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Publication numberUS5961986 A
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 08/608,462
Publication dateOct 5, 1999
Filing dateFeb 28, 1996
Priority dateFeb 28, 1996
Fee statusPaid
Publication number08608462, 608462, US 5961986 A, US 5961986A, US-A-5961986, US5961986 A, US5961986A
InventorsCarolyn L. Killen
Original AssigneeKillen; Carolyn L.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Preventing wrinkling above and between the breasts
US 5961986 A
Abstract
The preferred embodiment of an anti-wrinkling apparatus employs a substrate with an adhesive for securing the apparatus to the user's skin for deterring skin folding and, thus, wrinkles. In another aspect of the present invention, the substrate has a substantially heart shape. In a further aspect of the present invention, the apparatus does not have a preformed shape and is flat prior to use. In yet another aspect of the present invention, the anti-wrinkling device of the present invention is applied between the breasts. In still another aspect of the present invention anti-wrinkling apparatus, multiple stacked adhesive and liner layers, as well as a substrate layer, are provided for allowing repeated application and removal.
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Claims(8)
The invention claimed is:
1. An apparatus for deterring wrinkles of a person's skin between and above a person's breast, said apparatus comprising:
a first substrate being unformed and substantially flat prior to application on said skin;
a first pressure sensitive adhesive layer disposed along a surface of said first substrate for adhering to said skin between and above said breast, said first substrate deterring folding of said skin to which said apparatus is adhesively bonded said first pressure sensitive adhesive layer having a peel strength lass than 35 ounce inches;
a said first substrate having a skin contacting surface area of at least 16 square inches and being substantially heart-shaped, said first substrate further having a thickness of at least 20 mils such that said skin is deterred from folding within the area to which the apparatus is adhesively bonded; and
a first liner disposed against said first pressure sensitive adhesive layer and being removable prior to adhesion of said first adhesive layer to the skin;
a second adhesive layer adhering to said first substrate opposite from said first adhesive layer;
a third adhesive layer;
a second liner disposed between said second and third adhesive layers, said second liner being removable prior to adhesion of said third adhesive layer to the skin; and
a second substrate adhering to said third adhesive layer;
said substrate, said liners and aid adhesive layers all being disposed in a stack and parallel planer manner in relation to each other, said liners being thinner than said substrates.
2. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein said substrate has a thickness greater than 20 mils.
3. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein said substrate is strapless.
4. The apparatus of claims 1 wherein said substrate is substantially heart-shaped.
5. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein said first and second substrate have a substantially heart shaped.
6. The method of claim 1 further comprising a third substrate adhered to said second substrate in a stacked manner by a fourth adhesive layer whereby said layers are durable enough for repeated application and removal from said skin without premature tearing of said substrates.
7. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein said substrates are unformed and flat prior to application on said skin but are flexibly deformable to conform to the skin when in use.
8. The apparatus of claim 1 being applied by pressing said substrate upwardly and outwardly from a pointed bottom of said substrate toward lobes of said substrate.
Description
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates generally to devices which deter skin wrinkling and specifically to an anti-wrinkling apparatus employing an adhesive.

Wrinkles often occur in the cleavage area for many women and especially large breasted women. It is believed that this problem occurs due to the cleavage and breast skin folding upon itself or creasing when these women sleep on their sides.

Many adhesive brassiere and breast support devices are known. Examples of such prior devices are described in the following U.S. Pat. No. 4,992,074 entitled "Reusable Self-Supporting Brassiere " which issued to Diaz on Feb. 12, 1991; U.S. Pat. No. 4,343,313 entitled "Adhesive Brassiere and Its Method of Manufacture " which issued to Le Jeune on Aug. 10, 1982; U.S. Pat. No. 3,934,593 entitled "Strapless Breast Support" which issued to Mellinger on Jan. 27, 1976; U.S. Pat. No. 3,276,449 entitled "Adhesive Brassiere" which issued to Morgan on Oct. 4, 1966; U.S. Pat. No. 2,869,553 entitled "Disposable Brassiere" which issued to D'Or on Jan. 20, 1959; U.S. Pat. No. 2,728,079 entitled "Breast Support" which issued to Williams on Dec. 27, 1955; and U.S. Pat. No. 1,783,512 entitled "Protector" which issued to Mather on Dec. 2, 1930. However, none of these aforementioned patents disclose an anti-wrinkling device or any other adhesive device to be applied within the cleavage area between the breasts.

Adhesive-coated bandages are also commonplace for use in covering skin wounds. Conventional nicotine patches have also been used. Examples of such bandages and patches are disclosed within the following U.S. Pat. No. 5,415,626 entitled "Two Piece Releasable Bandage" which issued to Goodman et al. on May. 16, 1995; U.S. Pat. No. 5,336,162 entitled "Medical Bandage and Method for Using the Same" which issued to Ota et al. on Aug. 9, 1994; U.S. Pat. No. 5,244,677 entitled "Application System for Drug Containing Microemulsions"which issued to Kreckel et al. on Sep. 14, 1993; U.S. Pat. No. 5,230,896 entitled "Transdermal Nicotine Delivery System" which issued to Yeh et al. on Jul. 27, 1993; U.S. Pat. No. 5,183,459 entitled "Emulsion Pressure-Sensitive Adhesive Polymers in Bandage and Medical Tape Constructions" which issued to Bernard on Feb. 2, 1993; U.S. Pat. No. 4,839,174 entitled "Novel Transdermal Nicotine Patch" which issued to Baker et al. on Jun. 13, 1989; and U.S. Pat. No. 3,612,265 entitled "Adhesive Bandage and Envelope" which issued to Dickerson on Oct. 12, 1971; all of which are incorporated by reference herein. It should be noted that these adhesive-coated bandages and patches are typically too thin to prevent skin folding and contain an adhesive too strong for use with the more sensitive breast area. Also, the adhesive does not usually cover the entire skin-side surface of the bandage carrier. Accordingly, it would be desirable to provide an anti-wrinkling device which can effectively deter skin folding, and thus wrinkling, on a person's skin while sleeping.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

In accordance with the present invention, the preferred embodiment of an anti-wrinkling apparatus employs a substrate with an adhesive for securing the apparatus to the user's skin for deterring skin folding and, thus, wrinkles. In another feature of the present invention, the substrate has a substantially heart shape. In a further feature of the present invention, the apparatus does not have a preformed shape and is flat prior to use. In yet another feature of the present invention, the anti-wrinkling device of the present invention is applied between the breasts. In still another feature of the present invention anti-wrinkling apparatus, multiple stacked adhesive and liner layers, in addition to a substrate layer, are provided for allowing repeated application and removal. Additional advantages and features of the present invention will become apparent from the following description and appended claims, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing the preferred embodiment of the anti-wrinkling apparatus of the present invention applied to a person's skin between and above the breasts;

FIG. 2 is a cross sectional view, taken along line 2--2 of FIG. 1, showing the preferred embodiment of the present invention anti-wrinkling apparatus;

FIG. 3 is a true elevational view showing the preferred embodiment of the present invention anti-wrinkling apparatus; and

FIG. 4 is an edge elevational view showing the preferred embodiment of the present invention anti-wrinkling apparatus.

FIG. 5 is a cross sectional view, similar to that of FIG. 2, showing an alternate embodiment of the present invention anti-wrinkling apparatus.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

Referring to FIGS. 1-4, the preferred embodiment of an anti-wrinkling apparatus 11 of the present invention has a film-like substrate 13 and an adhesive layer 15. Adhesive 15 is preferably a pressure sensitive adhesive which is applied over the entire skin-side 17 of substrate 13. The adhesive coated substrate is die cut from an adhesive coated sheet of material such that anti-wrinkling apparatus 11 has an unformed, flat shape until applied to conform to a person's skin 19.

Apparatus 11 has a somewhat heart shape as shown in FIG. 3, defined by a pair of upper lobes 21 and a lower point 23. Each inner edge 27 is continuously angled in a downward and inward direction toward intersection 29.

Referring again to FIGS. 1-4, substrate 13 can be made from an open-weave or closed-weave synthetic or natural fiber material, or from a foam construction. It is desirable to have perforations 31 or the like within the substrate to encourage skin breathability so as to avoid skin irritation and sweating. The substrate has a thickness of at least 0.020 mils yet must remain somewhat flexible to allow conformance to the skin shape. In the preferred embodiment of the invention illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 3, at least 16 square inches of skin contacting surface area are provided.

The pressure sensitive adhesive should be an FDA approved material which can adhere sufficiently upon application with only light finger pressure while being suitable for easy and pain-free peeling removal. It has been found that a pressure sensitive adhesive with a peel strength less than 35 ounce inches would be suitable. Such an adhesive is preferably a rubbery type of elastomer combined with a liquid or solid tackifier component. The adhesive consequently has a high viscosity composition which would most likely be thrixeotropic in nature while maintaining some liquid characteristics. In essence, the pressure sensitive adhesive is a system composed of an elastic component, a viscous component and a visco-elastic component which work together for obtaining immediate wetting during low pressure application while having sufficient flow for retaining the wet out condition after release of the application pressure. The adhesive performance is dependent upon the following primary factors: (1) the "quick stick" ability which is the ability to wet under light pressure; (2) the adhesion ability, which is the ability to attach to another surface; and (3) the cohesive strength, which is the ability to maintain the adhesive characteristics after application. In the preferred embodiment, a releasable waxed paper liner 33 or the like is placed against the adhesive and peeled off immediately prior to application.

As is illustrated in FIG. 5, an alternate embodiment of the anti-wrinkling apparatus of the present invention is shown. In this embodiment, anti-wrinkling apparatus 41 includes a first pressure sensitive adhesive layer 43, a first liner 45, a second pressure sensitive adhesive layer 47, a second liner 49, a third pressure sensitive adhesive layer 51, a third liner 53, a fourth pressure sensitive adhesive layer 55, a fourth liner 57, a fifth pressure sensitive adhesive layer 59, a fifth liner 61, a sixth pressure sensitive adhesive layer 63, a sixth liner 65, a seventh pressure sensitive adhesive layer 67 and a single substrate 69. The liners are relatively thinner than substrate 69 and are in the range of 0.005 inch thick. Each of these layers are stacked on top of each other to form a sandwich which is flexible, yet more rigid than the preferred embodiment. The number of stacked layers can be varied as a relationship of the substrate thicknesses and tear strength. This alternate embodiment sandwich may also have a heart-like shape but is much more durable and resistant to tearing for use in repeated application to and removal from the selected skin area over a week long period. Each liner is peeled off before the next nightly use so the skin-applied adhesive will not collect contaminants such as dust or the like. However, this embodiment is still a disposable device. In contrast, the preferred embodiment is intended for single use application.

Referring again to FIGS. 1-4, it is primarily intended that the anti-wrinkling apparatus be applied to the person's skin at and above the breast cleavage as well as the immediately adjacent inside portions of the breasts, i.e. these are the areas most typically visible in casual and dressy clothing in western culture. The apparatus of the present invention is applied as follows: First, any skin oils are wiped from the skin application area. Second, the covering release liner is peeled off of the adhesive. Third, the apparatus is properly aligned between the breasts. Fourth, using the fingertips, light pressure is applied to pointed bottom 23 of the substrate to compress the apparatus against the skin. Next, pressure is gently and smoothly applied in a direction going upwardly and outwardly from pointed bottom 23 toward lobes 21 of the substrate by using both hands.

It is envisioned that the present invention will be used at night and then removed in the morning. To remove the present invention anti-wrinkling apparatus, the wearer should sponge the apparatus with water and then gently peel off the substrate from the skin. It has been found that results are improved if the skin application area is moisturized with moisturizing cream or the like immediately after removal of the apparatus.

Repeated use of the present invention anti-wrinkling apparatus significantly reduces skin wrinkling within the applied skin area. It is believed that the apparatus has sufficient rigidity and/or thickness (significantly greater than an adhesive-coated bandage or the like) such that when it is adhered to the skin, it acts to prevent skin folding and thus wrinkling. In other words, it changes the natural folding pattern of the applied skin area normally caused by the weight of the user's breasts. Thus, the present invention significantly reduces and deters skin wrinkling by increasing the bulk or folding rigidity of the skin. It is also intended that the present invention apparatus is folded in half when in its shipping and sales packaging and then unfolded when opened for use.

In a further alternate embodiment, the adhesive of the anti-wrinkling apparatus is impregnated with a medication such as a skin moisturizer or decongestant. Thus, when the apparatus is bonded to the person's chest, the medication can permeate into the skin.

While various embodiments of this anti-wrinkling apparatus have been disclosed, it will be appreciated that modifications may be made without departing from the present invention. For example, the substrate can have varying thicknesses at predetermined segments, such as where the lobes intersect. Furthermore, the present invention apparatus can be applied on the person's back between the shoulder blades and above the knee area. Various aspects of the present invention can also be applied to other body parts. Various materials have been disclosed in an exemplary fashion, however, other materials may of course be employed. It is intended by the following claims to cover these and any other departures from the disclosed embodiments which fall within the true spirit of this invention.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1783512 *Jul 14, 1928Dec 2, 1930Mather Mildred CProtector
US2728079 *Jun 23, 1954Dec 27, 1955Williams Angela LBreast support
US2793369 *Apr 14, 1954May 28, 1957S R L GlasviteBreast supporter
US2869553 *Jul 10, 1957Jan 20, 1959Nicl D OrDisposable brassiere
US3276449 *Sep 10, 1964Oct 4, 1966Morgan Adhesives CoAdhesive brassiere
US3280818 *Aug 20, 1964Oct 25, 1966Solette CoWearing apparel
US3297036 *Sep 21, 1964Jan 10, 1967Williams Angela LStrapless bra
US3612265 *Mar 10, 1969Oct 12, 1971Minnesota Mining & MfgAdhesive bandage and envelope
US3934593 *Jul 11, 1974Jan 27, 1976Frederick's Of HollywoodStrapless breast support
US4343313 *Jun 29, 1979Aug 10, 1982Danielle Le JeuneAdhesive brassiere and its method of manufacture
US4398981 *Mar 3, 1981Aug 16, 1983Olga CompanyBrassiere pad fabrication
US4839174 *Oct 5, 1987Jun 13, 1989Pharmetrix CorporationNovel transdermal nicotine patch
US4933184 *Apr 3, 1987Jun 12, 1990American Home Products Corp. (Del)Menthol enhancement of transdermal drug delivery
US4992074 *Jun 1, 1989Feb 12, 1991Damin Industries, Inc.Backless, strapless
US5183459 *Mar 5, 1992Feb 2, 1993Avery Dennison CorporationEmulsion pressure-sensitive adhesive polymers in bandage and medical tape constructions
US5230896 *Oct 12, 1989Jul 27, 1993Warner-Lambert CompanyTransdermal nicotine delivery system
US5244677 *Nov 20, 1992Sep 14, 1993Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyApplication system for drug containing microemulsions
US5326305 *Sep 10, 1992Jul 5, 1994Fochler Zhou LiProtective breast pad
US5336162 *Oct 8, 1993Aug 9, 1994Kyowa LimitedMedical bandage and method for using the same
US5415626 *Jun 25, 1993May 16, 1995Megadyne Medical Products, Inc.Two piece releasable bandage
Non-Patent Citations
Reference
1"Handbook of Adhesives", Third Edition, Edited by Irving Skeist, Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1990.
2Advertisement in U.S. News & World Report entitled "Your Secret Weapon Against Aging", The Magellan Group, Feb. 12, 1996.
3 *Advertisement in U.S. News & World Report entitled Your Secret Weapon Against Aging , The Magellan Group, Feb. 12, 1996.
4 *Handbook of Adhesives , Third Edition, Edited by Irving Skeist, Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1990.
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6666747Aug 2, 2000Dec 23, 2003Antonia BuntzCosmetic adhesive tape lifts female breast having a nipple thereby drawing sagging tissue against force of gravity
US7467987 *Apr 20, 2004Dec 23, 2008Khalaf Naila KTreatment brassiere and method of producing same
US20130012891 *Jul 5, 2011Jan 10, 2013Yossi GrossSkin-treatment and drug-delivery devices
DE19937862A1 *Aug 13, 1999Feb 22, 2001Marta BurzynskaAnti-wrinkling plaster for the face or forehead comprises wrinkle-sized support elements and an adhesive layer preferably based on a polyacrylate
DE102012013010A1Jun 29, 2012Jan 2, 2014Evelyn RickauerDekolletÚpad
DE102012104149A1May 11, 2012Nov 14, 2013Agata PlotkaSelf-adhesive cosmetic plaster e.g. anti-wrinkle plaster applied between breasts to prevent wrinkle formation, has planar plaster element partially made of material having adhesive properties so that plaster element is affixed to skin
WO2001008515A1 *Aug 2, 2000Feb 8, 2001Antonia BuntzMethod for embellishing the shape of a human body by means of a cosmetic plaster
WO2008137454A1 *Apr 30, 2008Nov 13, 2008Arc Luxe LlcBreast support device
WO2013000053A2 *Jun 28, 2012Jan 3, 2013Villela De Andrade Huss AndreaAdhesive plate for preventing throat wrinkles
WO2014000899A1Apr 2, 2013Jan 3, 2014Rickauer EvelynCleavage pad
Classifications
U.S. Classification424/400, 424/449
International ClassificationA61F13/12, A61F13/02, A61F13/14
Cooperative ClassificationA61F2013/15016, A61F13/14, A61F13/145, A61F13/023
European ClassificationA61F13/02C, A61F13/12, A61F13/14
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Apr 4, 2011FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 12
Oct 2, 2007SULPSurcharge for late payment
Year of fee payment: 7
Oct 2, 2007FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 8
Apr 25, 2007REMIMaintenance fee reminder mailed
Oct 4, 2005ASAssignment
Owner name: CHEST-A-PEEL, LLC, TENNESSEE
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:KILLEN, CAROLYN L.;REEL/FRAME:017073/0503
Effective date: 20050922
Dec 13, 2004PRDPPatent reinstated due to the acceptance of a late maintenance fee
Effective date: 20041214
Sep 2, 2004FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4
Sep 2, 2004SULPSurcharge for late payment
Dec 2, 2003FPExpired due to failure to pay maintenance fee
Effective date: 20031005
Oct 6, 2003REINReinstatement after maintenance fee payment confirmed
Apr 23, 2003REMIMaintenance fee reminder mailed
Jun 27, 2000CCCertificate of correction