|Publication number||US6183420 B1|
|Application number||US 08/985,799|
|Publication date||Feb 6, 2001|
|Filing date||Dec 5, 1997|
|Priority date||Jun 20, 1997|
|Also published as||DE69826664D1, DE69826664T2, EP0994742A1, EP0994742B1, WO1998058697A1|
|Publication number||08985799, 985799, US 6183420 B1, US 6183420B1, US-B1-6183420, US6183420 B1, US6183420B1|
|Inventors||Nareak Douk, Richard A. Gambale, Richard Choh|
|Original Assignee||Medtronic Ave, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (27), Referenced by (185), Classifications (11), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application is a continuation-in-part of pending U.S. patent application Ser. No. 08/879,569, filed Jun. 20, 1997, now pending.
The invention relates to guide wires used in angioplasty procedures and more particularly an angioplasty guide wire having shiftable control elements to provide a variable stiffness capability.
Treatments for cardiovascular conditions caused by restricted or blocked blood vessels increasingly involve trauma minimizing non-invasive surgical techniques. For example, in an angioplasty procedure, an elongated and relatively thin catheter can treat a blood vessel restriction, commonly referred to as a stenosis or occlusion, by advancing through the vessel to a location proximate the restriction. A balloon disposed distally on the end of the catheter radially expands against the restriction to open the vessel for increased bloodflow. However, because many angioplasty catheters comprise “over the wire” designs, in order for the catheter to reach the stenosed location, a guide wire typically must first define the vascular path.
Conventional angioplasty guide wires typically include a proximal shaft comprising a solid wire or a solid wall tube with an outer diameter equal to the nominal size of the guide wire. The shaft primarily functions to guide and support a catheter, and to smoothly transmit rotation from the proximal end to an intermediate section. The intermediate section extends axially from the proximal shaft and generally comprises a tapered core wire surrounded by a coiled spring and typically has more flexibility than the proximal shaft. Like the proximal shaft, the intermediate section must assist in guiding the catheter and smoothly transmitting rotation. However, some degree of flexibility in the intermediate section is desirable to conform the catheter to the curvature of the aortic arch and the coronary arteries. Extending from the intermediate section at a distal joint is a flexible distal tip that accepts a pre-formed curved shape resembling a “J”. The curved tip tends to steer the guide wire in the direction of the hook.
To reach a blood vessel restriction, conventional guide wires typically traverse tortuous paths having relatively sharp turns and passage constrictions. A common technique to aid in steering the guide wire, especially where the path branches into a plurality of passages, involves rotating the shaft to redirect the pre-formed “J” towards a particular branch, then advancing the wire once the correct orientation is achieved. Unfortunately, as the wire advances into blood vessels of reduced diameter, the friction generated between the guide wire and the inner walls of the vessel tends to inhibit rotation from the proximal shaft, through the intermediate section to the distal tip. Consequently, overly flexible intermediate sections are susceptible to substantial twisting and doubling over, thereby failing to transmit the desired rotation to the distal end of the guide wire.
Another problem faced by conventional guide wires involves supporting the catheter once the correct position is reached. On occasion, after the guide wire is positioned, an exchange is made whereby the relatively flexible shaft is replaced by a relatively stiff shaft with the catheter remaining in place. Although conventionally exchanging wires is a commonplace practice, the procedure undesirably adds steps in the overall procedure, and exposes the insertion area to potential contamination.
One proposal for providing an angioplasty guide wire with a controllably variable stiffness is disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4,676,249 to Arenas. The guide wire includes an elongated core wire and a tubular stiffening member movable within the lumen of a flexible coiled wire body defining a distal end of the guide wire. Varying degrees of flexibility are possible at the distal end by shifting the relative positions of the core wire and/or the tubular stiffening member in the wire body. U.S. Pat. No. 4,873,983 to Winters teaches a similar device that includes a tapered core wire moveable within the distal end of an outer tube to steer the distal end of the tube through a vasculature.
In both the Arenas and Winters devices, the respective stiffening features affect only the distal ends of the guide wires. Thus, support in the intermediate section of the guide wire, for example, to assist tracking of a stent catheter, is unavailable. A further disadvantage of the above-described devices involves the lack of torsional support provided by the stiffening member to ensure full rotational transmission through the wires to effect proper steering in relatively constrained blood vessels.
Another approach, disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 5,542,434 to Imran, involves a guide wire having a core wire and a hypotube coaxially disposed around the core wire. An actuator wire formed of a memory material runs longitudinally with the core wire at the distal end of the guide wire to stiffen in response to thermal energy supplied by a heater. The core wire and hypotube are bonded together by an adhesive to prevent relative axial or torsional displacement.
While the Imran device provides a relatively stiff guide wire for purposes of torque control, such stiffness at the proximal and intermediate sections of the guide wire is permanent, and not selectively controllable. Thus, like the Arenas and Winters devices described above, the variable stiffening feature is limited to the distal end of the guide wire. Moreover, the stiffness is controllable only through use of a relatively complex and costly thermal mechanism requiring additional wires running the length of the guide wire.
Therefore, the need exists for an angioplasty guide wire having controllable elements that cooperate to provide a variable stiffness in the intermediate section of the guide wire. Moreover, the need also exists for such a guide wire having a selective locking mechanism to provide enhanced torsional control during insertion of the catheter through a vasculature. The guide wire of the present invention satisfies these needs.
The guide wire and method of the present invention provides the capability of controllably changing the stiffness of the intermediate section while the guide wire remains in vivo. This eliminates the need to exchange guide wire elements when added support is necessary for particular procedures to enhance catheter tracking. Moreover, the elements may be locked in some circumstances or splined to maximize torsional transmission during advancement of the guide wire through constricted vascular passages.
To realize the above advantages, the present invention, in one form, comprises an angioplasty guidewire including a proximal shaft formed with an axial passage and a variable stiffness intermediate section extending axially from the tubular shaft and having a corridor aligned axially with the passage and terminating at a distal joint. The intermediate section comprises a plurality of stiffening elements. A core element is slidably disposed axially through the passage and includes a distal end projecting into the corridor and attached to the distal joint while a flexible distal tip is mounted to the end of the intermediate portion and projects axially therefrom.
In another form, the invention comprises an angioplasty catheter system including an angioplasty catheter having an expandable element for dilating radially outwardly inside a blood vessel and a controllably variable guide wire. The guide wire includes a proximal tubular shaft formed with an axial passage and a variable stiffness intermediate section extending axially from the tubular shaft and having a corridor aligned axially with the passage and terminating at a distal joint. The intermediate section comprises a plurality of stiffening elements. The guide wire further includes a core element slidably disposed axially through the passage and having a distal end projecting into the corridor and attached to the distal joint. A flexible distal tip is mounted to the end of the intermediate portion and projects axially therefrom.
In yet another form, the invention comprises a method of deploying a guide wire through a vasculature to a restricted location in a blood vessel. The guide wire includes a proximal shaft, an intermediate section having a plurality of stiffening elements and projecting axially from the shaft, and a core element slidably disposed inside the shaft and attached to a distal end of the intermediate section. The method includes the steps of first shifting the core element into an initial position within the intermediate section of the guide wire to effect a predetermined flexibility in the intermediate section; inserting the guide wire through an incision accessing the vasculature; threading the guide wire through the vasculature to the restricted location; and stiffening the intermediate section by axially displacing the core element to actuate at least one of the stiffening elements and provide sufficient stiffness to track a catheter apparatus.
Other features and advantages of the present invention will be apparent from the following detailed description when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 is a partial diagrammatical view of a catheter system according to one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 1A is a partial diagrammatical view of a catheter system according to a second embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a partial longitudinal sectional view of a guide wire according to a first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a partial longitudinal sectional view similar to FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a partial longitudinal sectional view of a guide wire according to a second embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a partial longitudinal sectional view similar to FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 is a partial longitudinal sectional view of a guide wire according to a third embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is an axial cross sectional view along lines 7—7 of FIG. 6;
FIG. 8 is a partial longitudinal sectional view of a guide wire according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a partial longitudinal sectional view similar to FIG. 8;
FIG. 10 is a partial longitudinal sectional view of a guide wire according to a fifth embodiment;
FIG. 11 is a partial enlarged axial sectional view of the distal joint of FIG. 10;
FIG. 12 is a cross-sectional view along lines 12—12 of FIG. 11;
FIG. 13 is a partial enlarged axial sectional view of the intermediate section-proximal shaft joint of FIG. 10;
FIG. 14 is a cross-sectional view along lines 14—14 of FIG. 13; and
FIGS. 15-20 are partial longitudinal sectional views of alternative stiffener element arrangements for the embodiment of FIG. 10.
Angioplasty catheter systems and procedures enable operators to perform life-saving treatments with minimal tissue trauma experienced by the patient. Referring now to FIG. 1, an angioplasty catheter 10 of the “over the wire” design having a radially expandable balloon 12 is shown positioned within a branch blood vessel 14. Alternatively, angioplasty catheter 10 may be of the “over the wire” design having an expandable stent 13, as shown in FIG. 1A. It being known to those skilled in the art that a catheter can deliver an expandable balloon or a balloon expandable or self-expanding stent. From the point of entry, typically an incision made at 16, to the eventual destination 18, the catheter must traverse a winding, branch laden path. As a result, the catheter must rely on a relatively flexible guide wire to establish the path for the catheter to track.
Referring now to FIGS. 2 and 3, a guide wire in accordance with a first embodiment of the present invention, generally designated 20, provides variable stiffness capability in vivo and includes a flexible member 30 moveable relative to a stiffener 40 that longitudinally extends along respective guide wire segments defining a proximal shaft 22, an intermediate section 24, and a distal portion 26.
The flexible member 30 comprises a core wire formed of a relatively flexible strand of stainless steel measuring about 180 centimeters and having a relatively constant diameter over a majority of its length. Typically, the diameter ranges from about 0.005 inches to 0.01 inches, depending upon the application involved. Respective primary and secondary tapers 32 and 34 are formed in the core wire along the intermediate section to narrow the core wire and provide added flexibility. A distal end 36 of the core wire terminates in a bonded distal joint 38 that connects the intermediate section 24 the distal portion 26 of the guide wire.
With continuing reference to FIGS. 2 and 3, the stiffener 40 comprises a formed hypotube that coaxially extends longitudinally along the core wire 30 in slidable relationship therewith. The hypotube is formed with a relatively stiff shaft section 42 that narrows down, at 44, to define a shoulder 46 for mounting one end of an intermediate spring 48. The other end of the spring projects axially beyond the distal joint 38 and defines an inner spring 54 that terminates at a distal tip 58. The narrowed section of the hypotube provides somewhat more flexibility than the stiff shaft section and tapers radially inwardly at 50 to form a restricted mouth 52 for complementally engaging the core wire secondary taper 34. The mouth and the secondary taper cooperate to form an axially and radially inhibiting friction fit.
The proximal shaft 22 and the intermediate section 24 together comprise various lengths of the core wire 30 and the hypotube 40. However, for convention purposes, the intermediate spring 48 typically defines the guide wire intermediate section. Thus, under this convention, the proximal shaft 22 extends from the proximal end of the guide wire (not shown), to the annular shoulder 46 formed in the slidable hypotube 40.
Further referring to FIG. 2, the distal portion 26 extends axially from the distal joint 38 and includes respective inner and outer coil springs 54 and 56 disposed concentrically and interposed between the distal joint 38 and the distal tip 58. The tip typically retains a preformed “J” shape (not shown) to urge the guide wire in desired directions and thereby assist in steering the catheter during insertion through the vasculature.
Assembly of the guide wire 20 is well within the level of skill in the art, and generally includes first sliding the core wire 30 through the length of the hypotube 40 until the restricted mouth 34 frictionally engages the secondary taper 34. The intermediate spring 48 is then run over the uncovered portion of the core wire projecting outwardly from the distal tip of the hypotube and attached to the annular shoulder 46 with a suitable adhesive. The distal joint 38 is then formed at the tip of the core wire 30 to confine the intermediate spring therearound with a globule of solder material or the like. With the inner spring 54 projecting axially from the intermediate spring, the outer spring 56 is slid coaxially over the inner spring and then bonded to the distal joint with adhesive. Next, the opposite ends of the springs are capped by mounting the hemispherical tip 58. Following assembly, the guide wire is typically packaged separately in a sterile container for use in an angioplasty catheter system.
Referring now to FIGS. 1, 2 and 3, during operation, the guide wire 20 is typically first removed from its sterile packaging and inserted into the vascular system through the small external incision 16. Initial advancement of the guide wire through the body requires a relatively high degree of flexibility at the distal portion 26 of the guide wire, with a moderate level of flexibility at the intermediate section 24. To maximize available flexibility at the distal portion, the hypotube 40 conveniently frictionally locks to the core wire 30 by sliding the hypotube rearwardly to engage the complementally formed mouth 52 and secondary taper 34.
Locking of the core wire 30 to the hypotube 40 also serves to maximize the transmission of torque from the proximal end 22 of the guide wire to the intermediate section 24 by integrating the core wire and hypotube into a relatively large diameter rod, rather than a substantially thin wire. Those skilled in the art will appreciate this feature to substantially assist the operator in steering the guide wire 20 through the vasculature.
For example, as shown in FIG. 1, a typical path for the guide wire 20 to traverse often includes sharp turns such as at 60, and branch points leading to a plurality of branch paths, such as at 62 and 64. The guide wire may be conveniently steered and threaded along the path by rotating the entire assembly to orient the pre-formed “J” (not shown) such that the hook points in a desired direction. However, as the blood vessels become more constrained, rotation of the guide wire along the 180 centimeter length becomes more difficult, and even stops altogether unless the proximal, intermediate and distal portions have a relatively high torsional stiffness. Under such circumstances, the operator merely locks the hypotube 40 and the core wire 30 together to achieve the added torsional stiffness necessary to permit rotation of the guide wire in constrained areas.
Once the guide wire 20 is successfully threaded in position, the operator may then choose to stiffen the intermediate section 24 by sliding the hypotube 40 distally to provide axial support near the treatment area. Advancement of the hypotube distally along the core wire, as shown in FIG. 3, compresses the intermediate spring while bringing more of the relatively stiff shaft section of the hypotube into the intermediate section of the guide wire. The net result is a cooperative stiffening of the intermediate section by the interaction of the hypotube with the core wire. With the added axial support, the balloon or stent catheter 10 may track the guide wire 20 and treat the location without undesirable overflexing at the intermediate section of the guide wire. Following the treatment, the hypotube may be shifted back to its initially locked position to enable swift withdrawal of the guide wire from the body.
Referring now to FIGS. 4 and 5, a guide wire in accordance with a second embodiment of the present invention, generally designated 70, is formed substantially similar to the first embodiment albeit with a modified core wire 72 construction. The core wire includes a sawtooth wave-shaped diametrically offset portion 74 disposed between a secondary barrel 73 and a secondary taper 75. The offset portion provides a friction fit when engaged with an internal radial surface 76 in a hypotube 80.
In operation, the guide wire 70 functions in much the same manner as the first embodiment, but provides a locking friction fit over a greater range of hypotube positions. FIG. 4 illustrates a locked position, while the stiffening action of the hypotube shifted axially is shown in FIG. 5.
Referring now to FIGS. 6 and 7, in yet another embodiment, a guide wire 81 is formed substantially similar to the aforedescribed embodiments albeit with a modified core wire/hypotube construction. The guide wire includes a core wire 82 formed with a polygonal cross-section, such as a hexagonal or pentagonal shape. An inner surface 84 of a hypotube 86 is complementally formed with the same polygonal shape to axially receive the formed core wire.
Operation of the modified core wire/hypotube embodiment is also similar to the previously described embodiments. However, unlike the prior constructions, which included a selectively engageable locking mechanism to effect enhanced torsional stiffness, the modified construction provides continuous torsional support. During positional maneuvering of the guide wire, rotation of the hypotube 86 rotates the inner wire 82 due to the complementally formed polygonal surfaces thereby transmitting any applied torque from the proximal end to the tip and directing the J-shaped tip into the desired branch of the artery.
With reference to FIGS. 8 and 9, a guide wire in accordance with a fourth embodiment of the present invention, and generally designated 100, includes a stiffener 110 slidably received within a closed ended flexible member 120 that longitudinally extends along respective segments defining a proximal shaft 102, an intermediate section 104, and a distal portion 106.
The stiffener 110 comprises a core wire formed of an elongated thin rod of tungsten/stainless steel alloy having a diameter within the range of 0.004 inches to 0.009 inches and a length of approximately 180 centimeters. Unlike the first and second embodiments, the core wire diameter remains constant with the distal tip truncated in a flat engagement end 112.
Further referring to FIG. 8, the flexible member 120 comprises a formed hypotube including a relatively flexible tubular body formed with an interior blind bore 122 having a constant internal diameter to slidably receive the core wire 110 and a distal wall 124 to serve as a stop. The exterior of the hypotube includes a major diameter 126 extending most of the hypotube length. The major diameter narrows at 128 along a secondary taper 130 and ends in a secondary barrel 132. The secondary barrel extends longitudinally to 134 where it begins to fall off in a primary taper 136 that extends to a primary barrel 138. The end of the hypotube is swaged down into a tapered section 140 that bonds to a distal joint 142.
With further reference to FIG. 8, an intermediate spring 144 receives the hypotube 120 and bonds to the secondary taper 130 through the use of a suitable adhesive that forms an adhesive joint 146. The opposite end of the spring connects to the distal joint 142. Unlike the first and second embodiments, the intermediate spring 144 lies mounted in an axially fixed position.
The distal portion 106 is formed substantially similar to the first and second embodiments. An inner spring 148 is formed integrally with the intermediate spring and projects axially distally. The inner spring tapers radially inwardly and then forms a constant diameter in an axially expanded configuration to provide a larger pitch. An outer spring 150 coaxially confines the inner spring and bonds with the inner spring to the distal point 142. A hemispherical cap 152 bonds to the ends of the springs.
Assembly of the guide wire 100 involves first inserting the intermediate spring 144 over the distal end of the hypotube 120 and bonding one end of the spring to the secondary taper at 154. The other end of the spring is then bonded or soldered to the distal joint 142, along with the distal end of the hypotube itself, and the respective inner and outer springs 148 and 150. The cap 152 is then attached to the opposite end of the springs and pre-formed with the springs to take on a “J”-shape (not shown). The core wire 110 is then inserted through the length of the hypotube.
Referring to FIGS. 8 and 9, during operation, the guide wire 100 is initially inserted into the vasculature with the core wire 110 somewhat retracted from the end of the hypotube 120 to maximize the flexibility of the assembly during advancement along winding vessels. In relatively constricted areas where turns must be artfully negotiated, the operator merely rotates the hypotube shaft to effect a corresponding rotation at the distal portion 106, thereby re-orienting the distal “J”, and urging the guide wire along another direction. Because of the relatively large diameter of the hypotube 120, the transmission of rotation of the assembly from the proximal end to the intermediate section is substantially unaffected.
Once positioned at the treatment site, the guide wire stiffness may be increased by conveniently sliding the core wire 110 through the hypotube bore 122 toward the formed stop 124. Advancement of the core wire distally results in a cooperation between the core wire and the hypotube to impart a varying stiffness corresponding to the depth of insertion of the core wire through the hypotube bore 122. Depending upon the application, the guide wire will reflect a level of stiffness necessary to properly support a balloon or stent catheter. When the procedure is completed, the core wire may be removed to restore flexibility to the guide wire so that it may be quickly removed.
Referring now to FIGS. 10 through 19, a fifth embodiment of the present invention, generally designated 160, comprises a guide wire having the capability to provide a range of flexibility in the intermediate portion to accept and provide trackability to a wide range of catheter stiffness.
With particular reference to FIG. 10, the guidewire 160 incorporates many of the structural features of the first two embodiments, most notably a core wire 162 slidably disposed coaxially within a tubular shaft or hypotube 164 and having a portion 166 that extends axially from the hypotube distal end. The core wire is preferably splined at the joints (FIGS. 12 and 14) to provide one or more torquable joints. One of the features included in the fifth embodiment, and not practiced in the aforedescribed embodiments, comprises a multi-element stiffening mechanism comprising a plurality of stiffeners 168 and 170. The stiffeners comprise respective compressible inner and outer coil springs and are mounted to the distal end of the hypotube 164 to project axially therefrom. The stiffening elements are concentrically disposed around the portion of the core wire that projects axially from the end of the hypotube. While FIGS. 10 through 20 illustrate the outer coil spring with the respective coils in a spaced apart orientation, this is done so merely for purposes of clarity. In practice, the coils are wound to eliminate any spacing therebetween, thereby minimizing any “spongy” effects as a catheter advances along the guidewire.
The respective distal ends of the core wire 162 and inner spring 168 terminate in a distal joint 172 that also attaches to a portion of the outer spring 170. As a result, the inner and outer springs are responsive to slidable movement of the distal joint which responds to action by the core wire. A distal portion 174 of the guidewire projects axially from the distal joint and is constructed substantially similar to the three previously described embodiments.
Unlike the previously described embodiments, the guide wire 160 according to the fifth embodiment incorporates the inner stiffening spring 168 to complement the variable stiffening characteristics of the outer spring 170. This enables further control by the operator over the stiffness capabilities of the guide wire.
FIGS. 15 through 18 illustrate possible alternatives to stiffeners formed helically from standard cylindrical wire. Such configurations include plastic or metallic wire 173 formed with a kidney shaped cross-section (FIGS. 15 and 18), and wound in a helical manner, or kidney shaped beads 175 (FIG. 16) formed centrally with bores 177 for threading the core wire 162 therethrough. The kidney shape includes a concave surface that complementally engages the convex surface of adjacent wound wire. Also envisioned is an alternating arrangement of spherical and conical bead elements 176 and 178 (FIG. 17) to impart the complementary stiffening characteristics.
In operation, the guide wire 160 is introduced into a vasculature in much the same manner as the aforedescribed embodiments. Once the distal end 174 is positioned proximate a predetermined location, often a stenosis or lesion, a lesion treatment device such as a catheter or stent is coupled to the guide wire to track the wire path for guidance to the lesion area. During tracking, the operator can adjust the support provided by the guide wire for the catheter by pulling the core wire proximally to compress the inner stiffening element. This provides proximal and intermediate firmness to successfully track the catheter along the entire length of the guide wire.
Those skilled in the art will appreciate the many benefits and advantages afforded by the present invention. Of significant importance is the controllable axial stiffness feature requiring merely relative axial displacement of the core wire with respect to the hypotube to vary the flexibility of the guide wire in vivo. This feature eliminates the need to effect any exchange in hardware preliminary to the actual stent delivery or balloon expansion step.
The invention also offers an important advantage in allowing the operator to adjust the torsional stiffness during operation merely by locking the hypotube and core wire together (as in the first and second embodiments), or through the splined construction of the hypotube itself (third and fourth embodiments). Such an advantage permits reliable rotational steering of the guide wire through the vascular system with minimal torsional interference caused by constricted blood vessels and the like.
While the invention has been particularly shown and described with reference to the preferred embodiments thereof, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes in form and detail may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. For example, while the embodiments disclosed above illustrate relative sliding motion between the core wire and hypotube to effect compression of the stiffening elements, it is envisioned, as shown in FIG. 19, that a formed piston 180, be slidably disposed along the core wire 162 and placed in axial confronting engagement with the stiffening elements 168 and 170, and hydraulically actuated by introducing non-compressible fluid into the proximal end of the guide wire shaft 164 to compress the elements and impart the variable stiffness feature. Additionally, the inner coil spring may be formed in a canted configuration, as shown in FIG. 20, to provide further operational flexibility.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3973556 *||Jun 20, 1975||Aug 10, 1976||Lake Region Manufacturing Company, Inc.||Smoothened coil spring wire guide|
|US4215703||Aug 29, 1978||Aug 5, 1980||Willson James K V||Variable stiffness guide wire|
|US4676249||May 19, 1986||Jun 30, 1987||Cordis Corporation||Multi-mode guidewire|
|US4719924||Sep 9, 1986||Jan 19, 1988||C. R. Bard, Inc.||Small diameter steerable guidewire with adjustable tip|
|US4827941||Dec 23, 1987||May 9, 1989||Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc.||Extendable guidewire for cardiovascular procedures|
|US4873983||Jan 27, 1988||Oct 17, 1989||Advanced Biomedical Devices, Inc.||Steerable guidewire for vascular system|
|US4961433||Nov 2, 1988||Oct 9, 1990||Cardiometrics, Inc.||Guide wire assembly with electrical functions and male and female connectors for use therewith|
|US5040543||Jul 25, 1990||Aug 20, 1991||C. R. Bard, Inc.||Movable core guidewire|
|US5052404||Aug 17, 1990||Oct 1, 1991||The Microspring Company, Inc.||Torque transmitter|
|US5065769||Jan 18, 1991||Nov 19, 1991||Boston Scientific Corporation||Small diameter guidewires of multi-filar, cross-wound coils|
|US5165421 *||Jul 20, 1990||Nov 24, 1992||Lake Region Manufacturing Co., Inc.||Hollow lumen cable apparatus|
|US5213561 *||Mar 19, 1992||May 25, 1993||Weinstein Joseph S||Method and devices for preventing restenosis after angioplasty|
|US5242399 *||Jun 18, 1992||Sep 7, 1993||Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc.||Method and system for stent delivery|
|US5273052||Jan 8, 1992||Dec 28, 1993||Danforth Biomedical, Incorporated||Guidewire with reversible contact seal for releasable securement to catheter|
|US5372144||Dec 1, 1992||Dec 13, 1994||Scimed Life Systems, Inc.||Navigability improved guidewire construction and method of using same|
|US5429139 *||Mar 7, 1994||Jul 4, 1995||Schneider (Europe) A.G.||Guide wire|
|US5542434||Oct 28, 1994||Aug 6, 1996||Intelliwire Inc.||Guide wire with deflectable tip and method|
|US5562275||Jul 11, 1995||Oct 8, 1996||Hawe Neos Dental Dr. H. V. Weissenfluh Ag||Radially and longitudinally indeformable flexible spindle|
|US5605162||Sep 1, 1993||Feb 25, 1997||Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc.||Method for using a variable stiffness guidewire|
|US5637089 *||Feb 12, 1996||Jun 10, 1997||Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc.||Superelastic guiding member|
|US5658264 *||Nov 10, 1994||Aug 19, 1997||Target Therapeutics, Inc.||High performance spiral-wound catheter|
|US5762615 *||Jun 4, 1996||Jun 9, 1998||Cordis Corporation||Guideware having a distal tip with variable flexibility|
|US5830155 *||Oct 27, 1995||Nov 3, 1998||Cordis Corporation||Guidewire assembly|
|USRE34466||Nov 20, 1992||Dec 7, 1993||Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc.||Extendable guidewire for cardiovascular procedures|
|EP0750879A1||Jun 29, 1995||Jan 2, 1997||Schneider (Europe) Ag||A medical appliance for pressure measurement in a blood vessel|
|EP0812600A2||Jun 3, 1997||Dec 17, 1997||Cordis Corporation||Guidewire having a distal tip with variable flexibility|
|WO1998004189A1||Jul 28, 1997||Feb 5, 1998||The Nemours Foundation||Catheter guidewire|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US6755794||Apr 25, 2001||Jun 29, 2004||Synovis Life Technologies, Inc.||Adjustable stylet|
|US6761696 *||Nov 13, 2001||Jul 13, 2004||Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc.||Guide wire with a non-rectangular shaping member|
|US6776765||Aug 21, 2001||Aug 17, 2004||Synovis Life Technologies, Inc.||Steerable stylet|
|US6918882||Oct 5, 2001||Jul 19, 2005||Scimed Life Systems, Inc.||Guidewire with stiffness blending connection|
|US7022086||May 21, 2002||Apr 4, 2006||Scimed Life Systems, Inc.||Guidewire with encapsulated marker|
|US7074197||Feb 28, 2002||Jul 11, 2006||Scimed Life Systems, Inc.||Composite guidewire|
|US7077811||Dec 23, 2002||Jul 18, 2006||Scimed Life Systems, Inc.||Guidewire tip construction|
|US7115134||Jul 22, 2002||Oct 3, 2006||Chambers Technology, Llc.||Catheter with flexible tip and shape retention|
|US7153277||Dec 3, 2002||Dec 26, 2006||Scimed Life Systems, Inc.||Composite medical device with markers|
|US7169118 *||Feb 26, 2003||Jan 30, 2007||Scimed Life Systems, Inc.||Elongate medical device with distal cap|
|US7172619 *||Aug 27, 2002||Feb 6, 2007||Medinol, Ltd.||Single operator stenting system|
|US7182735||Feb 26, 2003||Feb 27, 2007||Scimed Life Systems, Inc.||Elongated intracorporal medical device|
|US7316656 *||Dec 10, 2003||Jan 8, 2008||Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.||Elongated intracorporal medical device|
|US7322944||Apr 16, 2004||Jan 29, 2008||Nipro Corporation||Guide wire|
|US7618379||Dec 30, 2005||Nov 17, 2009||Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.||Composite guidewire|
|US7785273||Sep 22, 2003||Aug 31, 2010||Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.||Guidewire with reinforcing member|
|US7785317||Mar 29, 2006||Aug 31, 2010||Codman & Shurtleff, Inc.||Joined metal tubing and method of manufacture|
|US7824345||Dec 22, 2003||Nov 2, 2010||Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.||Medical device with push force limiter|
|US7867176||Dec 27, 2005||Jan 11, 2011||Cordis Corporation||Variable stiffness guidewire|
|US7875071||Sep 28, 2009||Jan 25, 2011||Medinol, Ltd.||System and method for delivering a bifurcated stent|
|US7892186||Dec 9, 2005||Feb 22, 2011||Heraeus Materials S.A.||Handle and articulator system and method|
|US7951093||Dec 13, 2006||May 31, 2011||Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.||Composite medical device with markers|
|US7993285 *||Nov 5, 2002||Aug 9, 2011||Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.||Medical device having flexible distal tip|
|US7993286||Jan 31, 2007||Aug 9, 2011||Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.||Composite guidewire|
|US7998088||Jun 26, 2006||Aug 16, 2011||Boston Scientifc Scimed, Inc.||Guidewire tip construction|
|US8007510 *||May 11, 2010||Aug 30, 2011||Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.||Embolic protection filtering device that can be adapted to be advanced over a guidewire|
|US8052733 *||Dec 22, 2006||Nov 8, 2011||Medinol Ltd.||Single operator stenting system|
|US8070759||May 30, 2008||Dec 6, 2011||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Surgical fastening device|
|US8075572||Apr 26, 2007||Dec 13, 2011||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Surgical suturing apparatus|
|US8114072||May 30, 2008||Feb 14, 2012||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Electrical ablation device|
|US8114119||Sep 9, 2008||Feb 14, 2012||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Surgical grasping device|
|US8152742 *||May 1, 2006||Apr 10, 2012||Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.||Crossing guide wire with corrugated shaping ribbon|
|US8157834||Nov 25, 2008||Apr 17, 2012||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Rotational coupling device for surgical instrument with flexible actuators|
|US8172772||Dec 11, 2008||May 8, 2012||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Specimen retrieval device|
|US8211125||Aug 15, 2008||Jul 3, 2012||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Sterile appliance delivery device for endoscopic procedures|
|US8222566||Feb 15, 2005||Jul 17, 2012||Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.||Elongated intracorporal medical device|
|US8241204||Aug 29, 2008||Aug 14, 2012||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Articulating end cap|
|US8241230 *||Sep 25, 2007||Aug 14, 2012||Cook Medical Technologies Llc||Variable stiffness wire guide|
|US8252057||Jan 30, 2009||Aug 28, 2012||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Surgical access device|
|US8262563||Jul 14, 2008||Sep 11, 2012||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Endoscopic translumenal articulatable steerable overtube|
|US8262655||Nov 21, 2007||Sep 11, 2012||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Bipolar forceps|
|US8262680||Mar 10, 2008||Sep 11, 2012||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Anastomotic device|
|US8267872||Jul 7, 2005||Sep 18, 2012||St. Jude Medical, Cardiology Division, Inc.||Steerable guide wire with torsionally stable tip|
|US8308658||Apr 13, 2007||Nov 13, 2012||Neometrics, Inc.||Medical guidewire|
|US8313493 *||Jul 10, 2008||Nov 20, 2012||Cook Medical Technologies Llc||Hydraulic guidewire advancement system|
|US8317806||May 30, 2008||Nov 27, 2012||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Endoscopic suturing tension controlling and indication devices|
|US8337394||Oct 1, 2008||Dec 25, 2012||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Overtube with expandable tip|
|US8337519||Jul 10, 2003||Dec 25, 2012||Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.||Embolic protection filtering device|
|US8353487||Dec 17, 2009||Jan 15, 2013||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||User interface support devices for endoscopic surgical instruments|
|US8353850 *||Jun 15, 2009||Jan 15, 2013||St. Jude Medical, Cardiology Division, Inc.||Steerable guide wire with torsionally stable tip|
|US8361112||Jun 27, 2008||Jan 29, 2013||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Surgical suture arrangement|
|US8403926||Jun 5, 2008||Mar 26, 2013||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Manually articulating devices|
|US8409200||Sep 3, 2008||Apr 2, 2013||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Surgical grasping device|
|US8414506||Jun 15, 2007||Apr 9, 2013||Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.||Composite guidewire|
|US8425505||Aug 25, 2011||Apr 23, 2013||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Electroporation ablation apparatus, system, and method|
|US8444577||Jan 5, 2009||May 21, 2013||Cook Medical Technologies Llc||Medical guide wire|
|US8449538||Jan 27, 2010||May 28, 2013||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Electroporation ablation apparatus, system, and method|
|US8480657||Oct 31, 2007||Jul 9, 2013||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Detachable distal overtube section and methods for forming a sealable opening in the wall of an organ|
|US8480689||Sep 2, 2008||Jul 9, 2013||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Suturing device|
|US8496574||Dec 17, 2009||Jul 30, 2013||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Selectively positionable camera for surgical guide tube assembly|
|US8506564||Dec 18, 2009||Aug 13, 2013||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Surgical instrument comprising an electrode|
|US8529563||Aug 25, 2008||Sep 10, 2013||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Electrical ablation devices|
|US8568410||Apr 25, 2008||Oct 29, 2013||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Electrical ablation surgical instruments|
|US8579822 *||Mar 5, 2007||Nov 12, 2013||Imacor Inc.||Transesophageal ultrasound probe with an adaptive bending section|
|US8579897||Nov 21, 2007||Nov 12, 2013||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Bipolar forceps|
|US8585612||Feb 16, 2011||Nov 19, 2013||Asahi Intecc Co., Ltd.||Guidewire|
|US8608652||Nov 5, 2009||Dec 17, 2013||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Vaginal entry surgical devices, kit, system, and method|
|US8608703||Oct 30, 2007||Dec 17, 2013||Medrad, Inc.||Infusion flow guidewire system|
|US8613713 *||May 28, 2009||Dec 24, 2013||Cook Medical Technologies Llc||Wire guide having variable flexibility and method of use thereof|
|US8652150||May 30, 2008||Feb 18, 2014||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Multifunction surgical device|
|US8679003||May 30, 2008||Mar 25, 2014||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Surgical device and endoscope including same|
|US8771260||May 30, 2008||Jul 8, 2014||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Actuating and articulating surgical device|
|US8828031||Jan 12, 2009||Sep 9, 2014||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Apparatus for forming an anastomosis|
|US8888792||Jul 14, 2008||Nov 18, 2014||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Tissue apposition clip application devices and methods|
|US8906035||Jun 4, 2008||Dec 9, 2014||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Endoscopic drop off bag|
|US8939897||Feb 4, 2011||Jan 27, 2015||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Methods for closing a gastrotomy|
|US8986199||Feb 17, 2012||Mar 24, 2015||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Apparatus and methods for cleaning the lens of an endoscope|
|US9005198||Jan 29, 2010||Apr 14, 2015||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Surgical instrument comprising an electrode|
|US9011431||Sep 4, 2012||Apr 21, 2015||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Electrical ablation devices|
|US9028483||Dec 18, 2009||May 12, 2015||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Surgical instrument comprising an electrode|
|US9049987||Mar 15, 2012||Jun 9, 2015||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Hand held surgical device for manipulating an internal magnet assembly within a patient|
|US9078662||Jul 3, 2012||Jul 14, 2015||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Endoscopic cap electrode and method for using the same|
|US9108026||Jul 8, 2010||Aug 18, 2015||Cook Medical Technologies Llc||Spring action medical device|
|US9161740||Apr 2, 2012||Oct 20, 2015||Edward Paul Harhen||Probe with an adaptive bending section|
|US9168353||Jan 11, 2011||Oct 27, 2015||Jeffrey W. Chambers||Catheter with flexible tip and shape retention|
|US9220526||Mar 20, 2012||Dec 29, 2015||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Rotational coupling device for surgical instrument with flexible actuators|
|US9226772||Jan 30, 2009||Jan 5, 2016||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Surgical device|
|US9233241||Jan 18, 2012||Jan 12, 2016||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Electrical ablation devices and methods|
|US9238119||Aug 11, 2011||Jan 19, 2016||Boston Scientific Limited||Infusion flow system and fluid coupling|
|US9254169||Feb 28, 2011||Feb 9, 2016||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Electrical ablation devices and methods|
|US9277957||Aug 15, 2012||Mar 8, 2016||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Electrosurgical devices and methods|
|US9314620||Feb 28, 2011||Apr 19, 2016||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Electrical ablation devices and methods|
|US9375268||May 9, 2013||Jun 28, 2016||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Electroporation ablation apparatus, system, and method|
|US9387308 *||Mar 5, 2010||Jul 12, 2016||Cardioguidance Biomedical, Llc||Guidewire with adjustable stiffness|
|US9387309 *||Dec 19, 2012||Jul 12, 2016||Cardioguidance Biomedical, Llc||Guidewire with adjustable stiffness|
|US9427255||May 14, 2012||Aug 30, 2016||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Apparatus for introducing a steerable camera assembly into a patient|
|US9498603 *||Dec 11, 2012||Nov 22, 2016||Cardioguidance Biomedical, Llc||Guidewire with adjustable stiffness|
|US9545290||Jul 30, 2012||Jan 17, 2017||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Needle probe guide|
|US9572623||Aug 2, 2012||Feb 21, 2017||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Reusable electrode and disposable sheath|
|US9585686 *||Dec 9, 2013||Mar 7, 2017||Boston Scientific Limited||Infusion flow guidewire system|
|US20030069520 *||Oct 5, 2001||Apr 10, 2003||Scimed Life Systems, Inc.||Guidewire with stiffness blending connection|
|US20030074046 *||Aug 27, 2002||Apr 17, 2003||Jacob Richter||Single operator stenting system|
|US20040015151 *||Jul 22, 2002||Jan 22, 2004||Chambers Technologies, Llc||Catheter with flexible tip and shape retention|
|US20040087876 *||Nov 5, 2002||May 6, 2004||Scimed Life Systems, Inc.||Medical device having flexible distal tip|
|US20040106878 *||Dec 3, 2002||Jun 3, 2004||Scimed Life Systems, Inc.||Composite medical device with markers|
|US20040122340 *||Dec 23, 2002||Jun 24, 2004||Anthony Vrba||Guidewire tip construction|
|US20040143197 *||Jan 6, 2004||Jul 22, 2004||Synovis Interventional Solutions||Steerable stylet|
|US20040167436 *||Feb 26, 2003||Aug 26, 2004||Reynolds Brian R.||Elongate medical device with distal cap|
|US20040167437 *||Feb 26, 2003||Aug 26, 2004||Sharrow James S.||Articulating intracorporal medical device|
|US20040167441 *||Feb 26, 2003||Aug 26, 2004||Reynolds Brian R.||Composite medical device|
|US20040167442 *||Feb 26, 2003||Aug 26, 2004||Shireman Brice L.||Elongated intracorporal medical device|
|US20040167443 *||Dec 10, 2003||Aug 26, 2004||Scimed Life Systems, Inc.||Elongated intracorporal medical device|
|US20040210163 *||Apr 16, 2004||Oct 21, 2004||Shinji Osawa||Guide wire|
|US20050065456 *||Sep 22, 2003||Mar 24, 2005||Scimed Life Systems, Inc.||Guidewire with reinforcing member|
|US20050145307 *||Feb 15, 2005||Jul 7, 2005||Shireman Brice L.||Elongated intracorporal medical device|
|US20060089569 *||Oct 26, 2004||Apr 27, 2006||Soukup Thomas M||Articulator with adjustable stiffness distal portion|
|US20060122537 *||Dec 30, 2005||Jun 8, 2006||Brian Reynolds||Composite guidewire|
|US20060235337 *||Jun 26, 2006||Oct 19, 2006||Scimed Life Systems, Inc.||Guidewire tip construction|
|US20060241419 *||Feb 23, 2006||Oct 26, 2006||Terumo Kabushiki Kaisha||Guide wire|
|US20070010762 *||Jul 7, 2005||Jan 11, 2007||Ressemann Thomas V||Steerable guide wire with torsionally stable tip|
|US20070112282 *||Dec 13, 2006||May 17, 2007||Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.||Composite medical device with markers|
|US20070123805 *||Jan 31, 2007||May 31, 2007||Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.||Elongated intracorporal medical device|
|US20070135734 *||Jan 31, 2007||Jun 14, 2007||Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.||Composite guidewire|
|US20070149951 *||Dec 27, 2005||Jun 28, 2007||Mina Wu||Variable stiffness guidewire|
|US20070150043 *||Dec 22, 2006||Jun 28, 2007||Jacob Richter||Single Operator Stenting System|
|US20070233039 *||Mar 29, 2006||Oct 4, 2007||Vladimir Mitelberg||Joined metal tubing and method of manufacture|
|US20070239022 *||Mar 5, 2007||Oct 11, 2007||Edward Paul Harhen||Transesophageal Ultrasound Probe With An Adaptive Bending Section|
|US20070244414 *||Jun 15, 2007||Oct 18, 2007||Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.||Composite guidewire|
|US20070255183 *||May 1, 2006||Nov 1, 2007||Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.||Crossing guide wire with corrugated shaping ribbon|
|US20080172037 *||Nov 1, 2006||Jul 17, 2008||Percutaneous Systems, Inc.||Catheter with adjustable column stability and methods for its use|
|US20080200839 *||Feb 12, 2008||Aug 21, 2008||Vance Products Inc., D/B/A Cook Urological||Dual stiffness wire guide|
|US20080312671 *||Oct 30, 2007||Dec 18, 2008||Possis Medical, Inc.||Infusion flow guidewire system|
|US20090054728 *||Aug 21, 2007||Feb 26, 2009||Trusty Robert M||Manipulatable guide system and methods for natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery|
|US20090062788 *||Aug 31, 2007||Mar 5, 2009||Long Gary L||Electrical ablation surgical instruments|
|US20090082851 *||Sep 25, 2007||Mar 26, 2009||Cook Incorporated||Variable stiffness wire guide|
|US20090112063 *||Oct 31, 2007||Apr 30, 2009||Bakos Gregory J||Endoscopic overtubes|
|US20090131751 *||Nov 20, 2007||May 21, 2009||Spivey James T||Anal surgical instrument guides|
|US20090143768 *||Nov 14, 2008||Jun 4, 2009||Interventional & Surgical Innovations, Llc||Guidewire with adjustable stiffness|
|US20090177119 *||Jan 3, 2008||Jul 9, 2009||Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.||Articulating intracorporeal medical device|
|US20090182332 *||Jan 15, 2008||Jul 16, 2009||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||In-line electrosurgical forceps|
|US20090281559 *||May 6, 2008||Nov 12, 2009||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Anastomosis patch|
|US20090299385 *||May 30, 2008||Dec 3, 2009||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Surgical fastening device|
|US20090306683 *||Jun 4, 2008||Dec 10, 2009||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Endoscopic drop off bag|
|US20090312747 *||May 28, 2009||Dec 17, 2009||Cook Incorporated||Wire Guide Having Variable Flexibility and Method of Use Thereof|
|US20090318835 *||Jun 15, 2009||Dec 24, 2009||Ressemann Thomas V||Steerable guide wire with torsionally stable tip|
|US20100010294 *||Jul 10, 2008||Jan 14, 2010||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Temporarily positionable medical devices|
|US20100010298 *||Jul 14, 2008||Jan 14, 2010||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Endoscopic translumenal flexible overtube|
|US20100010499 *||Jul 10, 2008||Jan 14, 2010||Cook Incorporated||Hydraulic guidewire advancement system|
|US20100010511 *||Jul 14, 2008||Jan 14, 2010||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Tissue apposition clip application devices and methods|
|US20100042045 *||Aug 15, 2008||Feb 18, 2010||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Sterile appliance delivery device for endoscopic procedures|
|US20100048990 *||Aug 25, 2008||Feb 25, 2010||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Endoscopic needle for natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery|
|US20100056861 *||Aug 29, 2008||Mar 4, 2010||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Articulating end cap|
|US20100056862 *||Sep 3, 2008||Mar 4, 2010||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Access needle for natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery|
|US20100057085 *||Sep 3, 2008||Mar 4, 2010||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Surgical grasping device|
|US20100063538 *||Sep 9, 2008||Mar 11, 2010||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Surgical grasping device|
|US20100076540 *||Sep 28, 2009||Mar 25, 2010||Medinol, Ltd.||System and method for delivering a bifurcated stent|
|US20100130817 *||Nov 25, 2008||May 27, 2010||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Tissue manipulation devices|
|US20100131005 *||Nov 25, 2008||May 27, 2010||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Rotational coupling device for surgical instrument with flexible actuators|
|US20100152609 *||Dec 11, 2008||Jun 17, 2010||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Specimen retrieval device|
|US20100174246 *||Jan 5, 2009||Jul 8, 2010||Vance Products Inc. D/B/A Cook Urological Incorporated||Medical Guide Wire and Method of Forming Thereof|
|US20100179530 *||Jan 12, 2009||Jul 15, 2010||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Electrical ablation devices|
|US20100198248 *||Feb 2, 2009||Aug 5, 2010||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Surgical dissector|
|US20100217305 *||May 11, 2010||Aug 26, 2010||Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.||Embolic protection filtering device that can be adapted to be advanced over a guidewire|
|US20100298642 *||May 19, 2009||Nov 25, 2010||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Manipulatable guide system and methods for natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery|
|US20100305475 *||Mar 5, 2010||Dec 2, 2010||Hinchliffe Peter W J||Guidewire with adjustable stiffness|
|US20100331622 *||Nov 25, 2008||Dec 30, 2010||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Tissue manipulation devices|
|US20100331774 *||Aug 15, 2008||Dec 30, 2010||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Sterile appliance delivery device for endoscopic procedures|
|US20110093009 *||Oct 16, 2009||Apr 21, 2011||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Otomy closure device|
|US20110105850 *||Nov 5, 2009||May 5, 2011||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Vaginal entry surgical devices, kit, system, and method|
|US20110115891 *||Nov 13, 2009||May 19, 2011||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Energy delivery apparatus, system, and method for deployable medical electronic devices|
|US20110124964 *||Feb 4, 2011||May 26, 2011||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Methods for closing a gastrotomy|
|US20110152609 *||Dec 17, 2009||Jun 23, 2011||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||User interface support devices for endoscopic surgical instruments|
|US20110152859 *||Dec 18, 2009||Jun 23, 2011||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Surgical instrument comprising an electrode|
|US20110152923 *||Dec 18, 2009||Jun 23, 2011||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Incision closure device|
|US20110190659 *||Jan 29, 2010||Aug 4, 2011||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Surgical instrument comprising an electrode|
|US20110208092 *||Feb 16, 2011||Aug 25, 2011||Asahi Intecc Co., Ltd.||Guidewire|
|US20130131643 *||Dec 11, 2012||May 23, 2013||Cardioguidance Biomedical, Llc||Guidewire with adjustable stiffness|
|US20130131644 *||Dec 19, 2012||May 23, 2013||Cardioguidance Biomedical, Llc||Guidewire with adjustable stiffness|
|US20140094835 *||Dec 9, 2013||Apr 3, 2014||Medrad, Inc.||Infusion flow guidewire system|
|EP1468707A1 *||Apr 15, 2004||Oct 20, 2004||Nipro Corporation||Guide wire|
|EP1698370A1 *||Feb 24, 2006||Sep 6, 2006||Terumo Kabushiki Kaisha||Guide wire|
|EP1803484A3 *||Dec 16, 2006||Nov 28, 2007||Cordis Corporation||Variable stiffness guidewire|
|WO2004020032A1 *||Aug 1, 2003||Mar 11, 2004||Genzyme Corporation||Catheter for cardiac injection|
|WO2004043530A1 *||Jul 31, 2003||May 27, 2004||Boston Sceintific Limited||Medical device having flexible distal tip|
|WO2016047363A1 *||Aug 27, 2015||Mar 31, 2016||テルモ株式会社||Guide wire|
|U.S. Classification||600/462, 600/434, 600/585|
|International Classification||A61M25/01, A61B5/00, A61B8/14, A61M25/09|
|Cooperative Classification||A61M2025/0915, A61M2025/09175, A61M25/09|
|Jun 1, 1998||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: C.R. BARD, INC., MASSACHUSETTS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:DOUK, NAREAK;GAMBALE, RICHARD A.;CHOH, RICHARD;REEL/FRAME:009223/0245
Effective date: 19980521
|Apr 22, 1999||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ARTERIAL VASCULAR ENGINEERING, INC., CALIFORNIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:C.R. BARD, INC.;REEL/FRAME:009906/0929
Effective date: 19981001
Owner name: MEDTRONIC AVE, INC., CALIFORNIA
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNORS:ARTERIAL VASCULAR ENGINEERING, INC.;MAV MERGER CORP.;REEL/FRAME:009906/0886
Effective date: 19990128
|Jun 29, 2004||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Jul 1, 2008||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Aug 6, 2012||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12