|Publication number||US6120099 A|
|Application number||US 09/147,966|
|Publication date||Sep 19, 2000|
|Filing date||Sep 24, 1997|
|Priority date||Sep 24, 1996|
|Publication number||09147966, 147966, PCT/1997/1611, PCT/SE/1997/001611, PCT/SE/1997/01611, PCT/SE/97/001611, PCT/SE/97/01611, PCT/SE1997/001611, PCT/SE1997/01611, PCT/SE1997001611, PCT/SE199701611, PCT/SE97/001611, PCT/SE97/01611, PCT/SE97001611, PCT/SE9701611, US 6120099 A, US 6120099A, US-A-6120099, US6120099 A, US6120099A|
|Inventors||Karen Reikerås, Martin Lindstrom|
|Original Assignee||Autoliv Development, Ab Volvo|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (49), Classifications (9), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to a head-rest, and more particularly relates to a head-rest for use in a motor vehicle.
2. Description of the Related Art
It is common to provide a head-rest on a seat in a motor vehicle. A principal function of the head-rest is to prevent the head of the occupant moving rearwardly, relative to the torso of the occupant, in the event that a rear impact should arise. Also, the head-rest prevents the head of an occupant of the vehicle moving in an undesirable way when the occupant moves back into the seat after being restrained by a seat-belt and/or air-bag, following a frontal impact. However, a head-rest may also find an additional use, especially by a passenger in a motor vehicle, where the head-rest may provide support for the head of the passenger, especially if the passenger wishes to rest or sleep.
A typical head-rest only provides a relatively small area upon which to rest the head. One reason for this is to enable rear seat passengers to enjoy a forward view. In order to provide improved comfort it has been proposed to provide, on a head-rest, elements which move from a retracted position to an extended position, in order to provide more support. For example, U.S. Pat. No. 4,205,878 discloses an arrangement in which two elements are provided, one located on each side of the central part of the head-rest, the elements being movable axially, that is to say in a direction extending towards the front of the seat, in order to provide improved support. However, the the forwardly extended position, is relatively small.
The present invention seeks to provide an improved head-rest.
According to this invention there is provided a head-rest for a motor vehicle seat, the head-rest defining a front face adapted to support the head of an occupant of the seat, and side parts located on either side of the front face, the head-rest having two extendable elements, each adapted to move from a retracted position to an extending position, the extendable elements being adapted to move, with an arcuate sliding motion, from the retracted position through the side parts of the head-rest to an extended position in which the elements extend laterally relative to the head-rest and forwardly relatively to the head-rest.
Preferably each extendable element comprises means adapted to engage a rail of arcuate form associated with the head-rest, each element being movable in a slidable manner along the rail.
Conveniently the rail is defined within the headrest.
Advantageously the rail comprises two opposed arcuate recesses, and each movable element has an arcuate plate, the opposed edges of which are received within the opposed recesses.
In one embodiment the recesses are formed in the upper and lower walls of a substantially hollow tubular housing that extends transversely of the head-rest.
Preferably the front face of each extendable element is upholstered.
In order that the invention may be more readily understood, and so that further features thereof may be appreciated, the invention will now be described, by way of example, with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a head-rest for a seat in a motor vehicle in a first condition,
FIG. 2 is a view corresponding to FIG. 1 showing the head-rest in a second condition,
FIG. 3 is a view showing part of the head-rest of FIGS. 1 and 2 (with parts being cut away for the sake of clarity of illustration) illustrating the interior of the head-rest,
FIG. 4A is a horizontal sectional view of the head-rest in the condition of FIG. 1, and
FIG. 4B is a horizontal sectional view of the head-rest in the condition of FIG. 2.
Referring initially to FIGS. 1 and 2 of the accompanying drawings, a head-rest 1 to be mounted on a vehicle seat presents a front face 2 which may be constituted by fabric, or by a thin layer of plastic material, which may simulate leather, or by real leather, which is located in front of interior padding.
The head-rest presents two side faces 3,3'. A central region of each side face 3,3' is formed by one end 4 of an extendable element 5,6 which can be moved from a retracted position, as shown in FIG. 1, in which the extendable elements 5,6 are totally retained within the head-rest 1, to a position as shown in FIG. 2 in which the extendable elements 5,6 extend laterally outwardly and forwardly from the side faces 3,3' of the head-rest 1. The extendable elements are movable manually from the retracted position as shown in FIG. 1 to the extended position shown in FIG. 2. The forwardly directed face 7,8 of each of the extendable elements 5,6 may be covered with fabric, or a layer of plastic material, which may simulate leather, or may be covered with real leather, and padding is located behind the fabric or the layer of plastic so that the front face 7,8 of each of the extendable elements 5,6 forms a comfortable surface against which the occupant of the seat may rest his head.
Turning now to FIGS. 3 and 4, the front face 2 of the head-rest 1 is illustrated and comprises, as mentioned above, either fabric or a layer of a plastic material, or a layer of leather.
Contained within the head-rest is a support element 10, in the form of a hollow tubular housing, which extends transversely of the head-rest. The support element 10 has a front, substantially vertical wall 11. The front wall 11 is a rigid wall having an outwardly curving form, and is separated from the front face 2 of the head-rest by padding.
The support element 10 has a rear vertical wall 12. The rear wall 12 is located at the rear part of the headrest 1 and is covered by a region 13 of the fabric or layer of plastic, or layer of leather, that form the front face 2 of the head-rest.
The support element 10 also includes a lower wall 14 which inter-connects the front wall 11 and the rear wall 12, and an upper wall 15 which also inter-connects the front wall 11 and the rear wall 12. The lower wall 14 has defined therein two arcuate grooves, 16,17, located at respective opposed ends of the support element 10 and extending generally axially of the support element. The arcuate grooves are symmetrically arranged, and lie on a common arc. The upper wall 15 also has two arcuate grooves formed therein, only one of which, 18, is visible in FIG. 3. The arcuate grooves in the upper wall 15 overlie the arcuate grooves 16,17 in the lower wall.
The arcuate grooves, as described above, define rails which support the extendable elements 6 and 7.
As can be seen most clearly in FIGS. 4A and 4B, each of the extendable elements 5 and 6 comprise an inner metal core 20. The inner metal core defines a vertical arcuate plate 21. The radius of curvature of the arcuate plate is the same as the radius of curvature of the arcuate grooves. The upper and lower edges of the arcuate plate 21 are received within the arcuate grooves 16,17,18, so that each metal core 20 may slide along the rail defined by the grooves.
Each metal core also defines an axially extending end piece 23 which extends axially of the seat to which the head-rest is fitted and substantially transversely to the arcuate plate 21. The metal core is provided with an outer covering 24 formed of fabric or a layer of plastic which may simulate leather, or a layer of real leather. The outer covering 24 lies adjacent the rear surface of the arcuate plate 21 and then passes adjacent to the exterior of the end piece 23. The fabric or layer of plastic or layer of leather 24 then extends in front of the metal core 20 and is separated therefrom by means of padding 25. This part of the fabric or layer of plastic or layer of leather thus provides an upholstered front face 7,8 for the extendable elements.
The extendable elements are moved from the retracted position as shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 4A, by manually grasping the exposed end parts of the extendable elements and applying an appropriate force, causing the elements to slide, in an arcuate manner, along the rails defined by the arcuate recesses 16,17,18. As can be seen from FIG. 4B, when the extendable elements are in the extended position, each element presents a relatively comfortable upholstered front face 7,8, which effectively forms a forwardly and laterally extending projection of the front face 2 of the head-rest. Thus, the head-rest provides a substantial degree of comfort to a person who wishes to use the head-rest as a support for the head whilst sleeping.
The extendable elements may be mechanically interconnected, so that when one of the elements is grasped and moved, the other element simultaneously executes an equivalent movement. Means, such as a motor driving pinions which engages rocks carried by each extendable element, to drive the extendable elements between the extended and retracted positions.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4205878 *||Aug 2, 1978||Jun 3, 1980||Wooten James D||Pull out headrest|
|DE3039934A1 *||Oct 23, 1980||May 6, 1982||Audi Ag||Vehicle seat head rest - has cheeks which can be folded down to headrest side and extendable when in operating position|
|EP0470051A1 *||Mar 20, 1991||Feb 5, 1992||Aviointeriors S.R.L.||Swinging vertically headrest for an armchair|
|GB2302268A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US6513871 *||Feb 5, 2001||Feb 4, 2003||Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft||Headrest on a vehicle seat|
|US6616235||Jun 17, 2002||Sep 9, 2003||World Market, Inc.||Seat assembly with integral head/neck rest|
|US6637072||Sep 17, 2001||Oct 28, 2003||Formway Furniture Limited||Castored base for an office chair|
|US6648416||Aug 17, 2001||Nov 18, 2003||Richard W. O'Connor||Headrest|
|US6692071 *||Feb 8, 2002||Feb 17, 2004||Lear Corporation||Side impact active head restraint|
|US6802566||Sep 17, 2001||Oct 12, 2004||Formway Furniture Limited||Arm assembly for a chair|
|US6817667||Sep 17, 2001||Nov 16, 2004||Formway Furniture Limited||Reclinable chair|
|US6893094||Jun 25, 2003||May 17, 2005||Dreamwings Corporation||Headrest with pivotable side support members|
|US7093903||Mar 28, 2005||Aug 22, 2006||Richard W. O'Connor||Winged headrest with safety features for vehicular use|
|US7131698 *||Oct 28, 2004||Nov 7, 2006||Be Aerospace, Inc.||Vehicle passenger seat with adjustable headrest|
|US7213884 *||Feb 8, 2003||May 8, 2007||Daimlerchrysler Ag||Vehicle seat with headrest comprising nuchal and lateral supports|
|US7237842 *||Mar 22, 2004||Jul 3, 2007||Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft||Headrest, particularly for a motor vehicle seat|
|US7264313 *||Nov 9, 2006||Sep 4, 2007||Robert Clough||Seat headrest|
|US7506926 *||Mar 11, 2005||Mar 24, 2009||Britax Excelsior Limited||Safety seat|
|US7798573||Sep 5, 2008||Sep 21, 2010||Formway Furniture Limited||Reclinable chair|
|US8845016||Oct 24, 2013||Sep 30, 2014||Domash Design Source LLC||Visual and/or acoustic privacy features|
|US8944505||Nov 10, 2011||Feb 3, 2015||Zodiac Seats Us Llc||Swiveling passenger seat|
|US8950813 *||Jan 11, 2013||Feb 10, 2015||Ali Nawaz||Integrated adjustable headrest|
|US8985622 *||Jan 10, 2014||Mar 24, 2015||Winnie Cannon||Personal protection assembly|
|US9446694 *||Dec 10, 2014||Sep 20, 2016||AISIN Technical Center of America, Inc.||Extendable comfort headrest|
|US9449591||Sep 29, 2014||Sep 20, 2016||Domash Design Source LLC||Visual and/or acoustic privacy features|
|US9481277 *||Sep 23, 2015||Nov 1, 2016||Ford Global Technologies, Llc||Adjustable headrest|
|US9738190||May 21, 2015||Aug 22, 2017||Ford Global Technologies, Llc||Head restraint for a vehicle seat|
|US9796306||Aug 17, 2015||Oct 24, 2017||Ford Global Technologies, Llc||Headrest for a vehicle seat|
|US20030234567 *||Jun 25, 2003||Dec 25, 2003||O'connor Richard W.||Headrest with pivotable side support members|
|US20050161993 *||Feb 8, 2003||Jul 28, 2005||Gerhard Flory||Vehicle seat with headrest comprising nuchal and lateral supports|
|US20050179300 *||Mar 28, 2005||Aug 18, 2005||O'connor Richard W.||Winged headrest with safety features for vehicular use|
|US20050248193 *||Oct 28, 2004||Nov 10, 2005||Be Aerospace, Inc.||Vehicle passenger seat with adjustable headrest|
|US20060181117 *||Mar 22, 2004||Aug 17, 2006||Schmuda Von Trzebiatowski Pete||Headrest,particularly for a motor vehicle seat|
|US20070108827 *||Nov 9, 2006||May 17, 2007||Robert Clough||Seat headrest|
|US20070222262 *||Mar 11, 2005||Sep 27, 2007||Britax Excelsior Limited||Safety Seat|
|US20080185894 *||Oct 5, 2006||Aug 7, 2008||Lear Corporation||Movable head restraint for improved vision|
|US20130181496 *||Jan 11, 2013||Jul 18, 2013||Ali Nawaz||Integrated Adjustable Headrest|
|USRE44432 *||Feb 3, 2005||Aug 13, 2013||Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft||Headrest on a vehicle seat|
|CN102712273A *||Dec 21, 2010||Oct 3, 2012||标致·雪铁龙汽车公司||Device constituting a lateral headrest for a vehicle|
|CN103129425A *||Nov 27, 2012||Jun 5, 2013||格拉默股份有限公司||Vehicle seat with side support element|
|CN103129425B *||Nov 27, 2012||Apr 27, 2016||格拉默股份有限公司||具有侧面支撑元件的车辆座椅|
|DE102007039063A1||Aug 17, 2007||Feb 19, 2009||Grammer Ag||Headrest for e.g. motor vehicle driver/passenger seat, has wing units formed as two-arm lever with inner and outer arms, where inner arm is assigned with locking mechanism co-operating with base support|
|DE102007039063B4 *||Aug 17, 2007||May 19, 2011||Grammer Ag||Kopfstütze für einen Fahrzeugsitz|
|DE102007042744A1 *||Sep 7, 2007||Mar 12, 2009||Daimler Ag||Fahrzeugsitz für ein Kraftfahrzeug|
|DE102014209888A1||May 23, 2014||Nov 26, 2015||Ford Global Technologies, Llc||Kopfstütze für einen Fahrzeugsitz|
|DE102014209889B3 *||May 23, 2014||May 13, 2015||Ford Global Technologies, Llc||Kopfstütze für einen Fahrzeugsitz|
|DE102014216307A1||Aug 18, 2014||Feb 18, 2016||Ford Global Technologies, Llc||Kopfstütze für einen Fahrzeugsitz|
|DE102014216308B3 *||Aug 18, 2014||Sep 24, 2015||Ford Global Technologies, Llc||Kopfstütze für einen Fahrzeugsitz|
|EP2033851A2||Aug 16, 2008||Mar 11, 2009||Daimler AG||Vehicle seat for a motor vehicle|
|EP2946969A1||Mar 19, 2015||Nov 25, 2015||Ford Global Technologies, LLC||Head rest for a vehicle seat|
|WO2005060591A3 *||Dec 8, 2004||Aug 17, 2006||Be Aerospace Inc||Vehicle passenger seat with adjustable headrest|
|WO2011095701A1 *||Dec 21, 2010||Aug 11, 2011||Peugeot Citroën Automobiles SA||Device constituting a lateral headrest for a vehicle|
|WO2016092440A1 *||Dec 4, 2015||Jun 16, 2016||Bombardier Inc.||Headrest with adjustable side elements|
|U.S. Classification||297/391, 297/406|
|Cooperative Classification||B60N2/4808, B60N2/4867, B60N2/4882|
|European Classification||B60N2/48C5, B60N2/48C2, B60N2/48S|
|Sep 21, 1999||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: AB VOLVO, SWEDEN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:REIKERAS, KAREN;LINDSTROM, MARTIN;REEL/FRAME:010304/0083;SIGNING DATES FROM 19990630 TO 19990812
Owner name: AUTOLIVE DEVELOPEMENT AB, SWEDEN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:REIKERAS, KAREN;LINDSTROM, MARTIN;REEL/FRAME:010304/0083;SIGNING DATES FROM 19990630 TO 19990812
|May 15, 2001||CC||Certificate of correction|
|Apr 7, 2004||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Sep 20, 2004||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Nov 16, 2004||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20040919