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Publication numberUS6120333 A
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 09/207,080
Publication dateSep 19, 2000
Filing dateDec 7, 1998
Priority dateDec 7, 1998
Fee statusLapsed
Also published asCN2395422Y
Publication number09207080, 207080, US 6120333 A, US 6120333A, US-A-6120333, US6120333 A, US6120333A
InventorsDavid Tso-Chin Ko
Original AssigneeHon Hai Precision Ind. Co., Ltd.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electric connector with terminal retaining means
US 6120333 A
Abstract
An electrical connector for connecting conductors of a conductive wire to a terminal of a complementary connector comprises a dielectric housing defining an array of terminal passageways therein. A dam upward extends from the terminal passageway. A wedge rearwardly extends from the dam thereby defining a retaining gap between an inner surface of the passageway and the wedge. Terminals are assembled in the terminal passageways and each has a mating portion adapted to mate with a corresponding terminal of the complementary connector. A tongue extends from the mating portion for being securely retained within the gap. A cavity is defined adjacent to the retaining gap for retaining an anchoring foot of the terminal.
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Claims(11)
I claim:
1. An electrical connector for connecting conductors of a conductive wire to a terminal of a complementary connector, comprising:
a dielectric housing having front and rear faces, an array of terminal passageways defined between said front and rear faces, each passageway having front and rear openings, a dam upward extending from said front opening, a wedge rearwardly extending from said dam thereby defining a retaining gap between an inner surface of said passageway and said wedge; and
a plurality of receptacle terminals assembled in said terminal passageways, each receptacle terminal having an elongate base, a pair of first resilient arms extending from a front portion of said base and adapted to mate with a corresponding pin terminal of said complementary connector, a pair of second arms extending from a middle portion of said base and adapted for terminating with said conductor of said conductive wire, a pair of third arms extending from a rear portion of said base for retaining an insulator of said conductive wire, and a tongue extending from said front portion for being securely retained within said gap.
2. The electrical connector as recited in claim 1, wherein each said passageway has an open ceiling partially covered by a flap cantilevered forward from a rear face of said housing.
3. The electrical connector as recited in claim 2, wherein said flap forms a block having a leading face and a biasing face.
4. The electrical connector as recited in claim 3, wherein a retaining space is defined between said biasing face and said flap.
5. The electrical connector as recited in claim 4, wherein said receptacle terminal includes an anchoring foot which can be securely retained within said retaining space when said receptacle is assembled in said passageway.
6. An electrical connector, comprising:
a dielectric housing having front and rear faces, an array of terminal passageways defined between said front and rear faces, each of said passageways having front and rear openings;
a plurality of receptacle terminals respectively assembled into said terminal passageways, each of said receptacle terminals including first means for engagement with a corresponding pin terminal of a complementary connector which extends through the front opening of the corresponding passageway, and second means for connecting to a corresponding conductor which extends through the rear opening of the same corresponding passageway, said connector being characterized in that:
a retaining gap is formed in each of said passageways and is properly dimensioned to cooperate with a corresponding tongue integrally formed with each of said receptacle terminals wherein said tongue is received within said gap so that retention of the receptacle within the housing can be enhanced without transverse or angular movement thereof.
7. The connector as recited in claim 6, wherein the gap is formed around the front opening of each corresponding passageway and by an upward extending dam and a corresponding wedge extending rearward from said dam.
8. The connector as recited in claim 7, wherein said tongue extends forward from a front portion of a base of said receptacle terminal.
9. An electrical connector comprising:
a dielectric housing having front and rear faces, an array of terminal passageways defined between said front and rear faces, each of said passageways having front and rear openings;
a plurality of receptacle terminals respectively assembled into said terminal passageways, each of said receptacle terminals including means defining a receiving space for receivable engagement with a corresponding pin terminal of a complementary connector which extends through the front opening of the corresponding passageway, said connector being characterized in that:
a dam upward extends from the front opening of each of the passageways, and a wedge extends rearward from the dam thereby extending into and engaged with said receiving space of the terminal for restraining transverse or angular movement of the terminal in the corresponding passageway.
10. The connector as recited in claim 9, wherein an anchoring foot is disposed proximate the corresponding wedge.
11. An electrical connector comprising:
a dielectric housing having front and rear faces, an array of terminal passageways defined between said front and rear faces, each of said passageways having front and rear openings;
a plurality of receptacle terminals respectively assembled into said terminal passageways along a lengthwise direction thereof from the rear opening to the front opening, said connector being characterized in that:
a retaining gap is formed in each of said passageways around the corresponding front opening and is properly dimensioned to cooperate with a corresponding tongue integrally extending from a front portion of each of said receptacle terminals wherein said tongue is received within said gap so that retention of the receptacle terminal within the housing can be enhanced without transverse or angular movement thereof.
Description
FIELD OF THE INVENTOR

The present invention relates to an electrical connector, and more particularly to an electrical connector with terminal retaining means for adequately and quickly positioning terminals therein.

DESCRIPTION OF PRIOR ART

A variety of mating connectors employ pairs of interengaging terminals for connecting conductive wires through mated connectors. The terminal pairs may be pin and socket terminals. Conventionally, terminals are assembled in an array of passageways of a dielectric housing of the connector. Each terminal is inserted into the corresponding passageways along a longitudinal axis of the passageway and retaining means integrally formed therewith securely retains the terminal therein.

Properly retaining the terminal in position within the passageway of the housing is problematic for such connectors. Instability of the terminals results in terminal movement within the housing, particularly transversely or angularly along longitudinal axes thereof. Transverse or angular movement of the terminal causes terminal-to-terminal misalignment between complementary connectors which may damage one or both of the mating terminals thereby resulting in partial or incomplete electrical connection. It is readily understood that pin and receptacle terminals must be properly positioned, stabilized and centered in order to accurately mate with corresponding receptacle and pin terminals. Such positioning has become more critical due to the increasing miniaturization of electrical connectors.

U.S. Pat. No. 5,664,969 (herein after referred to as '969) discloses an electrical connector adapted for connecting a conductor of an electrical wire to a terminal of a mating connector. The '969 discloses a pair of elongate slots defined in a wall of a cavity of a dielectric housing. The terminal is provided with a free end portion which can be slightly received within the slots. By this arrangement, the terminal inserted into the cavity is prevented from transverse or angular movement. However, the structure of both the cavity and terminal is complicated.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

An objective of this invention is to provide an electrical connector with terminal retaining means for adequately and quickly positioning terminals therein.

In order to achieve the objective set forth, an electrical connector for connecting conductors of a conductive wire to a terminal of a complementary connector, comprises a dielectric housing having an array of terminal passageways defined therein. A dam upward extends from the terminal passageway. A wedge rearwardly extends from the dam thereby defining a retaining gap between an inner surface of the passageway and the wedge. Terminals are assembled in the terminal passageways and each terminal has a mating portion adapted to mate with a corresponding terminal of the complementary connector. A tongue extends from the mating portion for being securely retained within the gap. A cavity is defined adjacent to the retaining gap for retaining an anchoring foot of the terminal.

These and additional objectives, features, and advantages of the present invention will become apparent after reading the following detailed description of the preferred embodiment of the invention taken in conjunction with the appended drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1A is a front view of an electrical connector in accordance with the present invention;

FIG. 1B is a top plan view of the electrical connector of FIG. 1A;

FIG. 1C is a cross sectional view taken along line A--A of FIG. 1A;

FIG. 1D is a cross sectional view taken along line B--B of FIG. 1B;

FIG. 1E is an enlarged view of an encircled portion of FIG. 1D;

FIG. 2A is a perspective view of a terminal used with the electrical connector in accordance with the present invention;

FIG. 2B is a side elevational view of the terminal of FIG. 2A; and

FIG. 2C is a front end view of the terminal.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

Referring to FIGS. 1A to 1E, a receptacle connector 1 comprises a dielectric housing 10 forming front and rear faces 10a, 10b. An array of terminal passageways 11 is defined between the front and rear faces 10a, 10b. Each upper passageway 11 is symmetrically arranged with the corresponding lower passageway 11. Each passageway 11 has an open ceiling 11a which is partially covered by a flap 12 cantilevered forward from the rear face 10b. The flap 12 forms a block 12a having a leading face 12b and a biasing face 12c. A retaining space 12d is defined between the biasing face 12c and the flap 12. Each passageway 11 defines front and rear openings 11b, 11c for receiving a receptacle terminal 30 (FIG. 2A, only one terminal 30 being assembled therein for simplicity) and a pin terminal (not shown) connected to the receptacle terminal 30. A dam 13 upward extends from the front opening 11c. A wedge 13a rearwardly extends from the dam 13 thereby defining a retaining gap 13b between an inner surface of the passageway 11 and the wedge 13a.

Referring to FIGS. 2A to 2C, the receptacle terminal 30 includes an elongate base 30a. A pair of first resilient arms 31 extends from a front portion of the base 30a defines a receiving space 31a therebetween for receiving the corresponding pin terminal. The receiving space 31a aligns with the front opening 11b of the passageway 11. A pair of second resilient arms 32 extends from a middle portion the base 30a. The second resilient arms 32 can be deformed to clamp conductors of a conductive wire (not shown). A pair of third resilient arms 33 extends from a rear portion of the base 30a for clamping an insulator of the conductive wire. A tongue 34 extends from a front portion of the base 30a. An anchoring foot 35 rearwardly extends from the front portion of the base 30a.

As shown in FIG. 1C, when the receptacle 30 is inserted into the passageway 11 from the rear opening 11c, the anchoring foot 35 slides over the inclined face 12b and pushes the flap 12 outward. The anchoring foot 35 is retained within the retaining space 12d after the anchoring foot 35 passes the biasing face 12c. Meanwhile, the tongue 34 is securely received in the gap 13b whereby angular movement of the receptacle terminal 30 is hindered. The flap 12 resumes its original position and the receptacle terminal 30 is securely positioned within the passageway 11.

It should be noted that the restraining engagement between the gap 13b and the tongue 34 is positioned close to the anchoring foot 35, which retains the terminal 30 in the housing 10, and to the first resilient arms 31 which engages the corresponding inserted pin terminal of the complementary connector, thus prevents undesired large bending moments from occurring thereto when a force is applied to the anchoring foot 35 or the resilient arms 31. Therefore, a reliable retention of the terminal 30 with regard to the housing 10 without transverse or angular movement is assured.

While the present invention has been described with reference to a specific embodiment, the description is illustrative of the invention and is not to be construed as limiting the invention. Various modifications to the present invention can be made to the preferred embodiment by those skilled in the art without departing from the true spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5664969 *Aug 24, 1995Sep 9, 1997Molex IncorporatedElectrical connector with improved terminal positioning means
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6280250 *Jul 27, 2000Aug 28, 2001Hon Hai Precision Ind. Co., Ltd.Electrical connector with terminal retaining means
US6802736 *Oct 1, 2001Oct 12, 2004FciDevice for retaining a contact in an electrical contact-carrying module
US6811450May 27, 2003Nov 2, 2004Molex IncorporatedElectrical receptacle-type terminal
US7056158 *Jun 20, 2003Jun 6, 2006J.S.T. Manufacturing Co., Ltd.Socket contact and socket connector
US7402087Aug 1, 2007Jul 22, 2008Hon Hai Precision Ind. Co., Ltd.Electric connector
US20030003810 *Jun 28, 2002Jan 2, 2003Arnould Fabrique D'appareillage ElectriqueLow-current female socket of the modular jack type
US20030129882 *Oct 1, 2001Jul 10, 2003Alban GodefroyDevice for retaining a contact in an electrical contact-carrying module
US20030236035 *Jun 20, 2003Dec 25, 2003Keiji KurodaSocket contact and socket connector
US20080032557 *Aug 1, 2007Feb 7, 2008Hon Hai Precision Ind. Co., Ltd.Electric connector
CN101588004BNov 11, 2008Aug 29, 2012Smk株式会社A connector
Classifications
U.S. Classification439/748, 439/752.5
International ClassificationH01R4/18, H01R13/432
Cooperative ClassificationH01R13/432, H01R4/185
European ClassificationH01R4/18H2B
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Dec 7, 1998ASAssignment
Owner name: HON HAI PRECISION IND. CO., LTD., TAIWAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:KO, DAVID TSO-CHIN;REEL/FRAME:009655/0349
Effective date: 19981123
Mar 17, 2004FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4
Mar 18, 2008FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 8
Apr 30, 2012REMIMaintenance fee reminder mailed
Sep 19, 2012LAPSLapse for failure to pay maintenance fees
Nov 6, 2012FPExpired due to failure to pay maintenance fee
Effective date: 20120919