Shoe dip and polisher
US 602897 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
N. D. DABOLL.
SHOE DIP AND POLISHER.
No. 602,897. Patented Apr 26, 1898.
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NATHAN D. DABOIJL, OF PLAINFIELD, NEW JERSEY.
SHOE DIP AND POLISHER.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 602,897, dated April 2e, lees.
Application filed March 2 2, 189 7.
.To @ZZ whom t may concern:
Be tknown that I, NATHAN D. DABOLL, a citizen of the United States, residing at Plainfield, in the county of Union and State of New Jersey, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Shoe Dips and Polishers, of which the following is a specification.
The subject of the present invention is an improved polisher designed more particularly for conveniently applying preparations to russet and patent-leather shoes and for elciently and quickly creating the desired polish.
The invention also comprehends provisions for temporarily converting existing forms of brushes into improved polishers and is also directed toward a simple arrangement for renewing the polishing-surface when required.
In the drawings accompanying this specification7 Figure l is a vertical longitudinal sectional view through a polisher embodying my invention. Fig. 2 is a similar section illustrating my improvements in connection with a brush having bristles. Figs. 3 and 4 are like views showing modifications regarded as being within the scope of my invention. Fig. 5 is a view showing the shapeof a detachable fabric. The dotted outline within this gu re shows the form-blank for the inner covering superposed on the outer or polishing fabric. Fig. 6 is a perspective view indicating how the blank shown in Fig. 5 is adjusted. Fig. 7 shows a blank designed to serve in connection with the dip of a polisher.
Similar letters of reference indicate correspending parts throughout the figures where they appear.
As is Well known, it is the prevailing custom to brighten and enhance the appearance of russet and patent-leather shoes by applying some special preparation and subjecting the leather surface to a vigorous rubbing with f a suitable fabric. A simple cloth not only7 tends to uncleanliness, but does not exert the even and regular friction on the leather required to secure a nice effect.
My improvements attain what is desired and present other advantages, as will presently appear.
In constructing the several illustrated forms of brush in accordance with my invention the polishing-surface may be presented by a block Serial No. 628,638. (No model.)
or section of thick fabric or a thin facing-strip of cloth having a suitable backing.
In Fig. 1 I have represented the back A in one piece with the wooden handle A as being provided on its under face with a series of recesses d, designed for the reception of the heads of doWel-pins b, which are carried by a wooden block B, constituting the base of the compound rubbing-pad B'. The said block B is provided centrally with a nut or bushing B2, the threaded opening of which is designed for the reception of a thumb-screw C, which pierces the back and can be manipnlated for the ready attachment and det-achment of the rubbing-pad.
It willl be comprehended that when the adj ustment above referred to is made the dewelpins will prevent any relative turning 0f the back and pad; but this effect may generally be secured by simply interposing a yielding section O', such as felt, between the Wooden block B and the back A.
As the construction shown in Fig. 1 employs a thin facing-strip D as the polishing-surface, it is desirable to provide 'said strip with a suitable yielding back. E indicates a body, of fiber or other yielding material, properly secured to the block B by a series of entwined wires e, secured to said block. The ends of the facing-strip D are passed around the back of the block B, between the same and the section G,in which position the several parts may be iirmly clamped together by the screw C.
Generally the back A,contiguous to its front end, will be provided with an upper dip F, this latter being comprised by a lug or protuberance f, having a bushing f' for'the engagement of a screw f2, connected with a small block F', having a suitable yielding section or padding F2, a small thin surface strip 3 being passed around said padding and folded and clamped between the adjacent faces of the block Fl and the protuberance f.
In Fig. 2 I have represented my invention as being combined with a brush having the ordinary bristle arrangement. In this application 'the bristle-faces may constitute the yielding backing, and under such circumstances it will be desirable to have a compound facing-strip or inner section D of cornparatively close texture, so that when it is IOO ends lap the brush-back and are secured by pins b.
In Fig. 3 the wooden block B, having the central threaded bushing, is represented as being oppositely faced with sections G and' G', of felt or similar material, the lower of which constitutes the backing-pad for the inner and outer strips D D/, while the inner will be compressed between the block and the handle-section. It will be obvious that when the lower felt pad becomes unduly saturated or harsh the parts may be reversed to bring the other section into position. A thumbscrew C so clamps the parts that the folded ends of the facin g-strips are securely retained. Theconstruction illustrated in Fig. 4 shows the clamping-screw as being carried by the pad-block, the pad in this instance comprising, in addition to the block, a filling or packing H, of suitable material, and the inner and outer facing-strips D D, as before.
Although the shape of the blanks constituting the facing-strips may be widely varied, the form shown in Fig. 5 presents certain advantages. In said figure the fabric has two large perforated end tongues I I and smaller tabs I at each side thereof, wings I2 being provided at each side and perforated, as indicated. In practice this blank is folded around the pad and secured as shown in Fig. v
6, this being accomplished by rst turning inward the tabs I around the ends of the block, bringing the side wings over the top of the pad to engage the dowel-pins or other securing means, and finally folding the larger tongues over the top of the block to also engage said pins b, and thus hold the several folds in position.
A suitable blank for the dip is that represented in Fig. 7, the fabric being cruciform, so that the several tongues J can be folded over one another to engage the dip-screw and be clamped between the contiguous faces of the block F and the protuberance f.
From the foregoing description it will be obvious that the improved polisher is not only inexpensive and comparatively simple, but that its polishing-surface may be readily replaced or reversed whenever occasion may require. An important feature resides in the fact that the surface strips and other parts are adjustably held, so that no particular skill is required to effect the several adjustments or changes.
The device enables the operator to reach the shoe and polish the surface with the gentle action due to the pad and its fabric covering without bending or stooping to an uncomfortable degree.
The dotted figure within the main figure in The ends and sides of this strip D em- Fig. 5 is an 4attempt to indicate in correct size and position the form of the blank for the inner covering D.
Modifications may be made without departing from the principle or sacrificing the advantages of the invention. In lieu of the clamping-screws the brush back or body may have devices, such as hooks or pins, to engage suitable eyes or loops carried by the cover serving as a polishing-surface. The lower part of the block may be reduced or cut away to form a shoulder on which such hooks may be retained. The inner strip D may have tabs like the outer covering D, if desired.
I claim as my inventionl. The combination in a device for the purpose speciiied,of .a rectangular block having a front pad of yielding material, and a facingsection composed vof .a fabric D having the 'long end tongues I and side wings I2 perforated, and the short end tongues or tabs folded, all substantially as herein specified.
2'. The combination with .a brush-back, of a rectangular block having a series of pins b, removably engaging recesses in the back, a pad B', secured to the lowery surface of the latter, a facing-section composed of the fabric D, secured upon said block by having its folded tongues I and wings I2 engaged by the pins b, and means as the thumb-screw C, for detachably secu ring the brush-backand block together, all constructed and arranged substantially as herein specified.
3. The combination withy a brush-back, of a rectangular block having the pad B secured to its lower surface, a facing-section composed of the fabric D, secured upon said block by tongues I and wings I2, the pad C adapted to be interposed between the brush-back and the block, and means as the thumb-screw C for detachably securing the brush-back and block together, all constructed and arranged substantially as specified.
4. The combination in a polishing-brush, of a brush-back, a rectangular block having a yielding pad secured upon its lower surface, a facing-section of fabric adapted to cover said pad and having tongues and wings eX- tending over the upper surface of the block,
means for securing said tongues and wings,v
another pad adapted to be interposed between the brush-back and the block, means as a thumb-screw for detachably securing to each other, the two last-mentioned portions, and an upper dip portion similar in construction to the polisher and secured to the brushback by a clamping-screw, all substantially as herein specified.
In testimony that I claim the invention above set forth I kaffix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
NATHAN D. nABoLL.
Witnesses: M. F. BOYLE, J. B. OnAU'rIcE.