|Publication number||US5989530 A|
|Application number||US 08/025,788|
|Publication date||Nov 23, 1999|
|Filing date||Mar 3, 1993|
|Priority date||Mar 10, 1992|
|Also published as||DE4207475A1, DE59300006D1, EP0560088A1, EP0560088B1|
|Publication number||025788, 08025788, US 5989530 A, US 5989530A, US-A-5989530, US5989530 A, US5989530A|
|Inventors||Heribert Lorenz, Frank Kufner|
|Original Assignee||Goldwell Ag|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (15), Referenced by (40), Classifications (21), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention comprises a powdery composition for bleaching human hair presenting improved properties, and a process for the production of said composition.
Traditional blonding or bleaching compositions for human hair include at least one solid peroxide, especially a persulfate, and a powdery carrier material. Before application onto the hair, this powder is mixed with a 6 to 12% solution of hydrogen peroxide. Examples for such compositions are disclosed in the standard literature, e.g. K. Schrader, "Grundlagen und Rezepturen der Kosmetika", 2nd Edition (1989, Huthig Buchverlag), pp. 815 to 823.
The properties of these bleaching powders, however, are not yet satisfactory. On the one hand they stir up dust when used, and on the other hand they cannot be handled exactly enough to affect the desired bleaching result.
It has now been found that a powdery composition which does not show the above-mentioned disadvantages when bleaching human hair, is achieved by the admixture of an oil and (or) a liquid wax with the carrier substance comprising at least one solid peroxide compound and at least one powdery carrier material.
This powdery composition is not only completely dustless but is also easily flowable, and allows precise dosage and may therefore be conveniently mixed with a solution of hydrogen peroxide prior to application onto the hair. These properties may be even improved in a preferred embodiment of the invention by the addition of small quantities of a non-ionic surfactant, e.g. a fatty alcohol ethoxylate or alkylphenol ethoxylates, to the powder.
DE-OS 2 023 922 already describes granular hair bleaching compositions which are produced from peroxide salts and water-soluble bonding agents, especially polyvinyl pyrrolidone.
These granules, however, are not able to solve the above mentioned problems because, on the one hand, they comprise relatively large-size particles in the region of millimeters. On the other hand problems may arise in homogeneous mixing with aqueous hydrogen peroxide. Moreover, the production of these products is relatively expensive by contrast to the bleaching powders according to the present invention which are produced in a preferred embodiment by spraying an oil or a liquid wax onto the mixture of the solid peroxide compound and the powdery carrier material.
In principle all physiologically applicable vegetable and animal oils, as well as synthetic oils, e.g. silicone oil, are suitable for the production of the bleaching powder of the present invention provided they do not affect the dissolving or dispersing properties of the aqueous hydrogen peroxide composition.
Suitable liquid waxes are particularly those having a melting point below 50° C. which may be sprayed onto the powdery premix of a solid persulfate and a carrier material.
The proportion of the oils or waxes in the composition according to the present invention is between about 2.5 to 25% by weight, especially between 5 and 15% by weight, most preferred around 8 to 12% by weight, based on the total composition.
The properties of the bleaching powder of the present invention may still be improved by admixture of low quantities of non-ionic surfactants. Particularly suitable surfactants include the well-known C12-C18-fatty alcohol polyglycol ethers, e.g. those comprising 3 to 15 EO units per mole, as well as alkylphenol polyglycol ethers, e.g. nonylphenol polyglycol ethers having about 4 to about 10 EO units per mole.
Their proportion is about 0.1 to 2.5% by weight, preferably 0.15 to 1, most preferred about 0.4 to 0.8% by weight, based on the total composition.
The blonding or bleaching composition for human hair according to the invention also comprises the known and usual ingredients in such preparations; in this context, reference is made to Schrader, l.c., to avoid repetition.
Suitable peroxides are particularly alkali persulfates such as potassium and ammonium persulfates, magnesium peroxide, urea peroxide, melamine peroxide, etc., as well as mixtures of the same.
According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the production of the bleaching composition is effected by spraying the oil or liquid wax onto the powder components. This takes place preferably at room temperature, i.e. the powdery ingredients should possibly not be heated over 30° C.
Another process of preparation is grinding the powdery ingredients and the oil or liquid wax, e.g. in a ball mill; however, for technical production preference is given to the above mentioned spraying procedure.
The particle size of the bleaching composition of the invention is usually below 500 micron, preferably below 400 micron ensuring excellent handling, i.e. blending with the aqueous hydrogen peroxide solution, prior to application onto human hair.
The application of the composition per se is conducted in the usual and known procedure: Mixing the powdery bleaching substance with a 6 to 12% solution of hydrogen peroxide wherein about 1 part of the powder is homogeneously mixed to about 1.5 parts of a preferably 9% hydrogen peroxide solution, and thereafter application to the hair for about 25 to about 45 minutes for processing.
The following examples illustrate the present invention.
______________________________________Example 1______________________________________Silica (diatomaceous earth) 3.20% by wt.Silica dioxide (pyrogenic SiO2) 5.30Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose 3.50Urea 2.00Sodium lauroyl sarcosinate 0.80Sodium stearate 1.20Sodium carbonate 1.00Sodium metasilicate 6.00Starch powder 3.50Potassium persulfate 58.00Magnesium peroxide 4.00Paraffin oil (Paraffinum per liquidum, DAB9) 11.50______________________________________
A dustfree powder is achieved which blends easily with a known 9%-solution of hydrogen peroxide in a weight proportion of 1:1.5. 99% of the particles have a diameter of less than 400 micron.
The production of the powder was effected by spraying paraffin oil onto the powder base at about 20° C. by fluidized solid technique.
The formulation of example 1 is changed inasmuch as 0.15% by weight of a C12-C14-fatty alcohol ethoxylate (abt. 6 ethoxylate units per mol) is added while reducing the paraffin oil content accordingly.
A free-flowing dustfree product is achieved which blends excellently with a 9%-solution of hydrogen peroxide.
The formulation of example 1 is changed inasmuch as 0.5% by weight of a nonylphenol ethoxylate (abt. 4 ethoxylate units per mol) is added while reducing the paraffin oil content accordingly. The bleaching powder achieved by this formulation is free-flowing, does not dust, and blends excellently with a 9%-solution of hydrogen peroxide.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3674902 *||Sep 27, 1968||Jul 4, 1972||Oreal||Hair cosmetic compositions containing non-ionic surface active agents|
|US3847830 *||Jan 17, 1972||Nov 12, 1974||Laporte Industries Ltd||Stabilizing peroxygen compounds by enveloping in a water-dispersible layer|
|US3951840 *||Apr 18, 1974||Apr 20, 1976||Kao Soap Co., Ltd.||Stable bleaching composition|
|US3975280 *||Mar 19, 1975||Aug 17, 1976||Henkel & Cie G.M.B.H.||Storage-stable, readily-soluble detergent additives, coating compositions and process|
|US4128494 *||Aug 5, 1977||Dec 5, 1978||Produits Chimiques Ugine Kuhlmann||Activators for percompounds|
|US4134850 *||May 6, 1976||Jan 16, 1979||Interox Chemicals Limited||Bleaching composition|
|US4170637 *||May 16, 1977||Oct 9, 1979||Redken Laboratories, Inc.||Frosting bleach composition|
|US4321301 *||Jan 10, 1978||Mar 23, 1982||Interox||Process for stabilizing particles of peroxygenated compounds|
|US4522739 *||Aug 17, 1981||Jun 11, 1985||Colgate-Palmolive Company||Activated peroxy compound bleaching compositions and bleaching detergent compositions and process of using same|
|US4844886 *||Jun 25, 1987||Jul 4, 1989||Wella Aktiengesellschaft||Cosmetic compositions with a content of hydrogenperoxide and alpha-bisabolol as well as use of alpha-bisabolol for the stabilization of hydrogenperoxide|
|US5258132 *||Mar 31, 1992||Nov 2, 1993||Lever Brothers Company, Division Of Conopco, Inc.||Wax-encapsulated particles|
|US5279313 *||Jun 6, 1991||Jan 18, 1994||Wella Aktiengesellschaft||Two component composition and method for bleaching hair|
|US5622691 *||Aug 30, 1996||Apr 22, 1997||L'oreal||Preparing pulverulent hair bleach of peroxygen oxidizer and polyoxyethylene/polyoxypropylene copolymer|
|US5783175 *||Aug 27, 1996||Jul 21, 1998||Cosmair, Inc.||Dust-free hair bleach powders|
|US5866107 *||Aug 30, 1995||Feb 2, 1999||Cosmair, Inc.||Dust free bleach|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US6302920 *||Nov 1, 1999||Oct 16, 2001||Goldwell Ag||Composition for dyeing and bleaching of human hair and process for its preparation|
|US6365136||Feb 3, 2000||Apr 2, 2002||Wella Aktiengesellschaft||Compositions for removing or lightening hair color|
|US6488918||Nov 28, 2001||Dec 3, 2002||Wella Aktiengesellschaft||Powdery cosmetic composition and method of making same|
|US6620408||Jun 21, 2002||Sep 16, 2003||Henkel Kommanditgesellschaft Auf Aktien||Bleaching composition|
|US6703004||Apr 3, 2002||Mar 9, 2004||Revlon Consumer Products Corporation||Method and compositions for bleaching hair|
|US6968849||Oct 15, 2002||Nov 29, 2005||Revlon Consumer Products Corporation||Method, compositions, and kits for coloring hair|
|US7001593||Jan 7, 2004||Feb 21, 2006||Revlon Consumer Products Corporation||Method and compositions for bleaching hair|
|US7189386||Jan 26, 2006||Mar 13, 2007||Revlon Consumer Products Corporation||Method and compositions for bleaching hair|
|US7220285||Apr 27, 2006||May 22, 2007||L'oreal S.A.||Pulverulent composition for bleaching human keratin fibers|
|US7232466||Feb 6, 2003||Jun 19, 2007||Revlon Consumer Products Corporation||Method and compositions for providing natural appearing hair color|
|US8187577 *||Jun 14, 2004||May 29, 2012||Kpss-Kao Professional Salon Services Gmbh||Composition for bleaching human hair|
|US8623339 *||Mar 20, 2012||Jan 7, 2014||Artec Chemical Company Limited||Hair bleaching composition and method for producing same|
|US20020157193 *||Feb 4, 2002||Oct 31, 2002||Frederic Legrand||Pulverulent composition for bleaching human keratin fibers|
|US20040011370 *||Oct 15, 2002||Jan 22, 2004||Vena Lou Ann Christine||Cosmetic applicator and storage container|
|US20040016064 *||Oct 15, 2002||Jan 29, 2004||Vena Lou Ann Christine||Method, compositions, and kits for coloring hair|
|US20040141931 *||Jan 7, 2004||Jul 22, 2004||Revlon Consumer Products Corporation||Method and compositions for bleaching hair|
|US20040154108 *||Feb 6, 2003||Aug 12, 2004||Saroja Narasimhan||Method and compositions for providing natural appearing hair color|
|US20050008591 *||Jun 14, 2004||Jan 13, 2005||Kpss-Kao Professional Salon Services Gmbh||Composition for bleaching human hair|
|US20050028833 *||Jul 13, 2004||Feb 10, 2005||Revlon Consumer Products Corporation||Method, compositions, and kits for coloring hair|
|US20060191081 *||Apr 27, 2006||Aug 31, 2006||L'oreal, S.A.||Pulverulent composition for bleaching human keratin fibers|
|US20060254001 *||Feb 27, 2006||Nov 16, 2006||Horst Hoeffkes||Stabilization of hydrogen peroxide during the dissolving of an alkalizing agent in hydrogen peroxide-containing systems|
|US20060269492 *||Jan 26, 2006||Nov 30, 2006||Saroja Narasimhan||Method and compositions for bleaching hair|
|US20070000070 *||Jun 30, 2005||Jan 4, 2007||Vena Lou Ann C||Method and kit for applying lowlights to hair|
|US20080229512 *||Jan 28, 2005||Sep 25, 2008||Syed Ali N||Conditioning Hair Lightener System, Compositions, Method and Kit Therefor|
|EP2090657A2||Aug 7, 2001||Aug 19, 2009||Centocor Ortho Biotech Inc.||Anti-IL-12 antibodies, compositions, methods and uses|
|EP2159230A1||Aug 7, 2001||Mar 3, 2010||Centocor Ortho Biotech Inc.||Anti-TNF antibodies, compositions, methods and uses|
|EP2253646A1||Aug 7, 2001||Nov 24, 2010||Centocor Ortho Biotech Inc.||Anti-dual integrin antibody and compositions and conjugates comprising said antibody|
|EP2305817A2||Aug 7, 2001||Apr 6, 2011||Centocor Ortho Biotech Inc.||Anti-IL-12 antibodies, compositions, methods and uses|
|EP2308888A1||Oct 26, 2002||Apr 13, 2011||Centocor Ortho Biotech Inc.||Anti-IL-6 antibodies, compositions, methods and uses|
|EP2330129A2||Aug 7, 2001||Jun 8, 2011||Centocor Ortho Biotech Inc.||Anti-TNF antibodies, compositions, methods and uses|
|EP2452694A1||Jun 30, 2006||May 16, 2012||Janssen Biotech, Inc.||Anti-IL-23 antibodies, compositions, methods and uses|
|EP2548577A1||Dec 28, 2006||Jan 23, 2013||Janssen Biotech, Inc.||Human anti-il-23 antibodies, compositions, methods and uses|
|EP2552393B1||Jan 27, 2011||Mar 4, 2015||Henkel AG & Co. KGaA||Lightener with lipophilic acylpyridinium complex|
|EP2649982A1 *||Mar 14, 2013||Oct 16, 2013||Artec Chemical Company Limited||Hair bleaching composition and method for producing same|
|EP2842968A1||Apr 28, 2006||Mar 4, 2015||Janssen Biotech, Inc.||Anti-IL-6 antibodies, compositions, methods and uses|
|EP3118318A1||Aug 7, 2001||Jan 18, 2017||Janssen Biotech, Inc.||Anti-tnf antibodies, compositions, methods and uses|
|WO2011100403A1||Feb 10, 2011||Aug 18, 2011||Immunogen, Inc||Cd20 antibodies and uses thereof|
|WO2011123507A1||Mar 30, 2011||Oct 6, 2011||Centocor Ortho Biotech Inc.||Humanized il-25 antibodies|
|WO2015097536A2||Dec 22, 2014||Jul 2, 2015||Janssen Pharmaceutical Nv||Anti-vista antibodies and fragments|
|WO2016207717A1||Jun 23, 2016||Dec 29, 2016||Janssen Pharmaceutica Nv||Anti-vista antibodies and fragments|
|U.S. Classification||424/62, 8/101, 252/186.27, 252/186.25, 424/DIG.3, 8/111|
|International Classification||A61K8/00, A61K8/31, A61K8/22, A61K8/92, A61K8/39, A61Q5/08|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S424/03, A61K8/39, A61K8/31, A61K8/02, A61Q5/08|
|European Classification||A61K8/39, A61K8/31, A61Q5/08, A61K8/02|
|Mar 3, 1993||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: GOLDWELL AG, GERMANY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNORS:LORENZ, HERIBERT;KUFNER, FRANK;REEL/FRAME:006488/0233
Effective date: 19930119
|May 26, 1998||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: GOLDWELL GMBH, GERMANY
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:GOLDWELL AG;REEL/FRAME:009211/0743
Effective date: 19941115
|Dec 18, 2002||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|May 19, 2007||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|May 13, 2011||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12