US 610159 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. 6I0,l59. Patented Aug. 30, |898. R. G. SPEER.
(Application tiled Aug. 30. 1897,)
v. v v v 5 M Y Il (N0 Model.)
Unire ROBERT c.. srnnaorsr. Louis, MISSOURI.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 610,159, dated August 30, 1898. Application led August 30, 1897. Serial No. 650,048. (No model.)
T0 all whom. it may concern:
Be it known that I, ROBERT G. SrnER, a citizen of the United States, residing at St. Louis, in the State of Missouri, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Gas Apparatus; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had `to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification.
The present invention relates to that class of gas-making apparatus in which a body of air to form fuel and illuminating gas is enriched or charged with the vapor of alight hydrocarbon, such as gasolene, the object of the present improvement being to provide a simple, cheap, and effective apparatus by means of which such enrichment of the body of air is attained in a rapid and thorough manner, as will hereinafter more fully appear, and be more particularly pointed out in the claims. I attain such object by the const-ruction and arrangement of parts illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in Which- Figure 1 is a longitudinal vertical section of an apparatus constructed in accordance with the present invention. Figs. 2 and 3 are plan views of the alternating trays of the present apparatus.
Similar numerals of reference indicate similar parts in the different views.
Referring to the drawings, 1 represents a closed casin g that constitutes the main chamber of the present apparatus and which has a removable cover portion 2, by which access is gained to the interior of the casing for the purpose of repair and the like. Within the chamber is arranged a series of three or more horizontal trays or partitions 3 and f1, that are supported the proper distance apart by intermediate supporting-rings 5, as shown. The purpose of such arrangement is to provide for a ready and convenient removal'of the trays 3 4. and their supporting-rings 5 through the open top of the inclosing chamber after the cover portion 2 is removed for the frequent cleaning of such parts from the dirt and sediment left in the apparatus, and for this purpose the trays and their supportingrings are of a separate construction and loosely arp ranged within the inclosing chamber.
. In the present invention the trays 3 and 4 l .are formed with a plane or flat marginal portion 6 and a central corrugated portion 7, the corrugations of which are of a concentric nature and arranged wholly below the plane of the flat marginal portion, as shown, so as to retain a body of the gasolene or other carbureting liquids in a separated condition upon the upper surface of such"trays and in the presentv arrangement, as above described, prevent such gasolene from passing or seeping down in a direct manner at the loose spaces between the margin of such trays, their supporting-rings, and the inner Wall of the inclosing casing.
Each alternate tray 3 will be formed with marginal passages or orificesS, while the tray or trays fi intermediate of the trays 3 will be formed with a `central orifice or passage 9. With this construction a serpentine course will be imparted to the passing air, so as to bring the same into effective contact with the gasolene upon the trays to very thoroughly irnpregnate such airwith the vapor and form a gas having illuminating and heating properties.
Air is introduced into the lower portion of the casing from any suitable sourceof pressure through the air-supply pipe 10, that has a downturned outlet end 11, that extends to or near the center of the casing, as shown, and in order that such pipe 10 will not interfere with the introduction into place of the lowermost supporting-ring 5 such ring will be formed with downwardly-extending feet 5', that rest upon the flange of the bottom and straddle such pipe, as shown in Fig. 1.
12 is the outlet-pipe, connecting with the top of the main chamber and extending to a gas burner or burners, &c.
13 is a filling-funnel connecting with the pipe 12, as shown, and adapted for use in replenishing the apparatus with gasolene from time to time. 14 is a cock controlling the passage from said funnel to the interior of the main chamber.
15 is a wire gage-barrier arranged in a suitable expanded housing 16 in the main outletpipe 12, the purpose being to prevent an accidental passage backward of the iiame from a gas stove or burner into the interior of the roo main chamber to cause a dangerous explosion.
trolling-valve 17 and adapted to draw off the remainder of the gasolene, sediment, &c.
Having thus fully described my said invention, whatlclairn as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. In a oarbureting apparatus, the combination of a tank or casing having a removable cover portion, inlet and outlet pipes or passages connected to said casing, a series of trays arranged loosely within said casing and formed with plane marginal portions, and corru gated central portions, the corrugations being concentric, and a series of loose supportingerings, arranged between the extreme marginal portions of the trays, said trays being formed alternately with a single central orice and with a series of marginal orifices, substantially as set forth.
2. In a carbureting apparatus, the combination of a tank or casing, having inlet and outlet pipes or passages, a series of trays arranged one above the other in said casing in separated relation, and formed with plane marginal portions, and corrugated central portions, the corrugations being concentric and arranged Wholly below the plane of the marginal portion and adapted to contain a body of gasolene in a separated condition, the said trays being provided alternately with a single central orifice, and With a series of marginal orifices, substantially as set forth.
3. In a carbureting apparatus, the combination of tank or casing 1, an inletpipe 10, extending into the central part of the tank,
and provided with a downturned end 11, an
outlet-pipe 12, a filling-funnel 13, a series of removable trays 3 and 4, having alternate central and marginal oriices 9 and 8, and loose rings 5,supporting the trays in separated relation, substantially as set forth.
In testimony whereof witness my hand this 23d day of August, 1897.
ROBERT G. SPEER. In presence of- CHARLEs PrcKLns, LoUIs DoRIoT.