US 605178 A
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N0M0de1) P. @..PERGUSON FOUNTAIN SYRINGB.
No! 605,178. Patented June 7,1898.
n 'UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
FRANK o. FERcUsoN,oF INDIANAPOLIS, INDIANA.
Fou NTAlN-:sYRlNc E.
SPECFICATIONforming part of Letters Patent No; v605,1"rvy8, dated une "i, 1898. Application tiled February v2, 189,7. Serial ,Nos 621,654. (No model.)
To all wtom/ `t may concern: Be it known that I, FRANK'C. FERGUSON, a citizen of the United States, residing at Indianapolis, in the county of Marion and State of Indiana, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Fountain-Syringes;
, and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear','and exactl description of the inventin,-such aswill enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
My invention relates to .certain new and useful improvements lin fountain-syringes, the object being to provide an improved construction of syringe from whichei her hotor cold water or tepid water apdmantiseptigs'and other medicinal'sl'iodiffering from e`ach other may be irstantlymigediand ejected at any desired tper'atieand in any proportion and the exact temperature of the ejectedv Water or solution 'be easily regulated and quickly read, so that the water or solution at the temperature desired maybe instantly supplied. l
To this end my invention consists in a syringe provided with two chambers or compartments, one forhot water'orhot solutions and the other for cold water or cold solutions, meansv for regulatingvth'e/assage of the hot and cold waterfonsolutIons/dependently or together into the/"dischargetube ,of the syringe, and a thermometer of novel construction interposed in thersaidtube Ybetween the said chambers or compartmentsand the eduction-nozzle, whereby the temperature ofthe water or other iiuids `may be easily and quickly ascertained.
My invention also consists in certain other novel constructions, combinations, and arrangements of parts, as will be hereinafter more particularly described, and specifically set forth in the appended claims.
In the accompanying drawings,'Figure l is a top or plan view of my improved fountainsyringe. Fig. 2 is a central longitudinal section of the same. Fig..3 is a detail sectional view showing the construction' of the thermometer and the transparent chamber thereof. Fig. 4 shows. av top orl plan View of a modified form of syringe.
Referring to the drawings, A B designate two chambers or compart1nents,each provided fee. are each provided with a valve or cock g g to regulate the passage therethrough of the hot and cold water 'or other fluids coming 75 cocks to regulate the iiow 'through the tube.
at one end thereof with hook-eyes a b for sus` pending the'same, an opening or inductionpassage c d, closed by a screw cap or plug for the supply of Water or other fluids to said chambers or compartments, and edu'ction-nozzles e e/Qthrou gh which the fluids may pass out. The tivo fountain compartments or chambers may be constructed of soft rubber,wood,metal, 6o Of rWiFnFwe-fmmf rubber,n For hospital use the fountain chamber'ser compartments may be made of metalsuch as tin, copper, or iron-lined with suitable non-corrosi've vmaterial f, preferably a 6 5 sheetingof aluminium. One of the chambers is intended to contain hot Waterand the other cold water or any other antiseptic or medicinal solutions desired.
l The two branches of a Y-shaped coupling- 7o piece G are connected with the'said .nozzles These branches of the Y-shaped piece from the fountain-chambers.
:.The eduction-tube H ofthe syringe has its `inner or proximal end connected with the shank or single portion of the Y-shaped connecting-piece and is provided at its outer or 8o distal end with an eduction-nozzlet', which may be perforated for spraying purposes or constructed to discharge the water in any desired way. A cut-off device 7o of well-known vconstruction in surgical instruments may be provided in addition to the said valves or of the ywater In order to correctly measure the mean tem- 'i perature of the fiuids when mixed, a thermom- 9o eter is placed inthe eduction-tube and is.
arranged so 'that the current 4pQmes immemately in Contact therewiWw-hn't may be freadily seen in order to ascertain the temperature ofthe flowing Water or fluid. This thermometer Z is contained within a glass chamber L, supports'l, of soft rubber, being provided to maintain it in positionin the center of the glass chamber, while readily permitting the water to now around` the same.. The glass roo chamber is provided atk each end with a tubular projectionm, through which the ends of tube are connected.- By this construction the thermometer is contained within a casing and protected, but is so arranged that it may be easily and quickly consulted for ascertaining the temperature of the fluids passing through the tube.
In practice the fountain-syringe is hung upon the wall, bed, or some other object suitable for the purpose by means of its eyes a Z). One compartment*A, forinstanee-is then filled with het water and the other with cold. A suitable antiseptic or medicinal material may be added to either the hot or cold water. The valves or cocks in the ejection portion of the fountain-chambers are then opened to allow the water to pass out by gravity, and may be tempered as desired by suitably regulating the passage of the hot and cold currents relatively to each other. It desired, a heater may be applied to the liet-water fountain-compartment A.
My invention provides a silnple and effective construction of fountain-syringe for either medicinal, surgical, household, or hospital purposes and is adapted to supply either hot or cold water, or warm water, or any desirable medicinal or antiseptic solution of any desired temperature.
In Fig. Aita slightly-modified form of syringe is shown. In this construction the Yshaped eouplingpiece G' is located about midway of the length of the discharge-tube, and said discharge-tube has two connections 1I' between the compartments and said Y coupling-piece. The syringe in this construction also is provided with a single suspending-eye a only.
IVhile I have shown in the accompanying drawings certain means for carrying my invention into practical effect, I desire it understood that I do not limit my invention to the specific construction and arrangement of parts which for the sake of illustration I have Set forth.
IIaving thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. A fountain-syringe consisting ot a chambered bag, each chamber having at its upper portion an induction-opening and at its lower portion an eduction or discharge tube, a branched,orY-shaped discharge-tube coupled to the eduction-tubes depending from the bag, a pair of turn-valves, one of each located in the upper branched portion of the Y-shaped tube, a transparent cylinder or tube connected with and depending from the discharge end of said tube, a thermometer located in said transparent tube or cylinder and a dischargenozzle connected with the lower end ot said cylinder, as and for the purpose set forth.
2. A fountain-syringe consisting ot a divisional or chambered receptacle having induction and eduction nozzles or posts connected with the respective divisions or chambers, a dischargetube having a Y-shaped branched portion connected with said cduction-nozzles and having a valve in each branch, a transparent tube or cylinder connected at its inner end with the lower, or outer, end of said discharge-tube, a pair of transversely-bored sottrubber disks contained and frictionally held within said transparent tube, a thermometer passed through and ilexi bl y supported by said rubber disks within said transparent tube, and a discharge-nozzle connected with the lower, or outer, end of said transparent tube, as and for the purpose set forth.
In testimony whereof I have signed this specification in the presence et two subscribing witnesses.
FRANK C. FERGUSON.
GEORGE W. SL'mnovn, JNo. T. PLUMMER.