US 597842 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
A. B. EDMANDS.
Patented Jan. 25, 1898.
' Vl ibwsscs UNITED STATES ATENT trier...
ARTEMAS B. EDMANDS, OF MILFORD, MASSACHUSETTS.
SPECIFIGATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 597,842, dated January 25, 1898. Application filed September 8, 18971 Serial No. 650,913. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, ARTEMAS B. EDMANDS, of Milford, in the county of Worcester and State of Massachusetts, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Faucets, of which the following, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings,is a specification.
My invention relates to faucets; and it consists in certain novel features of construction, arrangement, and combination of parts,which will be readily understood by reference to the description of the accompanying drawings and to the claims hereto appended and in which my invention is clearly pointed out.
It is a well-known fact that water when being drawn from an ordinary faucet upon a flat surface, as the bottom of a sink, will spatter or rebound from said fiat surface in jets or drops which are thrown to a consider able distance, particularly if the pressure is considerable. This is a very objectionable feature which it is the object of my present invention to overcome or reduce to a minimum, and to this end 1 construct the faucet as illustrated in the acoompan yin g drawings, in which Figure 1 is a sectional elevation of a faucet, illustrating my in vention applied as an attachment to an ordinary faucet of well-kn0wn construction. Fig. 2 is a similar sectional elevation of a faucet in which my invention is applied within the main shell of the faucetbody. Fig. 3 is a transverse section on line a: a; on Fig. 1, and Fig. 4: is a transverse section on line y 3 on Figs. 1 and 2.
In the drawings, A is'the main body or shell of the faucet, provided with the usual valve-seat, valve, valve-stem, and operatinghandle, and in the case of Fig. 1 said shell is provided with a screw-threaded dischargenozzle A.
B is a shell or casing forming an extension of the discharge-nozzle and may form a part of the faucet proper, as shown in Fig. 2, or
be made separate therefrom and screwed to the ordinary faucet, as shown in Fig. 1. In
either case the part B has a cylindrical passage through the same from end. to end, the middle portion a of which is enlarged or has a diameter about one-eighth of an inch, more or less, greater than the lower portion 1), the
junction of said two portions forming an annular shoulder c, as shown in Figs. 1 and 2.
O is a ring set in the upper portion of the part B and having an interior diameter corresponding to the interior diameter of the lower section 1). Between the shoulder c and the lower end of the ring 0 is inserted the tube D, extending from the under side of the ring G to the shoulder c and having a crosssection which forms a passage from end to end thereof, comprising a center and a plurality of radial wings d and may be quatrefoil or trefoil in shape. In the center of the upper end of said tube is inserted and firmly secured therein the upwardly-projecting cone 6-, as shown in Figs. 1 and The tube D divides the chambered portion a of the passage through the portion B of the discharge-nozzle into a plurality of passages in addition to the one through said tube.
The part B, when made separate from the body of the faucet, is threaded at its upper end to fit the threaded end of the dischargenozzle of the ordinary faucet and has the milled enlargement f to facilitate the screwing of it upon said faucet, as shown in Fig. 1.
In the case of the invention being built into the faucet the part B has an opening in its top of sufficient diameter to permit the insertion of the tube D and the ring 0 from the top, and said opening is closed by the plugcap E, as shown in Fig.
The operation of my invention is as follows: The valve of the faucet A being raised in the ordinary way, the current of water in escaping through the nozzle is first separated into an annular body in passing the cone e, is then divided into a plurality of separate streams or currents in passing through the tube D and chambered portion a of the part B, and is again united in a single stream as it passes through the portion 1) of the discharge-nozzle, and it has been demonstrated by actual test under heavy pressures that when said stream strikes the bottom of the sink or other flat surface the water flows outwardly in all directions from the point of contact in a smooth sheet with absolutely no spattering. The tube D, having the cross-section shown and described and dividing the chambered section a of the passage through the part B into a I signed solely to prevent the spattering of the Water and always has a free discharge, which is not reduced by continuous use, caused by the accumulation of the sediment or impurities contained in the water, as is the case With all filters.
\Vhat I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, is-- 1. A faucet the discharge-passage of which has a chambered section or a section having a diameter greater than the sections above and below it and divided longitudinally into a series of separate passages, and an upwardlyprojecting cone arranged centrally above said series of passages.
2. A faucet having the chamber ctof greater diameter than the section b at the end of the nozzle, in combination with the tube D inserted in said chambered section and dividing it into a plurality of longitudinal passages;
the ring 0 above said tube D and having a diameter corresponding to the diameter or the section b; and the cone 6 set in the center of the upper end of said tube D and projecting upward therefrom.
In testimony whereof I have signed n1 y name to this specification,in the presence of two subscribing Witnesses, on this 7th day of September, A. D. 1897.
ARTEMAS B. EDMANDS.
N. O. LOMBARD, WILLIAM E. DAVIS.