|Publication number||US6120333 A|
|Application number||US 09/207,080|
|Publication date||Sep 19, 2000|
|Filing date||Dec 7, 1998|
|Priority date||Dec 7, 1998|
|Also published as||CN2395422Y|
|Publication number||09207080, 207080, US 6120333 A, US 6120333A, US-A-6120333, US6120333 A, US6120333A|
|Inventors||David Tso-Chin Ko|
|Original Assignee||Hon Hai Precision Ind. Co., Ltd.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (1), Referenced by (10), Classifications (7), Legal Events (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates to an electrical connector, and more particularly to an electrical connector with terminal retaining means for adequately and quickly positioning terminals therein.
A variety of mating connectors employ pairs of interengaging terminals for connecting conductive wires through mated connectors. The terminal pairs may be pin and socket terminals. Conventionally, terminals are assembled in an array of passageways of a dielectric housing of the connector. Each terminal is inserted into the corresponding passageways along a longitudinal axis of the passageway and retaining means integrally formed therewith securely retains the terminal therein.
Properly retaining the terminal in position within the passageway of the housing is problematic for such connectors. Instability of the terminals results in terminal movement within the housing, particularly transversely or angularly along longitudinal axes thereof. Transverse or angular movement of the terminal causes terminal-to-terminal misalignment between complementary connectors which may damage one or both of the mating terminals thereby resulting in partial or incomplete electrical connection. It is readily understood that pin and receptacle terminals must be properly positioned, stabilized and centered in order to accurately mate with corresponding receptacle and pin terminals. Such positioning has become more critical due to the increasing miniaturization of electrical connectors.
U.S. Pat. No. 5,664,969 (herein after referred to as '969) discloses an electrical connector adapted for connecting a conductor of an electrical wire to a terminal of a mating connector. The '969 discloses a pair of elongate slots defined in a wall of a cavity of a dielectric housing. The terminal is provided with a free end portion which can be slightly received within the slots. By this arrangement, the terminal inserted into the cavity is prevented from transverse or angular movement. However, the structure of both the cavity and terminal is complicated.
An objective of this invention is to provide an electrical connector with terminal retaining means for adequately and quickly positioning terminals therein.
In order to achieve the objective set forth, an electrical connector for connecting conductors of a conductive wire to a terminal of a complementary connector, comprises a dielectric housing having an array of terminal passageways defined therein. A dam upward extends from the terminal passageway. A wedge rearwardly extends from the dam thereby defining a retaining gap between an inner surface of the passageway and the wedge. Terminals are assembled in the terminal passageways and each terminal has a mating portion adapted to mate with a corresponding terminal of the complementary connector. A tongue extends from the mating portion for being securely retained within the gap. A cavity is defined adjacent to the retaining gap for retaining an anchoring foot of the terminal.
These and additional objectives, features, and advantages of the present invention will become apparent after reading the following detailed description of the preferred embodiment of the invention taken in conjunction with the appended drawings.
FIG. 1A is a front view of an electrical connector in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 1B is a top plan view of the electrical connector of FIG. 1A;
FIG. 1C is a cross sectional view taken along line A--A of FIG. 1A;
FIG. 1D is a cross sectional view taken along line B--B of FIG. 1B;
FIG. 1E is an enlarged view of an encircled portion of FIG. 1D;
FIG. 2A is a perspective view of a terminal used with the electrical connector in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 2B is a side elevational view of the terminal of FIG. 2A; and
FIG. 2C is a front end view of the terminal.
Referring to FIGS. 1A to 1E, a receptacle connector 1 comprises a dielectric housing 10 forming front and rear faces 10a, 10b. An array of terminal passageways 11 is defined between the front and rear faces 10a, 10b. Each upper passageway 11 is symmetrically arranged with the corresponding lower passageway 11. Each passageway 11 has an open ceiling 11a which is partially covered by a flap 12 cantilevered forward from the rear face 10b. The flap 12 forms a block 12a having a leading face 12b and a biasing face 12c. A retaining space 12d is defined between the biasing face 12c and the flap 12. Each passageway 11 defines front and rear openings 11b, 11c for receiving a receptacle terminal 30 (FIG. 2A, only one terminal 30 being assembled therein for simplicity) and a pin terminal (not shown) connected to the receptacle terminal 30. A dam 13 upward extends from the front opening 11c. A wedge 13a rearwardly extends from the dam 13 thereby defining a retaining gap 13b between an inner surface of the passageway 11 and the wedge 13a.
Referring to FIGS. 2A to 2C, the receptacle terminal 30 includes an elongate base 30a. A pair of first resilient arms 31 extends from a front portion of the base 30a defines a receiving space 31a therebetween for receiving the corresponding pin terminal. The receiving space 31a aligns with the front opening 11b of the passageway 11. A pair of second resilient arms 32 extends from a middle portion the base 30a. The second resilient arms 32 can be deformed to clamp conductors of a conductive wire (not shown). A pair of third resilient arms 33 extends from a rear portion of the base 30a for clamping an insulator of the conductive wire. A tongue 34 extends from a front portion of the base 30a. An anchoring foot 35 rearwardly extends from the front portion of the base 30a.
As shown in FIG. 1C, when the receptacle 30 is inserted into the passageway 11 from the rear opening 11c, the anchoring foot 35 slides over the inclined face 12b and pushes the flap 12 outward. The anchoring foot 35 is retained within the retaining space 12d after the anchoring foot 35 passes the biasing face 12c. Meanwhile, the tongue 34 is securely received in the gap 13b whereby angular movement of the receptacle terminal 30 is hindered. The flap 12 resumes its original position and the receptacle terminal 30 is securely positioned within the passageway 11.
It should be noted that the restraining engagement between the gap 13b and the tongue 34 is positioned close to the anchoring foot 35, which retains the terminal 30 in the housing 10, and to the first resilient arms 31 which engages the corresponding inserted pin terminal of the complementary connector, thus prevents undesired large bending moments from occurring thereto when a force is applied to the anchoring foot 35 or the resilient arms 31. Therefore, a reliable retention of the terminal 30 with regard to the housing 10 without transverse or angular movement is assured.
While the present invention has been described with reference to a specific embodiment, the description is illustrative of the invention and is not to be construed as limiting the invention. Various modifications to the present invention can be made to the preferred embodiment by those skilled in the art without departing from the true spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5664969 *||Aug 24, 1995||Sep 9, 1997||Molex Incorporated||Electrical connector with improved terminal positioning means|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US6280250 *||Jul 27, 2000||Aug 28, 2001||Hon Hai Precision Ind. Co., Ltd.||Electrical connector with terminal retaining means|
|US6802736 *||Oct 1, 2001||Oct 12, 2004||Fci||Device for retaining a contact in an electrical contact-carrying module|
|US6811450||May 27, 2003||Nov 2, 2004||Molex Incorporated||Electrical receptacle-type terminal|
|US7056158 *||Jun 20, 2003||Jun 6, 2006||J.S.T. Manufacturing Co., Ltd.||Socket contact and socket connector|
|US7402087||Aug 1, 2007||Jul 22, 2008||Hon Hai Precision Ind. Co., Ltd.||Electric connector|
|US20030003810 *||Jun 28, 2002||Jan 2, 2003||Arnould Fabrique D'appareillage Electrique||Low-current female socket of the modular jack type|
|US20030129882 *||Oct 1, 2001||Jul 10, 2003||Alban Godefroy||Device for retaining a contact in an electrical contact-carrying module|
|US20030236035 *||Jun 20, 2003||Dec 25, 2003||Keiji Kuroda||Socket contact and socket connector|
|US20080032557 *||Aug 1, 2007||Feb 7, 2008||Hon Hai Precision Ind. Co., Ltd.||Electric connector|
|CN101588004B||Nov 11, 2008||Aug 29, 2012||Smk株式会社||A connector|
|U.S. Classification||439/748, 439/752.5|
|International Classification||H01R4/18, H01R13/432|
|Cooperative Classification||H01R13/432, H01R4/185|
|Dec 7, 1998||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: HON HAI PRECISION IND. CO., LTD., TAIWAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:KO, DAVID TSO-CHIN;REEL/FRAME:009655/0349
Effective date: 19981123
|Mar 17, 2004||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Mar 18, 2008||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Apr 30, 2012||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Sep 19, 2012||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Nov 6, 2012||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20120919