US 605929 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
2 Sheets-Sheet 1.
-.(No Model.) I
I. D. $MEAD'. DISH CLEANER.
ayman/o 1N0 Model.) '2 Sheets Sh'eet 2'.
I. D. sMEAD. DISH GLEANBR.
No! 605,929. Patented June 21,1898.
. 1 25 ,dishes has been .:disagreeable'.of household duties, but one ford .to have 'it: To
U ITED STATES" PATENT f OFF1cE.-
- ISAAC 1). ISMEAD, or roLEDo, o111o.
SPECIFICATION forming partpf Letters Patent N 0. 605,929, dated June 21, 1898.
A plication filed January 10, 1898- Serlal No. 666,230. (No model.) I
I To all whomit may concern:
I Be it known that I, ISAAC D. SMEAD, a citizen of the United States, residing at Toledo, in the county of Lucas and State of Ohio, have in- 5 vented certain new and useful Improvements in an Apparatus for Washing and Rinsing Dishes, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to apparatus for wash-.
1o ing and rinsing dishes; and the invention conslsts in a nozzle of peculiar construction, secured to a flexible tube, and in a receptacle for holding the dishes in a particular position while being washed, all as hereinafter more fully described.
Figure 1 is a perspective view of the nozzle; Fig. 2, a longitudinal central section of the same, and Fig. 3 a top plan view of the v lower part shown detached. Fig. 4 is a per:
, broken away to show the rack inside, and Fig. I 5 is aperspective view showing the method of using theappa'ratus- From time immemorial the washing of one of the'most tedious and that has to be constantly performed. V For use in hotels," restaurants, and boardinghouses various machines have been devised, go but few, if any, of'which are adaptedfor use in private families. The object of my pres ent invention is to produce an apparatus fpr this purpose that is adapted for use in privatefamilies as well as in larger establish- 3 5 'ments and one can use it and so cheap thatall 'can afsults, I make a nozzle of metal, hard, rubber,
. or any suitable material of the general form o shownin Fig. 1. It is composed of two parts A andB, which are united by a screw-joint,
with a The upper diameter, so as to providean internal chamher of such size asto admit a good-sized. piece 1 It at S, Fig. 2. "To support,
.of soap, as show this piece of soap,
I provide a ,w'ire-g'auz'eor other perforated disk 0, which maynrest loosely ,on the shoulder in the lower portion as shown in Fig; 52; or, if pre- I ferred, this disk may be of smaller diameter B of thenozzle,
spective viewgof the receptacle with the front 1 and 3.
which shall be so simple that any accomplish these re-.
packing-ring b, as shown in Fig. 12.1 portion A is made ofan enlarged" '1 may be used, as represented in Fig. 3, or
and rest upon an annular projection e, (sho wn the disk may be dropped loosely intothe conical chamber of the part B and be supported by the conve ging walls, thoughI prefer to use the shoulder, annular, or other proj ections to support the disk, as by such means it is held securely in a horizontal position 3 and prevented from tipping up edgewise, as
it might otherwise do.
While-Ipreferfto use the disk, it is not absolutely necessary, especiallyif the piece of soap when put in is of rectangular or irregular form, as it naturally is when out or broken-from a bar of soap, as in such casethewater will pass by it at the sides; but by using the disk the soap' is prevented from working down into the lower conical portion of the nozzle, where-it might tendto prevent. 1
the free flow of the water or stop up the perforations, both of which it is desirable to avoid.
' The lower section B of the nozzle is con structed substantiallyasrepresented in Figs.
land 2, with its lowerend fiat audclosed,
with the exception of a few small holes or V f perforations n, as shown more clearly in Figs.
Care should be taken to make these perforations quite small and not too numerous, asby so doing the velocity of the jets .ofwater escaping throughjthem is much in creased and-the device thereby rendered -more fficient;
, The projections or ears cshown onthe'portion'B are designed simplyasa convenient It maybe constructed with a knurled ring at similar means for that purpose.
;-means for grasping and screwing-it on tight.
. ,9 :that .point instead or be provided with any provided at its upperorsmallerend'withone .or more external beads d, by whichthe noz- 'zle can be secured to a piece of hose'T, as.
that it may be provided withascrew-thread unitedto thehose by an ordinary union or represented in Figs. 2 and .5. It isobyious is cheapeigand when once fastened to the l;-
hose there is less danger of the nozzle being removed and misplaced or lost, there being no occasion to remove it when once attached.
In order to use this nozzle, the hose '1 is simply connected toihe hot-water pipe which is usually over the sink, and which may be done by extending the hot-water pipe P upward to a convenient height,-as shown in Fig.
5, or by substituting for the hot-water faucet b one provided with a screw-thread'(and which are common) the hose can be connected to it by meansof an ordinary coupling; but I prefer the plan shown, as it avoids the necessity of connecting and detaching the device every time it is used and retains it always in position ready for instant use whenever required without interfering with independent use of the hot-water faucet b.
A valve V is inserted in the pipe P at any point where it can be conveniently reached to control the flow of the water. It is, however, obvious that instead of this the nozzle itself maybe provided with a plug cock or valve; but if the pipe P be used I prefer to put'the valve in it, as by so doing the nozzle is left in more convenient shape for the hand.
In order to holdthc dishes in proper position to be cleaned by the jets of hotand soapy water projected from the nozzle, I provide a box or trayD, the upper portion of which has its sides or walls preferablycurved or inclined inward, as shown at I, Fig. 5, to prevent the water from being thrown or glancing from the dishes outward and the front side I of which is preferably hinged, so it can be'turned down, as shown in Fig.- 5, for more conveniently placing and removing the dishes. This tray is provided with a perforated bottom 0,-preferably of woven wire, so that asthe grease, &c., is washed from the dishes by the hot water .it will all pass immediately away instead of being retained with the dirty water, as is the case in the ordinary method of washing dishes in a pan or in machines.
I provide a rack R of proper size to fit loosely in the tray, this rack being provided .with two sets of cross bars or wires t, one set above the other, as shown in Fig. 4. These cross bars or wires instead of being arranged one set directly over the other are staggered or made to alternatein their vertical planes,
so that when the dishes are set therein they will be more oi less inclined, as represented in Fig. 5, by which arrangement the water can be applied more readily to their upper surfaces, which require the most washing, the flexibility of the hose permitting the nozzle to be turned and held in any and all positions necessary to apply the water to all sides of the dishes.
Whenit is desired to wash cups, bowls, and the like, the rack will be lifted out and the dishes set in on the perforated bottom and, if necessary, will be turned over during the operation of washing them,vso that all portions will be thoroughly cleaned.
While I prefer tomake the tray with the inwardly-inclined sides I, as above described and as shown, it is obvious that the sides may be left vertical or straight; but I prefer the plan shown, as otherwise it would be necessary to make it higher to prevent the water from splashing over the sides, in which case it would be too tall to set in the ordinary kitchen-sink under the.ordinary hot and cold water faucets, which are usuallylocated but a short distance above the sink.
To use my device, the dishes are placed in the tray, a piece of soap being placed in the chamber of the nozzle, the latter being held in the hand and the water turned on, as represented in Fig. 5. As the hot water passes through the chamber of the nozzle it continuously dissolves and carries with it some of the soap, and this hot soapy water being thrown upon the dishes in numerous small jets and with force or velocity almost instantly removes the grease'or other adhering material, and as this is at once washed away through the perforated bottom it will be seen that the dishes are being submitted to the cleansing action of hot water that is constantly becoming more and more clean as the operation continues until finally they are rinsed by pure hot water, the soap in the meantimehavingbeen all dissolved or washed, away. By these means the operation of washing and rinsing the dishes is rendered one single continuous operation and that, too, Without rehandling the dishes. It also enables the water to be used much hotter than it can be when used in a pan in which the hands have to be immersed more or less, and therefore the dishes are left so hot that they become dry very quickly, the whole operation of washing, rinsing, and drying a trayful of wherever a large number of dishes are to be washed. In practice it will be desirable, especially in large establishments, to use a n umber of the trays, so that the instant one trayful is completed it can be set aside to let them drain and dry and another trayful being substituted'and washed in the meantime. By theseimprovements the hitherto tedious and disagreeable operation of dish-washing is reduced to an extremely quick and comparatively easy operation, which can be performed by a child or a ladywithout soiling their hands or clothing.
Having thus described my invention and the manner of using the same, what I claim 15- 1. A dish-washing nozzle having an upper chamber for holding a piece of soap, and a lower chamber to receive the soapy water,
and having its lower or delivery. end provided with a limited number of small perforations for the purpose of delivering the water in a series of forcible jets, substantially as shown and described.
2. An apparatus for washing and/rinsing dishes, comprising-a nozzleiadapted to receive and hold a piece of. soap, said nozzle being secured to a flexible tube and provided I 5 at it's delivery'end-w ith a limited number of small perforations, and a tray provided with a perforatedbottom and a rack having two or more rows of horizontal bars arranged in -difie'rent vertical planes, for holding thedishes in an inclined pos ion, whereby the 10 dishes can be both washed and rinsed by one continuous operation, substantially as shown and described.
Signed by me this 8th day of January, 1898.
ISAAC D. SMEAD. Witnesses:
WILL. A. BAKER, ANTHONY KUEFER.