|Publication number||US5995616 A|
|Application number||US 08/780,331|
|Publication date||Nov 30, 1999|
|Filing date||Jan 8, 1997|
|Priority date||Jan 20, 1993|
|Publication number||08780331, 780331, US 5995616 A, US 5995616A, US-A-5995616, US5995616 A, US5995616A|
|Inventors||Anders Olof Lindstrom, Anna Kristina Bostrom, Hans Magnus Broberg|
|Original Assignee||Telefonaktiebolget Lm Ericsson|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Classifications (18), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application is a continuation-in-part of U.S. application Ser. No. 08/182,820 filed Jan. 19, 1994, now abandoned. This application also claims priority from Swedish Patent Application No. 9300155-0 that is dated Jan. 20, 1993 and that is expressly incorporated herein by reference.
The present invention relates to communication between a telephone exchange, typically a private branch exchange, and telephone sets connected thereto.
In private branch exchanges, where communication between the exchange and the telephone sets connected thereto is performed in a digital way and by means of Serial communication, serial control information, which is sent, e.g., from a telephone set to the telephone exchange, must be converted to another suitable form, e.g., paraellel form, in order to be able to be processed by control circuits associated with the exchange and in certain cases the control logic of the telephone exchange itself. Also, the corresponding control information, which is issued from the telephone exchange, must be converted from the internal digital format of the exchange to serial signals on the line near the telephone sets connected to the exchange. Therefore, for each telephone set coupled to the exchange and its connecting line a line circuit is arranged performing conversion of the signals to a format suitable to the receiver. Such conversion circuits have been known for a long time as conventional construction elements and they perform conversion from digital signals in parallel form to digital signals forwarded in a serial form and the opposite.
The provision of a conversion unit for each telephone line may be rather costly, in particular considered from the viewpoint that each conversion unit in many cases is not used very often. An alternative solution to the conversion problem is then that a number of telephone sets share one common conversion unit. This solution can, however, result in problems, when several telephone sets in a group are to use, at the same time, the common conversion unit.
Prior conversion systems are described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,726,054; No. 4,325,147; No. 4,630,232; and No. 4,365,293.
It is an object of the invention to provide a telephone network and exchange having a reduced number of conversion units and still giving a high degree of service.
According to the invention a telephone exchange and a telephone exchange network are provided having an enhanced capacity and an improved flexibility in the communication with the individual telephone sets coupled to the telephone exchange.
Instead of arranging a number of telephone lines to share a common conversion unit, a number of telephone lines share a common conversion unit as in the alternative solution mentioned above, a number of telephone sets are arranged to share a number of conversion units, the number of conversion units thus being greater than one. If in a prior telephone exchange layout one conversion unit were arranged for four telephone lines, instead, e.g., four conversion units can be arranged for a group of 16 telephone lines. The assignment of a conversion unit for a message or a digital signal sequence issued from or to be forwarded to a telephone set is performed by means of specific control means and switches or multiplexers/demutiplexers controlled by the control means. By means of such an arrangement a high degree of service can be provided or communication with the individual telephone sets at a reasonable cost.
In particular, there is in a telephone network a telephone exchange having a number of telephone sets coupled to the exchange. A first kind of information, such as the control information mentioned above, has such a form that for its communication between the exchange and/or control logic arranged in or at the exchange and the telephone sets a conversion unit is required. A number of telephone sets are coupled to the exchange unit through a common line board and they are thus collected in a group. On each such line board, for a group, there are several conversion units of the kind mentioned above. The number of such conversion units can preferably be smaller than the number of telephone sets in the group and is always greater than one. Control means on the line board control switch units which are connected between the conversion unit and the exchange unit itself and between the conversion units and the telephone sets in the group, such that when the mentioned information of the first kind must be converted, it is assigned a signal path through a suitable, not occupied conversion unit.
The communication to and from the telephone sets is preferably performed only serially at the lines near the telephone sets and then certain serial signals sequences represent the mentioned first information or control information and other signal sequences acoustic information, which is forwarded between the telephone set and the exchange and also other "user information" such as information sent from and to a data modem connected at a telephone set.
The invention will now be described by way of an exemplary embodiment, given only for illustrating the invention, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIG. 1 is a block diagram of the communication between a telephone exchange and the telephone sets connected thereto according to prior art; and
FIG. 2 is a block diagram of the communication between a telephone exchange and the telephone sets connected thereto having enhanced conversion capabilities.
A prior art system for connecting telephone sets digitally to an exchange is illustrated in FIG. 1. A number of telephone sets 1 are thus connected to an exchange unit 3 such as a private branch exchange or PBX. The communication of all signals and messages between the telephone set 1 and the central exchange unit 3 is performed digitally. Thus, acoustic information like a spoken message in a microphone belonging to a telephone set 1 in some way is converted to digital form, e.g., by means of pulse code modulation PCM. In the corresponding way a suitable digital signal sequence, which is forwarded through the exchange 3 and was originally received from a telephone set 1, is converted to an acoustic message and is transferred to the loudspeaker associated with another telephone set 1. This information is also forwarded basically serially to and from the telephone sets 1 and exchange 3.
Also digital information, which originates from or is received by a user through for instance a telephone modem (not shown) connected at a telephone set 1, is forwarded serially from and to the telephone set.
In addition to such information which a user wishes to transfer, i.e., send or receive, between the telephone sets 1 and the exchange unit 3 also other signal or control information is communicated. Typical of such information is a signal sent from a telephone set, by a person dialling a connection number when it is to establish communication with another telephone set, which is, e.g., also connected to the exchange unit 3. In addition the exchange 3 can in the conventional way be connected to the public telephone network (not shown).
From the individual telephone sets 1 lines 5, which allow bidirectional communication, lead to a line board or line card 7, which is connected to the exchange unit 3 and in the conventional way is mounted in a socket (not shown) provided therefor in the exchange. The lineboard 7 performs the signal processing which is necessary in order to separate the different kinds of forwarded digital information and to convert this information to suitable electric representations. Inside the exchange unit 3 then the various digital messages are communicated, which represent acoustic messages and other use messages, between ports 9 of the exchange unit 3.
The line board 7 comprises a line unit 11 for each connected telephone set 1 with its associated connection line 5. In the line unit 1 the digital information representing different kinds of control information is separated from the digital information representing acoustic messages and other user information, in the digital signal stream originating from the telephone set. The signal stream is in the conventional way of the serial type. The serial information representing a small portion of an acoustic message or of another user information, is transferred to a register 13 for an intermediate storing therein, before this portion is forwarded to the port 9 of the exchange unit 3 to be transferred to another port or possibly the same port of the exchange unit 3. All line units 11 on the line board 7 are connected to the same register 13. Suitable functions are arranged here to keep an account of the various signal sequences originating from different telephone sets 1, e.g., by arranging that predetermined, periodically repeated time slots are assigned to each telephone set.
The line units 11 transfer the serial information corresponding to control signals originating from a telephone set through a multiplexor/demultiplexor 15 to a combined serial-to-parallel and parallel-to-serial converter 17 controlled by a micro processor 19. The serial digital signal sequence received by the bidirected converter 17 is converted therein to a parallel form and is fetched from the converter 17 by the microprocessor 19. The microprocessor 19 processes the received information. If this information contains, e.g., a request of establishing a connection to another connecting point, the microprocessor 19 forwards a message thereof to the exchange unit 3 on a connection line 21 of the exchange. In the opposite case the microprocessor 19 sends control information to a telephone set 1 through the bidirected converter 15 converting the information to a serial form. By controlling the multiplexor/demultiplexor 15 appropriately, the serial information is then forwarded to the correct line unit 11, which is connected to the desired telephone set 1.
In the system of FIG. 1, all telephone sets 1 connected to the same line board 7 use the same converter 15, which can be very impractical when each line board is used for a large number of extensions. Instead of using a shared common conversion unit, the telephone sets 1 connected to the same board 7 can be arranged to share a number of conversion units and a system using this design is illustrated in FIG. 2.
Here a plurality of converters 17 are provided, working in parallel with each other. Only a small number of such bidirected converters 17 are arranged, i.e., the number thereof is generally a small part of the total number of connected telephone sets 1. A practical example may be that 16 different telephone sets 1 are connected to one line board 7 and that the line board 7 contains four bidirected converters 17. The multiplexor/demultiplexor or switch unit 15' is modified to provide switching from any one of the telephone line units 11 to each one of the converters 17 and from any of the converters 17 to each one of the line units 11. A serial digital control signal sequence from a telephone set is routed to a non-occupied or non-busy bidirected converter 17 as controlled by the processor 19, the processor issuing a suitable control signal to the switch unit 15'. For that purpose the processor 19 uses a table stored in a memory 22. The table has a marking for each converter 17 signifying whether it is non-busy, "null", or a figure denoting the line unit 11 or its associated telephone set 1 which presently uses this converter 17.
The serial signal sequence, in the selected converter 17 is converted to a parallel form and is fetched from the converter 17 through a second multiplexer/demultiplexer or switch unit 23 by the microprocessor 19. The second switch unit 23 allows switching between any of the converters 17 and the microprocessor 19. The microprocessor 19 processes the received information. If this information contains, e.g., a request of establishing a connection to another connection point, the microprocessor 19 forwards a message thereof to the exchange unit 3 on the connection line 21 to the exchange.
Several of the components on the line board 7, e.g., the two switches 15', 23, the bidirected converters 19, and the register 13, can suitably be constructed as a signal integrated circuit 25.
In the opposite case, when the microprocessor 19 is to send control information to a telephone set 1, the microprocessor 19, by means of a control line to the second switch 23, selects a signal path to a non-occupied bidirected converter 17. In it the information from the microprocessor 19 is converted to a serial form and is then forwarded through the first switch 15', controlled by a signal on a control line from the microprocessor 19, to the correct line unit 11, which is connected to the desired telephone set 1.
If a connected telephone set 1 is to be given a particularly high priority, this telephone set 1 can be more or less permanently assigned its own bidirected converter 17. Thereby it is ensured that control messages to and from this telephone set always can be processed rapidly by the line board 7.
For controlling the various components a system clock signal is provided on a line 27 from the exchange 3. The clock signal is delivered to an intermediate register 13, the processor 19, the converters 17, and the line units 11. It controls the timing of the digital bits forwarded and the start of frames used for the transmission of information between the line units, the register 13, the exchange 3, and the start of time slots present in each frame, each slot, e.g., being used by a predetermined one of the line units 11.
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|U.S. Classification||379/290, 370/431, 379/399.02|
|Cooperative Classification||H04Q2213/13213, H04Q2213/13036, H04Q2213/13103, H04Q2213/1304, H04Q2213/13292, H04Q2213/1332, H04Q2213/13106, H04Q2213/1322, H04Q2213/13405, H04Q3/625, H04Q2213/1309, H04Q2213/1302, H04Q2213/13322|
|Jun 5, 1997||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ERICSSON, SWEDEN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:LINDSTROM, ANDERS OLOF;BOSTROM, ANNA KRISTINA;BROBERG, HANS MAGNUS;REEL/FRAME:008567/0051
Effective date: 19970521
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