|Publication number||US6051779 A|
|Application number||US 08/752,858|
|Publication date||Apr 18, 2000|
|Filing date||Nov 21, 1996|
|Priority date||Nov 21, 1996|
|Also published as||CN1130962C, CN1238115A, DE69710604D1, DE69710604T2, EP0940068A1, EP0940068B1, WO1998023139A1|
|Publication number||08752858, 752858, US 6051779 A, US 6051779A, US-A-6051779, US6051779 A, US6051779A|
|Inventors||John Weldon Gammon|
|Original Assignee||Ericsson Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Non-Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (17), Classifications (5), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. Technical Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to RF shielding applications, and more particularly, to RF shield cans having over molded gaskets.
2. Description of Related Art
In electronic application such as cellular telephones, RFI/EMI shielding is necessary to protect and shield sensitive components from interference generated by other components and external sources. Important design considerations of RF shielding involve minimizing the required board area for the RF shield. This involves consideration of the RF shield footprint, placement accuracy of the RF shield and allowance for component clearances.
Previous methods of connecting RF Shields have included directly soldering the metal shield can to a printed circuit board. While soldering provides an excellent ground contact between the shield and the printed circuit board, this method produces a permanently attached shield can that cannot be readily removed if post-solder assembly or testing is required of the protected circuits. Another method of RF shielding involves the use of electrically conductive adhesive as a bond between the shield and the printed circuit board. However, this approach requires a larger footprint on the printed circuit board to allow an adequate surface area for the adhesive bond.
A final method of shield can connection utilizes a dispensed gasket applied to the edge of the RF shield. A dispensed gasket requires a considerably wider width than the can sidewall to allow for adequate bond surface and to compensate for variation in the position of the sidewall location. Current dispensing technology requires the gasket bead to overlap both sides of a thin sidewall to stabilize and harden properly. The gasket width must be further enlarged to accommodate sidewall positioning tolerances and dispensing process tolerances. This occupies a larger area on the printed circuit board, reducing the amount of available space for components.
The present invention overcomes the foregoing and other problems with an improved RF shielding apparatus. The apparatus consists of an RF shield can having a top surface and sidewalls extending from the peripheral edge of the top surface. The sidewalls define a number of guide tabs enabling the shield can to be aligned with a gasket molding apparatus into which the sidewalls of the shield can are inserted. Once the sidewalls of the shield can have been inserted into a molding apparatus a gasket molding procedure directly molds an electrically conductive gasket to the sidewalls of the shield can. The gasket has a fixed geometry (width and shape) that is not dependent on variations in positioning of the sidewall of the RF shield can.
A more complete understanding of the method and apparatus of the present invention may be obtained by reference to the following Detailed Description when taken in conjunction with the accompanying Drawings wherein:
FIG. 1 is an in view of a prior art embodiment of a dispensed gasket;
FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective view of an RF shield can with a gasket molding apparatus;
FIGS. 3a-3c illustrate end views of a gasket and sidewall; and
FIG. 4 is a perspective view of a shield can with a molded gasket thereon.
Referring now to the drawings, and more particularly to FIG. 1, wherein there is illustrated a prior art embodiment of a dispensed gasket 5 along the edge of a shield can sidewall 10. The dispensed gasket process, required the gasket 5 overlap both sides of the sidewall 10 to bond properly. The width of the gasket 5 must also insure that the overlap accounts for variations in the sidewall 10 position.
Referring now to FIG. 2 there is illustrated an RF shield can 15 and gasket molding apparatus 20. The RF shield can 15 includes a top surface 25 and sidewalls 30 extending downwardly therefrom. The downwardly extending sidewalls 30 define a number of alignment tabs 35 for properly aligning the shield can 15 with the gasket molding apparatus 20. While FIG. 2 has been illustrated showing the use of alignment tabs 35, it should be realized that the tabs are not necessary, and the shield can 15 may be aligned within the gasket molding apparatus 20 utilizing manual means, vision systems or any other means for properly aligning the shield can 15.
The shield can 15 is placed within the gasket molding apparatus 20 such that a gasket may be over molded along the edges of the sidewall 30. The molding process utilized may include a liquid injection molding, silicone rubber injection over molding or other suitable process. The over-molded gasket material will comprise any electrically conductive material sufficient for maintaining a low conductive resistance interface between the RF shield and the printed circuit board. By over molding the gasket directly to the sidewalls 30 of the shield can 15 using molding apparatus 20, the width of the gasket 40 is fixed at a substantially constant distance as shown generally in FIGS. 3a through 3c. Since the sidewalls 30 of the shield can 15 are aligned within the mold of the gasket molding apparatus 20, variances in the sidewall position are automatically accounted for within the gasket. As can be seen in FIGS. 3a through 3c, no matter where the sidewall 30 may be positioned, the sidewall will always rest within the width 45 of the molded gasket 40 because the gasket is molded directly to the edge of the sidewall within the gasket molding apparatus 20. This allows the width of the gasket 40 to be substantially reduced from those of prior art embodiments and reduce the printed circuit board area required for the shield can 15 and gasket 40.
FIG. 4 illustrates the shield can 15 with the over-molded gasket 40. As can be seen, the gasket 40 has a much higher placement accuracy in smaller geometry area than the dispensed gasket for the prior art illustrated in FIG. 1. Reduction of the gasket outline width reduces the area required for placement of the shield can 15 on the printed circuit board 50 and reduces the tolerances that must be maintained for adjacent components or RF shields.
Although a preferred embodiment of the method and apparatus of the present invention has been illustrated in the accompanying Drawings and described in the foregoing Detailed Description, it is understood that the invention is not limited to the embodiment disclosed, but is capable of numerous rearrangements, modifications, and substitutions without departing from the spirit of the invention as set forth and defined by the following claims.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4098633 *||Jan 24, 1977||Jul 4, 1978||The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy||Method of making radiation seal|
|US4575578 *||Jan 5, 1983||Mar 11, 1986||Keene Corporation||Radiation shielding and thermally conductive gasket with internal bonding agent|
|US5068493 *||Oct 17, 1990||Nov 26, 1991||Vanguard Products Corporation||Dual elastomer gasket shield for electronic equipment|
|US5205751 *||Feb 21, 1992||Apr 27, 1993||Motorola, Inc.||Electrically-conductive elastomeric connector|
|US5633786 *||Aug 21, 1995||May 27, 1997||Motorola||Shield assembly and method of shielding suitable for use in a communication device|
|US5717577 *||Oct 30, 1996||Feb 10, 1998||Ericsson, Inc.||Gasketed shield can for shielding emissions of electromagnetic energy|
|EP0643551A1 *||Sep 5, 1994||Mar 15, 1995||Parker-Hannifin Corporation||Form-in-place EMI gaskets|
|1||*||IBM Technical Disclosure Bulletin vol. 33, No. 6A, Nov. 1990 Casting Seals for Disk Files, XP000107757 pp. 366 367.|
|2||IBM Technical Disclosure Bulletin vol. 33, No. 6A, Nov. 1990 Casting Seals for Disk Files, XP000107757 pp. 366-367.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US6420649||Aug 18, 1997||Jul 16, 2002||Helmut Kahl||Process for shielding an electric or electronic circuit and shielding cap|
|US7005573||Feb 12, 2004||Feb 28, 2006||Parker-Hannifin Corporation||Composite EMI shield|
|US7087835||Oct 19, 2004||Aug 8, 2006||Bi-Link Metal Specialties Inc.||Apparatus and method for shielding printed circuit boards|
|US7280855||Jun 28, 2005||Oct 9, 2007||Research In Motion Limited||Microphone coupler for a communication device|
|US7326862||Jan 26, 2004||Feb 5, 2008||Parker-Hannifin Corporation||Combination metal and plastic EMI shield|
|US7518880||Feb 6, 2007||Apr 14, 2009||Bi-Link||Shielding arrangement for electronic device|
|US7535726||Mar 8, 2006||May 19, 2009||Research In Motion Limited||System and method for assembling components in an electronic device|
|US7796398||Mar 16, 2009||Sep 14, 2010||Research In Motion Limited||System of components in an electronic device|
|US7797025||Jun 15, 2007||Sep 14, 2010||Research In Motion Limited||Microphone coupler for a communication device|
|US20040162143 *||Feb 11, 2004||Aug 19, 2004||Toru Morita||Program execution system, program execution device, relay device, and recording medium|
|US20040165369 *||Jan 26, 2004||Aug 26, 2004||Lionetta William G.||Combination metal and plastic EMI shield|
|US20060084289 *||Oct 19, 2004||Apr 20, 2006||Ziberna Frank J||Apparatus and method for shielding printed circuit boards|
|US20060293091 *||Jun 28, 2005||Dec 28, 2006||Research In Motion Limited||Microphone coupler for a communication device|
|US20070137653 *||Feb 5, 2007||Jun 21, 2007||Wood Thomas J||Ventilation interface for sleep apnea therapy|
|US20090175013 *||Mar 16, 2009||Jul 9, 2009||Research In Motion Limited||System of components in an electronic device|
|EP1455564A1 *||Mar 5, 2003||Sep 8, 2004||Sony Ericsson Mobile Communications AB||Electronic device provided with an EMI shield|
|EP1739933A1 *||Jun 28, 2005||Jan 3, 2007||Research In Motion Limited||Communication device with shielded microphone|
|U.S. Classification||174/384, 174/370|
|Nov 21, 1996||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ERICSSON, INC., NORTH CAROLINA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:GAMMON, JOHN WELDON;REEL/FRAME:008310/0511
Effective date: 19961115
|Oct 20, 2003||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Oct 18, 2007||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Oct 18, 2011||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12