US 605244 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
(No Model.) 2 Sheets-#Sheet 1.
AINING. 'Y No. 605,244.` Patented June 7, 1.898.
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J. J. GALLOW.
No. 605,244. Patented June `l7, 1898.
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` NITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JOI-1N J. oALLow, OE oLEvEL-AND, OHIO.
SPECIFICATIONforming part of Letters PatentNo. 605,244, dated J' une 7, 1898.
Application filed November 13, 1896. Serial No. 611,944. (No model.)
To @ZZ whoml it may concern:
Beit known that I, JOHN J. CALLOW, a citizen of the United States,`residing in Cleveland, in the county of Cuyahoga and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Graining, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to a new and useful method of graining surfaces of wood and the like, audit also contemplates certain new and useful improvements in graining-combs, all of which will be specifically described in the accompanying specification and illustrated in the drawings, in which; Y
Figure l is a plan View of a flexible rubber pad provided with concentric and curved or arc-shaped ribs slightly raised on the surface. Fig. 2 is a similar viewwith the ribs shown Fig. Sis a plan view of a substantially lsquare pad having circular rings increasing in diameter from the center to the sides of the pad. Fig. 4 is a view of :my improved blending device. Figs. 5 and 6 represent methods of using the pads and a regular steel graining-comb now in commo use in practicing my process.
In Fig. l letter A represents a common center of the arc-shaped ribs jshown therein,
-While letters B and C in Figs. 2 and 3 represent similar centers of curvature.
While I have shown the pads in Figs. l, 2, and 3 as provided with concentricarc-shaped ribs, I Wish it understood that the surfaces of these pads may beprovided with other coniigurations Without departing from the spirit of my invention.
The pads are usually constructed of rubber and are quite iiexible, so that When grasped by the hand they may bend to arcertain eX- tent, as shown in Fig. 5. A These pads, however, may be constructed ofother material than rubber-such for instance, as paper or leather--with equally good results.
In Figs. l and 3 the arc-shaped ribs are shown as substantiallythe same in width, While in Fig. 2 the ribs are shown as somewhat broader. The purpose of having the ribs of varying widths is to produce graining effects of diiferent aspects when the pads are drawn over a surface coated with color.
F. in-Fig. 4 represents a graining-comb having the teeth F, provided with the hooked ends G. Stretched over the graining-comb are the rubber bands II, whose purpose is to give to the comb-teeth a certain resiliency and softness of action when passed over the work not possessed by the uncovered teeth when used alone. In Fig. 4 it will be noticed that two of the rubber bands H therein shown are illustrated as stretched over the teeth-of the comb, While a third rubber band is shown detached therefrom. It may be here remarked that the purpose of my improved grainingcomb is similar to that of all graining-combsc'. c., to give the freshly-grained Work a certain mottled or streaked appearance Whenever the comb is drawn over the surface thereof.
Having now specifically described the various devices used in carrying out my improved method of graining, I will now proceed to describe in detail the manner of practicing such method.
The surface to be grained is first coated with any desired coloring-matter. Then any one of the pads is grasped by the hand and drawn lover the freshly-colored surface, as shown in Fig. 5. Coincident with the movement of the pad over the said colored surface 5 and 6. Said grained surface is subsequently finished by striking the same against the grain with the rubber-covered blending-comb, as shown in Figs. 4 and 6. Such a procedure will give the grained surface a mottled or streaked appearance.
It willv be noticed in Fig. 5 that a graining'- comb of ordinary construction is illustrated in connection with the pad. Such combs as my improved' comb illustrated in Fig. 4 may be used with equal facility, the'speciiic object, however, of my rubber-covered blending-comb being its adaptability for the finishing of the grained surface produced by my new process, as illustrated in Fig. 6.
Having now fully described my invention, what I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States,iis-
1. The method of graining in imitation of roo Wood, which consists in coating the surface thereof to be grained, with graining color thenv drawing over said colored surface, a iieXible pad provided with concentric lines on its under side, and at the same time drawing a grainers comb over the top surface of said pad at a speed different from that at which the pad is moving, substantially as described.
2. The method of graining in imitation of Wood, which consists in coating the surface thereof to be grained, With graining color then drawing over said coloring surface a flexible pad provided with concentric lines on its under side, and at the same time drawing a grainers comb over the top surface of said JOI-IN J. CALLOWV.
XVitnesses c' Guo. W. TIBBITTS, L. W. FORD.