|Publication number||US606451 A|
|Publication date||Jun 28, 1898|
|Filing date||Feb 14, 1898|
|Publication number||US 606451 A, US 606451A, US-A-606451, US606451 A, US606451A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (7), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
W. H, ENGLISH.
No. 606,451. 'Patented June 28,71898.
VILLIAM II. ENGLISH, OF DETROIT, MICHIGAN.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 606,451, dated J' une 28, 1898. Application filed February 14, 1898. Serial No. 670,201. (No model.)
To @ZZ whom t may concern,.-
Be it known that I, WILLIAM I-I. ENGLISH, a citizen of the United States, residing at Detroit, in thecounty of Wayne and State of Michigan, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Perambulators, of which the following is a specificatiomreference being had therein to the accompanying drawings.
The invention consists in the construction of a perambulator comprising a frame supporting Wheels at its lower end, a hinged seat, and a hinged wheeled arm connected to the seat, so that the folding up of the seat or the arm will cause the folding Vof both.
The invention further consists in the construction, arrangement, and combination of the Various parts, all as more fully hereinafter described.
In the drawings, Figure l is a perspective view of a perambulator embodying my invention. Fig. 2 is a vertical central longitudinal section therethrough, showing in full and dotted lines the different positions of the folded parts.
It is Well known that it is desirable at the present time to have perambulators which may be used on the street of such weight and having means for folding so that they may be carried into a car, as in most` cities the electric cars will not carry baby-carriages of the regular type. My invention is intended to supply that want and also for use in flats and other places where access to the street is difficult and Where it would be impossible to carry the ordinary baby-carriages up and down stairs. It isalso used for ordinary use as a childs carriage.
A is a frame formed of side-bars and connecting-rods, having a handle B at the upper end and wheels C at the lower end adapted to rest and run on the ground. To this main frame is hinged a seat-board D, preferably on one of the cross-bars, the outer end of that seatboard being supported by the links E, connected to the arms F, which are pivotally connected to the sides of the frame and preferably slotted, as at a, for the purpose of l more closely folding.
The links E have the extensions h below the seat carrying the footboards @,pivoted thereto. Between the side-bars of the frame is pivoted the back G, the pivot-support being at the i lower end and the upper end being supported by a spring II, secured to the frame in any desired manner.
The spring has an adjustable connection with the back, as by means of the winged nut d on the bolt, which" en gages through the slot e in the spring, so that the back may be tilted forward or back, as desired, as plainly shown in dotted lines, Fig. 2.
I is an arm hinged to the frame, preferably belowthe seat and preferably bifurcated to connect to the two side-bars, as plainly shown in Fig. l. At the lower end this bar is provided with the wheel or wheels J. The arm I is connected to the axle K of the front wheels by a folding link L, and the folding link is connected by means of the link M with the under part of the seat. The connection of the link M to the seat is preferably through a rod O and the sliding sleeve P, so as to enable the parts to fold closer than they would otherwise with the construction shown. The
sliding connection, however, is not necessary.
The rear end of the link L is provided with a slot Qfor the same purpose; but, if desired, this may be omitted. I provide a canopy for the top, which may be of any suitable construction and is notshown, but is supported upon an arm S, having a curved rear end T, provided with a slit U, through which it engages the bolt U on the handle B, with a winged nut V for clamping it in its adjusted position.
It is evident that by turning the arm S to any desired angle in relation to the frame the canopy will be raised over the seat.
The link L is provided with a rule-joint, so as to break up only and to lock it in its straight position, so that the desirable way to fold the carriage up is to draw up on the seat, which will fold the link and draw in the arm I at the same time. It may bedone, however, by striking the joint of the link L by the foot and then pressing on the link I,which will fold up both parts. n
What I claim as my invention is- 1. In a perambulator, the .combination of the frame A having wheels atthe lower end, of a hinged seat, a rearwardly extending hinged wheeled arm, a folding link connecting the arm to the stationary part of the frame and a connection from the folding link IOO to the seat whereby the folding of both the seat and the arm is effected by moving one.
2. In a perambulator the combination of the frame A having a wheeled axle at the lower end, of a rearwardly-inclined arm I pi voted to the frame and having a wheel or wheels at the lower end, a folding link having a rulef joint connecting the axle of the frame with the arm and the link connecting the folding link with the seat, whereby the drawing up of the seat will positively fold in the arm I, substantially as described.
3. In a perambulator, the combination of the frame A, the arm I pivoted thereto and extending rearwardly and downwardly therefrom having a wheel or wheels at its lower end, the folding link L connecting the arm
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