Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS618053 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 24, 1899
Filing dateDec 4, 1897
Publication numberUS 618053 A, US 618053A, US-A-618053, US618053 A, US618053A
InventorsAndrew S. Brown
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Andrew s
US 618053 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

. Patented Ian.. 24, I899. A. 8. BROWN.

/NVENTOR way/ 7 4%0 /70, 6" A Z Arron/(En V m wwu V (Application filed Dec. 4, 1897.)

OPENER 0B CLOSER FOB SKYLIGHTS w: Noams FEVER; co wcnoumn. wasnwm-on, n. c




SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 618,053, dated January 24, 1899.

Application filed December 4, 1897. Serial No. 660,802. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that 1, ANDREW S. BROWN, a citizen of the United States, residing at New York, (Brooklyn,) in the county of Kings and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Opener or Closers for Skylights, &c., of which the following is a full and complete specification, such as will enable those skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.

This invention relates to mechanism for opening and closing pivoted or hinged skylights; and it has for its object to provide a simple and improved mechanism of this class which will be compact in construction, effective in operation, and adapted to be mounted in close relation to the outer wall of the skylight-frame, so that it can be conveniently used for ships skylights and in analogous positions and arrangements.

The invention is fully disclosed in the following specification, of which the accompanying drawings form a part, in which the separate parts of my improvement are designated by the same letters of reference in each of the views, and in which- Figure 1 is an elevation, partly in section, showing my improved mechanism in position. Fig. 2 is a vertical transverse sectional view through the skylight-frame, the mechanism being shown in side elevation. Fig. 3 is a de tail transverse sectional view through the pivoted arm which carries the skylight. Fig. 4 is a vertical sectional view through the skylight-frame, showing in side elevation a modified form of myimproved skylight mechanism adapted for general application and use other than in connection with ships skylights; and Fig. 5 is an end elevation of the construction shown in Fig. 4.

Referring to the drawings, A designates the skylight-frame, and B the pivoted or hinged skylight. At a suitable point near the outer or free end of the skylight B is connected by a pivot-ed or hinged joint, as at c, an arm O, which swings or depends downwardly from the skylight. This arm embodies two parallel side bars 0 0 which embody longitudinal grooves, as at 0 in their opposite faces, the bottom of one of said grooves being provided with teeth, and c forming a rack, as shown.

In the arms 0, between its side rods 0 and a is arranged a pinion D, the periphery of which travels in the grooves c of the respective bars 0 c and engages the longitudinal rack 0 The pinion is thus retained or housed within the arm 0 by means of the receivinggrooves in the respective side bars of the same and is held in connection with said arm and against lateral displacement. ion D is carried upon a shaft E, transversely arranged with relation to the arm C and bearing in suitable brackets F F, projecting from the skylight-casing A. This shaft carries a vertical bevel-gear Gr, meshing with a corresponding horizontal bevel-gear H, arranged at the top end of a rotary operating-arm I.

To provide for the separation of the different parts, the grooves of the side bars of the arm 0 terminate in a bifurcated pivotal top end, as shown in dotted lines at c in Fig. 2 and in Fig. 1, whereby when the pivot c of said arm is disconnected the arm may be disengaged from the inclosed gear-pinion D. The arm is preferably of loop shape, as shown. The rotary operating-arm I is supported upon a bearing-pin f, projecting downwardly from the bracket F and through the bevel-gear H, the gear being adapted to turn upon this pin. (See Fig. 1.)

A lower bearing for the operating-arm I is provided by a cylindrical collar J, embracing said arm and carried upon a suitable bracket K, projectingfrom the skylight-casing. Said collar may be provided with set-screws, as at j, by the adjustment of which the arm I may be secured in fixed position to maintain the skylight and the operating mechanism in their adjustment. A handle 1' may be provided at the lower end of the arm I, by which it may be rotated, or any suitable means for connection of an operating device may be employed.

It will be understood from the foregoing de scription and by reference to the drawings that the mechanism will maintain a compact position near and with relation to the wall of the casing of the skylight and that it requires no rods or arms or operating devices extending downwardly a material distance, by means of which improved construction and arrangement the mechanism is especially adapted for convenient use upon ships skylights and in similar positions and arrange- The gear-pim ments where the space is contracted and where projecting devices would be a serious obstruction.

It will be noted that the pivoted arm (J in the modified form illustrated in Figs. 4 and 5 is the same in its general construction as the form of said arm illustrated in Figs. 2 and 8, having the grooves in its opposite inner faces and the rack in the bottom of one of said grooves, and also that the shaft E in the modified form carries the pinion operating in said grooves and rack in the arm. The only essential variation in construction and arrangement between the form illustrated in Figs. 1, 2, and 3 and the modified form illustrated in Figs. 4 and 5 consists in the operatin g mechanism which is connected with the shaft E and which is above described.

Having fully described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure byLetters Patent 1. The combination with the swinging sash, of an arm pivotally secured thereto, said arm comprising two parallel bars having oppositely-situated grooves in their inner faces, a rack in the bottom of one of said grooves, a pinion between said'arms, extending into said grooves, and inter-meshing with said rack, and means for operating said pinion.

2. An improved skylight mechanism, comprising, in combination with the skylight, a pivoted or hinged arm depending therefrom and embodying side bars having grooves in their opposite faces and provided with teeth forminga rack-bar within one of said grooves, a transversely-mounted shaft carrying a pinion operating between the side bars of said arm and within the grooves thereof, gear mechanism carried by'said shaft, gear mechanism meshing with the mechanism upon the shaft and operated by a downwardly-projecting rotary rod or arm, and adjusting mechanism engaging said rotary rod or arm to lock it in adjusted position, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my invention I have signed my name, in presence of the subscribing witnesses, this 2d day of December, 1897.




Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4665469 *Mar 7, 1986May 12, 1987Eaton CorporationHeadlight adjuster gear assembly
US5634296 *May 16, 1994Jun 3, 1997Carol A. HebdaRemote control door operating device
US5930954 *Jun 2, 1997Aug 3, 1999Hebda; Thomas J.Remote control door operating device
US6067753 *Jan 28, 1999May 30, 2000Hebda; Thomas J.Remote control door operating device
US6430871May 24, 1999Aug 13, 2002Thomas J. HebdaControlled door operator
US6513859 *Sep 20, 2001Feb 4, 2003Ohi Seisakusho Co., Ltd.Opening and closing apparatus for an opening and closing member of a vehicle
US7316096Jun 30, 2004Jan 8, 2008Yale Security Inc.Door operator
US7484333Nov 1, 2007Feb 3, 2009Yale Security Inc.Method of using a door operator
US7971316Apr 24, 2008Jul 5, 2011Yale Security Inc.Door closer assembly
US8109038Feb 3, 2009Feb 7, 2012Yale Security Inc.Door operator
US8390219Jul 29, 2010Mar 5, 2013Yale Security Inc.Door operator with electrical back check feature
US8407937Oct 22, 2009Apr 2, 2013Yale Security Inc.Door operator
US8415902Apr 16, 2010Apr 9, 2013Yale Security Inc.Door closer with calibration mode
US8499495Dec 30, 2011Aug 6, 2013Yale Security Inc.Door operator
US8527101Apr 16, 2010Sep 3, 2013Yale Security Inc.Door closer assembly
US8547046Apr 16, 2010Oct 1, 2013Yale Security Inc.Door closer with self-powered control unit
US8564235Apr 16, 2010Oct 22, 2013Yale Security Inc.Self-adjusting door closer
US8600567Mar 25, 2011Dec 3, 2013Yale Security Inc.Door closer assembly
US8773237Apr 16, 2010Jul 8, 2014Yale Security Inc.Door closer with teach mode
US8779713Apr 16, 2010Jul 15, 2014Yale Security Inc.Door closer with dynamically adjustable latch region parameters
US9163446Mar 17, 2010Oct 20, 2015Yale Security Inc.Door control apparatus
US9399884Nov 27, 2013Jul 26, 2016Yale Security Inc.Door closer assembly
US9523230Nov 3, 2014Dec 20, 2016Yale Security Inc.Door closer assembly
US20060010771 *Jun 30, 2004Jan 19, 2006Blue HouserDoor operator
US20080052997 *Nov 1, 2007Mar 6, 2008Blue HouserDoor Operator
US20090093913 *Apr 24, 2008Apr 9, 2009Copeland Ii David JamesDoor closer assembly
US20110094160 *Oct 22, 2009Apr 28, 2011Yale Security Inc.Door operator
US20110227746 *Mar 17, 2010Sep 22, 2011Yale Security Inc.Door control apparatus
US20110231023 *Mar 25, 2011Sep 22, 2011Yale Security Inc.Door closer assembly
Cooperative ClassificationE05Y2900/55