US 609401 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. 609,40l. Patented Aug. 23, I898. G. P. BEISEL.
(Application filed Aug. 3, 1897.)
P E; 1 1's Ano s,
CHARLES P. BEISEL, OF WILKES-BARRF], PENNSYLVANIA.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 609,4Q1, dated August 23, 1898.
Application filed August 3, 1897- Serial No. 646,966. (No model.) i
To colt whom, it may concern.-
Be it known that I, CHARLES P. BEISEL, a citizen of the United States, residing at WVilkes-Barr, in the county of Luzerne and State of Pennsylvania, have invented a new and useful Skate, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to improvements in skates of that class wherein a divided footplate is used in connection with a divided runner and with foot and heel clamps controlled from a single adj usting-lever; and the primary object of the invention is to produce an improved skate of simple construction which enables the skater to use the same to better advantage andwith less fatigue than all other forms of skates known to me.
A further object of the invention is to provide an improved skate wherein the user is enabled to bend the foot and shoe freely and without restraint either fromthe skate or its fastening appliances while in the act of striking out, which will be held securely on the foot against any longitudinal displacement or play and still relieve the shoe sole and heel to such an extent as to prevent giving away of said parts, and to relieve the skater from the cramping and strain of the limbs due. to the use of skates havingcontinuous stiff plates or the continuous platespring foot-plates.
Afurther object of the invention is to provide an improved construction of the footclamp, in which its elements are so adjusted and controlled that the foot of the skater, without regard to the size or shape, may be properly centered on the skate, and the latter is made applicable to different-shaped feet.
With these ends in view my invention consists, first, of a skate having its foot-plate and runner divided transversely on a line intermediate of its ends to produce a toe section or member and a foot section or member, means for pivotally connecting the toe member to the foot member of the divided skate, a spring which tends to normally throw up or lift the toe member, and a clamp which is carried only by the foot member of the skate, but which has no connection either directly or indirectly with the toe membe y and the latter is thus left free of any restraint from the clamp which attaches the skate to the foot.
.The invention further consists in the com- 'bination, with afoot-plate and a threaded rod operated by a lever, of a slidable bracket or carrier provided with a boss and with a pivotaperture arranged in eccentric relation to said boss, afoot-clamp having one member loosely fitted on the boss of the slidable bracket or carrier and its other member connected by a pivot to the eccentrically-placed opening in the carrier or bracket, and means for slidably attaching the bracket or carrier to the foot plate of the skate in a manner to guide the carrier or bracket in a direction diagonally across the foot-plate; and the invention further consists in the novel combination of elements and in the construction and arrangement of parts, which will be hereinafter fully described and claimed.
To enable others to understand my invention, I have illustrated the preferred embodiment thereof in the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, and in which Figure 1 is a top plan view of a skate constructed in accordance with my invention. Fig. 2 is an inverted or bottom plan view thereof. Fig. 3 is a longitudinal sectional elevation on the plane indicated by the dotted line 3 3 of Fig. 2; Fig. 4C, a detail perspective view of the slidable bracket with the parts of the foot-clamp detached or separated one from the other.
Like numerals of reference denote corresponding parts in all the figures of the drawings. 1
In my improved skate I provide a runner 1,
which is dividedat a point near the front or toe portion thereof, and the foot-plate 2 is also divided transversely and coincidently with the division in the runner. This division of the runner and the foot-plate provides the main part or foot member proper (indicated at 3) and the toe section or member, (indicated at 4.) The toe section or member 4: hasits part of the runner and the plate joined rigidly together in any suitable manner-as, for instance, by riveting the parts 5 but themain part 3 of the skate has the runner, the other part of the foot-plate, and the heelplate 5 all united rigidly together-as, for instance, by riveting. The'division between the main part of the skate and its independnear the middle part of the shoe and foot when the skate is applied, and with a divided skate of this character I have combined the foot-clamp and the spring in anovel manner to provide a free or unrest-rained movement of the toe-section 4 of the skate.
The toe-section 4 is pivoted or hinged to the foot and heel section 3 by a pintle or hingerod 6, which is supported in suitable lugs or plates 7 8, fastened, respectively, to the adjacent edges of the plates 011 the toe and foot members et 3 of the skate, and around this pintle or rod is fitted a coiled spring 9, which is held or confined in place on the pintle and between the lugs or plates, one end of said spring being held or clamped between the plate and lug of the foot-section, while the other end of the spring is held between the plate and lug of the toe-section, as shown by 'Figs. 2 and 3.
The foot-clamp 10 has no connection, either directly or indirectly, with the toe member or section 4 of the skate; but this clamp 10 is carried exclusively by the foot section or member 3 in a manner to attach the skate firmly and solidly to the shoe-sole, and thus leave the toe section or member 4- to have an unrestrained upward movement against the skaters foot by the pressure of the spring 9.
From this description it will be apparent that the divided skate with the foot-clam p on the main body or part and with the spring acting against the unrestrained hinged toesection enables the skater to bend the foot and shoe with great freedom of motion in the act of striking out. The skate is held against any longitudinal play or displacement on the foot by the action of the foot and heel clamps, while the spring tends to hold the hinged toesection firmly against the bottom of the shoesole, so as to enable the toe-section to yield or give freely to the pressure of the foot against the said hinged toe-section. The improved skate is thus well adapted to the needs of the skater, and the improved clamp obviates any tendency to pull off the sole or heel from the shoe and to relieve the skater from the cramp and strain of the limbs due to the use of skates where a continuous foot-plate is used or where the foot-clamp is carried by the hinged toe-section.
I construct the main foot-section 3 with a diagonal longitudinal slot and provide a peculiar form of the foot-clamp 10 for the purpose of centering the skaters foot on the skate without reference to the shape of the foot or the shoe. In this embodiment of the invention I use a two-part clamp in which a differential play or movement is given to the two parts of the clamp in order that one part of the clamp may be projected beyond the edge of the foot-plate more than the other part of the clamp, whereby the position of the shoe and the foot on the skate may be changed according to the shape of the foot or the shoe.
The clamp 10 consists of the parts 11 and 12, the slidablecarrierorbracket 13,and a slidable stud which serves to attach the bracket or carrier slidably to the foot-plate and to pivotally attach the two parts of the clamp to the carrier or bracket. The bracket itself is cast in a single piece of metal with a circular boss 14 and with a pair of apertured lugs or cars 15, and this circular boss 14 of the carrier or bracket is pierced with an opening 16, which occupies an eccentric relation to the boss and the bracket. The part or member 11 of the foot-clamp is enlarged at one end and provided with an opening 11*, which enables the clamp member 11 to be fitted loosely on the boss 14 of the bracket and to be thus attached pivotally thereto. The other part or member 12 of the foot-clamp is pierced with an opening 12, and it is adjusted to lie upon the boss 14 and the pivoted end of the other part 11. Through the eccentric opening 16 of the bracket and the opening 12 of the clamp member 12 is passed a headed rivet or pin 18, whereby one member or part of the clamp is attached centrally to the bracket, while the other part of the clamp is pivoted eccentrically thereto, and thus the two parts of the clamp are given a differential play or movement when the bracket or carrier is adjusted on the foot-plate of the skate. In the rear part of the foot-plate of the skate is provided a longitudinal slot 19, which is arranged in a slightly-inclined or diagonal position with reference to the axial line of the skate and its foot-plate, and through this slot 19 passes the end of the headed pivot or rivet. This rivet or pivot thus serves to slidably attach the bracket or carrier to the foot-plate and to hold said carrier and the clamp members in proper relation to the foot-plate, and these clamp members are also slidabl y attached to the foot-plate near its edges by means of the pins or rivets which pass through curved slots in the clamp members and are fastened to the foot plate. The described construction of the foot-clamp in connection with the slidable bracket or carrier and the diagonal slot in the foot-plate gives to the clamp an adjustment which enables one part or memberthereof to be projected beyond the side of the foot-plate more than the other part of the clamp, and thus the clamp is adjusted or controlled to enable it to properly center different sized and shaped feet to the skate in order to have the foot and shoe bear properly upon the skate.
The inclined slot 1.9, in connection with the slidable carrier for the toe-clamp, which has its members connected to the carrier to have differential play or movement, possesses utility in the combination of parts in that said slot furthers the ends to be attained by a toe-clamp having its members mounted for differential play. The function of the slot,
in connection with the toe-clamp of the nature described, is to mount the clamp on the skate so that one member is projected beyond one side of the skate to a greater extent than the projection of the other member beyond the opposite side of the skate, and by having the slot inclined longitudinally of the foot-plate to assume the diagonal position thereon the toe-clamp carrier is adapted to assume positions where its members project for different distances beyond the sides of the skate. At the same time the clamp has its members mounted on the carrier for differential movement, and thus the clamp is adapted to be fitted to shoes of diiferent sizes.
I prefer to provide my skate with a twopart heel-clamp, the members of which are indicated at 20 21 and provided with slots 22, through which pass the fastening-rivets 23. The inner ends of the heel-clamp members are pivoted at a common point to the locking-lever 24 at the place indicated by the rivet 25, and this lever is fulcrumed on the rear extremity of the adjusting bolt or stem 26. The front end of said stem or bolt is screw-threaded, and it passes freely through the apertured lugs 15 of the bracket or carrier. On this stem works the adjusting-nut 27, which is confined loosely between the spaced lugs or cars of the bracket or plate, and thus the adjustment of the nut on the stem moves the bracket or plate to adjust the foot-clamp members 11 12 to the width of the shoe-sole.
The threaded extremity of the stem is free from a head, pin, or other obstruction to enable the nut and the bracket to be removed. This construction also provides for the reversal of the bracket or carrier on the stem to change the position of the bracket with relation to the parts or members of the footclamp, and thus the foot-clamp is adjustable to serve its purposes to the best advantage.
It is thought that the operation and the advantages of my improved skate will be readily understood from the foregoing description, taken in connection with the drawings.
I am aware that changes in the form and proportion of parts and in the details of construction of the device herein shown and described as the preferred embodiment of my invention may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention. I therefore reserve the right to make such modifications and alterations as fairly fall within the scope of the invention.
Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-- 1. A divided sectional skate comprising a main part or foot member, a hinged toe member, a spring to normally lift the toe member, and a clamp carried by the foot member solely and entirely independent of the hinged toe member, whereby the skate may be held rigidly on the foot and the toe member is given an unrestrained yielding pressure against the foot, as and for the purposes described.
2. A divided sectional skate comprising a main part or foot member, a toe member, a pintle which connects the two members pivotally together, a coiled spring fitted on the pintle and having its ends connected to the respective members, and a clamp carried solely by the foot member and entirely dis connected from the hinged toe member, as and for the purposes described.
3. In a skate, a foot-plate provided with a slot which is arranged diagonally to the longitudinal axis of said foot-plate and the line of travel of the toe-clamp, combined with a two part toe clamp having its members united together by a slidable pivot which plays in said diagonal slot and imparts differential movement to the two members of said toe-clamp, and means for actuating the foot-clamp, substantially as described.
4. In a skate, the combination with a footplate, and a lever-controlled stem,of a bracket or carrier fitted on said stem and provided with a boss and an eccentric aperture, a twopart foot-clamp having one member thereof fitted loosely on the boss of said carrier, and a headed stud which serves to connect the other'member of the foot-clamp to the eccentrically-apertured part of the carrier and to slidably attach the carrier to the foot-plate, as and for the purposes described.
5. In a skate, the combination with a levercontrolled stem, and a foot-plate having an inclined slot therein, of a carrier loosely connected to the slotted foot-plate and adjustably mounted on the stem, and a two-part clamp having its members connected with the bracket or carrier to have differential play or movement imparted thereto, as and for the purposes described.
6. In a skate, the combination of a footplate having a longitudinal inclined slot, a
lever, a stem or rod threaded for a part of its length, a bracket or carrier with its lugs fitted to the stem and provided with a boss, a nut also fitted to the stem and arranged between the lugs of the bracket, a two-part clamp having one member loosely fitted to the boss of the bracket, and a head-stud which passes through the slot in the foot-plate and serves to pivot the other part of the foot-clamp to the bracket in eccentric relation to the same, as and for the purposes described.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto affixed my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
CHAS. P. BEISEL.
JOHN H. SIGGERS, Y
FRANCES PEYTON SMITH.