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Publication numberUS616468 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 27, 1898
Filing dateMay 7, 1898
Publication numberUS 616468 A, US 616468A, US-A-616468, US616468 A, US616468A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Wave-motor
US 616468 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

No. 6|6,468. Patented Dec. 27, |898. S. H. JONES.

WAVE MOTOR.

(Application filed Hay 7, 1898.)

N n M o de I i- .3 Sheets-Sheet I.

INVENTORI @MUL H. JN.,

No. 6|6,468. Patented Dec. 27, |898. S. H. JONES.

WAVE MOTOR.

(Application ed May 7, 1598.\

3 Sheets-Sheet 2.

(No Model.)

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J ATTRNEY No. 616,468. Patented Dec. 27, |898.

' S. H. JUNES.

WAVE MOTUR.

(Apphuation led may 7, 1898.

(No Model.)

3 Sheets-Sheet 3.

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ATTOR EY me www. man co, Pwoaumo., v/Aenmmomm. c

lUNirnn Srarns Arnim tries,

SAMUEL II. JONES, OF NEVARK, llElV JERSEY.

WAVE-MOTOR'.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 616,468, dated December 2'7, 1898.

Application iiled May 7, 1898. Serial No. 680,015. (No model.)

To all wtfmt 'it llt/.ty concern:

Beit known that I, SAMUEL Il. JONES, a citizen or" the United States, residing at Newark, in the county of Essex and State of New Jersey, .have invented certain new and useful Improvements in fave-Motors; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to letters and numerals of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.

My present invention relates to improvements in wave-motors set forth in my previous application filed February l,lS9S,Serial No. 668,732, and is in the nature more particularly oi' a novel arrangement of mechanism for rendering the wave-motor more even in its action by counteraeting the increase or diminution in wave altitude and wave velocity and also to diminish the storm-waves to a safe size.

My present invention therefore has for its principal object to improve the general construction of wave-motors with a view of providin g a mechanism for counteracting the increase or decrease in wave altitude or velocity by moving the air pump or pumps nearer to or farther away from the center of the are along which the iioat of the apparatus moves, according as the waves are higher or lower than the average in ordinary weather, the increase or decrease in the size of the waves being automatically indicated to the operator or watchman, who can then actuate the meehanism for moving the pump or pumps farther away from or closer to the point of support of the arm with which the float is connected.

A further object of this invention is to pro- -vide in connection with wave-motors a suitable means for quelling dangerous stormwaves by the use of a net spread beneath the surface of the ocean, and also to provide in connection therewith an arrangement of ropes and blocks so that in mild weather the net may be removed to any height desired above the surface of the water, but when a storni is threatened it can be mechanically lowered to a point so far beneath the surface of the ocean that the wave action will not be interfered with. .Vhen, however, `iewavcs reach a dangerous height, the net is raised in a hori- Zonta-l position to a height as near the surface of the water as is necessary to suiliciently modify the wave action, this diminution of the wave action being the more marked as the net is brought nearer to the surface at which its subduing power is the greatest.

Other objects of this invention will be evident from the accompanying description of the several arrangements and combinations of the mechanism comprising my present invention.

My invention therefore consists in the novel construction of apparatus to be hereinafter fully described and in the general arrangements and combinations of the several mechanism, as well as in the details of the construction of the several parts of mechanism, all of which are to be described more in detail in the accompanying specification and then Vtinally embodied in the clauses of the claim.

The invention is clearly illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure l is a side elevation of the wave-motor embodying the principles of my invention, and Fig. 2 is an end view of the same. Fig.

3 is a vertical section of a portion of one ofY the piers or piles and a movable collar or sleeve thereon, illustrating' one means of rotatively connecting the iioat therewith; and Fig. 4 is a horizontal section of the same,taken on line c in Eig. 3. Fig. is aside elevation of a motor containing a mechanical governor and an electrical contact-making device for operating an alarm mechanism, and Fig. 6 is a plan or top view of the said parts represented in lfig. 5. Fig. 7 is a plan View of a portion of a net for diminishing the wave action, illustrating in connection therewith in horizontal section one arrangement of piers or piles to which the net is attached, and also indicating in dotted outline the position of the float and pier with which it is connected. Fig. S is a side view of the net and piers and a means for raising and lowering the net.

Similar letters and numerals of reference are employed in all of the above-described views to indicate corresponding parts.

In said drawings, A indicates a suit-able IOO platform, bridge, or the like, supported, more particularly as indicated in Figs. l, 7, and 8, upon the piers or piles a, one of said piers or piles being indicated by the reference-letter a, and forming an essential part of the apparatus for collecting and storing the wavepower. Each pier or pile may be provided with a suitable anchor, as CL2, whereby it is firmly planted in the bottom of the sea at the desired point and at a suitable distance from the shore. As will be seen from Fig. 3, the pile or pier a has ixed thereto a suitable collar (LX. Resting upon ballbearings b on said collar and rotatably arranged thereon is a long sleeve a3, which is provided with an external screw-thread a4 and has a gear portion a5, the top of which can be actuated by a worm a'on a shaft a6, in the manner of this construction set forth in mylapplication for Letters Patent, Serial No. 668,732, and for the purposes more fully set forth therein. Upon this screwthread a4 of the sleeve t3 I have placed a second sleeve c, having an internal screw-thread in engagement with the screwthread d4, said sleeve c having a reciprocatory, but non-rotative motion on the said sleeve a3, owing to the arrangement of a bar c', which tits in a longitudinal slot c2 in said sleeve c, which is much longer than said sleeve and is secured at its ends by means of screws or bolts c3 to the pier or pile a. It will thus be clearly evident that while the sleeve d3 is capable of a rotary motion on the pier or pile a' said bar c will prevent a similar motion of the sleeve c; but the latter will be capable of an upward or downward motion on the screwthread a4 of the sleeve a3. At the bottom said sleeve c has a bearing portion c4, provided with antifriction balls or rollers c5. Rotatively arranged on the said balls or rollers and on the sleeve o, but incapable of a reciprocatory motion thereon, is a third sleeve c6. The lower end of said sleeve is preferably made cup-shaped, as at c?, and has attached thereto a suitable apron or covering cS to protect the several parts of the bearing from contact with the sea-water. A

As clearly illustrated in Fig. l, immovably secured to the opposite sides of the outer sleeve c6 by means of bolts, pins, or rivets d2 are arms t7 and (7', arranged in pairs, the upper pair of arms CZ being somewhat shorter than the lower pair of arms d and being oonnected by the inclined side pieces C73, substantially as illustrated. Suitable bracingrods C74 may also be employed connecting the arms (7 and C7', whereby these several parts form a rigidly-constructed frame. Pivotally secured to suitable studs or pins o9, projecting from the opposite sides of the sleeve c, are a pair of downwardly-extending arms or connecting-bars e and e', the lower ends of which are provided with perforated anges e2, which are secured by means of the bolts or screws e3 to a suitable float e4, as clearly illustrated in said Figs. l and; but of course it will be clearly evident that l may use any other suitably-constructed oat, to which can be secured a iiexible connection or rope attached to the bridge or platform Ain the manner and for the purposes set forth in my previous application, Serial No. 668,732. Suitably secured between the said arms or bars e and e' are a pair of screw-threaded bearings e5 and e6 and rotatively arranged in said bearings is a screw-threaded rod e7, while between the two frame-pieces C73 are arranged a second pair of screw-threaded bearings d5 and d6, with a screw-threaded rod C77 rotatively arranged in said bearings d5 and d6. A pair of bearings ds and C79 are also secured between said pair of arms d, and a rod C710 is rotatively arranged in the said bearings d? and C79. Said rods d10 and C77 are operatively connected by the miter or bevel gears d11 and C712, and on the opposite end of the rod d10 is another bevelgear dls.

In a suitable standard g, secured upon the bridge or platform A and in bearing portions g and g2in said standard, is a vertical rod or shaft 71 which is provided at the top with a hand-wheel 71 and near the bottom with a ratchet-wheel h2 and dog h3 of the ordinary and wellknown construction. Connected with the lower end of said rod or shaft 7L by means of an ordinary universal joint h4 is a second rod h5, which is hollow or tubular, as indicated at h6 in dotted outline in said Fig. l. Slidably arranged in said socketed part h6 of the rod 71,5 is a rod 7L?, and hS is another rod which is connected with the lower end of the rod 72T by means of a universal joint 71,. On the rod 718 is a bevel or miter gear h1", which is in operative mesh with the gear C715 of the rod C710. Connected with the lower end of the rod he by means of a universal joint, 72.1i is a rod 7112, which is hollow or tubular, as at IOC 71,13, and has a short rod 7L, slidably arranged in its socketed portion his. Said rod 71,14 is connected with the upper free end of the screw-threaded rod c7 by means of a universal joint e8, all of which is clearly indicated in dotted outline in said Fig. l. It will thus be seen that when the hand-wheel 7L is turned in either direction, provided the ratchet-dog h3 has been disengaged from the ratchetwheel 7b2, the several rods h, h5, 728, and 7L14 will cause the rotation of the screw-rod c7 in its bearings e5 and es, and also that of the rods d10 and C77 in their respective bearings, which are secured between the arms c7 and the frame-pieces d3, as will be clearly evident. lOf course it will be understood that the socketed portions of the rods h5 and 77.12 are of necessity provided with grooves and the rods 7L7 and 7L14 have the usual forms ofY ribs arranged in said grooves, or the several rods may be square in cross-section, whereby the several parts are slidably and operatively connected to cause the rotation of said rods or shafts e7, d1, and d? when the hand-Wheel 7L' is turned.

The sliding arrangement of the rod 71.14 in the rod 7f3 is necessary on account of the piv- IIO otal motion of the connecting-bars e and e', and also the sliding arrangement of the rod Zt? in the rod h5 is necessary on account of the upward and downward movements of the several frame portions (Z, CZ, and (Z3 when the sleeve c6 moves up or down on the pier or pile a.

Movably arranged on the screw-rods e7 and (Z7 are certain screw-threaded collars f and f', respectively, the collar f having a slidef2, provided with the giiicle-iangesf3,wliich embrace and slide on the upper edges of the arms or bars c and e', and the collar f', having a slide f4, provided with the guide-flanges f5, which embrace and slide on the upper edges of the said frame -pieces d3. The said slide f2 has a perforated lug or lugsf, and the said slide f4 is likewise provided with a perforated lug or lugsf, and pivotally arranged between said ears or lugs]E5 and f6 is an air-com pressing pump F. Said pump is preferably of a compound construction, comprising three communicating cylinders, the piston-rods f7 of which are all connected at the bottom with a cross-bar f8, which is pivotally connected with a pin or bolt in the perforated lug-or lugs f5. The top. cover ff of said pump F is likewise pivotally connected with the lug or lugs f6, and it will thus be evident that the pump is operatively arranged in its position between the arms or bars e and e and the frame-pieces d3. The air-inlets to and the air-outlets from the pump for forcing the compressed air through a duct or pipej to an air receiver or tank] on the bridge or platform A are similar in construction to those described in my former application for Letters Patent, Serial No. 668,732, and therefore will not be described in detail here. Thus it will be evident that as the float e* rises and falls with the motion of the sea the said bars or arms e and e will cause a reciprocatory motion of the piston-rodsf7, and hence of the several pistons of the compound pump,which,' owing to its pivotal arrangement, easily accommodates itself to the varying positions of the arms or bars e and e', and the air will be pumped into the air-receiverj, from which it can be withdrawn through a pipe jz for other uses.

Under ordinary conditions of the wave actions the pump F is in about the position indicated in said Fig. l; but in case of very high waves, as during a storm, it is desirable that the stroke of the pistons of the pumps shall be shortened, and the operator, therefore, by turning the wheel Zi' on the shaft Zi, and in consequence turning the screw-rods eT and CZT, can bring the pump F to the dotted position in said Fig. l to a point where the action of the pivoted arms or bars e and e' is not so great as at a point farther away from the pivoted support of said arms or bars, and the danger of rendering the pump inoperative is thereby successfully overcome. On the other hand,when the sea has calmed and the waves are lower the hand-wheel h is turned in the opposite directiomwhereby the rotary motions of the screw-rods e7 and Z7 are reversed and the pump again brought to its former position, so that the reciprocatory movements of the piston-rods f7 and the pistons thereon will conform to the pivotal action of the arms or bars e and e', with the best results obtainable. b

The increase or decrease in the sizes of the waves is indicated to the operator by a snitable alarm mechanism. This mechanism con-.

of a pair of standards t2 and 3, which are snitably secured on the base t" of the casing t', and a pair of shafts Z4 and t5, rotatively arranged in the respective bearings of the standard ft2 and On the shaft Z4 is secured a toothed wheel i6 and a loosely arranged ratchetwheel Z7, which is operatively connected with the shaft Z4 by a spiral spring s of the proper strength and power. The backward movement of the ratchet-wheel 7 on the shaft Z4 is prevented by a spring-actuated dog i9, which is in constant engagement with the ratchetteeth of said wheel i7. To operate the ratchetwheel i7, a rack Z is provided, which is pivotally connected with a screw-threaded sleeve Z', adjustably arranged on the threaded end Z2 of an arm Z3 of a bell-crank, which is also pivotally secured to the base t", as clearly illustrated in Fig. 5. Connected with an arm Z4 of said bell-crank by means of a pivotal pin Z5 is a connecting-rod m., which has its lower end pivotally secured on a pin or bolt on the hinged float arm or bar e. It will thus be evident that as the float arm or bar c rises and falls said rod fm, and the bell-crank connection will cause a reciprocatory motion of the rack Z, which during its forward movements will actuate the ratchet-wheel i7, and hence cause an intermittent rotary motion of the same. From an inspection of said Fig. 5 it will be evident that by means of the arrangement of the spiral spring Z8, which, as hereinbefore mentioned, operatively connects the ratchet-wheel 7 with the shaft Z4 and the toothed Wheel t6 thereon, the intermittent rotary motion of the ratchet-wheel 917 will be converted into a continuous rotary motion of the toothed wheel Z6. The said wheelt'6 meshes with a toothed wheel 7110 on the shaft i5, whereby said shaft is driven and operates a pair of miter-gearst'l1 on the shaft Z5 and a similar gear fn on the vertical shaft n, containing any one of the usual forms of ball-governors 12,2. Then the waves are high and follow in ICO rapid succession, the motor I will work with greater speed, whereby when the balls of the governor n2 spread an arm o, pivotally connected with the standard of the governor, will become actuated to cause a contact-plate o' on said arm 0 to make an electrical contact at p of a post p, thereby establishing a complete electrical circuit through the wires 1 and 2 to an alarm or indicator, which indicates the increased wave motion. The operator thus having been notified operates the wheel h' to move the pump near the post or pier a in the manner and for the purposes previouslyT described. As the speed of the motor and its governor decreases the arm o will be caused to move in the opposite direction until a contact-plate o2 on said arm is brought against an electrical contact p3 on a post p2, thereby establishing a complete circuit through the wires 3 and 4 to a second indicator or alarm, and the operator is informed of the fact that the wave motion is diminished. He thereupon turns the hand-wheel in the opposite direction to move the pump farther away from the post or pier a.

In Figs. 7 and S I have illustrated one arrangement of the piers or piles a, and a and a horizontal net r, which is spread beneath the surface of the ocean to quell the dangerous storm-waves. Said net is attached to rings r' on the said piers or piles, which have rollers Ir2 in order that there shall be no binding action of said rings r when the net is raised or lowered by means of the Winches r3 and the ropes 'f5 and blocks 0'* in themanner illustrated more particularly in Fig. 8. I prefer to employ two Winches, over the drums of which there passes an endless connection r6, to which 'the ends of the ropes T5 are suitably connected,

and when either winch is Worked the net o* can be raised or lowered for the purposes previously stated in thebeginning of this specification.

I am aware that many changes may be made in the several arrangements and combinations of the mechanism herein set forth, as well as in the details of the construction thereof, wit-hout departing from the scope of my present invention. IIence I do not limit my invention to the exact arrangements and combinations of the mechanism as described in the previous specification and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, nor to the exact details of the construction of any of the parts thereof.

Having thus described myinvention, what I claim is- 1. In a wave-power-storing apparatus, the combination, with a pier or pile, of a iioat hinged to said pier or pile, a support ou said pier, and a series of air-compressing pumps mounted in said support, and in multiple with each other, whereby one pump forces air into the next pump, and said pumps having pistonrods operatively connected with said float, and mechanism for moving said pumps nearer or farther away from the center of support of the float, substantially as and for the pui*- poses set forth.

2. In a wave-power-storing apparatus, the combination, with a pier or pile, of a float hinged to said pier or pile, and having a lateral swimming motion, a laterally-movable support on said pier and an air-compressing pump mounted in said support, said pump having its piston-rod operatively connected with said float, and mechanism formoving said pump nearer or farther away from the center of support of the float, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

3. In a wave-power-storing apparatus, the

combination, with a pier or pile, of a float hinged to said pier or pile, and having a lateral swimming motion, a laterally-movable support on said pier or pile and a series of air-compressing pumps mounted in said support, and in multiple with each other, whereby one pump forces air into the next pump, and said pumps having piston-rods operatively connected with said ioat, and mechanism for moving said pumps nearer or farther away from the center of support of the float, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

4. In a wave-power-storing apparatus, the

combination, with a pier or pile and a rotatable collar or sleeve on said pier or pile, of a float hinged to said sleeve, a support xed to said sleeve and an air-compressing pump mounted in said support, said pump having its piston-rod operatively connected with said fioat, and mechanism for moving said pump nearer or farther away from the center of support of the float, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

5. In a wave-power-storing apparatus, the combination, with a pier or pile and a rotatable collar or sleeve on said pier or pile, of a float hinged to said sleeve, a support fixed to said sleeve, and a series of air-compressing pumps mounted in said support and in multiple with each other, whereby one pump forces air into the next pump, and said pumps having piston rods operatively connected with said float, and mechanism for moving said pumps nearer or farther away from the center of support of the iioat, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

6. In a wave-power-storing apparatus, the combination, with a pier or pile, and a rotatable and vertically-movable sleeve or collar on said pier or pile, of a float hinged to said sleeve, a support fixed to said sleeve, and an air-compressing pump mounted in said support, said pump having its piston-rod operatively connected with said float, and mech- IOO IIO

anism for moving said pump Ynearer or farther away from the center of support of the float, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

7. In a wave-power-storing apparatus, the combination, with a pier or pile and a rotatable and vertically-movable sleeve or collar.

on said pier, of a iioat hinged to said sleeve, a support fixed to said sleeve, and a series of air-compressing pumps mounted in said support, and in multiple with each other,whereby one pump forces air into the next pump, said pumps having piston-rods operatively connected with said float, and mechanism for moving said pumps nearer or farther away from the center of support of the float, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

S. In a wave-power-storing apparatus, the combination, with a pier or pile, of a iioat hinged to said pier or pile, a support on said pieror pile,an air-compressing pump mounted in said support, said pump having its piston operatively connected with said ioat, mechanism for raising and lowering said support and pump and the fulcrumal point ofsaid float, and means for moving said pump nearer or farther away from the fulcrumal point of the iioat, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

9. In a wave-power-storing apparatus, the combination, with a pier or pile, of a float hinged to said pier or pile, a support on said pier or pile, a series of air-compressin g pumps mounted in said support, and in multiple with each other, whereby one pump forces air into the next pump, said pumps having pistonrods operatively connected with said float, mechanism for raising and lowering said support and pumps and the fulcrumal point of said float, and means for moving said pump nearer or farther away from the fulcrumal point of the iioat, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

l0. In a wave-power-storing apparatus, the combination, with a pier or pile, of a iioat hinged to said pier or pile, and having a lateral swimming motion, a laterally-movable support on said pier or pile, an air-compressing pump mounted in said support, said pump having its piston operatively connected with said float, mechanism for raising and lowering said support and pumps, and the fulcrumal point of said float, and means for moving said pump nearer or farther away from the fulcrumal point of the float, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

ll. In a wave-power-storing apparatus, the combination, with a pier or pile, of a float hinged to said pier or pile, and having a lateral swimming motion, a laterally-movable support on said pier or pile, a series of aircompressing pumps mounted in said support, and in multiple with each other, whereby one pump forces air into the next pump, said pumps having piston-rods operatively connected with said float, mechanism for raising and lowerin r said support and pumps, and the fulcrumal point of said float, and means for moving said pumps nearer or farther away from the fulcrumal point of the float, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

l2. ln a wave-powcrstoring apparatus, the combination, with a pier or pile, and a rotatable and vertically-movable sleeve or collar on said pier or pile, of a float hinged to said sleeve, a support iixed to said sleeve, an aircompressing pump mounted in said support, said pump having its piston-rod operatively connected with said iioat, mechanism for operating said sleeve or collar and raising or lowering said support and pump and the fulcrumal point of said iioat, and means for moving said pump nearer or farther away from the fulcrumal point of the iioat, substantially as and for-the purposes set forth.

13. In a wave-power-storin g apparatus, the combination, with a pier or pile and a rotatable collar or sleeve thereon, of an arm or bar hinged to said sleeve and having a float, a support fixed to said sleeve, screw-rods rotatively arranged in bearings on the float arm or bar and the lfixed support, a pumpor pumps operatively arranged to travel back and forth by the simultaneous rotation of said screwrods, and said pump or pumps having pistonrods actuated from said float and float arm or bar, substantially as and i'or the purposes set forth.

lat. In a wave-power-storing apparatus, the

combination, with a pier or pile and a rotatable collar or sleeve thereon, of an arm or bar hinged to said sleeve and having a float, a support fixed to said sleeve, screw-rods rotatively arranged in bearings on the iioat arm or .bar and the fixed support, travelers or slides connected with said screw-rods, a pump or pumps pivotally connected with said travelers or slides and arranged to travel bachi and forth by the simultaneous rotation of said screw-rods, and said pump or pumps having piston-rods actuated from said iioat and float arm or bar, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

l5. In a wave-power-storing apparatus, the combination, with a pier or pile, of a iioat hinged to said pier or pile, and means actuated from said iioat to indicate the action of the waves on said float, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

1G. In a wave-powcr-storing apparatus, the combination, with a pier or pile, of a iioat hinged to said pier or pile, and means actuated frorn said float to indicate the action of the waves on said float, comprising a mechanical motor and governor, and an electrical contact device, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

17. In awave-power-storing apparatus, the combination, with a pier or pile and a rotatable and vertically-movable sleeve or collar thereon, of a float arm or bar hinged to said sleeve and having a float, a support 'fixed to said sleeve, a mechanical motor and governor, and an electrical contact device on said support, and means connected with said floatarm to actuatc said motor, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

1S. In a wave-power-stering a-liiparatus, the combination, with a pier or pile, and a rotatable and vertically-movable sleeve or collar thereon, of a float arm or bar hinged to said sleeve and having a float,a support fixed to said sleeve, a mechanical motor and governor,

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and an electrical contact device on said support, and means connected with said iioatarm to actuate said motor, consisting, essentially, of ratchet-Wheel and gear mechanism of said motor, a rack in engagement with said ratchet-Wheel, a bell-crank connected with said rack, and a connecting-rod pivotally attached to said bell-crank and said iioatarm, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

lf). In a wave-poWer-storing apparatus, the combination, with a pier or pile, and a rotatable and vertically-movable sleeve or collar thereon, of a float arm or bar hinged to said sleeve and having a float, a support fixed to said sleeve, a mechanical motor and governor, and an electrical contact device on said support, and means connected with said ioatarm to actuate said motor, consisting, essentially, of a ratchet-Wheel and gear mechanism of said motor, a bell-crank, a connecting-rod pivotall y attached to said bell-crank and said loat-arin, a screw-threaded sleeve adj ustably arranged on a screw-threaded portion of one arm of said bell-crank, and a spring-actuated rack pivotally connected with said sleeve and in engagement with the ratchet-Wheel of said motor, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

20. In a Wave-poWer-storin g apparatus, the combination, with a pier or pile, of a iloat hinged to said pier or pile, and means actuated from said ioat to indicate the action of the waves on said iioat, comprising a mechanical motor and governor, and an electrical contact device, consisting, essentially of posts p and p2 having contact-pieces, an arm actuated by the movements of the said governor, contact-pieces on said arm, and electric circuit connections connected with the several contact-pieces, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

2l. In a Wave-poWer-storin g apparatus, the combination, with a pier or pile, of a oat hinged to said pier or pile, and means actuated from said float to indicate the action of the Waves on said float, comprising a mechanical motor and governor, consisting, essentially, of a ratchet-wheel and gear mechanism of said motor, a rack in engagement with said ratchet-wheel, a bell-crank connected with said rack, a con necting-rod pivotally attached to said bell-crank and said iioat, and an electrical contact device, consisting, essentially of posts 7) and p2 having contact-pieces, an arm actuated by the movements of said governor, contact-pieces on said arm, and electrical circuit connections connected With the several contact-pieces, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

22. In a Wave-power-storing apparatus, the combination, with a pier or pile, and a rotatable and vertically-movable sleeve or collar thereon, of a iioat arm or bar hinged to said sleeve and having a float, a support fixed to said sleeve, a mechanical motor and governor on said support, consisting, essentially, of a ratchet-wheel and gear mechanism of said motor,a rack in engagement with said ratchet- Wheel, a bell-crank connected with said rack,

a connecting-rod pivotally attached to said bell-crank and said iioat-arm, and an electrical contact device, consisting, essentially of posts p and p2, having contact-pieces, an arm actuated by the movements of said governor, contact-pieces on said arm, and eleotrical circuit connections connected with the several contact-pieces, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

23. In a Wave-poWer-storin g apparatus, the combination, with a pier or pile, and a rotatable and vertically-movable sleeve or collarthereon, of a float arm or bar hinged to said sleeve and having a oat, a support xed to said sleeve, a mechanical motor and governor on said support, consisting, essentially, of a ratchet-wheel and gear mechanism of said motor, a bell-crank, a connecting-rod pivotally attached to said bell-crank and said floatarm, a screw-threaded sleeve adjustably arranged on a screw-threaded portion of one arm of said bell-crank, and a spring-actuated rack pivotally connected with said sleeve and in engagement with the ratchet-Wheel of said motor, and an electrical contact device, consisting, essentially of posts p and p2, having contact-pieces, an arm actuated by the movements of said governor, contact-pieces on said arm, and electrical circuit connections connected with the several contact-pieces, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

24. In a Wave-power-storing apparatus, the combination, with a series of piers or piles, and a float, of a net connected with said piers or piles, to decrease the size of the Waves, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

25. In a Wave-poWer-storing apparatus, the combination, with a series of piers or piles, and a float, of a netconnected with said piers or piles, to decrease the size of the Waves, and means connected with said net for raising and lowering it beneath the surface of the Water, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

26. In a Wave-power-storing apparatus, the combination, With a series of piers or piles, and a float, of a net connected with said piers or piles, to decrease the size of the Waves, and means connected with said net for raising and lowering it beneath the surface of the Water, consisting, essentially, of a Winch, ropes passing over the same, and attached to said net, and blocks secured to said piers or piles, having pulley-Wheels over which said ropes pass, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

27. In a wave-poWer-storing apparatus,the combination, With a pier or pile, and a rotatable and vertically-movable sleeve or collar on said pier or pile, of a float and a float-arm hinged to said sleeve, consisting of a pair of arms e and e', a support fixed to said sleeve, consisting of a pair of arms d and a pair of frame portions d3, a traveler or slide on said ICO IIO

float-arms, a traveler or slide on said frame portions d3, screw-threaded bearing portions Connected With both said slides or travelers,'a pump or pumps connected with said slides or travelers, a screw-rod Working in the bearing portion eonneoted With the slide or traveler on the float-arms e and e', a screw-rod working in the bearing portion connected with the slide or traveler on the frame portion d3, and means for simultaneously actuating said screw-rods, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

2S. In a Wave-poiver-storing apparatus, the combination, with a pier or pile, and a rotatable and vertically-movable sleeve or collar on said pier or pile, ot' a loat and a float-arm hinged to said sleeve, Consisting of a pair of arms e and e', a support fixed to said sleeve, consisting` of a pair of arms CZ and a pair of frame portions d3, a traveler or slide on said oatarms, a traveler or slide on said frame portions (Z3, screw-threaded bearing portions connected With both said slides or travelers, a pump or pumps connected with said slides or travelers, a screw-rod working in the bearing,` portion Connected With the slide or traveler on the float-arms e and e', a screw-rod Working in the bearing portion connected with the slide or traveler on the frame portions d3, and means for simultaneously aotuating said screw-rods, consisting, essentially, of a rod and vgear-Wheels connected with the soreiv rod in the traveler or slide on the frame portions d3, a system of vertically-arranged rods and universal joints connected with the screw-rod Working` in the traveler or slide on the float-arms, a hand-Wheel 7i for operating the same, and a set of miter or bevel Wheels /tlo and (Z13, all arranged, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

In testimony that I claim the invention set fort-h above I have hereunto set my hand this d day of May, 1898-.

SAMUEL IVI. JONES. lVitnesses:

FREDK. C. FRAENTZEL, FRED. CROW.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3151564 *Jul 31, 1961Oct 6, 1964Rosenberg SidneyMarine powered generator
US4115034 *Jul 11, 1977Sep 19, 1978Smith Roland LVehicle-actuated air compressor and system therefor
US4340821 *Jun 19, 1980Jul 20, 1982Slonim David MeirApparatus for harnessing wave energy
US7023104Jul 9, 2003Apr 4, 2006Alvin KobashikawaWave energy conversion device for desalination, ETC
US8110937 *Aug 11, 2006Feb 7, 2012Biopower Systems Pty. Ltd.Wave energy capturing device
US8308449 *Nov 13, 2007Nov 13, 2012Dartmouth Wave Energy LimitedWave energy converter
US8628303Oct 9, 2012Jan 14, 2014Dartmouth Wave Energy LimitedWave energy converter
US20100034670 *Nov 13, 2007Feb 11, 2010Alvin SmithHydro column
US20100156106 *Aug 11, 2006Jun 24, 2010Biopower Systems Pty. Ltd.Wave Energy Capturing Device
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationF03B13/182