|Publication number||US5991673 A|
|Application number||US 08/774,945|
|Publication date||Nov 23, 1999|
|Filing date||Dec 27, 1996|
|Priority date||Dec 27, 1996|
|Publication number||08774945, 774945, US 5991673 A, US 5991673A, US-A-5991673, US5991673 A, US5991673A|
|Inventors||Philip J. Koopman, Jr., Roger D. Carroll|
|Original Assignee||Lear Automotive Dearborn, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (1), Referenced by (27), Classifications (5), Legal Events (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This invention generally relates to an anti-theft system for vehicles. More particularly, this invention relates to a system for inhibiting or preventing the theft of vehicle components by including a unique vehicle identifier on each component.
Vehicle theft is a substantial, widespread problem. Most often, when a vehicle is stolen it is dismantled into component parts, which are sold individually. An additional problem is that certain vehicle components, such as air-bags and stereos, are stolen from vehicles and later sold.
One attempt to reduce the ability to sell stolen vehicles and component parts has been to physically or mechanically etch a vehicle identification number onto certain portions of a vehicle. This approach has several shortcomings and drawbacks. First, physically etching in an identification number to a plurality of component parts typically proves prohibitively expensive. Further, physical etching is relatively easy for a thief to detect and, in many circumstances, alter. Moreover, there is no efficient way to verify that a particular component on a vehicle has a legitimate identification number without visually inspecting it, which may require removing that part from the vehicle. This makes the task of monitoring stolen parts prohibitively expensive.
This invention overcomes many of the short-fallings and drawbacks of the prior art. This invention provides an efficient method and system for identifying component parts of a vehicle. Moreover, a system designed according to this invention provides for easy monitoring for detecting stolen parts. Further, this invention includes a strategy for prohibiting a thief from altering an identification given to a component part, which discourages theft because it reduces the ability to sell a stolen part.
In general terms this invention is a vehicle security system for preventing or deterring the theft of vehicles and component parts that includes placing a vehicle identifier into a memory portion of each computer on board the vehicle. The system includes a multiplex communication link. A plurality of vehicle components each have a computer. The computers are coupled to the multiplex communication link. Each computer has a memory portion that includes a vehicle identifier that corresponds to a vehicle identification number of the vehicle. The multiplex communication link includes a monitoring port that is accessible from outside the vehicle. An interface device is connected to the monitoring port and used to access the computers that are connected to the communication link so that the vehicle identifier on each component part can be read.
The method of this invention includes three basic steps. First, a vehicle identification number is assigned to the vehicle. Second, a vehicle identifier that corresponds to the vehicle identification number is generated. Lastly, the vehicle identifier is stored in a read-only memory portion of each component part that includes a computer. The computer memories can later be accessed to determine whether a component part is on an appropriate vehicle.
The various features and advantages of this invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art from the following detailed description of the presently preferred embodiment. The drawings that accompany the detailed description can be described as follows.
FIG. 1 is a schematic illustration of an anti-theft system designed according to this invention.
FIG. 2 is a schematic illustration of a read only memory portion of a component part computer designed according to this invention.
FIG. 1 schematically illustrates a vehicle 20 that includes an anti-theft system 22. A plurality of vehicle component parts 24 through 34 either comprise a computer or include a computer. Each of the component part computers includes a read only memory portion 40 that is programmed to include a vehicle identification number associated with the vehicle 20 or an identifier corresponding to the vehicle identification number.
The computer of each component part is coupled to a multiplex bus line 42, which can be any conventional multiplex communication link. Examples of suitable multiplexed communication links include the known SAE J-1850 protocol and the CAN protocol. A vehicle monitoring port 44 is also coupled to the multiplex communication link 42. An external monitoring device 46 is used to communicate through the vehicle monitoring port 44 to access the multiplex communication link 42. The external monitoring device 46 preferably includes a visual display for indicating information that is obtained from the various component parts of the vehicle and further preferably includes a data base that facilitates determining whether an identifier programmed into each component part computer memory is valid or appropriate.
The coupling 48 between the monitoring device 46 and the monitoring port 44, schematically illustrated in FIG. 1, can be any conventional hard wiring arrangement or a radio frequency communication arrangement, for example. The external monitoring device facilitates quickly and efficiently determining whether any of the component parts that are connected to the multiplex communication link 42 were inappropriately installed on the vehicle 20.
The read only memory portion 40 preferably is a one-time programmable read only memory. In the presently preferred embodiment, the memory portion 40 includes metal fuses that are blown with a high voltage. The memory portion 40 is only programmable so long as the corresponding metal fuse or fuses is not blown. Accordingly, once the memory portion 40 is appropriately programmed, the appropriate fuse or fuses is blown to prevent alteration of or tampering with the contents of the memory portion 40. Accordingly, the memory portion 40 is a non-volatile, tamper-resistant memory that stores an identifier corresponding to a vehicle identification number, which is either impossible or very difficult to alter.
In the presently preferred embodiment, all component parts are manufactured with a blank or empty memory portion 40. The vehicle identification number value preferably is programmed into the component parts at the end of an assembly line. This can be accomplished because each of the computers are connected to the multiplex communication link 42 and, therefore, can be accessed through the vehicle monitoring port 44. Programming in the vehicle identification number values at the end of the vehicle assembly process provides the advantage of eliminating a need for coordinating parts to vehicles during assembly procedures.
Legitimately manufactured replacement component parts preferably initially have a blank memory portion 40. This memory portion can remain blank or be programmed with a vehicle identification number after that component part is installed on a vehicle.
A system designed according to this invention has many advantages and potential uses. For example, an insurance company representative could use an external monitoring device 46 to test and determine whether replacement parts used at a repair shop are authentic, dealer-approved component parts. Similarly, a vehicle identification number value data base provides the ability to determine whether replacement parts that were used were stolen from another vehicle. Those skilled in the art will realize other advantages and applications for a system designed according to this invention.
Although vehicle identification numbers provide an exact way to match up a component part with an appropriate vehicle, in many circumstances it is useful to program a separate vehicle identifier into the memory portions 40. Current vehicle identification number format includes seventeen alphanumeric characters. This provides 1.7×1024 possible combinations. 81 bits of computer memory are required where a full 17 character identification number is implemented. Providing that much memory in the memory portion 40 may prove prohibitively expensive in certain circumstances. Accordingly, this invention includes a method of encoding a vehicle identification number that salves memory and, therefore, reduces the costs associated with a system for implementing this invention.
FIG. 2 schematically illustrates a preferred example of the read only memory portion 40. The memory portion 40 is divided into three sections, a first section 50, a second section 52 and a third section 53. In the preferred embodiment, the first section 50 includes 26 bits. A vehicle identifier preferably is stored in the first section 50. The vehicle identifier is generated using a cyclic redundancy code or other conventional hash function value. The vehicle identifier has a direct correspondence to the vehicle identification number assigned to the vehicle at the time of manufacture. Providing a twenty-six bit identifier that corresponds to a vehicle identification number appears to be sufficient to avoid having more than one vehicle identification number correspond to the same vehicle identifier. Having twenty-six bits available for the vehicle identifier, assuming that the cyclic redundancy code function provides a uniform hash distribution of vehicle identification numbers, results in a one in 67 million chance of a vehicle identifier corresponding to an inappropriate vehicle identification number. Embodiments where greater odds of an accidental match are required may include more than twenty-six bits of memory in the first memory section 50.
The memory portion 40 is made tamper-proof by utilizing read only memory. As mentioned above, one-time programmable read only memory is preferred. One time programmable read only memory initially begins with all bits set at one polarity (typically either positive or negative). As the vehicle identifier is programmed into the first memory section 50, the polarity of certain bits is altered. In one example, the first memory section 50 includes all bits having a 1 (positive) value. As the vehicle identifier is programmed into the first section 50, certain of the bits are blown or changed to a 0 (negative) value. The number of bits with a changed polarity is programmed into the second memory section 52 after the first section has been programmed.
The second memory section 52 preferably includes five bits that are utilized to indicate the number of bits in the first section 50 having a chosen polarity after the vehicle identifier has been programmed. The combination of the first section 50 and the second section 52 provides an indicator of tampering of the memory portion 40. The vehicle identifier in the first section 50 can only be altered by changing the polarity of one or more bits within the first section 50. This would increase the number of bits having a changed polarity, which would no longer match the number indicated in the second section 52.
The second section 52 preferably begins with the five bits having an opposite polarity from the initial polarity of the bits within the first section 50 to provide enhanced tamper-resistant characteristics. Under these circumstances, if someone altered the contents of the first section 50 without altering the contents of the second section 52, tampering would be evident. Further, if one attempted to alter the contents of both sections, tampering is still evident. Blowing additional bits in the first section 50 would result in more negative polarity bits, for example. While blowing additional bits in the second section 52 would result in less negative polarity bits. Accordingly, any alteration of the first section 50 or the second section 52 indicates that the contents of the memory portion have been tampered.
In the illustrated embodiment, the memory portion 40 includes a third section 53. The third section 53 preferably includes one bit that is left unaltered on original equipment and blown for replacement equipment. This third section, therefore, provides a convenient way of indicating originally installed equipment or authorized replacement parts.
In another example, the memory portion 40 includes the vehicle identifier and a fuse that is blown to inhibit further writing to the read only memory portion. Since this capability may not be available on microcontrollers that are included in many vehicle component parts, the cyclic redundancy code approach that is described above likely has more widespread usefulness.
Another example includes having a single original-replacement bit that initially has a 1 (positive) value. When a component part is installed as original equipment, the single bit is blown or given a 0 (negative) value. Therefore, the single bit represents a proof of purchase for legitimate replacement parts that would be absent from any component part taken from a stolen or junked vehicle. The latter embodiment is most useful to insurance companies that desire to deter the theft of component parts and would only accept new component parts during authorized vehicle repair, for example.
Coupling all of the memory portions 40 to the communication link 42 and providing the vehicle monitoring port 44 provides authorized individuals or agencies with the ability to quickly, efficiently and accurately determine whether any component parts on a particular vehicle are stolen or were inappropriately installed depending on the circumstances.
The preceding description is exemplary rather than limiting in nature. Variations and modifications to the disclosed embodiment may become apparent to those skilled in the art that do not necessarily depart from the purview and spirit of this invention. Accordingly, the following claims must be studied to determine the scope of legal protection afforded this invention.
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|U.S. Classification||701/29.6, 701/34.3|
|Dec 27, 1996||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: UNITED TECHNOLOGIES AUTOMOTIVE, INC., MICHIGAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:KOOPMAN, PHILIP J.;CARROLL, ROGER D.;REEL/FRAME:008358/0118
Effective date: 19961212
|Apr 6, 1998||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: UT AUTOMOTIVE DEARBORN, INC., MICHIGAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:UNITED TECHNOLOGIES AUTOMOTIVE, INC.;REEL/FRAME:009083/0924
Effective date: 19980330
|Jul 9, 1999||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: LEAR AUTOMOTIVE DEARBORN, INC., MICHIGAN
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:UT AUTOMOTIVE DEARBORN, INC.;REEL/FRAME:010061/0393
Effective date: 19990528
|May 22, 2003||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Jun 23, 2006||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: JPMORGAN CHASE BANK, N.A., AS GENERAL ADMINISTRATI
Free format text: SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:LEAR AUTOMOTIVE DEARBORN, INC.;REEL/FRAME:017823/0950
Effective date: 20060425
|Jun 7, 2007||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Nov 23, 2007||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Jan 15, 2008||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20071123
|Apr 17, 2014||AS||Assignment|
Free format text: RELEASE BY SECURED PARTY;ASSIGNOR:JPMORGAN CHASE BANK, N.A.;REEL/FRAME:032712/0428
Effective date: 20100830
Owner name: LEAR AUTOMOTIVE DEARBORN, INC., MICHIGAN