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Publication numberUS6150393 A
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 09/418,721
Publication dateNov 21, 2000
Filing dateOct 15, 1999
Priority dateDec 18, 1998
Fee statusPaid
Also published asCA2387031A1, CN1411448A, EP1244632A1, WO2001029008A1
Publication number09418721, 418721, US 6150393 A, US 6150393A, US-A-6150393, US6150393 A, US6150393A
InventorsDominic P. Behan, Derek T. Chalmers, Nigel R. A. Beeley, Richard J. Foster, Robert C. Glen, Michael S. Lawless, Chen W. Liaw, Qian Liu, Frederique Menzaghi, Joseph F. Russo, Julian R. Smith, William J. Thomsen
Original AssigneeArena Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
N-(3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl)(phenylmethylamino) -carboxamide modifier of activity of the serotonin 5-ht 2a; cns, gastrointestinal and cardiovascular disorders; antiinflammatory agents; side effect reduction
US 6150393 A
Abstract
Disclosed herein are non-endogenous, constitutively activated forms of the human 5-HT2A and human 5-HT2C receptors and uses of such receptors to screen candidate compounds. Further disclosed herein are candidate compounds identified by the screening method which act at the 5HT2A receptors. Yet further disclosed is a new class of compounds which act at the 5HT2A receptors.
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Claims(12)
We claim:
1. A compound structurally represented as follows: ##STR13##
2. A compound structurally represented as follows:
3. A composition comprising the compound of claim 1.
4. A composition comprising the compound of claim 2.
5. A compound structurally represented as follows:
6. A compound structurally represented as follows:
7. A composition comprising the compound of claim 5.
8. A composition comprising the compound of claim 6.
9. A compound structurally represented as follows: wherein:
X is O or S;
Z is H or CH3 ;
R3 and R10 are each independently selected from H, C1-8 straight chain or branched alkyl, C3-8 cycloalkyl, C4-9 alkylcycloalkyl, and C2-8 alkenyl;
R11 is H, F, Cl, Br, I, R7, CF3, CCl3, NR8 R9, NR10 COR7, NR10 SO2 R7, OR7, OCF3, OCOR7, OSO2 R7, SR7, SCF3, SCOR7, SO3 R7, SO2 NR8 R9, NO2, CN, COOR7, COSR7, or CONR8 R9,
with the proviso that when a position adjacent to R11 is substituted, then R11 and said adjacent position can together be selected from SCH2 S, SCH2 CH2 S, OCH2 O, and OCH2 CH2 O to form a bi-cyclic structure;
R7 is H, C1-8 straight chain or branched alkyl, C3-8 cycloalkyl, C4-9 alkylcycloalkyl, C2-8 alkenyl, aryl or alkylaryl;
R8 and R9 are independently selected from H, C1-8 straight chain or branched alkyl, and C2-8 alkenyl or cycloalkyl, or alkylcycloalkyl, or aryl or CH2 aryl wherein each moiety within said C1-8 straight chain or branched alkyl, C2-8 alkenyl or cycloalkyl, or alkylcycloalkyl, or aryl or CH2 aryl may be optionally substituted by up to four substituents in any position, whereby each substituent is independently selected from: F, Cl, Br, I, CF3, CCl3, CH3, C2 H5, C3 H7, C4 H9, NH2, NHCH3, N(CH3)2, NHC2 H5, N(C2 H5)2, NHC3 H7, N(C3 H7)2, NHC4 H9, N(C4 H9)2, NHCOH, NHCOCH3, NHCOC2 H5, NHCOC3 H7, NHCOC4 H9, NHSO2 CH3, NHSO2 C2 H5, NHSO2 C3 H7, NHSO2 C4 H9, OH, OCH3, OC2 H5, OC3 H7, OC4 H7, OC4 H9, OC5 H9, OC5 H11, OC6 H11, OC6 H13, OCF3, OCOCH3, OCOC2 H5, OCOC3 H7, OCOC4 H9, OSO2 CH3, OSO2 C2 H5, OSO2 C3 H7, OSO2 C4 H9, SH, SCH3, SC2 H5, SC3 H7, SC4 H7, SC4 H9, SC5 H9, SC5 H11, SC6 H11, SC6 H13,, SCF3, SCOCH3, SCOC2 H5, SCOC3 H7, SCOC4 H9, SO3 CH3, SO3 C2 H5, SO3 C3 H7, SO3 C4 H9, SO2 NH, SO2 NH2, SO2 NHCH3, SO2 N(CH3)2, SO2 NHC2 H5, SO2 N(C2 H5)2, SO2 NHC3 H7, SO2 N(C3 H7)2, SO2 NHC4 H9, SO2 N(C4 H9)2, NO2, CN, COOCH3, COOC2 H5, COOC3 H7, COOC4 H9, COSCH3, COSC2 H5, COSC3 H7, COSC4 H9, CONH2, CONHCH3, CON(CH3)2, CONHC2 H5, CON(C2 H5)2, CONHC3 H7, CON(C3 H7)2, CONHC4 H9, and CON(C4 H9)2, and
with the proviso that when either of R8 or R9 contain an aryl ring substituted at at least two adjacent positions on said aryl ring, then said two adjacent positions can together be selected from SCH2 S, SCH2 CH2 S, OCH2 O, or OCH2 CH2 O to form a bi-cyclic structure;
R12, R13, R14, and R15 are each independently selected from: F, Cl, Br, I, CF3, CCl3, CH3, C2 H5, C3 H7, C4 H9, NH2, NHCH3, N(CH3)2, NHC2 H5, N(C2 H5)2, NHC3 H7, N(C3 H7)2, NHC4 H9, N(C4 H9)2, NHCOH, NHCOCH3, NHCOC2 H5, NHCOC3 H7, NHCOC4 H9, NHSO2 CH3, NHSO2 C2 H5, NHSO2 C3 H7, NHSO2 C4 H9, OH, OCH3, OC2 H5, OC3 H7, OC4 H7, OC4 H9, OC5 H9, OC5 H11, OC6 H11, OC6 H13, OCF3, OCOCH3, OCOC2 H5, OCOC3 H7, OCOC4 H9, OSO2 CH3, OSO2 C2 H5, OSO2 C3 H7, OSO2 C4 H9, SH, SCH3, SC2 H5, SC3 H7, SC4 H7, SC4 H9, SC5 H9, SC5 H11, SC6 H11, SC6 H13,, SCF3, SCOCH3, SCOC2 H5, SCOC3 H7, SCOC4 H9, SO3 CH3, SO3 C2 H5, SO3 C3 H7, SO3 C4 H9, SO2 NH, SO2 NH2, SO2 NHCH3, SO2 N(CH3)2, SO2 NHC2 H5, SO2 N(C2 H5)2, SO2 NHC3 H7, SO2 N(C3 H7)2, SO2 NHC4 H9, SO2 N(C4 H9)2, NO2, CN, COOCH3, COOC2 H5, COOC3 H7, COOC4 H9, COSCH3, COSC2 H5, COSC3 H7, COSC4 H9, CONH2, CONHCH3, CON(CH3)2, CONHC2 H5, CON(C2 H5)2, CONHC3 H7, CON(C3 H7)2, CONHC4 H9, and CON(C4 H9)2, and
with the proviso that when any two adjacent positions of R12, R13, R14, and R15 are substituted, said two adjacent positions can together be further selected from SCH2 S, SCH2 CH2 S, OCH2 O, and OCH2 CH2 O to form a bi-cyclic structure; and
with the proviso that at least two of R12, R13, R14, and R15 must be H.
10. The compound of claim 9 structurally represented as follows: ##STR14## wherein: X is O or S;
Z is H or CH3 ;
R3 and R10 are each independently selected from H, C1-8 straight chain or branched alkyl, C3-8 cycloalkyl, C4-9 alkylcycloalkyl, and C2-8 alkenyl;
R11 is H, F, Cl, Br, I, R7, CF3, CCl3, NR8 R9, NR10 COR7, NR10 SO2 R7, OR7, OCF3, OCOR7, OSO2 R7, SR7, SCF3, SCOR7, SO3 R7, SO2 NR8 R9, NO2, CN, COOR7, COSR7, or CONR8 R9,
with the proviso that when a position adjacent to R11 is substituted, then R11 and said adjacent position can together be selected from SCH2 S, SCH2 CH2 S, OCH2 O, or OCH2 CH2 O to form a bi-cyclic structure;
R7 is H, C1-8 straight chain or branched alkyl, C3-8 cycloalkyl, C4-9 alkylcycloalkyl, C2-8 alkenyl, aryl or alkylaryl;
R8 and R9 are independently selected from H, C1-8 straight chain or branched alkyl, and C2-8 alkenyl or cycloalkyl, or alkylcycloalkyl, or aryl or CH2 aryl wherein each moiety within said C1-8 straight chain or branched alkyl, C2-8 alkenyl or cycloalkyl, or alkylcycloalkyl, or aryl or CH2 aryl may be optionally substituted by up to four substituents in any position, whereby each substituent is independently selected from: F, Cl, Br, I, CF3, CCl3, CH3, C2 H5, C3 H7, C4 H9, NH2, NHCH3, N(CH3)2, NHC2 H5, N(C2 H5)2, NHC3 H7, N(C3 H7)2, NHC4 H9, N(C4 H9)2, NHCOH, NHCOCH3, NHCOC2 H5, NHCOC3 H7, NHCOC4 H9, NHSO2 CH3, NHSO2 C2 H5, NHSO2 C3 H7, NHSO2 C4 H9, OH, OCH3, OC2 H5, OC3 H7, OC4 H7, OC4 H9, OC5 H9, OC5 H11, OC6 H11, OC6 H13, OCF3, OCOCH3, OCOC2 H5, OCOC3 H7, OCOC4 H9, OSO2 CH3, OSO2 C2 H5, OSO2 C3 H7, OSO2 C4 H9, SH, SCH3, SC2 H5, SC3 H7, SC4 H7, SC4 H9, SC5 H9, SC5 H11, SC6 H11, SC6 H13,, SCF3, SCOCH3, SCOC2 H5, SCOC3 H7, SCOC4 H9, SO3 CH3, SO3 C2 H5, SO3 C3 H7, SO3 C4 H9, SO2 NH, SO2 NH2, SO2 NHCH3, SO2 N(CH3)2, SO2 NHC2 H5, SO2 N(C2 H5)2, SO2 NHC3 H7, SO2 N(C3 H7)2, SO2 NHC4 H9, SO2 N(C4 H9)2, NO2, CN, COOCH3, COOC2 H5, COOC3 H7, COOC4 H9, COSCH3, COSC2 H5, COSC3 H7, COSC4 H9, CONH2, CONHCH3, CON(CH3)2, CONHC2 H5, CON(C2 H5)2, CONHC3 H7, CON(C3 H7)2, CONHC4 H9, and CON(C4 H9)2, and
with the proviso that when either of R8 or R9 contain an aryl ring substituted at at least two adjacent positions on said aryl ring, then said two adjacent positions can together be selected from SCH2 S, SCH2 CH2 S, OCH2 O, and OCH2 CH2 O to form a bi-cyclic structure;
R12, R13, R14, and R15 are each independently selected from: F, Cl, Br, I, CF3, CCl3, CH3, C2 H5, C3 H7, C4 H9, NH2, NHCH3, N(CH3)2, NHC2 H5, N(C2 H5)2, NHC3 H7, N(C3 H7)2, NHC4 H9, N(C4 H9)2, NHCOH, NHCOCH3, NHCOC2 H5, NHCOC3 H7, NHCOC4 H9, NHSO2 CH3, NHSO2 C2 H5, NHSO2 C3 H7, NHSO2 C4 H9, OH, OCH3, OC2 H5, OC3 H7, OC4 H7, OC4 H9, OC5 H9, OC5 H11, OC6 H11, OC6 H13, OCF3, OCOCH3, OCOC2 H5, OCOC3 H7, OCOC4 H9, OSO2 CH3, OSO2 C2 H5, OSO2 C3 H7, OSO2 C4 H9, SH, SCH3, SC2 H5, SC3 H7, SC4 H7, SC4 H9, SC5 H9, SC5 H11, SC6 H11, SC6 H13,, SCF3, SCOCH3, SCOC2 H5, SCOC3 H7, SCOC4 H9, SO3 CH3, SO3 C2 H5, SO3 C3 H7, SO3 C4 H9, SO2 NH, SO2 NH2, SO2 NHCH3, SO2 N(CH3)2, SO2 NHC2 H5, SO2 N(C2 H5)2, SO2 NHC3 H7, SO2 N(C3 H7)2, SO2 NHC4 H9, SO2 N(C4 H9)2, NO2, CN, COOCH3, COOC2 H5, COOC3 H7, COOC4 H9, COSCH3, COSC2 H5, COSC3 H7, COSC4 H9, CONH2, CONHCH3, CON(CH3)2, CONHC2 H5, CON(C2 H5)2, CONHC3 H7, CON(C3 H7)2, CONHC4 H9, and CON(C4 H9)2, and
with the proviso that when any two adjacent positions of R12, R13, R14, and R15 are substituted, said two adjacent positions can together be further selected from SCH2 S, SCH2 CH2 S, OCH2 O, and OCH2 CH2 O to form a bi-cyclic structure; and
with the proviso that at least two of R12, R13, R14, and R15 must be H.
11. A composition comprising a compound of claim 9.
12. A composition comprising a compound of claim 10.
Description

This application is a Continuation-In-Part of U.S. Ser. No. 09/292,069 filed Apr. 14, 1999, now pending which claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional No. 60/152,708, filed Sep. 7, 1999, U.S. Provisional No. 60/112,909, filed Dec. 18, 1998, U.S. Provisional No. 60/123,000 filed Mar. 5, 1999, U.S. Ser. No. 09/292,071, U.S. Ser. Nos. 09/292,072 and 09/292,069, all filed Apr. 14, 1999, is hereby claimed.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to small molecule modulators of non-endogenous, constitutively active serotonin receptors thereof; preferably, the small molecule modulators are preferentially selective for the human 5HT2A receptor over the human 5HT2C receptor, and most preferably, the small molecule modulators are inverse agonists to the 5HT2A receptor.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

I. G protein-coupled receptors

G protein-coupled receptors share a common structural motif. All these receptors have seven sequences of between 22 to 24 hydrophobic amino acids that form seven alpha helices, each of which spans the membrane. The transmembrane helices are joined by strands of amino acids having a larger loop between the fourth and fifth transmembrane helix on the extracellular side of the membrane. Another larger loop, composed primarily of hydrophilic amino acids, joins transmembrane helices five and six on the intracellular side of the membrane. The carboxy terminus of the receptor lies intracellularly with the amino terminus in the extracellular space. It is thought that the loop joining helices five and six, as well as, the carboxy terminus, interact with the G protein. Currently, Gq, Gs, Gi and Go are G proteins that have been identified. The general structure of G protein-coupled receptors is shown in FIG. 1.

Under physiological conditions, G protein-coupled receptors exist in the cell membrane in equilibrium between two different states or conformations: an "inactive" state and an "active" state. As shown schematically in FIG. 2, a receptor in an inactive state is unable to link to the intracellular transduction pathway to produce a biological response. Changing the receptor conformation to the active state allows linkage to the transduction pathway and produces a biological response.

A receptor may be stabilized in an active state by an endogenous ligand or an exogenous agonist ligand. Recent discoveries such as, including but not exclusively limited to, modifications to the amino acid sequence of the receptor provide means other than ligands to stabilize the active state conformation. These means effectively stabilize the receptor in an active state by simulating the effect of a ligand binding to the receptor. Stabilization by such ligand-independent means is termed "constitutive receptor activation."

II. Serotonin receptors

Receptors for serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) are an important class of G protein-coupled receptors. Serotonin is thought to play a role in processes related to learning and memory, sleep, thermoregulation, mood, motor activity, pain, sexual and aggressive behaviors, appetite, neurodegenerative regulation, and biological rhythms. Not surprisingly, serotonin is linked to pathophysiological conditions such as anxiety, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorders, schizophrenia, suicide, autism, migraine, emesis, alcoholism, and neurodegenerative disorders. With respect to on anti-psychotic treatment approaches focused on the serotonin receptors, these types of therapeutics can generally be divided into two classes, the "typical" and the "atypical." Both have anti-psychotic effects, but the typicals also include concomitant motor-related side effects (extra pyramidal syndromes, e.g., lip-smacking, tongue darting, locomotor movement, etc). Such side effects are thought to be associated with the compounds interacting with other receptors, such as the human dopamine D2 receptor in the nigro-striatal pathway. Therefore, an atypical treatment is preferred. Haloperidol is considered a typical anti-psychotic, and clozapine is considered an atypical anti-psychotic.

Serotonin receptors are divided into seven subfamilies, referred to as 5-HT1 through 5-HT7, inclusive. These subfamilies are further divided into subtypes. For example, the 5-HT2 subfamily is divided into three receptor subtypes: 5-HT2A, 5-HT2B, and 5-HT2C. The human 5-HT2C receptor was first isolated and cloned in 1987, and the human 5-HT2A receptor was first isolated and cloned in 1990. These two receptors are thought to be the site of action of hallucinogenic drugs. Additionally, antagonists to the 5-HT2A and 5-HT2C receptors are believed to be useful in treating depression, anxiety, psychosis, and eating disorders.

U.S. Pat. No. 4,985,352 describes the isolation, characterization, and expression of a functional cDNA clone encoding the entire human 5-HT1C receptor (now known as the 5-HT2C receptor). U.S. Pat. No. 5,661,012 describes the isolation, characterization, and expression of a functional cDNA clone encoding the entire human 5-HT2A receptor.

Mutations of the endogenous forms of the rat 5-HT2A and rat 5-HT2C receptors have been reported to lead to constitutive activation of these receptors (5-HT2A : Casey, C. et al. (1996) Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 22:699.10, hereinafter "Casey"; 5-HT2C: Herrick-Davis, K., and Teitler, M. (1996) Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 22:699.18, hereinafter "Herrick-Davis 1"; and Herrick-Davis, K. et al. (1997) J. Neurochemistry 69(3): 1138, hereinafter "Herrick-Davis-2"). Casey describes a mutation of the cysteine residue at position 322 of the rat 5-HT2A receptor to lysine (C322K), glutamine (C322Q), and arginine (C322R) which reportedly led to constitutive activation. Herrick-Davis 1 and Herrick-Davis 2 describe mutations of the serine residue at position 312 of the rat 5-HT2C receptor to phenylalanine (S312F) and lysine (S312K), which reportedly led to constitutive activation.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to small molecule modulators of non-endogenous, constitutively activated forms of the human 5-HT2A and human 5-HT2C receptors that are, preferably, preferentially selective for the 5-HT2A receptor, and most preferably, have inverse agonist characteristics at the receptor.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

In the following figures, bold typeface indicates the location of the mutation in the non-endogenous, constitutively activated receptor relative to the corresponding endogenous receptor.

FIG. 1 shows a generalized structure of a G protein-coupled receptor with the numbers assigned to the transmembrane helices, the intracellular loops, and the extracellular loops.

FIG. 2 schematically shows the active and inactive states for a typical G protein-coupled receptor and the linkage of the active state to the second messenger transduction pathway.

FIG. 3 provides a graphic summary of dose-response results from in vivo analysis of compound 116082 in a 1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminopropane ("DOI") inhibition study (fine movement; ambulation; and animal rearing outcome measures). 116082 was administered 30 min prior to DOI. Animals were placed in locomotor activity cages 10 min after DOI administration and activity was measured for 10 min. Results are presented as total activity counts over the 10 min of exposure to the locomotor activity apparatus.

FIG. 4 provides a graphic summary of dose-response results from in vivo analysis of compound 116081 in a DOI inhibition study (fine movement; ambulation; and animal rearing outcome measures). 116081 was administered 30 min prior to DOI. Animals were placed in locomotor activity cages 10 min after DOI administration and activity was measured for 10 min. Results are presented as total activity counts over the 10 min of exposure to the locomotor activity apparatus.

FIG. 5 provides a graphic summary of results from in vivo analysis of compound 116082 in a catalepsy-muscle rigidity study. 116082 (AR10, AR40, and AR80 mg/kg) and haloperidol (Hal.0.8 mg/kg) were compared in the bar catalepsy test in rats. The test compounds were administered intraperitoneally 60 min prior to the test. Time during which both forelimbs remained on the bar was recorded up to a maximum of 30 sec. Values represent the average of 3 consecutive measurements (means±SEMs, n=6-8/group). *P<0.05 vs. vehicle, Student t-test.

FIG. 6 provides a graphic summary of the effects of oral administration of 116082 and 116081 in a DOI inhibition study in rats. Values represent the mean±SEMs (n=6/group). #P<0.05 vs. vehicle/vehicle, *P<0.05 vs. vehicle/DOI, Student t-test.

FIG. 7 provides a graphic summary of the reversal of MK-801-induced hyperactivity using 116081 (7A) and clozapine (7B). 116081 and clozapine dose-dependently attenuated MK801-induced hyperactivity as measured by a decrease in ambulations in MK-801-treated animals. 116081 produced a significant reversal of the effect of MK-801 at a dose of 25 μmol/kg (10 mg/kg). Results are presented as total activity counts over the 120 min of exposure to the locomotor activity apparatus after administration of MK-801. Data (mean±SEM) were analyzed by ANOVA followed by Dunnett's test (n=6-8/group).

FIG. 8 is a representation of the preferred vector, pCMV, used herein.

DEFINITIONS

The scientific literature that has evolved around receptors has adopted a number of terms to refer to ligands having various effects on receptors. For clarity and consistency, the following definitions will be used throughout this patent document. To the extent that these definitions conflict with other definitions for these terms, the following definitions shall control.

AGONISTS shall mean moieties that activate the intracellular response when they bind to the receptor, or enhance GTP binding to membranes.

AMINO ACID ABBREVIATIONS used herein are set out in Table 1:

              TABLE 1______________________________________ALANINE             ALA    A  ARGININE ARG R  ASPARAGINE ASN N  ASPARTIC ACID ASP D  CYSTEINE CYS C  GLUTAMIC ACID GLU E  GLUTAMINE GLN Q  GLYCINE GLY G  HISTIDINE HIS H  ISOLEUCINE ILE I  LEUCINE LEU L  LYSINE LYS K  METHIONINE MET M  PHENYLALANINE PHE F  PROLINE PRO P  SERINE SER S  THREONINE THR T  TRYPTOPHAN TRP W  TYROSINE TYR Y  VALINE VAL V______________________________________

PARTIAL AGONISTS shall mean moieties which activate the intracellular response when they bind to the receptor to a lesser degree/extent than do agonists, or enhance GTP binding to membranes to a lesser degree/extent than do agonists.

ANTAGONIST shall mean moieties that competitively bind to the receptor at the same site as the agonists but which do not activate the intracellular response initiated by the active form of the receptor, and can thereby inhibit the intracellular responses by agonists or partial agonists. ANTAGONISTS do not diminish the baseline intracellular response in the absence of an agonist or partial agonist.

CANDIDATE COMPOUND shall mean a molecule (for example, and not limitation, a chemical compound) which is amenable to a screening technique.

COMPOSITION shall mean a material comprising at least two compounds or two components; for example, and not limitation, a Pharmaceutical Composition is a Composition.

COMPOUND EFFICACY shall mean a measurement of the ability of a compound to inhibit or stimulate receptor functionality, as opposed to receptor binding affinity.

CONSTITUTIVELY ACTIVATED RECEPTOR shall mean a receptor subject to constitutive receptor activation.

CONSTITUTIVE RECEPTOR ACTIVATION shall mean stabilization of a receptor in the active state by means other than binding of the receptor with its endogenous ligand or a chemical equivalent thereof.

CONTACT or CONTACTING shall mean bringing at least two moieties together, whether in an in vitro system or an in vivo system.

ENDOGENOUS shall mean a material that a mammal naturally produces. ENDOGENOUS in reference to, for example and not limitation, the term "receptor" shall mean that which is naturally produced by a mammal (for example, and not limitation, a human) or a virus. In contrast, the term NON-ENDOGENOUS in this context shall mean that which is not naturally produced by a mammal (for example, and not limitation, a human) or a virus. For example, and not limitation, a receptor which is not constitutively active in its endogenous form, but when manipulated becomes constitutively active, is most preferably referred to herein as a "non-endogenous, constitutively activated receptor." Both terms can be utilized to describe both "in vivo" and "in vitro" systems. For example, and not a limitation, in a screening approach, the endogenous or non-endogenous receptor may be in reference to an in vitro screening system. As a further example and not limitation, where the genome of a mammal has been manipulated to include a non-endogenous constitutively activated receptor, screening of a candidate compound by means of an in vivo system is viable.

INHIBIT or INHIBITING, in relationship to the term "response" shall mean that a response is decreased or prevented in the presence of a compound as opposed to in the absence of the compound.

INVERSE AGONISTS shall mean moieties that bind the endogenous form of the receptor or to the constitutively activated form of the receptor, and which inhibit the baseline intracellular response initiated by the active form of the receptor below the normal base level of activity which is observed in the absence of agonists or partial agonists, or decrease GTP binding to membranes. Preferably, the baseline intracellular response is inhibited in the presence of the inverse agonist by at least 30%, more preferably by at least 50%, and most preferably by at least 75%, as compared with the baseline response in the absence of the inverse agonist.

LIGAND shall mean an endogenous, naturally occurring molecule specific for an endogenous, naturally occurring receptor.

PHARMACEUTICAL COMPOSITION shall mean a composition comprising at least one active ingredient, whereby the composition is amenable to investigation for a specified, efficacious outcome in a mammal (for example, and not limitation, a human). Those of ordinary skill in the art will understand and appreciate the techniques appropriate for determining whether an active ingredient has a desired efficacious outcome based upon the needs of the artisan.

STIMULATE or STIMULATING, in relationship to the term "response" shall mean that a response is increased in the presence of a compound as opposed to in the absence of the compound.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

I. Particularly preferred mutations

For convenience, the sequence information regarding the non-endogenous, constitutively active human 5-HT2A and 5-HT2C receptors are referred to by identifiers as set forth in Table 2:

              TABLE 2______________________________________IDENTIFIER     RECEPTOR  SEQ.ID.NO:______________________________________AP-1 cDNA      5-HT2C                    22  AP-1 5-HT2C 23  AP-3 cDNA 5-HT2A 24  AP-3 5-HT2A 25  AP-4 cDNA 5-HT2A 26  AP-4 5-HT2A 27______________________________________

As will be discussed in greater detail below, a mutation analogous to that reported by Casey (C322K) was utilized in the human 5-HT2A receptor and is referred to herein as AP-2. However, AP-2 did not lead to sufficient constitutive activation to allow for utilization in screening techniques.

II. Generic G Protein-Coupled Receptor screening assay techniques

When a G protein receptor becomes constitutively active, it binds to a G protein (Gq, Gs, Gi, Go) and stimulates the binding of GTP to the G protein. The G protein then acts as a GTPase and slowly hydrolyzes the GTP to GDP, whereby the receptor, under normal conditions, becomes deactivated. However, constitutively activated receptors continue to exchange GDP to GTP. A non-hydrolyzable analog of GTP, [35 S]GTPγS, can be used to monitor enhanced binding to membranes which express constitutively activated receptors. It is reported that [35 S]GTPγS can be used to monitor G protein coupling to membranes in the absence and presence of ligand. An example of this monitoring, among other examples well-known and available to those in the art, was reported by Traynor and Nahorski in 1995. The preferred use of this assay system is for initial screening of candidate compounds because the system is generically applicable to all G protein-coupled receptors regardless of the particular G protein that interacts with the intracellular domain of the receptor.

III. Confirmation of G Protein-Coupled Receptor site screening assay techniques

Once candidate compounds are identified using the "generic" G protein-coupled receptor assay (i.e. an assay to select compounds that are agonists, partial agonists, or inverse agonists), further screening to confirm that the compounds have interacted at the receptor site is preferred. For example, a compound identified by the "generic" assay may not bind to the receptor, but may instead merely "uncouple" the G protein from the intracellular domain. Thus, by further screening those candidate compounds, which have been identified using a "generic" assay in an agonist and/or antagonist competitive binding assay, further refinement in the selection process is provided.

Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) is a well-known agonist of the 5-HT2A and 5-HT2C receptors, while mesulergine is a well-known antagonist to the 5-HT2C receptor. Accordingly, in most preferred embodiments, an agonist (LSD) and/or antagonist (mesulergine) competitive binding assay(s) is used to further screen those compounds selected from the "generic" assay for confirmation of serotonin receptor binding.

IV. Specified G Protein assay techniques

The art-accepted physiologically mediated pathway for the human 5-HT2A and 5-HT2C receptors is via Gq. Intracellular accumulation of IP3 can be used to confirm constitutive activation of these types of Gq coupled receptors (see Herrick-Davis-1). As a result, "IP3 accumulation" assays can be used to further screen those compounds selected from an agonist and/or antagonist competitive binding assay.

V. Pharmaceutical compositions

Candidate compounds selected for further development can be formulated into pharmaceutical compositions using techniques well known to those in the art. Suitable pharmaceutically-acceptable carriers are available to those in the art; for example, see Remington's Pharmaceutical Sciences, 16th Edition, 1980, Mack Publishing Co., (Oslo et al., eds.)

EXAMPLES

The following examples are presented for purposes of elucidation, and not limitation, of the present invention. While specific nucleic acid and amino acid sequences are disclosed herein, those of ordinary skill in the art are credited with the ability to make minor modifications to these sequences while achieving the same or substantially similar results reported below. It is intended that equivalent, non-endogenous, constitutively activated human serotonin receptor sequences include those having eighty-five percent (85%) homology, more preferably having ninety percent (90%) homology, and most preferably having ninety-five percent (95%) homology to the disclosed sequences.

Example 1 Generation of Non-Endogenous, Constitutively Activated Human Serotonin Receptors 5-HT2C and 5-HT2A

A. Construction of constitutively active 5-HT2C receptor cDNA

1. Endogenous Human 5-HT2C

The cDNA encoding endogenous human 5-HT2C receptor was obtained from human brain poly-A+ RNA by RT-PCR. The 5' and 3' primers were derived from the 5' and 3' untranslated regions and contained the following sequences:

5'-GACCTCGAGGTTGCTTAAGACTGAAGCA-3' (SEQ.ID.NO.:1)

5'-ATTTCTAGACATATGTAGCTTGTACCGT-3' (SEQ.ID.NO.:2)

PCR was performed using either TaqPlus™ precision polymerase (Stratagene) or rTth™ polymerase (Perkin Elmer) with the buffer systems provided by the manufacturers, 0.25 M of each primer, and 0.2 mM of each of the four (4) nucleotides. The cycle condition was 30 cycles of 94° C. for 1 minute, 57° C. for 1 minute and 72° C. for 2 minutes. The 1.5 kb PCR fragment was digested with Xho I and Xba I and subcloned into the Sal I-Xba I site of pBluescript.

The derived cDNA clones were fully sequenced and found to correspond to published sequences.

2. AP-1 cDNA

The cDNA containing a S310K mutation (AP-1 cDNA) in the third intracellular loop of the human 5-HT2C receptor was constructed by replacing the Sty I restriction fragment containing amino acid 310 with synthetic double stranded oligonucleotides encoding the desired mutation. The sense strand sequence utilized had the following sequence:

5'-CTAGGGGCACCATGCAGGCTATCAACAATGAAAGAAAAGCTAAGAAAGTC-3' (SEQ. ID.NO: 3)

and the antisense strand sequence utilized had the following sequence:

5'-CAAGGACTTTCTTAGCTTTTCTTTCATTGTTGATAGCCTGCATGGTGCCC-3' (SEQ. ID. NO: 4).

B. Construction of constitutively active 5-HT2A receptor cDNA

1. Endogenous Human 5-HT2A

The cDNA encoding endogenous human 5-HT2A receptor was obtained by RT-PCR using human brain poly-A+ RNA; a 5' primer from the 5' untranslated region with a Xho I restriction site:

5'-GACCTCGAGTCCTTCTACACCTCATC-3' (SEQ.ID.NO:5)

and a 3' primer from the 3' untranslated region containing an Xba I site:

5'-TGCTCTAGATTCCAGATAGGTGAAAA CTTG-3' (SEQ.ID.NO:6).

PCR was performed using either TaqPlus™ precision polymerase (Stratagene) or rTth™ polymerase (Perkin Elmer) with the buffer systems provided by the manufacturers, 0.25 μM of each primer, and 0.2 mM of each of the four (4) nucleotides. The cycle condition was 30 cycles of 94° C. for 1 minute, 57° C. for 1 minute, and 72° C. for 2 minutes. The 1.5 kb PCR fragment was digested with Xba I and subcloned into the Eco RV-Xba I site of pBluescript.

The resulting cDNA clones were fully sequenced and found to encode two amino acid changes from the published sequences. The first change is a T25N mutation in the N-terminal extracellular domain and the second change is an H452Y mutation. These mutations are likely to represent sequence polymorphisms rather than PCR errors since the cDNA clones having the same two mutations were derived from two independent PCR procedures using Taq polymerase from two different commercial sources (TaqPlus™ Stratagene and rTth™ Perkin Elmer).

2. Human 5-HT2A (C322K; AP-2)

The cDNA containing the point mutation C322K in the third intracellular loop was constructed by using the Sph I restriction enzyme site, which encompasses amino acid 322. For the PCR procedure, a primer containing the C322K mutation:

5'-CAAAGAAAGTACTGGGCATCGTCTTCTTCCT-3' (SEQ.ID.NO:7)

was used along with the primer from the 3' untranslated region set forth above as SEQ.ID.NO:6. The resulting PCR fragment was then used to replace the 3' end of the wild type 5-HT2A cDNA by the T4 polymerase blunted Sph I site. PCR was performed using pfu polymerase (Stratagene) with the buffer system provided by the manufacturer and 10% DMSO, 0.25 mM of each primer, 0.5 mM of each of the 4 nucleotides. The cycle conditions were 25 cycles of 94° C. for 1 minute, 60° C. for 1 minute, and 72° C. for 1 minute.

3. AP-3 cDNA

The human 5-HT2A cDNA with intracellular loop 3 (IC3) or IC3 and cytoplasmic tail replaced by the corresponding human 5-HT2C cDNA was constructed using PCR-based mutagenesis.

(a) Replacement of IC3 Loop

The IC3 loop of human 5-HT2A cDNA was first replaced with the corresponding human 5-HT2C cDNA. Two separate PCR procedures were performed to generate the two fragments, Fragment A and Fragment B, that fuse the 5-HT2C IC3 loop to the transmembrane 6 (TM6) of 5-HT2A. The 237 bp PCR fragment, Fragment A, containing 5-HT2C IC3 and the initial 13 bp of 5-HT2A TM6 was amplified by using the following primers:

5'-CCGCTCGAGTACTGCGCCGACAAGCTTTGAT-3' (SEQ.ID.NO:8)

5'-CGATGCCCAGCACTTTCGAAGCTTTTCTTTCATTGTTG-3' (SEQ.ID.NO:9)

The template used was human 5-HT2C cDNA.

The 529 bp PCR fragment, Fragment B, containing the C-terminal 13 bp of IC3 from 5-HT2C and the C-terminal of 5-HT2A starting at beginning of TM6, was amplified by using the following primers:

5'-AAAAGCTTCGAAAGTGCTGGGCATCGTCTTCTTCCT-3' (SEQ.ID.NO:10)

5'-TGCTCTAGATTCCAGATAGGTGAAAACTTG-3' (SEQ.ID.NO: 11)

The template used was human 5-HT2A cDNA.

Second round PCR was performed using Fragment A and Fragment B as co-templates with SEQ.ID.NO:8 and SEQ.ID.NO:11 (it is noted that the sequences for SEQ.ID.NOS.: 6 and 11 are the same) as primers. The resulting 740 bp PCR fragment, Fragment C, contained the IC3 loop of human 5-HT2C fused to TM6 through the end of the cytoplasmic tail of human 5-HT2A. PCR was performed using pfu™ polymerase (Stratagene) with the buffer system provided by the manufacturer, and 10% DMSO, 0.25 mM of each primer, and 0.5 mM of each of the four (4) nucleotides. The cycle conditions were 25 cycles of 94° C. for 1 minute, 57° C. (1st round PCR) or 60° C. (2nd round PCR) for 1 minute, and 72° C. for 1 minute (1st round PCR) or 90 seconds (2nd round PCR).

To generate a PCR fragment containing a fusion junction between the human 5-HT2A TM5 and the IC3 loop of 5-HT2C, four (4) primers were used. The two external primers, derived from human 5-HT2A, had the following sequences:

5'-CGTGTCTCTCCTTACTTCA-3' (SEQ.ID.NO:12)

The other primer used was SEQ.ID.NO.:6 (see note above regarding SEQ.ID.NOS. 6 and 11). The first internal primer utilized was an antisense strand containing the initial 13 bp of IC3 of 5-HT2C followed by the terminal 23 bp derived from TM5 of 5-HT2A :

5'-TCGGCGCAGTACTTTGATAGTTAGAAAGTAGGTGAT-3' (SEQ.ID.NO:13)

The second internal primer was a sense strand containing the terminal 14 bp derived from TM5 of 5-HT2A followed by the initial 24 bp derived from IC3 of 5-HT2C :

5'-TTCTAACTATCAAAGTACTGCGCCGACAAGCTTTGATG-3' (SEQ.ID.NO:14).

PCR was performed using endogenous human 5-HT2A and a co-template, Fragment C, in a 50 ml reaction volume containing 1× pfu buffer, 10% DMSO, 0.5 mM of each of the four (4) nucleotides, 0.25 mM of each external primer (SEQ.ID.NOS. 11 and 12), 0.06 mM of each internal primer (SEQ.ID.NOS. 13 and 14) and 1.9 units of pfu polymerase (Stratagene). The cycle conditions were 25 cycles of 94° C. for 1 minute, 52° C. for 1 minute, and 72° C. for 2 minutes and 10 seconds. The 1.3 kb PCR product was then gel purified and digested with Pst I and Eco RI. The resulting 1 kb PstI-Eco RI fragment was used to replace the corresponding fragment in the endogenous human 5-HT2A sequence to generate the mutant 5-HT2A sequence encoding the IC3 loop of 5-HT2C.

(b) Replacement of the cytoplasmic tail

To replace the cytoplasmic tail of 5-HT2A with that of 5-HT2C, PCR was performed using a sense primer containing the C-terminal 22 bp of TM7 of endogenous human 5-HT2A followed by the initial 21 bp of the cytoplasmic tail of endogenous human 5-HT2C :

5'-TTCAGCAGTCAACCCACTAGTCTATACTCTGTTCAACAAAATT-3' (SEQ.ID.NO:15)

The antisense primer was derived from the 3' untranslated region of endogenous human 5-HT2C:

5'-ATTTCTAGACATATGTAGCTTGTACCGT-3' (SEQ.ID.NO:16).

The resulting PCR fragment, Fragment D, contained the last 22 bp of endogenous human 5-HT2A TM7 fused to the cytoplasmic tail of endogenous human 5-HT2C. Second round PCR was performed using Fragment D and the co-template was endogenous human 5-HT2A that was previously digested with Acc I to avoid undesired amplification. The antisense primer used was SEQ.ID.NO:16 (the sequences for SEQ.ID.NOS. 16 and 2 are the same) and the sense primer used was derived from endogenous human 5-HT2A :

5'-ATCACCTACTTTCTAACTA-3' (SEQ.ID.NO:17).

PCR conditions were as set forth in Example 1B3(a) for the first round PCR, except that the annealing temperature was 48° C. and the extension time was 90 seconds. The resulting 710 bp PCR product was digested with Apa I and Xba I and used to replace the corresponding Apa I-Xba I fragment of either (a) endogenous human 5-HT2A, or (b) 5-HT2A with 2C IC3 to generate (a) endogenous human 5-HT2A with endogenous human 5-HT2C cytoplasmic tail and (b) AP-3, respectively.

4. AP-4 cDNA

This mutant was created by replacement of the region of endogenous human 5-HT2A from amino acid 247, the middle of TM5 right after Pro246, to amino acid 337, the middle of TM6 just before Pro338, by the corresponding region of AP-1 cDNA. For convenience, the junction in TM5 is referred to as the "2A-2C junction," and the junction in TM6 is referred to as the "2C-2A junction."

Three PCR fragments containing the desired hybrid junctions were generated. The 5' fragment of 561 bp containing the 2A-2C junction in TM5 was generated by PCR using endogenous human 5-HT2A as template, SEQ.ID.NO:12 as the sense primer, and the antisense primer was derived from 13 bp of 5-HT2C followed by 20 bp of 5-HT2A sequence:

5'-CCATAATCGTCAGGGGAATGAAAAATGACACAA-3' (SEQ.ID.NO:18)

The middle fragment of the 323 bp contains endogenous human 5-HT2C sequence derived from the middle of TM5 to the middle of TM6, flanked by 13 bp of 5-HT2A sequences from the 2A-2C junction and the 2C-2A junction. This middle fragment was generated by using AP-1 cDNA as a template, a sense primer containing 13 bp of 5-HT2A followed by 20 bp of 5-HT2C sequences across the 2A-2C junction and having the sequence:

5'-ATTTTTCATTCCCCTGACGATTATGGTGATTAC-3' (SEQ.ID.NO:19);

and an antisense primer containing 13 bp of 5-HT2A followed by 20 bp of 5-HT2C sequences across the 2C-2A junction and having the sequence:

5'-TGATGAAGAAAGGGCACCACATGATCAGAAACA-3' (SEQ.ID.NO:20).

The 3' fragment of 487 bp containing the 2C-2A junction was generated by PCR using endogenous human 5-HT2A as a template and a sense primer having the following sequence from the 2C-2A junction:

5'-GATCATGTGGTGCCCTTTCTTCATCACAAACAT-3' (SEQ.ID.NO:21)

and the antisense primer was SEQ.ID.NO:6 (see note above regarding SEQ.ID.NOS. 6 and 11).

Two second round PCR reactions were performed separately to link the 5' and middle fragment (5'M PCR) and the middle and 3' fragment (M3' PCR). The 5'M PCR co-template used was the 5' and middle PCR fragment as described above, the sense primer was SEQ.ID.NO:12 and the antisense primer was SEQ.ID.NO:20. The 5'M PCR procedure resulted in an 857 bp PCR fragment.

The M3' PCR used the middle and M3' PCR fragment described above as the co-template, SEQ.ID.NO: 19 as the sense primer and SEQ.ID.NO:6 (see note above regarding SEQ.ID.NOS. 6 and 11) as the antisense primer, and generated a 784 bp amplification product. The final round of PCR was performed using the 857 bp and 784 bp fragments from the second round PCR as the co-template, and SEQ.ID.NO:12 and SEQ.ID.NO: 6 (see note above regarding SEQ.ID.NOS. 6 and 11) as the sense and the antisense primer, respectively. The 1.32 kb amplification product from the final round of PCR was digested with Pst I and Eco RI. Then resulting 1 kb Pst I-Eco RI fragment was used to replace the corresponding fragment of the endogenous human 5-HT2A to generate mutant 5-HT2A with 5-HT2C : C310K/IC3. The Apa I-Xba fragment of AP3 was used to replace the corresponding fragment in mutant 5-HT2A with 5-HT2C : C310K/IC3 to generate AP4.

Example 2 Receptor Expression

A. pCMV

Although a variety of expression vectors are available to those in the art, for purposes of utilization for both the endogenous and non-endogenous receptors discussed herein, it is most preferred that the vector utilized be pCMV. This vector was deposited with the American Type Culture Collection (ATCC) on Oct. 13, 1998 (10801 University Blvd., Manassas, Va. 20110-2209 USA) under the provisions of the Budapest Treaty for the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purpose of Patent Procedure. The DNA was tested by the ATCC and determined to be viable. The ATCC has assigned the following deposit number to pCMV: ATCC #203351. See FIG. 8.

B. Transfection procedure

For the generic assay ([35 S]GTPγS; Example 3) and the antagonist binding assay (mesulergine; Example 4), transfection of COS-7 or 293T cells was accomplished using the following protocol.

On day one, 5×106 COS-7 cells or 1×107 293T cells per 150 mm plate were plated out. On day two, two reaction tubes were prepared (the proportions to follow for each tube are per plate): tube A was prepared by mixing 20 μg DNA (e.g., pCMV vector; pCMV vector AP-1 cDNA, etc.) in 1.2 ml serum free DMEM (Irvine Scientific, Irvine, Calif.); tube B was prepared by mixing 120 μl lipofectamine (Gibco BRL) in 1.2 ml serum free DMEM. Tubes A and B were then admixed by inversions (several times), followed by incubation at room temperature for 30-45 min. The admixture is referred to as the "transfection mixture". Plated COS-7 cells were washed with 1× PBS, followed by addition of 10 ml serum free DMEM. 2.4 ml of the transfection mixture was then added to the cells, followed by incubation for 4 hrs at 37° C./5% CO2. The transfection mixture was then removed by aspiration, followed by the addition of 25 ml of DMEM/10% Fetal Bovine Serum. Cells were then incubated at 37° C./5% CO2. After 72 hr incubation, cells were then harvested and utilized for analysis.

Example 3 Protocol: GTP Membrane Binding Scintillation Proximity Assay

The advantages of using [35 S]GTPγS binding to measure constitutive activation are that: (a) [35 S]GTPγS binding is generically applicable to all G protein-coupled receptors; and (b) [35 S]GTPγS binding is proximal at the membrane surface, thereby making it less likely to pick-up molecules which affect the intracellular cascade. The assay utilizes the ability of G protein-coupled receptors to stimulate [35 S]GTPγS binding to membranes expressing the relevant receptors. Therefore, the assay may be used to directly screen compounds at the disclosed serotonin receptors.

A scintillation proximity assay can be utilized to monitor the binding of [35 S]GTPγS to membranes expressing, e.g., the endogenous human 5-HT2C receptor expressed in COS cells. In brief, a preferred protocol for the assay is such that the assay was incubated in 20 mM HEPES, pH 7.4, binding buffer with 0.3 nM [35 S]GTPγS and 12.5 μg membrane protein and 1 μM GDP for 30 minutes. Wheatgerm agglutinin beads (25 μl; Amersham) were then added and the mixture was incubated for another 30 minutes at room temperature. The tubes were then centrifuged at 1500×g for 5 minutes at room temperature and then counted in a scintillation counter. Serotonin, which as the endogenous ligand activates the 5-HT2C receptor, stimulated [35 S]GTPγS binding to the membranes in a concentration dependant manner (data not shown). The stimulated binding can be completely inhibited by 30 μM mianserin, a compound considered as a classical 5-HT2C antagonist, but also known as a 5-HT2C inverse agonist (data not shown).

Although this assay measures agonist-induced binding of [35 S]GTPγS to membranes and can be routinely used to measure constitutive activity of receptors, the present cost of wheatgerm agglutinin beads may be prohibitive. A less costly but equally applicable alternative also meets the needs of large-scale screening. Flash plates and Wallac™ scintistrips may be used to format a high throughput [35 S]GTPγS binding assay. This technique allows one to monitor the tritiated ligand binding to the receptor while simultaneously monitoring the efficacy via [35 S]GTPγS binding. This is possible because the Wallac™ beta counter can switch energy windows to analyze both tritium and 35 S-labeled probes.

Also, this assay may be used for detecting of other types of membrane activation events that result in receptor activation. For example, the assay may be used to monitor 32 P phosphorylation of a variety of receptors (including G protein-coupled and tyrosine kinase receptors). When the membranes are centrifuged to the bottom of the well, the bound [35 S]GTPγS or the 32 P-phosphorylated receptor will activate the scintillant coated on the wells. Use of Scinti® strips (Wallac™) demonstrate this principle. Additionally, this assay may be used for measuring ligand binding to receptors using radiolabeled ligands. In a similar manner, the radiolabeled bound ligand is centrifuged to the bottom of the well and activates the scintillant. The [35 S]GTPγS assay results parallel the results obtained in traditional second messenger assays of receptors.

In this assay, serotonin stimulates the binding of [35 S]GTPγS to the endogenous human 5-HT2C receptor, while mianserin inhibits this response; furthermore, mianserin acts as a partial inverse agonist by inhibiting the basal constitutive binding of [35 S]GTPγS to membranes expressing the endogenous human 5-HT2C receptor (data not shown). In this assay, there should be no agonist response in the absence of GDP since there is no GDP present to exchange for [35 S]GTPγS . This assay system can be used to demonstrate the response of the native 5-HT2C receptor, and to also measures the constitutive activation of other receptors.

Using this assay, enhanced binding of [35 S]GTPγS to membranes prepared from 293T cells expressing the control vector alone, the native human 5-HT2C receptor or the AP-1 receptor was observed (data not shown). The total protein concentration used in the assay affects the total amount of [35 S]GTPγS binding for each receptor. The c.p.m. differential between the pCMV transfected and the constitutively active mutant receptor increased from approximately 1000 c.p.m at 10 μg/well to approximately 6-8000 c.p.m. at 75 μg/well protein concentration.

The AP-1 receptor showed the highest level of constitutive activation followed by the wild type receptor, which also showed enhanced [35 S]GTPγS binding above basal. This is consistent with the ability of the endogenous human 5-HT2C receptor to accumulate intracellular IP3 in the absence of 5HT stimulation (Example 5) and is also consistent with published data claiming that the endogenous human 5-HT2C receptor has a high natural basal activity. Therefore, the AP-1 receptor demonstrates that constitutive activity may be measured by proximal [35 S]GTPγS binding events at the membrane interface.

Example 4 Protocol: Serotonin Receptor Agonist/Antagonist Competitive Binding Assay

Membranes were prepared from transfected COS-7 cells (see Example 2) by homogenization in 20 mM HEPES and 10 mM EDTA, pH 7.4 and centrifuged at 49,000×g for 15 min. The pellet was resuspended in 20 mM HEPES and 0.1 mM EDTA, pH 7.4, homogenized for 10 sec. using polytron homogenizer (Brinkman) at 5000 rpm and centrifuged at 49,000×g for 15 min. The final pellet was resuspended in 20 mM HEPES and 10 mM MgCl2, pH 7.4, homogenized for 10 sec. using polytron homogenizer (Brinkman) at 5000 rpm.

Assays were performed in triplicate 200 μl volumes in 96 well plates. Assay buffer (20 mM HEPES and 10 mM MgCl2, pH 7.4) was used to dilute membranes, 3 H-LSD, 3 H-mesulergine, serotonin (used to define non-specific for LSD binding) and mianserin (used to define non-specific for mesulergine binding). Final assay concentrations consisted of 1 nM 3 H-LSD or 1 nM 3 H-mesulergine, 50 μg membrane protein and 100 μm serotonin or mianserin. LSD assays were incubated for 1 hr at 37° C., while mesulergine assays were incubated for 1 hr at room temperature. Assays were terminated by rapid filtration onto Wallac Filtermat Type B with ice cold binding buffer using Skatron cell harvester. The radioactivity was determined in a Wallac 1205 BetaPlate counter.

Example 5 Protocol: Intracellular IP3 Accumulation Assay

For the IP3 accumulation assay, a transfection protocol different from the protocol set forth in Example 2 was utilized. In the following example, the protocols used for days 1-3 were slightly different for indicated conditions, as set forth below; the protocol for day 4 was the same for all conditions.

A. COS-7 and 293 Cells

On day one, COS-7 cells or 293 cells were plated onto 24 well plates, usually 1×105 cells/well or 2×105 cells/well, respectively. On day two, the cells were transfected by first mixing 0.25 ug DNA (see Example 2) in 50 μl serum-free DMEM/well and then 2 μl lipofectamine in 50 μl serum-free DMEM/well. The solutions ("transfection media") were gently mixed and incubated for 15-30 minutes at room temperature. The cells were washed with 0.5 ml PBS and then 400 μl of serum free media was mixed with the transfection media and added to the cells. The cells were then incubated for 3-4 hours at 37° C./5%CO2. Then the transfection media was removed and replaced with 1 ml/well of regular growth media. On day 3, the media was removed and the cells were washed with 0.5 ml PBS. Then 0.5 ml inositol-free/serum-free media (GIBCO BRL) was added to each well with 0.25 μCi of 3 H-myo-inositol/well and the cells were incubated for 16-18 hours overnight at 37° C./5%CO2. Protocol A.

B. 293 Cells

On day one, 1×107 293 cells per 150 mm plate were plated out. On day two, two reaction tubes were prepared (the proportions to follow for each tube are per plate): tube A was prepared by mixing 20 μg DNA (e.g., pCMV vector; pCMV vector AP-1 cDNA, etc.) in 1.2 ml serum free DMEM (Irvine Scientific, Irvine, Calif.); tube B was prepared by mixing 120 μl lipofectamine (Gibco BRL) in 1.2 ml serum free DMEM. Tubes A and B were then admixed by inversions (several times), followed by incubation at room temperature for 30-45 min. The admixture is referred to as the "transfection mixture". Plated 293 cells were washed with 1×PBS, followed by addition of 10 ml serum free DMEM. 2.4 ml of the transfection mixture was then added to the cells, followed by incubation for 4 hrs at 37° C./5% CO2. On day 3, cells were trypsinized and counted, followed by plating of 1×106 cells/well (poly D-lysine treated 12-well plates). Cells were permitted to adhere to the wells, followed by one wash with 1×PBS. Thereafter, 0.5 μCi 3 H-inositol in 1 ml inositol-free DMEM was added per well. Protocol B.

On day 4, the cells were washed with 0.5 ml PBS and then 0.45 ml of assay medium was added containing inositol-free/serum free media, 10 μM pargyline, 10 mM lithium chloride, or 0.4 ml of assay medium and 50 ul of 10× ketanserin (ket) to a final concentration of 10 μM. The cells were then incubated for 30 minutes at 37° C. Then the cells were washed with 0.5 ml PBS and 200 ul of fresh/ice cold stop solution (1M KOH; 18 mM Na-borate; 3.8 mM EDTA) was added/well. The solution was kept on ice for 5-10 minutes or until the cells were lysed and then neutralized by 200 μl of fresh/ice cold neutralization sol. (7.5% HCL). The lysate was then transferred into 1.5 ml microcentrifuge tubes and 1 ml of chloroform/methanol (1:2) was added/tube. The solution was vortexed for 15 seconds and the upper phase was applied to a Biorad AG1-X8 anion exchange resin (100-200 mesh). The resin was washed with water and 0.9 ml of the upper phase was loaded onto the column. The column was washed with 10 mls of 5 mM myo-inositol and 10 ml of 5 mM Na-borate/60 mM Na-formate. The inositol trisphosphates were eluted into scintillation vials containing 10 ml of scintillation cocktail with 2 ml of 0.1 M formic acid/1 M ammonium formate. The columns were regenerated by washing with 10 ml of 0.1 M formic acid/3M ammonium formate and rinsed twice with dd H2 O and stored at room temperature in water. Results are discussed below.

Example 7 Screening of Candidate Compounds Against Non-Endogenous, Constitutively Activated Human Serotonin Receptors: AP-1

Approximately 5,500 candidate compounds (Tripos, Inc., St. Louis, Mo.) were screened using the assay protocol of Example 3 (with AP-1 mutant receptor) for identification as inverse agonists against the receptor; for this assay, an arbitrary cut-off of at least 50% inhibition was established for identification of inverse agonists. Approximately 120 of these compounds evidenced at least 50% inhibition of [35 S]GTPγS binding at 10 μM candidate compound (data not shown).

Example 8 Screening of Selected Compounds to Confirm Receptor Binding: AP-1

The candidate compounds identified from Example 7 were then screened using the assay protocol of Example 4 (mesulergine), using the AP-1 mutant receptor. IC50 (nM) values were determined; five of the nearly 120 compounds of Example 7 were determined to have potent binding affinity for the receptor. Results are summarized in Table 4.

              TABLE 4______________________________________Candidate Compound         IC50 (nM) in Mesulergine Assay______________________________________102461        205.0  102788 46.5  100341 209.0  100431 147.0  103487 1,810.0______________________________________
Example 9a General Screening Paradigm: Selection of Pre-Clinical Candidate Leads

The "primary" screen designed to directly identify human 5HT2A /5HT2C receptor inverse agonists consisted of a membrane-based GTPγS binding assay utilizing membranes prepared from COS7 cells transiently transfected with AP-1 human receptor. Candidate compounds (10 μM final assay concentration) directly identified as inhibiting receptor-mediated increases in GTPγS binding by greater than 50-75% (arbitrary cut-off value) were considered active "hits". Primary assay hits were then re-tested in the same assay to reconfirm their inverse agonist activity. If primary assay hits were reconfirmed active (50% or greater inhibition), and therefore directly identified as, e.g., an inverse agonist, one of two approaches were available: (a) so-called "directed libraries" could be created, i.e., additional candidate compounds were synthesized based upon the structures of the reconfirmed hits (geared towards, e.g., improvement in the characteristics of the compounds) whereby the directed library compounds were then evaluated for the ability to compete for radioligand binding to both mutant 5HT2C (AP-1) and endogenous 5HT2A receptors, or (b) the reconfirmed hits were then evaluated for the ability to compete for radioligand binding to both mutant 5HT2C (AP-1) and endogenous 5HT2A receptors. Thus, when approach (a) was used, because these directed library candidate compounds were based upon the structures of compounds that were directly identified from the membrane-based GTPγS binding assay, the directed library compounds were not re-tested in the membrane-based GTPγS binding assay but rather were then confirmed via the radioligand binding analysis. The radioligand binding analysis tests were initially performed at 10 μM test compound in triplicate and if the compound inhibited radiolabeled binding by 50% or more, the analysis was followed by eight concentration competition curves to determine Ki values. The last step in secondary assay evaluation was to determine if test compounds were capable of inhibiting AP-3 receptor-mediated accumulation of inositol phosphates (e.g., IP3). This final assay confirms that the directly identified compounds retained inverse agonist properties.

Example 9b Constitutively Activated Human 5HT2C Receptor (AP-1) Mediated Facilitation of GTPγS Binding to COS7 Membranes

This protocol is substantially the same as set forth above in Example 6.

Primary screening assays measuring GTPγS binding to membranes prepared from COS7 cells transiently transfected with human mutated 5HT2C receptor (AP-1) were used to directly identify inverse agonists in screening libraries (Tripos, Inc.). Candidate compound screens were performed in a total assay volume of 200 μl using scintillant-coated Wallac Scintistrip™ plates. The primary assay was comprised of the following chemicals (at indicated final assay concentrations): 20 mM HEPES, pH 7.4, 100 mM NaCl, 20 mM MgCl2, 0.2% saponin, 0.2 mM ascorbic acid, 1 μM GDP, 0.3 nM GTPγ35 S, and 12.5 μg of the above defined membranes. Incubations were performed for 60 minutes at ambient room temperature. The binding assay incubation was terminated by centrifugation of assay plates at 4,000 rpm for 15 minutes, followed by rapid aspiration of the reaction mixture and counting in a Wallac MicroBeta™ scintillation counter.

Primary screening of candidate compounds initially involved testing of 72 test compounds per assay plate (96-well plates were utilized), at a final assay concentration of 10 μM candidate compound, in single replicates. A total of sixteen wells of each plate were dedicated for an eight concentration clozapine (a confirmed 5HT2C /2A inverse agonist) dose response curve (duplicate determinations at each concentration). Finally, a total of five assay wells of each plate were dedicated to define the negative control (AP-1 receptor expressing membranes without addition of candidate compounds) and three wells from each plate to define the positive control (membranes without AP-1 receptor).

Reconfirmation experiments involve re-testing candidate compounds in the same assay described above, except that candidate compounds were evaluated in triplicate, thus allowing evaluation of 24 compounds per 96-well assay plate. Similar to the primary assay plates, an eight concentration clozapine dose response curve (duplicate determinations at each concentration) and the same negative and positive control wells were also included within each 96-well plate.

Example 9c(1) Competition Studies for Directly Identified Compounds: Mutated Human 5HT2C Receptor (AP-1)

Radioligand binding competition experiments were performed in a total assay volume of 200 μl using standard 96-well microtiter plates. The final assay ingredients consisted of assay buffer (20 mM HEPES and 10 mM MgCl2), 1 nM [3 H]mesulergine, and 50 μg of membranes (COS7 with AP-1 as defined above). Nonspecific [3 H]mesulergine binding was defined in the presence of 100 μM mianserin. Incubations were performed for 1 hour at 37° C. Receptor bound radioligand was resolved from free radioligand by rapid filtration of the assay mixture over a Wallac Filtermat™ Type B filter, followed by washing with ice-cold assay buffer using a Skatron™ cell harvester. Radioactivity was counted using a Wallac 1205 BetaPlate™ counter. Each assay plate contained five negative control wells (membranes expressing receptor and no candidate compound addition) and three positive control wells (each containing 100 μM mianserin). For one concentration tests, candidate compounds were diluted into assay buffer and screened at a final concentration of 10 μM, in triplicate. For IC50 determinations, candidate compounds were diluted in assay buffer and eight different concentrations were evaluated, in triplicate. A total of 16 wells were designated for an eight concentration mianserin dose response curve evaluation for both assays.

Example 9c(2) Competition Studies Wild Type Human 5HT2A Receptor

Radioligand binding competition experiments were performed in a total assay volume of 200 μl using standard 96-well microtiter plates. The final assay ingredients comprised assay buffer (20 mM HEPES and 10 mM MgCl2), 1 nM [3 H]LSD, and 50 μg of the above-defined membranes (COS7 with AP-1). Nonspecific [3 H]LSD binding was defined in the presence of 100 μM serotonin. Incubations were performed for 1 hour at 37° C. Receptor bound radioligand was resolved from free radioligand by rapid filtration of the assay mixture over a Wallac Filtermat™ Type B filter, followed by washing with ice-cold assay buffer using a Skatron™ cell harvester. Radioactivity was counted using a Wallac 1205 BetaPlate™ counter. Each assay plate contained five negative control wells (membranes expressing receptor and no candidate compound addition) and three positive control wells (containing 100 μM mianserin). For one concentration tests, candidate compounds were diluted into assay buffer and screened at a final concentration of 10 μM in triplicate. For IC50 determinations, candidate compounds were diluted in assay buffer and eight different concentrations were evaluated in triplicate. A total of 16 wells were designated for an eight concentration serotonin dose response curve evaluation for both assays.

Example 9d Receptor-Mediated Inositol Phosphate Accumulation

Candidate compound identified in the assays of Examples 9a-9c were then evaluated for inositol phosphate accumulation, following the protocol of Example 5 (COS7 cells expressing human mutated 5HT2A receptor, AP-3), modified as follows: tube A was prepared by mixing 16 μg DNA (e.g., pCMV vector; pCMV vector AP-1 cDNA, etc.) in 1.0 ml serum free DMEM (Irvine Scientific, Irvine, Calif.); tube B was prepared by mixing 60 μl lipofectamine (Gibco BRL) in 1.0 ml serum free DMEM. Tubes A and B were then admixed by inversions (several times), followed by incubation at room temperature for 30 min. The admixture is referred to as the "transfection mixture". Plated 293 cells were washed with 10 ml Serum Free DMEM, followed by addition of 11 ml Serum Free DMEM. 2.0 ml of the transfection mixture was then added to the cells, followed by incubation for 5 hrs at 37° C./5% CO2. On day 3, cells were trypsinized and counted, followed by plating of 1×106 cells/well (12-well plates). Cells were permitted to adhere to the wells for 8 hrs, followed by one wash with 1×PBS. Thereafter, 0.5 μCi 3 H-inositol in 1 ml inositol-free DMEM was added per well.

On day 4, the cells were washed with 1.5 ml PBS and then 0.9 ml of assay medium was added containing inositol-free/serum free media, 10 μM pargyline, 10 mM lithium chloride, for 5 min in 37° C./5% CO2 followed by 100 μl addition of candidate compound diluted in the same material. The cells were then incubated for 120 minutes at 37° C. Then the cells were washed with 1.5 ml PBS and 200 μl of fresh/icecold stop solution (1M KOH; 18 mM Na-borate; 3.8 mM EDTA) was added/well. The solution was kept on ice for 5-10 minutes or until the cells were lysed and then neutralized by 200 μl of fresh/ice cold neutralization sol. (7.5% HCL). The lysate was then transferred into 1.5 ml micro-centrifuge tubes and 1 ml of chloroform/methanol (1:2) was added/tube. The solution was vortexed for 15 seconds and the upper phase was applied to a Biorad AG1-X8 anion exchange resin (100-200 mesh). The resin was washed with water and 0.9 ml of the upper phase was loaded onto the column. The column was washed with 10 mls of 5 mM myo-inositol and 10 ml of 5 mM Na-borate/60 mM Na-formate. The inositol trisphosphates were eluted into scintillation vials containing 10 ml of scintillation cocktail with 2 ml of 0.1 M formic acid/1 M ammonium formate. The columns were regenerated by washing with 10 ml of 0.1 M formic acid/3M ammonium formate and rinsed twice with dd H2 O and stored at room temperature in water.

Following this round of assaying, candidate compounds having an IC50 value of less than 10 μM were considered as potential leads for the development of pharmaceutical compositions.

Example 10 Screening Candidate Compounds

Following the protocols set forth above, one compound, 103487 (Example 8, supra) evidenced the following results:

__________________________________________________________________________  GTPγS         GTPγS   AP-1 AP-1   Percent Percent  Competitive Inositol   Inhibition Inhibition Competitive Binding Binding Phosphate   Relative To Relative To AP-1 WT 5HT2A Accumulation   Positive Positive ([3 H]mesulergine) ([3 H]LSD) AP-3                                   Compound Control Control IC50                                   Value IC50 Value IC50                                  Value  No. (Primary) (Reconfirm) (nM) (nM) (nM)__________________________________________________________________________  103487 -1% 31% 2100 46 52 850  90__________________________________________________________________________

Based upon these results, structure activity analysis of the 103487 compound suggested that a series of derivatives of 3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazole-3-yl)phenylamine would exhibit similar 5-HT2A activity and selectivity. A series of derivatives of 3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazole-3-yl)phenylamine were synthesized. These "directed" library compounds (Tripos, Inc.) were then analyzed in accordance with the protocols of Examples 9c(1), 9c(2) and 9d.

A preferred series of compounds possessing 5-HT2A receptor activity that are useful as inverse agonists at such receptors is designated by the general Formula (A): ##STR1## wherein:

W is F, Cl, Br, I, C1-8 straight chain or branched alkyl, C3-8 cycloalkyl, C4-9 alkylcycloalkyl, or C2-8 alkenyl;

X is O or S or NR2 ;

Y is NR3 R4, or (CH2)m R5, or O(CH2)n R6

m is an integer between 0 and 4, inclusive;

n is an integer between 0 and 4, inclusive;

Z is H, C1-8 straight chain or branched alkyl, C3-8 cycloalkyl, C4-9 alkylcycloalkyl, or C2-8 alkenyl;

R1, R2, R3 and R10 are each independently selected from: H, C1-8 straight chain or branched alkyl, C3-8 cycloalkyl, C4-9 alkylcycloalkyl, or C2-8 alkenyl;

R4, R5, and R6 is each independently selected from: C1-8 straight chain or branched alkyl, C2-8 alkenyl or cycloalkyl, or alkylcycloalkyl, or aryl, or CH2 aryl, wherein each moiety within said C1-8 straight chain or branched alkyl, C2-8 alkenyl or cycloalkyl, or alkylcycloalkyl, or aryl or CH2 aryl may be optionally substituted by up to four substituents in any position, whereby each substituent is independently selected from: H, F, Cl, Br, I, R7, CF3, CF2 R7, CF2 CF2, CCl3, CCl2 R7, CCl2 CCl2 R7, NR8 R9, NR10 COR7, NR10 SO2 R7, OR7, OCF3, OCF2 R7, OCF2 CF2 R7, OCOR7, OSO2 R7, OPO(OR7)2, SR7, SCF3, SCF2 R7, SCF2 CF2 R7, SCOR7, SO3 R7, SO2 NR8 R9, PO(OR7)3, PO(OR7)2 R7, NO2, CN, CNR10 (NR8 R9), CNR10 (SR7), COOR7, COSR7, CONR8 R9,

with the proviso that when R4, R5, or R6 contains an aryl ring substituted at at least two adjacent positions on said aryl ring, then said two adjacent positions can together be selected from SCH2 S, SCH2 CH2 S, OCH2 O, or OCH2 CH2 O to form a bi-cyclic structure;

R7 is H, C1-8 straight chain or branched alkyl, C3-8 cycloalkyl, C4-9 alkylcycloalkyl, C2-8 alkenyl, aryl or alkylaryl; and

R8 and R9 are each independently selected from H, C1-8 straight chain or branched alkyl, C2-8 alkenyl or cycloalkyl, or alkylcycloalkyl, or aryl, or CH2 aryl, wherein each moiety within said C1-8 straight chain or branched alkyl, C2-8 alkenyl or cycloalkyl, or alkylcycloalkyl, or aryl or CH2 aryl may be optionally substituted by up to four substituents in any position, whereby each substituent is independently selected from: F, Cl, Br, I, CF3, CCl3, CH3, C2 H5, C3 H7, C4 H9, NH2, NHCH3, N(CH3)2, NHC2 H5, N(C2 H5)2, NHC3 H7, N(C3 H7)2, NHC4 H9, N(C4 H9)2, NHCOH, NHCOCH3, NHCOC2 H5, NHCOC3 H7, NHCOC4 H9, NHSO2 CH3, NHSO2 C2 H5, NHSO2 C3 H7, NHSO2 C4 H9, OH, OCH3, OC2 H5, OC3 H7, OC4 H7, OC4 H9, OC5 H9, OC5 H11, OC6 H11, OC6 H13, OCF3, OCOCH3, OCOC2 H5, OCOC3 H7, OCOC4 H9, OSO2 CH3, OSO2 C2 H5, OSO2 C3 H7, OSO2 C4 H9, SH, SCH3, SC2 H5, SC3 H7, SC4 H7, SC4 H9, SC5 H9, SC5 H11, SC6 H11, SC6 H13,, SCF3, SCOCH3, SCOC2 H5, SCOC3 H7, SCOC4 H9, SO3 CH3, SO3 C2 H5, SO3 C3 H7, SO3 C4 H9, SO2 NH, SO2 NH2, SO2 NHCH3, SO2 N(CH3)2, SO2 NHC2 H5, SO2 N(C2 H5)2, SO2 NHC3 H7, SO2 N(C3 H7)2, SO2 NHC4 H9, SO2 N(C4 H9)2, NO2, CN, COOCH3, COOC2 H5, COOC3 H7, COOC4 H9, COSCH3, COSC2 H5, COSC3 H7, COSC4 H9, CONH2, CONHCH3, CON(CH3)2, CONHC2 H5, CON(C2 H5)2, CONHC3 H7, CON(C3 H7)2, CONHC4 H9, CON(C4 H9)2, and

with the proviso that when either or both of R8 or R9 contain an aryl ring substituted at at least two adjacent positions on said aryl ring, then said two adjacent positions can together be selected from SCH2 S, SCH2 CH2 S, OCH2 O, or OCH2 CH2 O to form a bi-cyclic structure;

or

R8 and R9 may together form part of a 5, 6 or 7 membered cyclic structure, with said structure being saturated or unsaturated, and further with said structure containing up to four heteroatoms selected from O, N or S, and further wherein each moiety within said cyclic structure being optionally substituted by up to four substituents in any position independently selected from: F, Cl, Br, I, CF3, CCl3, CH3, C2 H5, C3 H7, C4 H9, NH2, NHCH3, N(CH3)2, NHC2 H5, N(C2 H5)2, NHC3 H7, N(C3 H7)2, NHC4 H9, N(C4 H9)2, NHCOH, NHCOCH3, NHCOC2 H5, NHCOC3 H7, NHCOC4 H9, NHSO2 CH3, NHSO2 C2 H5, NHSO2 C3 H7, NHSO2 C4 H9, OH, OCH3, OC2 H5, OC3 H7, OC4 H7, OC4 H9, OC5 H9, OC5 H11, OC6 H11, OC6 H13, OCF3, OCOCH3, OCOC2 H5, OCOC3 H7, OCOC4 H9, OSO2 CH3, OSO2 C2 H5, OSO2 C3 H7, OSO2 C4 H9, SH, SCH3, SC2 H5, SC3 H7, SC4 H7, SC4 H9, SC5 H9, SC5 H11, SC6 H11, SC6 H13,, SCF3, SCOCH3, SCOC2 H5, SCOC3 H7, SCOC4 H9, SO3 CH3, SO3 C2 H5, SO3 C3 H7, SO3 C4 H9, SO2 NH, SO2 NH2, SO2 NHCH3, SO2 N(CH3)2, SO2 NHC2 H5, SO2 N(C2 H5)2, SO2 NHC3 H7, SO2 N(C3 H7)2, SO2 NHC4 H9, SO2 N(C4 H9)2, NO2, CN, COOCH3, COOC2 H5, COOC3 H7, COOC4 H9, COSCH3, COSC2 H5, COSC3 H7, COSC4 H9, CONH2, CONHCH3, CON(CH3)2, CONHC2 H5, CON(C2 H5)2, CONHC3 H7, CON(C3 H7)2, CONHC4 H9, CON(C4 H9)2, and

with the proviso that wherein when R8 and R9 form an aryl ring substituted at at least two adjacent positions on said aryl ring, then said two adjacent positions can together be selected from SCH2 S, SCH2 CH2 S, OCH2 O, or OCH2 CH2 O to form a bi-cyclic structure.

An aryl moiety can be a 5 or 6 membered aromatic heterocyclic ring (containing up to 4 hetero atoms independently selected from N, O, or S) or a 6 membered aromatic non-heterocyclic ring or a polycycle;

Examples of suitable C1-8 alkyl groups include but are not limited to methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, i-propyl, n-butyl, and t-butyl.

Examples of 5 or 6 membered ring moieties include, but are not restricted to, phenyl, furanyl, thienyl, imidazolyl, pyridyl, pyrrolyl, oxazolyl, isoxazolyl, triazolyl, pyrazolyl, tetrazolyl, thiazolyl, and isothiazolyl. Examples of polycycle moieties include, but are not restricted to, naphthyl, benzothiazolyl, benzofuranyl, benzimidazolyl, quinolyl, isoquinolyl, indolyl, quinoxalinyl, quinazolinyl, and benzothienyl.

Preferred compounds falling within the scope of general Formula (A) as Class (1) compounds where Y=NR3 R4 are as follows: ##STR2## wherein:

X is O or S or NR2 ;

Z is H or CH3 ;

R2, R3 and R10 are each independently selected from H, C1-8 straight chain or branched alkyl, C3-8 cycloalkyl, C4-9 alkylcycloalkyl, or C2-8 alkenyl;

R11 is H, F, Cl, Br, I, R7, CF3, CF2 R7, CF2 CF2, CCl3, CCl2 R7, CCl2 CCl2 R7, NR8 R9, NR10 COR7, NR10 SO2 R7, OR7, OCF3, OCF2 R7, OCF2 CF2 R7, OCOR7, OSO2 R7, OPO(OR7)2, SR7, SCF3, SCF2 R7, SCF2 CF2 R7, SCOR7, SO3 R7, SO2 NR8 R9, PO(OR7)3, PO(OR7)2 R7, NO2, CN, CNR10 (NR8 R9), CNR10 (SR7), COOR7, COSR7, CONR8 R9,

with the proviso that when a position adjacent to R11 is substituted, then R11 and said adjacent position can together be selected from SCH2 S, SCH2 CH2 S, OCH2 O, or OCH2 CH2 O to form a bi-cyclic structure;

R7 is H, C1-8 straight chain or branched alkyl, C3-8 cycloalkyl, C4-9 alkylcycloalkyl, C2-8 alkenyl, aryl or alkylaryl;

R8 and R9 are each independently selected from: H, C1-8 straight chain or branched alkyl, C2-8 alkenyl or cycloalkyl, or alkylcycloalkyl, or aryl or CH2 aryl wherein each moiety within said C1-8 straight chain or branched alkyl, C2-8 alkenyl or cycloalkyl, or alkylcycloalkyl, or aryl or CH2 aryl may be optionally substituted by up to four substituents in any position, whereby each substituent is independently selected from: F, Cl, Br, I, CF3, CCl3, CH3, C2 H5, C3 H7, C4 H9, NH2, NHCH3, N(CH3)2, NHC2 H5, N(C2 H5)2, NHC3 H7, N(C3 H7)2, NHC4 H9, N(C4 H9)2, NHCOH, NHCOCH3, NHCOC2 H5, NHCOC3 H7, NHCOC4 H9, NHSO2 CH3, NHSO2 C2 H5, NHSO2 C3 H7, NHSO2 C4 H9, OH, OCH3, OC2 H5, OC3 H7, OC4 H7, OC4 H9, OC5 H9, OC5 H11, OC6 H11, OC6 H13, OCF3, OCOCH3, OCOC2 H5, OCOC3 H7, OCOC4 H9, OSO2 CH3, OSO2 C2 H5, OSO2 C3 H7, OSO2 C4 H9, SH, SCH3, SC2 H5, SC3 H7, SC4 H7, SC4 H9, SC5 H9, SC5 H11, SC6 H11, SC6 H13,, SCF3, SCOCH3, SCOC2 H5, SCOC3 H7, SCOC4 H9, SO3 CH3, SO3 C2 H5, SO3 C3 H7, SO3 C4 H9, SO2 NH, SO2 NH2, SO2 NHCH3, SO2 N(CH3)2, SO2 NHC2 H5, SO2 N(C2 H5)2, S 02 NHC3 H7, SO2 N(C3 H7)2, SO2 NHC4 H9, SO2 N(C4 H9)2, NO2, CN, COOCH3, COOC2 H5, COOC3 H7, COOC4 H9, COSCH3, COSC2 H5, COSC3 H7, COSC4 H9, CONH2, CONHCH3, CON(CH3)2, CONHC2 H5, CON(C2 H5)2, CONHC3 H7, CON(C3 H7)2, CONHC4 H9, CON(C4 H9)2,

with the proviso that when either of R8 or R9 contain an aryl ring substituted at at least two adjacent positions on said aryl ring, then said two adjacent positions can together be selected from SCH2 S, SCH2 CH2 S, OCH2 O, or OCH2 CH2 O to form a bi-cyclic structure;

R12, R13, R14, and R15 are each independently selected from the following: F, Cl, Br, I, CF3, CCl3, CH3, C2 H5, C3 H7, C4 H9, NH2, NHCH3, N(CH3)2, NHC2 H5, N(C2 H5)2, NHC3 H7, N(C3 H7)2, NHC4 H9, N(C4 H9)2, NHCOH, NHCOCH3, NHCOC2 H5, NHCOC3 H7, NHCOC4 H9, NHSO2 CH3, NHSO2 C2 H5, NHSO2 C3 H7, NHSO2 C4 H9, OH, OCH3, OC2 H5, OC3 H7, OC4 H7, OC4 H9, OC5 H9, OC5 H11, OC6 H11, OC6 H13, OCF3, OCOCH3, OCOC2 H5, OCOC3 H7, OCOC4 H9, OSO2 CH3, OSO2 C2 H5, OSO2 C3 H7, OSO2 C4 H9, SH, SCH3, SC2 H5, SC3 H7, SC4 H7, SC4 H9, SC5 H9, SC5 H11, SC6 H11, SC6 H13,, SCF3, SCOCH3, SCOC2 H5, SCOC3 H7, SCOC4 H9, SO3 CH3, SO3 C2 H5, SO3 C3 H7, SO3 C4 H9, SO2 NH, SO2 NH2, SO2 NHCH3, SO2 N(CH3)2, SO2 NHC2 H5, SO2 N(C2 H5)2, SO2 NHC3 H7, SO2 N(C3 H7)2, SO2 NHC4 H9, SO2 N(C4 H9)2, NO2, CN, COOCH3, COOC2 H5, COOC3 H7, COOC4 H9, COSCH3, COSC2 H5, COSC3 H7, COSC4 H9, CONH2, CONHCH3, CON(CH3)2, CONHC2 H5, CON(C2 H5)2, CONHC3 H7, CON(C3 H7)2, CONHC4 H9, CON(C4 H9)2, and

with the proviso that when any two adjacent positions of R12, R13, R14, and R15 are substituted, said two adjacent positions can together be further selected from SCH2 S, SCH2 CH2 S, OCH2 O, or OCH2 CH2 O to form a bi-cyclic structure; and

with the proviso that at least one of R12, R13, R14, and R15 must be H.

More preferred compounds falling within the scope of Class (1) compounds are defined as follows: ##STR3## wherein:

X is O or S;

Z is H or CH3 ;

R3 and R10 are each independently selected from H, C1-8 straight chain or branched alkyl, C3-8 cycloalkyl, C4-9 alkylcycloalkyl, or C2-8 alkenyl;

R11 is H, F, Cl, Br, I, R7, CF3, CCl3, NR8 R9, NR10 COR7, NR10 SO2 R7, OR7, OCF3, OCOR7, OSO2 R7, SR7, SCF3, SCOR7, SO3 R7, SO2 NR8 R9, NO2, CN, COOR7, COSR7, CONR8 R9,

with the proviso that when a position adjacent to R11 is substituted, then R11 and said adjacent position can together be selected from SCH2 S, SCH2 CH2 S, OCH2 O, or OCH2 CH2 O to form a bi-cyclic structure;

R7 is H, C1-8 straight chain or branched alkyl, C3-8 cycloalkyl, C4-9 alkylcycloalkyl, C2-8 alkenyl, aryl or alkylaryl;

R8 and R9 are independently selected from H, C1-8 straight chain or branched alkyl, C2-8 alkenyl or cycloalkyl, or alkylcycloalkyl, or aryl or CH2 aryl wherein each moiety within said C1-8 straight chain or branched alkyl, C2-8 alkenyl or cycloalkyl, or alkylcycloalkyl, or aryl or CH2 aryl may be optionally substituted by up to four substituents in any position, whereby each substituent is independently selected from: F, Cl, Br, I, CF3, CCl3, CH3, C2 H5, C3 H7, C4 H9, NH2, NHCH3, N(CH3)2, NHC2 H5, N(C2 H5)2, NHC3 H7, N(C3 H7)2, NHC4 H9, N(C4 H9)2, NHCOH, NHCOCH3, NHCOC2 H5, NHCOC3 H7, NHCOC4 H9, NHSO2 CH3, NHSO2 C2 H5, NHSO2 C3 H7, NHSO2 C4 H9, OH, OCH3, OC2 H5, OC3 H7, OC4 H7, OC4 H9, OC5 H9, OC5 H11, OC6 H11, OC6 H13, OCF3, OCOCH3, OCOC2 H5, OCOC3 H7, OCOC4 H9, OSO2 CH3, OSO2 C2 H5, OSO2 C3 H7, OSO2 C4 H9, SH, SCH3, SC2 H5, SC3 H7, SC4 H7, SC4 H9, SC5 H9, SC5 H11, SC6 H11, SC6 H13,, SCF3, SCOCH3, SCOC2 H5, SCOC3 H7, SCOC4 H9, SO3 CH3, SO3 C2 H5, SO3 C3 H7, SO3 C4 H9, SO2 NH, SO2 NH2, SO2 NHCH3, SO2 N(CH3)2, SO2 NHC2 H5, SO2 N(C2 H5)2, SO2 NHC3 H7, SO2 N(C3 H7)2, SO2 NHC4 H9, SO2 N(C4 H9)2, NO2, CN, COOCH3, COOC2 H5, COOC3 H7, COOC4 H9, COSCH3, COSC2 H5, COSC3 H7, COSC4 H9, CONH2, CONHCH3, CON(CH3)2, CONHC2 H5, CON(C2 H5)2, CONHC3 H7, CON(C3 H7)2, CONHC4 H9, CON(C4 H9)2, and

with the proviso that when either of R8 or R9 contain an aryl ring substituted at at least two adjacent positions on said aryl ring, then said two adjacent positions can together be selected from SCH2 S, SCH2 CH2 S, OCH2 O, or OCH2 CH2 O to form a bi-cyclic structure;

R12, R13, R14, and R15 are each independently selected from: F, Cl, Br, I, CF3, CCl3, CH3, C2 H5, C3 H7, C4 H9, NH2, NHCH3, N(CH3)2, NHC2 H5, N(C2 H5)2, NHC3 H7, N(C3 H7)2, NHC4 H9, N(C4 H9)2, NHCOH, NHCOCH3, NHCOC2 H5, NHCOC3 H7, NHCOC4 H9, NHSO2 CH3, NHSO2 C2 H5, NHSO2 C3 H7, NHSO2 C4 H9, OH, OCH3, OC2 H5, OC3 H7, OC4 H7, OC4 H9, OC5 H9, OC5 H11, OC6 H11, OC6 H13, OCF3, OCOCH3, OCOC2 H5, OCOC3 H7, OCOC4 H9, OSO2 CH3, OSO2 C2 H5, OSO2 C3 H7, OSO2 C4 H9, SH, SCH3, SC2 H5, SC3 H7, SC4 H7, SC4 H9, SC5 H9, SC5 H11, SC6 H11, SC6 H13,, SCF3, SCOCH3, SCOC2 H5, SCOC3 H7, SCOC4 H9, SO3 CH3, SO3 C2 H5, SO3 C3 H7, SO3 C4 H9, SO2 NH, SO2 NH2, SO2 NHCH3, SO2 N(CH3)2, SO2 NHC2 H5, SO2 N(C2 H5)2, SO2 NHC3 H7, SO2 N(C3 H7)2, SO2 NHC4 H9, SO2 N(C4 H9)2, NO2, CN, COOCH3, COOC2 H5, COOC3 H7, COOC4 H9, COSCH3, COSC2 H5, COSC3 H7, COSC4 H9, CONH2, CONHCH3, CON(CH3)2, CONHC2 H5, CON(C2 H5)2, CONHC3 H7, CON(C3 H7)2, CONHC4 H9, CON(C4 H9)2, and

with the proviso that when any two adjacent positions of R12, R13, R14, and R15 are substituted, said two adjacent positions can together be further selected from SCH2 S, SCH2 CH2 S, OCH2 O, or OCH2 CH2 O to form a bi-cyclic structure; and

with the proviso that at least two of R12, R13, R14, and R15 must be H.

Exemplary compounds of general Formula (A), Class (1) are set forth below. Based upon in vivo data developed (as set forth below), Compounds 116081 and 116082 are particularly preferred.

Inositol phosphate accumulation assays evidence the activity of test compounds. Both single concentration percentages of control values and IC50 determinations indicate activity. In the tables below the column legends have the following meanings:

IP3 % Control: The values in this column reflect an IP Accumulation Assay where the test compounds were evaluated at one concentration of 10 μM. For these assays, the compound was diluted into inositol-free Dulbecco's Eagle Media containing 10 μM pargyline and 10 mM LiCl and tested at a final assay concentration of 10 μM, in triplicate. The percent control value was calculated based on the control in which no test compound was added.

IP3 AP-3 IC50 nM: The values in this column reflect an IP accumulation assay in which the test compound was evaluated at several different concentrations whereby an IC50 could be determined. This column corresponds to the column appearing in the tables above which is labeled: Inositol Phosphate Accumulation, AP-3, IC50 Value (μM).

WT 5HT2A LSD IC50 nM: The values in this column reflect a competitive binding assay using LSD. This column corresponds to the column appearing in the tables above which is labeled: Competitive Binding, WT 5HT2A, ([3 H]LSD), IC50 Value (μM).

(Note: A "dash" in the table indicates that no value was determined.)

__________________________________________________________________________  #STR4##                                      WT    IP3 IP3 5HT2A  Compound       % of AP-3 LSD  No. R1 R2 R3 R4 X U Control IC50 nM IC50                                      nM__________________________________________________________________________N-[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl][(4-methylthiophenyl)amino]carboxamide116079 SCH3        H   H    H  O  NH   16   17    4N-[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl][(4-chlorophenyl)amino]carboxamide116081 Cl    H   H    H  O  NH   10   3.2   11{[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-(4-fluorophenyl)carboxamide116082 F     H   H    H  O  NH   11   --    7{[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-[2-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl]carboxamide116087 H     H   CF3 O                 H  O  NH   11   --   200{[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-(2-nitrophenyl)carboxamide116089 H     H   NO2                 H  O  NH   27   --   238{[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-(4-methoxyphenyl)carboxamide116091 MeO   H   H    H  O  NH   12   --    19{[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-(2-methylphenyl)carboxamide116092 H     H   Me   H  O  NH   32   --   131{[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-[4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carboxamide116097 CF3        H   H    H  O  NH   11   --    65{[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-(3-chlorophenyl)carboxamide116105 H     Cl  H    H  O  NH   11   --    39{[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-(2-chlorophenyl)carboxamide116108 H     H   Cl   H  O  NH    6   --   249{[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-[4-(methylethyl)phenyl]carboxamide116110 isopropyl        H   H    H  O  NH    7   --   338{[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-(3-methoxyphenyl)carboxamide116111 H     MeO H    H  O  NH    7   --   106{[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-(3-methylphenyl)carboxamide116112 H     Me  H    H  O  NH   14   --    57[{3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl}amino]-N-methyl-N-[4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl]carboxamide116113 CF3 O        H   H    H  O  NCH3                            --   193   2N-[4-(tert-butyl)phenyl]{[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}carboxamide116119 t-butyl        H   H    H  O  NH   17   --   476N-[4-(dimethylamino)phenyl]{[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}carboxamide116122 NMe2        H   H    H  O  NH    9   --   309N-(3,5-dichloro-4-methylphenyl){[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}carboxamide116138 Me    Cl  H    Cl O  NH   23   --   122{[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-[4-(trifluoromethylthio)phenyl]carboxamide116139 CF3 S        H   H    H  O  NH   12   --    56{[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-(2-fluorophenyl)carboxamide116144 H     H   F    H  O  NH   12   --    372-({[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}carbonylamino)benzamide116145 H     H   CONH2                 H  O  NH   31   --   7473{[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-(4-cyanophenyl)carboxamide116147 CN    H   H    H  O  NH   12   --    2{[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-(2-cyanophenyl)carboxamide116148 H     H   CN   H  O  NH   30   --   348__________________________________________________________________________

Additional compounds falling under the defined parameters of class (1) are as follows:

__________________________________________________________________________  #STR5##                                WT    IP3 5HT2A  Compound  AP-3 LSD  No.  IC50 nM IC50 nM__________________________________________________________________________  116141 N-[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3- 114  81   yl)phenyl][cyclohexylamino]carboxamide__________________________________________________________________________                                WT   IP3 5HT2A  Compound      AP-3 LSD  No. R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 IC50 nM IC50__________________________________________________________________________                                nM  #STR6##   -N-[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl][phenylmethylamino]carboxamide116143  H    H    H   H    H   120    47N-[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl][{(4-fluorophenyl)methyl}amino]carboxamide116182  F    H    H   H    H    89   132N-[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl][{(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)methyl}amino]carboxamide116183  OMe  OMe  H   H    H   --    1010N-[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl][{(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)methyl}amino]carboxamide116184  OMe  OMe  H   OMe  H   --    2960N-[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl][{(2-methylphenyl)methyl}amino]carboxamide116185  H    H    Me  H    H   --    769N-[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl][{(4-methoxyphenyl)methyl}amino]carboxamide116189  OMe  H    H   H    H   --    102   -  #STR7##   -N-[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl][{2-(4-methoxyphenyl)ethyl}amino]carboxamide116194  OMe  H    H   H    H    32    61__________________________________________________________________________
Example 11 In Vivo Analysis

A. 1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminopropane ("DOI") Motor Dysfunction Analysis: 116081 and 116082

The profiles of 116082 and 116081 in in vitro functional assays suggested that this compound exhibit selective 5HT2A inverse agonist properties. Assessment of 5-HT2 receptor antagonism in vivo was made by using the DOI locomotor activity test in rats as described by Krebs-Thomson (Psychopharmacology, 140:69-74, 1998).

The peripheral administration of the hallucinogen and 5HT2 agonist DOI [1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminopropane] at a dose of 0.3 mg/kg typically produces motor dysfunction in rats as shown by a decrease in ambulation (i.e. walking and running), fine movement of the body at rest (i.e. grooming, licking) and rearing activity (i.e. standing on hindlimbs). Motor function was assessed by using automated locomotor activity cages. The rats were placed in a standard rodent cage surrounded by photocell beams, which allow for automated recording of motor activity. The animals were under no motivational constraints and were free to move around the cage. In this test, male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=6 per dose) were administered with 11081 or 11082 (intraperitoneal injection) followed by a subcutaneous administration of DOI 30 min later. A reversal of DOI-induced motor dysfunction in rats is considered to be predictive of the ability of the test compound to antagonize 5HT2 receptors in vivo.

Based upon the results presented in FIGS. 3 and 4, a conclusion that can be drawn from the data is that 116081 and 116082 beneficially reverses DOI-induced motor dysfunction. Based upon the data developed, another conclusion that can be drawn is that 116082 exhibits its serotonin 5HT2 antagonist properties at doses ranging from 5 to 10 mg/kg and that 116081 exhibits its serotonin 5HT2 antagonist properties at dose ranging from 2.5 to 10 mg/kg.

B. Extrapyramidal Side Effect Analysis: 116082

A significant problem of currently marketed typical antipsychotics such as haloperidol is the occurrence of extrapyramidal side effects. The extrapyramidal motor syndrome (EPS) is characterized by Parkinson-like symptoms resulting from the blockade of brain striatal dopamine D2 and D1 receptors (Snyder, S H. Am. J. Psychiatry, 138:461-468, 1981).

The propensity of a potential therapeutic to block striatal dopamine receptors can be evaluated by measurement of the induction of catalepsy in rodents (Hoffman and Donavan, Psychopharmacology 120:128-133, 1995). Catalepsy is characterized by body rigidity and is commonly measured using the bar test in rats (Prinssen et al., Psychopharmacology, 144:20-29,1999). Thus, this test was used to determine the potential EPS side effect liability of116082 in vivo.

In the bar test, the rat's forelimbs were placed on a horizontal, cylindrical metal bar (diameter 0.75 cm, height 10 cm) and the time during which both forelimbs remained on the bar was determined up to a maximum of 30 sec. This test was repeated 3 times consecutively and catalepsy was defined as the average of the three duration measurements. Male Sprague-Dawley (average body weight 300 g) rats were administered 116082 (intraperitoneal injection) 60 min prior to the test. The number of animals tested at each doses was 6 to 8.

The data presented in FIG. 5 support the conclusion that 116082 did not induce a dose-dependent increase in time spent on the bar, thus suggesting that 116082 does not induce catalepsy in rats at doses ranging from 10 to 80 mg/kg. On the other hand, haloperidol induced a significant increase in time spent on the bar indicating that this compound induces catalepsy in rats at a dose of 0.8 mg/kg. The data thus support the conclusion that 116082 does not induce extra-pyramidal side effects in rats at a dose 8 times greater than the dose required to block 5HT2A receptors in vivo (i.e., see DOI example, supra).

Using the same dosing parameters and protocol, it was further determined that 116081 also did not produce a cataleptic response, under the criteria set forth above (n=10 per dose). Data not shown.

C. Oral Availability: 116081 and 116082

Based upon the in vivo data developed, oral bioavailability of compounds 110681 and 110682 was considered. The compounds were administered by oral gavage at a dose of 50 mg/kg, 30 min prior to DOI in rats (see Example 11A, supra). Animals were placed in the locomotor activity cages 10 min after DOI administration and activity was measured for 10 min. Results, presented in FIG. 6, provide total activity counts over the 10 min of exposure to the locomotor activity apparatus.

The data presented in FIG. 6 support the conclusion that oral administration of 116082 and 116081 at a dose of 50 mg/kg reversed DOI-induced motor dysfunction in rats. The data further support the conclusion that a 50 mg/kg dose of 116082 and 116081 administered orally was as efficacious as a 10 mg/kg dose of the same compounds administered intraperitoneally (FIGS. 3 and 4).

These data support the conclusion that 116082 and 116081 are orally active, with oral bioavailability greater or equal to 20%.

D. Antagonism of MK801-induced hyperlocomotion: a model of potential antipsychotic ("antipositive") activity

In rodents, the non-competitive NMDA receptor antagonist MK-801 induces significant increases in locomotor activity and stereotypy. Because part of the symptomatology of schizophrenia may be related to altered glutamate transmission at the NMDA receptor, the reversal of MK-801-induced hyperlocomotor activity in rodents has been used routinely as an animal model for detecting potential antipsychotic activity (O'Neill et al., Pharmacology Biochem. Behav., 63: 237-243, 1999). Thus, this test was used to determine potential antipsychotic properties of 116081 in vivo.

Motor activity was assessed using automated locomotor activity cages as described above (Example 11(A), supra.). Male Sprague-Dawley rats (250-350 g body weight) were administered test compounds (i.p.) and placed in the locomotor activity cages for 30 min of habituation. Following habituation, animals were administered MK-801 (0.5 μmol/kg=0.17 mg/kg, s.c.) and then immediately placed back into the locomotor activity cages, and activity was measured for 120 min. A reversal of MK-801-induced motor activity (as shown by a significant increase of ambulation) in rats is considered to be predictive of the ability of the test compound to reverse psychotic symptoms. Results are presented in FIG. 7.

Based upon the results presented in FIGS. 7A and 7B, 116081 appears to be equiefficacious to the atypical antipsychotic clozapine in reversing the motor activity induced by MK-801. The data, therefore, thus support the conclusion that AR116081 may have antipsychotic properties.

Example 12 Synthetic Approaches

The compounds disclosed in this invention may be readily prepared according to a variety of synthetic manipulations, all of which would be familiar to one skilled in the art. In the general syntheses set forth below, the labeled substituents have the same identifications as set out in the definitions of the compounds above.

Compounds of general formula (I) can be obtained via a variety of synthetic routes all of which would be familiar to one skilled in the art. The reaction of isocyanates with amines is a commonly practiced method for the formation of ureas (see Org. Syn. Coll. Vol. V, (1973), 555). Amine (IV), 3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazole-3-yl)phenylamine, commercially available from Maybridge Chemical Company, Catalog No. KM01978, CAS No. 175201-77-1] reacts readily with isocyanates (V) in inert solvents such as halocarbons to yield the desired ureas of general formula (I) wherein R1 =R2 =H: ##STR8##

Alternatively the amine (IV) can be converted to the corresponding isocyanate (VI) by the action of phosgene or a suitable phosgene equivalent, e.g. triphosgene, in an inert solvent such as a halocarbon in the presence of an organic base such as triethylamine or ethyldiisopropylamine. Isocyanate (VI) reacts with amines of general formula (VII), in an analogous fashion to that described above for the reaction of (IV) with (V), yielding the desired ureas of general formula (I) wherein R1 =H: ##STR9##

Alternatively wherein the isocyanate of general formula (V) is not commercially available it can be prepared from the corresponding amine of general formula (VIII) in an analogous procedure to that described above for the preparation of (VI). Reaction of these isocyanates with (IV) would again yield the requisite ureas of general formula (I) wherein R1 =R2 =H: ##STR10##

Amines of general formula (VII) are also readily converted to activated isocyanate equivalents of general formula (IX) by the sequential action of carbonyldiimidazole and methyl iodide in tetrahydrofuran and acetonitrile respectively (R. A. Batey et al, Tetrahedron Lett., (1998), 39, 6267-6270.) Reaction of (IX) with (IV) in an inert solvent such as a halocarbon would yield the requisite ureas of general formula (I) wherein R1 =H: ##STR11##

Amine (IV) may be monomethylated according to the procedure of J. Barluenga et al, J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., (1984), 20, 1334-1335, or alkylated according to the procedure of P. Marchini et al, J. Org. Chem., (1975), 40(23), 3453-3456, to yield compounds of general formula (X) wherein R1 =lower alkyl. These materials may be reacted as above with reagents of general formula (V) and (IX) as depicted below: ##STR12##

Compounds of formula (A) or a solvate or physiologically functional derivative thereof for use as a therapeutic agent, specifically as a modifier of the activity of the serotonin 5-HT2A receptor. Modifiers of the activity of the serotonin 5-HT2A receptor are believed to be of potential use for the treatment or prophylaxis of CNS, gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, and inflammatory disorders. Compounds of the formula (A) may be administered by oral, sublingual, parenteral, rectal, or topical administration. In addition to the neutral forms of compounds of formula (A) by appropriate addition of an ionizable substituent, which does not alter the receptor specificity of the compound, physiologically acceptable salts of the compounds may also be formed and used as therapeutic agents. Different amounts of the compounds of formula (A) will be required to achieve the desired biological effect. The amount will depend on factors such as the specific compound, the use for which it is intended, the means of administration, and the condition of the treated individual. A typical dose may be expected to fall in the range of 0.001 to 200 mg per kilogram of body weight of the treated individual. Unit does may contain from 1 to 200 mg of the compounds of formula (A) and may be administered one or more times a day, individually or in multiples. In the case of the salt or solvate of a compound of formulas (A), the dose is based on the cation (for salts) or the unsolvated compound.

Compositions, including, but not limited to, pharmaceutical compositions, comprising at least one compound of formula (A) and/or an acceptable salt or solvate thereof (e.g., a pharmaceutically acceptable salt or solvate) as an active ingredient combined with at least one carrier or excipient (e.g., pharmaceutical carrier or excipient). Pharmaceutical compositions may be used in the treatment of clinical conditions for which a modifier of the activity of the serotonin 5-HT2A receptor is indicated, particularly where the active ingredient is preferentially selective for the 5HT2A receptor over the 5HT2A receptor, and most particularly where the active ingredient is also an inverse agonist at the 5HT2A receptor. At least one compound of formula (A) may be combined with the carrier in either solid or liquid form in a unit dose formulation. The pharmaceutical carrier must be compatible with the other ingredients in the composition and must be tolerated by the individual recipient. Other physiologically active ingredients may be incorporated into the pharmaceutical composition of the invention if desired, and if such ingredients are compatible with the other ingredients in the composition. Formulations may be prepared by any suitable method, typically by uniformly mixing the active compound(s) with liquids or finely divided solid carriers, or both, in the required proportions, and then, if necessary, forming the resulting mixture into a desired shape.

Conventional excipients, such as binding agents, fillers, acceptable wetting agents, tabletting lubricants, and disintegrants may be used in tablets and capsules for oral administration. Liquid preparations for oral administration may be in the form of solutions, emulsions, aqueous or oily suspensions, and syrups. Alternatively, the oral preparations may be in the form of dry powder that can be reconstituted with water or another suitable liquid vehicle before use. Additional additives such as suspending or emulsifying agents, non-aqueous vehicles (including edible oils), preservatives, and flavorings and colorants may be added to the liquid preparations. Parenteral dosage forms may be prepared by dissolving the compound of the invention in a suitable liquid vehicle and filter sterilizing the solution before filling and sealing an appropriate vial or ampoule. These are just a few examples of the many appropriate methods well known in the art for preparing dosage forms.

The fifth aspect of the present invention provides for the use of a compound of formula (A) in the preparation of a medicament for the treatment of a medical condition for which a modifier of the activity of the serotonin 5-HT2A receptor is indicated.

Another aspect of the present invention provides for a method of treatment of a clinical condition of a mammal, such as a human, for which a modifier of the activity of the serotonin 5-HT2A receptor is indicated, which comprises the administration to the mammal of a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of formula (A) or a physiologically acceptable salt, solvate, or physiologically functional derivative thereof.

Example 13 Experimental Data

Mass spectra were recorded on a Micromass Platform™ LC with Gilson HPLC. Infra-red spectra were recorded on a Nicolet Avatar™ 360 FT-IR. Melting points were recorded on a Electrothermal IA9200™ apparatus and are uncorrected. Proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectra were recorded on a Bruker™ 300 MHz machine. Chemical shifts are given with respect to tetramethylsilane. In the text the following abbreviations are used; s (singlet), d (doublet), t (triplet), m (multiplet) or combinations thereof. Chemical shifts are quoted in parts per million (ppm) and with coupling constants in Hertz.

Thin layer chromatography was carried out using aluminium backed silica plates (250 μL; GF254). HPLC was recorded either on a HP Chemstation™ 1100 HPLC using a Hichrom 3.5 C18 reverse phase column (50 mm×2.1 mm i.d.). Linear gradient elution over 5 minutes--95% water (+0.1% TFA)/5% acetonitrile (+0.05% TFA) down to 5% water/95% acetonitrile. Flow rate 0.8 mL/min [Method A]; or on a Hichrom 3.5 C18 reverse phase column (100 mm×3.2 mm i.d.). Linear gradient elution over 11 minutes--95% water (+0.1% TFA)/5% acetonitrile (+0.05% TFA) down to 5% water/95% acetonitrile. Flow rate 1 mL/min [Method B]. Samples were routinely monitored at 254 nM unless otherwise stated.

All reagents were purchased from commercial sources.

Experiment 1 Preparation and Analysis of 103487 N-[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl][{(4-trifluoromethoxy)phenyl}amino]carboxamide

This compound is commercially available from Maybridge Chemical Company, Catalog No. KM04515.

One or the other (as indicated) of the two following synthetic protocols was used to generate each of the compounds below:

Protocol A:

To an isocyanate (1 mmol) in CH2 Cl2 (4 mL) was added dropwise a solution of 3-(3-aminophenyl)-4-bromo-1-methylpyrazole (1 mmol) in CH2 Cl2 (4 mL). The mixture was stirred for 16 hours and concentrated. Chromatography on flash silica (20%-80% EtOAc/hexane) followed by recrystallisation gave the pure urea.

Protocol B:

To a stirred solution of triphosgene (0.33 mmol) in CH2 Cl2 (4 mL) was added dropwise a solution of 3-(3-aminophenyl)-4-bromo-1-methylpyrazole (1 mmol) and triethylamine (2 mmol) in CH2 Cl2 (4 mL). After 1 hour, an aniline was added (1 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred for 16 hours and concentrated. Chromatography on flash silica (20%-80%EtOAc/hexane) followed by recrystallisation gave the pure urea.

Experiment 2 Preparation and Analysis of 116079 N-[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl][(4-methylthiophenyl)amino]carboxamide

[Protocol A]--4-(methylthio)phenyl isocyanate

colourless solid (EtOAc/hexane)

MS (ES+): m/z (%)=419 (M+H 81 Br, 100), 417 (M+H 79 Br, 94).

1 H-NMR (MeOH d4): δ=2.42 (3H, s, SCH3), 3.81 (3H, s, NCH3), 7.06 (1H, m, ArH), 7.22 (2H, m, ArH), 7.37 (2H, m, ArH), 7.42-7.61 (4H, m, ArH).

HPLC: retention time 3.35 min [Method A].

Experiment 3 Preparation and Analysis of 116081 N-[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl][(4-chlorophenyl)amino]carboxamid

[Protocol A]--4-chlorophenyl isocyanate

colourless solid (EtOAc/hexane)

MS (ES+): m/z (%)=409 (M+H 81 Br 37 Cl, 19), 407 (M+H 79 Br 37 Cl (81 Br 35 Cl), 100), 405 (M+H 79 Br 35 Cl, 81).

1 H-NMR (MeOH d4): δ=3.81 (3H, s, CH3), 7.07 (1H, m, ArH), 7.23 (2H, m, ArH), 7.36-7.60 (6H, m, ArH).

HPLC: retention time 3.42 min [Method A].

Experiment 4 Preparation and Analysis of 116082 {[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-(4-fluorophenyl)carboxamide

[Protocol A]--4-fluorophenyl isocyanate

colourless solid (EtOAc/hexane)

MS (ES+): m/z (%)=391 (M+H 81 Br, 96), 389 (M+H 79 Br, 100).

1 H-NMR (MeOH d4): δ=3.81 (3H, s, CH3), 6.93-7.11 (3H, m, ArH), 7.37-7.61 (6H, m, ArH).

HPLC: retention time 3.11 min.

Experiment 5 Preparation and Analysis of 116087 {[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-[2-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl]carboxamide

[Protocol A]--2-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl isocyanate

colourless solid (EtOAc/hexane)

MS (ES+): m/z (%)=457 (M+H 81 Br, 100), 455 (M+H 79 Br, 95).

1 H-NMR (DMSO d6): δ=3.79 (3H, s, CH3), 7.06-7.18 (2H, m, ArH), 7.38-7.49 (2H, m, ArH), 7.51-7.62 (2H, m, ArH), 7.65 (1H, m, ArH), 7.71 (1H, s, ArH), 8.24 (1H, dd, J=1.1, 8.2, ArH), 8.56 (1H, s, NH), 9.49 (1H, s, NH).

HPLC: retention time 3.40 min.

Experiment 6 Preparation and Analysis of 116089 {[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-(2-nitrophenyl)carboxamide

[Protocol A]--2-nitrophenyl isocyanate

yellow solid (EtOAc/hexane)

MS (ES+): m/z (%)=418 (M+H 81 Br, 98), 416 (M+H 79 Br, 100).

1 H-NMR (DMSO d6): δ=1 H-NMR (DMSO d6): =3.79 (3H, s, NCH3), 7.14 (1H, m, ArH), 7.24 (1H, m, ArH), 7.50 (1H, t, J=7.7, ArH), 7.60 (2H, m, ArH), 7.67 (1H, s, ArH), 7.71 (1H, s, ArH), 8.10 (1H, m, ArH), 8.29 (1H, m, ArH), 9.65 (1H, s, NH), 10.09 (1H, s, NH).

HPLC: retention time 3.10 min [Method A].

Experiment 7 Preparation and Analysis of 116091 {[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-(4-methoxyphenyl)carboxamide

[Protocol A]--4-methoxyphenyl isocyanate

colourless solid (EtOAc/hexane)

MS (ES+): m/z (%)=403 (M+H 81 Br, 100), 401 M+H 79 Br, 96).

1 H-NMR (DMSO d6): δ=3.71 (3H, s, OCH3), 3.79 (3H, s, NCH3), 6.87 (2H, d, J=8.9, ArH), 7.06 (1H, d, J=7.5, ArH), 7.39 (2H, d, J=8.9, ArH), 7.45-7.61 (3H, m, ArH), 7.65 (1H, s, ArH), 8.52 (1H, S, NH), 8.84 (1H, s, NH).

HPLC: retention time 3.08 min.

Experiment 8 Preparation and Analysis of 116092 {[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-(2-methylphenyl)carboxamide

[Protocol A]--o-tolyl isocyanate

colourless solid (EtOAc/hexane)

MS (ES+): m/z (%)=387 (M+H 81 Br, 94), 385 (M+H 79 Br, 100).

1 H-NMR (MeOH d4): δ=2.29 (3H, s, CH3), 3.81 (3H, s, NCH3), 7.03 (1H, dt, J=1.1, 7.5, ArH), 7.09 (1H, dt, J=1.1, 7.5, ArH), 7.13-7.22 (2H, m, ArH), 7.45 (1H, t, J=7.9, ArH), 7.49-7.57 (2H, m, ArH), 7.60-7.68 (2H, m, ArH).

HPLC: retention time 2.96 min.

Experiment 9 Preparation and Analysis of 116097 {[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-[4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carboxamide

[Protocol A]--4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl isocyanate

colourless solid (EtOAc/hexane)

MS (ES+): m/z (%)=441 (M+H 81 Br, 94), 439 (M+H 79 Br, 100).

1 H-NMR (MeOH d4): δ=3.82 (3H, s, CH3), 7.04-7.16 (3H, m, ArH), 7.20-7.47 (6H, m, ArH).

HPLC: retention time 3.56 min.

Experiment 10 Preparation and Analysis of 116105 {[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-(3-chlorophenyl)carboxamide

[Protocol A]--3-chlorophenyl isocyanate

colourless solid (EtOAc/hexane)

MS (ES+): m/z (%)=409 (M+H 81 Br 37 Cl, 26), 407 (M+H 79 Br 37 Cl (81 Br 35 Cl), 100), 405 (M+H 79 Br 35 Cl, 70).

1 H-NMR (MeOH d4): δ=3.81 (3H, s, NCH3), 7.04 (1H, m, ArH), 7.10 (1H, m, ArH), 7.28 (2H, m, ArH), 7.47 (1H, t, J=7.8, ArH), 7.55 (1H, m, ArH), 7.63 (1H, m, ArH), 7.68 (1H, s, ArH), 7.73 (1H, m, ArH), 9.04 (2H, s, NH).

HPLC: retention time 3.20 min [Method A].

Experiment 11 Preparation and Analysis of 116108 {[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-(2-chlorophenyl)carboxamide

[Protocol A]--2-chlorophenyl isocyanate

colourless solid (EtOAc/hexane)

MS (ES+): m/z (%)=409 (M+H 81 Br 37 Cl, 24), 407 (M+H 79 Br 37 Cl (81 Br 35 Cl), 100), 405 (M+H 79 Br 35 Cl, 72).

1 H-NMR (MeOH d4): δ=3.81 (3H, s, NCH3), 7.03 (1H, m, ArH), 7.11 (1H, m, ArH), 7.28 (1H, m, ArH), 7.35-7.53 (3H, m, ArH), 7.55 (1H, s, ArH), 7.62 (1H, m, ArH), 8.11 (1H, m, ArH).

HPLC: retention time 3.13 min.

Experiment 12 Preparation and Analysis of 116110 {[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-[4-(methylethyl)phenyl]carboxamide

[Protocol A]--4-isopropylphenyl isocyanate

colourless solid (THF/hexane)

MS (ES+): m/z (%)=415 (M+H 81 Br, 100), 413 (M+H 79 Br, 92).

1 H-NMR (MeOH d4): δ=1.23 (6H, d, J=6.8, 2×CH3), 2.86 (1H, septet, J=6.8, CH), 3.82 (3H, s, NCH3), 7.09 (1H, m, ArH), 7.16 (2H, d, J=7.6, ArH), 7.31 (2H, d, J=7.6, ArH), 7.42-7.51 (2H, m, ArH), 7.54 (1H, s, ArH), 7.59 (1H, m, ArH).

HPLC: retention time 3.66 min.

Experiment 13 Preparation and Analysis of 116111 {[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-(3-methoxyphenyl)carboxamide

[Protocol A]--3-methoxyphenyl isocyanate

colourless solid (EtOAc/hexane)

MS (ES+): m/z (%)=403 (M+H 81 Br, 100), 401 (M+H 79 Br, 96).

1 H-NMR (MeOH d4): δ=3.73 (3H, s, OCH3), 3.81 (3H, s, NCH3), 6.59 (1H, m, ArH), 6.91 (1H, m, ArH), 7.08 (1H, m, ArH), 7.14 (2H, m, ArH), 7.39-7.61 (4H, m, ArH).

HPLC: retention time 2.90 min.

Experiment 14 Preparation and Analysis of 116112 {[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-(3-methylphenyl)carboxamide

[Protocol A]--m-tolyl isocyanate

colourless solid (EtOAc/hexane)

MS (ES+): m/z (%)=387 (M+H 81 Br, 100), 385 (M+H 79 Br, 96).

1 H-NMR (DMSO d6): δ=2.26 (3H, s, CH3), 3.76 (3H, s, NCH3), 6.79 (1H, m, ArH), 7.06-7.22 (3H, m, ArH), 7.29 (1H, m, ArH), 7.43-7.62 (3H, m, ArH), 7.68 (1H, s, ArH), 8.65 (1H, s, NH), 8.89 (1H, s, NH).

HPLC: retention time 3.05 min [Method A].

Experiment 15 Preparation and Analysis of 116113 {[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-methyl-N-[4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl]carboxamide

[Protocol B]--N-methyl-4-(trifluoromethoxy)aniline

pale yellow solid (EtOAc/hexane)

MS (ES+): m/z (%)=471 (M+H 81 Br, 88), 469 (M+H 79 Br, 100).

1 H-NMR (MeOH d4): δ=3.35 (3H, s, NCH3), 3.81 (3H, s, NCH3), 7.09 (1H, m, ArH), 7.25-7.51 (8H, m, ArH).

HPLC: retention time 3.56 min [Method A].

Experiment 16 Preparation and Analysis of 116119 N-[4-(tert-butyl)phenyl]{[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}carboxamide

[Protocol B]--4-tert-butylaniline

colourless solid (EtOAc/hexane)

MS (ES+): m/z (%)=429 (M+H 81 Br, 98), 427 (M+H 79 Br, 100).

1 H-NMR (DMSO d6): δ=1.27 (9H, s, 3×CH3), 3.79 (3H, s, NCH3), 7.07 (1H, d, J=7.5, ArH), 7.29 (2H, d, J=8.7, ArH), 7.37 (2H, d, J=8.7, ArH), 7.45 (1H, t, J=7.5, ArH), 7.51-7.60 (2H, m, ArH), 7.66 (1H, s, ArH), 8.65 (1H, s, NH), 8.83 (1H, s, NH).

HPLC: retention time 3.77 min.

Experiment 17 Preparation and Analysis of 116122 N-[4-(dimethylamino)phenyl]{[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}carboxamide

[Protocol B]--N,N-dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine

colourless solid (EtOAc/hexane)

MS (ES+): m/z (%)=416 (M+H 81 Br, 96), 414 (M+H 79 Br, 100).

1 H-NMR (DMSO d6): δ=2.86 (6H, s, NCH3), 3.80 (3H, s, NCH3), 6.80 (2H, m, ArH), 7.09 (1H, d, J=7.7, ArH), 7.28 (2H, m, ArH), 7.42 (1H, t, J=7.8, ArH), 7.52 (1H, m, ArH), 7.59 (1H, s, ArH), 7.67 (1H, s, ArH), 8.45 (1H, s, NH), 8.75 (1H, s, NH).

HPLC: retention time 2.07 min [Method A].

Experiment 18 Preparation and Analysis of 116138 N-(3,5-dichloro-4-methylphenyl){[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}carboxamide

[Protocol B]--3,5-dichloro-4-methylphenylamine

colourless solid (EtOAc/hexane)

MS (ES+): m/z (%)=457 (M+H, 35), 455 (M+H, 100), 453 (M+H, 65).

1 H-NMR (DMSO d6): δ=2.32 (3H, s, CH3), 3.79 (3H, s, NCH3), 7.11 (1H, d, J=7.4, ArH), 7.46 (1H, t, J=7.8, ArH), 7.50-7.64 (4H, m, ArH), 7.68 (1H, s, ArH), 9.02 (1H, s, NH), 9.09 (1H, s, NH).

HPLC: retention time 3.66 min.

Experiment 19 Preparation and Analysis of 116139 {[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-[4-(trifluoromethylthio)phenyl]carboxamide

[Protocol B]--4-(trifluoromethylthio)aniline

colourless solid (EtOAc/hexane)

MS (ES+): m/z (%)=473 (M+H 81 Br, 100), 471 (M+H 79 Br, 94).

1 H-NMR (DMSO d6): δ=3.81 (3H, s, NCH3), 7.11 (1H, d, J=7.5, ArH), 7.47 (1H, t, J=7.9, ArH), 7.51-7.63 (6H, m, ArH), 7.66 (1H, s, ArH), 9.03 (1H, s, NH), 9.16 (1H, s, NH).

HPLC: retention time 3.76 min.

Experiment 20 Preparation and Analysis of 116141 {[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-(cyclohexyl)carboxamide

[Protocol B]--cyclohexylamine

colourless solid, m.p. 155.5-156.3° C. (EtOAc/hexane).

MS (ES+): m/z (%)=379 (M+H 81 Br, 93), 377 (M+H 79 Br, 100).

1 H-NMR (DMSO d6): δ=1.07-1.34 (5H, m, 5×CH), 1.52 (1H, m, CH), 1.63 (2H, m, 2×CH), 1.76 (2H, m, 2×CH), 3.48 (1H, m, NCH), 3.74 (3H, s, CH3), 6.15 (1H, d, J=7.8, ArH), 6.98 (1H, d, J=7.5, ArH), 7.32-7.43 (2H, m, ArH), 7.51 (1H, m, NH), 7.62 (1H, s, ArH), 8.50 (1H, s, NH).

HPLC: retention time 3.16 min [Method A].

TLC: retention factor 0.35 (50% EtOAc/hexane).

Experiment 21 Preparation and Analysis of 116143 {[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-(phenylmethyl)carboxamide

[Protocol B]--benzylamine

colourless solid, m.p. 144.5-146.2° C. (EtOAc/hexane).

IR: max =1622, 1565, 1467, 1374, 1239, 973, 802, 752, 695 cm-1.

MS (ES+): m/z (%)=387 (M+H 81 Br, 89), 385 (M+H 79 Br, 100).

1 H-NMR (CD3 OD): δ=3.81 (3H, s, CH3), 4.40 (2H, s, CH2), 7.05 (1H, m, ArH), 7.19-7.51 (9H, m, ArH).

HPLC: retention time 3.06 min [Method A].a

Experiment 22 Preparation and Analysis of 116144 {[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-(2-fluorophenyl)carboxamide

[Protocol A]--2-fluorophenyl isocyanate

colourless solid (DCM/hexane)

MS (ES+): m/z (%)=391 (M+H 81 Br, 100), 389 (M+H 79 Br, 90).

1 H-NMR (MeOH d4): δ=3.79 (3H, s, NCH3), 7.00-7.11 (4H, m, ArH), 7.40-7.56 (3H, m, ArH), 7.61 (1H, m, ArH), 8.09 (1H, m, ArH).

HPLC: retention time 3.01 min.

Experiment 23 Preparation and Analysis of 116145 2-({[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}carbonylamino)benzamide

[Protocol B]--2-aminobenzamide

colourless solid (EtOAc/hexane)

MS (ES+): m/z (%)=399 (M+H--17 81 Br, 100), 397 (M+H--17 79 Br, 94).

1 H-NMR (DMSO d6): δ=3.79 (3H, s, NCH3), 6.93-7.10 (2H, m, ArH), 7.45 (2H, t, J=7.8, ArH), 7.59-7.72 (5H, m, ArH), 8.22 (2H, m), 9.92 (1H, s, NH), 10.69 (1H, s, NH).

HPLC: retention time 2.88 min.

Experiment 24 Preparation and Analysis of 116147 {[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-(4-cyanophenyl)carboxamide

[Protocol B]--4-aminobenzonitrile

colourless solid (EtOAc/hexane)

MS (ES+): m/z (%)=398 (M+H 81 Br, 100), 396 (M+H 79 Br, 96).

1 H-NMR (MeOH d4): δ=3.81 (3H, s, NCH3), 7.12 (1H, m, ArH), 7.46-7.57 (3H, m, ArH), 7.62-7.69 (5H, m, ArH).

HPLC: retention time 3.12 min.

Experiment 25 Preparation and Analysis of 116148 {[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-(2-cyanophenyl)carboxamide

[Protocol B]--2-aminobenzonitrile

colourless solid (EtOAc/hexane)

MS (ES+): m/z (%)=398 (M+H 81 Br, 95), 396 (M+H 79 Br, 100).

1 H-NMR (CDCl3): δ=3.79 (3H, s, CH3), 7.13-7.28 (2H, m, ArH), 7.49 (1H, t, J=7.8, ArH), 7.57 (1H, m, ArH), 7.62 (1H, m, ArH), 7.65-7.71 (2H, m, ArH), 7.78 (1H, m, ArH), 8.07 (1H, d, J=8.6, ArH), 8.83 (1H, s, NH), 9.62 (1H, s, NH).

HPLC: retention time 3.05 min [Method A].

Experiment 26 Preparation and Analysis of 116182 {[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-(4-fluorophenylmethyl)carboxamide

[Protocol B]--4-fluorobenzylamine

colourless solid, m.p. 185.5-186.6° C. (EtOAc/hexane).

MS (ES+): m/z (%)=405 (M+H 81 Br, 97), 403 (M+H 79 Br, 100).

1 H-NMR (DMSO d6): δ=3.75 (3H, s, CH3), 4.28 (2H, d, J=6.0, CH2), 6.73 (1H, t, J=5.9, NH), 7.01 (1H, d, J=7.5, ArH), 7.10-7.18 (2H, m, ArH), 7.27-7.41 (4H, m, ArH), 7.56 (1H, s, ArH), 7.62 (1H, s, ArH), 8.82 (1H, s, NH).

HPLC: retention time 3.10 min [Method A].

TLC: retention factor 0.25 (50% EtOAc/hexane).

Experiment 27 Preparation and Analysis of 116183 {[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-(3,4-dimethoxyphenylmethyl)carboxamide

[Protocol B]--3,4-dimethoxybenzylamine

colourless solid, m.p. 174.9-175.5° C. (EtOAc/hexane).

MS (CI+): m/z (%)=447 (M+H 81 Br, 100), 445 (M+H 79 Br, 92).

1 H-NMR (DMSO d6): δ=3.71 (3H, s, CH3), 3.73 (3H, s, CH3), 3.76 (3H, s, CH3), 4.22 (2H, d, J=5.8, CH2), 6.62 (1H, t, J=5.7, NH), 6.80 (1H, m, ArH), 6.89 (2H, m, ArH), 6.98 (1H, m, ArH), 7.36-7.51 (3H, m, ArH), 7.63 (1H, s, ArH), 8.76 (1H, s, NH).

HPLC: retention time 2.86 min [Method A].

TLC: retention factor 0.20 (50% EtOAc/hexane).

Experiment 28 Preparation and Analysis of 116184 {[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylmethyl)carboxamide

[Protocol B]--3,4,5-trimethoxybenzylamine

colourless solid (EtOAc/hexane).

MS (CI+): m/z (%)=477 (M+H 81 Br, 100), 475 (M+H 79 Br, 95).

1 H-NMR (DMSO d6): δ=3.63 (3H, s, OCH3), 3.75 (9H, s, 3×CH3), 4.21 (1H, d, J=5.9, CH2), 6.61 (2H, s, ArH), 6.65 (1H, t, J=5.9, NH), 6.99 (1H, m, ArH), 7.40 (1H, t, J=7.7, ArH), 7.45 (1H, m, ArH), 7.56 (1H, m, ArH), 7.64 (1H, s, ArH), 8.77 (1H, s, NH).

HPLC: retention time 5.91 min [Method B].

TLC: retention factor 0.50 (50% EtOAc/hexane).

Experiment 29 Preparation and Analysis of 116185 {[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-(2-methylphenylmethyl)carboxamide

[Protocol B]--2-methylbenzylamine

colourless solid (EtOAc/hexane).

MS (CI+): m/z (%)=401 (M+H 81 Br, 96), 399 (M+H 79 Br, 100).

1 H-NMR (DMSO d6): δ=2.28 (3H, s, CH3), 3.76 (3H, s, NCH3), 4.28 (1H, d, J=5.8, CH2), 6.60 (1H, t, J=5.8, NH), 7.01 (1H, m, ArH), 7.15 (3H, m, ArH), 7.24 (1H, m, ArH), 7.38-7.50 (2H, m, ArH), 7.57 (1H, m, ArH), 7.65 (1H, s, ArH), 8.77 (1H, s, NH).

HPLC: retention time 2.74 min [Method A].

TLC: retention factor 0.20 (50% EtOAc/hexane).

Experiment 30 Preparation and Analysis of 116189 {[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-(4-methoxyphenylmethyl)carboxamide

[Protocol B]--4-methoxybenzylamine

colourless solid (EtOAc/hexane).

MS (CI+): m/z (%)=417 (M+H 81 Br, 94), 415 (M+H 79 Br, 100).

1 H-NMR (DMSO d6): δ=3.72 (3H, s, CH3), 3.77 (3H, s, NCH3), 4.22 (1H, d, J=5.9, CH2), 6.62 (1H, t, J=5.9, NH), 6.90 (2H, d, J=8.8, ArH), 7.00 (1H, m, ArH), 7.23 (2H, d, J=8.8, ArH), 7.39 (1H, t, J=7.8, ArH), 7.43 (1H, m, ArH), 7.56 (1H, m, ArH), 7.64 (1H, s, ArH), 8.73 (1H, s, NH).

HPLC: retention time 6.41 min [Method B].

TLC: retention factor 0.25 (50% EtOAc/hexane).

Experiment 31 Preparation and Analysis of 116194 {[3-(4-bromo-1-methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenyl]amino}-N-[2-(4-methoxy)phenylethyl]carboxamide

[Protocol B]--2-(4-methoxyphenyl)ethylamine

colourless solid (EtOAc/hexane).

MS (ES+): m/z (%)=431 (M+H 81 Br, 95), 429 (M+H 79 Br, 100).

1 H-NMR (DMSO d6): δ=2.68 (2H, t, J=7.1, CH2), 3.31 (2H, m, CH2), 3.71 (3H, s, CH3), 3.77 (3H, s, CH3), 6.16 (1H, t, J=5.8, NH), 6.87 (2H, d, J=8.6, ArH), 6.99 (1H, dt, J=1.4, 7.3, ArH), 7.16 (2H, d, J=8.6, ArH), 7.33-7.48 (2H, m, ArH), 7.52 (1H, m, ArH), 7.63 (1H, s, ArH), 8.71 (1H, s, NH).

HPLC: retention time 6.62 min [Method B].

An important point that can be derived from the foregoing data is that by using a constitutively activated form of the receptor in the direct identification of candidate compounds, the selectivity of the compounds is exceptional: as those in the art appreciate, the homology between the human 5HT2A and 5HT2C receptors is about 95%, and even with such homology, certain of the directly identified compounds, e.g., 116081 and 116082 evidence a 100-fold difference in selectivity preference (as measured by IC50 values) for the 5HT2A receptor compared with the 5HT2C receptor. This is important for pharmaceutical compositions in that such selectivity can help to reduce side-effects associated with interaction of a drug with a non-target receptor.

Different embodiments of the invention will consist of different constitutively activated receptors, different expression systems, different assays, and different compounds. Those skilled in the art will understand which receptors to use with which expression systems and assay methods. All are considered within the scope of the teaching of this invention. In addition, those skilled in the art will recognize that various modifications, additions, substitutions, and variations to the illustrative examples set forth herein can be made without departing from the spirit of the invention and are, therefore, considered within the scope of the invention. All documents referenced above, including, but not limited to, provisional and regular patent applications, are fully incorporated herein by reference.

__________________________________________________________________________#             SEQUENCE LISTING   - -  - - (1) GENERAL INFORMATION:   - -    (iii) NUMBER OF SEQUENCES: 27   - -  - - (2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:1:   - -      (i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:       (A) LENGTH: 28 base - #pairs       (B) TYPE: nucleic acid       (C) STRANDEDNESS: single       (D) TOPOLOGY: linear   - -     (ii) MOLECULE TYPE: DNA (genomic)   - -     (iv) ANTI-SENSE: NO   - -     (xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:1:   - - GACCTCGAGG TTGCTTAAGA CTGAAGCA         - #                  - #    28  - -  - - (2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:2:  - -      (i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:      (A) LENGTH: 28 base - #pairs      (B) TYPE: nucleic acid      (C) STRANDEDNESS: single      (D) TOPOLOGY: linear  - -     (ii) MOLECULE TYPE: DNA (genomic)  - -     (iv) ANTI-SENSE: YES  - -     (xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:2:  - - ATTTCTAGAC ATATGTAGCT TGTACCGT         - #                  - #   28  - -  - - (2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:3:  - -      (i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:      (A) LENGTH: 50 base - #pairs      (B) TYPE: nucleic acid      (C) STRANDEDNESS: single      (D) TOPOLOGY: linear  - -     (ii) MOLECULE TYPE: DNA (genomic)  - -     (iv) ANTI-SENSE: NO  - -     (xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:3:  - - CTAGGGGCAC CATGCAGGCT ATCAACAATG AAAGAAAAGC TAAGAAAGTC  - #50  - -  - - (2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:4:  - -      (i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:      (A) LENGTH: 50 base - #pairs      (B) TYPE: nucleic acid      (C) STRANDEDNESS: single      (D) TOPOLOGY: linear  - -     (ii) MOLECULE TYPE: DNA (genomic)  - -     (iv) ANTI-SENSE: YES  - -     (xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:4:  - - CAAGGACTTT CTTAGCTTTT CTTTCATTGT TGATAGCCTG CATGGTGCCC  - #50  - -  - - (2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:5:  - -      (i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:      (A) LENGTH: 26 base - #pairs      (B) TYPE: nucleic acid      (C) STRANDEDNESS: single      (D) TOPOLOGY: linear  - -     (ii) MOLECULE TYPE: DNA (genomic)  - -     (iv) ANTI-SENSE: NO  - -     (xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:5:  - - GACCTCGAGT CCTTCTACAC CTCATC          - #                  - #   26  - -  - - (2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:6:  - -      (i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:      (A) LENGTH: 30 base - #pairs      (B) TYPE: nucleic acid      (C) STRANDEDNESS: single      (D) TOPOLOGY: linear  - -     (ii) MOLECULE TYPE: DNA (genomic)  - -     (iv) ANTI-SENSE: YES  - -     (xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:6:  - - TGCTCTAGAT TCCAGATAGG TGAAAACTTG         - #                  - #   30  - -  - - (2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:7:  - -      (i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:      (A) LENGTH: 31 base - #pairs      (B) TYPE: nucleic acid      (C) STRANDEDNESS: single      (D) TOPOLOGY: linear  - -     (ii) MOLECULE TYPE: DNA (genomic)  - -     (iv) ANTI-SENSE: YES  - -     (xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:7:  - - CAAAGAAAGT ACTGGGCATC GTCTTCTTCC T        - #                  - #   31  - -  - - (2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:8:  - -      (i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:      (A) LENGTH: 31 base - #pairs      (B) TYPE: nucleic acid      (C) STRANDEDNESS: single      (D) TOPOLOGY: linear  - -     (ii) MOLECULE TYPE: DNA (genomic)  - -     (iv) ANTI-SENSE: NO  - -     (xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:8:  - - CCGCTCGAGT ACTGCGCCGA CAAGCTTTGA T        - #                  - #   31  - -  - - (2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:9:  - -      (i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:      (A) LENGTH: 38 base - #pairs      (B) TYPE: nucleic acid      (C) STRANDEDNESS: single      (D) TOPOLOGY: linear  - -     (ii) MOLECULE TYPE: DNA (genomic)  - -     (iv) ANTI-SENSE: YES  - -     (xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:9:  - - CGATGCCCAG CACTTTCGAA GCTTTTCTTT CATTGTTG      - #- #     38  - -  - - (2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:10:  - -      (i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:      (A) LENGTH: 36 base - #pairs      (B) TYPE: nucleic acid      (C) STRANDEDNESS: single      (D) TOPOLOGY: linear  - -     (ii) MOLECULE TYPE: DNA (genomic)  - -     (iv) ANTI-SENSE: NO  - -     (xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:10:  - - AAAAGCTTCG AAAGTGCTGG GCATCGTCTT CTTCCT      - #                  -#       36  - -  - - (2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:11:  - -      (i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:      (A) LENGTH: 30 base - #pairs      (B) TYPE: nucleic acid      (C) STRANDEDNESS: single      (D) TOPOLOGY: linear  - -     (ii) MOLECULE TYPE: DNA (genomic)  - -     (iv) ANTI-SENSE: YES  - -     (xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:11:  - - TGCTCTAGAT TCCAGATAGG TGAAAACTTG         - #                  - #   30  - -  - - (2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:12:  - -      (i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:      (A) LENGTH: 19 base - #pairs      (B) TYPE: nucleic acid      (C) STRANDEDNESS: single      (D) TOPOLOGY: linear  - -     (ii) MOLECULE TYPE: DNA (genomic)  - -     (iv) ANTI-SENSE: NO  - -     (xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:12:  - - CGTGTCTCTC CTTACTTCA             - #                  - #  - # 19  - -  - - (2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:13:  - -      (i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:      (A) LENGTH: 36 base - #pairs      (B) TYPE: nucleic acid      (C) STRANDEDNESS: single      (D) TOPOLOGY: linear  - -     (ii) MOLECULE TYPE: DNA (genomic)  - -     (iv) ANTI-SENSE: YES  - -     (xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:13:  - - TCGGCGCAGT ACTTTGATAG TTAGAAAGTA GGTGAT      - #                  -#       36  - -  - - (2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:14:  - -      (i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:      (A) LENGTH: 38 base - #pairs      (B) TYPE: nucleic acid      (C) STRANDEDNESS: single      (D) TOPOLOGY: linear  - -     (ii) MOLECULE TYPE: DNA (genomic)  - -     (iv) ANTI-SENSE: NO  - -     (xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:14:  - - TTCTAACTAT CAAAGTACTG CGCCGACAAG CTTTGATG      - #- #     38  - -  - - (2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:15:  - -      (i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:      (A) LENGTH: 43 base - #pairs      (B) TYPE: nucleic acid      (C) STRANDEDNESS: single      (D) TOPOLOGY: linear  - -     (ii) MOLECULE TYPE: DNA (genomic)  - -     (iv) ANTI-SENSE: NO  - -     (xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:15:  - - TTCAGCAGTC AACCCACTAG TCTATACTCT GTTCAACAAA ATT    - #    - # 43  - -  - - (2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:16:  - -      (i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:      (A) LENGTH: 28 base - #pairs      (B) TYPE: nucleic acid      (C) STRANDEDNESS: single      (D) TOPOLOGY: linear  - -     (ii) MOLECULE TYPE: DNA (genomic)  - -     (iv) ANTI-SENSE: YES  - -     (xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:16:  - - ATTTCTAGAC ATATGTAGCT TGTACCGT         - #                  - #   28  - -  - - (2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:17:  - -      (i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:      (A) LENGTH: 19 base - #pairs      (B) TYPE: nucleic acid      (C) STRANDEDNESS: single      (D) TOPOLOGY: linear  - -     (ii) MOLECULE TYPE: DNA (genomic)  - -     (iv) ANTI-SENSE: NO  - -     (xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:17:  - - ATCACCTACT TTCTAACTA             - #                  - #  - # 19  - -  - - (2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:18:  - -      (i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:      (A) LENGTH: 33 base - #pairs      (B) TYPE: nucleic acid      (C) STRANDEDNESS: single      (D) TOPOLOGY: linear  - -     (ii) MOLECULE TYPE: DNA (genomic)  - -     (iv) ANTI-SENSE: YES  - -     (xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:18:  - - CCATAATCGT CAGGGGAATG AAAAATGACA CAA       - #                  - #   33  - -  - - (2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:19:  - -      (i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:      (A) LENGTH: 33 base - #pairs      (B) TYPE: nucleic acid      (C) STRANDEDNESS: single      (D) TOPOLOGY: linear  - -     (ii) MOLECULE TYPE: DNA (genomic)  - -     (iv) ANTI-SENSE: NO  - -     (xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:19:  - - ATTTTTCATT CCCCTGACGA TTATGGTGAT TAC       - #                  - #   33  - -  - - (2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:20:  - -      (i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:      (A) LENGTH: 33 base - #pairs      (B) TYPE: nucleic acid      (C) STRANDEDNESS: single      (D) TOPOLOGY: linear  - -     (ii) MOLECULE TYPE: DNA (genomic)  - -     (iv) ANTI-SENSE: YES  - -     (xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:20:  - - TGATGAAGAA AGGGCACCAC ATGATCAGAA ACA       - #                  - #   33  - -  - - (2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:21:  - -      (i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:      (A) LENGTH: 33 base - #pairs      (B) TYPE: nucleic acid      (C) STRANDEDNESS: single      (D) TOPOLOGY: linear  - -     (ii) MOLECULE TYPE: DNA (genomic)  - -     (iv) ANTI-SENSE: NO  - -     (xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:21:  - - GATCATGTGG TGCCCTTTCT TCATCACAAA CAT       - #                  - #   33  - -  - - (2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:22:  - -      (i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:      (A) LENGTH: 1377 base - #pairs      (B) TYPE: nucleic acid      (C) STRANDEDNESS: single      (D) TOPOLOGY: linear  - -     (ii) MOLECULE TYPE: DNA (genomic)  - -     (xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:22:  - - ATGGTGAACC TGAGGAATGC GGTGCATTCA TTCCTTGTGC ACCTAATTGG CC -#TATTGGTT     60   - - TGGCAATGTG ATATTTCTGT GAGCCCAGTA GCAGCTATAG TAACTGACAT TT -#TCAATACC    120   - - TCCGATGGTG GACGCTTCAA ATTCCCAGAC GGGGTACAAA ACTGGCCAGC AC -#TTTCAATC    180   - - GTCATCATAA TAATCATGAC AATAGGTGGC AACATCCTTG TGATCATGGC AG -#TAAGCATG    240   - - GAAAAGAAAC TGCACAATGC CACCAATTAC TTCTTAATGT CCCTAGCCAT TG -#CTGATATG    300   - - CTAGTGGGAC TACTTGTCAT GCCCCTGTCT CTCCTGGCAA TCCTTTATGA TT -#ATGTCTGG    360   - - CCACTACCTA GATATTTGTG CCCCGTCTGG ATTTCTTTAG ATGTTTTATT TT -#CAACAGCG    420   - - TCCATCATGC ACCTCTGCGC TATATCGCTG GATCGGTATG TAGCAATACG TA -#ATCCTATT    480   - - GAGCATAGCC GTTTCAATTC GCGGACTAAG GCCATCATGA AGATTGCTAT TG -#TTTGGGCA    540   - - ATTTCTATAG GTGTATCAGT TCCTATCCCT GTGATTGGAC TGAGGGACGA AG -#AAAAGGTG    600   - - TTCGTGAACA ACACGACGTG CGTGCTCAAC GACCCAAATT TCGTTCTTAT TG -#GGTCCTTC    660   - - GTAGCTTTCT TCATACCGCT GACGATTATG GTGATTACGT ATTGCCTGAC CA -#TCTACGTT    720   - - CTGCGCCGAC AAGCTTTGAT GTTACTGCAC GGCCACACCG AGGAACCGCC TG -#GACTAAGT    780   - - CTGGATTTCC TGAAGTGCTG CAAGAGGAAT ACGGCCGAGG AAGAGAACTC TG -#CAAACCCT    840   - - AACCAAGACC AGAACGCACG CCGAAGAAAG AAGAAGGAGA GACGTCCTAG GG -#GCACCATG    900   - - CAGGCTATCA ACAATGAAAG AAAAGCTAAG AAAGTCCTTG GGATTGTTTT CT -#TTGTGTTT    960   - - CTGATCATGT GGTGCCCATT TTTCATTACC AATATTCTGT CTGTTCTTTG TG -#AGAAGTCC   1020   - - TGTAACCAAA AGCTCATGGA AAAGCTTCTG AATGTGTTTG TTTGGATTGG CT -#ATGTTTGT   1080   - - TCAGGAATCA ATCCTCTGGT GTATACTCTG TTCAACAAAA TTTACCGAAG GG -#CATTCTCC   1140   - - AACTATTTGC GTTGCAATTA TAAGGTAGAG AAAAAGCCTC CTGTCAGGCA GA -#TTCCAAGA   1200   - - GTTGCCGCCA CTGCTTTGTC TGGGAGGGAG CTTAATGTTA ACATTTATCG GC -#ATACCAAT   1260   - - GAACCGGTGA TCGAGAAAGC CAGTGACAAT GAGCCCGGTA TAGAGATGCA AG -#TTGAGAAT   1320   - - TTAGAGTTAC CAGTAAATCC CTCCAGTGTG GTTAGCGAAA GGATTAGCAG TG - #TGTGA1377  - -  - - (2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:23:  - -      (i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:      (A) LENGTH: 458 amino - #acids      (B) TYPE: amino acid      (C) STRANDEDNESS:      (D) TOPOLOGY: Not Relev - #ant  - -     (ii) MOLECULE TYPE: protein  - -     (xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:23:  - - Met Val Asn Leu Arg Asn Ala Val His Ser Ph - #e Leu Val His Leu Ile 1               5   - #                10  - #                15  - - Gly Leu Leu Val Trp Gln Cys Asp Ile Ser Va - #l Ser Pro Val Ala Ala        20      - #            25      - #            30  - - Ile Val Thr Asp Ile Phe Asn Thr Ser Asp Gl - #y Gly Arg Phe Lys Phe    35          - #        40          - #        45  - - Pro Asp Gly Val Gln Asn Trp Pro Ala Leu Se - #r Ile Val Ile Ile Ile50              - #    55              - #    60  - - Ile Met Thr Ile Gly Gly Asn Ile Leu Val Il - #e Met Ala Val Ser Met 65                  - #70                  - #75                  - #80  - - Glu Lys Lys Leu His Asn Ala Thr Asn Tyr Ph - #e Leu Met Ser Leu Ala            85  - #                90  - #                95  - - Ile Ala Asp Met Leu Val Gly Leu Leu Val Me - #t Pro Leu Ser Leu Leu        100      - #           105      - #           110  - - Ala Ile Leu Tyr Asp Tyr Val Trp Pro Leu Pr - #o Arg Tyr Leu Cys Pro    115          - #       120          - #       125  - - Val Trp Ile Ser Leu Asp Val Leu Phe Ser Th - #r Ala Ser Ile Met His130              - #   135              - #   140  - - Leu Cys Ala Ile Ser Leu Asp Arg Tyr Val Al - #a Ile Arg Asn Pro Ile 145                 1 - #50                 1 - #55                 1 -#60   - - Glu His Ser Arg Phe Asn Ser Arg Thr Lys Al - #a Ile Met Lys IleAla             165  - #               170  - #               175  - - Ile Val Trp Ala Ile Ser Ile Gly Val Ser Va - #l Pro Ile Pro Val Ile        180      - #           185      - #           190  - - Gly Leu Arg Asp Glu Glu Lys Val Phe Val As - #n Asn Thr Thr Cys Val    195          - #       200          - #       205  - - Leu Asn Asp Pro Asn Phe Val Leu Ile Gly Se - #r Phe Val Ala Phe Phe210              - #   215              - #   220  - - Ile Pro Leu Thr Ile Met Val Ile Thr Tyr Cy - #s Leu Thr Ile Tyr Val 225                 2 - #30                 2 - #35                 2 -#40   - - Leu Arg Arg Gln Ala Leu Met Leu Leu His Gl - #y His Thr Glu GluPro             245  - #               250  - #               255  - - Pro Gly Leu Ser Leu Asp Phe Leu Lys Cys Cy - #s Lys Arg Asn Thr Ala        260      - #           265      - #           270  - - Glu Glu Glu Asn Ser Ala Asn Pro Asn Gln As - #p Gln Asn Ala Arg Arg    275          - #       280          - #       285  - - Arg Lys Lys Lys Glu Arg Arg Pro Arg Gly Th - #r Met Gln Ala Ile Asn290              - #   295              - #   300  - - Asn Glu Arg Lys Ala Lys Lys Val Leu Gly Il - #e Val Phe Phe Val Phe 305                 3 - #10                 3 - #15                 3 -#20   - - Leu Ile Met Trp Cys Pro Phe Phe Ile Thr As - #n Ile Leu Ser ValLeu             325  - #               330  - #               335  - - Cys Glu Lys Ser Cys Asn Gln Lys Leu Met Gl - #u Lys Leu Leu Asn Val        340      - #           345      - #           350  - - Phe Val Trp Ile Gly Tyr Val Cys Ser Gly Il - #e Asn Pro Leu Val Tyr    355          - #       360          - #       365  - - Thr Leu Phe Asn Lys Ile Tyr Arg Arg Ala Ph - #e Ser Asn Tyr Leu Arg370              - #   375              - #   380  - - Cys Asn Tyr Lys Val Glu Lys Lys Pro Pro Va - #l Arg Gln Ile Pro Arg 385                 3 - #90                 3 - #95                 4 -#00   - - Val Ala Ala Thr Ala Leu Ser Gly Arg Glu Le - #u Asn Val Asn IleTyr             405  - #               410  - #               415  - - Arg His Thr Asn Glu Pro Val Ile Glu Lys Al - #a Ser Asp Asn Glu Pro        420      - #           425      - #           430  - - Gly Ile Glu Met Gln Val Glu Asn Leu Glu Le - #u Pro Val Asn Pro Ser    435          - #       440          - #       445  - - Ser Val Val Ser Glu Arg Ile Ser Ser Val450              - #   455  - -  - - (2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:24:  - -      (i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:      (A) LENGTH: 1437 base - #pairs      (B) TYPE: nucleic acid      (C) STRANDEDNESS: single      (D) TOPOLOGY: linear  - -     (ii) MOLECULE TYPE: DNA (genomic)  - -     (xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:24:  - - ATGGATATTC TTTGTGAAGA AAATACTTCT TTGAGCTCAA CTACGAACTC CC -#TAATGCAA     60   - - TTAAATGATG ACAACAGGCT CTACAGTAAT GACTTTAACT CCGGAGAAGC TA -#ACACTTCT    120   - - GATGCATTTA ACTGGACAGT CGACTCTGAA AATCGAACCA ACCTTTCCTG TG -#AAGGGTGC    180   - - CTCTCACCGT CGTGTCTCTC CTTACTTCAT CTCCAGGAAA AAAACTGGTC TG -#CTTTACTG    240   - - ACAGCCGTAG TGATTATTCT AACTATTGCT GGAAACATAC TCGTCATCAT GG -#CAGTGTCC    300   - - CTAGAGAAAA AGCTGCAGAA TGCCACCAAC TATTTCCTGA TGTCACTTGC CA -#TAGCTGAT    360   - - ATGCTGCTGG GTTTCCTTGT CATGCCCGTG TCCATGTTAA CCATCCTGTA TG -#GGTACCGG    420   - - TGGCCTCTGC CGAGCAAGCT TTGTGCAGTC TGGATTTACC TGGACGTGCT CT -#TCTCCACG    480   - - GCCTCCATCA TGCACCTCTG CGCCATCTCG CTGGACCGCT ACGTCGCCAT CC -#AGAATCCC    540   - - ATCCACCACA GCCGCTTCAA CTCCAGAACT AAGGCATTTC TGAAAATCAT TG -#CTGTTTGG    600   - - ACCATATCAG TAGGTATATC CATGCCAATA CCAGTCTTTG GGCTACAGGA CG -#ATTCGAAG    660   - - GTCTTTAAGG AGGGGAGTTG CTTACTCGCC GATGATAACT TTGTCCTGAT CG -#GCTCTTTT    720   - - GTGTCATTTT TCATTCCCTT AACCATCATG GTGATCACCT ACTTTCTAAC TA -#TCAAGGTT    780   - - CTGCGCCGAC AAGCTTTGAT GTTACTGCAC GGCCACACCG AGGAACCGCC TG -#GACTAAGT    840   - - CTGGATTTCC TGAAGTGCTG CAAGAGGAAT ACGGCCGAGG AAGAGAACTC TG -#CAAACCCT    900   - - AACCAAGACC AGAACGCACG CCGAAGAAAG AAGAAGGAGA GACGTCCTAG GG -#GCACCATG    960   - - CAGGCTATCA ACAATGAAAG AAAAGCTTCG AAGGTACTGG GCATCGTCTT CT -#TCCTGTTT   1020   - - GTGGTGATGT GGTGCCCTTT CTTCATCACA AACATCATGG CCGTCATCTG CA -#AAGAGTCC   1080   - - TGCAATGAGG ATGTCATTGG GGCCCTGCTC AATGTGTTTG TTTGGATCGG TT -#ATCTCTCT   1140   - - TCAGCAGTCA ACCCACTAGT CTATACTCTG TTCAACAAAA TTTACCGAAG GG -#CATTCTCC   1200   - - AACTATTTGC GTTGCAATTA TAAGGTAGAG AAAAAGCCTC CTGTCAGGCA GA -#TTCCAAGA   1260   - - GTTGCCGCCA CTGCTTTGTC TGGGAGGGAG CTTAATGTTA ACATTTATCG GC -#ATACCAAT   1320   - - GAACCGGTGA TCGAGAAAGC CAGTGACAAT GAGCCCGGTA TAGAGATGCA AG -#TTGAGAAT   1380   - - TTAGAGTTAC CAGTAAATCC CTCCAGTGTG GTTAGCGAAA GGATTAGCAG TG - #TGTGA1437  - -  - - (2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:25:  - -      (i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:      (A) LENGTH: 478 amino - #acids      (B) TYPE: amino acid      (C) STRANDEDNESS:      (D) TOPOLOGY: Not Relev - #ant  - -     (ii) MOLECULE TYPE: protein  - -     (xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:25:  - - Met Asp Ile Leu Cys Glu Glu Asn Thr Ser Le - #u Ser Ser Thr Thr Asn 1               5   - #                10  - #                15  - - Ser Leu Met Gln Leu Asn Asp Asp Asn Arg Le - #u Tyr Ser Asn Asp Phe        20      - #            25      - #            30  - - Asn Ser Gly Glu Ala Asn Thr Ser Asp Ala Ph - #e Asn Trp Thr Val Asp    35          - #        40          - #        45  - - Ser Glu Asn Arg Thr Asn Leu Ser Cys Glu Gl - #y Cys Leu Ser Pro Ser50              - #    55              - #    60  - - Cys Leu Ser Leu Leu His Leu Gln Glu Lys As - #n Trp Ser Ala Leu Leu 65                  - #70                  - #75                  - #80  - - Thr Ala Val Val Ile Ile Leu Thr Ile Ala Gl - #y Asn Ile Leu Val Ile            85  - #                90  - #                95  - - Met Ala Val Ser Leu Glu Lys Lys Leu Gln As - #n Ala Thr Asn Tyr Phe        100      - #           105      - #           110  - - Leu Met Ser Leu Ala Ile Ala Asp Met Leu Le - #u Gly Phe Leu Val Met    115          - #       120          - #       125  - - Pro Val Ser Met Leu Thr Ile Leu Tyr Gly Ty - #r Arg Trp Pro Leu Pro130              - #   135              - #   140  - - Ser Lys Leu Cys Ala Val Trp Ile Tyr Leu As - #p Val Leu Phe Ser Thr 145                 1 - #50                 1 - #55                 1 -#60   - - Ala Ser Ile Met His Leu Cys Ala Ile Ser Le - #u Asp Arg Tyr ValAla             165  - #               170  - #               175  - - Ile Gln Asn Pro Ile His His Ser Arg Phe As - #n Ser Arg Thr Lys Ala        180      - #           185      - #           190  - - Phe Leu Lys Ile Ile Ala Val Trp Thr Ile Se - #r Val Gly Ile Ser Met    195          - #       200          - #       205  - - Pro Ile Pro Val Phe Gly Leu Gln Asp Asp Se - #r Lys Val Phe Lys Glu210              - #   215              - #   220  - - Gly Ser Cys Leu Leu Ala Asp Asp Asn Phe Va - #l Leu Ile Gly Ser Phe 225                 2 - #30                 2 - #35                 2 -#40   - - Val Ser Phe Phe Ile Pro Leu Thr Ile Met Va - #l Ile Thr Tyr PheLeu             245  - #               250  - #               255  - - Thr Ile Lys Val Leu Arg Arg Gln Ala Leu Me - #t Leu Leu His Gly His        260      - #           265      - #           270  - - Thr Glu Glu Pro Pro Gly Leu Ser Leu Asp Ph - #e Leu Lys Cys Cys Lys    275          - #       280          - #       285  - - Arg Asn Thr Ala Glu Glu Glu Asn Ser Ala As - #n Pro Asn Gln Asp Gln290              - #   295              - #   300  - - Asn Ala Arg Arg Arg Lys Lys Lys Glu Arg Ar - #g Pro Arg Gly Thr Met 305                 3 - #10                 3 - #15                 3 -#20   - - Gln Ala Ile Asn Asn Glu Arg Lys Ala Ser Ly - #s Val Leu Gly IleVal             325  - #               330  - #               335  - - Phe Phe Leu Phe Val Val Met Trp Cys Pro Ph - #e Phe Ile Thr Asn Ile        340      - #           345      - #           350  - - Met Ala Val Ile Cys Lys Glu Ser Cys Asn Gl - #u Asp Val Ile Gly Ala    355          - #       360          - #       365  - - Leu Leu Asn Val Phe Val Trp Ile Gly Tyr Le - #u Ser Ser Ala Val Asn370              - #   375              - #   380  - - Pro Leu Val Tyr Thr Leu Phe Asn Lys Ile Ty - #r Arg Arg Ala Phe Ser 385                 3 - #90                 3 - #95                 4 -#00   - - Asn Tyr Leu Arg Cys Asn Tyr Lys Val Glu Ly - #s Lys Pro Pro ValArg             405  - #               410  - #               415  - - Gln Ile Pro Arg Val Ala Ala Thr Ala Leu Se - #r Gly Arg Glu Leu Asn        420      - #           425      - #           430  - - Val Asn Ile Tyr Arg His Thr Asn Glu Pro Va - #l Ile Glu Lys Ala Ser    435          - #       440          - #       445  - - Asp Asn Glu Pro Gly Ile Glu Met Gln Val Gl - #u Asn Leu Glu Leu Pro450              - #   455              - #   460  - - Val Asn Pro Ser Ser Val Val Ser Glu Arg Il - #e Ser Ser Val 465                 4 - #70                 4 - #75  - -  - - (2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:26:  - -      (i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:      (A) LENGTH: 1437 base - #pairs      (B) TYPE: nucleic acid      (C) STRANDEDNESS: single      (D) TOPOLOGY: linear  - -     (ii) MOLECULE TYPE: DNA (genomic)  - -     (xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:26:  - - ATGGATATTC TTTGTGAAGA AAATACTTCT TTGAGCTCAA CTACGAACTC CC -#TAATGCAA     60   - - TTAAATGATG ACAACAGGCT CTACAGTAAT GACTTTAACT CCGGAGAAGC TA -#ACACTTCT    120   - - GATGCATTTA ACTGGACAGT CGACTCTGAA AATCGAACCA ACCTTTCCTG TG -#AAGGGTGC    180   - - CTCTCACCGT CGTGTCTCTC CTTACTTCAT CTCCAGGAAA AAAACTGGTC TG -#CTTTACTG    240   - - ACAGCCGTAG TGATTATTCT AACTATTGCT GGAAACATAC TCGTCATCAT GG -#CAGTGTCC    300   - - CTAGAGAAAA AGCTGCAGAA TGCCACCAAC TATTTCCTGA TGTCACTTGC CA -#TAGCTGAT    360   - - ATGCTGCTGG GTTTCCTTGT CATGCCCGTG TCCATGTTAA CCATCCTGTA TG -#GGTACCGG    420   - - TGGCCTCTGC CGAGCAAGCT TTGTGCAGTC TGGATTTACC TGGACGTGCT CT -#TCTCCACG    480   - - GCCTCCATCA TGCACCTCTG CGCCATCTCG CTGGACCGCT ACGTCGCCAT CC -#AGAATCCC    540   - - ATCCACCACA GCCGCTTCAA CTCCAGAACT AAGGCATTTC TGAAAATCAT TG -#CTGTTTGG    600   - - ACCATATCAG TAGGTATATC CATGCCAATA CCAGTCTTTG GGCTACAGGA CG -#ATTCGAAG    660   - - GTCTTTAAGG AGGGGAGTTG CTTACTCGCC GATGATAACT TTGTCCTGAT CG -#GCTCTTTT    720   - - GTGTCATTTT TCATTCCCCT GACGATTATG GTGATTACGT ATTGCCTGAC CA -#TCTACGTT    780   - - CTGCGCCGAC AAGCTTTGAT GTTACTGCAC GGCCACACCG AGGAACCGCC TG -#GACTAAGT    840   - - CTGGATTTCC TGAAGTGCTG CAAGAGGAAT ACGGCCGAGG AAGAGAACTC TG -#CAAACCCT    900   - - AACCAAGACC AGAACGCACG CCGAAGAAAG AAGAAGGAGA GACGTCCTAG GG -#GCACCATG    960   - - CAGGCTATCA ACAATGAAAG AAAAGCTAAG AAAGTCCTTG GGATTGTTTT CT -#TTGTGTTT   1020   - - CTGATCATGT GGTGCCCTTT CTTCATCACA AACATCATGG CCGTCATCTG CA -#AAGAGTCC   1080   - - TGCAATGAGG ATGTCATTGG GGCCCTGCTC AATGTGTTTG TTTGGATCGG TT -#ATCTCTCT   1140   - - TCAGCAGTCA ACCCACTAGT CTATACTCTG TTCAACAAAA TTTACCGAAG GG -#CATTCTCC   1200   - - AACTATTTGC GTTGCAATTA TAAGGTAGAG AAAAAGCCTC CTGTCAGGCA GA -#TTCCAAGA   1260   - - GTTGCCGCCA CTGCTTTGTC TGGGAGGGAG CTTAATGTTA ACATTTATCG GC -#ATACCAAT   1320   - - GAACCGGTGA TCGAGAAAGC CAGTGACAAT GAGCCCGGTA TAGAGATGCA AG -#TTGAGAAT   1380   - - TTAGAGTTAC CAGTAAATCC CTCCAGTGTG GTTAGCGAAA GGATTAGCAG TG - #TGTGA1437  - -  - - (2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:27:  - -      (i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:      (A) LENGTH: 478 amino - #acids      (B) TYPE: amino acid      (C) STRANDEDNESS:      (D) TOPOLOGY: Not Relev - #ant  - -     (ii) MOLECULE TYPE: protein  - -     (xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:27:  - - Met Asp Ile Leu Cys Glu Glu Asn Thr Ser Le - #u Ser Ser Thr Thr Asn 1               5   - #                10  - #                15  - - Ser Leu Met Gln Leu Asn Asp Asp Asn Arg Le - #u Tyr Ser Asn Asp Phe        20      - #            25      - #            30  - - Asn Ser Gly Glu Ala Asn Thr Ser Asp Ala Ph - #e Asn Trp Thr Val Asp    35          - #        40          - #        45  - - Ser Glu Asn Arg Thr Asn Leu Ser Cys Glu Gl - #y Cys Leu Ser Pro Ser50              - #    55              - #    60  - - Cys Leu Ser Leu Leu His Leu Gln Glu Lys As - #n Trp Ser Ala Leu Leu 65                  - #70                  - #75                  - #80  - - Thr Ala Val Val Ile Ile Leu Thr Ile Ala Gl - #y Asn Ile Leu Val Ile            85  - #                90  - #                95  - - Met Ala Val Ser Leu Glu Lys Lys Leu Gln As - #n Ala Thr Asn Tyr Phe        100      - #           105      - #           110  - - Leu Met Ser Leu Ala Ile Ala Asp Met Leu Le - #u Gly Phe Leu Val Met    115          - #       120          - #       125  - - Pro Val Ser Met Leu Thr Ile Leu Tyr Gly Ty - #r Arg Trp Pro Leu Pro130              - #   135              - #   140  - - Ser Lys Leu Cys Ala Val Trp Ile Tyr Leu As - #p Val Leu Phe Ser Thr 145                 1 - #50                 1 - #55                 1 -#60   - - Ala Ser Ile Met His Leu Cys Ala Ile Ser Le - #u Asp Arg Tyr ValAla             165  - #               170  - #               175  - - Ile Gln Asn Pro Ile His His Ser Arg Phe As - #n Ser Arg Thr Lys Ala        180      - #           185      - #           190  - - Phe Leu Lys Ile Ile Ala Val Trp Thr Ile Se - #r Val Gly Ile Ser Met    195          - #       200          - #       205  - - Pro Ile Pro Val Phe Gly Leu Gln Asp Asp Se - #r Lys Val Phe Lys Glu210              - #   215              - #   220  - - Gly Ser Cys Leu Leu Ala Asp Asp Asn Phe Va - #l Leu Ile Gly Ser Phe 225                 2 - #30                 2 - #35                 2 -#40   - - Val Ser Phe Phe Ile Pro Leu Thr Ile Met Va - #l Ile Thr Tyr CysLeu             245  - #               250  - #               255  - - Thr Ile Tyr Val Leu Arg Arg Gln Ala Leu Me - #t Leu Leu His Gly His        260      - #           265      - #           270  - - Thr Glu Glu Pro Pro Gly Leu Ser Leu Asp Ph - #e Leu Lys Cys Cys Lys    275          - #       280          - #       285  - - Arg Asn Thr Ala Glu Glu Glu Asn Ser Ala As - #n Pro Asn Gln Asp Gln290              - #   295              - #   300  - - Asn Ala Arg Arg Arg Lys Lys Lys Glu Arg Ar - #g Pro Arg Gly Thr Met 305                 3 - #10                 3 - #15                 3 -#20   - - Gln Ala Ile Asn Asn Glu Arg Lys Ala Lys Ly - #s Val Leu Gly IleVal             325  - #               330  - #               335  - - Phe Phe Val Phe Leu Ile Met Trp Cys Pro Ph - #e Phe Ile Thr Asn Ile        340      - #           345      - #           350  - - Met Ala Val Ile Cys Lys Glu Ser Cys Asn Gl - #u Asp Val Ile Gly Ala    355          - #       360          - #       365  - - Leu Leu Asn Val Phe Val Trp Ile Gly Tyr Le - #u Ser Ser Ala Val Asn370              - #   375              - #   380  - - Pro Leu Val Tyr Thr Leu Phe Asn Lys Ile Ty - #r Arg Arg Ala Phe Ser 385                 3 - #90                 3 - #95                 4 -#00   - - Asn Tyr Leu Arg Cys Asn Tyr Lys Val Glu Ly - #s Lys Pro Pro ValArg             405  - #               410  - #               415  - - Gln Ile Pro Arg Val Ala Ala Thr Ala Leu Se - #r Gly Arg Glu Leu Asn        420      - #           425      - #           430  - - Val Asn Ile Tyr Arg His Thr Asn Glu Pro Va - #l Ile Glu Lys Ala Ser    435          - #       440          - #       445  - - Asp Asn Glu Pro Gly Ile Glu Met Gln Val Gl - #u Asn Leu Glu Leu Pro450              - #   455              - #   460  - - Val Asn Pro Ser Ser Val Val Ser Glu Arg Il - #e Ser Ser Val 465                 4 - #70                 4 - #75__________________________________________________________________________
Patent Citations
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Classifications
U.S. Classification514/406, 548/375.1, 548/377.1
International ClassificationC07D, C07D409/12, A61P25/00, C07K14/705, C07D231/12, C07D231/16
Cooperative ClassificationC07D231/12, C07D231/16, C07D409/12, C07K14/70571
European ClassificationC07D231/16, C07K14/705K, C07D231/12, C07D409/12
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