|Publication number||US599495 A|
|Publication date||Feb 22, 1898|
|Filing date||Feb 3, 1897|
|Publication number||US 599495 A, US 599495A, US-A-599495, US599495 A, US599495A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (10), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet l.
J. DUREL 8v J. A. DROUARD. PATTBN PoR BRUSHES PoR WAXINS FLOORS.
No. 599,495. Patented Feb. 22, 1898.
2 Sheets-Sheet 2.
J. DUREL & J. A. DROUARD. PATTBN FOR BRUSHES POR WAXING FLOORS.
No. 599,495. Patented Feb. 22, 1898.
FIGJL- (No Model.)
llivrrnn Srnrns arman Erica.
JEANNE DUREL AND JEAN ADOLPHE DROUARD, OF PARIS, FRANCE.
PATTEN FOR BRUSHES FOR WXHNG FLOORS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 599,495, dated February 22, 1898. Application iile February 3, 1897. Serial No. 621,741. (No model.) Patented in France December 26, 1896, No. 262,570.
To ctZZ- whom it may concern,.-
Be it known that we, JEANNE DUREE, of 7 Boulevard Denain, and JEAN ADOLPHE DROUARD, of 156 Rue Marcadet, Paris, in the Republic of France, have invented new Improvements in Pattens for Brushes for VaX- ing Floors, (for which we have obtained Letters Patent of France for fifteen years, No. 262,570, dated December 26, 1896,) of which the following is a full and exact description, reference being made to the accompanying drawings.
Our invention relates to a system of pattens for brushes for waxing French or inlaid floors, the said pattens being applicable to all brushes and adaptedto fit all feet, while the foot remains flexible and supple.
By using our patten the work to be done by the brusher becomes easier, is done in less time, and can be done by a person not accustomed to it.
In the accompanying drawings we give different views of two arrangements of a brush provided with the patten we have invented, the first of the two arrangements comprising a metal patten and the second one a wooden patten.
Figure l of the said drawings is an elevation of the brush provided with a metal patten which is shown as being attached to the foot. Fig. 2 is a plan view of the metal patten and the brush, the foot not being in the patten. Fig. 3 is a longitudinal section on the line l 2 of Fig. 2, the plate or movable sole of the patten inclined with respect to the brush; and Figs. Il, 5, and 6 are similar to Figs. l, 2, and 3, but of the wooden patten.
Our patten consists, essentially and in every case, of two plates either full or open and which are pivoted one to the other in a variable manner, one of the plates being always fixed to the top of the brush and the other forming a movable sole with heel-piece and which is adapted to be suitably attached to the foot of whatever size the latter may be.
In the case of the metal patten, Figs. l, 2, and 3, the plate a is fixed by screws, nails, or any other suitable means to the top of the waxing-brush c. Its longitudinal edges d d are raised vertically, and one of the said edges is provided with holes a', while the other edge d is only cut with rack-like notches, the inside of which is hollowed out, as at a2.
The plate or movable sole b is pivoted to the fixed plate a and can be adapted to the foot of the brusher, and for that purpose it is provided at its forward end with two side tr unnions or pins @and c', the former of which engages with one of the holes a of the plate a and the latter with one of the corresponding hollowed-out notches a2 of the rack. At the other end of the sole l) is hinged a vertical heel-piece f, to the upper edge of which is fixed a metal band g, to which can be attached a leather strap 7L, intended to be passed around the instep of the foot to iix the patten on. The width of the sole b is such as to allow of its passing freely down between the raised edges of the fixed plate a, as shown in Fig. 2.
The hollowed-out notches a2 of the rack d are wider at the bottom than at the top and the trunnions or pins e e of the sole h are slightly iattened, so as to be parallel to the faces of the said sole, so that as the trunnion or pin e' is put in its place in any one of the notches a2 by holding the plate or sole l) upright the said trunnion or pin e can no longer be forced out of the said notch when the work of waxing is being done, the sole l) then remaining in nearly a horizontal position.
As the heel-piece f is hinged to the sole b and as the latter is pivoted to the plate a, the brushers foot remains quite flexible and supple when the work is being done, while a reciprocating horizontal movement is given to the brush, which does not move up from the floor, the result being the greatest amount of work is done in the shortest space of time. The forward part of the foot is held on the brush by the ordinary strap 7c, which is fixed to the sides of the brush, and the sole h is preferably provided all around with an upright edge b', which serves as a frame for the foot and allows of the patten being well adapted to the latter.
As the trunnions or pins of the sole l) can be put in any one of the holes a of the edge d and in any one of the notches a2 of the rack d', the patten can be made to suit any size of IOO foot, the only thing required being to move the heel-piece f away from or toward the strap 7c, which passes around the instep.
By referring to Figs. 4, 5, and 6 it will be seen that the wooden patten also comprises a flat piece aX, which is fixed by screws, nails, pegs, or glue even to the top of the waxingbrush c, and a wooden sole bx, which is pivoted to the. piece a. The said flat piece of wood @X has on one side a wide rectangular mortise m and the sole b has a tenon n of correspond ing shape and which registers with the said mortise, its length being equal to the depth of the latter. The fixed flat piece 00X is pierced through and'through and crosswise by holes m along the mortise, and in the end of the tenon is a hole n', having the same diameter and which can be brought to register with any one of the holes m. A pin or plug 0, which is put in these holes, serves to hinge the sole b to the fiat piece ax. To t this patten on, the peg o is taken out and, according to the length' of the foot, the sole b is drawn more or less back, the tenon n sliding in the mortise m, and then the peg is put into the corresponding hole. Vhen thefoot is shorter, or when the patten is left unused, the tenon vn is fully engaged in the mortise m. A place l is cut in the back end of the sole b to receive the lower end of the wooden heel-piece fx, and the two pieces are jointed together by means of a leather strip or band p, nailed to the back of the said heel-piece and to the lower face of the sole. The strap 7c, surrounding the instep, is fixed in the same manner as in the metal patten, and the strap b.X for the upper part of the foot is simply nailed to the upper end of the heel-piece and on the inside of the latter.
The flat piece ax and the sole bX can be of different thicknesses, according to the kind of wood used, and both pieces may be more or less hollowed out, so as to give them a shape to fit the foot.
l. A patten for brushes for waxing floors, adapted to be adjusted to any size foot and while connecting the brush to the foot permits the latter to remain fiexible and supple, the same consisting of two plates or flat pieces jointed to each other at points which may be varied, one of said plates adapted to be secured to the top of the brush and the other plate forming a sole-rest and provided with a heel-piece, and appliances for connecting said plate to the foot.
2. A patten having a xed plate provided with iianges, one of which is pierced by holes and the other provided with notches which register with the said holes, and a movable plate orsole having trunnions or pins adapted to fit in the holes and notches of the fixed plate, the said sole being provided with a hinged heel-piece having a strap adapted to be passed around the lower part of the leg of the user, substantially as set forth.
3. The combination with a waxing-brush having a plate secured to its top, of a solepiece pivoted to said fixed plate, a heel-piece secured at the back of the sole-piece, an attaching-strap secured to the upper part of said heel-piece, and a strap fixed to the brush and adapted to pass over the instep of the foot, substantially as set forth.
4. The combination with a waxing-brush having secured to its top surface a plate provided with longitudinal edges raised vertically, one of said edges having a series of holes a and the other a series of rack-like notches, a2, of a sole-plate of less width than said fixed plate and provided at its forward end with trunnions or pins e e which are adapted to engage with aforesaid holes and notches, a vertical heel-piece hinged to said sole-plate and provided at its upper edge with a band g, an attaching-strap secured to said band, and a strap secured to the brush and adapted to be secured around the instep of the foot, substantially as set forth.
In witness whereof we have hereunto set our hands in presence of two Witnesses.
JEANNE DUREL. JEAN ADOLPl-IE DROUARD. WVitnesses:
Guo. LAURENs, EUG. WATTIN.
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