Portable horse-stall for railway-cars
US 617623 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. M1623'. Patented 1am-m, |399.
- l .1; P. YOUNG.
PORTABLE HORSE STALL FDR RAILWAY GARS.
(Applic'ton ledvApr. 16, 1898.)
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, No. 6|7,623. Patented 1an. lo, |899. .L P. YOUNG. PORTABLE HORSE STALL FOR RAILWAY CARS.
(Application filed Apr. 15, 1898.)
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No. 6|7,623. Patented lan'. I0, |899.
AJ. P. YOUNG.
PORTABLE HURSE'STALL FOR WAY CARS.
. (Application led Apr. 16, 9
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UNTTED STATES PATENT JOHN P. YOUNG, OF NEW HAVEN, CONNECTICUT.
PORTABLE HORSE-STALL FOR RAILWAY-CARS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 617,623, dated JanuaryV 10, 1899. Application filed April 1.6, 189B. Serial No. 677,813. (No model.)
Cars, of which the following is a full, clear,
and exact description.
The object of my invention'is t0 provide a construction whereby a baggage-car may be quickly and eifectively converted into a palace box-stall vcar and whereby the stalls may be as quickly and conveniently disconnected from a car, leaving the interior of the car unmarred and without any protuberances.
A further object of the invention is to provide a means whereby a baggage-car or a car of like character may be converted into a horse-stall car without in any manner marring the interior finish of the car and without danger of causing the animals to contact with the steam heating-pipes.
The invention consists -in the novel construction and combination of the several parts, in which similar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the figures.
Figure 1 is a vertical transverse section through a car having the improved iixtures Y applied thereto.
Fig. 2 is a longitudinal vertical section through the central portion of the car and through one of the stalls provided by the fixtures. Fig. 3 is a plan View of one of the padded division-boards adapted to be placed between the stalls. Fig. 4 is an enlarged partial side elevation and partial sectional view of one of the stanchions and a partial vertical section through the flooring of a car and a spring-socket adapted to recive the lower end of the stanchion. Fig. 5 is a partial side elevation and partial sectional View of one end of a cross-bar for the stalls and a vertical section through the socket in the wall of the car adapted to receive the end of the cross-bar. Fig. Gis a plan View of the socket-plate, shown applied in Fig. 5 to the wall of the car. Fig. 7 is an end view of the cross-bar, also shown in Fig. 5. Fig. S is a plan view of a socket-plate adapted for attachment to the deck-sill of a car; and Fig. 9 is a plan view of one end of an upper crossbar, illustrating the locking device adapted to enter the socket-plate shown in Fig. 8. Fig. 10 is a front elevation of a modiiied form of stanchion, and Fig. 1l is a side elevation of the same.
In the drawings I have illustrated a set or series of transversely-arranged stalls applied to a car.
A represents a baggage-car, Bvthe clearstory thereof, and C represents one of two upper cross-bars adapted for attachment to the deck-sills of the car, the said cross-bars extending from one side of the 'clearstory to the other. Each cross-bar C is constructed in two sections, a body-section 10 and an extension-section 11, the body-section, as shown in Fig. 2, being provided at one end with a longitudinal slot, into which an end of the eX- tension-section 11 is loosely entered,the bodysection at its slotted portion being strengthenedAby top and bottom plates 12. The extension-section 11 is provided with a longitudinal slot 13, extending through from side to side, and slotted face-plates 11i at each end of the slot 13, while the body-section 10 is provided with a longitudinal slot 14, extending through from side to side, and slotted faceplates 15, as shown in Fig. 1.
Preferably two stanchions D cross each of the cross-bars C at their slotted portions, the upper ends of the stanchions being provided with longitudinal slots 16, and bolts 17 are passed through the slots in the members of the cross-bars C and the slots 16 in the stanchions, the bolts being provided with lock-nuts 18, which are preferably in the form of cranks, so that they may be expeditiously applied. Under this construction it is obvious that the cross-bars O and the stanchions may be adj usted to cars of different widths and of different heights. The lower end of each stanchion is provided with a ferrule 19, and the said ferrule is provided with a block 20, preferably a tapering block, as shown in Fig. 4. The block 2O of each ferrule is made to enter a socket-casing 21 fitted in the ooring of the car. A plunger 22 is mounted to slide in each socket-casing 21, and each plunger is provided with a head 23, and a spring 24 is coiled around each plunger 22, bearing against the bottom of the socket-casing containing the plunger and against the under surface of the plunger-head. When a stanchion is in position in a socket-casing, the spring-plunger is forced downward, as shown in Fig. 4, thus holding the stanchion lirmly in position; but when the stanchions are removed the plungerheads are carried by their springs flush with the upper surface of the floor, so that no dirt can enter the socket-easing to interfere with the application of the stall-fixtures.
The upper cross-bars C are held in position preferably by 'forming recesses in the under faces of the deck-sills of the car and covering the recesses with plates 25, having keyholeslots 26 made therein. At each extremity of each upper cross-bar C a button ora latch 27 is provided, the head whereof is eccentric on the shank, and the said heads are made to enter the larger portions of the keyhole-slots 2G, the shanks being carried into the contracted portions of the slots.
The upper crossbars C are prevented from leaving their sockets in the deck-sills by intermediate cross-bars 28, which extend :from side to side of the car, crossing the stanchions D. These intermediate cross-bars are made in two sections 2S and 28h, the section 28 being provided with a slot 29 to receive the section 28h, and the slot is covered by a suitable plate 30, as shown in Fig. l. The inner faces of the cross-bars 2S or the surfaces that face the stalls are provided with suitable pads 3l.
At each end of each intermediate cross-bar lSan end plate is secured, provided with two buttons or latches 32, having eccentric heads similar to the buttons 27, and, as illustrated in Fig. 5, the buttons or latches 32 on the intermediate cross-bars are adapted to enter keyhole-slots 33 made in plates Si, which are introduced into the side walls of the car over suitable recesses 35. As illustrated in Fig. 2, in one side of each stanchion D, near its upper end, a recess 3G is made, and these recesses communicate with longitudinal grooves 87 made in the inner faces of the stanchions. These grooves are adapted to receive partition-boards 3S, (shown in detail in Fig. 3,) the endsof the partition-boards being iirst introduced into the recesses 3G and then made to enter the grooves 37. The partition-boards are provided upon both sides with upholstery 39 or padding of any description.
The steam-pipes 40 in the car are incased by removable housings 41, and in the side stalls the side faces of the car are covered by pads 42, which likewise cover the housings 4l. Chains l2? are attached to the lower edges of these pads, connected by snap-hooks or their equivalents with rings or screw-eyes 4l in the floor of the car. Straps l5 are secured to the upper ends of these pads, and each strap is provided with a button 6, having an eccentric head, being preferably of the same shape as the buttons and 27, heretofore alluded to, and the buttons 4G enter suitable keyhole-slots made in plates tted in the side walls of the car. Undersuch a construction it will be observed that the fixtures may be quickly set up and quickly removed, and when removed the interior of a baggage-car will remain the same as before the fixtures were applied.
It frequently happens that it is necessary to carry the stanchions to the extreme top of the car, in which event the stanchions may be advantageously constructed, as illustrated in Figs. l0 and ll, in which it will be ob served that the stanchions are telescopic, comprisinga body member i7, having grooves 4S in opposite sides, and an upper section i9, comprising two side pieces connected by a top piece 50, Ithe side pieces being held to move in the aforesaid grooves 4S. A locking-button 5l of the character heretofore described is located upon the top cross-piece 50, and apertures 52 are made in the side pieces of the upper section, whereby the upper section may be held in adjusted position by passing bolts 53 through suitable apertures 52 and across the top of the main section of a st-anchion. The body portion -l7 of the stanchions (shown in Figs.l0 and ll) is braced by a suitable screw/bolt 5l, and the lower ends of the upper sections of the stanchion are braced by a bolt 55, passed through them and through slots 5G made in the body portions of the stanchions.
Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patentl. In stall fixtures for cars, cross -bars formed of sections adj usi'ably secured together and arranged for locking connection with the car, stanchions detachably secured to the cross-bars and each provided with a vertical groove and a recess at the top of the groove, and partition-boards movablyheld in the grooves of the stanchions, substantially as described.
2. In a stall-fixture for cars, upper crossbars formed of sections and arranged for locking connection with the deck-sills of the car, stanchions having their lower ends fitting in sockets in the ioor of the car and their upper ends adjustably secured to the said cross-bar,said stanchions being provided with vertical slideways, partition-boards held in said slideways, and intermediate crossbars formed of sections and arranged for locking connection with the sides of the car, said intermediate cross bars crossing the stanchions and serving to hold the upper cross-bars in locked position, substantially as described.
In a stall-fixture for cars, upper and lower adjustable cross-bars provided with means for locking engagement with the car, stanchions adj ustably connected with the said cross-bars, sockets arranged to receive the lower ends of the stanchions and having spring-pressed plungers, the said stanchions being provided with slideways,and partitions mounted in the slideways of the stanchions, substantially as shown and described.
4. The combination, with a car provided with sockets in the loorin g thereof said sock- ICO IIO
movably carried by the said stanchions, for.
the purpose specified.
5. The combination, with a car having side plates carrying recesses, the said side plates being provided with one or more keyholeslots, and pads removablylocated at the sides of the car, being secured to the loorand provided at their upper ends with studs adapted to enter sundry of the said keyhole-plates in the sides of the car, of adjustable cross-bars provided with studs at their ends, plates provided with keyhole-slots located at the upper portion of the car, receiving the said studs, stanchions adjustably connected with the said cross-bars7 intermediate cross-bars having bearing against the stanchions', the said intermediate cross-bars being adj nstable and provided with studs adapted to enter sundry of the keyhole-slots in the side plates of the car, and partitions removablymounted in the said stanchions, for the purpose set forth.
6. In a stall-fixture, the combination of ay cross-bar formed of sections adjustably secured together, each section being provided with a longitudinal slot, stanehions having longitudinal slots at their upper ends, and bolts passing through the slots of the crossbar and stanchion,substantially as described.
7 In a stall-fixture, the combination with a stanchion having a tenon at its end, of a socket adapted to receive the tenon, and a spring-pressed plunger in the socket,substan tially as and for the purpose set forth.
8. In a stall-xture, for cars, the combination with a car' provided with keyhole-slots inthe under face of the deck-sills and with keyhole-slots'onits sides and sockets in the iioor, of an upper cross-har formed of two sections and provided with heads fitting in the'keyhole-slots of the deck-sills, stanchions having their lower ends tting in sockets in the floor and their upper ends adjnstably secured to the cross-bar; and an intermediate cross-bar formed of two sections and provided with latches havingheads fitting in the keyhole-slots of the sides of the car, said intermediate cross-bar crossing the stanchions, substantially as described.
- JOHN P. YOUNG.
FREDERICK L. AvERILL, JOHN P. STUDLEY.