US 601495 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
i (No Model.) 4 Sheets-Sheet 1.
G. A. CORNELL 8: B. S. ROBISON.
' WINDING MACHINE.
N0. (IO/1,495.. Patented Mar. 29, 1898.
.(No Model!) 4 SheetsSheet 2.
0. A. CORNELL & E; s. ROBISON.
' WINDING MACHINE.
Nd. 601,495. I I Patnted Mar. 29, 1898.
1 4, 1 4 l LI I-I I n r in 3/ WITNESSES MUM //V VENTORS 4 Sheets-Sheet 3..
TPatented Mar. 29, 1898', v j
. %/IV VENTORS A TTOHNE Q (No Model.) G. A. CORNELL 82; ILS. ROBISON.
- WINDING MACHINE. No. 601,495.
(N l.) 4 Sh'eets-Shet 4.
G. A. CORNELL & E. S. ROBISON.
No. 601,495. Patented Mar. 29, 1898.
a UNITE STATES PATENT CI-IATINC-EY ALLEN CORNELL AND ELMER STATES ROBISON, OF PITTSFIELD, MASSACHUSETTS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 601,495, dated March 29,1898. 'Appliostlon filed June 12,1897- Berls-l No. 640,469. (No model.)
.To'all whom it may concern.-
Beit known that we, GHAoNcEv ALLEn CORNELL and ELMER STATES RoBIsoN, of
Pittsfield, ir the county of Berkshire and State of Massachusetts, have-invented a new and Improved \Vinding-Machine,0f which the.
follow-ingis a full,clear, and exact description.
sired length, the machine-being" durable in 'constructi'onsaintomatic in operation, and arrangedfo'r adjustment for winding up rolls of different lengths.
Our invention consists of certain features which will be hereinafter described and claimed."
Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification,
tional side elevation of one of the bearings for the winding-roller, and Fig. Sis a side ele-- vation of a modified form of a driving-gearfor the feed-rolls.
The improved winding-machine is mounted upon a suitably-constructed frame A,in which is journaled a transversely-extending shaft B, carrying a frame B, formed with sets ofoppositely-arranged arms 13 B in the outer ends of which are journaled winding-up roll-- ers 0, each adapted to receive the paper D and wind the same in a roll during the time the-frame is ata standstill," as indicated ,in
. The frame as hereinafter more fully described, and an intermittent rotary motion is' 'gi ven to, the feed. mechanism for the paper from the Fig. 6 is a reduced plan .view of the paper-starting device for the -winding-roller. --Fig.] 7 is an enlarged see w B receives an intermittent rotary motion'in the direction of the arrow a,
same source supplying motion to the said frame, but at a different period, so that the frameB is at a standstill while the feed is and guiding roller G is journaled in the sides of the frame A.in front of the roller F to rec'eive. paper or other material from a wallpaper-making or other machine,the said roller serving to properly guide the paper to the first set of feeding-rollers F F. A cutting device His arranged between the sets of feedrollers' EB and F F, and the paperpasses over tables I 1 between the sets of feed-rollers F- F and E E, the adjacent edges of the said feed-tables being a. sufficient distance apart for the cutting mechanism to-op'erate and cut the paper for the desired length'of roll 7 5 to be formed.
The paper after it passes through the lastfeed-rollers E E is guided downwardly bye. 1 transversely-extending bar I to pass upon the winding-up roller 0 between a'guide-baf '86" J, made segmental in cross-section, one edge" of which is adapted to press the paper in contact with the peripheral surface'of the wind;
ing-up roller 0, which latter is preferably formed with a flattened side 0', as-is plainly indicated inthe drawings. A second guide" bar K, similar to the guide-bar J, is arranged over the winding-up roller 0 and likewise presses with one edge against the paper, so
as to hold the same in contact with the said '90 winding-up roller 0 and causetheend of the" paper to pass under the second layerof paper passing through the feed-rollers between the table I and bar J upon the said roller.
- On the inside of. each winding-up roller 0, '95 isarranged a pressure-roller L, adapted 'to press the layers of paper during the windingup process, so as to insure the formation of' a tight smooth roll, the said pressure-roller being yieldingly mounted, as hereinafter more fully described, so as to move inward as theroll increases in size. The guide-bars J and K swing outwardly by the action of cams as the size of the roll increases, as hereinafter more fully described.
The frameB, the feed rollersE F, the cut- 5 ting mechanism H, and the guide-bars J K I receive their motions from avmain drivingshaft N, journaled on one side of the frame and provided at its outer end with a pulley N, connected by a belt with other machinery :0 for imparting a continuous motion to the shaft N. I
The shaft N is provided at its inner end with a gear-wheel N 2 inmesh with a pinion 0 secured on one end of the winding-up roller 0, so that the rotary motion of the gearwheel N is transmitted to the pinion G to rotate the roller 0 and wind the paper. The pinion C is in mesh with the outer side of thegear-wheel N, as plainly indicated in Fig.
2, to permit the pinion C to pass into and out of mesh with the said gear-wheel when the frame B is rotated in the direction of the arrow a. When the pinion O? is in full mesh with the said gear-wheel, as shown in Figs.
1, 2, and 3, then the said frame is. held stationary for the time'being to cause the gearwheel N to rotate the said pinion and revolve the roller 0, as previously explained.
When moving into mesh with the gear-wheel N and during the time the frame B is stationary, the pinion C also meshes with a gear-wheel E secured on the lowermost feed- 1 roller-E, so that this feed-roller is rotatedfrom the pinion'O during the time the paper is wound on the roller 0. The gear-wheel E i is in mesh with an intermediate gear-wheel E in mesh with a gear-wheel F on the feedroller F, so that the latter is rotated simultaneously with the feed-roller E to feed the paper as long as the winding-up roller 0 is rotating. When the frame B moves out of mesh with both gear-wheels N E ,-so that the pinion C is not driven and does not drive the feed mechanism, which thereby remains at a standstill-during the rotary motion of the frame B.
In order to rotate the frame B from the shaft N,we provide the latter with a pinion N, forming part of a train of gear-wheels 0 0 0 of which the'latter is secured on a shaft P, car- I rying a disk P, supporting a tooth P engagingastar-wheel P secured on the shaft B forthe frame B. The star-wheel P has as sequently each revolution of the wheel or disk P' imparts by the tooth P a greater revoluplained. The number of revolutions neces-' sary for rotating the disk P once for a number of revolutions of the shaft N can be regulated by changing the gears composing the s train of gear-wheels, so that more orlesspal per is wound upon a roller 0 to'form a'rol'lstar-wheel .1, so 'as to turn the same;
is rotated, the pinion C n .many slots for the tooth P to engage as therepresets of arms B B in the frame B, and conaccording to the desired length of paper desired for a single roll. The peripheral surface of thestar-wheel P is curved to conform between'its slots with the peripheral surface of a locking-wheel P formed on the disk P, so that the frame is locked in position during its stationary period, it being understood that the parts referred to form a locked intermittent movement' of a well-knownconstru'ction;
Thecutt-ing mechanism H is provided with a stationary knife H and a 'vertically-movable knife H adapted to cut the paper between the feed-tables I I .j ust previous to'a rotary motion being given to the frame B. The knife H is secured on a transverselyextending knife-bar H ,'adjustably secured at its ends on rods Ht, fitted to slide in-suitable bearings attached to the sides of the frame A.: The rods H are pressed on by springs H in a downward direction, and the lower ends of the said rods are in frictional contact with the' peripheral surface'of camwheels H secured on a transversely-extend ing'shaft Q, journaledin suitable bearings in the sides of the frame A.
\- In the peripheral surface of the wheels H are formed notches H timed relatively to the 7 locked intermittent movement above referred to, so that the rods H drop into 'the said notches H by the'action of the springs H to move the knife H downward and cut the paper just previous to thetooth P? en gaging Sale I shaft Q, carrying the said wheels H rotates in unison with the shaft P,and for this purpose the shaft Qiis'provided with a sprocketwheel Q, over which passes a sprocket-chain Q also passing over a sprocket-wheel Q securedto the said shaft P. The cam J 5 receives the required movement for guiding-the bars J and K, and for this purpose the guide- .bar J is secured on arms J, attached to a shaft J mounted to turn in suitable bearings in the sides of the frame A. From the arms J extends outwardly and rearwardly an arm J supporting a weight J 4 for holding the bar J in firm contact with the paper.
The arms J areadapted to be engaged by cams J secured on the shaft Q, previously mentioned, the said cams beinglshaped in such a manner as to impart a downward swing -ing motion to the arms J and the barJ as the roller C fills with paper; the said cams thus compensating for the increase in the thickness of the rolls. The'cams J also serve'to hold the bar J in a lowermost position during' the time the roller 0 with its finished roll of paper thereon swings downward. with the frame B, the said' bar J immediately returning to engage the next empty roller 0 to holdv the end of the paper thereon when starting to wind the paper on a second roller. The
other bar K is carried by an arm K, adjustably held in a rod K, pivoted-at K on the tiger side of the frame, as plainly indicated in 0n the rod K is secured an arm K in frictionall contact with a cam K secured on the rearvend of theshaft Q. A spring K presses on the arm K to hold the bar K normally in contact with the paper, it being understood that the said bar K swings gradually outward upon the increase of the thickness of theroll of paper 'bythe action of the cam K on the ,a'rm K. The cam K is so shaped that when per around the roller 0, as
afseco'nd roller 0 is moved into position for receiving the end'of the paper then the bar K immediately swings down to guide the papreviously explained. Each pressure-roller L, p'reviouslymentioned, is journaled in the ends of rods L, fitted to slide loosely in bearings L secured on spiders L attached to the shaft B, adjacent to the sets of arms B B is coiled on each rod L and presses with one end on one of the bearings L and with its other end on a .collar L secured to the rod L, so that the spring Lj presses the rod L outwardto hold the pressure-roller in contact with the winding-roller Oand the paper in'g,-but permitting of pulling it out of the same and then drawing the other journal out of the bearing of the arm B 0 is then substituted for the one removed with the roll of paper.
' The operation is as follows: When the sev eral parts are inthexposition illustrated in the drawings and the-shafc-Nis rotated in the direction ofthe arrow' b", then the gearwheel N will drive the feed-rollers, as previously described, to feed the paper uponthe winding-up roller 0, rotated from the said gear-wheel N as above explained, so that paper is'wonnd upon the said roller. At the same time the pinion N by means of the train of gear-wheels O 0' 0 rotates the shaft P and wheel P,which by itsdisk- P holds the star-wheel P locked for the time being. The
rotary motion of the shaft P is transmitted by the sprocket-wheel Q sprocket-chain Q and sprocket-wheel Q to the shaft Q, so that the cams J 5 and K cause an outward swing ing ofthe guide-bars J and K, as previously explained, as the roll of paper increases in thickness. The rotary motion of the shaft Q causes the cam-wheels H to rotate in the direction of the arrow 0', sothat finally thev notches II are brought in alinement with the lower ends of the rods 11 and the latter suddenly drop downward by the action of the springs 11 to move the knife H in a like direction and cut oi the paper-over the stationary knife 1-1. When this takes" place, the
A new roller tooth P engages a corresponding tooth in the star-wheel P3, so as to rotate the latter and cause a turning of the frame B in the direction of the arrow a, to move the roller 0, having the'paper' wound upon itself,into a lowermost position and to bring the formerly-uppermost roller 0 into position for receiving the paper. During this movement the feedrolls are stationary, as their driving-pinion C 'has moved with the roller 0 into a lowermost position, and when the next roller 0 comes into the position mentioned its pinion again establishes connection between the gear-wheel N and the gear-wheel N Inthe meantime the cams J ,K a ndH have, however, acted on their respective arms J K and rods H to cause a like movement of the' guidebars J and K and a return upward movement of the knife 11*, so that the paper is fed forward by the rollers F F as soon as the roller F is set in motion, it being understood that the knife Hjhad previously re-' I turned to its uppermost position. operation is then repeated.
The feed rollers E and F and the receiving- The above roller G may be driven directly from the shaft P, as shown in Fig. 8, insteadof by the gearwheel 0 on the winding-up roller 0', as previously described and shown in'Figs. l and 2.
,The shaft Q (see Fig. 8) carries a gear-wheel T in mesh with an intermediate gear-wheel T, driving the, intermediate gear-wheel T,
corresponding to the intermediate gear-wheel .E for the, gear-wheels E and F driving the feed-rollers E' and F. An intermediate gearwith each other to rotate the receiving-roller G. The shaft Q is driven by sprocket-wheels Q and Q and the sprocket-chain Q from an intermediate gear-wheel T and a gear-wheel T ,,secured on the shaft P.
The gear-wheel T. is minus a few teeth,-so that the feed-roller stops temporarily at the proper timethat is, as soon as the knife wheel T connects the gear-wheels F and G? drops and cuts the paper. The rollers resume Y v the feed of the paper as soon as the frame B .is'at a standstill, feed mechanism for the pape rand-means for automatically stopping said feed mechanism while the revolving frame is rotated and to actuate it when one of the winding-rollers is in position to -receive the paper, substantially as shown and described.
2. A machine of the class described, com
prising a frame carrying a series of rollers,
feeding mechanism for winding paper on said 'ffng-rollersat one'point oftheirorbitandan -i'ntermittent rotating mechanism operated] from the s'am'e source torotate the frame at .rollers, means for intermittentlv revolving tion of the roller-frame. V
the frame for bringing its rollers into operative connection with the feeding mechanism, and-a start and a stop mechanism for stopping the feeding operation during the rota- 3. A winding-machine, provided with an ,intermittently-revolvin g frame carrying a series of winding-rollers,each of which is adapted to receive paper in its turn, means for ro tating a roller at atime, to wind up a desired length of paper at thetime the frame is at astandstill, an intermittent feed for the paper .10 the said M1161; =mcans-fei-aatematically stopping said paper-feed while the windingroller frame is being rotated, and starting said feed'when awinding-roller is in position to receive aroll 'of paper, the feed-rollers being driven from-thesaid winding-roller, substan- 'tially as shown and described. 7
' 4. A winding-machine, provided with an' intermittently-revolving frame carryinga series of winding-rollers adapted to receive the paper in turn, a driving device for rotating a winding-roller atatime, and an intermittent 4 movement for connecting the said driving 7 havinga'series of winding-rollers journaled' mechanism withthe said'frame and intermittently rotating the same, to disconnect the 'saiddriving mechanism from the windingroller, substantially as shown and described.
- 5. Awinding-machine,comprising a frame therein'and itself journaled upon a shaft central to said winding-rollers fixedly-journ aled rotating means adapted ,toengage said wind- 'ating the cutting mechanism from the sa intervals; an amount equal tothe diflerence between Winding-rollers.
, 6. A winding-machine comprising an intermitten tly-revolving f ram e'carryin g aseries of winding-rollers, a driving mechanism forrowinding-roller, a guide-bar made segmental in cross -section, one edge of said bar being adapted to rest on the said roller and its ropposite edge disposed at 'a distance from the roller to guide the edge of the paper around the roller, and means for imparting a gradual swinging motion to the said bar as the roll of paper increasesin thickness on the windingroller, substantially as shown and described.
8. A. winding-machine, provided with a v.
windin g-roller,two guide-bars being arranged on opposite sidesof the said winding-rollers and each made segmental in cross-section, with one edge of, each'bar in contact with the said winding-machine, and a pressure-roller in peripheral engagement with the windingroller between the said contacting edges of the guide-bars, substantially as shown and described.
' CHAUNCEY' ALLEN CORNELL.
ELMER STATES ROBISON Witnesses a r HIRAM T, 'OAT AN,
CHARLES M. BRYANT.