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Publication numberUS606912 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 5, 1898
Filing dateApr 27, 1897
Publication numberUS 606912 A, US 606912A, US-A-606912, US606912 A, US606912A
InventorsOtto Titus Blathy
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 606912 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

No. 606,9I2. Patented July 5, I898.

' u. T. BLA'THY & K. DE KANmi.


(Application filed. Apr 27, 1897.)

(N0 Model.) 2 Sheets-8heet l.


UNlllFD STATES PATENT omen orro rrrus BLKTHY AND KOLOMAN on KANDO, or nunnrnsrn,


MEANS FOR PREVENTING DISTURBANCES 1N TELEPHONlC CIRCUITS SFEOIFIGATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 606,912, dated July 5, 1898.

Application filed April 27, 1397. Serial No. 634,173. (No model.)

To aZZ whom it may concern.-

Be it known that we, OTTO TITUS BLATHY and KOLOMAN DE KANDO, subjects of the Emperor of Austria-Hungary, and residents of Buda-Pesth, Austria-llungary,have invented new and useful Means for Preventing Disturbances in Telephonic Circuits, of which the following is a specification.

It is a generally-recognized fact that alternating-electriccurrent circuits which are grounded at several points or which use the earth as a conductor will cause disturbances in the working of telephonic apparatus using the earth in the neighborhood as a return. These disturbances are caused by portions of the alternating current taking their way through the telephonic circuits and apparatus which are in connection with the earth. In this way the membranes of the telephone apparatus are caused to vibrate, emitting sounds which disturb the use of the telephone as a means of communication. v

The purpose of the present invention is to give to the vibrations of the telephone-membranes such a character that no audible sound is emitted by them due to such disturbances. This result is attained by using alternating current following the simple sine-curve or a similar one of such a low frequency that the vibrations set up in the telephone-membranes are slower than those of the lowest tone that can be heard. Our experiments have shown that alternating currents of a sinusoidal form and of a frequency less than twenty complete periods per second do not cause audible sounds to be emitted by the telephone; but if the current contained also higherharmonic vibrations then these will cause higher tones to be heard in the telephones. Such higher harmonic vibrations are generally present in the current-curves of alternating-current motor-circuits and are caused by the fact that in the motors which have a very small airgap the induction coefficient is Variable in consequence of the relative displacement of the teeth of the rotor and those of the stator. Now these disturbances of the telephonic apparatus by the alternating-current circuits can be avoided by the use of motors which have the conductors embedded in slantwise slots either in the rotor or the stator, or in both, but in such a way that the slots of the rotor are not parallel to those of the stator, as shown in the accompanying drawings.

Figure 1 is a perspective View of one part of the motor, and Fig. 2 is a similar view of the other part, while Fig. 8 is a diagram illustratin g circuits.

Referring to Figs. 1 and 2, R may be taken as the rotor with slantwise slots 5, while Sis the stator with slantwise slots 3.

In Fig. 3, G is the generator, connected directly or through a transformerTtoline conductors 1 2, to which are connected motors M, directly or through transformers T. The telephone-line is indicated at 3 and the instruments at B.

E E indicate earth connections. A battery I) is shown in the telephonic circuit, which in this instance is shown grounded.

WVe claim as our invention- Monophase or polyphase altei'natingcurrent plants which have one of the conductors grounded, with alternating currents of a frequency less than twenty complete periods per second, in combination with monophase or polyphase alternatingcurrent motors with slantwise slots, for preventing disturbinginfluence on telephone apparatus.

In testimony whereof we have signed our names to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.

o'rro Trrus BLZlTrri/ KOLOMAN nn KANDO.


LnLLo Ponrononvo, Lnoronn NEUSHARI).

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2497113 *Feb 21, 1946Feb 14, 1950Curry Herman HInduction generator
US2594931 *Jan 14, 1950Apr 29, 1952Dynamatic CorpDynamoelectric apparatus
US4761576 *Dec 19, 1986Aug 2, 1988General Motors CorporationMotor driven air moving apparatus for high speed, constant duty operation
US4871934 *Apr 3, 1987Oct 3, 1989Nec CorporationInduction motor
US5220228 *Feb 15, 1991Jun 15, 1993Sankyo Seiki Mfg. Co., Ltd.Rotating electric machine with bevelled armature poles
US5323077 *Nov 4, 1992Jun 21, 1994Siemens AktiengesellschaftElectrical machine having a permanent-magnet-excited rotor
US5382861 *Mar 31, 1993Jan 17, 1995Kone OyAsynchronous motor and a procedure for the manufacturing of the stator and/or rotor of an asynchronous motor
US6597078Jan 30, 2001Jul 22, 2003Emerson Electric Co.Electric power steering system including a permanent magnet motor
US6707209 *May 9, 2001Mar 16, 2004Emerson Electric Co.Reduced cogging torque permanent magnet electric machine with rotor having offset sections
US20020067092 *May 9, 2001Jun 6, 2002Crapo Alan D.Magnetization of permanent magnet rotors with offset rotor sections
US20050121989 *Dec 1, 2004Jun 9, 2005Asmo Co., Ltd.Brushless motor having claw pole type stator
Cooperative ClassificationH02P21/0089