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Publication numberUS595372 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 14, 1897
Filing dateApr 12, 1897
Publication numberUS 595372 A, US 595372A, US-A-595372, US595372 A, US595372A
InventorsRobert S. Crooks
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Game apparatus
US 595372 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheen 1 R. S. 8v P. B. CROOKS. GAME APPARATUS.

Patented Deo. 14,1897.

IIIII (No Model.) 2 S11eets-Set 2.


N0. 595,372. Patented Dec. 14,1897.




SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 595,372, dated December 14, 1897. Application filed April 12, 1897. Serial No. 631,723.- (No model.)

To all whom it may concern,.-

Beit known that we, ROBERT S. OROOKS and FRANK B. OROOKS, citizens of the United States,residing at San Francisco,in the county of San Francisco and State of California, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Game Apparatus; and we do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description thereof.

Our presentinvention relates to certain new and useful improvements upon the game apparatus fully shown and described in the application for Letters Patent filedby us in the United States Patent Office on the 22d day of October, 1896, Serial No. 609,636; and it consists, more especially, in the mechanism for shuffling or mixing the cards within the shuffling-compartment during the movement of the swinging or rotating frame; and it conslsts in the arrangementof parts and details of construction, as will be hereinafter fullyv set forth in the drawings and described and pointed out in the specification.

The object of the invention is to provide a game apparatus having two or more shuffling and display boxes for` the cards so arranged that a line of cards of only one shuffling-box is thrown into view and displayed at a time, it being required to release certain lock mechanism before the device can beV rotated or swung over to bring the second box into view to expose a new hand of cards, the swinging of lthe boxes operating the rotating shufiing devices, which give a positive shuffle to the cards contained in the shuffling-compartment of the box being swung over to expose a hand or line of cards to the operator or player of the device or game.

In order to understand the invention, reference must be had to the accompanying sheets of drawings, forming a part ofthis application, wherein- Figure l is an end View in elevation of the machine, partly broken away. Fig. 2 is a front view inv elevation, showing one of the boxes partly broken away. Fig. 3 is a top plan view of the base-box, partly broken away, the lock mechanism being shown as closed. Fig. 4 is a similar View disclosing the lock mechanism in open position. ,-Fig. 5 is a bottom plan View of one of the shuffling-boxes of the Swingin g frame, disclosing the mechanism for imparting rotary motion to the card-shufiiing pins; and Fig. 6 is a plan View of one of the shuffling-boxes with its face-plate removed, the bottom plate being partly broken away to disclose the shuffling mechanism.

In the drawings the letter A is used to indicate the base-box of the machine, from which upwardly extend the side standards A. Between these standards is mounted to swing the rotatable casing or frame, which in the present case consists of three shuffling-boxes B B B2, each placed at an incline and attached to longitudinal edge pieces B3, so as to provide a triangular-shaped casing or frame, the

'ends of the boxes being closed by the triangular end plates C C'. We prefer to use a triangular-shaped swinging frame, although any desired shape may be employed.

Each shuffling-box is composed of the top and bottom plates l 2, which in the present case are united at their upper and lower ends to the longitudinal edge pieces B3. These plates are held a suitable distance apart to give ample room therebetween for the shuffling of the cards. The arrangement of each box and its shufliing mechanism for the cards is the Same. one will answer for the others.

The lower portion of the top plate l of each box is cut away, so as to provide a transverse opening through which the cards may be exposed Or viewed, said opening being closed or covered by a glass plate 3, held in place by the frame 4, secured to the plate 1 in any suitable manner.

Within the shuffling-box are secured the vertically-extending ribs Or partition-iingers a a, which may be formed integral with the bottom or top plate of the shuffling box. These ribs or fingers divide the lower portion of the shufliing-box into a series of separate compartments b 6'192 b3 b4, which compartments receive and hold the shufied cards, The ribs or partition-fingers do not extend the full height of the shuffling-box, but' only part way. Consequently the upper interior portion of each box is divided into an enlarged card-shufiing chamber or compartment D.

Immediately above, at the side, each of the card-holding compartments b b' b2 b3 b4 is lo- Consequently the description of IOO cated a pin or stud d, downwardly projecting from the top plate l, around which pins or studs revolve the pins or studs d', inwardly projecting into the shufiiing-box through the circular openings d2 cut through the bottom plate 2. The pins or studs d are secured to and carried by a reciprocatingrectilinear rod D', located and working at the rear face of the bottom plate 2. This rod D is eccentrically connected to the cam-wheel D2, mounted upon the axle D2, working in bearings of the frame E, which is bolted to the rear face of the bottom plate 2. Upon the axle D3 is secured the pinion E, .with which meshes the gear E2, mounted upon the axle E2, working in bearing of the frame E. To the axle E2 is secured the pinion F, with which meshes the rack end of the lever F, fulcrumed to the frame by the shaft F2. This shaft F2 is connected to a post e by the coiled flat spring d, which winds or unwinds upon the shaft F2 during its movement. As the rack-lever F is thrown up or down the gear E2, through pinion F, is caused to rotate, the motion of which is transmitted to reciprocate the rod vD' through the medium of the gear-and-eccentric connection. The movement imparted to the eccentrically-connected rod D will cause the pins or studs d to rotate around the fixed pins or studs d, which rotating pins or studs engage with the cards contained in the enlarged shufiiing chamber or compartment D and thoroughly shuffle or intermix the same prior to their entrance into the compartments b ZJ' b2 b2 b4. The downward movement of the rack end of the fulcrumed lever F is limited by the projection or stop f, and that of the outer end is limited by the stop f', projecting from the rear face of the bottom plate 2. The mechanism foroperating the shuffling pins or studs for each box is the same as that just described. Consequently it need not be described.

The frame or casing is loosely mounted upon the shaft G, which extends through the frame or casing and is secured within the side standards A. Upon the fixed shaft G within the frame or casin g there is secured, near the end plate C, a cam -plate G', with which the free or outer end of each rack-lever engages as the frame or casingis rotated. As the frame or casing is swung or turned over the free or outer end of lever F en gages the end g of the cam-plate G and is forced upward as the frame or casing is carried over until carried past the edge of the cam-plate. As the outer end of the lever F is forced upward its inner end is thrown downward in order to operate the train of mechanism before described to impart movement to the eccentrically-connected rod D to rotate the pins or studs d in order to shufiie the cards. After clearing the end g of the cam-plate G the free end of the lever F rides on the face thereof until carried past the end g', when the tension of the spring e will immediately throw the outer end of the lever downward, causing the inner end to move upward in order to impart an opposite throw, through the connecting-gears, to the eccentrically-connected rod D'. The shufiing mechanism of each box is operated in the same manner as the free end of the fulcrumed rack-lever is carried past the cam G". Each longitudinal edge piece B3 is provided with a depending knob I-I, which is used as a handle by which to swing or turn the casing or frame over and to operate the lock mechanism of the base-box. This mechanism consists of a longitudinal spring-actuated slideplate H', mounted upon a bar H2, secured within the base-box, the slide being held outward by the tension of the spiral spring H2. To the forward end of the slide -plate H' is connected a cross-head K, which slides upon the platform K', inwardly projecting into the base-box from the receiver K2. To the under face of this platform at each side of the inner end are fulcrumed the arms 7L 7L,which arms are provided with jaws h2 h3,which elnbrace the platform K. The arms 7L h are normally held closed by the tension of said spring h, The disk or token j for releasing the lock mechanism is placed within the receiver through the guide j', extending therein. As the disk enters into the receiver K2 through the guidej' it falls onto the platform K in advance of the cross-head K. As the knob H during the rotation of the swinging frame or casing strikes against the stud .72, secured to the slide-plate ll', upwardly projecting through a slot formed in the top of the base-box, the slide-plate H is forced inward, the cross-head carried thereby forcing the disk toward the inner end of the platform K'. As moved upon the platform the disk enters between the jaws h2 h2 and forces the same apart. The moment the disk is carried past the spring actuated jaws they come together and cannot be opened until another disk is carried between the jaws. The cross-head cannot be moved forward to open the jaws unless a disk is carried thereby, for if moved forward the stud 71,5, carried by the said cross-head, strikes against the forward end of the jaws below the platform and holds the cross-head against movement. By the time the slide-plate has moved inwardly far enough for the cross-heads to force lthe disk between the jaws h2 h3 the knob H will be carried past the stud j2 and the casing will be free to rotate until the knob of the next shuffling-box engages said stud, when the swinging casing will be closed against movement until a disk is placed in the receiver to release the lock mechanism.

In order that the cards entering into the compartments Z) ZJ b3 D will fall behind the front card, the lower or bottom plate of each shuffling-box is inclined upwardlyjfrom the point 5 to 6, and from the point 6 to its lower edge is formed straight. The first card entering the compartments will rest against the lower straight portion of the plate 2, its upper end portion extending above the inclined portionrof the plate. As the succeeding cards drop they will enter the compartments at the rear of the rst cards. The inclined portion vof the bottom plate of the box thus acts as a guide for the cards.

By formingan opening in the top of the A' base-box immediately over the platform K and covering the same with glass any dispute as to whether the disk has' been placed within the receiver may be avoided, for the same will show through the glass covering.

One way of playing the herein-described apparatus is to have a given number of pointssay a thousand-constitute a game, and the player rst scoring a thousand points wins the game. Each yhand of cards Vexposed by the machine will have a given valuation in points, and by adding together or keeping accounts of the various points made by each player the score of each may be readily ascertained. One person or player should act as what is known as the banker, and to each player he should deal or deliver a certain number of disks, the object being to see which player can make the highest number of points with a given number of disks or pieces to play with. In counting the hands we proceed about as follows :v Any handdisplayed where the cards are in sequence and of one color from ten to ace will count, say, one thousand. Where the cards are all of one color, but below the ten spots in sequence, the count will be, say, nine hundred points; if four cards of the same denomination above the ten spots, eight hundred points; below the ten spots, seven hundred and fifty points; all cards exposed being of the samecolor, seven hundred points 5 three cards of one denomination and two of another, six hundredpoints; three cards of one denomination, five hundred points, the number of points being proportionately thus reduced in accordance as to whether the hand orcards exposed fall below the one enumerated. The iirst player that scores one thousand points wins the game.

Ina'smuch as one player acts as banker, he directs the play of the game. Consequently his decision is binding upon the balance of the players, and as he directs the play of each player and should keep the score, being a disinterested player, unfair playing is obviated.

Having thus described the invention, what I is claimed as new, and desired to be protected by Letters Patent, is-

l. In a game apparatus, the combination with a swinging casing or frame composed of y two or more shuffiing-boxes connected together, the cutting ribs or partitions secured within the lower portion of the shufliingboxes so as Ito provide display-compartments, and a shufiing-chamber in the upper portion of the boxes, of a series of rotating shufflingfingers extending into said chamber, and mechanism for imparting rotary movement to said fingers as the casing or frame is'swung over or rotated. l

2. In a game apparatus, the combination with the casing or frame, having a card-shuffling chamber formed thereinwithin which' the cards are shuffled and intermixed, the movable shuffling device extending into said chamber, and of mechanism for imparting motion to said shuffling device. v

3. In a game apparatus, the combination with a swinging frame or casing, having a card shuffiing and display chamber formed therein within which cards are shuffled and intermixed, and a series of agitating or shuffling devices extending into said chamber, of mechanism for imparting motion to said devices during the movement of the casing or frame, and of suitable lock mechanism for controlling the swing or movement of the frame or casing.

4. In a game apparat-us, the combination with the swinging frame or casing, of the disk-controlled lock mechanism for controlling the movement of the frame or casing, a chamber formed therein within which cards are shuffled and intermixed, a series of rotating shuffling-fingers working within the said chamber, thereciprocating rod for imparting rotary motion to the shufing-ingers, a fulcrumed rack-lever, gear connection between said lever and the reciprocating rod, a shaft upon which the frame or casing is mounted to swing, and a cam secured to said shaft with which the outer end of the fulcrumed rack-lever engages as the frame or casing is swung over.

5. In a game apparatus, the combination with a swinging shufIiing and display box, of a chamber formed therein within which cards to be displayed are shuffled and intermixed, the movable card-shuffling devices extending within said chamber, of mechanism for imparting motion to said devices during the swinging movement of the frame or casing, and of disk-controlled lock mechanism for controlling the movement of the swinging frame or casing.

In testimony whereof we affix our signatures, in presence of two witnesses, this 19th day of March, 1897.




Cooperative ClassificationG07F7/0609