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Publication numberUS611585 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 27, 1898
Filing dateNov 23, 1897
Publication numberUS 611585 A, US 611585A, US-A-611585, US611585 A, US611585A
InventorsJohn B. Andres
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pneumatic mattress
US 611585 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Patented Sept. 277 |898.

Na.. 6||,5a5.` J. B. ANDRES.


` (Appliczion med Nov. 2a, 1897.)



SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 61 1,585, dated September 27, 1898.

Application filed November 23, v1897- Serial No. 659,567. (No model.)`

To all whom t may concern:

Be it known that I, JOHN B. ANDRES, a citizen of the United States of America, residing at Denver, in the county of Arapahoe and State of Colorado, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Pneumatic Mattressesg-and I do declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the artto which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings and to the letters and gures of reference marked thereon, .which form a part of this specification.

My invention relates to improvements in pneumatic mattresses, my object being to provide a ventilated lmattress of this charac- `ter which may be of any required thickness and whose surfaces shall be approximately fiat.

To these ends the invention consists of the features hereinafter describedand claimed, all of which will be fully understood by reference to the accompanying drawings, in which is illustrated an embodimentthereof.

In the drawings, Figure l is a combination View, the left-hand part being shown in plan and the right-hand part in horizontal section. Fig. 2 is a vertical cross-section of the mattress. Fig. 3 is a cross-section showing another form of construct-ion.

The mattress material must of course be made air-tight; but as there is nothing new about this I will Vassume that the mattress fabric is suitable for holding air and that the edges of the two sides are suitably connected for the same purpose.

Referring now to Figs. l and 2, let the numerals 5 and 6 designate the'top and bottom or opposite sides of the mattress. Between the two sides and inclosed by the mattress fabric 'are placed strips 7, which are arranged to cross one another at points where the ven-` tilating-orifices are to be formed. At each crossing of the strips apertures are formed through both. Apertures are also formed in the sides 5 and 6 of the mattress fabric and so located as to coincide with each other.

The area inclosed by lines connecting four of .l

these adjacent apertures when the sides are flat must be larger than the area inclosed by lines connecting thev four corresponding apertures formed in the strips 7. 6 are then arranged to'cause their apertures to coincide or register with the apertures formed in the strips 7, the result being that when the eyelets, gromets, or Ventilatingeyes S are inserted and fastened in the apertures of the sides 5 and 6 and the strips 7 the sides are sufficiently full or loose to form pockets A, which when the mattress is iniiated will extend in opposite directions from the strips 7 and give the mattress any desired thickness. The thickness of the mattress is of course regulated by the fullness of the sides, whereby the pockets A are given. more or less volume, as required.

The openings in the eyelets or Ventilatingeyes 8 may be made of any size necessary to give the desired ventilation. When it is desired to have the pockets A only on one side ofthe mattress, one of the sides-for instance, that which is designated by the referencecharacter GfL (see Fig. 3)-is made of less area than the opposite side 5, and the apertures are so formed in the two sides that after the Ventilating-eyes 8 are applied and the side 6 stretched flat the side 5 will be sufficiently full to form pockets A when the mattress is inflated, the pockets projecting only in one direction. In this case the mattress side 6n takes the place of the strips 7 in regulating the size of the mattress.

It will be understood that instead of the strips 7 a continuous sheet of suitable material may be employed. The strips-7 are used to economize material and to diminish the weight of the mattress.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim is l. In a ventilated pneumatic mattress, the combination with the fabric comprising the top and bottom of the mattress, of a piece of fabric located between the top and bottom parts and inclosed thereby, its edges being free from the outer mattress fabric, apertures being formed in the outer mattress fabric and the interposed piece of fabric, and ventilating-eyes inserted in said apertures and fastened tothe said parts.

2. In a pneumatic mattress, the combina-l tion with the outer mattress fabric, of crossed strips interposed between the top and bottom of the mattress, apertures being formed in The sides 5 and.


the top and bottom parts and the interposedv 1o ric, and suitable fastening devices passed through the top, bottom and intermediate parts whereby the said parts are securely fastened together.

In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.




Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3419923 *Dec 6, 1965Jan 7, 1969Stuart C. CowanBaby environment simulator
US5561875 *Oct 25, 1994Oct 8, 1996Crown Therapeutics, Inc.Vacuum/heat formed cushion supported on a fluid permeable manifold
US5596781 *Oct 20, 1995Jan 28, 1997Crown Therapeutics, Inc.Vacuum/heat formed cushion with pyramidal, inflatable cells
US6913803Nov 15, 2002Jul 5, 20053M Innovative Properties CompanyOne-way valve for inflatable package
US6978893 *Nov 15, 2002Dec 27, 20053M Innovative Properties CompanyInflatable packaging system
US7168566Nov 15, 2002Jan 30, 20073M Innovative Properties CompanyLow profile inflatable package protection system
US20030094394 *Nov 15, 2002May 22, 20033M Innovative Properties CompanyLow profile inflatable package protection system
US20030094395 *Nov 15, 2002May 22, 20033M Innovative Properties CompanyInflatable packaging system
US20130061396 *Jul 13, 2012Mar 14, 2013Stryker CorporationPatient/invalid handling support
WO1996012426A1 *Oct 24, 1995May 2, 1996Crown Therapeutics, Inc.Vacuum/heat formed cushion
Cooperative ClassificationA47C27/081