 2009||Eyal Lasko||Functional electrical stimulation systems|
|US20090177073 *||Jun 22, 2006||Jul 9, 2009||Finn Albert Sonnenborg||Electrode and a Method for Determining Electrical Biopotentials|
|US20100036227 *||Feb 11, 2010||C. R. Bard, Inc.||Apparatus and display methods relating to intravascular placement of a catheter|
|US20100063558 *||May 5, 2006||Mar 11, 2010||Medtronic Emergency Response Systems, Inc.||Easy-to-use electrode and package|
|US20100234909 *||Nov 3, 2008||Sep 16, 2010||Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.||Repositionable Electrode and Systems and Methods for Identifying Electrode Position for Cardiotherapy|
|US20110071611 *||Mar 24, 2011||Pisit Khuon||Defibrillation Electrodes|
|US20110098793 *||Apr 28, 2011||Lowe Mark H||Temperature and flow control methods in a thermal therapy device|
|US20110152968 *||Jun 23, 2011||Bioness Neuromodulation Ltd.||Orthosis for a gait modulation system|
|US20140170622 *||Sep 11, 2013||Jun 19, 2014||John J. Pastrick||Training Pad Connector|
|USD717955||Nov 7, 2013||Nov 18, 2014||Bardy Diagnostics, Inc.||Electrocardiography monitor|
|USD744659||Nov 7, 2013||Dec 1, 2015||Bardy Diagnostics, Inc.||Extended wear electrode patch|
|CN1859946B||Sep 7, 2004||Jun 16, 2010||皇家飞利浦电子股份有限公司||Identification system for defibrillator electrode package|
|CN1933870B||Mar 16, 2005||Jun 23, 2010||皇家飞利浦电子股份有限公司||Self-storing medical electrodes|
|EP1251908A1 *||Feb 5, 2001||Oct 30, 2002||Zmd Corporation||Integrated resuscitation|
|EP1251908A4 *||Feb 5, 2001||Apr 9, 2008||Zoll Medical Corp||Integrated resuscitation|
|EP1263496A1 *||Mar 14, 2001||Dec 11, 2002||A. Clinton Ober||Personal body grounding system|
|WO2002094373A1 *||May 17, 2002||Nov 28, 2002||Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.||Integrated cardiac resuscitation system with perfusion detection|
|WO2004096362A1 *||Apr 21, 2004||Nov 11, 2004||Medtronic Physio-Control Corp.||Defibrillator electrodes with identification tags|
|WO2005030327A1 *||Sep 7, 2004||Apr 7, 2005||Koninklijke Philips Electronics, N.V.||Identification system for defibrillator electrode package|
|WO2005092430A1 *||Mar 16, 2005||Oct 6, 2005||Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.||Self-storing medical electrodes|
|WO2014181277A1||May 8, 2014||Nov 13, 2014||Koninklijke Philips N.V.||Defibrillator electrode having adult and pediatric graphics|
|U.S. Classification||607/142, 607/152, 600/372|
|Cooperative Classification||A61N1/0492, A61N1/046, A61B5/68|
|European Classification||A61B5/68, A61N1/04E2P, A61N1/04E1S|
|Jan 14, 1997||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: HEARTSTREAM, INC., WASHINGTON
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:BISHAY, JON M.;LEYDE, KENT W.;HARRIS, JOHN F.;REEL/FRAME:008619/0381
Effective date: 19970114
|Apr 28, 2000||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: HEWLETT-PACKARD COMPANY, A DELAWARE CORPORATION, C
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:HEWLETT-PACKARD COMPANY, A CALIFORNIA CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:010841/0649
Effective date: 19980520
|Aug 29, 2000||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: AGILENT TECHNOLOGIES, INC., CALIFORNIA
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:PETE, INC.;REEL/FRAME:011097/0632
Effective date: 20000505
Owner name: PETE, INC., CALIFORNIA
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:HEARTSTREAM, INC.;REEL/FRAME:011113/0504
Effective date: 20000504
|Feb 21, 2003||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Oct 31, 2003||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS ELECTRONICS N.V., NETHERLANDS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:AGILENT TECHNOLOGIES, INC.;REEL/FRAME:014662/0179
Effective date: 20010801
|Feb 20, 2007||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Jun 17, 2009||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS ELECTRONICS N V, NETHERLANDS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:AGILENT TECHNOLOGIES, INC.;REEL/FRAME:022835/0572
Effective date: 20090610
|Mar 9, 2011||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12